#### Study sets matching "physics chapter 3"

#### Study sets matching "physics chapter 3"

Friction

Inertia

Newton's First Law

Law of Inertia

The force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…

The property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…

The law of inertia; every body continues in its state of rest…

Newton's first law; every body continues in its state of rest…

Friction

The force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…

Inertia

The property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…

Speed

Instantaneous speed

Average speed

Velocity

How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

The speed at any instant.

The total distance traveled divided by the time of travel.

An object's speed and direction of motion.

Speed

How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

Instantaneous speed

The speed at any instant.

motion diagram

particle model

coordinate system

origin

a series of images showing the positions of a moving object t…

a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving…

tells you where the zero point of the variable you are studyi…

the point in a coordinate system when the variables have a ze…

motion diagram

a series of images showing the positions of a moving object t…

particle model

a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving…

vector

acceleration

velocity-time graph

average acceleration

quantity that has magnitude and direction

rate at which an object's velocity changes

v-t graph; velocity plotted on the vertical axis, time plotte…

change in velocity divided by time interval

vector

quantity that has magnitude and direction

acceleration

rate at which an object's velocity changes

Aristotle

Nicolaus Copernicus

Galileo Galilei

Isaac Newton

Greek philosopher from ~2400 years ago who tried to describe…

Polish astronomer from ~500 years ago who first proposed that…

Italian scientist from ~400 years ago who first proposed the…

English scientist from ~350 years ago who first described the…

Aristotle

Greek philosopher from ~2400 years ago who tried to describe…

Nicolaus Copernicus

Polish astronomer from ~500 years ago who first proposed that…

Frame of Reference

Inertial Frame of Reference

Non-inertial Frame of Reference

Fictitious Force

A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or…

A frame of reference that moves at a zero or constant velocit…

A frame of reference that accelerates with respect to an iner…

An apparent but non-existent force invented to explain the mo…

Frame of Reference

A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or…

Inertial Frame of Reference

A frame of reference that moves at a zero or constant velocit…

Force

Inertia

Newtons first law

Newton

An interaction that will change the motion of an object

an object's resistance to change in motion

An object at rest will stay at rest an object in motion will…

The SI unit of force

Force

An interaction that will change the motion of an object

Inertia

an object's resistance to change in motion

friction

inertia

Newton's first law

law of inertia

the force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…

the property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…

Every body continues in its state of rest, or of motion in a…

see Newton's first law

friction

the force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…

inertia

the property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…

reference point

reference frame

position

distance

from where you start your position of your point of data

the chosen reference point

separation between the object and its reference point

needs no reference frame; measurement of the distance between…

reference point

from where you start your position of your point of data

reference frame

the chosen reference point

Ammeter

Charge

Conductor

Conventional Current

Measures the current in 'Amps', connected in a circuit as a '…

Properties of particles (+ve, -ve or neutral), like-charge re…

Loosely held electrons can effectively 'jump' from one atom t…

Aka current, are a flow of charge from the positive terminal…

Ammeter

Measures the current in 'Amps', connected in a circuit as a '…

Charge

Properties of particles (+ve, -ve or neutral), like-charge re…

position-time graph

resultant

time interval

sum

a graph that shows how position depends on time is ___

the sum of two or more vectors

the difference between two clock readings is the ___

to add

position-time graph

a graph that shows how position depends on time is ___

resultant

the sum of two or more vectors

Pressure

pascal

fluid

buoyant force

The force exerted on an object divided by the total area over…

The SI unit for pressure.

A material that can easily flow.

The upward force that water and other fluids exert on submerg…

Pressure

The force exerted on an object divided by the total area over…

pascal

The SI unit for pressure.

vector

scalar

resultant

tip-to-tail method

A physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction.

A physical quantity that has magnitude only, no direction.

The vector sum of two or more other vectors.

The method of drawing a vector diagram where each new vector…

vector

A physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction.

scalar

A physical quantity that has magnitude only, no direction.

velocity-time graph

acceleration

instantaneous acceleration

free fall

graph in which the time data is on the horizontal (x) axis, a…

the rate at which velocity changes

The change in velocity at an instant of time

the motion of a body when only the force of gravity is acting…

velocity-time graph

graph in which the time data is on the horizontal (x) axis, a…

acceleration

the rate at which velocity changes

vector quantity

resultant

pythagorean theorem

law of cosines

has both magnitude and direction

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

a2+b2=c2

used to find he magnitude of the resultant

vector quantity

has both magnitude and direction

resultant

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

scalar

vector

resultant

components of a vector

A quantity that only has magnitude.

A quantity that has magnitude and direction

A vector that represents the sum of two or more vectors

the projections of the vector along the axes of the coordinat…

scalar

A quantity that only has magnitude.

vector

A quantity that has magnitude and direction

Newton's first law of motion

Pressure

Kinetic energy

KE

When an object is moving, it will continue to move at constan…

is equal to the force applied divided by the area to which it…

is the energy of motion.

=1/2 mv^2

Newton's first law of motion

When an object is moving, it will continue to move at constan…

Pressure

is equal to the force applied divided by the area to which it…

motion diagram

vector quantity

particle model

coordinate system

A series of images of an object that records the object's poo…

a quantity that has magnitude ad direction

replaces an object by a single point

the zero point of a variable and the direction in which the v…

motion diagram

A series of images of an object that records the object's poo…

vector quantity

a quantity that has magnitude ad direction

Admittance

Alternating Current (AC)

Amp (A)

Ampere (A)

Measures the resistance of an AC circuit.

When electrons move first in one direction, and then reverse…

The short word for Ampere

One coulomb of electrical charge flowing per second.

Admittance

Measures the resistance of an AC circuit.

Alternating Current (AC)

When electrons move first in one direction, and then reverse…

acceleration

velocity time graph

average acceleration

instantaneous acceleration

the rate at which the velocity of an object changes

a graph that has velocity plotted on the vertical axis and ti…

the change in an object's velocity during a measurable time i…

the change in an object's velocity at a specific instant

acceleration

the rate at which the velocity of an object changes

velocity time graph

a graph that has velocity plotted on the vertical axis and ti…

Scalar

Vector

Vector addition- graphical method

Subtracting two vectors graphically

Physical quantity that has magnitude only... Ex: distance, time,…

Physical quantity that has

**both**magnitude and direction... Ex:…1. Draw a scaled vector diagram... 2. Place the vectors head to…

Add the opposite

Scalar

Physical quantity that has magnitude only... Ex: distance, time,…

Vector

Physical quantity that has

**both**magnitude and direction... Ex:…velocity time graph

instantaneous acceleration

acceleration

free fall

A graph that shows how velocity is related to time

the change in velocity of an object at an instant of time

the rate at which an objects velocity changes

the motion of a falling object when air resistance is negligi…

velocity time graph

A graph that shows how velocity is related to time

instantaneous acceleration

the change in velocity of an object at an instant of time

As you read this in your chair, how fa…

A speedometer normally measures

What is the average speed in kilometer…

The difference between speed and veloc…

You are not moving relative to the chair, but you are moving…

instantaneous speed.

30 km/h

direction.

As you read this in your chair, how fa…

You are not moving relative to the chair, but you are moving…

A speedometer normally measures

instantaneous speed.

speed

instantaneous speed

average speed

velocity

how fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

the speed at any instant

the total distance traveled divided by the time of travel

an object's speed and direction of motion

speed

how fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

instantaneous speed

the speed at any instant

Bernoulli's Principle

force

pressure

Pascal's Principle

States that the velocity of a liquid is inversely proportiona…

any push or pull of an object

the force per unit area

The pressure applied to any surface of a confined liquid is t…

Bernoulli's Principle

States that the velocity of a liquid is inversely proportiona…

force

any push or pull of an object

Define Scalar

Give Examples of a Scalar

Define Vector

Give Examples of a Vector

Quantities that include magnitude (amount) but not direction.

Speed, Time, Number of Pages

Quantities that include magnitude and direction.

Velocity, Displacement, Acceleration

Define Scalar

Quantities that include magnitude (amount) but not direction.

Give Examples of a Scalar

Speed, Time, Number of Pages

Reference Point

Distance

Speed

Average Speed

a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…

the length of the path between two points

the distance an object moves per unit of time... Distance/Time

total distance traveled divided by total time

Reference Point

a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…

Distance

the length of the path between two points

fulcrum in middle. input down on one e…

fulcrum at one end. input force up on…

fulcrum at on end. large input in the…

inclined plane that moves

first class lever

second class lever

third class lever

wedge

fulcrum in middle. input down on one e…

first class lever

fulcrum at one end. input force up on…

second class lever

vector quantity

resultant

pythagorean theorem

law of cosines

has both magnitude and direction

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

a2+b2=c2

used to find he magnitude of the resultant

vector quantity

has both magnitude and direction

resultant

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

Newton's Third Law

Momentum

Law of Conservation of Momentum

Elastic Collision

For every action there is an equal reaction.

The mass of an object multiplied by its velocity.

Total amount of momentum in a closed system cannot change.

Two billiard ball bouncing off each other.

Newton's Third Law

For every action there is an equal reaction.

Momentum

The mass of an object multiplied by its velocity.

acceleration

negative acceleration

An object is ___________________ whene…

true or false: acceleration is a vecto…

the rate of change in the velocity of an object

the speed of an object slowing down or stops

accelerating

true

acceleration

the rate of change in the velocity of an object

negative acceleration

the speed of an object slowing down or stops

scalar

vector

resultant vector

negative of a vector

a quantity that has magnitude but no direction... symbols in ita…

a physical quantity that has both direction and magnitude... sym…

represents the sum of two or more vectors of the same unit... ca…

a vector with the same magnitude as the original vector but o…

scalar

a quantity that has magnitude but no direction... symbols in ita…

vector

a physical quantity that has both direction and magnitude... sym…

air friction

equilibrium

force

friction

opposing force created by objects moving through the atmosphere

occurs when forces on an object are balanced

any action that has the ability to change motion

the force that results from the relative motion between two o…

air friction

opposing force created by objects moving through the atmosphere

equilibrium

occurs when forces on an object are balanced

Resultant Vector

Component Vectors

Unit Vector

Dot Product

The sum of two vectors is called the resultant vector (commut…

The components Ax and Ay are the magnitudes of the component…

Unit vectors have magnitude 1 and no units. Unit vectors i an…

Resultant Vector

The sum of two vectors is called the resultant vector (commut…

Component Vectors

The components Ax and Ay are the magnitudes of the component…

IV

II

4.0 m/s*s

downward graph and straight across graph

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subt…

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addi…

an object is released from rest on a planet that has no atmos…

a projectile is fired with the initial velocity Vo at angle t…

IV

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subt…

II

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addi…

we use bold font with a arrow on top t…

we use italics to represent

Given the magnitude and direction of a…

The vector can be defined by

vector

magnitude

a.) its length and direction angle OR... b.) its x component and…

we use bold font with a arrow on top t…

vector

we use italics to represent

magnitude

Acceleration

Velocity-time graph

average acceleration

instantaneous acceleration

- the rate at which an object's velocity changes

- velocity = vertical axis (Y) ... - time = horizontal axis (X)

- change in velocity during some measurable time interval div…

- the change in an object's velocity at an instant of time

Acceleration

- the rate at which an object's velocity changes

Velocity-time graph

- velocity = vertical axis (Y) ... - time = horizontal axis (X)

Reference Point

Distance

Speed

Average Speed

a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…

the length of the path between two points

the distance an object moves per unit of time... Distance/Time

total distance traveled divided by total time

Reference Point

a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…

Distance

the length of the path between two points

velocity-time graph

acceleration

instantaneous acceleration

free fall

A graph that can be used to plot the velocity of an object ve…

the rate at which the velocity of an object changes

the change in an object's velocity at a specific instant of t…

the motion of a body when air resistance is negligible and th…

velocity-time graph

A graph that can be used to plot the velocity of an object ve…

acceleration

the rate at which the velocity of an object changes

Zeroth law of Thermodynamics

Temperature

Heat

Thermal Equilibrium

A law that if two systems are separately found to be in therm…

A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…

Transfer of Thermal energy from a hotter object with higher t…

No net heat flow between 2 objects in thermal contact

Zeroth law of Thermodynamics

A law that if two systems are separately found to be in therm…

Temperature

A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…

component vector

projectile

resultant vector

satellite

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

result of adding two or more vectors

An object that revolves around another object

component vector

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

projectile

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

component vector

projectile

resultant vector

satellite

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

result of adding two or more vectors

An object that revolves around another object

component vector

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

projectile

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

acceleration

if the velocity and acceleration are i…

if the velocity and the acceleration a…

freefall

the rate of change in velocity

slowing down

speeding up

motion of an object when the only force acting on it is gravity

acceleration

the rate of change in velocity

if the velocity and acceleration are i…

slowing down

ion

cation

anion

nonmetals

By gaining or losing electrons, an atom can be... converted into…

The loss of one or more electrons from a neutral atom gives a…

The gain of one or more electrons by a neutral atom... gives a n…

Metals tend to form compounds with

ion

By gaining or losing electrons, an atom can be... converted into…

cation

The loss of one or more electrons from a neutral atom gives a…

energy

work

newtons 3rd law

law of conservation of enery

(physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work

Force x Distance

States that for every action there is an equal and opposite r…

The principle that the total amount of matter is constant dur…

energy

(physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work

work

Force x Distance

inertia

newtons first law

mass

weight

the property of a body to resist changes to its state of motion

law of inertia; force is not needed to keep an object moving

quantity of matter in an object

force of gravity on an object

inertia

the property of a body to resist changes to its state of motion

newtons first law

law of inertia; force is not needed to keep an object moving

Vector quantity

Scalar quantity

Vector

Resultant

Requires magnitude and direction

Requires only magnitude

An arrow used to represent a magnitude and direction of a vec…

The diagonal determining 2 vectors

Vector quantity

Requires magnitude and direction

Scalar quantity

Requires only magnitude