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Speed

Instantaneous speed

Average speed

Velocity

How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

The speed at any instant.

The total distance traveled divided by the time of travel.

An object's speed and direction of motion.

Speed

How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

Instantaneous speed

The speed at any instant.

motion diagram

particle model

coordinate system

origin

a series of images showing the positions of a moving object t…

a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving…

tells you where the zero point of the variable you are studyi…

the point in a coordinate system when the variables have a ze…

motion diagram

a series of images showing the positions of a moving object t…

particle model

a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving…

Frame of Reference

Inertial Frame of Reference

Non-inertial Frame of Reference

Fictitious Force

A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or…

A frame of reference that moves at a zero or constant velocit…

A frame of reference that accelerates with respect to an iner…

An apparent but non-existent force invented to explain the mo…

Frame of Reference

A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or…

Inertial Frame of Reference

A frame of reference that moves at a zero or constant velocit…

vector

acceleration

velocity-time graph

average acceleration

quantity that has magnitude and direction

rate at which an object's velocity changes

v-t graph; velocity plotted on the vertical axis, time plotte…

change in velocity divided by time interval

vector

quantity that has magnitude and direction

acceleration

rate at which an object's velocity changes

Aristotle

Nicolaus Copernicus

Galileo Galilei

Isaac Newton

Greek philosopher from ~2400 years ago who tried to describe…

Polish astronomer from ~500 years ago who first proposed that…

Italian scientist from ~400 years ago who first proposed the…

English scientist from ~350 years ago who first described the…

Aristotle

Greek philosopher from ~2400 years ago who tried to describe…

Nicolaus Copernicus

Polish astronomer from ~500 years ago who first proposed that…

scalar

vector

resultant vector

negative of a vector

a quantity that has magnitude but no direction... symbols in ita…

a physical quantity that has both direction and magnitude... sym…

represents the sum of two or more vectors of the same unit... ca…

a vector with the same magnitude as the original vector but o…

scalar

a quantity that has magnitude but no direction... symbols in ita…

vector

a physical quantity that has both direction and magnitude... sym…

acceleration

negative acceleration

An object is ___________________ whene…

true or false: acceleration is a vecto…

the rate of change in the velocity of an object

the speed of an object slowing down or stops

accelerating

true

acceleration

the rate of change in the velocity of an object

negative acceleration

the speed of an object slowing down or stops

Ammeter

Charge

Conductor

Conventional Current

Measures the current in 'Amps', connected in a circuit as a '…

Properties of particles (+ve, -ve or neutral), like-charge re…

Loosely held electrons can effectively 'jump' from one atom t…

Aka current, are a flow of charge from the positive terminal…

Ammeter

Measures the current in 'Amps', connected in a circuit as a '…

Charge

Properties of particles (+ve, -ve or neutral), like-charge re…

Speed

Velocity

Vector quantity

Acceleration

How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…

Quantity in physics that has both magnitude and direction.

The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…

Speed

How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

Velocity

The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…

reference point

reference frame

position

distance

from where you start your position of your point of data

the chosen reference point

separation between the object and its reference point

needs no reference frame; measurement of the distance between…

reference point

from where you start your position of your point of data

reference frame

the chosen reference point

Bernoulli's Principle

force

pressure

Pascal's Principle

States that the velocity of a liquid is inversely proportiona…

any push or pull of an object

the force per unit area

The pressure applied to any surface of a confined liquid is t…

Bernoulli's Principle

States that the velocity of a liquid is inversely proportiona…

force

any push or pull of an object

Pressure

pascal

fluid

buoyant force

The force exerted on an object divided by the total area over…

The SI unit for pressure.

A material that can easily flow.

The upward force that water and other fluids exert on submerg…

Pressure

The force exerted on an object divided by the total area over…

pascal

The SI unit for pressure.

friction

inertia

Newton's first law

law of inertia

force that acts between materials that are touching as they m…

property of an object to resist change in motion

Object at rest tends to stay at rest, object in motion tends…

same as Newton's first law

friction

force that acts between materials that are touching as they m…

inertia

property of an object to resist change in motion

IV

II

4.0 m/s*s

downward graph and straight across graph

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subt…

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addi…

an object is released from rest on a planet that has no atmos…

a projectile is fired with the initial velocity Vo at angle t…

IV

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subt…

II

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addi…

vector

scalar

resultant

tip-to-tail method

A physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction.

A physical quantity that has magnitude only, no direction.

The vector sum of two or more other vectors.

The method of drawing a vector diagram where each new vector…

vector

A physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction.

scalar

A physical quantity that has magnitude only, no direction.

position-time graph

resultant

time interval

sum

a graph that shows how position depends on time is ___

the sum of two or more vectors

the difference between two clock readings is the ___

to add

position-time graph

a graph that shows how position depends on time is ___

resultant

the sum of two or more vectors

accelerator

carrier wave

diffraction

exoplanet

A machine that uses electrical fields to make charged particl…

A wave, such as a radio wave, that carries information from a…

Spreading out of waves around obstacles.

A planet orbiting a star that is not our Sun.

accelerator

A machine that uses electrical fields to make charged particl…

carrier wave

A wave, such as a radio wave, that carries information from a…

Friction

Inertia

Newton's First Law

Law of Inertia

The force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…

The property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…

The law of inertia; every body continues in its state of rest…

Newton's first law; every body continues in its state of rest…

Friction

The force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…

Inertia

The property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…

Newton's first law of motion

Pressure

Kinetic energy

KE

When an object is moving, it will continue to move at constan…

is equal to the force applied divided by the area to which it…

is the energy of motion.

=1/2 mv^2

Newton's first law of motion

When an object is moving, it will continue to move at constan…

Pressure

is equal to the force applied divided by the area to which it…

vector quantity

resultant

pythagorean theorem

law of cosines

has both magnitude and direction

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

a2+b2=c2

used to find he magnitude of the resultant

vector quantity

has both magnitude and direction

resultant

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

velocity-time graph

acceleration

instantaneous acceleration

free fall

graph in which the time data is on the horizontal (x) axis, a…

the rate at which velocity changes

The change in velocity at an instant of time

the motion of a body when only the force of gravity is acting…

velocity-time graph

graph in which the time data is on the horizontal (x) axis, a…

acceleration

the rate at which velocity changes

acceleration

velocity time-graph

average acceleration

instantaneous acceleration

rate at which an object's velocity changes

velocity is plotted on the vertical axis and time is plotted…

change in velocity during some measurable time interval divid…

change in an object's velocity at an instant of time

acceleration

rate at which an object's velocity changes

velocity time-graph

velocity is plotted on the vertical axis and time is plotted…

Aristotle

Copernicus

Galileo

Friction

Philosopher- scientist who stated theory of natural motion (m…

Astronomer who stated sun was center of universe- earth trave…

He discovered what we now call Newton's first law of motion.…

A force that opposes the motion of objects that touch as they…

Aristotle

Philosopher- scientist who stated theory of natural motion (m…

Copernicus

Astronomer who stated sun was center of universe- earth trave…

friction

inertia

Newton's first law

law of inertia

the force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…

the property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…

Every body continues in its state of rest, or of motion in a…

see Newton's first law

friction

the force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…

inertia

the property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…

In orded for a circuit to flow you nee…

Cell and battery

Switch

Conductor

1. energy source... 2. conducting metal ... 3. appliance/resistor…

...provides energy for charges to move

...closes or open a circuit

...connects circuit elements and allows energy or charge flow…

In orded for a circuit to flow you nee…

1. energy source... 2. conducting metal ... 3. appliance/resistor…

Cell and battery

...provides energy for charges to move

fulcrum in middle. input down on one e…

fulcrum at one end. input force up on…

fulcrum at on end. large input in the…

inclined plane that moves

first class lever

second class lever

third class lever

wedge

fulcrum in middle. input down on one e…

first class lever

fulcrum at one end. input force up on…

second class lever

Define Scalar

Give Examples of a Scalar

Define Vector

Give Examples of a Vector

Quantities that include magnitude (amount) but not direction.

Speed, Time, Number of Pages

Quantities that include magnitude and direction.

Velocity, Displacement, Acceleration

Define Scalar

Quantities that include magnitude (amount) but not direction.

Give Examples of a Scalar

Speed, Time, Number of Pages

Reference Point

Distance

Speed

Average Speed

a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…

the length of the path between two points

the distance an object moves per unit of time... Distance/Time

total distance traveled divided by total time

Reference Point

a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…

Distance

the length of the path between two points

Newton's Third Law

Momentum

Law of Conservation of Momentum

Elastic Collision

For every action there is an equal reaction.

The mass of an object multiplied by its velocity.

Total amount of momentum in a closed system cannot change.

Two billiard ball bouncing off each other.

Newton's Third Law

For every action there is an equal reaction.

Momentum

The mass of an object multiplied by its velocity.

component vector

projectile

resultant vector

satellite

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

result of adding two or more vectors

An object that revolves around another object

component vector

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

projectile

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

Resultant Vector

Component Vectors

Unit Vector

Dot Product

The sum of two vectors is called the resultant vector (commut…

The components Ax and Ay are the magnitudes of the component…

Unit vectors have magnitude 1 and no units. Unit vectors i an…

Resultant Vector

The sum of two vectors is called the resultant vector (commut…

Component Vectors

The components Ax and Ay are the magnitudes of the component…

One mole is defined as...

One mole value

Molecules in solids vibrate...

Forces between gas molecules are...

number of particles in 12g of carbon-12

6.02x10²³ mol⁻¹ (Avagrado's constant)

about their mean positions (as they are held close together b…

very small

One mole is defined as...

number of particles in 12g of carbon-12

One mole value

6.02x10²³ mol⁻¹ (Avagrado's constant)

vector quantity

resultant

pythagorean theorem

law of cosines

has both magnitude and direction

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

a2+b2=c2

used to find he magnitude of the resultant

vector quantity

has both magnitude and direction

resultant

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

air friction

equilibrium

force

friction

opposing force created by objects moving through the atmosphere

occurs when forces on an object are balanced

any action that has the ability to change motion

the force that results from the relative motion between two o…

air friction

opposing force created by objects moving through the atmosphere

equilibrium

occurs when forces on an object are balanced

Kinematics

Vector

Magnitude

Displacement

Kinematics is the description of motion in terms of an object…

A quantity that has both magnitude and direction.

(scalar) Something that has no direction - just a number.

The displacement of an object is its change in position . Dis…

Kinematics

Kinematics is the description of motion in terms of an object…

Vector

A quantity that has both magnitude and direction.

Newton (N)

weight (Fg)

Newton's First Law

mass

the SI unit of force and weight

the pull of gravity on an object, always pulls straight down

An object at rest will stay at rest, and an object in motion…

The measure of an object's inertia; the amount of matter in a…

Newton (N)

the SI unit of force and weight

weight (Fg)

the pull of gravity on an object, always pulls straight down

component vector

projectile

resultant vector

satellite

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

result of adding two or more vectors

An object that revolves around another object

component vector

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

projectile

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

Resultant Force

Resultant Force is zero

Weight formula

Terminal Velocity

The single force that has the same effect as two or more forces

The acceleration does not change, so the object stays at rest…

Mass × Acceleration of free fall... W = mg

When an object falls at a steady rate

Resultant Force

The single force that has the same effect as two or more forces

Resultant Force is zero

The acceleration does not change, so the object stays at rest…

Admittance

Alternating Current (AC)

Amp (A)

Ampere (A)

Measures the resistance of an AC circuit.

When electrons move first in one direction, and then reverse…

The short word for Ampere

One coulomb of electrical charge flowing per second.

Admittance

Measures the resistance of an AC circuit.

Alternating Current (AC)

When electrons move first in one direction, and then reverse…

motion diagram

vector quantity

particle model

coordinate system

A series of images of an object that records the object's poo…

a quantity that has magnitude ad direction

replaces an object by a single point

the zero point of a variable and the direction in which the v…

motion diagram

A series of images of an object that records the object's poo…

vector quantity

a quantity that has magnitude ad direction

measurement

calibrated scale

dimension

instrument

is a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to a…

using an instrument with a _______ scale

are measureable properties of matter and energy

is an artificial device made to refine, extend, or substitute…

measurement

is a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to a…

calibrated scale

using an instrument with a _______ scale

speed

instantaneous speed

average speed

velocity

how fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

the speed at any instant

the total distance traveled divided by the time of travel

an object's speed and direction of motion

speed

how fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…

instantaneous speed

the speed at any instant

phases of matter

physical properties

solid

liquid

states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma

properties that can be observed without changing the identity…

definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…

no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…

phases of matter

states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma

physical properties

properties that can be observed without changing the identity…

ion

cation

anion

nonmetals

By gaining or losing electrons, an atom can be... converted into…

The loss of one or more electrons from a neutral atom gives a…

The gain of one or more electrons by a neutral atom... gives a n…

Metals tend to form compounds with

ion

By gaining or losing electrons, an atom can be... converted into…

cation

The loss of one or more electrons from a neutral atom gives a…

If point A goes North and Point B goes…

x axiTo find the x axis you use... y a…

Example of last slide

How to find Angle and Hypotenuse

Pythagorean

Ax= Acos(-) ; Ay = Asin(-)

If point A goes North and Point B goes…

Pythagorean

x axiTo find the x axis you use... y a…

Ax= Acos(-) ; Ay = Asin(-)

Reference Point

Distance

Speed

Average Speed

a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…

the length of the path between two points

the distance an object moves per unit of time... Distance/Time

total distance traveled divided by total time

Reference Point

a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…

Distance

the length of the path between two points

Acceleration

Average Acceleration

unit for acceleration

Negative acceleration does not always…

the change in velocity divided by time

= delta V/delta T

m/s^2

1. simply indicates that acceleration is in the negative dire…

Acceleration

the change in velocity divided by time

Average Acceleration

= delta V/delta T