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Study sets matching "physics chapter 3"

8 terms
Chapter 3 Physics: Linear Motion
Speed
Instantaneous speed
Average speed
Velocity
How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
The speed at any instant.
The total distance traveled divided by the time of travel.
An object's speed and direction of motion.
Speed
How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
Instantaneous speed
The speed at any instant.
14 terms
Physics: Chapter 3 Describing Motion
motion diagram
particle model
coordinate system
origin
a series of images showing the positions of a moving object t…
a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving…
tells you where the zero point of the variable you are studyi…
the point in a coordinate system when the variables have a ze…
motion diagram
a series of images showing the positions of a moving object t…
particle model
a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving…
14 terms
Physics- Chapter 3 Terminology
Frame of Reference
Inertial Frame of Reference
Non-inertial Frame of Reference
Fictitious Force
A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or…
A frame of reference that moves at a zero or constant velocit…
A frame of reference that accelerates with respect to an iner…
An apparent but non-existent force invented to explain the mo…
Frame of Reference
A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or…
Inertial Frame of Reference
A frame of reference that moves at a zero or constant velocit…
9 terms
Physics Chapter 3
vector
acceleration
velocity-time graph
average acceleration
quantity that has magnitude and direction
rate at which an object's velocity changes
v-t graph; velocity plotted on the vertical axis, time plotte…
change in velocity divided by time interval
vector
quantity that has magnitude and direction
acceleration
rate at which an object's velocity changes
Physics Chapter 3
Aristotle
Nicolaus Copernicus
Galileo Galilei
Isaac Newton
Greek philosopher from ~2400 years ago who tried to describe…
Polish astronomer from ~500 years ago who first proposed that…
Italian scientist from ~400 years ago who first proposed the…
English scientist from ~350 years ago who first described the…
Aristotle
Greek philosopher from ~2400 years ago who tried to describe…
Nicolaus Copernicus
Polish astronomer from ~500 years ago who first proposed that…
10 terms
physics chapter 3
scalar
vector
resultant vector
negative of a vector
a quantity that has magnitude but no direction... symbols in ita…
a physical quantity that has both direction and magnitude... sym…
represents the sum of two or more vectors of the same unit... ca…
a vector with the same magnitude as the original vector but o…
scalar
a quantity that has magnitude but no direction... symbols in ita…
vector
a physical quantity that has both direction and magnitude... sym…
36 terms
Physics Chapter 3: Acceleration
acceleration
negative acceleration
An object is ___________________ whene…
true or false: acceleration is a vecto…
the rate of change in the velocity of an object
the speed of an object slowing down or stops
accelerating
true
acceleration
the rate of change in the velocity of an object
negative acceleration
the speed of an object slowing down or stops
26 terms
Physics - Chapter 3
Ammeter
Charge
Conductor
Conventional Current
Measures the current in 'Amps', connected in a circuit as a '…
Properties of particles (+ve, -ve or neutral), like-charge re…
Loosely held electrons can effectively 'jump' from one atom t…
Aka current, are a flow of charge from the positive terminal…
Ammeter
Measures the current in 'Amps', connected in a circuit as a '…
Charge
Properties of particles (+ve, -ve or neutral), like-charge re…
19 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 3: Linear Motion
Speed
Velocity
Vector quantity
Acceleration
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
Quantity in physics that has both magnitude and direction.
The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…
Speed
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
Velocity
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
24 terms
physics chapter 3
reference point
reference frame
position
distance
from where you start your position of your point of data
the chosen reference point
separation between the object and its reference point
needs no reference frame; measurement of the distance between…
reference point
from where you start your position of your point of data
reference frame
the chosen reference point
9 terms
Ch 3 Abeka Physics Terms
Bernoulli's Principle
force
pressure
Pascal's Principle
States that the velocity of a liquid is inversely proportiona…
any push or pull of an object
the force per unit area
The pressure applied to any surface of a confined liquid is t…
Bernoulli's Principle
States that the velocity of a liquid is inversely proportiona…
force
any push or pull of an object
10 terms
Physics Chapter 3
Pressure
pascal
fluid
buoyant force
The force exerted on an object divided by the total area over…
The SI unit for pressure.
A material that can easily flow.
The upward force that water and other fluids exert on submerg…
Pressure
The force exerted on an object divided by the total area over…
pascal
The SI unit for pressure.
8 terms
Chapter 3 Vocab Physics
friction
inertia
Newton's first law
law of inertia
force that acts between materials that are touching as they m…
property of an object to resist change in motion
Object at rest tends to stay at rest, object in motion tends…
same as Newton's first law
friction
force that acts between materials that are touching as they m…
inertia
property of an object to resist change in motion
25 terms
AP Physics 1 Chapter 3
IV
II
4.0 m/s*s
downward graph and straight across graph
in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subt…
in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addi…
an object is released from rest on a planet that has no atmos…
a projectile is fired with the initial velocity Vo at angle t…
IV
in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subt…
II
in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addi…
14 terms
Giancoli Physics Chapter 3 Vocabulary
vector
scalar
resultant
tip-to-tail method
A physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction.
A physical quantity that has magnitude only, no direction.
The vector sum of two or more other vectors.
The method of drawing a vector diagram where each new vector…
vector
A physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction.
scalar
A physical quantity that has magnitude only, no direction.
21 terms
Chapter 3 Physics terms
position-time graph
resultant
time interval
sum
a graph that shows how position depends on time is ___
the sum of two or more vectors
the difference between two clock readings is the ___
to add
position-time graph
a graph that shows how position depends on time is ___
resultant
the sum of two or more vectors
24 terms
Kerboodle chapter 3 physics key words
accelerator
carrier wave
diffraction
exoplanet
A machine that uses electrical fields to make charged particl…
A wave, such as a radio wave, that carries information from a…
Spreading out of waves around obstacles.
A planet orbiting a star that is not our Sun.
accelerator
A machine that uses electrical fields to make charged particl…
carrier wave
A wave, such as a radio wave, that carries information from a…
8 terms
Physics: Chapter 3 Vocab
Friction
Inertia
Newton's First Law
Law of Inertia
The force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…
The property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…
The law of inertia; every body continues in its state of rest…
Newton's first law; every body continues in its state of rest…
Friction
The force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…
Inertia
The property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…
18 terms
Physics Chapter 3 Review
Newton's first law of motion
Pressure
Kinetic energy
KE
When an object is moving, it will continue to move at constan…
is equal to the force applied divided by the area to which it…
is the energy of motion.
=1/2 mv^2
Newton's first law of motion
When an object is moving, it will continue to move at constan…
Pressure
is equal to the force applied divided by the area to which it…
25 terms
Holt Physics, Chapter 3
vector quantity
resultant
pythagorean theorem
law of cosines
has both magnitude and direction
a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors
a2+b2=c2
used to find he magnitude of the resultant
vector quantity
has both magnitude and direction
resultant
a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors
6 terms
Physics Acceleration Chapter 3
velocity-time graph
acceleration
instantaneous acceleration
free fall
graph in which the time data is on the horizontal (x) axis, a…
the rate at which velocity changes
The change in velocity at an instant of time
the motion of a body when only the force of gravity is acting…
velocity-time graph
graph in which the time data is on the horizontal (x) axis, a…
acceleration
the rate at which velocity changes
6 terms
Physics Chapter 3 Vocab
acceleration
velocity time-graph
average acceleration
instantaneous acceleration
rate at which an object's velocity changes
velocity is plotted on the vertical axis and time is plotted…
change in velocity during some measurable time interval divid…
change in an object's velocity at an instant of time
acceleration
rate at which an object's velocity changes
velocity time-graph
velocity is plotted on the vertical axis and time is plotted…
15 terms
Conceptual physics chapter 3 Newton inertia
Aristotle
Copernicus
Galileo
Friction
Philosopher- scientist who stated theory of natural motion (m…
Astronomer who stated sun was center of universe- earth trave…
He discovered what we now call Newton's first law of motion.…
A force that opposes the motion of objects that touch as they…
Aristotle
Philosopher- scientist who stated theory of natural motion (m…
Copernicus
Astronomer who stated sun was center of universe- earth trave…
8 terms
Physics Terms Chapter 3
friction
inertia
Newton's first law
law of inertia
the force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…
the property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…
Every body continues in its state of rest, or of motion in a…
see Newton's first law
friction
the force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…
inertia
the property of any body to resist changes in its state of mo…
26 terms
Physics Chapter 3
In orded for a circuit to flow you nee…
Cell and battery
Switch
Conductor
1. energy source... 2. conducting metal ... 3. appliance/resistor…
...provides energy for charges to move
...closes or open a circuit
...connects circuit elements and allows energy or charge flow…
In orded for a circuit to flow you nee…
1. energy source... 2. conducting metal ... 3. appliance/resistor…
Cell and battery
...provides energy for charges to move
17 terms
physics chapter 3
fulcrum in middle. input down on one e…
fulcrum at one end. input force up on…
fulcrum at on end. large input in the…
inclined plane that moves
first class lever
second class lever
third class lever
wedge
fulcrum in middle. input down on one e…
first class lever
fulcrum at one end. input force up on…
second class lever
118 terms
Physics Chapter 3
m*v = ?
When direction is not an important fac…
What conditions are necessary for a mo…
What produces acceleration?
momentum
mass x speed
it must have a large mass, a high speed, or both.
force
m*v = ?
momentum
When direction is not an important fac…
mass x speed
22 terms
Physics Chapter 3
Define Scalar
Give Examples of a Scalar
Define Vector
Give Examples of a Vector
Quantities that include magnitude (amount) but not direction.
Speed, Time, Number of Pages
Quantities that include magnitude and direction.
Velocity, Displacement, Acceleration
Define Scalar
Quantities that include magnitude (amount) but not direction.
Give Examples of a Scalar
Speed, Time, Number of Pages
14 terms
Physics chapter 3
Reference Point
Distance
Speed
Average Speed
a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…
the length of the path between two points
the distance an object moves per unit of time... Distance/Time
total distance traveled divided by total time
Reference Point
a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…
Distance
the length of the path between two points
12 terms
Physics Chapter 3
Newton's Third Law
Momentum
Law of Conservation of Momentum
Elastic Collision
For every action there is an equal reaction.
The mass of an object multiplied by its velocity.
Total amount of momentum in a closed system cannot change.
Two billiard ball bouncing off each other.
Newton's Third Law
For every action there is an equal reaction.
Momentum
The mass of an object multiplied by its velocity.
10 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 3: Projectile Motion
component vector
projectile
resultant vector
satellite
one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector
an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…
result of adding two or more vectors
An object that revolves around another object
component vector
one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector
projectile
an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…
14 terms
Physics Chapter 3 (Vectors)
Resultant Vector
Component Vectors
Unit Vector
Dot Product
The sum of two vectors is called the resultant vector (commut…
The components Ax and Ay are the magnitudes of the component…
Unit vectors have magnitude 1 and no units. Unit vectors i an…
Resultant Vector
The sum of two vectors is called the resultant vector (commut…
Component Vectors
The components Ax and Ay are the magnitudes of the component…
18 terms
Chapter 3 Thermal Physics
One mole is defined as...
One mole value
Molecules in solids vibrate...
Forces between gas molecules are...
number of particles in 12g of carbon-12
6.02x10²³ mol⁻¹ (Avagrado's constant)
about their mean positions (as they are held close together b…
very small
One mole is defined as...
number of particles in 12g of carbon-12
One mole value
6.02x10²³ mol⁻¹ (Avagrado's constant)
25 terms
Holt Physics, Chapter 3
vector quantity
resultant
pythagorean theorem
law of cosines
has both magnitude and direction
a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors
a2+b2=c2
used to find he magnitude of the resultant
vector quantity
has both magnitude and direction
resultant
a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors
17 terms
Chapter 3 PS-Physics
air friction
equilibrium
force
friction
opposing force created by objects moving through the atmosphere
occurs when forces on an object are balanced
any action that has the ability to change motion
the force that results from the relative motion between two o…
air friction
opposing force created by objects moving through the atmosphere
equilibrium
occurs when forces on an object are balanced
11 terms
Physics- Chapter 3 & 4
Kinematics
Vector
Magnitude
Displacement
Kinematics is the description of motion in terms of an object…
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction.
(scalar) Something that has no direction - just a number.
The displacement of an object is its change in position . Dis…
Kinematics
Kinematics is the description of motion in terms of an object…
Vector
A quantity that has both magnitude and direction.
45 terms
Physics I - Chapter 3
Newton (N)
weight (Fg)
Newton's First Law
mass
the SI unit of force and weight
the pull of gravity on an object, always pulls straight down
An object at rest will stay at rest, and an object in motion…
The measure of an object's inertia; the amount of matter in a…
Newton (N)
the SI unit of force and weight
weight (Fg)
the pull of gravity on an object, always pulls straight down
11 terms
Physics: Chapter 3 Vocabulary
acceleration
motion
speed
velocity
change in velocity
change of position
distance traveled divided by the time it took for motion to o…
an object's speed and direction
acceleration
change in velocity
motion
change of position
10 terms
Chapter 3: Projectile Motion - Conceptual Physics
component vector
projectile
resultant vector
satellite
one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector
an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…
result of adding two or more vectors
An object that revolves around another object
component vector
one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector
projectile
an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…
IGCSE Physics Chapter 3
Resultant Force
Resultant Force is zero
Weight formula
Terminal Velocity
The single force that has the same effect as two or more forces
The acceleration does not change, so the object stays at rest…
Mass × Acceleration of free fall... W = mg
When an object falls at a steady rate
Resultant Force
The single force that has the same effect as two or more forces
Resultant Force is zero
The acceleration does not change, so the object stays at rest…
53 terms
Physics Chapter 3
Admittance
Alternating Current (AC)
Amp (A)
Ampere (A)
Measures the resistance of an AC circuit.
When electrons move first in one direction, and then reverse…
The short word for Ampere
One coulomb of electrical charge flowing per second.
Admittance
Measures the resistance of an AC circuit.
Alternating Current (AC)
When electrons move first in one direction, and then reverse…
17 terms
Physics Chapter 3 Study Guide
motion diagram
vector quantity
particle model
coordinate system
A series of images of an object that records the object's poo…
a quantity that has magnitude ad direction
replaces an object by a single point
the zero point of a variable and the direction in which the v…
motion diagram
A series of images of an object that records the object's poo…
vector quantity
a quantity that has magnitude ad direction
47 terms
Chapter 3 Intro to Physics
measurement
calibrated scale
dimension
instrument
is a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to a…
using an instrument with a _______ scale
are measureable properties of matter and energy
is an artificial device made to refine, extend, or substitute…
measurement
is a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to a…
calibrated scale
using an instrument with a _______ scale
47 terms
Physics: Chapter 3
speed
instantaneous speed
average speed
velocity
how fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
the speed at any instant
the total distance traveled divided by the time of travel
an object's speed and direction of motion
speed
how fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
instantaneous speed
the speed at any instant
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
81 terms
Chapter 3 physics
ion
cation
anion
nonmetals
By gaining or losing electrons, an atom can be... converted into…
The loss of one or more electrons from a neutral atom gives a…
The gain of one or more electrons by a neutral atom... gives a n…
Metals tend to form compounds with
ion
By gaining or losing electrons, an atom can be... converted into…
cation
The loss of one or more electrons from a neutral atom gives a…
37 terms
College Physics Chapter 3
If point A goes North and Point B goes…
x axiTo find the x axis you use... y a…
Example of last slide
How to find Angle and Hypotenuse
Pythagorean
Ax= Acos(-) ; Ay = Asin(-)
If point A goes North and Point B goes…
Pythagorean
x axiTo find the x axis you use... y a…
Ax= Acos(-) ; Ay = Asin(-)
18 terms
Physics chapter 3
Reference Point
Distance
Speed
Average Speed
a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…
the length of the path between two points
the distance an object moves per unit of time... Distance/Time
total distance traveled divided by total time
Reference Point
a place or object that is used for comparison to determine if…
Distance
the length of the path between two points
25 terms
Physics Chapter 3
Acceleration
Average Acceleration
unit for acceleration
Negative acceleration does not always…
the change in velocity divided by time
= delta V/delta T
m/s^2
1. simply indicates that acceleration is in the negative dire…
Acceleration
the change in velocity divided by time
Average Acceleration
= delta V/delta T
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