# Study sets matching "physics chapter 3"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

scalar

vector

resultant vector

negative of a vector

a quantity that has magnitude but no direction... symbols in ital…

a physical quantity that has both direction and magnitude... symb…

represents the sum of two or more vectors of the same unit... can…

a vector with the same magnitude as the original vector but op…

scalar

a quantity that has magnitude but no direction... symbols in ital…

vector

a physical quantity that has both direction and magnitude... symb…

Speed

Instantaneous speed

Average speed

Velocity

How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of ti…

The speed at any instant.

The total distance traveled divided by the time of travel.

An object's speed and direction of motion.

Speed

How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of ti…

Instantaneous speed

The speed at any instant.

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motion diagram

particle model

coordinate system

origin

a series of images showing the positions of a moving object ta…

a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving o…

tells you where the zero point of the variable you are studyin…

the point in a coordinate system when the variables have a zer…

motion diagram

a series of images showing the positions of a moving object ta…

particle model

a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving o…

Natural Motion

Violent Motion

A push or pull is a what?

What did Copernicus assume?

up and down motion (i.e. smoke)

sideways (i.e. leaves swaying when they fall)

Force

The earth moved around the sun; however, he did not publish un…

Natural Motion

up and down motion (i.e. smoke)

Violent Motion

sideways (i.e. leaves swaying when they fall)

Absolute Refractive Index

Absorption (fibre optics)

Amplitude

Angle of Incidence

the ratio of the speed of light in a vacuum compared with the…

Where some of the energy of a fibre-optic is absorbed by the m…

For a wave or vibration, the maximum displacement on either si…

The angle between the incident ray and the normal

Absolute Refractive Index

the ratio of the speed of light in a vacuum compared with the…

Absorption (fibre optics)

Where some of the energy of a fibre-optic is absorbed by the m…

vector

acceleration

velocity-time graph

average acceleration

quantity that has magnitude and direction

rate at which an object's velocity changes

v-t graph; velocity plotted on the vertical axis, time plotted…

change in velocity divided by time interval

vector

quantity that has magnitude and direction

acceleration

rate at which an object's velocity changes

Acceleration

Average acceleration

Instantaneous acceleration

Constant Acceleration

the rate at which velocity changes with time

the change in velocity divided by the change in time

the acceleration of an object at a given instant of time

the acceleration is the same at every instant of time

Acceleration

the rate at which velocity changes with time

Average acceleration

the change in velocity divided by the change in time

Aristotle

Nicolaus Copernicus

Galileo Galilei

Isaac Newton

Greek philosopher from ~2400 years ago who tried to describe m…

Polish astronomer from ~500 years ago who first proposed that…

Italian scientist from ~400 years ago who first proposed the c…

English scientist from ~350 years ago who first described the…

Aristotle

Greek philosopher from ~2400 years ago who tried to describe m…

Nicolaus Copernicus

Polish astronomer from ~500 years ago who first proposed that…

Temperature

Absolute zero

Thermal equilibrium

Heat

A measure of the 'coldness' or 'hotness'; the absolute tempera…

The temperature at which all random motion of molecules stops…

The state in which the temperature remains constant.

The energy transferred as a result of a temperature difference.

Temperature

A measure of the 'coldness' or 'hotness'; the absolute tempera…

Absolute zero

The temperature at which all random motion of molecules stops…

Frame of Reference

Inertial Frame of Reference

Non-inertial Frame of Reference

Fictitious Force

A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or o…

A frame of reference that moves at a zero or constant velocity…

A frame of reference that accelerates with respect to an inert…

An apparent but non-existent force invented to explain the mot…

Frame of Reference

A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or o…

Inertial Frame of Reference

A frame of reference that moves at a zero or constant velocity…

scalar

vector

resultant vector

vector components

A physical quantity that has magnitude only.

a physical quantity that has both magnitude and a direction

vector sum of two or more vectors

perpendicular vectors added together to make up a vector, crea…

scalar

A physical quantity that has magnitude only.

vector

a physical quantity that has both magnitude and a direction

Dense

Stiff

Hard

Brittle

if the material has a large mass per unit volume ratio

difficult to stretch or bend a material

difficult to dent the surface of the material

breaks by snapping cleanly

Dense

if the material has a large mass per unit volume ratio

Stiff

difficult to stretch or bend a material

straight down

They both hit simaltaneously

a thrown baseball

vector addition

A piece of chalk is dropped by a teacher walking at a speed of…

2 balls begin at rest at the same height (but not at the same…

Which of the following is an example of projectile motion ?

straight down

A piece of chalk is dropped by a teacher walking at a speed of…

They both hit simaltaneously

2 balls begin at rest at the same height (but not at the same…

0th Law of Thermodynamics

Thermal Equilibrium

Temperature

Thermal Expansion

Objects are in thermal equilibrium when they are at the same t…

Objects in thermal equilibrium experience no net exchange of h…

Qualitative measure of how hot or cold an object is; quantitat…

Describes how a substance changes in length or volume as a fun…

0th Law of Thermodynamics

Objects are in thermal equilibrium when they are at the same t…

Thermal Equilibrium

Objects in thermal equilibrium experience no net exchange of h…

Aristotle

Copernicus

Galileo

Friction

Philosopher- scientist who stated theory of natural motion (mo…

Astronomer who stated sun was center of universe- earth travel…

He discovered what we now call Newton's first law of motion. I…

A force that opposes the motion of objects that touch as they…

Aristotle

Philosopher- scientist who stated theory of natural motion (mo…

Copernicus

Astronomer who stated sun was center of universe- earth travel…

IV

II

4.0 m/s*s

downward graph and straight across graph

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subtr…

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addit…

an object is released from rest on a planet that has no atmosp…

a projectile is fired with the initial velocity Vo at angle th…

IV

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subtr…

II

in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addit…

vector quantity

resultant

pythagorean theorem

law of cosines

has both magnitude and direction

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

a2+b2=c2

used to find he magnitude of the resultant

vector quantity

has both magnitude and direction

resultant

a vector representing the sum of two or more vectors

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Friction

Inertia

Newton's Law

Kilgrams

The name given to the force that acts between materials that t…

The property of a body able to resist changes to its state of…

Also known as Law of inertia, is a restatement of Galileo's id…

The measurement of mass.

Friction

The name given to the force that acts between materials that t…

Inertia

The property of a body able to resist changes to its state of…

Force

Inertia

Newtons first law

Newton

An interaction that will change the motion of an object

an object's resistance to change in motion

An object at rest will stay at rest an object in motion will s…

The SI unit of force

Force

An interaction that will change the motion of an object

Inertia

an object's resistance to change in motion

acceleration

increase in speed

decrease in speed

velocity time graph

rate at which an object's velocity changes

acceleration is the same direction as velocity

acceleration is the opposite direction of velocity

time on x axis, velocity on y axis... acceleration is slope in m/…

acceleration

rate at which an object's velocity changes

increase in speed

acceleration is the same direction as velocity

Thermal Equilibrium

Types of thermal energy

Absolute temperature

Internal Energy

When energy flows from a hotter object to a colder one until t…

1. Conduction... 2. Convection ... 3. Radiation

Zero Kelvin or -273°C. It's the unique temperature and pressur…

The total potential energy plus the the random kinetic energy…

Thermal Equilibrium

When energy flows from a hotter object to a colder one until t…

Types of thermal energy

1. Conduction... 2. Convection ... 3. Radiation