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Study sets matching "physics final exam chapter 4 laws"

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Study sets matching "physics final exam chapter 4 laws"

77 terms
Physics Chapter 4-Newton's Laws of Motion
Force:
The force of gravity on an object, cal…
weight=mass x _______
baseball bat hitting a ball, gravity,…
a push or pull
W
gravity
push or a pull.
Force:
a push or pull
The force of gravity on an object, cal…
W
17 terms
Holt Physics: Chapter 4 The Laws of Motion
Newton's Laws of Motion
Newton's First Law of Motion
Inertia
Newton's Second Law of Motion
A set of three laws developed by British scientist Sir Isaac…
The scientific law that states that an object at rest will st…
The tendency of an object to resist a change in it's motion.…
Describes the relationship between the net force, mass , and…
Newton's Laws of Motion
A set of three laws developed by British scientist Sir Isaac…
Newton's First Law of Motion
The scientific law that states that an object at rest will st…
16 terms
Chapter 4 Forces and the Laws of Motion (Physics)
force
inertia
net force
equilibrium
An action exerted on an object that may change the object's s…
The tendency of an object to resist being moved or, if the ob…
A single force whose external effects on a rigid body are the…
The state in which the net force of an object is zero
force
An action exerted on an object that may change the object's s…
inertia
The tendency of an object to resist being moved or, if the ob…
11 terms
Chapter 4 Physics: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Force
Friction
Mass
Weight
A push or a pull exerted on an object, measured in newtons.
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The force upon an object due to gravity.
Force
A push or a pull exerted on an object, measured in newtons.
Friction
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
16 terms
Physics Chapter 4 newtons laws
Kinematics is the study of ___________…
Dynamics is the study of _____________…
a push or pull, the cause of accelerat…
what force involves physical contact?
how
why
force
contact forces
Kinematics is the study of ___________…
how
Dynamics is the study of _____________…
why
77 terms
Physics Chapter 4-Newton's Laws of Motion
Force:
The force of gravity on an object, cal…
weight=mass x _______
baseball bat hitting a ball, gravity,…
a push or pull
W
gravity
push or a pull.
Force:
a push or pull
The force of gravity on an object, cal…
W
21 terms
Chapter 4: Newton's 1st Law of Motion (Physics)
Aristotle
Galileo
acceleration
inertia
Person whose theory was that objects move according to nature…
Person who came up with the theory that Earth and other plane…
Vector quantity with speed and direction, positive or negativ…
Tendency for an object to resist changes in motion (borrowed…
Aristotle
Person whose theory was that objects move according to nature…
Galileo
Person who came up with the theory that Earth and other plane…
13 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 4: Newton's 1st Law - Inertia
equilibrium
force
friction
inertia
The state of a body in which no net force acts on it
An influence that tends to accelerate an object; a push or pu…
The force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…
The reluctance of a body to change its state of motion.
equilibrium
The state of a body in which no net force acts on it
force
An influence that tends to accelerate an object; a push or pu…
77 terms
Physics Chapter 4-Newton's Laws of Motion
Force:
The force of gravity on an object, cal…
weight=mass x _______
baseball bat hitting a ball, gravity,…
a push or pull
W
gravity
push or a pull.
Force:
a push or pull
The force of gravity on an object, cal…
W
12 terms
Conceptual Physics Chapter 4: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Force
Friction
Mass
Weight
A push or a pull exerted on an object, measured in newtons.
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The force upon an object due to gravity.
Force
A push or a pull exerted on an object, measured in newtons.
Friction
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
43 terms
Physics chapter 4: forces and laws of motion
Force
Types of forces
Contact force
Field force
Action on an object that may change its state of rest or motion
Contact and field
A force with an actual touch, example push or pull
Action at a distance-gravity electromagnetic forces, strong n…
Force
Action on an object that may change its state of rest or motion
Types of forces
Contact and field
11 terms
Chapter 4 Physics: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Force
Friction
Mass
Weight
A push or a pull exerted on an object, measured in newtons.
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The force upon an object due to gravity.
Force
A push or a pull exerted on an object, measured in newtons.
Friction
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
16 terms
Chapter 4: Newton's 1st Law - Conceptual Physics
equilibrium
force
friction
inertia
The state of a body in which no net force acts on it
An influence that tends to accelerate an object; a push or pu…
The force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…
The reluctance of a body to change its state of motion.
equilibrium
The state of a body in which no net force acts on it
force
An influence that tends to accelerate an object; a push or pu…
18 terms
Chapter 4- The Laws Of Motion- Physical Science
The downward force exerted on an objec…
When an object moves in a circular pat…
The statement "every reaction there is…
In the equation, p=mv, p represents
Gravity
Centripetal Force
Newton's Third Law Of Motion
Momentum
The downward force exerted on an objec…
Gravity
When an object moves in a circular pat…
Centripetal Force
18 terms
Physics Chapter 4: Newton's Laws
apparent weight
drag force
equilibrium
free-body diagram
The support force acting on an object
The force exerted by a fluid on an object that opposes the ob…
The condition in which the net force on an object is zero
A physical model that represents the forces acting on a system
apparent weight
The support force acting on an object
drag force
The force exerted by a fluid on an object that opposes the ob…
18 terms
Physics Chapter 4: Newton's Laws
apparent weight
drag force
equilibrium
free-body diagram
The support force acting on an object
The force exerted by a fluid on an object that opposes the ob…
The condition in which the net force on an object is zero
A physical model that represents the forces acting on a system
apparent weight
The support force acting on an object
drag force
The force exerted by a fluid on an object that opposes the ob…
23 terms
Chapter 4 Physics Vocabulary
Frictional force
Kinetic friction
Static friction
Drag
Any force that resists motion, it can only cause deceleration…
the force of friction on a sliding object. Proportional to th…
the force of friction on a stationary object, it increases wi…
the frictional force caused by moving through a fluid. Increa…
Frictional force
Any force that resists motion, it can only cause deceleration…
Kinetic friction
the force of friction on a sliding object. Proportional to th…
45 terms
Physics chapter 4 ( Newtons 1st law)
Greek scientist and divided motion int…
He did this because he realized that a…
This means that a force of some kind w…
he was an astronomer came up with the…
Who was Aristotle?
Why did Aristotle separate motion into violent and natural?
What does it mean when they stated "objects were moving again…
Who was Copernicus?
Greek scientist and divided motion int…
Who was Aristotle?
He did this because he realized that a…
Why did Aristotle separate motion into violent and natural?
13 terms
Conceptual Physics - Chapter 4: Newton's 1st Law
equilibrium
force
friction
inertia
The state of a body in which no net force acts on it
An influence that tends to accelerate an object; a push or pu…
The force that acts to resist the relative motion (or attempt…
The reluctance of a body to change its state of motion.
equilibrium
The state of a body in which no net force acts on it
force
An influence that tends to accelerate an object; a push or pu…
78 terms
Conceptual Physics--cba, Conceptual Physics (TESC) Chapter 3, Chapter 4: Newton's 1st Law - Conceptual Physics
Speed
Velocity
Vector quantity
Acceleration
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
Quantity in physics that has both magnitude and direction.
The rate at which velocity changes with time; the change in v…
Speed
How fast something moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
Velocity
The speed of an object and a specification of its direction o…
16 terms
Chapter 4: Forces and the Laws of Motion (Physics)
equilibrium
action-reaction forces
weight
normal force
the state in which there is no change in a body's motion
a pair of simultaneously equal but opposite forces resulting…
the magnitude of the force of gravity acting on an object
a force exerted by one object on another in a direction perpe…
equilibrium
the state in which there is no change in a body's motion
action-reaction forces
a pair of simultaneously equal but opposite forces resulting…
19 terms
Honors Physics: Chapter 4 Newton's Laws
Inertia
Newton's First Law of Motion
Force
Net Force
The tendancy of an object not to accelerate
An object at rest stays at rest. An object in motion stays in…
Physical change. Describes the interaction between the object…
The vector sum of all forces on an object.
Inertia
The tendancy of an object not to accelerate
Newton's First Law of Motion
An object at rest stays at rest. An object in motion stays in…
15 terms
Physics Vocabulary: Laws of Motion Chapter 4
Force
Net (unbalanced) force
Inertia
Newton (unit)
something capable of changing an object's state of motion (ve…
the resultant of all forces acting on an object
the natural tendency of an object to maintain a state of rest…
unit for force, a kilogram-meter per second squared
Force
something capable of changing an object's state of motion (ve…
Net (unbalanced) force
the resultant of all forces acting on an object
16 terms
physics chapter 4 forces and laws of motion
Newton's first law
Newton's third law
Newton's second law
mass
an object in motion will continue in a straight like @ consta…
for every action there in an equal but opposite reaction. tel…
F=ma, force = mass x acceleration
a measure of inertia
Newton's first law
an object in motion will continue in a straight like @ consta…
Newton's third law
for every action there in an equal but opposite reaction. tel…
43 terms
Physics chapter 4: forces and laws of motion
Force
Types of forces
Contact force
Field force
Action on an object that may change its state of rest or motion
Contact and field
A force with an actual touch, example push or pull
Action at a distance-gravity electromagnetic forces, strong n…
Force
Action on an object that may change its state of rest or motion
Types of forces
Contact and field
16 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 4: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Mass
Weight
Newton
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
The quantity of matter in an object.
The force due to gravity on an object.
The SI unit of force. One newton (symbol N) is the force that…
Friction
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
Mass
The quantity of matter in an object.
15 terms
Physics Chapter 4: Forces and the Laws of Motion Vocab
force
contact force
field force
force diagram
an action exerted on an object which may change the object's…
a force that results from physical contact
a force that can act at a distance because of the existence o…
a diagram that shows force vectors as arrows
force
an action exerted on an object which may change the object's…
contact force
a force that results from physical contact
27 terms
Physics- Chapter 4 (Forces and Laws of Motion)
force
weight
contact forces
field force
an action exerted on an object which may change the object's…
is a measure of magnitude of the gravitational force exerted…
pushes or pulls
does not involve physical contact; attraction or repulsion
force
an action exerted on an object which may change the object's…
weight
is a measure of magnitude of the gravitational force exerted…
17 terms
Holt Physics: Chapter 4 The Laws of Motion
Newton's Laws of Motion
Newton's First Law of Motion
Inertia
Newton's Second Law of Motion
A set of three laws developed by British scientist Sir Isaac…
The scientific law that states that an object at rest will st…
The tendency of an object to resist a change in it's motion.…
Describes the relationship between the net force, mass , and…
Newton's Laws of Motion
A set of three laws developed by British scientist Sir Isaac…
Newton's First Law of Motion
The scientific law that states that an object at rest will st…
37 terms
Chapter 4: Newton's Laws (Physics)
Dynamics
What is the name of Newtons first law…
Newtons First Law
What is the name of Newtons third law…
The study of how things move the way they move
The law of inertia
An object in motion wants to stay in motion at the same veloc…
The action reaction principle
Dynamics
The study of how things move the way they move
What is the name of Newtons first law…
The law of inertia
9 terms
Physics - Chapter 4 - Forces and the Laws of Motion
Force
Inertia
Net Force
Equilibrium
An action exerted on an object that may change the object's s…
The tendency of an object to resist being moved or, if the ob…
A single force whose external effects on a rigid body are the…
The state in which the net force on an object is zero
Force
An action exerted on an object that may change the object's s…
Inertia
The tendency of an object to resist being moved or, if the ob…
20 terms
Physics Chapter 4: Forces and the Laws of Motion
force
Newton (N)
Weight
Contact Forces
an action exerted on an object which may change the object's…
The SI unit of force, defined as the amount of force that, wh…
The measure of the magnitude of the gravitational force exert…
Push or pull forces, which are so named because they result f…
force
an action exerted on an object which may change the object's…
Newton (N)
The SI unit of force, defined as the amount of force that, wh…
Physics Chapter 4: Newton's Laws of Motion
force
Newton (N)
(kg * m)/s^2
ma
a push or pull of an object
SI unit of force
N =
F =
force
a push or pull of an object
Newton (N)
SI unit of force
39 terms
Honors Physics: Chapter 4: The Laws of Motion
Force
Fundamental Force of Nature
Strong Nuclear Force
Electromagnetic Force
push or pull, vector quantity, contract (touch) or force fiel…
all field forces:... 1) Strong Nuclear, 2) Electromagnetic, 3) W…
attractive force that holds the nuclei of atoms together; str…
long-ranged, but weak; attractive/repulsive between objects;…
Force
push or pull, vector quantity, contract (touch) or force fiel…
Fundamental Force of Nature
all field forces:... 1) Strong Nuclear, 2) Electromagnetic, 3) W…
26 terms
physics chapter 4-7 review newtons laws
a ball is dropped from a person's hand…
as a basketball player starts to jump…
every action there is equal and opposi…
the mag of the gravitational force act…
earth exerts a force on the ball; the ball exerts a force on…
Zero
3rd law of motion
weight
a ball is dropped from a person's hand…
earth exerts a force on the ball; the ball exerts a force on…
as a basketball player starts to jump…
Zero
10 terms
Physics Chapter 4 Newton's Laws
what is a force
name all of the types of forces
what is net force
an object at rest remains at rest or c…
an action exerted on an object which may change the object's…
applied force, gravity force, normal force, friction force, a…
the vector sum of all forces acting on an object
Newton's First Law
what is a force
an action exerted on an object which may change the object's…
name all of the types of forces
applied force, gravity force, normal force, friction force, a…
Physics Chapter 4: Newton's Laws
Definition of Dynamics
The name of Newton's 1st Law
Define Inertia
Give the statement for Newton's 1st Law
The study of why things move
The Law of Inertia
Reluctance to change
Objects in motion tend to stay in motion at the same velocity…
Definition of Dynamics
The study of why things move
The name of Newton's 1st Law
The Law of Inertia
12 terms
Physics Chapter 4: Forces and Laws of Motion
force
a force can be a:
newton
contact forces
cause of an acceleration or the change in an object's velocity
push, pull, pressure
force needed to accelerate 1 kg of mass by 1 m/s^2
the force that arises from the physical contact of two objects
force
cause of an acceleration or the change in an object's velocity
a force can be a:
push, pull, pressure
32 terms
Chapter 4 Physics Forces and Laws of Motion
Force
Three effects of forces
Is force a vector?
Two types of forces
A push or pull that can cause a change in the state of motion…
Stop, start, speed up/slow down
Yes, it has both magnitude and direction. It's an interaction…
Contact, field
Force
A push or pull that can cause a change in the state of motion…
Three effects of forces
Stop, start, speed up/slow down
12 terms
Physics: A first course--Chapter 4: Conservation Laws
Newton's third law
action, reaction
momentum
impulse
whenever one object exerts a force on another, the second obj…
the equal and opposite forces which comprise the action-react…
the mass of an object multiplied by its velocity
the product of force and time that causes change in momentum
Newton's third law
whenever one object exerts a force on another, the second obj…
action, reaction
the equal and opposite forces which comprise the action-react…
30 terms
Physics chapter 4: Forces and the Laws of Motion
Force
Examples of forces
Si unit for force
What is the weight of an object?
Push or pull; causes change in motion; describes interactions…
Moving from stationary... Stopping... Changing direction
Newton (N)... Amount of force necessary when acting on s 1 kg ma…
Is when the measure of gravitational force is exerted on an o…
Force
Push or pull; causes change in motion; describes interactions…
Examples of forces
Moving from stationary... Stopping... Changing direction
20 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 4: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Mass
Weight
Kilogram
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The force due to gravity on an object.
The fundamental SI unit of mass. One kilogram (symbol kg) is…
Friction
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
Mass
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
27 terms
Physics Chapter 4: Forces and the Laws of Motion
Which of the following is the cause of…
Which of the following forces arises f…
A newton is equivalent to what quantity?
Which of the following is the tendency…
force
contact force
kgm/s (squared)
inertia
Which of the following is the cause of…
force
Which of the following forces arises f…
contact force
27 terms
Physics Chapter 4: Forces and the Laws of Motion
Which of the following is the cause of…
Which of the following forces arises f…
A newton is equivalent to what quantity?
Which of the following is the tendency…
force
contact force
kgm/s (squared)
inertia
Which of the following is the cause of…
force
Which of the following forces arises f…
contact force
10 terms
Chapter 4 The Laws of Motion
momentum
second law of motion
third law of motion
weight
property of a moving object that equals its mass times its ve…
states that the acceleration of an object is in the same dire…
states that when one object exerts a force on a second object…
gravitational force exerted on an object.
momentum
property of a moving object that equals its mass times its ve…
second law of motion
states that the acceleration of an object is in the same dire…
60 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4, The Laws of Motion
Force
inertia
ma
Gravitational
Defined as: an object in motion stays in motion unless acted…
_________ is the tendency of an object to resist a change in…
Defined as: net force acting on an object causes the object t…
Force that occurs between any two objects
Force
Defined as: an object in motion stays in motion unless acted…
inertia
_________ is the tendency of an object to resist a change in…
20 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 4: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Mass
Weight
Kilogram
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The force due to gravity on an object.
The fundamental SI unit of mass. One kilogram (symbol kg) is…
Friction
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
Mass
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
50 terms
Physics I - Chapter 4
Displacement
Distance
Motion
Instantaneous Speed
the straight line distance from the starting point to the end…
the total amount traveled; a scalar
A change in position
How fast an object is moving at a given moment in time; a sca…
Displacement
the straight line distance from the starting point to the end…
Distance
the total amount traveled; a scalar
13 terms
Physics chapter 4 vocabulary
equilibrium
force
friction
inertia
A state of balance
A push or a pull
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
(physics) the tendency of a body to maintain is state of rest…
equilibrium
A state of balance
force
A push or a pull
24 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 4: Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Mass
Weight
Kilogram
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
The force due to gravity on an object.
The fundamental SI unit of mass. One kilogram (symbol kg) is…
Friction
The resistive force that opposes the motion or attempted moti…
Mass
The quantity of matter in an object. More specifically, it is…
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