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Study sets matching "physics final exam chapter 4 physical science"

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Study sets matching "physics final exam chapter 4 physical science"

11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
mixture
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
colloid
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
a mixture that appears to be the same throughout
a homogeneous mixture with particles permanently suspended
mixture
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
heterogeneous mixture
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Dalton's Theory
nucleus
Subatomic Particles
proton
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
the central core of the atom
Three types of tiny particles that make up an atom
one of the POSITIVELY charged particles in an atom's nucleus
Dalton's Theory
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
nucleus
the central core of the atom
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
4 contact forces
3 Field Forces
4 types of friction
Free fall
Compression... Tension... Torsion... Shear
Gravity... Electric... Magnetic
Static... Kinetic... Fluid... Rolling
Objects that fall due to gravity alone with no other forces a…
4 contact forces
Compression... Tension... Torsion... Shear
3 Field Forces
Gravity... Electric... Magnetic
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Ion
Bond
Valence Electron
Formula
A charged atom
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
a combination of symbols that shows the ratio of elements in…
Ion
A charged atom
Bond
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
24 terms
BJU Physical Science - Chapter 4
mechanics
kinematics
dynamics
statics
modern study of motion
the description of HOW things move
the description of WHAT causes things to move
the description of how stationary objects react to pushes and…
mechanics
modern study of motion
kinematics
the description of HOW things move
44 terms
Chapter 4 Physical Science: Atoms
electron
nucleus
atom
Democritus
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Center of an atom
Smallest particle of an element
Greek philosopher that said all matter is made of tiny partic…
electron
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
nucleus
Center of an atom
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Motion
Speed
Speed equation
average speed
instantaneous speed
describes how quickly an object moves, calculated by dividing…
the total distance divided by the total time for a trip.
the actual speed of a moving object at any moment
Speed
describes how quickly an object moves, calculated by dividing…
Speed equation
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
acceleration
average speed
coordinate axis
displacement
the rate of change of the speed or velocity of a system durin…
the average rate of motion over a time interval that accounts…
an imaginary line that contains an origin as a point of refer…
a quantity that describes the net distance and direction of m…
acceleration
the rate of change of the speed or velocity of a system durin…
average speed
the average rate of motion over a time interval that accounts…
28 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 4 - Energy
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
mechanical energy
the ability to do work or cause change
the energy of a MOVING object
stored energy due to the position of an object
energy associated with motion and position of an object. ME =…
energy
the ability to do work or cause change
kinetic energy
the energy of a MOVING object
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
______ is the ability to cause change
energy is measured in _____
when you are on a swing your potential…
lowering an object ______ its potentia…
energy
joules
highest
decreases
______ is the ability to cause change
energy
energy is measured in _____
joules
16 terms
Physical Science -- Chapter 4
work
machine
simple machine
compound machine
transfer of energy when a force is applied over a distance; m…
device that makes doing work easier by increasing the force a…
machine that does work with only one movement
machine that is a combination of two or more simple machines
work
transfer of energy when a force is applied over a distance; m…
machine
device that makes doing work easier by increasing the force a…
37 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
atom
electron
nucleus
proton
the smallest particle of an element
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
the central core of the atom
one of the positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus
atom
the smallest particle of an element
electron
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
Physical Science-Chapter 4
nucleus
proton
electron
neutron
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of t…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
nucleus
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of t…
proton
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
36 terms
Physical Science chapter 4
work
work= force x distance
machine
simple machine
transfer of energy when a force makes an object move; for ___…
equation for work (work measured in joules)
device that makes work easier
machine that does work with only one movement
work
transfer of energy when a force makes an object move; for ___…
work= force x distance
equation for work (work measured in joules)
Physical Science Chapter 4
atom
electron
nucleus
proton
the smallest particle of an element
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
the central core of the atom
one of the positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus
atom
the smallest particle of an element
electron
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
31 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
How do machines make WORK easier or fa…
Define WORK:
What is the work equation?
What is a simple machine ?
By CHANGING the FORCE needed to do the work
FORCE applied through a DISTANCE
W = Fd... Work = force x distance
A machine that does work with only ONE movement
How do machines make WORK easier or fa…
By CHANGING the FORCE needed to do the work
Define WORK:
FORCE applied through a DISTANCE
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Motion
Speed
Speed equation
average speed
instantaneous speed
describes how quickly an object moves, calculated by dividing…
the total distance divided by the total time for a trip.
the actual speed of a moving object at any moment
Speed
describes how quickly an object moves, calculated by dividing…
Speed equation
24 terms
Chapter 4 Energy Physical Science
energy
Name the four different forms of energy
kinetic energy
What is the SI unit for energy?
the ability to cause change
electrical, chemical, radiant, thermal
the energy of motion which depends on mass and speed
It is measured in joules.
energy
the ability to cause change
Name the four different forms of energy
electrical, chemical, radiant, thermal
20 terms
Chapter 4 Physical Science
mechanics
kinematics
dynamics
statics
the modern study of motion
the description of how things move
the description of what causes things to move
the description of how stationary things react to pushes and…
mechanics
the modern study of motion
kinematics
the description of how things move
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
element
pure substances
metals
nonmetals
A pure substance that cannot be broken down or separated in s…
A substance in which there is only one type of particle, whic…
Elements that are shiny, good conductors of heat and electric…
Elements that are dull and are poor conductors of heat and el…
element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down or separated in s…
pure substances
A substance in which there is only one type of particle, whic…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
2 conditions that define work
machine
simple machine
3 ways machines make work easier
1. change in position... 2. applied force
device that makes work easier
one with only one or two parts
1. can increase the amount of force a person exerts... 2. can ch…
2 conditions that define work
1. change in position... 2. applied force
machine
device that makes work easier
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
element
pure substance
characteristic properties
metals
...
...
...
...
element
...
pure substance
...
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Which particles are found in the nucle…
What is the atomic number?
What are isotopes?
In an atom, the number of electrons is…
Neutrons and protons
The number of protons in an atom
Atoms with the same number of protons but different number of…
Protons
Which particles are found in the nucle…
Neutrons and protons
What is the atomic number?
The number of protons in an atom
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Crystalline Solids
Amorphous Solids
Liquid
Fluid
Particles form a regular, repeating pattern which create crys…
Particles are not arranged in a regular pattern.
Has a definite volume but no shape of its own
Particles that able to freely move which allow a substance to…
Crystalline Solids
Particles form a regular, repeating pattern which create crys…
Amorphous Solids
Particles are not arranged in a regular pattern.
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
nucleus
Dalton
Thomson
Rutherford
is a dense, positively charged mass located in the center of…
he proposed the theory that all matter is made up of individu…
his experiments provided the first evidence that atoms are ma…
he says all of an atoms positive charge is concentrated in it…
nucleus
is a dense, positively charged mass located in the center of…
Dalton
he proposed the theory that all matter is made up of individu…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Symbol
Periodic Table
Isotope
Deuterium
One or two letters that represent the name of an element
An arrangement of elements by increasing atomic number
One of a group of atoms of an element with the same number of…
An isotope of hydrogen that has one proton and one neutron
Symbol
One or two letters that represent the name of an element
Periodic Table
An arrangement of elements by increasing atomic number
14 terms
Chapter 4 Physical science
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Joules
Potential energy
Every change that occurs
An energy in the form of motion ... KE= 1/2 mass * velocity ^2
Si unit of energy (j)
Stored energy
Energy
Every change that occurs
Kinetic Energy
An energy in the form of motion ... KE= 1/2 mass * velocity ^2
26 terms
Physical Science chapter 4
Matter
Mass
Atom
Protons
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of matter in any object
the smallest unit of an element
particles that have a positive charge
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
the amount of matter in any object
24 terms
BJU Physical Science - Chapter 4
mechanics
kinematics
dynamics
statics
modern study of motion
the description of HOW things move
the description of WHAT causes things to move
the description of how stationary objects react to pushes and…
mechanics
modern study of motion
kinematics
the description of HOW things move
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
speed
average speed
instantaneous speed
velocity
describes how quickly an object moves
the total distance divided by the total time for a trip
the actual speed of a moving object at any moment
a variable that tells you both speed and direction
speed
describes how quickly an object moves
average speed
the total distance divided by the total time for a trip
12 terms
Chapter 4 Physical Science
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass Number
Proton
Neutron
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom
has a positive electric charge
does not have an electric charge
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Atomic Mass Number
total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom
10 terms
Chapter 4 Physical Science
ion
ionic bond
polyatomic ion
crystal
An atom or group of atoms that is electrically charged.
The attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
An ion that is made of more of more than one atom.
An orderly, three- dimensional pattern of ions of atoms in a…
ion
An atom or group of atoms that is electrically charged.
ionic bond
The attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
13 terms
Physical Science (Chapter 4)
Magnet
Magnetism
Pole
Attract
an object able to pull some metals towards itself
a force created by magnets that pulls some metals
part of the magnet where the force is strongest
to pull forward
Magnet
an object able to pull some metals towards itself
Magnetism
a force created by magnets that pulls some metals
17 terms
Physical Science-Chapter 4
Atom
Dalton
Atomic Theory
J.J. Thomson
Basic unit of matter.... Smallest particle of an element
Developed the Atomic Theory
A theory that states that all matter is composed of tiny part…
Used the cathode ray tube to discover electrons. ... Plum Puddin…
Atom
Basic unit of matter.... Smallest particle of an element
Dalton
Developed the Atomic Theory
12 terms
IACS Physical Science - Chapter 4
Kinetic Energy
Joule (J)
Potential Energy
Elastic Potential Energy
Energy a moving object has because of its motion; depends on…
SI unit of energy. (J)
Stored energy an object has due to its position.
Energy stored when an object is compressed or stretched.
Kinetic Energy
Energy a moving object has because of its motion; depends on…
Joule (J)
SI unit of energy. (J)
27 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
1.Atoms
3.Dalton's Atomic Theory
4.Law of Definite Proportions
6.Electrons
- The smallest unit of an element that keeps the element's ch…
- States that all atoms of a given element are exactly alike,…
- A chemical compound always contains the same elements in ex…
- Negatively charged particles inside the atom.
1.Atoms
- The smallest unit of an element that keeps the element's ch…
3.Dalton's Atomic Theory
- States that all atoms of a given element are exactly alike,…
27 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 4
Natural Philosophers
Greek philosophers believed that matte…
What kept the Greeks from conceiving t…
mechanics
early scientists who studied all aspects of the physical world
motivated
their presuppositions
modern study of motion
Natural Philosophers
early scientists who studied all aspects of the physical world
Greek philosophers believed that matte…
motivated
24 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 4
mechanics
kinematics
dynamics
statics
modern study of motion
the description of HOW things move
the description of WHAT causes things to move
the description of how stationary objects react to pushes and…
mechanics
modern study of motion
kinematics
the description of HOW things move
69 terms
Physical science chapter 4
Democritus
Democritus called the small particles
Atoms come from the Greek word
Aristotle
Ancient Greek philosopher who believed that all matter consis…
Atoms
Atomos- uncut or invinsible
Another Greek philosopher that disagreed with Democritus' ide…
Democritus
Ancient Greek philosopher who believed that all matter consis…
Democritus called the small particles
Atoms
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Valence Electrons
Electron Dot Diagram
Chemical Bond
Ion
Electrons on the outermost energy level of an atom
A model of an atom in which each dot represents the number of…
the force that holds two atoms together
A charged atom
Valence Electrons
Electrons on the outermost energy level of an atom
Electron Dot Diagram
A model of an atom in which each dot represents the number of…
37 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
atom
electron
nucleus
proton
the smallest particle of an element
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
the central core of the atom
one of the positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus
atom
the smallest particle of an element
electron
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
13 terms
Conceptual Physical Science [Chapter 4]
ellipse
escape speed
inverse-square law
law of universal gravitation
The oval path followed by a satellite. The sum of the distanc…
The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…
The intensity of an effect from a localized source spreads un…
Every object in the universe attracts every other object
ellipse
The oval path followed by a satellite. The sum of the distanc…
escape speed
The speed that a projectile, space probe, or similar object m…
10 terms
BJU Physical Science - Chapter 4
mechanics
kinematics
System
frame of reference
modern study of motion
the description of HOW things move
a mental boundary that clearly defines the limits of the proc…
the geometric space containing the point of reference (the st…
mechanics
modern study of motion
kinematics
the description of HOW things move
40 terms
Physical Science- Chapter 4
atomos
Aristole
Democritus
John Dalton
Greek word for atom- means not able to be divided, uncut or i…
A Greek philosopher that thought that the all substances were…
(460-370 BCE) A Greek philosopher who theorized that all matt…
English chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory an…
atomos
Greek word for atom- means not able to be divided, uncut or i…
Aristole
A Greek philosopher that thought that the all substances were…
56 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Physical Change
Chemical Change
A property that can be observed and measured without changing…
A property that describes how matter will react and change in…
A change in a material that does not alter its identity
A change in a material that alters its identity
Physical Property
A property that can be observed and measured without changing…
Chemical Property
A property that describes how matter will react and change in…
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
matter -
solid -
liquid -
viscosity -
anything that takes up space and has mass.
matter with a definite shape and volume.
matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape that…
how much a liquid resists flowing.
matter -
anything that takes up space and has mass.
solid -
matter with a definite shape and volume.
16 terms
Pryor Physical Science Chapter 4
compound machine
efficiency
machine
mechanical advantage
a machine made of more than one simple machine
The percentage of input work that is converted to output work
a device that helps do work by either overcoming a force or c…
A quantity that expresses how much a machine multiplies force…
compound machine
a machine made of more than one simple machine
efficiency
The percentage of input work that is converted to output work
Physical Science Chapter 4
atom
electron
nucleus
proton
the smallest particle of an element
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
the central core of the atom
one of the positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus
atom
the smallest particle of an element
electron
one of the negatively charged particles outside an atom's nuc…
19 terms
Physical science chapter 4
joule
Kinetic energy
potential energy
Radiant energy
Si unit of energy, created by James Prescott Joule
energy of motion
energy associated with the forces acting upon an object
visible light and other phenomena
joule
Si unit of energy, created by James Prescott Joule
Kinetic energy
energy of motion
28 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 4 Vocab
electron
nucleus
proton
neutron
a subatomic particle that has negative charge
an atom's central region, which is made up of protons and neu…
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is l…
a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is located i…
electron
a subatomic particle that has negative charge
nucleus
an atom's central region, which is made up of protons and neu…
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