Study sets matching "physics final exam"

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Study sets matching "physics final exam"

8 terms
Physics
Newton Unit
Force
Motion
Interacting
A unit of force equal to the force that imparts an accelerati…
A push or a pull
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
occurs as two or more objects have an effect upon one another
Newton Unit
A unit of force equal to the force that imparts an accelerati…
Force
A push or a pull
Physics
Electrical Power =
Voltage =
Charge =
Average Speed =
current x voltage
current x resistance
current x time
distance / time
Electrical Power =
current x voltage
Voltage =
current x resistance
Physics
friction
force
static
kinetic
one thing rubbing against another
power pushing or pulling on something
no change or movement
moving
friction
one thing rubbing against another
force
power pushing or pulling on something
82 terms
Physics
Electrical Power =
Voltage =
Charge =
Average Speed =
current x voltage
current x resistance
current x time
distance / time
Electrical Power =
current x voltage
Voltage =
current x resistance
Physics
Newton Unit
Force
Motion
Interacting
A unit of force equal to the force that imparts an accelerati…
A push or a pull
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
occurs as two or more objects have an effect upon one another
Newton Unit
A unit of force equal to the force that imparts an accelerati…
Force
A push or a pull
24 terms
Physics
position
distance
displacement
average speed
An objects location
How far something has moved from point A to point B
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
position
An objects location
distance
How far something has moved from point A to point B
15 terms
Physics
Force
Interaction
Component
System
A push or a pull in a specific direction
When two objects affect each other in some way
One part of a group of objects that, together, form a complet…
A collection of components that interact with each other
Force
A push or a pull in a specific direction
Interaction
When two objects affect each other in some way
Physics
Best-fit line
Proportional graph
Systematic error
Random error
Line that passes through all the error bars.
STRAIGHT LINE that passes through ALL THE ERROR BARS and THE…
Is when every data point deviates from the "correct" value by…
Is when every data point deviates from the "correct" value by…
Best-fit line
Line that passes through all the error bars.
Proportional graph
STRAIGHT LINE that passes through ALL THE ERROR BARS and THE…
16 terms
Physics
sound
vibration
vaccuum
supersonic
vibration of particles of matter that travel from one place t…
back and forth movement of molecules (that produce sound)
empty space; where no matter exsists
Motion that moves faster than the speed of sound in air
sound
vibration of particles of matter that travel from one place t…
vibration
back and forth movement of molecules (that produce sound)
physics
vector addition graphically
vector addition mathematically
sohcahtoa
equilibrium
tip(head)-tail end until all vectors are used then connect th…
x-components are added to form the x-component of the resulta…
sine=o/h cosine=
when the net force on an object it zero. there is no accelera…
vector addition graphically
tip(head)-tail end until all vectors are used then connect th…
vector addition mathematically
x-components are added to form the x-component of the resulta…
physics
Acceleration
Average speed
Constant acceleration
Distance
The rate at which velocity changes.
The total distance traveled divided by the time it takes to t…
A steady change in velocity.
The length of the path between two points.
Acceleration
The rate at which velocity changes.
Average speed
The total distance traveled divided by the time it takes to t…
82 terms
Physics
Electrical Power =
Voltage =
Charge =
Average Speed =
current x voltage
current x resistance
current x time
distance / time
Electrical Power =
current x voltage
Voltage =
current x resistance
Physics
acceleration
speed
velocity
momentum
the rate of change of the velocity of an object
the rate at which someone or something is able to move or ope…
the speed of something in a given direction
the quantity of motion of a moving body, measured as a produc…
acceleration
the rate of change of the velocity of an object
speed
the rate at which someone or something is able to move or ope…
151 terms
Physics
What is Coulomb's Law and what does it…
What is the value of Coulomb's constant?
If you have 3 point charges q₁, q₂, an…
What is the formula to get the strengt…
|F| = k |q₁q₂| / r² ... The electric force between two particle…
k = 9 X 10⁹ N X m² / C²
F (on 2) = F (1 on 2) + (F3 on 2)
E = F (on q) / q ... This is as vector. So if you have a point…
What is Coulomb's Law and what does it…
|F| = k |q₁q₂| / r² ... The electric force between two particle…
What is the value of Coulomb's constant?
k = 9 X 10⁹ N X m² / C²
Physics
In a digital image, many bits per pixe…
Mirror image artifact appears at a dee…
Spatial resolution, or image detail, i…
Compensation
Non-linear behavior creates both tissue and contrast harmonices
Harmful bio-effects are commonly observed in normal cavitation
While supine, the hydro static pressure at the ankle is 0 sin…
Receiver function used to create similar brightness reflectio…
In a digital image, many bits per pixe…
Non-linear behavior creates both tissue and contrast harmonices
Mirror image artifact appears at a dee…
Harmful bio-effects are commonly observed in normal cavitation
Physics
Scalar
Vector
SI units - basic/fundamental
SI units - derived
a quantity that can be fully specified by magnitude alone - e…
a quantity that requires both magnitude and direction to be f…
length, metre, time, second
mass, kilogram, velocity, m/s, acceleration, m/s^2
Scalar
a quantity that can be fully specified by magnitude alone - e…
Vector
a quantity that requires both magnitude and direction to be f…
23 terms
Physics
KINETIC THEORY
KINETIC ENERGY
SOLIDS
LIQUIDS
States that everything is made of tiny particles. The arrange…
The energy an object has because it is moving.
-Particles are held closely together by strong bonds... -Atoms v…
-Bond between particles is less strong... -Particles still close…
KINETIC THEORY
States that everything is made of tiny particles. The arrange…
KINETIC ENERGY
The energy an object has because it is moving.
Physics
Electrical Power =
Voltage =
Charge =
Average Speed =
current x voltage
current x resistance
current x time
distance / time
Electrical Power =
current x voltage
Voltage =
current x resistance
14 terms
Physics
Frame of Reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
A system of objects that are not moving in respect to others.
movement in relation to frame of reference
The length of a path between two points
A quantity that has a direction associated with it
Frame of Reference
A system of objects that are not moving in respect to others.
Relative Motion
movement in relation to frame of reference
Physics
Absolute Uncertainties
Fractional Uncertainties
Percentage Uncertainties
Powers Uncertainties
Difference between the average and the original values (e.g.…
Difference from average/average measurement
(Difference from average/average measurement) x 100
if y= a^n then the uncertainty would be n(difference from ave…
Absolute Uncertainties
Difference between the average and the original values (e.g.…
Fractional Uncertainties
Difference from average/average measurement
29 terms
Physics
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Energy Transformation
The ability of a system to do work. Energy is required for ch…
Energy that is stored in a system or object.
Energy of motion
Change of energy from one form to another.
Energy
The ability of a system to do work. Energy is required for ch…
Potential Energy
Energy that is stored in a system or object.
28 terms
Physics
Electrical Power =
Voltage =
Charge =
Average Speed =
current x voltage
current x resistance
current x time
distance / time
Electrical Power =
current x voltage
Voltage =
current x resistance
38 terms
Physics
sound
vibration
compression
rarefaction
vibration of particles of matter that travel from one place t…
back and forth movement of molecules (that produce sound)
an area where the particles in a medium are spaced close toge…
an area where the particles in a medium are spaced far apart
sound
vibration of particles of matter that travel from one place t…
vibration
back and forth movement of molecules (that produce sound)
42 terms
Physics
Electrostatics
Electrostatics... The Principle of Superp…
Electrostatics... Electric Potential
Electrostatics... Electrical Potential En…
The study of stationary electric charges or fields as opposed…
The net electric force on a charge (q) due to a collection of…
k = Q/r ... Q= point source charge... r = distance from Q ... Positi…
Symbol: U, Units: J or 1 eV = 1.6x10^-19 J,... Energy due to po…
Electrostatics
The study of stationary electric charges or fields as opposed…
Electrostatics... The Principle of Superp…
The net electric force on a charge (q) due to a collection of…
48 terms
Physics
Renewable Sources of Energy
Mention the Renewable Sources of Energy
Advantages of Renewable Sources of Ene…
Disadvantages of Renewable Sources of…
- Energy sources generated from natural resources... - Can be…
- Solar,... - Wind,... - Tidal, ... - Hydroelectric,... - Geothermal,... - B…
- Can be used more than once... - Infinite... - Cause no pollution
- Inefficient sources of energy... - Not reliable
Renewable Sources of Energy
- Energy sources generated from natural resources... - Can be…
Mention the Renewable Sources of Energy
- Solar,... - Wind,... - Tidal, ... - Hydroelectric,... - Geothermal,... - B…
23 terms
Physics
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
Force
Distance/Time... The distance you travel divided by the amount o…
Speed in a given direction
the rate at which velocity changes
A push or a pull
Speed
Distance/Time... The distance you travel divided by the amount o…
Velocity
Speed in a given direction
43 terms
Physics
Law of Conservation of Energy
Radiant energy
Electrical energy
Mechanical energy
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be transferred…
energy that travels in electromagnetic waves (heat, solar, li…
energy of electron currents moving in conductors (wires)
energy due to motion or position of matter
Law of Conservation of Energy
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be transferred…
Radiant energy
energy that travels in electromagnetic waves (heat, solar, li…
71 terms
Physics
Constant velocity
Kinematic equation 1
Kinematic equation 2
Kinematic equation 3
Constant velocity
Kinematic equation 1
Physics
constant/zero velocity
total distance traveled (projectile mo…
speed vs. velocity
force required to lift object with n p…
no net force; object is not accelerating
if object returns to same height: solve for t when Vy=0, mult…
speed = distance/time; velocity = displacement/time so veloci…
1/n x (weight + m x a)
constant/zero velocity
no net force; object is not accelerating
total distance traveled (projectile mo…
if object returns to same height: solve for t when Vy=0, mult…
32 terms
Physics
Force
Newtons (N)
Applied Force
Normal Force (perpendicular)
A push or a pull.
Units used to measure Force.
A push or pull on an object.
A support force exerted on an object resting on a solid surfa…
Force
A push or a pull.
Newtons (N)
Units used to measure Force.
5 terms
Physics
Force
Inertia
Velocity
Accelaration
A fundamental physical quantity which changes or tends to cha…
The state of rest or of uniform motion in a straight line in…
The speed of an object considered along with the direction of…
The rate of change of velocity.
Force
A fundamental physical quantity which changes or tends to cha…
Inertia
The state of rest or of uniform motion in a straight line in…
76 terms
Physics
Galileo Galilei
Thomas Young
Christian Doppler
Lord Kelvin
-Father of physics... -Considered priesthood
-Learned 12 different languages by the age of 14... -Proposed th…
-Frequency of waves depend on the observer... -Parents were unsu…
-Developed temperature scale... -Brewed beer
Galileo Galilei
-Father of physics... -Considered priesthood
Thomas Young
-Learned 12 different languages by the age of 14... -Proposed th…
14 terms
Physics
Newton's 1st Law of Motion
Inertia
Physics
Force
The law of inertia
Resistance to change
The area of science that studies force, motion, matter and en…
An interaction between masses that causes change; generally a…
Newton's 1st Law of Motion
The law of inertia
Inertia
Resistance to change
12 terms
Physics
Matter
Element
compound
mixture
anything that has mass and takes up space
the simplest pure substances and they cannot be further broke…
a pure substance made of two or more elements combined in a s…
two or more substances elements compounds or both that are in…
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
the simplest pure substances and they cannot be further broke…
11 terms
Physics
working fluid
Newton's third law
thrust
propulsion
A liquid that is used to power a vehicle.
For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
to push forcibly; shove; put or drive with force.
The action of driving or pushing forward.
working fluid
A liquid that is used to power a vehicle.
Newton's third law
For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
18 terms
Physics
energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Force
(physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work
Gravitational energy, Energy that is stored and held in readi…
Energy of motion
A push or pull exerted on an object.
energy
(physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work
Potential Energy
Gravitational energy, Energy that is stored and held in readi…
Physics
Force
Net force
Friction
Mass
A vector quantity describing the push or pull on an object; m…
The vector sum of all forces acting on an object
A force that opposes motion
The quantity of matter an object contains; a measure of an ob…
Force
A vector quantity describing the push or pull on an object; m…
Net force
The vector sum of all forces acting on an object
31 terms
physics
How fast something is moving?
what is the SI unit for speed?
What does the word fast mean?
What does the word far mean?
speed
m/s km/s km/h
speed
distance
How fast something is moving?
speed
what is the SI unit for speed?
m/s km/s km/h
Physics
atom
electric current
equation
gravity
Basic unit of matter
a continuous flow of electric charge
A mathematical sentence that shows that two expressions are e…
A force that pulls objects towards each other
atom
Basic unit of matter
electric current
a continuous flow of electric charge
30 terms
Physics
What are the steps to Galileo's system…
Base unit for mass
In scientific notation the exponent in…
how well the results agree with an acc…
1. Observation... 2. Experimentation... 3. Analysis
kilogram
true
accuracy
What are the steps to Galileo's system…
1. Observation... 2. Experimentation... 3. Analysis
Base unit for mass
kilogram
24 terms
Physics
position
distance
displacement
average speed
An objects location
How far something has moved from point A to point B
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
position
An objects location
distance
How far something has moved from point A to point B
48 terms
PHYSICS
RECORDED DETAIL (CAN BE AFFECTED BY)
SID & DETAIL
OID & DETAIL
DISTORTION TYPES
SID, OID, FOCAL SPOT, & MOTION
DIRECTLY PROPORTIONAL (MORE DISTANCE = MORE DETAIL)
INDIRECTLY PROPORTIONAL (LESS DISTANCE = MORE DETAIL) LESS MA…
SHAPE (ELONGATION/FORSHORTENING)OR SIZE DISTORTION(MAGNIFICAT…
RECORDED DETAIL (CAN BE AFFECTED BY)
SID, OID, FOCAL SPOT, & MOTION
SID & DETAIL
DIRECTLY PROPORTIONAL (MORE DISTANCE = MORE DETAIL)
9 terms
Physics
position
distance
displacement
average speed
An objects location
How far something has moved from point A to point B d=s*t
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
position
An objects location
distance
How far something has moved from point A to point B d=s*t
27 terms
Physics
In the Gibbs free energy equation, des…
As ice crystals the molecules of water…
What was a major shortcoming of the Bo…
What is the major difference between t…
If the change in G is:... - = spontaneous... + = non-spontaneous... 0…
Entropy
It was not a correct description of the nature of the electro…
The Bohr model defines the electrons as moving around the nuc…
In the Gibbs free energy equation, des…
If the change in G is:... - = spontaneous... + = non-spontaneous... 0…
As ice crystals the molecules of water…
Entropy
24 terms
Physics
position
distance
displacement
average speed
An objects location
How far something has moved from point A to point B
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
position
An objects location
distance
How far something has moved from point A to point B
50 terms
Physics
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to cause change or to do work
the energy an object has due to its motion
stored energy that results from the position or shape of an o…
potential energy that depends upon an object's height
energy
the ability to cause change or to do work
kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to its motion
12 terms
Physics
Reference point
Distance
Position
Trajectory
An object, placed at the origin of a coordinate system, relat…
The lenght of the trajectory between the initial and the fina…
The separation between an object and its reference point. The…
The imaginary line an object is drawing while in motion.
Reference point
An object, placed at the origin of a coordinate system, relat…
Distance
The lenght of the trajectory between the initial and the fina…
11 terms
Physics
energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Force
(physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work
Gravitational energy, Energy that is stored and held in readi…
Energy of motion
A push or pull exerted on an object.
energy
(physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work
Potential Energy
Gravitational energy, Energy that is stored and held in readi…
14 terms
physics
x-axis
y-axis
Slope-Intercept Form
slope of a line
The horizontal axis of the coordinate plane.
The vertical axis of the coordinate plane.
y = mx + b where "m" is the slope and "b" is y-intercept
rise/run change in y/change in x
x-axis
The horizontal axis of the coordinate plane.
y-axis
The vertical axis of the coordinate plane.
50 terms
Physics
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to cause change or to do work
the energy an object has due to its motion
stored energy that results from the position or shape of an o…
potential energy that depends upon an object's height
energy
the ability to cause change or to do work
kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to its motion
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