How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "physics ib glossary"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "physics ib glossary"

294 terms
IB Physics HL Glossary
Measurement and uncertainties---UNIT 1
scalar
Fundmental units in SI system
Vector
...
a quantity with magnitude only eg. length
1. Length-metre-m... 2. Mass-kilogram-kg... 3. Time-second-s... 4. Ele…
a quantity with magnitude and direction eg. velocity
Measurement and uncertainties---UNIT 1
...
scalar
a quantity with magnitude only eg. length
193 terms
IB Physics HL Glossary
Fundamental Units
Derived Units
Accuracy
Precision
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
An indication of how close a measurement is to the accepted v…
An indication of the agreement among a number of measurements…
Fundamental Units
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
Derived Units
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
43 terms
IB Physics Glossary Continued
energy density
enhanced greenhouse effect
entropy
escape speed
the energy liberated per unit mass of fuel consumed, measured…
an increase in the greenhouse effect caused by human activiti…
a system property that expresses the degree of disorder in th…
the speed that an object needs to have at the surface of a pl…
energy density
the energy liberated per unit mass of fuel consumed, measured…
enhanced greenhouse effect
an increase in the greenhouse effect caused by human activiti…
48 terms
IB Physics Glossary of Terms
absolute uncertainty
absolute zero
absorption spectra
acceleration
a direct statement of the confidence limits of a reading
the extrapolated temperate at which the pressure and volume o…
the resulting spectrum when specific frequencies are preferen…
the rate of change of velocity in a particular r direction. v…
absolute uncertainty
a direct statement of the confidence limits of a reading
absolute zero
the extrapolated temperate at which the pressure and volume o…
18 terms
IB Physics Glossary
absolute uncertainty
absolute zero/temperature
absorption spectra
acceleration
a direct statement of the confidence limits of a reading
the extrapolated temperature at which the pressure and volume…
the resulting spectrum when a continuous spectrum of light is…
a vector quantity for the rate of change of velocity in a par…
absolute uncertainty
a direct statement of the confidence limits of a reading
absolute zero/temperature
the extrapolated temperature at which the pressure and volume…
280 terms
IB Physics HL Glossary (copy)
Measurement and uncertainties---UNIT 1
scalar
Fundmental units in SI system
Vector
...
a quantity with magnitude only eg. length
1. Length-metre-m... 2. Mass-kilogram-kg... 3. Time-second-s... 4. Ele…
a quantity with magnitude and direction eg. velocity
Measurement and uncertainties---UNIT 1
...
scalar
a quantity with magnitude only eg. length
18 terms
Physics IB glossary - electricity and magnetism
Coulomb's law
Current
Electric field
electric potential
F=k (Q₁Q₂/r²)... electric force between two point charges. ... also…
charge per unit time passing through cross-sectional area.
electric force per unit charge experienced by positive test c…
V=k(Q/r)... work per unit charge in bringing test charge from in…
Coulomb's law
F=k (Q₁Q₂/r²)... electric force between two point charges. ... also…
Current
charge per unit time passing through cross-sectional area.
39 terms
IB Physics Glossary Part 4
radioactive decay
radioactive half-life
random error
range of magnitude of distances
the spontaneous emission of ionizing radiations (alpha, beta,…
the time taken for the number of nuclei that are available to…
an error in experimental readings resulting from the readabil…
10³⁵
radioactive decay
the spontaneous emission of ionizing radiations (alpha, beta,…
radioactive half-life
the time taken for the number of nuclei that are available to…
42 terms
IB Physics Glossary Part 3
longitudinal waves
magnitude of magnetic field
magnification
Malus' law
waves involving oscillations that are in the same direction a…
Ƒ = qvBsinθ or Ƒ = BILsinθ
the ratio of the length of the image on the CCD to the length…
the relationship between incident and transmitted intensities…
longitudinal waves
waves involving oscillations that are in the same direction a…
magnitude of magnetic field
Ƒ = qvBsinθ or Ƒ = BILsinθ
11 terms
Physics IB glossary - electricity and magnetism
Coulomb's law
Current
Electric field
electric potential
F=k (Q₁Q₂/r²)... electric force between two point charges. ... also…
charge per unit time passing through cross-sectional area.
electric force per unit charge experienced by positive test c…
V=k(Q/r)... work per unit charge in bringing test charge from in…
Coulomb's law
F=k (Q₁Q₂/r²)... electric force between two point charges. ... also…
Current
charge per unit time passing through cross-sectional area.
39 terms
IB HL Physics - Glossary of Command Terms
Define
Label
Draw
List
Give the precise meaning if a word, phrase, concept or physic…
Add labels to a diagram.
Represent by means of a labeled, accurate diagram or graph, u…
Give a sequence of brief answers with no explanation.
Define
Give the precise meaning if a word, phrase, concept or physic…
Label
Add labels to a diagram.
20 terms
IB Physics HL Glossary 41-60
Thermal Energy ( Heat ) (Q)
Mole
Molar Mass
Avogadro constant
Energy transferred between two substances in... thermal contact…
An amount of a substance that contains the same number of ato…
The mass of one mole of a substance
The number of atoms in 0.012 kg of 12C ( = 6.02 x 1023).
Thermal Energy ( Heat ) (Q)
Energy transferred between two substances in... thermal contact…
Mole
An amount of a substance that contains the same number of ato…
33 terms
IB Glossary
Aggregate Demand
Allocative efficiency
Business Cycle
Circular Flow Model
The total value of all goods and services demanded in the eco…
Occurs at equilibrium. CS and PS are maximised.
Describes the fluctuations in economic activity in a country…
A macroeconomic model that explains how economic activity and…
Aggregate Demand
The total value of all goods and services demanded in the eco…
Allocative efficiency
Occurs at equilibrium. CS and PS are maximised.
12 terms
IB Glossary of Important Terms
bandwagon effect
antithesis
anaphora
analogy
when people do something primarily because the majority is do…
opposite; contrast; the placing of a sentence or one of its p…
The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of subseq…
a similarity between like features of two things, on which a…
bandwagon effect
when people do something primarily because the majority is do…
antithesis
opposite; contrast; the placing of a sentence or one of its p…
56 terms
IB Glossary
Abiotic factor
Biochemical oxygen demand
Biodegradable
Biomass
A non-living, physical factor that may influence an organism…
A measure of the amount of dissolved oxygen required to break…
Capable of being broken down by natural biological processes;…
The mass of organic material in organisms or ecosystems, usua…
Abiotic factor
A non-living, physical factor that may influence an organism…
Biochemical oxygen demand
A measure of the amount of dissolved oxygen required to break…
17 terms
IB Physics - Circuit Symbols
switch
cell
ac supply
voltmeter
switch
cell
167 terms
IB Physics SL Vocabulary
1- Fundamental Units
1- Derived Units
1- Accuracy
1- Precision
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
An indication of how close a measurement is to the accepted v…
An indication of the agreement among a number of measurements…
1- Fundamental Units
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
1- Derived Units
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
30 terms
IB Physics Topic 2
Newton's second law equation
Newton's 3rd Law
Translation
Rotation
F = m * A
When a force acts on a body an equal and opposite force acts…
The motion of an object when it's center of mass moves to a n…
The motion of an object the object spins on it's own center o…
Newton's second law equation
F = m * A
Newton's 3rd Law
When a force acts on a body an equal and opposite force acts…
24 terms
Physics Glossary
vector
scalar
magnitude
physical quantity
A vector is a physical quantity that has direction and magnit…
A scalar is a physical quantity that only has magnitude.
Magnitude means size or the number.
A physical quantity is something that can be measured, for ex…
vector
A vector is a physical quantity that has direction and magnit…
scalar
A scalar is a physical quantity that only has magnitude.
159 terms
IB SL Economics Glossary
Scarcity
Land
Labour
Capital
A situation where unlimited wants exist but the resources ava…
All natural resources, including all land
Physical and mental effort that people contribute to the prod…
Physical capital, man-made factor of production used to produ…
Scarcity
A situation where unlimited wants exist but the resources ava…
Land
All natural resources, including all land
575 terms
IB Business & Management Glossary
Above the line promotion
Abraham Maslow
Absorption cost pricing
Absorption costing
Promotion that is carried out through independent media that…
A theorist who classified the needs of employees of a firm in…
"A good is priced according to the proportion of direct and i…
"A method of costing where all the fixed costs (overheads) ge…
Above the line promotion
Promotion that is carried out through independent media that…
Abraham Maslow
A theorist who classified the needs of employees of a firm in…
167 terms
IB Physics Vocabulary Flashcards
1- Fundamental Units
1- Derived Units
1- Accuracy
1- Precision
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
An indication of how close a measurement is to the accepted v…
An indication of the agreement among a number of measurements…
1- Fundamental Units
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
1- Derived Units
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
33 terms
IB Chemistry Glossary
Thermochemistry
Law of conversation of energy
System
Surroundings
Study of energy and how it is interconverted
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed, only can be conv…
Where the chemical reaction is taking place i.e. reactants, p…
External to the reacting substances... i.e. apparatus, thermomet…
Thermochemistry
Study of energy and how it is interconverted
Law of conversation of energy
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed, only can be conv…
309 terms
IB HL Biology Glossary
Activation energy
Active site
Active transport
Adenine
Energy a substrate molecule must have before it can undergo a…
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
Movement of substances across a membrane involving a carrier…
A purine organic base, found in the coenzymes ATP and NADP an…
Activation energy
Energy a substrate molecule must have before it can undergo a…
Active site
Region of enzyme molecule where substrate molecule binds
21 terms
IB physics Unit 4
Example of Oscillation
Amplitude (x0)
Time period
Frequency
A swing
The maximum displacement from the equilibrium position
Time needed complete one full cycle
Number of oscillations produced per second.
Example of Oscillation
A swing
Amplitude (x0)
The maximum displacement from the equilibrium position
21 terms
IB Physics Topic 5
Equation relating the current, charge…
Equations relating voltage, current an…
Equation relating resistance, resistiv…
Equation relating power, current and v…
Equation relating the current, charge…
Equations relating voltage, current an…
83 terms
IB ESS Glossary
Abiotic Factor
Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
Biodegradable
Biomass
A non-living, physical factor that may influence an organism…
A measure of the amount of dissolved oxygen required to break…
Capable of being broken down by natural biological processes;…
The mass of organic material in organisms, or ecosystems, usu…
Abiotic Factor
A non-living, physical factor that may influence an organism…
Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
A measure of the amount of dissolved oxygen required to break…
10 terms
Physics Glossary
Conventional Current
Positive Terminal
Negative Terminal
Power
Current that flows from the positive side of the battery to t…
the place where conventional current flow emerges from a batt…
the place where conventional current flow enters a battery, i…
Rate of energy transfer, or rate at which work is preformed.…
Conventional Current
Current that flows from the positive side of the battery to t…
Positive Terminal
the place where conventional current flow emerges from a batt…
9 terms
IB Physics
thermal equilibrium
temperature
absolute temperature
interal energy
state of same temperature
scalar quantity, measured in Celsius/kelvin
zero kelvin at absolute zero (temp at which all matter has mi…
the total of the potential energy and the random KE of all of…
thermal equilibrium
state of same temperature
temperature
scalar quantity, measured in Celsius/kelvin
17 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 3
Equation relating thermal energy, mass…
Equation relating thermal energy, mass…
Equation relating pressure, force and…
Define specific heat capacity
the energy required to change the temperature (of a substance…
Equation relating thermal energy, mass…
Equation relating thermal energy, mass…
148 terms
Physics Glossary
Amplitude
Angle of Incidence
Antiparallel
Antiphase
Maximum displacement from the equilibrium position.
The angle between the direction of travel of an incident wave…
In the same line but opposite directions
Particles oscillating completely out of step with each other.
Amplitude
Maximum displacement from the equilibrium position.
Angle of Incidence
The angle between the direction of travel of an incident wave…
18 terms
Physics Glossary
Wave
Longitudinal/Compression Wave
Transverse Wave
Mechanical Wave
It is created as a vibration and it is a movement of energy t…
It is when a wave's frequency is increased. It is caused when…
A wave that moves the medium in a direction perpendicular (it…
A wave that is carried through material/a medium. They are wa…
Wave
It is created as a vibration and it is a movement of energy t…
Longitudinal/Compression Wave
It is when a wave's frequency is increased. It is caused when…
23 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 5
Equation relating the change in potent…
Equation relating the current, charge…
Equations relating voltage, current an…
Equation relating resistance, resistiv…
Equation relating the change in potent…
Equation relating the current, charge…
171 terms
IB Physics SL Definitions
Precision
Accuracy
Random Errors
Systematic Errors
A measurement is said to be precise if it has little random e…
A measurement is said to be accurate if it has little systema…
A random error, is an error which affects a reading at random.
A systematic error, is an error which occurs at each reading.
Precision
A measurement is said to be precise if it has little random e…
Accuracy
A measurement is said to be accurate if it has little systema…
253 terms
IB physics vocab and definitions
1. Fundamental Units
2. Derived Units
3. Accuracy
4. Precision
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
An indication of how close a measurement is to the accepted v…
An indication of the agreement among a number of measurements…
1. Fundamental Units
seven basic units of the SI measurement system: kilogram, sec…
2. Derived Units
units that are combinations of fundamental units. These combi…
13 terms
IB Business Management Glossary
Economies of Scale
Internal (Organic) Growth
External Growth
Merger
The cost advantage from a business expanding. This is when th…
The expansion of a business organisation from within. For exa…
Expanding a business by merging or taking over another busine…
An agreement between shareholders and managers of two busines…
Economies of Scale
The cost advantage from a business expanding. This is when th…
Internal (Organic) Growth
The expansion of a business organisation from within. For exa…
34 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 2
Equation of motion relating displaceme…
Equation of motion relating displaceme…
Equation of motion relating initial an…
Equation of motion relating initial an…
Equation of motion relating displaceme…
Equation of motion relating displaceme…
20 terms
IB Physics: Topic 7 - Atomic & Nuclear Physics
State the equation relating energy, ma…
Define nuclear binding energy
Define Unified mass unit
Define mass defect
The energy required to assemble / separate a nucleus from its…
1/12th the mass of a carbon-12 nucleus
Difference between mass of nucleus... and total mass of separate…
State the equation relating energy, ma…
Define nuclear binding energy
The energy required to assemble / separate a nucleus from its…
29 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 6
The equation relating force, mass and…
The equation relating force, charge an…
The equation relating gravitational fi…
The equation relating electric field s…
The equation relating force, mass and…
The equation relating force, charge an…
20 terms
IB Physics: Topic 7 - Atomic & Nuclear Physics
State the equation relating energy, ma…
Define nuclear binding energy
Define Unified mass unit
Define mass defect
The energy required to assemble / separate a nucleus from its…
1/12th the mass of a carbon-12 nucleus
Difference between mass of nucleus... and total mass of separate…
State the equation relating energy, ma…
Define nuclear binding energy
The energy required to assemble / separate a nucleus from its…
34 terms
DCB IB Physics Topic 4
Equation relating angular frequency an…
Equations describing the change in the…
Equation relating the velocity of a SH…
Equation describing the kinetic energy…
Equation relating angular frequency an…
Equations describing the change in the…
48 terms
IB Physics
Fundamental units
Distance
Displacement
Acceleration
Kelvin, meters, second, kilogram, mole, ampere
Total path length
Difference in position
Rate of change of velocity
Fundamental units
Kelvin, meters, second, kilogram, mole, ampere
Distance
Total path length
12 terms
Glossary Unit 1 elementary IB
to have business contacts
to greet somebody
let me introduce myself
exchange business card
mieć partnerów biznesowych
powitać kogoś
Pozwól, że się przedstawię
wymieniać się wizytówkami
to have business contacts
mieć partnerów biznesowych
to greet somebody
powitać kogoś
159 terms
IB SL Economics Glossary
Scarcity
Land
Labour
Capital
A situation where unlimited wants exist but the resources ava…
All natural resources, including all land
Physical and mental effort that people contribute to the prod…
Physical capital, man-made factor of production used to produ…
Scarcity
A situation where unlimited wants exist but the resources ava…
Land
All natural resources, including all land
156 terms
IB Physics Laws and definitions
PRECISION
What are the S.I. fundamental units?
ACCURACY
PROPORTIONAL
the closeness of all the results agreeing with one another
kilogram, metre, second, ampere, mole, Kelvin
how close the results appear to be to the true or accepted va…
When two quantities plotted on a graph produce a straight lin…
PRECISION
the closeness of all the results agreeing with one another
What are the S.I. fundamental units?
kilogram, metre, second, ampere, mole, Kelvin
165 terms
IB Physics SL
What are the S.I. fundamental units?
PRECISION
ACCURACY
PROPORTIONAL
kilogram, metre, second, ampere, mole, Kelvin
the closeness of all the results agreeing with one another
how close the results appear to be to the true or accepted va…
When two quantities plotted on a graph produce a straight lin…
What are the S.I. fundamental units?
kilogram, metre, second, ampere, mole, Kelvin
PRECISION
the closeness of all the results agreeing with one another
107 terms
IB GLOSSARY 2 - MACROECONOMICS
2.1 The level of overall economic acti…
Actual output
Business/Trade cycle
Closed economy
...
The quantity of goods and services produced in a given time p…
A diagram showing the periodic or cyclical fluctuations in ec…
One which does not trade with the rest of the world.
2.1 The level of overall economic acti…
...
Actual output
The quantity of goods and services produced in a given time p…
20 terms
Physics Glossary
Kinetic energy(K.E.)
Change in gravitational potential energy
Principle of conservation of energy
Elastic collision
Product of ½ times the mass of an object times the square of…
Product of an object's mass times the... gravitational field str…
The total energy of an isolated system (no... external forces) r…
A collision in which kinetic energy is conserved
Kinetic energy(K.E.)
Product of ½ times the mass of an object times the square of…
Change in gravitational potential energy
Product of an object's mass times the... gravitational field str…
172 terms
IB Design and Technology Glossary of Terms
active solar collection
adaptation
adhesive
aesthetic-usability effect
The use of the sun's energy to heat up water and air directly
A solution to a problem in one field is used to provide a new…
An adhesive is a substance that is applied between two surfac…
A condition whereby users perceive more aesthetically pleasin…
active solar collection
The use of the sun's energy to heat up water and air directly
adaptation
A solution to a problem in one field is used to provide a new…
128 terms
IB Physics
Superposition
Polariser
Reflection
Refraction
When two or more waves of the same type arrive at a given poi…
A sheet of material with a molecular structure that only allo…
The angle of incidence i (angle between the ray and the norma…
The travel of light from one medium into another where it has…
Superposition
When two or more waves of the same type arrive at a given poi…
Polariser
A sheet of material with a molecular structure that only allo…
1 of 10