How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Linear motion equations can only be us…

What are the three variables associate…

Of the four variables associated with…

Regarding linear motion, a change in d…

acceleration is constant

displacement, velocity, acceleration and time

time

Δx = v0t + 1/2at^2

Linear motion equations can only be us…

acceleration is constant

What are the three variables associate…

displacement, velocity, acceleration and time

How is a scalar calculated from the pr…

How is a vector calculated from the pr…

Multiplication by a NEGATIVE scalar wi…

Provide a definition of the magnitude…

Dot product (A • B)

Cross product (A x B)

A resultant vector that is ANTIparallel to the original vecto…

|v| = lim (dx/dt)... t->0... Means magnitude of velocity at a poin…

How is a scalar calculated from the pr…

Dot product (A • B)

How is a vector calculated from the pr…

Cross product (A x B)

Law of reflection

For plane mirrors, describe the image

How about image distance for plane mir…

Real image

Theta 1 = theta 2

Image is behind the mirror and thus is virtual

The image appears to be at the same distance behind the mirro…

Light converges at the position of the image

Law of reflection

Theta 1 = theta 2

For plane mirrors, describe the image

Image is behind the mirror and thus is virtual

Open-Open Harmonic Wavelength

Open-Closed Harmonic Wavelength

Doppler Effect

Doppler: Moving TOWARD

Wavelength = 4L/n ... (Where n = odd integers ONLY)

f' = perceived frequency... f = emitted frequency ... vnot (Vd) = d…

(v+Vd)/(v-Vs)

Open-Open Harmonic Wavelength

Open-Closed Harmonic Wavelength

Wavelength = 4L/n ... (Where n = odd integers ONLY)

vectors

scalars

Linear motion equations

static friction

magnitude and direction... ex: forces and velocity

just magnitude... ex: mass and speed

force that must be overcome to set an object in motion

vectors

magnitude and direction... ex: forces and velocity

scalars

just magnitude... ex: mass and speed

electrostatic force

fundamental unit of charge

insulator

conductor

may be repulsive or attractive depending on the signs of the…

proton and electron both have this amount of charge... e = 1.6…

- resists the movement of charge and will have localized area…

- allows the free and uniform passage of electrons when charg…

electrostatic force

may be repulsive or attractive depending on the signs of the…

fundamental unit of charge

proton and electron both have this amount of charge... e = 1.6…

critical angle

electric field lines point from

P outside

heat during a temperature change

the largest ∠of incidence for which refraction can still occu…

from + test charge to - point charge. the direction of the li…

P inside + P liquid

Q= mCT

critical angle

the largest ∠of incidence for which refraction can still occu…

electric field lines point from

from + test charge to - point charge. the direction of the li…

Heat Transfer

Logarithm

Radiation

Viscosity

The movement of thermal energy towards a state of thermodynam…

"A mathematical function that is the... inverse of the exponenti…

"Form of heat transfer where the energy... is carried by electro…

"The measure of internal friction in a... fluid, often denoted b…

Heat Transfer

The movement of thermal energy towards a state of thermodynam…

Logarithm

"A mathematical function that is the... inverse of the exponenti…

density

work

power

kinetic energy

1000 kg/m^3 = 1 g/cm^3

W=fdcos(theta) (in N•m OR kg•m^2/s^2)... W= change in KE... W=pres…

measures how fast work gets done... P=W/t=Fv (in joules/second)

KE=1/2mv^2 (in joules)

density

1000 kg/m^3 = 1 g/cm^3

work

W=fdcos(theta) (in N•m OR kg•m^2/s^2)... W= change in KE... W=pres…

Units

The Metric System

SI System

Multiples and submultiples

The language of Mathematics. Gives context to numbers, and fr…

Most common system of units. ... Length - cm or m... Mass - g or kg…

Length - cm or m... Mass - g or kg... Time - s... Current - A... Temperat…

10^9 Giga... 10^6 Mega... 10^3 Kilo... 10^-2 Centi... 10^-3 Milli... 10^-6 D…

Units

The language of Mathematics. Gives context to numbers, and fr…

The Metric System

Most common system of units. ... Length - cm or m... Mass - g or kg…

displacement

velocity

acceleration

free fall

Final position versus initial position, vector quantity

Displacement / time, vector

Change in velocity / time

Acceleration due only to the effects of gravity

displacement

Final position versus initial position, vector quantity

velocity

Displacement / time, vector

Kinematics equations

Newton's Laws

Law of gravitation

Center of Mass and Gravityfor point ma…

d=(1/2)(Vo+V)(t)... v=v0 +at... d = v0(t) + (1/2)at^2... d = v(t) - (1…

1st- Velocity will not change unless a net force acts on the…

F = (GMm)/r^2

Xcm = m1x1 + m2x2 +m3x3... ------------------------------... m1 +…

Kinematics equations

d=(1/2)(Vo+V)(t)... v=v0 +at... d = v0(t) + (1/2)at^2... d = v(t) - (1…

Newton's Laws

1st- Velocity will not change unless a net force acts on the…

Spring coil #

Increase velocity of standing wave vs…

Beat frequency- standing wave

Wavelength of standing wave vs wavelen…

More coils= easier to deform and less force needed

Decrease mass per unit length... Increase tension... •wave speed-…

f2- f1... Heard with 2 interfering frequency waves

Sound waves: v= f* wavelength... Standing waves: wavelength= 2L…

Spring coil #

More coils= easier to deform and less force needed

Increase velocity of standing wave vs…

Decrease mass per unit length... Increase tension... •wave speed-…

What's the difference between elastics…

what's the formula for momentum? Impul…

Mechanical Advantage

When friction is present what's the En…

Momemtum is conserved in all... KE conserved elastic

J=deltap=Fdeltat... p=mv

What's the difference between elastics…

Momemtum is conserved in all... KE conserved elastic

what's the formula for momentum? Impul…

J=deltap=Fdeltat... p=mv

Acceleration due to gravity

Anti-parallel forces

Parallel forces

Perpendicular forces

9.8 m/s^2 (or 10 m/s^2)

Equal and opposite forces that cancel out

Forces that are added together

When forces are perpendicular, it results in a force at 45 de…

Acceleration due to gravity

9.8 m/s^2 (or 10 m/s^2)

Anti-parallel forces

Equal and opposite forces that cancel out

Sound Intensity in Decibels

Threshold of Hearing

Doppler Effect Equation

Doppler Effect Concept

every time we multiple I by 10, we add 10 to β... every time we…

the lowest intensity the human ear can perceive as sound at t…

f': frequency heard by the detector... f: frequency emitted by t…

approaching ↔ higher detected frequency... receding ↔ lower dete…

Sound Intensity in Decibels

every time we multiple I by 10, we add 10 to β... every time we…

Threshold of Hearing

the lowest intensity the human ear can perceive as sound at t…

destructive interference

power=F*velocity if v is constant

work function

electric field

takes place when waves are 180 degrees apart

k

-Fe/q... -V=Ed... *lines exit from positive and go to negative char…

destructive interference

takes place when waves are 180 degrees apart

power=F*velocity if v is constant

k

Solenoids

conductors

insulators (dielectric)

Electric force

within these magnets, the magnetic field is uniform in direct…

contains charges that re free to roam throughout the material

is a material that doesn't have free changes

F=qE ... q --> charge that feels force... E --> field

Solenoids

within these magnets, the magnetic field is uniform in direct…

conductors

contains charges that re free to roam throughout the material

Density (p)

Electric field

First law of thermodynamics

Focal Length

A scalar quantity defined as mass/volume. it may be compared…

The electrostatic force that a source charge would exert on a…

States that the change in internal energy of a system is equa…

The distance between the focal point and the mirror or lens.…

Density (p)

A scalar quantity defined as mass/volume. it may be compared…

Electric field

The electrostatic force that a source charge would exert on a…

Newton's First Law

Newton's Second Law

Newton's Third Law

Uniform Circular Motion

law of inertia; an object at rest will remain at rest unless…

F=ma; any acceleration is the result of a net force acting up…

any two objects interacting with one another experience equal…

the only force acting is the centripetal force that points ra…

Newton's First Law

law of inertia; an object at rest will remain at rest unless…

Newton's Second Law

F=ma; any acceleration is the result of a net force acting up…

Linear Motion Kinematic Equations

Different Force Equations

Force of gravity and drag

Newtons Law of Gravity

∆V = at... x = Vot + (1/2)at^2... ∆V^2 = 2ax... x = vt = [(Vo + V)/2]…

F = ma... F = w/d... F = qE... F = iL * B... F = qvB (v is velocity, q ch…

Fgravity > Fdrag : person accelerates downward... Fgravity = Fdr…

F = Gm1m2/r^2

Linear Motion Kinematic Equations

∆V = at... x = Vot + (1/2)at^2... ∆V^2 = 2ax... x = vt = [(Vo + V)/2]…

Different Force Equations

F = ma... F = w/d... F = qE... F = iL * B... F = qvB (v is velocity, q ch…