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Study sets matching "physics motion"

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Study sets matching "physics motion"

29 terms
Physics (Motion)
Force
Deceleration
Acceleration
Vector Quantity
A push or pull that causes a change in the motion of a partic…
The slowing down of an object (accelerating in the negative d…
The rate of change in velocity (vector quantity)... a = (final v…
Something that has both magnitude (speed) AND direction
Force
A push or pull that causes a change in the motion of a partic…
Deceleration
The slowing down of an object (accelerating in the negative d…
29 terms
Physics: Motion
Displacement
Distance
Distance & Displacement
Speed
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
Distance > = displacement
-Is defined as distance traveled per unit time... -A scalar quan…
Displacement
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
Distance
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
17 terms
Physics: motion
speed
velocity
average speed
acceleration
v=d/t (how fast)
final velocity= initial velocity + (acceleration due to force…
Vavg=dt/tt
final speed - beginning speed divided by time ... positive is sp…
speed
v=d/t (how fast)
velocity
final velocity= initial velocity + (acceleration due to force…
25 terms
Physics (Motion)
Force
Newton
Net force
unbalanced forces
a push or pull exerted on an object.
The SI unit used for the magnitude, or strength, of a force.
The overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
Forces that cause an object's velocity to change.
Force
a push or pull exerted on an object.
Newton
The SI unit used for the magnitude, or strength, of a force.
10 terms
Physics - motion
Scalar
Vector
Speed
Velocity
Quantity has only magnitude.
Quantity must have both magnitude and direction.
Rate of change of distance... = distance/time
Rate of change of displacement... = displacement/time
Scalar
Quantity has only magnitude.
Vector
Quantity must have both magnitude and direction.
Motion - Physics
motion
acceleration
velocity
speed
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
The speed and direction of a moving object
Distance travelled per unit time
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
acceleration
Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
16 terms
Physics: Motion
Displacement
Distance
Distance & Displacement
Speed
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
Distance > = displacement
-Is defined as distance traveled per unit time... -A scalar quan…
Displacement
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
Distance
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
13 terms
Motion (Physics)
Position Symbol
Position
Most common unit
Reference Point
"x"
The physical location of an object
Meters
The location from which position is measured
Position Symbol
"x"
Position
The physical location of an object
22 terms
Physics - motion unit
position
distance
displacement
average speed
An objects location
How far something has moved from point A to point B
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
position
An objects location
distance
How far something has moved from point A to point B
23 terms
Linear Motion Physics 1
position
speed
velocity
distance
the location of an object
Distance/time;... Distance travelled per unit time
Speed in a given direction
The length of a path between two points
position
the location of an object
speed
Distance/time;... Distance travelled per unit time
21 terms
Physics- Motion
explain why you need a frame of refere…
difference between "positive" directio…
position vector
initial position
to specify how the objects position changes
positive (x) increases ... Negative (x) decreases ... Zero (X=0) co…
x
xi
explain why you need a frame of refere…
to specify how the objects position changes
difference between "positive" directio…
positive (x) increases ... Negative (x) decreases ... Zero (X=0) co…
53 terms
Physics (Motion)
Force
Deceleration
Acceleration
Vector Quantity
A push or pull that causes a change in the motion of a partic…
The slowing down of an object (accelerating in the negative d…
The rate of change in velocity (vector quantity)... a = (final v…
Something that has both magnitude (speed) AND direction
Force
A push or pull that causes a change in the motion of a partic…
Deceleration
The slowing down of an object (accelerating in the negative d…
17 terms
Motion/Physics
constant rate
deceleration
frame of reference
potential energy
the rate of change in a linear relationship
A decrease in speed... Negative acceleration
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement... joules
constant rate
the rate of change in a linear relationship
deceleration
A decrease in speed... Negative acceleration
25 terms
Basic Physics Motion
acceleration
average speed
direction
meters/second
The rate of change in position
Total distance ÷ total time of travel
Velocity includes speed AND _____.
SI unit for velocity
acceleration
The rate of change in position
average speed
Total distance ÷ total time of travel
12 terms
Physics/Motion
What does Newton's second law, F=ma, m…
What is Newton's third law?
What is Newton's first law?
What happens if there is no net force?
For every action, there is an equal reaction in the opposite…
An object in motion will stay in motion...... An object at rest…
No acceleration (no change in speed). You can still have a mo…
What does Newton's second law, F=ma, m…
What is Newton's third law?
For every action, there is an equal reaction in the opposite…
15 terms
Physics- Motion
Reference Point
position
Motion
Line graph
object that appears to stay in place
point or area occupied by an object
A change in position over time when compared to a reference p…
showing an object's position over time when compared to a ref…
Reference Point
object that appears to stay in place
position
point or area occupied by an object
8 terms
physics- motion graphs
position (distance) -time graph, at rest
position (distance) -time graph, const…
position-time graph, higher speed
velocity-time graph, constant velocity
position (distance) -time graph, at rest
position (distance) -time graph, const…
Linear Motion-Physics
motion is relative
motion
speed
rate
everything is in motion... - relative to some reference frame... -…
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
distance travelled per unit of time
Any change over time
motion is relative
everything is in motion... - relative to some reference frame... -…
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
12 terms
Physics of Motion
Scalar
Vector
Speed
Velocity
A physical quantity that has size only.
A quantity that has both size and direction.
Distance/time
Speed in a given direction
Scalar
A physical quantity that has size only.
Vector
A quantity that has both size and direction.
10 terms
Physics- Motion
What is motion?
What is a frame of reference?
what is distance?
what is distance measured in?
Motion is the direction and how fast the object is moving
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
the length of a path from the starting point to ending point
Meters
What is motion?
Motion is the direction and how fast the object is moving
What is a frame of reference?
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
8 terms
Physics - motion
Motion
Distance
Displacement
Speed
When an object changes position relative to a reference point.
The length of a path between two points.
The length and direction an object has moved from its startin…
The distance an object travels divided by the amount of time…
Motion
When an object changes position relative to a reference point.
Distance
The length of a path between two points.
Physics - motion
Momentum = mass x velocity
Inertia
Newtons First of Motion
Examples of vector quantities
p = m x v
tendency of an object to resist changes in its velocity
An object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays…
Displacement, velocity, acceleration, and force
Momentum = mass x velocity
p = m x v
Inertia
tendency of an object to resist changes in its velocity
11 terms
Physics motion
initial velocity
displacement
final velocity
acceleration
speed of an object before the application of force
Change in position from an object in its starting point. Dist…
he last velocity that can be measured before a complete stop.
Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
initial velocity
speed of an object before the application of force
displacement
Change in position from an object in its starting point. Dist…
31 terms
Physics-- Motion
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Control
Frame of Reference
~The manipulated variable ... ~What is being tested ... ~ONLY ONE
~The outcome... ~The variable that is affected by the independen…
Variable(s) that stay the same throughout the experiment
An object used for comparison to tell whether something is in…
Independent Variable
~The manipulated variable ... ~What is being tested ... ~ONLY ONE
Dependent Variable
~The outcome... ~The variable that is affected by the independen…
14 terms
Physics Unit 1: Motion
hypothesis
control
independent variable
dependent variable
A prediction that can be tested.
A standard of comparison for checking or verifying the result…
The experimental factor that is manipulated and causes an eff…
The experimental factor that is being measured; the variable…
hypothesis
A prediction that can be tested.
control
A standard of comparison for checking or verifying the result…
10 terms
Physics - motion
inertia
friction
equalibrium
Aristotle
property of a body to resist change to its state of motion
force that acts between materials that touch as they move pas…
a ball at rest in the middle of a flat field
greek... natural motion and violent motion
inertia
property of a body to resist change to its state of motion
friction
force that acts between materials that touch as they move pas…
10 terms
Physics: Motion
Motion
Velocity
Acceleration
3 dimensional
The movement of an object
A change in speed and direction over time
A change in velocity over time
Movement can occur in three ways: up and down, left to right,…
Motion
The movement of an object
Velocity
A change in speed and direction over time
Physics: Motion
Displacement
Distance
Speed
Velocity
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
-Is defined as distance traveled per unit time... -A scalar quan…
-Is defined as displacement per unit time... -A vector quantity…
Displacement
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
Distance
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
24 terms
Physics - motion
distance
displacement
scalar quantities
vector quantities
represents the actual length of path covered between two poin…
change in position of an object, measured from its starting p…
quantities that have a magnitude but no direction, such as di…
quantities that have both magnitude and direction, such as di…
distance
represents the actual length of path covered between two poin…
displacement
change in position of an object, measured from its starting p…
8 terms
Chapter 3 Physics: Linear Motion
Speed
Instantaneous speed
Average speed
Velocity
How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
The speed at any instant.
The total distance traveled divided by the time of travel.
An object's speed and direction of motion.
Speed
How fast an object moves; the distance traveled per unit of t…
Instantaneous speed
The speed at any instant.
32 terms
Physics 1 Forces & Motion
Force
Aristotle believed
Galileo believed
Friction
ANY push or pull
Forces cause motion
Forces cause *changes* in motion
Any force that opposes motion
Force
ANY push or pull
Aristotle believed
Forces cause motion
24 terms
Physics - Motion and Forces
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
Gravity
Distance/time
Speed in a given direction
Rate of change of velocity
(physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the u…
Speed
Distance/time
Velocity
Speed in a given direction
10 terms
Physics in Motion
gravity
force
motion
push
a force that pulls things down
causes motion
makes things move
an object will move away from you
gravity
a force that pulls things down
force
causes motion
Physics- Force and Motion
Force
Motion
Speed
Gravity
A push or pull
Moving something from one place to another
The rate of motion, or how fast something travels
A force that pulls everything towards the center of the Earth
Force
A push or pull
Motion
Moving something from one place to another
Physics: Motion Scientist
Aristotle
Ptolemy
Ptolemy's Universe
Ptolemy's Universe
In his system, the planets were the visible dots embedded on…
His major work was his Mathematical Composition.
"*Earth in the center, with the four elements"... "*The celestia…
"The seven wandering stars—planets—were deemed to be somewher…
Aristotle
In his system, the planets were the visible dots embedded on…
Ptolemy
His major work was his Mathematical Composition.
8 terms
Physics Motion
Initial Speed
Final Speed
Acceleration
V =
U
V
m/s-2
d/t
Initial Speed
U
Final Speed
V
19 terms
Physics: Rotational Motion and Circular Motion tn
Centripetal acceleration
period
frequency
Force diagram for circular motion
ac= v²/r
seconds
s⁻¹
Centripetal acceleration
ac= v²/r
period
seconds
11 terms
Physics Chapter 2: Motion
distance
displacement
speed
average speed
a measure of how far an object has moved
the distance and direction an object moves from its starting…
the rate of change of an object's position
the total distance an object travels divided by the total tim…
distance
a measure of how far an object has moved
displacement
the distance and direction an object moves from its starting…
21 terms
Physics/ Motion
acceleration
equilibrium
force
friction
Change in velocity over time
A state of balance
A push or a pull
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are tou…
acceleration
Change in velocity over time
equilibrium
A state of balance
6 terms
Physics of Motion
Speed
Car's speedometer measures
Velocity
total distance / total time
Distance / Time
Instantaneous Speed
Speed in a given direction
average speed
Speed
Distance / Time
Car's speedometer measures
Instantaneous Speed
21 terms
Physics- Motion a
explain why you need a frame of refere…
difference between "positive" directio…
position vector
initial position
to specify how the objects position changes
positive (x) increases ... Negative (x) decreases ... Zero (X=0) co…
x
xi
explain why you need a frame of refere…
to specify how the objects position changes
difference between "positive" directio…
positive (x) increases ... Negative (x) decreases ... Zero (X=0) co…
42 terms
Basic Physics Motion Laws
net force
force
acceleration
average speed
The sum of all the forces acting on an object.
The velocity of an object changes because it is acted upon by…
The rate of change in position
Total distance ÷ total time of travel
net force
The sum of all the forces acting on an object.
force
The velocity of an object changes because it is acted upon by…
10 terms
Motion - physics
Speed
Velocity
Vector
Scalar
How fast
Speed with direction
A quantity that has magnitude and direction
Measurement has only magnitude
Speed
How fast
Velocity
Speed with direction
11 terms
motion-physics
distance
displacement
scalar
vector
how far something travels
how far something travels in a given direction
distance is an example of a ____________ quantity, it has mag…
displacement is an example of a _____________ quantity becaus…
distance
how far something travels
displacement
how far something travels in a given direction
26 terms
Physics Motion
rate
=
position
speed
Any quantity that describes how much another quantity changes…
A mathematical symbol indicating that one side of an equation…
A vector quantity that tells where an object is with respect…
Scalar quantity that is a measure of how fast something is mo…
rate
Any quantity that describes how much another quantity changes…
=
A mathematical symbol indicating that one side of an equation…
8 terms
Motion physics
Distance
Displacement
Average speed 1
Average speed 2
= speed x time
= velocity x time
= total distance / total time
= (initial velocity + final velocity) / 2
Distance
= speed x time
Displacement
= velocity x time
13 terms
Physics - Motion
Rest
Motion
Point object
Distance
A body is said to be at rest if it does not change its positi…
A body is said to be at motion if it changes its position wit…
Whenever the size of the object is much smaller than the dist…
It is the length of actual path traversed by a body between i…
Rest
A body is said to be at rest if it does not change its positi…
Motion
A body is said to be at motion if it changes its position wit…
24 terms
Physics: Motion
98 m/s
Galileo
weight
distance
gravitational pull on Earth
Tried to prove that all things fall at the same rate at gravi…
? = mass * acceleration
how far an object has moved
98 m/s
gravitational pull on Earth
Galileo
Tried to prove that all things fall at the same rate at gravi…
14 terms
Physics: Chapter 3 Describing Motion
motion diagram
particle model
coordinate system
origin
a series of images showing the positions of a moving object t…
a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving…
tells you where the zero point of the variable you are studyi…
the point in a coordinate system when the variables have a ze…
motion diagram
a series of images showing the positions of a moving object t…
particle model
a simplified version of a motion diagram in which the moving…
10 terms
Physics - Motion
Scalars have a scale (a value) but no…
Vectors have a scale (a value) and a d…
Any out of - Distance, Speed, Time
Any out of - Displacement, Velocity, A…
What is the definition of a Scalar?
What is the definition of a Vector?
Give two examples of a Scalar
Give two examples of a Vector
Scalars have a scale (a value) but no…
What is the definition of a Scalar?
Vectors have a scale (a value) and a d…
What is the definition of a Vector?
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