Study sets matching "physics periodic motion"

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Study sets matching "physics periodic motion"

54 terms
Physics: Periodic Motion and Waves
Amplitude
relationship between amplitude and ene…
period (T)
Frequency (f)
how high the peaks are or how low the troughs are, in meters.…
larger amplitude=greater energy
time it takes for one cycle in seconds... =1/frequency
how many cycles per second (in Hz=cycles/sec)
Amplitude
how high the peaks are or how low the troughs are, in meters.…
relationship between amplitude and ene…
larger amplitude=greater energy
21 terms
Physics: Waves and Periodic Motion
Amplitude
Period
Frequency
Angular frequency
Amplitude (A): how high the peaks are or how low the troughs…
Period (T): the time it takes for one cycle, in seconds.... T =…
Frequency (f): the rate, or how many cycles per second, in He…
Angular frequency (w): the rate, in how many radians per seco…
Amplitude
Amplitude (A): how high the peaks are or how low the troughs…
Period
Period (T): the time it takes for one cycle, in seconds.... T =…
Periodic Motion (Physics)
Amplitude
Restoring force
Simple harmonic motion
Period (T)
The maximum distance an object moves from equailibrum
The push or a pull a spring exerts on an object
Motion that occurs when that restoring force acting on and ob…
The time it takes for a vibrating object to repeat its motion
Amplitude
The maximum distance an object moves from equailibrum
Restoring force
The push or a pull a spring exerts on an object
20 terms
11th Grade - Physics Periodic Motion
Angular displacement (θ)
Average Angular Velocity (ω)
Average Angular Acceleration (α)
Rolling Motion
The angle through which a rigid object rotates about a fixed…
Angular speed with a direction. Angular displacement divided…
The rate of speeding up or slowing down spinning motion. angu…
Rotational motion, such as car tires, that are in contact wit…
Angular displacement (θ)
The angle through which a rigid object rotates about a fixed…
Average Angular Velocity (ω)
Angular speed with a direction. Angular displacement divided…
Physics Periodic Motion
Kepler's 1st law
an ellipse is described by_____
A larger radius means a
Kepler's 2nd law
the orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus
2 axes
slower speed
the line joining a planet and the sun sweeps out equal areas…
Kepler's 1st law
the orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus
an ellipse is described by_____
2 axes
39 terms
Physics: Periodic Motion/Oscillation
Oscillation
Restoring force
displacement
equilibrium position
repetitive back and forth motion
spring force that restores the spring back to equilibrium pos…
the distance of the spring from equilibrium poaition
the spring is at rest, not stretched or compressed, origin
Oscillation
repetitive back and forth motion
Restoring force
spring force that restores the spring back to equilibrium pos…
35 terms
Physics: Periodic Motion and Waves
simple harmonic oscillation
period (T)
frequency (f)
amplitude (A)
associated with cyclic processes where an object undergoes a…
time per vibration; time required to complete one full cycle…
Hz, number of vibrations per second
magnitude of the displacement of an object from equilibrium
simple harmonic oscillation
associated with cyclic processes where an object undergoes a…
period (T)
time per vibration; time required to complete one full cycle…
25 terms
Physics periodic motion
1st law -
An ellipse is described by what two ax…
A path connecting the two foci to the…
Larger radius orbit means ____ speed
the orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus
Long semimajor, short semi minor
length
slower
1st law -
the orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus
An ellipse is described by what two ax…
Long semimajor, short semi minor
12 terms
Physics: Periodic Motion and Waves
What model describes the motion of an…
What causes acceleration and decelerat…
What is the amplitude of a wave?
How is the period/frequency affected i…
Dampened harmonic oscillation
Restoring force
Magnitude of the displacement of the object from equilibrium
Stay constant (no change)
What model describes the motion of an…
Dampened harmonic oscillation
What causes acceleration and decelerat…
Restoring force
20 terms
Physics Test (Periodic Motion)
displacement
amplitude
equilibrium
crest
-distance from the equilibrium ... -when displacement = max (amp…
-max distance fr equilibrium line... -V = 0 at amplitude
-the midline ... -force = 0... -zero displacement
the highest point on the graph
displacement
-distance from the equilibrium ... -when displacement = max (amp…
amplitude
-max distance fr equilibrium line... -V = 0 at amplitude
Physics B - Waves and Periodic Motion
Period
Effects of amplitude, mass, and length…
Period of a pendulum equation
Frequency
time it takes to make one round trip... "T"
amplitude: none... mass: none... length: longer length -> period le…
how often one cycle or period occurs
Period
time it takes to make one round trip... "T"
Effects of amplitude, mass, and length…
amplitude: none... mass: none... length: longer length -> period le…
Physics V: Periodic Motion and Waves
Simple Harmonic motion
Period
Frequency
Amplitude
vibrational motion
The time required to complete one full cycle of motion. Given…
the number of vibrations that occur during a specified amount…
the magnitude of displacement of the object from equilibrium
Simple Harmonic motion
vibrational motion
Period
The time required to complete one full cycle of motion. Given…
66 terms
Physics: Periodic Motion, Waves and Sound
What are the important equations assoc…
What are the important equations assoc…
What is the difference between a trans…
How do standing waves behave?
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
Transverse is perpendicular to direction of propagation (radi…
Figures A and C:... ƒ(of n)=nv/2L... λ(of n)=2L/n... Figure B:... ƒ(of n)…
What are the important equations assoc…
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
What are the important equations assoc…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
43 terms
Physics Chapter 12: Periodic Motion
periodic motion
force of the spring pulling up and the…
rest position
balanced
motion that repeats at a constant rate
what are the 2 forces working on a mass at rest that is attac…
the position of a mass (on a spring) at rest
when the mass reaches the system equilibrium position, the fo…
periodic motion
motion that repeats at a constant rate
force of the spring pulling up and the…
what are the 2 forces working on a mass at rest that is attac…
85 terms
Physics Chapter 12: Periodic Motion
Galileo
amplitude of their initial displacement
amplitude of their initial displacement
ideal pendulum
who was the first to scientifically study pendulums
the period of a pendulum is independent on what?
the period of a spring mass system in SHM are independent on…
what has a mass suspended from an ideal spring or massless rod?
Galileo
who was the first to scientifically study pendulums
amplitude of their initial displacement
the period of a pendulum is independent on what?
Physics vocab: Periodic Motion and Waves
Oscillation
wave
periodic motion
frequency
one period/cycle
an oscillation accompanied by a transfer of energy that trave…
an action that is carried out repeatedly in equal intervals/d…
the rate at which one oscillation occurs per second
Oscillation
one period/cycle
wave
an oscillation accompanied by a transfer of energy that trave…
21 terms
Physics: Investigation 11 - Periodic Motion
Objective
periodic motion
Simple Harmonic Motion
restoring force
to study periodic motion using a mass suspended from a spring…
repetitive motion of an object about a stable equilibrium pos…
special case of periodic motion where the restoring force is…
will act to slow the object down until it stops at an equal d…
Objective
to study periodic motion using a mass suspended from a spring…
periodic motion
repetitive motion of an object about a stable equilibrium pos…
Physical Science Chapter 12 Periodic Motion and Waves
periodic motion
rest position
amplitude
cycle
recurring back-and-forth or cyclical motion of a system in a…
the position of an oscillating system exactly half way betwee…
the maximum displacement from the rest position of a system e…
one complete back-and-forth motion or rotation in periodic mo…
periodic motion
recurring back-and-forth or cyclical motion of a system in a…
rest position
the position of an oscillating system exactly half way betwee…
28 terms
physics circular and periodic motion test
A mass attached to a spring vibrates b…
A mass attached to a spring vibrates b…
A simple pendulum swings in simple har…
The angle between the string of a pend…
velocity reaches a maximum
acceleration reaches a maximum
the acceleration reaches a maximum
amplitude
A mass attached to a spring vibrates b…
velocity reaches a maximum
A mass attached to a spring vibrates b…
acceleration reaches a maximum
66 terms
MCAT Physics - Periodic Motion, Waves and Sound
What are the important equations assoc…
What are the important equations assoc…
What is the difference between a trans…
How do standing waves behave?
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
Transverse is perpendicular to direction of propagation (radi…
Figures A and C:... ƒ(of n)=nv/2L... λ(of n)=2L/n... Figure B:... ƒ(of n)…
What are the important equations assoc…
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
What are the important equations assoc…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
6 terms
A LEVEL PHYSICS PERIODIC MOTION
Circular Motion
What are angles measured in?
What are the conditions for SHM?
Light Damping
Motion in a circular path at a constant speed implies there i…
Radians
Acceleration is always proportional and in the opposite direc…
Amplitude decreases over time and time period remains constant
Circular Motion
Motion in a circular path at a constant speed implies there i…
What are angles measured in?
Radians
Physics E: Unit 5 Periodic Motion
Acceleration
Average acceleration
Average speed
Circular motion
Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
change in velocity divided by change in time
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
Type of motion where velocity is constantly changing because…
Acceleration
Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
Average acceleration
change in velocity divided by change in time
7 terms
Physic Equation for Waves and Periodic Motions
Wave Velocity
Wave Period
Sound Decibels
Intensity
v = fλ... - The velocity of the wave is defined as the frequency…
T= 1/f... - The period is defined as 1 over the frequency... - s =…
- dB = ten time the long of the ratio between Intensity of th…
I = P/A... -Intensity is the Power over Area... - W/m^2 = W divided…
Wave Velocity
v = fλ... - The velocity of the wave is defined as the frequency…
Wave Period
T= 1/f... - The period is defined as 1 over the frequency... - s =…
29 terms
Physics (Motion)
Force
Deceleration
Acceleration
Vector Quantity
A push or pull that causes a change in the motion of a partic…
The slowing down of an object (accelerating in the negative d…
The rate of change in velocity (vector quantity)... a = (final v…
Something that has both magnitude (speed) AND direction
Force
A push or pull that causes a change in the motion of a partic…
Deceleration
The slowing down of an object (accelerating in the negative d…
Physics: Motion
Displacement
Distance
Distance & Displacement
Speed
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
Distance > = displacement
-Is defined as distance traveled per unit time... -A scalar quan…
Displacement
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
Distance
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
MCAT Physics - Periodic Motion, Waves and Sound
What are the important equations assoc…
How do standing waves behave?
What is amplitude of a wave and what d…
What is the speed of sound in relative…
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
Figures A and C:... ƒ(of n)=nv/2L... λ(of n)=2L/n... Figure B:... ƒ(of n)…
A: how high the peaks are or how low the troughs are, in mete…
Fastest to slowest:... Solid>liquid>gas... (The reason why sound tr…
What are the important equations assoc…
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
How do standing waves behave?
Figures A and C:... ƒ(of n)=nv/2L... λ(of n)=2L/n... Figure B:... ƒ(of n)…
10 terms
Motion - Physical Science - Period Three
{ Reference point } -
{ Motion } -
{ Frame of Reference } -
{ Speed } -
Something that doesn't move so you can explain where the obje…
An object you can explain is moving, but view differently.
Describing where the object is moving or how the object is mo…
Distance traveled divided by the time interval during which t…
{ Reference point } -
Something that doesn't move so you can explain where the obje…
{ Motion } -
An object you can explain is moving, but view differently.
BJU Physics Chapter 12: Periodic Motion
Mach (M) speed
periodic motion
restoring force
simple harmonic motion (SHM)
...
...
...
...
Mach (M) speed
...
periodic motion
...
50 terms
MCAT Physics - Periodic Motion, Waves, and Sound
Simple Harmonic Motion
Linear Restoring Force
Springs
Spring constant
Motion of an object oscillating back and forth about some equ…
A force that is linearly proportional to the distance of the…
When a spring with a mass attached to one end is compressed o…
A measure of a spring's stiffness, denoted by k.... The higher…
Simple Harmonic Motion
Motion of an object oscillating back and forth about some equ…
Linear Restoring Force
A force that is linearly proportional to the distance of the…
66 terms
MCAT Physics - Periodic Motion, Waves and Sound
What are the important equations assoc…
What are the important equations assoc…
What is the difference between a trans…
How do standing waves behave?
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
Transverse is perpendicular to direction of propagation (radi…
Figures A and C:... ƒ(of n)=nv/2L... λ(of n)=2L/n... Figure B:... ƒ(of n)…
What are the important equations assoc…
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
What are the important equations assoc…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
17 terms
Physics: motion
speed
velocity
average speed
acceleration
v=d/t (how fast)
final velocity= initial velocity + (acceleration due to force…
Vavg=dt/tt
final speed - beginning speed divided by time ... positive is sp…
speed
v=d/t (how fast)
velocity
final velocity= initial velocity + (acceleration due to force…
66 terms
MCAT Physics - Periodic Motion, Waves and Sound
What are the important equations assoc…
What are the important equations assoc…
What is the difference between a trans…
How do standing waves behave?
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
Transverse is perpendicular to direction of propagation (radi…
Figures A and C:... ƒ(of n)=nv/2L... λ(of n)=2L/n... Figure B:... ƒ(of n)…
What are the important equations assoc…
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
What are the important equations assoc…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
66 terms
MCAT Physics - Periodic Motion, Waves and Sound
What are the important equations assoc…
What are the important equations assoc…
What is the difference between a trans…
How do standing waves behave?
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
Transverse is perpendicular to direction of propagation (radi…
Figures A and C:... ƒ(of n)=nv/2L... λ(of n)=2L/n... Figure B:... ƒ(of n)…
What are the important equations assoc…
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
What are the important equations assoc…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
39 terms
BR Physics 5: Periodic Motion and Waves
simple harmonic motion
period
frequency
amplitude
a cycle of motion where it heads in one direction, comes to r…
time required to complete one full cycle of motion. symbol: T…
the number of vibrations that occur during a specific amount…
magnitude of displacement of the object from equilibrium. sym…
simple harmonic motion
a cycle of motion where it heads in one direction, comes to r…
period
time required to complete one full cycle of motion. symbol: T…
11 terms
Physics - periodic motion phase I hw explanations
4. Substitution is your best friend
5. Read carefully
6. Remember centripetal force anytime…
11. Remember that properties of string…
You rearranged the equation correctly, but failed to substitu…
Here they were asking for the expected period for L=9, not ho…
In this problem they wanted to know T of the rope. The variab…
increasing the density is just as much of a change in string…
4. Substitution is your best friend
You rearranged the equation correctly, but failed to substitu…
5. Read carefully
Here they were asking for the expected period for L=9, not ho…
66 terms
MCAT Physics - Periodic Motion, Waves and Sound
What are the important equations assoc…
What are the important equations assoc…
What is the difference between a trans…
How do standing waves behave?
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
Transverse is perpendicular to direction of propagation (radi…
Figures A and C:... ƒ(of n)=nv/2L... λ(of n)=2L/n... Figure B:... ƒ(of n)…
What are the important equations assoc…
spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at m…
What are the important equations assoc…
Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcos…
25 terms
Physics (Motion)
Force
Newton
Net force
unbalanced forces
a push or pull exerted on an object.
The SI unit used for the magnitude, or strength, of a force.
The overall force on an object when all the individual forces…
Forces that cause an object's velocity to change.
Force
a push or pull exerted on an object.
Newton
The SI unit used for the magnitude, or strength, of a force.
17 terms
Physics Section V: Periodic Motion and Waves
Fspring=
Fpendulum=
Tspring=
Tpendulum=
-kx
-mgsinθ
2π√(m/k)
2π √(L/g)
Fspring=
-kx
Fpendulum=
-mgsinθ
Physics Principles and Problems 14.1 Periodic Motion
periodic motion
Simple Harmonic motion
period
amplitude
motions that all repeat in a regular cycle
the motion that results if a force that restores an object to…
time needed for an object to complete to complete one complet…
the maximum distance that the object moves from the equilibrium
periodic motion
motions that all repeat in a regular cycle
Simple Harmonic motion
the motion that results if a force that restores an object to…
Physics- Motion
Earth
A change in position over time when co…
time
position
Most common Reference Point
Motion
X axis
Y axis
Earth
Most common Reference Point
A change in position over time when co…
Motion
Motion - Physics
motion
acceleration
velocity
speed
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
The speed and direction of a moving object
Distance travelled per unit time
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
acceleration
Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
physical science chapter 12 // periodic motion
periodic motion
vibration and oscillation
vibration
oscillation
any kind of repetitive motion
what are the two types of motion
back and forth random motion
larger slower motion
periodic motion
any kind of repetitive motion
vibration and oscillation
what are the two types of motion
16 terms
Physics: Motion
Displacement
Distance
Distance & Displacement
Speed
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
Distance > = displacement
-Is defined as distance traveled per unit time... -A scalar quan…
Displacement
-The shortest path moved in a certain direction (shortest dis…
Distance
-How far you travel from point A to point B... -A scalar quantit…
85 terms
MCAT Physics Periodic Motion, Waves and Sound
What are the important equations assoc…
What are the important equations assoc…
What is the difference between a trans…
How do standing waves behave?
Spring Frequency (ƒ): ƒ=cycles/sec = (1/2π)(√k/m) = 1/T = ω/2…
Angular Frequency/Velocity ω = √(g/L) ... PE (stored E) = mgh =…
Transverse is perpendicular to direction of propagation (radi…
Figures A and C: (A) = both ends open; (C) = both ends closed…
What are the important equations assoc…
Spring Frequency (ƒ): ƒ=cycles/sec = (1/2π)(√k/m) = 1/T = ω/2…
What are the important equations assoc…
Angular Frequency/Velocity ω = √(g/L) ... PE (stored E) = mgh =…
22 terms
Mcat physics Periodic motion, Intro Waves
Periodic Motion
Mass- Spring Force F(S)
Mass- Spring Potential Energy U(El)
Spring Angular Frequency
Objects that Oscillate (moves in a repetitive way)... Ex. Sprin…
F(S)= -KX
U(EL)=½KX²
ω= 2πƒ =2π/T =√k/m... -Frequency depends on k & m
Periodic Motion
Objects that Oscillate (moves in a repetitive way)... Ex. Sprin…
Mass- Spring Force F(S)
F(S)= -KX
13 terms
Motion (Physics)
Position Symbol
Position
Most common unit
Reference Point
"x"
The physical location of an object
Meters
The location from which position is measured
Position Symbol
"x"
Position
The physical location of an object
16 terms
Physics Angular Frequency, Period, Tangential Motion Symbols
s
θ
vt
at
Arc Length (m)
Angular Displacement (rads)
Tangential Velocity (m/s)
Tangential Acceleration (m/s2)
s
Arc Length (m)
θ
Angular Displacement (rads)
10 terms
Physics: Motion
Reaction time
Reaction Time Equation ... based on Dista…
Reaction Time Equation... based on time
Acceleration Equation... Circular Motion
The time it takes you to respond to a situation.
Acceleratetion = ... Change in velcocity over change in time
Reaction time
The time it takes you to respond to a situation.
Reaction Time Equation ... based on Dista…
Physics - motion unit
position
distance
displacement
average speed
An objects location
How far something has moved from point A to point B
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
position
An objects location
distance
How far something has moved from point A to point B
Physical Science 9th grade periodic motion
periodic motion
Amplitude
period (T)
Frequency (f)
Motion that repeats at a constant rate
The maximum distance a system moves from rest position during…
The time it takes to complete one cycle of a system
The rate at which cycles repeat
periodic motion
Motion that repeats at a constant rate
Amplitude
The maximum distance a system moves from rest position during…
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