# Study sets matching "physics periodic motion"

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transverse vs longitudinal waves and ex…

planks constant

frequency equation

velocity of wave

transverse: rope up and down... ex. light... longitudinal: spring b…

6.626E-34

f=1/T

v = wavelength * frequency

transverse vs longitudinal waves and ex…

transverse: rope up and down... ex. light... longitudinal: spring b…

planks constant

6.626E-34

Amplitude

relationship between amplitude and ener…

period (T)

Frequency (f)

how high the peaks are or how low the troughs are, in meters.…

larger amplitude=greater energy

time it takes for one cycle (λ) in seconds... =1/frequency

how many cycles per second (in Hz=cycles/sec)

Amplitude

how high the peaks are or how low the troughs are, in meters.…

relationship between amplitude and ener…

larger amplitude=greater energy

Amplitude

Period

Frequency

Angular frequency

Amplitude (A): how high the peaks are or how low the troughs a…

Period (T): the time it takes for one cycle, in seconds.... T =…

Frequency (f): the rate, or how many cycles per second, in Her…

Angular frequency (w): the rate, in how many radians per secon…

Amplitude

Amplitude (A): how high the peaks are or how low the troughs a…

Period

Period (T): the time it takes for one cycle, in seconds.... T =…

If an object has simple periodic motion…

Tripling the displacement from equilibr…

A mass attached to a string vibrates ba…

A mass attached to a string vibrates ba…

displacement

9

reaches maximum

spring force and the acceleration

If an object has simple periodic motion…

displacement

Tripling the displacement from equilibr…

9

Pendulum

period

Period of pendulum

Period of pendulum (formula)

periodic motion

time it takes to make one cycle (vibration, oscillation, swing)

1. mass of bob has no effect on period... 2.length of spring affe…

T=2π√l/g ... T=4π²l/g

Pendulum

periodic motion

period

time it takes to make one cycle (vibration, oscillation, swing)

circumference

parallel

perpendicular

increase

an object in a circular motion travels a distance equal to the…

centripetal force and acceleration are ______ to each other

centripetal acceleration and velocity are ______ to each other

increasing the radius will cause the centripetal velocity to _…

circumference

an object in a circular motion travels a distance equal to the…

parallel

centripetal force and acceleration are ______ to each other

Periodic motion

Circular motion

Out of circle

perpindicular

motion that repeats itself at regular intervals

is when speed remains constant and velocity (direction) is alw…

Velocity always points_____

Velocity & Force are always _______ to each other

Periodic motion

motion that repeats itself at regular intervals

Circular motion

is when speed remains constant and velocity (direction) is alw…

Amplitude

Restoring force

Simple harmonic motion

Period (T)

The maximum distance an object moves from equailibrum

The push or a pull a spring exerts on an object

Motion that occurs when that restoring force acting on and obj…

The time it takes for a vibrating object to repeat its motion

Amplitude

The maximum distance an object moves from equailibrum

Restoring force

The push or a pull a spring exerts on an object

Torque

Lever arm (d)

Balanced torques

Newton's 1st Law of Motion

Measurement of the ability to a force to rotate an object arou…

Distance between fulcrum & perpendicular force applied

When torque CCW is equal to torque CW; when the net torque or…

An object at rest will stay at rest unless acted on by an outs…

Torque

Measurement of the ability to a force to rotate an object arou…

Lever arm (d)

Distance between fulcrum & perpendicular force applied

Axis

Rotation

Revolution

Linear Speed (v)

Straight line around which an object spins

Spinning motion when turning about an internal axis

Spinning motion when turning about an external axis

How fast an object is moving; distance moved per unit of time;…

Axis

Straight line around which an object spins

Rotation

Spinning motion when turning about an internal axis

What model describes the motion of an o…

What causes acceleration and decelerati…

What is the amplitude of a wave?

How is the period/frequency affected in…

Dampened harmonic oscillation

Restoring force

Magnitude of the displacement of the object from equilibrium

Stay constant (no change)

What model describes the motion of an o…

Dampened harmonic oscillation

What causes acceleration and decelerati…

Restoring force

Kepler's 1st law

an ellipse is described by_____

A larger radius means a

Kepler's 2nd law

the orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus

2 axes

slower speed

the line joining a planet and the sun sweeps out equal areas i…

Kepler's 1st law

the orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus

an ellipse is described by_____

2 axes

Oscillation

Restoring force

displacement

equilibrium position

repetitive back and forth motion

spring force that restores the spring back to equilibrium posi…

the distance of the spring from equilibrium poaition

the spring is at rest, not stretched or compressed, origin

Oscillation

repetitive back and forth motion

Restoring force

spring force that restores the spring back to equilibrium posi…

simple harmonic oscillation

period (T)

frequency (f)

amplitude (A)

associated with cyclic processes where an object undergoes a r…

time per vibration; time required to complete one full cycle o…

Hz, number of vibrations per second

magnitude of the displacement of an object from equilibrium

simple harmonic oscillation

associated with cyclic processes where an object undergoes a r…

period (T)

time per vibration; time required to complete one full cycle o…

Angular displacement (θ)

Average Angular Velocity (ω)

Average Angular Acceleration (α)

Rolling Motion

The angle through which a rigid object rotates about a fixed a…

Angular speed with a direction. Angular displacement divided b…

The rate of speeding up or slowing down spinning motion. angul…

Rotational motion, such as car tires, that are in contact with…

Angular displacement (θ)

The angle through which a rigid object rotates about a fixed a…

Average Angular Velocity (ω)

Angular speed with a direction. Angular displacement divided b…

1st law -

An ellipse is described by what two axe…

A path connecting the two foci to the e…

Larger radius orbit means ____ speed

the orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus

Long semimajor, short semi minor

length

slower

1st law -

the orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus

An ellipse is described by what two axe…

Long semimajor, short semi minor

period

frequency

amplitude

wavelength

the time for one cycle of a periodic process

the number of cycles per time unit (typically seconds) for a p…

the maximum displacement from the equilibrium

the distance between successive crests/troughs of a wave

period

the time for one cycle of a periodic process

frequency

the number of cycles per time unit (typically seconds) for a p…

displacement

amplitude

equilibrium

crest

-distance from the equilibrium ... -when displacement = max (amp)…

-max distance fr equilibrium line... -V = 0 at amplitude

-the midline ... -force = 0... -zero displacement

the highest point on the graph

displacement

-distance from the equilibrium ... -when displacement = max (amp)…

amplitude

-max distance fr equilibrium line... -V = 0 at amplitude

the time for one cycle of a periodic pr…

for a periodic process, the number of c…

for vibrational motion, the maximum dis…

a mass on a spring is undergoing period…

period

frequency

amplitude

zero

the time for one cycle of a periodic pr…

period

for a periodic process, the number of c…

frequency

amplitude of their initial displacement

amplitude of their initial displacement

ideal pendulum

at a single point

the period of a pendulum is independent on what?

the period of a spring mass system in SHM are independent on w…

what has a mass suspended from an ideal spring or massless rod?

in a pendulum arm, the mass is said to reside where?

amplitude of their initial displacement

the period of a pendulum is independent on what?

amplitude of their initial displacement

the period of a spring mass system in SHM are independent on w…

Periodic Motion

Period

Frequency

Hertz

motion that repeats in a regular cycle

time it takes to complete one full cycle

how many cycles in 1 sec

"cycles per second" (unit of Frequency)

Periodic Motion

motion that repeats in a regular cycle

Period

time it takes to complete one full cycle

Period

Effects of amplitude, mass, and length…

Period of a pendulum equation

Frequency

time it takes to make one round trip... "T"

amplitude: none... mass: none... length: longer length -> period len…

how often one cycle or period occurs

Period

time it takes to make one round trip... "T"

Effects of amplitude, mass, and length…

amplitude: none... mass: none... length: longer length -> period len…

___________ is regular, repeating, and…

An object is in its _______________ whe…

What causes periodic motion?

The force that brings a system back tow…

periodic motion

equilibrium position

force

restoring force

___________ is regular, repeating, and…

periodic motion

An object is in its _______________ whe…

equilibrium position

What are the important equations associ…

What are the important equations associ…

What is the difference between a transv…

How do standing waves behave?

spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at ma…

Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcosθ…

Transverse is perpendicular to direction of propagation (radio…

Figures A and C:... ƒ(of n)=nv/2L... λ(of n)=2L/n... Figure B:... ƒ(of n)=…

What are the important equations associ…

spring constant k ... F=-kx... ω = √(k/m) ... PE=½kx²... PEmax is at ma…

What are the important equations associ…

Force constant mg/L ... F(restoring)=-mgsinθ... F(tension) = mgcosθ…