Study sets matching "physics science"

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Study sets matching "physics science"

52 terms
Physical Science Physics Review
Frame of Reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Movement in relation to a frame of reference
The length of a path between two points
A quantity that has a magnitude and a direction
Frame of Reference
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Relative Motion
Movement in relation to a frame of reference
Physical Science Physics Vocabulary
mass
velocity
acceleration
speed
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Speed in a given direction
Change in velocity over time
Distance an object travels per unit of time
mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
velocity
Speed in a given direction
53 terms
Physical Science - Physics
Standard
Volume
Mass
Distance
An exact quantity that people agree to use to compare measure…
Amount of space occupied by an object
Measurement of the quantity of matter in an object
How far an object moves
Standard
An exact quantity that people agree to use to compare measure…
Volume
Amount of space occupied by an object
25 terms
Physical Science
Atmosphere
Atmospheric pressure
Barometer
mmHg
The mass of air surrounding a planet
The pressure exerted by the atmosphere on all objects within…
An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
millimeters of mercury
Atmosphere
The mass of air surrounding a planet
Atmospheric pressure
The pressure exerted by the atmosphere on all objects within…
Energy :: Physics :: Physical Science
energy
electrical energy
mechanical energy
light energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
A form of energy made by the movement of an object or its pos…
A form of energy that travels through space and can be seen b…
energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
electrical energy
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
27 terms
Science | Physics
force
acceleration
normal force
external force
a push or pull of one object on another object, measured in N…
changing speed of an object
the force "pushing back" like a table (R or N)
push or pull acting ON an object
force
a push or pull of one object on another object, measured in N…
acceleration
changing speed of an object
Circuits :: Physics :: Physical Science
electrical circuit
electric current
open circuit
closed circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
A broken pathway. Electricity cannot flow through an open cir…
A complete pathway. Electricity can flow through a closed cir…
electrical circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
electric current
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
15 terms
Physical Science
Matter
Mass
Volume
Weight
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A measure of the amount of matter in an object.
Amount of space an object takes up.
A measure of the force of gravity on an object.
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object.
Physical Science
Atomic number
Atomic mass
group number
protons
equal to the number of protons
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
equal to the number of valence electrons
positive charge, found in nucleus
Atomic number
equal to the number of protons
Atomic mass
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
72 terms
Physical Science
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Convection Current
Heat transfer through direct contact
Heat transfer through fluids (liquids or gases) moving
Heat transfer through heat waves
The circular flow of a fluid
Conduction
Heat transfer through direct contact
Convection
Heat transfer through fluids (liquids or gases) moving
12 terms
Physical Science
observing
Inference
prediction
chemistry
using one or more of your senses to gather information
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and observa…
making a statement about the future
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
observing
using one or more of your senses to gather information
Inference
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and observa…
27 terms
Physical Science
matter
substance
chemical property
atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
The basic particle from which all elements are made.
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
substance
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
21 terms
Physical Science
Hypothesis
Variable
Dependent variable
Independent variable
possible explanation for a problem
a factor that can change the results of an experiment
it's values change according to the change in other variables
the variable you change to see how it affects the others
Hypothesis
possible explanation for a problem
Variable
a factor that can change the results of an experiment
physical science
physical change
chemical change
physical properties
chemical properties
A change in a substance that does not involve a change in the…
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
The characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
Characteristics of a substance that determine how it will rea…
physical change
A change in a substance that does not involve a change in the…
chemical change
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
10 terms
Circuits :: Physics :: Physical Science
electrical circuit
electric current
open circuit
closed circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
A broken pathway. Electricity cannot flow through an open cir…
A complete pathway. Electricity can flow through a closed cir…
electrical circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
electric current
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
Circuits :: Physics :: Physical Science
electrical circuit
electric current
open circuit
closed circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
A broken pathway. Electricity cannot flow through an open cir…
A complete pathway. Electricity can flow through a closed cir…
electrical circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
electric current
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
26 terms
Physical Science
Physical Properties
Sink
Float
Matter
The look, feel,taste, sound, or smell of an object
To drop below the surface level of a liquid
To stay on the surface level of a liquid
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Physical Properties
The look, feel,taste, sound, or smell of an object
Sink
To drop below the surface level of a liquid
Energy :: Physics :: Physical Science
energy
electrical energy
mechanical energy
light energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
A form of energy made by the movement of an object or its pos…
A form of energy that travels through space and can be seen b…
energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
electrical energy
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
28 terms
Physical Science
speed
velocity
acceleration
momentum
how quickly an object moves a distance ... speed = distance/ time
how quickly and object moves a distance in a certain direction.
rate of change of velocity of an object.... Acc = change in spee…
is the product of the mass and velocity of an object.... m = mas…
speed
how quickly an object moves a distance ... speed = distance/ time
velocity
how quickly and object moves a distance in a certain direction.
25 terms
Physical Science
speed
velocity
m/s
m/s North
distance/time
speed with direction
speed
velocity
speed
distance/time
velocity
speed with direction
40 terms
Physical Science
Acceleration
Amplitude
Boiling point
Chemical change
the rate at which velocity is changing
the maximum absolute variation of any periodic function
the temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas
the change of a substance into a new substance
Acceleration
the rate at which velocity is changing
Amplitude
the maximum absolute variation of any periodic function
70 terms
Physical Science Physics SG Final
Distance
Displacement
Velocity
Speed
the total length traveled. ... variable: d... units: miles, km, in,…
the total length traveled away from the starting position... var…
the speed in a given direction... variable: v ... units: km/hr, ft/…
the total distance traveled per unit of time ... variable: s ... un…
Distance
the total length traveled. ... variable: d... units: miles, km, in,…
Displacement
the total length traveled away from the starting position... var…
72 terms
Physical Science - Physics vocab stack
speed
net force
gravity
independent variable
movement from one place to another over time; distance divide…
the amount of force that overcomes an opposing force to cause…
the attractive force that exists between any two objects that…
variable in an experiment that is manipulated by the experime…
speed
movement from one place to another over time; distance divide…
net force
the amount of force that overcomes an opposing force to cause…
Physical Science
mass
states of matter
magnetism
relative density
amount of matter in an object; measure with a triple beam bal…
matter can be a solid, liquid, or gas
an object''s ability to be attracted to a magnet; steel, iron…
if an object floats or sinks in water or compared to another…
mass
amount of matter in an object; measure with a triple beam bal…
states of matter
matter can be a solid, liquid, or gas
21 terms
Science: Physics
Force
Balanced forces
Unbalanced forces
Gravity
A push or pull exerted on an object
equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions
Forces that produce a nonzero net force, which changes an obj…
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
Balanced forces
equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions
17 terms
Science: Physics
Vector
Newton
newton
Force & ME
quantity that has a magnitude and direction
Sir Isaac Newton
S.I. unit of force
a push or pull on an object... force=mass x acceleration
Vector
quantity that has a magnitude and direction
Newton
Sir Isaac Newton
26 terms
Physical Science
frame of Reference
motion
Reference Point
Relative Motion
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
movement in relation to frame of reference
frame of Reference
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
18 terms
Physical Science
Matter
Properties of Matter
Mass
Volume
anything that has mass and volume
1. Specific- color, odor, size, shape, texture,brittleness... 2.…
The amount of matter in an object... basic unit of mass = gram (g)
The amount of space taken up by an object... basic unit of volum…
Matter
anything that has mass and volume
Properties of Matter
1. Specific- color, odor, size, shape, texture,brittleness... 2.…
28 terms
Physical Science
Net force
Zero Net Force
Friction
Applied Force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
a balanced force resulting in an object remaining at rest or…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
a force which is applied to an object by a person or another…
Net force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
Zero Net Force
a balanced force resulting in an object remaining at rest or…
Physics - The Science of Physics
Accuracy
Controlled Experiment
Model
Precision
Describes how close a measured value is to the true value of…
Experiment involving manipulations of a single variable or fa…
A replica or description designed to show the structure or wo…
Refers to the degree of exactness with which a measurement is…
Accuracy
Describes how close a measured value is to the true value of…
Controlled Experiment
Experiment involving manipulations of a single variable or fa…
52 terms
DSST Physical Science - Physics
Motion
Force
Acceleration
Inertia
the action or process of moving or being moved
strength or energy as an attribute of physical action or move…
the rate of change of velocity per unit of time
a property of matter by which it continues in its existing st…
Motion
the action or process of moving or being moved
Force
strength or energy as an attribute of physical action or move…
73 terms
Physical Science
Mass
Volume
Density
Physical Property
The amount of matter in an object.
The amount of space occupied by an object.
The mass per unit volume of a material.
A quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or…
Mass
The amount of matter in an object.
Volume
The amount of space occupied by an object.
49 terms
Physical Science
Science
Quantitative
Qualitative
Observation
Knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts…
numeric measurements. tative
descriptions in words of what is being observed. tative
Information gathered by using one or more of the five senses…
Science
Knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts…
Quantitative
numeric measurements. tative
75 terms
Science: Physics
black body
black body
black body
black body
An idealized physical system that will absorb all light shown…
The Rayleigh-Jeans law is a failed classical law predicting t…
Planck's law is the quantum mechanical law governing the emis…
Wien's displacement law can tell you the maximum emission wav…
black body
An idealized physical system that will absorb all light shown…
black body
The Rayleigh-Jeans law is a failed classical law predicting t…
Physical Science Physics: Forces
Force
Newton
Net Fore
Friction
A push or pull that has the ability to change an objects velo…
The unit for measuring force. It is equal to Kg*m/s/s
The overall force acting on an object after all forces are co…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that has the ability to change an objects velo…
Newton
The unit for measuring force. It is equal to Kg*m/s/s
29 terms
Science: Physics
Einstein's theory of relativity
vectors
componets
resultant
1) when you have two objects it is not possible to tell which…
are in a direction and have a magnitude ... ex: force, velocity,…
individual parts
total of all combined
Einstein's theory of relativity
1) when you have two objects it is not possible to tell which…
vectors
are in a direction and have a magnitude ... ex: force, velocity,…
72 terms
Science MSA - Physical Science
chemical change
chemical property
compound
density
A change where substances are changed into entirely new subst…
A property that describes a substance's ability to change int…
two or more atoms chemically bonded together
mass divided by volume
chemical change
A change where substances are changed into entirely new subst…
chemical property
A property that describes a substance's ability to change int…
Physical Science
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Sublimation
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume... A form…
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
Solid to a gas
Solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume... A form…
Liquid
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
Physical Science - Physics
Dynamics
Friction
Centripetal force
Electrical force (electromagnetism)
the study of the relationship btwn motion and the forces affe…
direction of friction = opposite to the direction of motion
when object moves in circular path, force directed towards ce…
- force btwn 2 charged objects... - Coulomb's law... - like charges…
Dynamics
the study of the relationship btwn motion and the forces affe…
Friction
direction of friction = opposite to the direction of motion
Physical Science
troposphere
temperature inversion
greenhouse effect
jet stream
a layer extended an average of 12km above Earth's surface.
occurs when air temperature increases with altitude and the a…
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere wa…
a narrow band of fast-moving, high-altitude air.
troposphere
a layer extended an average of 12km above Earth's surface.
temperature inversion
occurs when air temperature increases with altitude and the a…
Physical Science
hydrogen
helium
lithium
boron
H
He
Li
B
hydrogen
H
helium
He
17 terms
Physical Science (physics & Chemistry)
Matter -->
Properties of Matter -->
Atoms -->
electrons --->
Everything that makes up of the world; anything that has mass…
include objects such as density, color, mass, volume, length,…
the basic unit of a chemical element.
subatomic particle, symbol e- or B-, With a negative elementa…
Matter -->
Everything that makes up of the world; anything that has mass…
Properties of Matter -->
include objects such as density, color, mass, volume, length,…
12 terms
Energy :: Physics :: Physical Science
energy
electrical energy
mechanical energy
light energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
A form of energy made by the movement of an object or its pos…
A form of energy that travels through space and can be seen b…
energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
electrical energy
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
5 terms
Physical Science (Laws of Science)
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Conservation of Energy
Newton's First Law of Motion (Inertia)
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Matter is neither created nor destroyed only transformed.
Energy cannot be created or destroyed only transferred or tra…
An object at rest will stay at rest, unless acted on by a for…
Force causes an object to accelerate, while the objects mass…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter is neither created nor destroyed only transformed.
Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed only transferred or tra…
Physical Science - Physics
Force
Kinetic
Potential
Work
Push or pull
The energy of a moving object
Stored energy
The transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an obje…
Force
Push or pull
Kinetic
The energy of a moving object
55 terms
Science Physics
Frequency
Wavelength
Medium
Mechanical Wave
how often, the number of events per time ... F=n/t cycles per se…
Lamda, horizontal component or length of the wave where it re…
A wave requires a substance to move through it. the medium ca…
needs a medium solid liquid, gas
Frequency
how often, the number of events per time ... F=n/t cycles per se…
Wavelength
Lamda, horizontal component or length of the wave where it re…
Physical Science
inertia
friction
force
speed
An object in motion will stay in motion and and object that's…
a force that slows down moving objects.
a push or a pull.
How fast an object is moving. (how far something goes in an a…
inertia
An object in motion will stay in motion and and object that's…
friction
a force that slows down moving objects.
science physics
electricity
static charge
charge
insolator
A form of energy caused by the movement of electrons.
A charge on a material that is said to be either positive or…
A measure of the extra positive or negative particles that an…
Does not allow electricity to pass through it eaisily
electricity
A form of energy caused by the movement of electrons.
static charge
A charge on a material that is said to be either positive or…
23 terms
physical science
atom
electron
nucleolus
protons
is the smallest particle of an element
the negatively charged particles
positively charged particle
positively charged particles
atom
is the smallest particle of an element
electron
the negatively charged particles
8 terms
Physical Science Chapter 18
octet rule
electronegativity
covalent bond
Lewis structure
States that atoms lose, gain or share electrons in order to a…
(chemistry) the tendency of an atom or radical to attract ele…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
A structural formula in which electrons are represented by do…
octet rule
States that atoms lose, gain or share electrons in order to a…
electronegativity
(chemistry) the tendency of an atom or radical to attract ele…
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