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Study sets matching "physics science"

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Study sets matching "physics science"

25 terms
Physical Science
Atmosphere
Atmospheric pressure
Barometer
mmHg
The mass of air surrounding a planet
The pressure exerted by the atmosphere on all objects within…
An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
millimeters of mercury
Atmosphere
The mass of air surrounding a planet
Atmospheric pressure
The pressure exerted by the atmosphere on all objects within…
92 terms
Physical Science
Atomic number
Atomic mass
group number
protons
equal to the number of protons
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
equal to the number of valence electrons
positive charge, found in nucleus
Atomic number
equal to the number of protons
Atomic mass
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
12 terms
Energy :: Physics :: Physical Science
energy
electrical energy
mechanical energy
light energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
A form of energy made by the movement of an object or its pos…
A form of energy that travels through space and can be seen b…
energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
electrical energy
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
10 terms
Circuits :: Physics :: Physical Science
electrical circuit
electric current
open circuit
closed circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
A broken pathway. Electricity cannot flow through an open cir…
A complete pathway. Electricity can flow through a closed cir…
electrical circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
electric current
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
15 terms
Physical Science
Matter
Mass
Volume
Weight
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A measure of the amount of matter in an object.
Amount of space an object takes up.
A measure of the force of gravity on an object.
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object.
23 terms
physical science
atom
electron
nucleolus
protons
is the smallest particle of an element
the negatively charged particles
positively charged particle
positively charged particles
atom
is the smallest particle of an element
electron
the negatively charged particles
12 terms
Physical Science
observing
Inference
prediction
chemistry
using one or more of your senses to gather information
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and observa…
making a statement about the future
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
observing
using one or more of your senses to gather information
Inference
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and observa…
53 terms
Physical Science - Physics
Standard
Volume
Mass
Distance
An exact quantity that people agree to use to compare measure…
Amount of space occupied by an object
Measurement of the quantity of matter in an object
How far an object moves
Standard
An exact quantity that people agree to use to compare measure…
Volume
Amount of space occupied by an object
27 terms
Physical Science
matter
substance
chemical property
atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
The basic particle from which all elements are made.
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
substance
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
10 terms
physical science
physical change
chemical change
physical properties
chemical properties
A change in a substance that does not involve a change in the…
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
The characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
Characteristics of a substance that determine how it will rea…
physical change
A change in a substance that does not involve a change in the…
chemical change
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
26 terms
Physical Science
Physical Properties
Sink
Float
Matter
The look, feel,taste, sound, or smell of an object
To drop below the surface level of a liquid
To stay on the surface level of a liquid
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Physical Properties
The look, feel,taste, sound, or smell of an object
Sink
To drop below the surface level of a liquid
21 terms
Physical Science
Hypothesis
Variable
Dependent variable
Independent variable
possible explanation for a problem
a factor that can change the results of an experiment
it's values change according to the change in other variables
the variable you change to see how it affects the others
Hypothesis
possible explanation for a problem
Variable
a factor that can change the results of an experiment
28 terms
Physical Science
speed
velocity
acceleration
momentum
how quickly an object moves a distance ... speed = distance/ time
how quickly and object moves a distance in a certain direction.
rate of change of velocity of an object.... Acc = change in spee…
is the product of the mass and velocity of an object.... m = mas…
speed
how quickly an object moves a distance ... speed = distance/ time
velocity
how quickly and object moves a distance in a certain direction.
24 terms
Physical Science
mass
states of matter
magnetism
relative density
amount of matter in an object; measure with a triple beam bal…
matter can be a solid, liquid, or gas
an object''s ability to be attracted to a magnet; steel, iron…
if an object floats or sinks in water or compared to another…
mass
amount of matter in an object; measure with a triple beam bal…
states of matter
matter can be a solid, liquid, or gas
12 terms
Energy :: Physics :: Physical Science
energy
electrical energy
mechanical energy
light energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
A form of energy made by the movement of an object or its pos…
A form of energy that travels through space and can be seen b…
energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
electrical energy
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
10 terms
Circuits :: Physics :: Physical Science
electrical circuit
electric current
open circuit
closed circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
A broken pathway. Electricity cannot flow through an open cir…
A complete pathway. Electricity can flow through a closed cir…
electrical circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
electric current
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
10 terms
Circuits :: Physics :: Physical Science
electrical circuit
electric current
open circuit
closed circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
A broken pathway. Electricity cannot flow through an open cir…
A complete pathway. Electricity can flow through a closed cir…
electrical circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
electric current
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
18 terms
Physical Science
Matter
Properties of Matter
Mass
Volume
anything that has mass and volume
1. Specific- color, odor, size, shape, texture,brittleness... 2.…
The amount of matter in an object... basic unit of mass = gram (g)
The amount of space taken up by an object... basic unit of volum…
Matter
anything that has mass and volume
Properties of Matter
1. Specific- color, odor, size, shape, texture,brittleness... 2.…
21 terms
Science: Physics
Force
Balanced forces
Unbalanced forces
Gravity
A push or pull exerted on an object
equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions
Forces that produce a nonzero net force, which changes an obj…
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Force
A push or pull exerted on an object
Balanced forces
equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions
17 terms
Science: Physics
Vector
Newton
newton
Force & ME
quantity that has a magnitude and direction
Sir Isaac Newton
S.I. unit of force
a push or pull on an object... force=mass x acceleration
Vector
quantity that has a magnitude and direction
Newton
Sir Isaac Newton
26 terms
Physical Science
frame of Reference
motion
Reference Point
Relative Motion
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
movement in relation to frame of reference
frame of Reference
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
70 terms
Physical Science Physics SG Final
Distance
Displacement
Velocity
Speed
the total length traveled. ... variable: d... units: miles, km, in,…
the total length traveled away from the starting position... var…
the speed in a given direction... variable: v ... units: km/hr, ft/…
the total distance traveled per unit of time ... variable: s ... un…
Distance
the total length traveled. ... variable: d... units: miles, km, in,…
Displacement
the total length traveled away from the starting position... var…
31 terms
Physical Science - Physics
Dynamics
Friction
Centripetal force
Electrical force (electromagnetism)
the study of the relationship btwn motion and the forces affe…
direction of friction = opposite to the direction of motion
when object moves in circular path, force directed towards ce…
- force btwn 2 charged objects... - Coulomb's law... - like charges…
Dynamics
the study of the relationship btwn motion and the forces affe…
Friction
direction of friction = opposite to the direction of motion
119 terms
Science - Physics
Define speed and calculate speed from
Distinguish between speed and velocity
Be able to distinguish between the mas…
Demonstrate understanding that mass is…
Total distance/ total time
VECTOR - Velocity is the change of displacement over time (…
Mass - amount of particles in a substance. same regardless of…
If a force is applied to an object, it will not immediately r…
Define speed and calculate speed from
Total distance/ total time
Distinguish between speed and velocity
VECTOR - Velocity is the change of displacement over time (…
17 terms
Physical Science Physics Vocabulary
mass
velocity
acceleration
speed
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Speed in a given direction
Change in velocity over time
Distance an object travels per unit of time
mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
velocity
Speed in a given direction
72 terms
Science MSA - Physical Science
chemical change
chemical property
compound
density
A change where substances are changed into entirely new subst…
A property that describes a substance's ability to change int…
two or more atoms chemically bonded together
mass divided by volume
chemical change
A change where substances are changed into entirely new subst…
chemical property
A property that describes a substance's ability to change int…
49 terms
Physical Science
Science
Quantitative
Qualitative
Observation
Knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts…
numeric measurements. tative
descriptions in words of what is being observed. tative
Information gathered by using one or more of the five senses…
Science
Knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts…
Quantitative
numeric measurements. tative
52 terms
DSST Physical Science - Physics
Motion
Force
Acceleration
Inertia
the action or process of moving or being moved
strength or energy as an attribute of physical action or move…
the rate of change of velocity per unit of time
a property of matter by which it continues in its existing st…
Motion
the action or process of moving or being moved
Force
strength or energy as an attribute of physical action or move…
41 terms
Physical Science
hydrogen
helium
lithium
boron
H
He
Li
B
hydrogen
H
helium
He
13 terms
Physical Science
troposphere
temperature inversion
greenhouse effect
jet stream
a layer extended an average of 12km above Earth's surface.
occurs when air temperature increases with altitude and the a…
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere wa…
a narrow band of fast-moving, high-altitude air.
troposphere
a layer extended an average of 12km above Earth's surface.
temperature inversion
occurs when air temperature increases with altitude and the a…
75 terms
Science: Physics
black body
black body
black body
black body
An idealized physical system that will absorb all light shown…
The Rayleigh-Jeans law is a failed classical law predicting t…
Planck's law is the quantum mechanical law governing the emis…
Wien's displacement law can tell you the maximum emission wav…
black body
An idealized physical system that will absorb all light shown…
black body
The Rayleigh-Jeans law is a failed classical law predicting t…
14 terms
Integrated Science- Physics
motion
frame of reference
distance
speed
process of going from one place to another
stationary object used to determine if another object is movi…
the amount of space or length between two points
measure of how long it takes to cover a certain distance; s=d…
motion
process of going from one place to another
frame of reference
stationary object used to determine if another object is movi…
29 terms
Science: Physics
Einstein's theory of relativity
vectors
componets
resultant
1) when you have two objects it is not possible to tell which…
are in a direction and have a magnitude ... ex: force, velocity,…
individual parts
total of all combined
Einstein's theory of relativity
1) when you have two objects it is not possible to tell which…
vectors
are in a direction and have a magnitude ... ex: force, velocity,…
49 terms
Science - Physics
Energy
Work Energy
Formula for Work
Kinetic Energy
...
Energy used to apply a force to move an object a distance.
W = Force x Distance
Energy of movement.
Energy
...
Work Energy
Energy used to apply a force to move an object a distance.
28 terms
Physical Science
Net force
Zero Net Force
Friction
Applied Force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
a balanced force resulting in an object remaining at rest or…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
a force which is applied to an object by a person or another…
Net force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
Zero Net Force
a balanced force resulting in an object remaining at rest or…
46 terms
Science - Physics
Explain how atoms and charge are related
Define static electricity
Describe how static electricity can be…
Define current electricity
Charged atom -----> ion - gains or loses electrons
The build - up of electric charge on a surface.
A surface is being rubbed against another surface and the ele…
The continuous flow of electronic charges (electrons) through…
Explain how atoms and charge are related
Charged atom -----> ion - gains or loses electrons
Define static electricity
The build - up of electric charge on a surface.
20 terms
Science physics
Formula for Distance Speed and Time
What is a force? What is it measured in?
Balanced forces are ...
Netforce
A push or a pull, Newtons (N)
- Equal Forces in opposite directions... - Cancel each other out…
Combination of forces on an object... Balanced forces have a net…
Formula for Distance Speed and Time
What is a force? What is it measured in?
A push or a pull, Newtons (N)
17 terms
Physical Science
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Sublimation
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume... A form…
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
Solid to a gas
Solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume... A form…
Liquid
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
24 terms
Physical Science
frame of Reference
motion
Reference Point
Relative Motion
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
movement in relation to frame of reference
frame of Reference
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
66 terms
Physical Science - Physics
Force
Kinetic
Potential
Work
Push or pull
The energy of a moving object
Stored energy
The transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an obje…
Force
Push or pull
Kinetic
The energy of a moving object
21 terms
Physical Science Forces in Motion
Force
Newton
Net Force
Friction
A push or pull that acts on an object
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
The overall force acting on an object after all the forces ar…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Newton
A unit of measure that equals the force required to accelerat…
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
mixture
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
colloid
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
a mixture that appears to be the same throughout
a homogeneous mixture with particles permanently suspended
mixture
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
heterogeneous mixture
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
24 terms
General Science Praxis -- Physics
Terminal Velocity
Newton's Laws of Motion
Inertia
Archimedes' principle
The velocity at which a falling body moves through a medium,…
1. In motion stays in motion unless acted upon... 2. F = ma... 3.…
The resistance of any physical object to a change in its stat…
An object is immersed in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equa…
Terminal Velocity
The velocity at which a falling body moves through a medium,…
Newton's Laws of Motion
1. In motion stays in motion unless acted upon... 2. F = ma... 3.…
12 terms
Energy :: Physics :: Physical Science
energy
electrical energy
mechanical energy
light energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
A form of energy made by the movement of an object or its pos…
A form of energy that travels through space and can be seen b…
energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
electrical energy
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
72 terms
Physical Science
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Convection Current
Heat transfer through direct contact
Heat transfer through fluids (liquids or gases) moving
Heat transfer through heat waves
The circular flow of a fluid
Conduction
Heat transfer through direct contact
Convection
Heat transfer through fluids (liquids or gases) moving
10 terms
Atoms 2 Physical Science
Antoine La Vosier
John Dalton
J.J. Thomson
Aristotle
Gave us the Law of Conservation of Matter, was later beheaded…
An English School Teacher who took the knowledge of his time…
He discovered the electron by working with cathode tubes
He was an early Greek philosopher who believed that matter wa…
Antoine La Vosier
Gave us the Law of Conservation of Matter, was later beheaded…
John Dalton
An English School Teacher who took the knowledge of his time…
11 terms
Physical Science
Boiling Point
Chemical Properties
Heterogeneous
Homogeneous
The temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas. The boili…
Characteristics of substances that describe their composition…
A type of mixture in which different parts can be easily dist…
A type of mixture in which the different parts are blended ev…
Boiling Point
The temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas. The boili…
Chemical Properties
Characteristics of substances that describe their composition…
37 terms
Science Physics
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Who was Galileo?
What did Galileo discover?
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
An italian scientist who invented the refracting telescope an…
Galileo discovered four moons orbiting jupiter
Geocentric
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
Heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
55 terms
Science Physics
Frequency
Wavelength
Medium
Mechanical Wave
how often, the number of events per time ... F=n/t cycles per se…
Lamda, horizontal component or length of the wave where it re…
A wave requires a substance to move through it. the medium ca…
needs a medium solid liquid, gas
Frequency
how often, the number of events per time ... F=n/t cycles per se…
Wavelength
Lamda, horizontal component or length of the wave where it re…
12 terms
physics terms science
gravity
weight
pressure
matter
Force that pulls objects down to the center oth the earth is
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
Force per unit area.
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
gravity
Force that pulls objects down to the center oth the earth is
weight
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
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