# physics Flashcards

Browse 500 sets of physics flashcards

independent variable

dependent variable (with units)

controlled experiment

line slope formula

The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whos…

The measurable effect, outcome, or response in which the resea…

An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a t…

an equation that describes a straight line

independent variable

The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whos…

dependent variable (with units)

The measurable effect, outcome, or response in which the resea…

ammeter

galvanometer

solenoid

voltmeter

- an instrument that measures the strength of an electric curr…

- an instrument composed of a solenoid between the poles of a…

- a number of loops in a current-carrying wire serving as a co…

- an instrument that measures the potential difference between…

ammeter

- an instrument that measures the strength of an electric curr…

galvanometer

- an instrument composed of a solenoid between the poles of a…

Proton

Electron

Nucleus

Neutron

A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is fo…

A subatomic particle that has a negative charge and that is fo…

the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons

A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in t…

Proton

A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is fo…

Electron

A subatomic particle that has a negative charge and that is fo…

Force

Net Force

W = mg

Force of Friction

A push or pull

The total amount of force acting on an object, from the sum of…

The weight force pulling down on a mass in Newtons

A retarding force that acts on an object opposite the directio…

Force

A push or pull

Net Force

The total amount of force acting on an object, from the sum of…

light

Visible light, infrared, ultra violet,…

the range of visible light for humans

Color of an opaque object depends on wh…

a type of wave called electromagnetic waves

electromagnetic waves

violet to red

pigments and wavelengths of visible light

light

a type of wave called electromagnetic waves

Visible light, infrared, ultra violet,…

electromagnetic waves

Newton's First Law

Newton's Second Law

Newton's Third Law

electric current

An object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays…

Force = mass x acceleration

For every action force there is an equal and opposite reaction…

rate of flow of electrical charge past a point

Newton's First Law

An object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays…

Newton's Second Law

Force = mass x acceleration

harmonic motion

cycle

oscillation

ocsillator

repeating motion; also called oscillatory motion

a unit of oscillation that repeats

a motion that repeats regularly

a system that shows harmonic motion

harmonic motion

repeating motion; also called oscillatory motion

cycle

a unit of oscillation that repeats

vector

scalar

kinematics

position

quantity that involves both magnitude and direction

a quantity that does not involve a direction

mathematical tools for describing motion in terms of displacem…

location in some point in space

vector

quantity that involves both magnitude and direction

scalar

a quantity that does not involve a direction

Inertia

hypothesis

Scientific Method

scientific hypothesis

An objects tendency to remain at rest

An educated guess that has yet to be proven by experiment

Problem, hypothesis, experiment, analyze data, conclusion

a prediction that can be tested

Inertia

An objects tendency to remain at rest

hypothesis

An educated guess that has yet to be proven by experiment

motion is relative

motion

speed

rate

everything is in motion... - relative to some reference frame... - a…

An object's change in position relative to a reference point.

rate of change in position... distance travelled per unit of time

Any change over time

motion is relative

everything is in motion... - relative to some reference frame... - a…

motion

An object's change in position relative to a reference point.

crest

wavelength

Amplitude

trough

Highest point of a wave

Horizontal distance between the crests or between the troughs…

Height of a wave- associated with volume in sound

Lowest point of a wave

crest

Highest point of a wave

wavelength

Horizontal distance between the crests or between the troughs…

Vectors

Scalars

Displacement (Δx)

Average Velocity

Physical quantities with both magnitude and direction (i.e. fo…

Physical quantities that have magnitude but no direction (i.e.…

Change in position that goes in a straight-line path from the…

v=Δx/Δt (SI unit: m/s)

Vectors

Physical quantities with both magnitude and direction (i.e. fo…

Scalars

Physical quantities that have magnitude but no direction (i.e.…

Examples of Renewable Energy Resources…

Neutral Wire

Live wire

Fuse

Wind power, Wave Power Hydroelectric Power, Tidal Power, Solar…

Completes the circuit with the power station. It is held at 0V

Completes the circuit with the power station. It varies betwee…

This should be connected to the live wire. It protects your ap…

Examples of Renewable Energy Resources…

Wind power, Wave Power Hydroelectric Power, Tidal Power, Solar…

Neutral Wire

Completes the circuit with the power station. It is held at 0V

Properties of Light

James Maxwell

Louis de Braglie

Examples of Light as a Wave

1) Is a Transverse Wave... 2) Doesn't need a Medium... 3) Is an Elec…

Studied light as a wave.

Studied light as a particle.

Reflection... Refraction... Interference... Polarization

Properties of Light

1) Is a Transverse Wave... 2) Doesn't need a Medium... 3) Is an Elec…

James Maxwell

Studied light as a wave.

Physics

Isaac Newton

Reference Point

Motion

science that deals with matter, energy, motion and force

english philopspher and mathematcian formulator of the law of…

a basic or standard for evaluation

a objects change in motion

Physics

science that deals with matter, energy, motion and force

Isaac Newton

english philopspher and mathematcian formulator of the law of…

Scientific Process

Hypothesis

Independent Variable

Dependent Variable

principles and procedures for the systematic pursuit of knowle…

a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of lim…

a variable (often denoted by x ) whose variation does not depe…

a variable (often denoted by y ) whose value depends on that o…

Scientific Process

principles and procedures for the systematic pursuit of knowle…

Hypothesis

a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of lim…

normal force on a flat surface =

Normal force when a force acts downward

Normal force when a force acts upward

Normal force on an incline

Just the weight, N=mg

Normal force is greater than the weight (N=mg+F sin θ)

Normal force is less than the weight (N=mg - F sin θ)

The Normal force is less than the weight (N=mg cos θ)

normal force on a flat surface =

Just the weight, N=mg

Normal force when a force acts downward

Normal force is greater than the weight (N=mg+F sin θ)

Final Velocity

position

Final Velocity Squared

Newton's Second Law

This equation shows how to calculate the final velocity "v"of…

This equation shows how to calculate the final position "x" ba…

This equation shows how to calculate the square of the final v…

This equation shows how to calculate the net force acting ON a…

Final Velocity

This equation shows how to calculate the final velocity "v"of…

position

This equation shows how to calculate the final position "x" ba…