Study sets matching "physio ex exercise"

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Study sets matching "physio ex exercise"

Exercise Physiology Ex 1
Muscle Performance
Muscular Strength
Muscular Endurance
Muscular Power
Capacity of a muscle or group of muscles to generate force... M…
Ability of a muscle or group of muscles to generate maximal f…
Ability of a muscle or group of muscles to contract repeatedl…
Ability of a muscle or group of muscles to quickly generate f…
Muscle Performance
Capacity of a muscle or group of muscles to generate force... M…
Muscular Strength
Ability of a muscle or group of muscles to generate maximal f…
EXS 101- Exercise Physiology
At what levels do exercise physiologis…
What is Exercise Physiology?
What is acute exercise?
What is chronic exercise?
* Whole-Body Level (ex. Does a lifetime of exercise increase…
* The study of the responses of body function to exercise.... *…
Immediate responses
Long-term response
At what levels do exercise physiologis…
* Whole-Body Level (ex. Does a lifetime of exercise increase…
What is Exercise Physiology?
* The study of the responses of body function to exercise.... *…
Ex100 Exercise Physiology Chapter 5
exercise physiology
acute
chronic
cardiovascular system
the study of the body's responses and its adaptations to the…
immediate effects
long term effects
heart and blood vessels
exercise physiology
the study of the body's responses and its adaptations to the…
acute
immediate effects
49 terms
TherEx Exam 1: Principles of Exercise Physiology
What are the three types of PT prevent…
What is primary prevention? What is an…
What is secondary prevention? What is…
What is tertiary prevention? What is a…
primary, secondary, & tertiary prevention.
For this, we identify risk factors and implement services to…
For this, we try to prevent or slow the progression of a func…
For this, we try to reduce the degree of a disability in indi…
What are the three types of PT prevent…
primary, secondary, & tertiary prevention.
What is primary prevention? What is an…
For this, we identify risk factors and implement services to…
27 terms
Anatomy PhysioEx Exercise 6, Cardiovascular Physiology
What is an extrasystole? When can an e…
When you increased the frequency of el…
What is the difference between skeleta…
What is the period of time between the…
An extrasystole is an extra ventricular contraction. It occur…
The amplitude remained the same despite the increase in frequ…
Skeletal muscle has a shorter absolute refractory period than…
Absolute refractory period
What is an extrasystole? When can an e…
An extrasystole is an extra ventricular contraction. It occur…
When you increased the frequency of el…
The amplitude remained the same despite the increase in frequ…
PhysioEx Exercise 4 Endocrine System Physiology
Metabolism
Hormone replacement therapy
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Broad range of biochemical reactions occurring in the body
PEx-67
When the pancreas does not produce enough insulin
When the pancreas produces sufficient insulin but the body fa…
Metabolism
Broad range of biochemical reactions occurring in the body
Hormone replacement therapy
PEx-67
123 terms
EXS-340 Physiology of Exercise Exam 1 Review
Glucose formula
Energy available for work
Fatty acids to acetyl compounds
Water added during the breakdown process
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36(38) ATP + Heat
Free energy
Beta Oxidation
Hydrolysis
Glucose formula
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + 36(38) ATP + Heat
Energy available for work
Free energy
58 terms
Exercise Physiology Ex. 2, Chapter 8 Cardiorespiratory responses to acute exercise
cardiovasc response to acute exercise
cv responses to acute exercise... involve…
rhr... normal ranges
Resting Heart Rate (RHR) response
increases blood flow to working muscle
Heart rate... Stroke volume... Cardiac output... Blood pressure... Blood…
Untrained RHR: 60 to 80 beats/min... Trained RHR: as low as 30 t…
Anticipatory response: HR increases above RHR just before sta…
cardiovasc response to acute exercise
increases blood flow to working muscle
cv responses to acute exercise... involve…
Heart rate... Stroke volume... Cardiac output... Blood pressure... Blood…
99 terms
EXS-340 Physiology of Exercise Exam 2 Review
A large maximum _______ output require…
This 2-word term describes the flow of…
The process by which air leaves the lu…
Cardiac output = heart rate x _______…
Cardiac
Pulmonary Ventilation
Expiration
Stroke
A large maximum _______ output require…
Cardiac
This 2-word term describes the flow of…
Pulmonary Ventilation
Exam Review: EXS 101 Exercise Physiology
What is acute exercise
What is chronic exercise
If you engage a type 2 diabetic in a r…
If you incorporate sprint training as…
immediate responses
long-term responses
Chronic
Chronic
What is acute exercise
immediate responses
What is chronic exercise
long-term responses
PTC EX1: Exercise Physiology T1
What rest interval between sets of 5RM…
Stroke volume refers to the __________…
Aerobic metabolism in the muscle cell…
Why would a low-intensity walking prog…
120 seconds
amount of blood expelled by the left ventricle per contractio…
mitochondria
low rate of caloric expenditure
What rest interval between sets of 5RM…
120 seconds
Stroke volume refers to the __________…
amount of blood expelled by the left ventricle per contractio…
Exercise Physiology
Heart
Atrium
Ventricle
Atrioventricular (Tricuspid + Bicuspid…
Muscular organ made from cardiac muscle that makes up two pum…
Receiving chamber of the heart that receives blood from the b…
Pumping chamber of the heart that sends blood to the lungs (r…
Prevent the back-flow of blood in the circulatory system. Fou…
Heart
Muscular organ made from cardiac muscle that makes up two pum…
Atrium
Receiving chamber of the heart that receives blood from the b…
Test 2 Exercise Physiology- Ex metabolism III
What does it mean when the R value is…
A high fat/low carb diet would mean
What metabolism is used in a low inten…
What metabolism is used in a high inte…
Its half fat and half carbohydrate
increased fat metabolism
fat metabolism
CHO metabolism
What does it mean when the R value is…
Its half fat and half carbohydrate
A high fat/low carb diet would mean
increased fat metabolism
Test 2 Exercise Physiology- Ex. metabolism IV
What is proteases
List the order of protein sources duri…
What is lactate as a fuel source
Route of lactate as a fuel source
break down protein
prolonged exercise ... increased calcium... increased proteases... inc…
direct fuel source by slow muscle fibers in skeletal muscle a…
converted to pyruvate... acetyl CoA... krebs cycle ... electron transp…
What is proteases
break down protein
List the order of protein sources duri…
prolonged exercise ... increased calcium... increased proteases... inc…
44 terms
Exercise Physiology
Cardiac cycle
Cardiac cycle at rest vs during exercise
regulation of heart rate
Regulation of HR
systole -> contraction (2/3 blood ejected from ventricle each…
Parasympathetic (via vagus nerve) slow HR by inhibiting SA an…
CO = HR x SV ... Pacemaker of the heart is the SA node -> para N…
Cardiac cycle
systole -> contraction (2/3 blood ejected from ventricle each…
Cardiac cycle at rest vs during exercise
78 terms
PhysioEX Exercise 2
Skeletal muscles are connected to bone…
Skeletal muscles are composed of hundr…
motor unit refers to
motor neuron and muscle fiber intersec…
tendons
fibers
one motor neuron and all skeletal muscle fibers it innervates
neuromuscular junction
Skeletal muscles are connected to bone…
tendons
Skeletal muscles are composed of hundr…
fibers
22 terms
oxy ex phys lecture 1: Principles of Exercise Physiology
MOASPRIM
Modifiable variables (9)
________________+__________________= p…
Fixed Variables (8)
ModifIability... Overload... Adaptation... Specificity (principle)... Per…
1. skill... 2. flexibility... 3. speed, strength, power... 4. body wei…
genotype+Environmental factors=phenotype... genotype--genetic m…
1. birth weight... 2. ethnicity... 3. height... 4. body size... 5. sex... 6.…
MOASPRIM
ModifIability... Overload... Adaptation... Specificity (principle)... Per…
Modifiable variables (9)
1. skill... 2. flexibility... 3. speed, strength, power... 4. body wei…
66 terms
PhysioEX Exercise 4
Which of the following statements abou…
Thyroxine is
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is
An injection of TSH to an otherwise no…
All of the energy from metabolism is ultimately stored in the…
the most important hormone for maintaining the metabolic rate…
produced in the pituitary gland.
goiter development
Which of the following statements abou…
All of the energy from metabolism is ultimately stored in the…
Thyroxine is
the most important hormone for maintaining the metabolic rate…
107 terms
Exercise Physiology: FINAL EXAM EX PHYS NOTEBOOK NOTES
Sport specific training ex's
best way to change up exercise....
Illnesses and working out.....
Illness: neck and UP===
Agility---football... Conditioning---running... Flexibility----gymn…
FITT principle
Neck and up--> you can work out... Neck and DOWN--->NOT advised…
workout
Sport specific training ex's
Agility---football... Conditioning---running... Flexibility----gymn…
best way to change up exercise....
FITT principle
37 terms
Exercise Physiology Ex. 2 Chapter 7, Respiratory System & its Regulation
resp system purpose
respiratory system carried out via 4 p…
pulmonary ventiliation
pulm vent continued
carry o2 to and remove co2 from all body tissues
pulmonary ventilation (external respiration)... pulmonary diffu…
process of moving air into & out of lungs... transport zone... exch…
lungs suspended by pleural sacs... parietal pleura lines thorac…
resp system purpose
carry o2 to and remove co2 from all body tissues
respiratory system carried out via 4 p…
pulmonary ventilation (external respiration)... pulmonary diffu…
39 terms
Exercise Physiology
Classification of Enzymes: Kinases
Classification of Enzymes: Dehydrogena…
Classification of Enzymes: Oxidases
Classification of Enzymes: Isomerases
Add a phosphate group
Remove hydrogen atoms
Catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions involving oxygen
Rearrangement of the structure of molecules
Classification of Enzymes: Kinases
Add a phosphate group
Classification of Enzymes: Dehydrogena…
Remove hydrogen atoms
43 terms
Exercise Training and Adaptations Exercise Physiology
Overload principle
Specificity principle
Individual differences principle
Reversibility principle
Must be working at or above 80% of max to see gains
Training needs to be specific to your sport of activity
everybody responds to exercise differently
use it or lose it
Overload principle
Must be working at or above 80% of max to see gains
Specificity principle
Training needs to be specific to your sport of activity
49 terms
PhysioEx Exercise 3
When the stimulus intensity increases,…
In this activity, which of the followi…
At threshold, axons will _______.
Longer stimuli will allow for _______.
the number of action potentials increases
increasing the duration of the stimulus
Likely generate an action potential if refractory periods hav…
more action potentials to occur, the absolute refractory peri…
When the stimulus intensity increases,…
the number of action potentials increases
In this activity, which of the followi…
increasing the duration of the stimulus
PhysioEX Exercise 2
Skeletal muscles are connected to bone…
Skeletal muscles are composed of hundr…
muscle fibers produce
motor unit refers to
tendons
Muscle fibers
muscle tension / muscle force
one motor neuron and all skeletal muscle fibers it innervates
Skeletal muscles are connected to bone…
tendons
Skeletal muscles are composed of hundr…
Muscle fibers
253 terms
Exercise Physiology
Cardiopulmonary
Cardiorespiratory
Respiration
Trachea
collective systems of the heart, blood vessels, and lungs tha…
refers to entire process of absorbing, circulating and consum…
the process of consuming O and producing CO2 within the mitoc…
from larynx to bronchi
Cardiopulmonary
collective systems of the heart, blood vessels, and lungs tha…
Cardiorespiratory
refers to entire process of absorbing, circulating and consum…
44 terms
PhysioEx Exercise 7
A
D
D
D
Which of the following structures or organs is NOT part of th…
What is the name of the respiratory tract passageway that lea…
Which of the following serves as a passageway for BOTH food o…
What is the name for the nostrils?... A) nasal conchae... B) nasal…
A
Which of the following structures or organs is NOT part of th…
D
What is the name of the respiratory tract passageway that lea…
Exercise Physiology
Anabolic
Catabolic
Exergonic
Endergonic
Construction
Deconstruction
Release energy
Required energy
Anabolic
Construction
Catabolic
Deconstruction
169 terms
physiology of exercise
vascular branching pattern (6)
heart Rate and a-v(O2) Difference Do N…
Jean Louis Pousille + law
pulsatile vs. steady state conditions
conduit, feed artery (last BV before tissue), 1A (in organ),…
- With increasing work rates, the CO of endurance athletes re…
-Pousille's Law: a measure used to quantify steady state vasc…
- pulsatile: CV operates this way but is rarely studied this…
vascular branching pattern (6)
conduit, feed artery (last BV before tissue), 1A (in organ),…
heart Rate and a-v(O2) Difference Do N…
- With increasing work rates, the CO of endurance athletes re…
51 terms
Exercise Physiology
What is homeostasis?
How does steady state differ from home…
What is negative feedback?
the role of the sensor in a biological…
maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
homeostasis is commonly used to denote a relatively constant…
an important class of biological control systems in the body…
a receptor in the body capable of detecting change in the var…
What is homeostasis?
maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
How does steady state differ from home…
homeostasis is commonly used to denote a relatively constant…
Exercise physiology
so as we exercise what happens
what is CO2 a product of
what is the role of the cardiovascular…
respiratory system role during exercise
1. more muscle contraction leads to increased need for ATP... 2.…
it is a byproduct of the citric acid cycle so that when you h…
supply sufficient O2 to the muscles and to maintain the adequ…
excrete the excess CO2 during the exercise period... PCO2 = (k)…
so as we exercise what happens
1. more muscle contraction leads to increased need for ATP... 2.…
what is CO2 a product of
it is a byproduct of the citric acid cycle so that when you h…
148 terms
Exercise Physiology Exam 2
action potential
resting membrane potential
Em
K
generation of small amount of current, sends info, generates…
nerve is off, -86mv
electrovotive force, very small
membrane 100x more permeable to this, 2 in with pump
action potential
generation of small amount of current, sends info, generates…
resting membrane potential
nerve is off, -86mv
19 terms
Exercise physiology
so as we exercise what happens
what is CO2 a product of
what is the role of the cardiovascular…
respiratory system role during exercise
1. more muscle contraction leads to increased need for ATP... 2.…
it is a byproduct of the citric acid cycle so that when you h…
supply sufficient O2 to the muscles and to maintain the adequ…
excrete the excess CO2 during the exercise period... PCO2 = (k)…
so as we exercise what happens
1. more muscle contraction leads to increased need for ATP... 2.…
what is CO2 a product of
it is a byproduct of the citric acid cycle so that when you h…
133 terms
Exercise Physiology Final
A set of chemical reactions that occur…
release...... breakdown
require...... synthesis
Oxidative phosphorylation
What is metabolism?
Fill in the blanks:... Catabolic reactions ____ energy in glucos…
Fill in the blanks:... Anabolic reactions ____ energy for glycog…
What occurs in the long term energy system?
A set of chemical reactions that occur…
What is metabolism?
release...... breakdown
Fill in the blanks:... Catabolic reactions ____ energy in glucos…
32 terms
PhysioEx Exercise 10
What is the normal range for the parti…
Hyperventilation can result in _______.
Respiratory alkalosis is characterized…
Why was the breath held after the seco…
35 - 45 mm Hg
too little carbon dioxide in the blood
greater than 7.45
to retain carbon dioxide
What is the normal range for the parti…
35 - 45 mm Hg
Hyperventilation can result in _______.
too little carbon dioxide in the blood
19 terms
PhysioEx Exercise 11
Hematocrit
Erythrocytes Sedimentation Rate
Rouleaux
Rouleau
Percentage of red blood cells in a sample. The higher this is…
Measures the settling of RBCs in a vertical, stationary tube…
Multiple stacks of RBCs
Single stack of RBCs
Hematocrit
Percentage of red blood cells in a sample. The higher this is…
Erythrocytes Sedimentation Rate
Measures the settling of RBCs in a vertical, stationary tube…
50 terms
Exercise Physiology
What were the findings of the seminal…
What is MET and what is its associatio…
How does physical inactivity contribut…
What are the different types of muscle…
- Lower levels of coronary heart disease in bus conductors th…
- MET (metabolic equivalent) = measure of exercise intensity…
- Physical inactivity leads to abdominal adiposity (visceral…
Distinguished according to myosin heavy chain isoform... - Type…
What were the findings of the seminal…
- Lower levels of coronary heart disease in bus conductors th…
What is MET and what is its associatio…
- MET (metabolic equivalent) = measure of exercise intensity…
19 terms
Exercise Physiology
What do we need for our body when we e…
How is oxygen delivered to the tissues…
What are normal oxygen delivery and co…
what does that mean our extraction rat…
What do we need for our body when we e…
How is oxygen delivered to the tissues…
53 terms
PhysioEX Exercise 5
Resistance
Flow
Pressure Gradient
Blood Flow
a measure of the degree to which the pipe hinders or resists…
pressure gradient/resistance=(change in p)/R
the difference between the pressure in arteries and the press…
the amount of blood moving through a body area or the entire…
Resistance
a measure of the degree to which the pipe hinders or resists…
Flow
pressure gradient/resistance=(change in p)/R
200 terms
Exercise of Physiology
Physiology
Endocrine
Two type of nerves in the Automatic ne…
Epymisium
Study of body function
hormones controlled by automatic nervous system
Efferent- send signal from brain to tissue... Afferent- Send sig…
External layer of muscle
Physiology
Study of body function
Endocrine
hormones controlled by automatic nervous system
24 terms
Exercise Physiology Exam 1
Another name for resting O2
How much ATP is created by using PC
Resting VO2 is used for?
Reasonable value for resting VO2 (rest…
1 Met
1 ATP
Sodium/Potassium channels
.350 L/min (350 mL/min)
Another name for resting O2
1 Met
How much ATP is created by using PC
1 ATP
57 terms
EXS-340 Physiology of Exercise Exam 3 (Final) Review
Enlargement of individual muscle fibers
Muscle action where maximum force is g…
______ metric training is a system of…
Initials describing muscle pain a day…
Hyertrophy
Isokinetic
Iso
DOMs
Enlargement of individual muscle fibers
Hyertrophy
Muscle action where maximum force is g…
Isokinetic
Exercise physiology
acute adaptation to exercise?
chronic adaptations to training?
factors influencing oxygen uptake and…
Fick equation
increased oxygen delivery to working muscle
more effective oxygen delivery and increased maximum oxygen u…
cardiac structure... blood volume... blood flow and distribution ... o…
HR x SV x (a-v)O2
acute adaptation to exercise?
increased oxygen delivery to working muscle
chronic adaptations to training?
more effective oxygen delivery and increased maximum oxygen u…
39 terms
PhysioEx Exercise 6
Delivering single shocks in succession…
The doublet that results with more fre…
When the ventricles beat rapidly in su…
When multiple stimuli were applied at…
did not increase the height of the ventricular systole wave
an extrasystole and an extra contraction of the ventricles
a compensatory pause followed
extrasystoles were produced
Delivering single shocks in succession…
did not increase the height of the ventricular systole wave
The doublet that results with more fre…
an extrasystole and an extra contraction of the ventricles
Exercise Physiology (Exercise Metabolism) Test 1
Energy Requirements at Rest
Changes in Oxygen Uptake During Increm…
Oxygen Deficit & Debt
Rest-To-Exercise Transitions
-Almost 100% of ATP produced by aerobic metabolism... -Blood lac…
-ATP production increases immediately... -Oxygen uptake increase…
Energy Requirements at Rest
-Almost 100% of ATP produced by aerobic metabolism... -Blood lac…
Changes in Oxygen Uptake During Increm…
66 terms
PhysioEX Exercise 4
Which of the following statements abou…
Thyroxine is
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is
An injection of TSH to an otherwise no…
All of the energy from metabolism is ultimately stored in the…
the most important hormone for maintaining the metabolic rate…
produced in the pituitary gland.
goiter development
Which of the following statements abou…
All of the energy from metabolism is ultimately stored in the…
Thyroxine is
the most important hormone for maintaining the metabolic rate…
117 terms
Ex. Physiology
Endergonic Reaction
exergonic reaction
coupled reactions
measuring energy release
Require energy to be added... -endothermic
release energy... -exothermic
liberation of energy in an exergonic reaction drives an ender…
can be calculated from heat produced
Endergonic Reaction
Require energy to be added... -endothermic
exergonic reaction
release energy... -exothermic
Exercise Physiology
Which of the following statements abou…
during exercise, body temp is regulate…
The body's thermostat is located where?
Heat production can be increased volun…
a. body temp is a balance between heat loss and heat gain.
a. true
hypothalamus
exercise
Which of the following statements abou…
a. body temp is a balance between heat loss and heat gain.
during exercise, body temp is regulate…
a. true
Ex physiology
Using an insulated, airtight chamber w…
Indirect calorimetry is a technique fo…
The respiratory exchange ratio (RER) i…
Calculating kcal/day can be accomplish…
Direct calorimeter
Metabolic oxygen consumption
Amount of CO2 released and the amount of O2 consumed during m…
Liters of O2 consumed per day times kcal used per liter of O2
Using an insulated, airtight chamber w…
Direct calorimeter
Indirect calorimetry is a technique fo…
Metabolic oxygen consumption
25 terms
Exercise Physiology
non-adherence/compliance
why people don't exercise
intentions
self-regulation
one of the most significant problems facing modern medicine a…
time management ... boredom/lack of enjoyment... weather... unrealisti…
indication of a person's readiness to perform a given behavior
ability to regulate behavior
non-adherence/compliance
one of the most significant problems facing modern medicine a…
why people don't exercise
time management ... boredom/lack of enjoyment... weather... unrealisti…
Exercise physiology
Bench press for 8-12 reps at 70-80% of…
Plyometric jump squat
Cycling at 70% of HR reserve for 20min
Sprinting at 90% V02max for 60sec
Anaerobic
Anaerobic
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Bench press for 8-12 reps at 70-80% of…
Anaerobic
Plyometric jump squat
Anaerobic
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