Study sets matching "physiology 1"

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Study sets matching "physiology 1"

27 terms
Physiology 1
a
Amphi, ampho
Ana
Anti
Not, without
Both, on both sides, around
Up, back, again
Against, opposite
a
Not, without
Amphi, ampho
Both, on both sides, around
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Ch. 1
Gross anatomy
AnatomyStudy of the structure and shap…
Microscopic anatomy
Physiology
Large structures... Easily observable
Study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
Structures cannot be seen with the naked eye... Structures can b…
Study of how the body and its parts work or function
Gross anatomy
Large structures... Easily observable
AnatomyStudy of the structure and shap…
Study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
46 terms
Physiology 1
8 systems
Homeostasis
Homeostatic Loop
Role of Sensor
1) Nervous 2) Endocrine 3) Muscular 4) Cardiovascular 5) Resp…
middle;set point. Body temperature. Balanced.... pH controlled b…
1) Sensor(transducer) 2) Afferent Pathway(sensory nerve) 3) I…
Convert stimulus energy to action potentials located on axons…
8 systems
1) Nervous 2) Endocrine 3) Muscular 4) Cardiovascular 5) Resp…
Homeostasis
middle;set point. Body temperature. Balanced.... pH controlled b…
86 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Semester 1
anatomy
physiology
levels of organization
homeostasis
the study of a structure's appearance (what it looks like), c…
the study of a structure's movement and interactions together…
atoms, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organism
maintaining a stable internal environment for the survival of…
anatomy
the study of a structure's appearance (what it looks like), c…
physiology
the study of a structure's movement and interactions together…
1,259 terms
Physiology 1
What structures make up the Central Ne…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
What structures make up the Central Ne…
The Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
357 terms
Physiology 1
maintenance of stable internal environ…
monitors magnitute of controlled varia…
compares sensor input with set point
receives information from integrator a…
homeostasis
sensor (homeostasis)
integrator
effector
maintenance of stable internal environ…
homeostasis
monitors magnitute of controlled varia…
sensor (homeostasis)
19 terms
PHYSIOLOGY into to physiology 1
pathophysiology
example of pathophysiology
importance of the carbonic anhydrase r…
production of HCO3- favoured
the mechanism by which a disease causes an organ to fail
Example: Type I diabetes - autoimmune destruction of beta cel…
creates acid, creates base, transports CO2 ( not highly solub…
muscles (high CO2)
pathophysiology
the mechanism by which a disease causes an organ to fail
example of pathophysiology
Example: Type I diabetes - autoimmune destruction of beta cel…
Physiology 1
What are two functions of glycoproteins?
What is a glycoprotein?
What is a transmembrane protein?
what is a function of some integral/tr…
- give cell immunological identity... - serve as receptors for d…
a peripheral protein with a carbohydrate chain attached that…
aka integral protein... goes all the way through the membrane
- line tiny pores or channels that pass through the membrane…
What are two functions of glycoproteins?
- give cell immunological identity... - serve as receptors for d…
What is a glycoprotein?
a peripheral protein with a carbohydrate chain attached that…
41 terms
Physiology 1
name the levels of organization.... (AMCT…
What is physiology?
what is the nerves systems main functi…
What is the muscular systems main func…
Atoms, Molecules, Cells, Tissue, Organ, Organ Systems, Organi…
the study of the body's functions... Why does a function exist?…
communication
movement
name the levels of organization.... (AMCT…
Atoms, Molecules, Cells, Tissue, Organ, Organ Systems, Organi…
What is physiology?
the study of the body's functions... Why does a function exist?…
Physiology #1
Divide up of body water
How do biological control systems work?
What balances the plasma and interstit…
Starling force equation
60% Intracellular 40% Extracellular... 80% of extracellular is i…
Stimulus- excites a receptor... Receptor- tells the integration…
Starling forces
Fluid flux = (Pcap - Pisf) - (Pi cap - Pi isf)
Divide up of body water
60% Intracellular 40% Extracellular... 80% of extracellular is i…
How do biological control systems work?
Stimulus- excites a receptor... Receptor- tells the integration…
42 terms
Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
antecubital
region between the thorax and pelvis
Highest point of the shoulder
Forearm
Anterior surface of elbow
abdominal
region between the thorax and pelvis
acromial
Highest point of the shoulder
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
study of all forms of life
studies the shape and structure of an organism's body and rel…
studies the function of each body part
study of large and easily observable structures
Biology
study of all forms of life
Anatomy
studies the shape and structure of an organism's body and rel…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior
Inferior
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
43 terms
Physiology 1
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
what is the anatomy of a skeletal musc…
- voluntary (regulated by conscious control & reflexes)... - str…
- involuntary (regulated by intrinsic [pacemaker potential] a…
- involuntary (regulated by nervous and endocrine systems)... -…
- epimysium (surrounds entire muscle)... - perimysium (con. tiss…
skeletal muscle
- voluntary (regulated by conscious control & reflexes)... - str…
cardiac muscle
- involuntary (regulated by intrinsic [pacemaker potential] a…
56 terms
Physiology Ch. 1 - Introduction to Physiology
Physiology
Cells (Major Classes)
Neurons
Muscle Fibers
- The study of the function of organisms
- Neurons... - Muscle Fibers... - Epithelia... - Connective Tissue Cells
- Cells that transmit information through out the body via el…
- Cells in the body responsible for movement through contract…
Physiology
- The study of the function of organisms
Cells (Major Classes)
- Neurons... - Muscle Fibers... - Epithelia... - Connective Tissue Cells
385 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
anatomy
physiology
dissection
embryology
body structures and relationships
the science of body functions
the careful cutting apart of body structures to study their r…
study of the first eight weeks of development after the ferti…
anatomy
body structures and relationships
physiology
the science of body functions
20 terms
Physiology 1
Brain Parts
Fold of the brain are called..
Brain grooves are called..
Brain grooves that are bigger are call…
Left & Right Hemispheres, aka Lobes
convolutions
Sulcus
Fissures which separate the longitudinal parts of the brain
Brain Parts
Left & Right Hemispheres, aka Lobes
Fold of the brain are called..
convolutions
237 terms
Physiology 1 - Lab final
eyepiece
nosepiece
objective lenses
stage clips
___contains the ocular lens (lab 1)
___holds the objective lenses; can be rotated to change magni…
___magnification ranges from 10x to 40x (lab 1)
___hold the slide in place (lab 1)
eyepiece
___contains the ocular lens (lab 1)
nosepiece
___holds the objective lenses; can be rotated to change magni…
40 terms
Physiology - Chapter 1: An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
anatomical position
physiology
homeostasis
the study of internal and external parts of the body
Standing up facing forward, with head level and eyes facing f…
the study of the function of parts of the body
refers to the existence of a stable internal environment
anatomy
the study of internal and external parts of the body
anatomical position
Standing up facing forward, with head level and eyes facing f…
43 terms
Physiology 1
Extracellular fluid
Intracellular fluid
Osmolarity
Osmolarity
Makes up 1/3 of body's total volume; is composed of interstit…
2/3 of total body water volume
Describes the number of particles in solution; takes into acc…
(Molarity) x (number of particles per molecule in solution)
Extracellular fluid
Makes up 1/3 of body's total volume; is composed of interstit…
Intracellular fluid
2/3 of total body water volume
Physiology #1
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Superior
The science of the structure of living organisms.
The science of the functioning of living organisms.
The ability or tendency to maintain internal stability in an…
Above; the forehead is superior to the nose
Anatomy
The science of the structure of living organisms.
Physiology
The science of the functioning of living organisms.
physiology - CHAPTER 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathophysiology
the chemicals are divided
It is the study of body structure
It is the study of how the body functions
It is the study of disorders of functioning of human body
2 categories : organic and inorganic
Anatomy
It is the study of body structure
Physiology
It is the study of how the body functions
164 terms
Physiology 1
brain, spinal cord
motor, sensory
automatic, somatic
parasympathetic, sympathetic
the central nervous system consists of the _____ and the ____…
the peripheral nervous system consists of _____ and ____ syst…
the motor nervous system consists of _____ and _____ actions
there are two automatic nervous system categories: ____ and _…
brain, spinal cord
the central nervous system consists of the _____ and the ____…
motor, sensory
the peripheral nervous system consists of _____ and ____ syst…
Physiology 1
The primary purpose of the pulmonary s…
The term ventilation refers to the
The most important muscle of inspirati…
The volume of gas that reaches the res…
to provide an interface for gas exchange.
mechanical process of moving air in and out of the lungs.
diaphragm.
alveolar ventilation.
The primary purpose of the pulmonary s…
to provide an interface for gas exchange.
The term ventilation refers to the
mechanical process of moving air in and out of the lungs.
5 terms
Physiology 1
input signal
integrating center
output signal
target
the input signal in a reflex varies depending on the type of…
cell that receives information about the regulated variable a…
In nervous system- electrical and chemical signals transmitte…
cells or tissues that carry out the response. Neural- can be…
input signal
the input signal in a reflex varies depending on the type of…
integrating center
cell that receives information about the regulated variable a…
196 terms
Physiology 1
brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
thanks babe
to recognizes and coordinate the body'…
homeostasis
the nervous system contains
you will do amazing things
what is the function of the nervous system?
the process by which organisms keep internal conditions relat…
brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
the nervous system contains
thanks babe
you will do amazing things
Physiology 1
Diffusion
Random Motion of Molecules
Driving force of diffusional transport
Net Flux Equation
The process by which molecules move from a region of higher c…
Fundamental mechanism of diffusion
Concentration difference. Molecules with high concentration h…
Permeability x Surface Area x (Concentration 1-Concentration 2)
Diffusion
The process by which molecules move from a region of higher c…
Random Motion of Molecules
Fundamental mechanism of diffusion
Physiology 1
Physiology
emergent properties
cells
cell membrane
study of normal functioning of a living organism and its comp…
properties that can not be predicted to exist based only on k…
smallest unit of structure capability caring out all life pro…
lipid bilayer and protein barrier that separates cells from t…
Physiology
study of normal functioning of a living organism and its comp…
emergent properties
properties that can not be predicted to exist based only on k…
38 terms
Physiology 1
Prone
Supine
Superior (cranial)
Ventral (anterior)
Face down
Face up
Top (of the head)
Front
Prone
Face down
Supine
Face up
Physiology 1
a-, an, non
ab-,ef-
ad, af
adi, lip(o)
without, not
away
toward
fat
a-, an, non
without, not
ab-,ef-
away
Physiology 1
Frontal
Buccal
Nasal
Cervical
Forehead
Cheek
Nose
Neck
Frontal
Forehead
Buccal
Cheek
Anatomy and Physiology- terms #1
ventral
dorsal
anterior
posterior
towards the front* or belly... Ex) The aorta is VENTRAL to the v…
towards the back or spine... Ex) The vertebral column is DORSAL…
towards the ventral side*... Ex) The sternum is ANTERIOR to the…
towards the dorsal side*... Ex) The esophagus is POSTERIOR to th…
ventral
towards the front* or belly... Ex) The aorta is VENTRAL to the v…
dorsal
towards the back or spine... Ex) The vertebral column is DORSAL…
78 terms
Physiology1
Homeostasis
Negative Feedback
Physiology
Differentiation
maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
feedback that counteracts a process
function, heomeostasis, mechanism of action
cells being specialized to carry out a specific function; hap…
Homeostasis
maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
Negative Feedback
feedback that counteracts a process
Physiology 1: Cellular Physiology
Cell
Cell
Cytoplasm
Organelles
the smallest living component of the human body
it is bounded by plasma membrane
the intracellular fluid inside the cell
functional units inside of a cell
Cell
the smallest living component of the human body
Cell
it is bounded by plasma membrane
175 terms
Physiology Exam 1
How many chromosomes do we have?
How many somatic chromosomes do we have?
How many sex chromosomes do we have?
Plasma membrane
46
44
2 (X and Y)
The outer thin, flexible membrane of the cell which separates…
How many chromosomes do we have?
46
How many somatic chromosomes do we have?
44
Physiology 1
Physiology
Anatomy
Pathology
Anatomical
Function
Structure
Disease
Standing, arms at sides, palms forward
Physiology
Function
Anatomy
Structure
Physiology 1
obstructive diseases
Restrictive diseases
COPD
pneumonia
increased resistance to flow, requires extra pressure to expi…
decreased expansion of lungs, not related to airflow, decreas…
chronic pulmonary emphysema - infection from secretions, obst…
some or all alveoli are filled with fluid and blood cells, in…
obstructive diseases
increased resistance to flow, requires extra pressure to expi…
Restrictive diseases
decreased expansion of lungs, not related to airflow, decreas…
83 terms
Physiology 1
Physiology
Cells group together to make ________,…
Homeostasis
9 out of 10 organ systems function to…
The study of the functions of organisms- how our body works
Tissues... Organs... Organ systems
Maintenance of relatively constant conditions in the internal…
Reproductive system
Physiology
The study of the functions of organisms- how our body works
Cells group together to make ________,…
Tissues... Organs... Organ systems
physiology 1
physiology
four types of tissue
organs
body system
the study of how the body functions
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
consists of two or more types of primary tissue organized to…
collection of organs that perform related functions and inter…
physiology
the study of how the body functions
four types of tissue
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
21 terms
Physiology: 1
Anatomical Position
Supine
Prone
proximal
Stand upright, feet shoulder width apart, head forward, arms…
on back (holding SOUP)
on belly (POURing soup)
toward attached base
Anatomical Position
Stand upright, feet shoulder width apart, head forward, arms…
Supine
on back (holding SOUP)
110 terms
Physiology 1
Homeostasis
Example of Set Point
How is homeostasis regulated
Ex of Negative Feedback
*The regulation of the body's internal environment (intracell…
Body Temp
negative and positive feedback processes
working out increases body temp, sweating brings temp back down
Homeostasis
*The regulation of the body's internal environment (intracell…
Example of Set Point
Body Temp
150 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Practical #1
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
19 terms
Physiology Respiratory Lecture #1
A.) Inspiratory reserve volume... B.) Tid…
0.8
Obstructive disease
Restrictive disease
Label the chart.
Forced Vital capacity (FVC) is a volume that can be forcibly…
If FEV and FVC are both decreased but FEV is more decreased t…
If FEV and FVC are both decreased but FEV is less than FVC, w…
A.) Inspiratory reserve volume... B.) Tid…
Label the chart.
0.8
Forced Vital capacity (FVC) is a volume that can be forcibly…
15 terms
Physiology 1
define physiology
3 main physiological functions of our…
define homeostasis
Fever
dynamic study of life... intertwined with medicine, used as a re…
1. facilitate survival of the individual in its environment... 2…
-maintenance of relatively stable internal environment... -dynam…
change in set point for temperature regulation... caused by pyro…
define physiology
dynamic study of life... intertwined with medicine, used as a re…
3 main physiological functions of our…
1. facilitate survival of the individual in its environment... 2…
150 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Practical #1
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
52 terms
Physiology Chapters 1, 5
Total body water (TBW)
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Body spends 60% of energy doing?
60% of total body weight
1/3 of TBW... Blood plasma = 20% : bathes blood cells... Interstiti…
2/3 of TBW (within cell) : cytoplasm/cytosol
regulating the composition, volume, and temperature of its fl…
Total body water (TBW)
60% of total body weight
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
1/3 of TBW... Blood plasma = 20% : bathes blood cells... Interstiti…
16 terms
Physiology 1
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
Diffusion equation
Osmolarity
Span cell membranes
Bound to inner or outer surface of cell membrane
D= (PxSA)/T
Concentration of a solution in FUNCTIONAL moles/L... (ie NaCl-->…
Integral Proteins
Span cell membranes
Peripheral Proteins
Bound to inner or outer surface of cell membrane
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Tissue
Cell
The study of the structure of the human body
The study of body function
A group of cells performing a common function
Smallest unit of all living things made up of molecules
Anatomy
The study of the structure of the human body
Physiology
The study of body function
55 terms
Cardiac Physiology #1
Pericardium
Function of the pericardium
epicardium
Myocardium
A double-walled sac around the heart... -A superficial fibrous p…
Protects and anchors the heart... Prevents overfilling of the he…
Visceral layer of serous pericardium
Cardiac muscle layer forming the bulk of the heart
Pericardium
A double-walled sac around the heart... -A superficial fibrous p…
Function of the pericardium
Protects and anchors the heart... Prevents overfilling of the he…
82 terms
Physiology 1
The word protein means __________ in G…
What are protein functions? (6 of them)
The conformation of proteins is ______…
What are the 3 protein structures?
First Rank
enzymes, messengers, receptors, transporters, defense, regula…
3 dimensional
macromolecules, organic, polymer
The word protein means __________ in G…
First Rank
What are protein functions? (6 of them)
enzymes, messengers, receptors, transporters, defense, regula…
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