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Study sets matching "physiology 1"

27 terms
Physiology 1
a
Amphi, ampho
Ana
Anti
Not, without
Both, on both sides, around
Up, back, again
Against, opposite
a
Not, without
Amphi, ampho
Both, on both sides, around
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Ch. 1
Gross anatomy
AnatomyStudy of the structure and shap…
Microscopic anatomy
Physiology
Large structures... Easily observable
Study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
Structures cannot be seen with the naked eye... Structures can b…
Study of how the body and its parts work or function
Gross anatomy
Large structures... Easily observable
AnatomyStudy of the structure and shap…
Study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
14 terms
Physiology - 1. GI Physiology
Organs of GI system
GI system sphincters
GI wall
Enteric plexuses
- Controlled via hormones, neural control
Organs of GI system
- Controlled via hormones, neural control
GI system sphincters
1,259 terms
Physiology 1
What structures make up the Central Ne…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
What structures make up the Central Ne…
The Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
19 terms
PHYSIOLOGY into to physiology 1
pathophysiology
example of pathophysiology
importance of the carbonic anhydrase r…
production of HCO3- favoured
the mechanism by which a disease causes an organ to fail
Example: Type I diabetes - autoimmune destruction of beta cel…
creates acid, creates base, transports CO2 ( not highly solub…
muscles (high CO2)
pathophysiology
the mechanism by which a disease causes an organ to fail
example of pathophysiology
Example: Type I diabetes - autoimmune destruction of beta cel…
357 terms
Physiology 1
maintenance of stable internal environ…
monitors magnitute of controlled varia…
compares sensor input with set point
receives information from integrator a…
homeostasis
sensor (homeostasis)
integrator
effector
maintenance of stable internal environ…
homeostasis
monitors magnitute of controlled varia…
sensor (homeostasis)
465 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Semester 1 Vocabulary
Femur
Head
Neck
Greater trochanter
Femur
Head
42 terms
Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
antecubital
region between the thorax and pelvis
Highest point of the shoulder
Forearm
Anterior surface of elbow
abdominal
region between the thorax and pelvis
acromial
Highest point of the shoulder
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
study of all forms of life
studies the shape and structure of an organism's body and rel…
studies the function of each body part
study of large and easily observable structures
Biology
study of all forms of life
Anatomy
studies the shape and structure of an organism's body and rel…
41 terms
Physiology #1
Divide up of body water
How do biological control systems work?
What balances the plasma and interstit…
Starling force equation
60% Intracellular 40% Extracellular... 80% of extracellular is i…
Stimulus- excites a receptor... Receptor- tells the integration…
Starling forces
Fluid flux = (Pcap - Pisf) - (Pi cap - Pi isf)
Divide up of body water
60% Intracellular 40% Extracellular... 80% of extracellular is i…
How do biological control systems work?
Stimulus- excites a receptor... Receptor- tells the integration…
138 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior
Inferior
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
40 terms
Physiology - Chapter 1: An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
anatomical position
physiology
homeostasis
the study of internal and external parts of the body
Standing up facing forward, with head level and eyes facing f…
the study of the function of parts of the body
refers to the existence of a stable internal environment
anatomy
the study of internal and external parts of the body
anatomical position
Standing up facing forward, with head level and eyes facing f…
385 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
anatomy
physiology
dissection
embryology
body structures and relationships
the science of body functions
the careful cutting apart of body structures to study their r…
study of the first eight weeks of development after the ferti…
anatomy
body structures and relationships
physiology
the science of body functions
85 terms
Physiology lectures 1-6
3 most important parts of a cell
the ________ is the smallest, self rep…
If every cell in an animal has the sam…
What might happen if a region... of a gen…
nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm
cell
All cells in the body have the same... DNA, but depending on whi…
can cause a tumor because c-kit is a protooncogene
3 most important parts of a cell
nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm
the ________ is the smallest, self rep…
cell
43 terms
Physiology 1
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
what is the anatomy of a skeletal musc…
- voluntary (regulated by conscious control & reflexes)... - str…
- involuntary (regulated by intrinsic [pacemaker potential] a…
- involuntary (regulated by nervous and endocrine systems)... -…
- epimysium (surrounds entire muscle)... - perimysium (con. tiss…
skeletal muscle
- voluntary (regulated by conscious control & reflexes)... - str…
cardiac muscle
- involuntary (regulated by intrinsic [pacemaker potential] a…
physiology - CHAPTER 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathophysiology
the chemicals are divided
It is the study of body structure
It is the study of how the body functions
It is the study of disorders of functioning of human body
2 categories : organic and inorganic
Anatomy
It is the study of body structure
Physiology
It is the study of how the body functions
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Hypothesis
Theory
The study of how all parts of the body function
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
A statement of belief that explains the natural world
An educated guess
Anatomy
The study of how all parts of the body function
Physiology
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
196 terms
Physiology 1
brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
thanks babe
to recognizes and coordinate the body'…
homeostasis
the nervous system contains
you will do amazing things
what is the function of the nervous system?
the process by which organisms keep internal conditions relat…
brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
the nervous system contains
thanks babe
you will do amazing things
69 terms
Physiology 1
Diffusion
Random Motion of Molecules
Driving force of diffusional transport
Net Flux Equation
The process by which molecules move from a region of higher c…
Fundamental mechanism of diffusion
Concentration difference. Molecules with high concentration h…
Permeability x Surface Area x (Concentration 1-Concentration 2)
Diffusion
The process by which molecules move from a region of higher c…
Random Motion of Molecules
Fundamental mechanism of diffusion
20 terms
Physiology 1
Brain Parts
Fold of the brain are called..
Brain grooves are called..
Brain grooves that are bigger are call…
Left & Right Hemispheres, aka Lobes
convolutions
Sulcus
Fissures which separate the longitudinal parts of the brain
Brain Parts
Left & Right Hemispheres, aka Lobes
Fold of the brain are called..
convolutions
300 terms
Physiology - 1
What is Atomic Number?
What is Atomic Weight?
The weight of the Protons PLUS the wei…
How many electrons fit in the first or…
The number of Protons and the number of Electrons of an element
The weight of the Protons and the weight of the Neutrons
Atomic Weight
2
What is Atomic Number?
The number of Protons and the number of Electrons of an element
What is Atomic Weight?
The weight of the Protons and the weight of the Neutrons
357 terms
Physiology 1
maintenance of stable internal environ…
monitors magnitute of controlled varia…
compares sensor input with set point
receives information from integrator a…
homeostasis
sensor (homeostasis)
integrator
effector
maintenance of stable internal environ…
homeostasis
monitors magnitute of controlled varia…
sensor (homeostasis)
164 terms
Physiology 1
brain, spinal cord
motor, sensory
automatic, somatic
parasympathetic, sympathetic
the central nervous system consists of the _____ and the ____…
the peripheral nervous system consists of _____ and ____ syst…
the motor nervous system consists of _____ and _____ actions
there are two automatic nervous system categories: ____ and _…
brain, spinal cord
the central nervous system consists of the _____ and the ____…
motor, sensory
the peripheral nervous system consists of _____ and ____ syst…
61 terms
1. Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
occipital
buccal
cervical
calcaneal
back of the head
cheek
Neck
heel
occipital
back of the head
buccal
cheek
134 terms
Veterinary Physiology Exam 1 Material
Non-coding portions of DNA that are re…
A
B
C
What are introns?
A functional unit of inheritance, usually corresponding to th…
Set of genes; the total genetic information of an organism... A…
Long DNA molecules with associated proteins; especially evide…
Non-coding portions of DNA that are re…
What are introns?
A
A functional unit of inheritance, usually corresponding to th…
26 terms
1 physiology
orbital
mental
cervical
sternal
眼眶
下巴
颈椎
胸骨
orbital
眼眶
mental
下巴
237 terms
Physiology 1 - Lab final
eyepiece
nosepiece
objective lenses
stage clips
___contains the ocular lens (lab 1)
___holds the objective lenses; can be rotated to change magni…
___magnification ranges from 10x to 40x (lab 1)
___hold the slide in place (lab 1)
eyepiece
___contains the ocular lens (lab 1)
nosepiece
___holds the objective lenses; can be rotated to change magni…
86 terms
Chapter 1: Anatomy and Physiology
microscopic anatomy
cytology
histology
developmental anatomy
knowledge of gross anatomy at the microscopic level
study of cells
study of of tissue and organs that make up an entire body of…
studies the growth and development of an organism during its…
microscopic anatomy
knowledge of gross anatomy at the microscopic level
cytology
study of cells
110 terms
Physiology 1
Homeostasis
Example of Set Point
How is homeostasis regulated
Ex of Negative Feedback
*The regulation of the body's internal environment (intracell…
Body Temp
negative and positive feedback processes
working out increases body temp, sweating brings temp back down
Homeostasis
*The regulation of the body's internal environment (intracell…
Example of Set Point
Body Temp
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- terms #1
ventral
dorsal
anterior
posterior
towards the front* or belly... Ex) The aorta is VENTRAL to the v…
towards the back or spine... Ex) The vertebral column is DORSAL…
towards the ventral side*... Ex) The sternum is ANTERIOR to the…
towards the dorsal side*... Ex) The esophagus is POSTERIOR to th…
ventral
towards the front* or belly... Ex) The aorta is VENTRAL to the v…
dorsal
towards the back or spine... Ex) The vertebral column is DORSAL…
60 terms
Physiology #1
Divide up of body water
How do biological control systems work?
What balances the plasma and interstit…
Starling force equation
60% Intracellular 40% Extracellular... 80% of extracellular is i…
Stimulus- excites a receptor... Receptor- tells the integration…
Starling forces
Fluid flux = (Pcap - Pisf) - (Pi cap - Pi isf)
Divide up of body water
60% Intracellular 40% Extracellular... 80% of extracellular is i…
How do biological control systems work?
Stimulus- excites a receptor... Receptor- tells the integration…
95 terms
Physiology Past Exam #1
Water (first)
Albumin (second)
Sodium (third)
Glucose (fourth)
First most concentrated to least concentrated in extracellula…
Second most concentrated to least concentrated in extracellul…
Third most concentrated to least concentrated in extracellula…
Fourth most concentrated to least concentrated in extracellul…
Water (first)
First most concentrated to least concentrated in extracellula…
Albumin (second)
Second most concentrated to least concentrated in extracellul…
150 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Practical #1
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
43 terms
Physiology 1: Cellular Physiology
Cell
Cell
Cytoplasm
Organelles
the smallest living component of the human body
it is bounded by plasma membrane
the intracellular fluid inside the cell
functional units inside of a cell
Cell
the smallest living component of the human body
Cell
it is bounded by plasma membrane
175 terms
Physiology Exam 1
How many chromosomes do we have?
How many somatic chromosomes do we have?
How many sex chromosomes do we have?
Plasma membrane
46
44
2 (X and Y)
The outer thin, flexible membrane of the cell which separates…
How many chromosomes do we have?
46
How many somatic chromosomes do we have?
44
31 terms
Physiology 1
S1 heart sound
atrial depol and repole
P-wave
R wave
AV valves closed (isovolumetric contraction)... End of diastole…
p-wave and between Q and R
atrial depole and contract
Isovolumetric contract. Impulse released from AV node ---> bu…
S1 heart sound
AV valves closed (isovolumetric contraction)... End of diastole…
atrial depol and repole
p-wave and between Q and R
101 terms
Unit 1 review - anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
levels of organization in the body
integumentary system
The study of body structure
The study of body function
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism (CC…
Forms external body covering and protects deeper tissue from…
anatomy
The study of body structure
physiology
The study of body function
19 terms
Physiology Respiratory Lecture #1
A.) Inspiratory reserve volume... B.) Tid…
0.8
Obstructive disease
Restrictive disease
Label the chart.
Forced Vital capacity (FVC) is a volume that can be forcibly…
If FEV and FVC are both decreased but FEV is more decreased t…
If FEV and FVC are both decreased but FEV is less than FVC, w…
A.) Inspiratory reserve volume... B.) Tid…
Label the chart.
0.8
Forced Vital capacity (FVC) is a volume that can be forcibly…
31 terms
Physiology 1
Anatomy
200
cells
atom, molecule, cell, tissue, organ, o…
By definition this word means "a cutting open"
There are more than ______ different types of cells in the hu…
The _____ are the building blocks of the human body.
Accurately describes human body organization from the smalles…
Anatomy
By definition this word means "a cutting open"
200
There are more than ______ different types of cells in the hu…
10 terms
Physiology 1
Pathopysiology
Physiology
Included in health history
Objective information
Physiology of abnormal or diseased organisms. Functional chan…
Normal functions of organisms and their parts.
Medications, allergies, walking aids etc, falls risk, patient…
Observable, measurable data. Seen, felt and heard.
Pathopysiology
Physiology of abnormal or diseased organisms. Functional chan…
Physiology
Normal functions of organisms and their parts.
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Hypothesis
Theory
The study of how all parts of the body function
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
An educated guess
A statement of belief that explains the natural world
Anatomy
The study of how all parts of the body function
Physiology
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
177 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Vocabulary 1
atrophy
hyperplasia
hypertrophy
metaplasia
a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
abnormal increase in number of cells
increase in cell size
Mature cell type is replaced by a different mature cell type
atrophy
a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
hyperplasia
abnormal increase in number of cells
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Tissue
Cell
The study of the structure of the human body
The study of body function
A group of cells performing a common function
Smallest unit of all living things made up of molecules
Anatomy
The study of the structure of the human body
Physiology
The study of body function
16 terms
Physiology 1
Physiology
emergent properties
cells
cell membrane
study of normal functioning of a living organism and its comp…
properties that can not be predicted to exist based only on k…
smallest unit of structure capability caring out all life pro…
lipid bilayer and protein barrier that separates cells from t…
Physiology
study of normal functioning of a living organism and its comp…
emergent properties
properties that can not be predicted to exist based only on k…
43 terms
Physiology 1
Extracellular fluid
Intracellular fluid
Osmolarity
Osmolarity
Makes up 1/3 of body's total volume; is composed of interstit…
2/3 of total body water volume
Describes the number of particles in solution; takes into acc…
(Molarity) x (number of particles per molecule in solution)
Extracellular fluid
Makes up 1/3 of body's total volume; is composed of interstit…
Intracellular fluid
2/3 of total body water volume
115 terms
Midterm 1 - Physiology 1
Define Metabolism
1st Law of Thermodynamics
2nd Law of Thermodynamics
What is overall equation for cell resp…
all chemical and energy transactions in a cell or organism
Energy can't be created nor destroyed
Energy can be transformed from one form to another, entropy i…
Glucose +O2->H2O+CO2
Define Metabolism
all chemical and energy transactions in a cell or organism
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Energy can't be created nor destroyed
150 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Practical #1
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
39 terms
Physiology 1
Macromolecules
Tissue
+ feedback ex and -
tissues-organs-organ systems which.. b…
Carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Connective (blood, bone, fiberglass), muscular(voluntary, inv…
+ birth, ovulation, blood clotting. - sweating or anything th…
maintain homeostasis via + and - feedback
Macromolecules
Carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Tissue
Connective (blood, bone, fiberglass), muscular(voluntary, inv…
37 terms
Physiology 1
The primary purpose of the pulmonary s…
The term ventilation refers to the
The most important muscle of inspirati…
The volume of gas that reaches the res…
to provide an interface for gas exchange.
mechanical process of moving air in and out of the lungs.
diaphragm.
alveolar ventilation.
The primary purpose of the pulmonary s…
to provide an interface for gas exchange.
The term ventilation refers to the
mechanical process of moving air in and out of the lungs.
27 terms
1: Cell Physiology
Phospholipid Bilayer
Diffusion
Carrier-Mediated Facilitated Diffusion
Channel-Mediated Facilitated Diffusion
Plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A process in which the solute binds to a carrier protein to m…
A process in which transmembrane proteins transport substance…
Phospholipid Bilayer
Plasma membrane layers composed of phospholipid molecules arr…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
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