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Study sets matching "physiology 2"

252 terms
Physiology 2
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
enteric nervous system
Two Afferent division that carry info…
CNS... including he brain and spinal cord
PNS... including the afferent and efferent division
ENS ... the nerve network of the digestive system
1. somatic (skin, skeletal muscle)... 2. visceral (smooth muscle…
central nervous system
CNS... including he brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
PNS... including the afferent and efferent division
317 terms
Physiology 2
heart rate x stroke volume
venous return
arterioles
mean arterial pressure
cardiac output equation
VR
what is the major source of resistance to blood flow?
MAP
heart rate x stroke volume
cardiac output equation
venous return
VR
223 terms
Physiology#2
Ventilation
Respiration
Respiratory center
Visceral pleura innervation
...
...
Ventilation
...
Respiration
...
117 terms
Physiology 2
Left Atrium
Left Ventricle
Right Atrium
Systemic Circulation
Receives oxygenated blood from the lungs via the pulmonary ve…
Pumps oxygenated blood to organs via the aorta. Much thicker…
Deoxygenated blood leaves organs via a systemic vain and retu…
Left ventricle to right atrium (ORGANS)... High pressure-high re…
Left Atrium
Receives oxygenated blood from the lungs via the pulmonary ve…
Left Ventricle
Pumps oxygenated blood to organs via the aorta. Much thicker…
22 terms
Unit 2 Cell Physiology
glycoprotein
down
passive
facilitated diffusion
ID the question mark
During osmosis, water will move ________ (down/against) the c…
Osmosis is a type of _________ transport.
glycoprotein
ID the question mark
down
During osmosis, water will move ________ (down/against) the c…
37 terms
Female Reproductive Physiology 2
Fertilization
Oogenesis and Fertilization
Follicale Development
Stages of Fertilization
The fusion of the male (sperm) and female (ovum) gametes. ... O…
1. Sperm recognizes the ZP3 glycoproteins in the ovum zona pe…
Fertilization
The fusion of the male (sperm) and female (ovum) gametes. ... O…
Oogenesis and Fertilization
48 terms
physiology #2
action potential
electrotonic potentials
resistance and capacitance
afferent
nerve impulses or spikes, electrical signals that are transie…
transient degenerative, graded electrical signals
simple physical properties of molecules and structures causes…
towards from CNS
action potential
nerve impulses or spikes, electrical signals that are transie…
electrotonic potentials
transient degenerative, graded electrical signals
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
143 terms
Physiology 2
Pathway of air into the lungs
Alveoli
Respiratory membrane
Intrapleural Pressure
nasal cavity and mouth --> join at the pharynx --> larynx (vo…
- 300 million in a healthy human lung... - walls are 1 cell thic…
region between the alveolar space and the capillary lumen, wh…
the pressure inside the intrapleural space (~756mmHg).... 2 thin…
Pathway of air into the lungs
nasal cavity and mouth --> join at the pharynx --> larynx (vo…
Alveoli
- 300 million in a healthy human lung... - walls are 1 cell thic…
39 terms
2 physiology
hydrogen
nitrogen
calcium
phosphorus
hydrogen
nitrogen
141 terms
physiology 2
special senses
somatic senses
proprioception
afferent pathway
taste, smell, sight, equilibrium, hearing
temperature, touch, proprioception, nociception (pain/itch)
body awareness
towards CNS
special senses
taste, smell, sight, equilibrium, hearing
somatic senses
temperature, touch, proprioception, nociception (pain/itch)
61 terms
Physiology 2
Ventilation
Gas Exchange
Cell Respiration
Ventilation System
The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere achi…
Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the alveoli and bloo…
Release of ATP from organic molecules. Enhanced by presence o…
constantly cycles air into the lungs from the atmosphere to m…
Ventilation
The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere achi…
Gas Exchange
Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the alveoli and bloo…
86 terms
Physiology 2
hypoventilating
hyperventilating
Tension = Pressure * Radius
Wall Stress - (P * r) / h
decrease in alveolar ventilation
increase in alveolar ventilation
Tension (Law of Laplace)
Wall stress
hypoventilating
decrease in alveolar ventilation
hyperventilating
increase in alveolar ventilation
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 2
Yellow bone marrow
Red bone marrow
Calcium
Osteoporosis
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
A mineral stored in your bones that helps to keep your heart…
A disease that results in weak bones with lots of tiny holes…
Yellow bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Red bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
67 terms
Physiology #2
Neuron
Cell Body
Dendrites
Axon Hillock
Cell body (soma)... Dendrites... Axon Hillock, Axon terminal, Synapse
Soma (input for signals)
Located on the soma, receives signals (afferent=in)
the trigger zone that sends signal
Neuron
Cell body (soma)... Dendrites... Axon Hillock, Axon terminal, Synapse
Cell Body
Soma (input for signals)
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
62 terms
Physiology 2
compact bone
periosteum
red marrow
spongy bone
part of the bone that support body
part of the bone for growth, tissue repair
part of the bone that produces blood cells
part of the bone that provides strength
compact bone
part of the bone that support body
periosteum
part of the bone for growth, tissue repair
54 terms
physiology 2
respiratory system
plasma, red blood cells, white blood c…
veins
arteries
exchange of O2 and CO2
four components of blood
carry blood to the heart
carry blood away from the heart
respiratory system
exchange of O2 and CO2
plasma, red blood cells, white blood c…
four components of blood
27 terms
Physiology 2
What do structural proteins do
What do transporter proteins do
Enzymes
Receptor/Signaling Proteins
Give membrane shape, integrity, and movement.
Enable substances to move across membrane, channel proteins,…
Catalyze specific reactions
Enable cells to respond to other cells, chemical signals, and…
What do structural proteins do
Give membrane shape, integrity, and movement.
What do transporter proteins do
Enable substances to move across membrane, channel proteins,…
28 terms
Unit 2 Physiology 2
Connective tissue
Extracellular matrix
Ground substance
Collagen fibers
a primary tissue; form and function vary extensively; functio…
nonliving material in connective tissue consisting of ground…
in connective tissue: amorphous gel-like substance surroundin…
the most abundant of the three fibers found in the matrix of…
Connective tissue
a primary tissue; form and function vary extensively; functio…
Extracellular matrix
nonliving material in connective tissue consisting of ground…
128 terms
Physiology 2
Where are smooth muscles located in th…
Where does regulation of cross-bridge…
What doesn't the Smooth muscle have th…
MLCK
Phasic: GI tract +urogenital organs (single unit)... Tonic: Air…
thick myosin filament
t-tubules, sarcomeres, troponin, less SR... (contrxn occurs very…
=myosin light-chain kinase (activated by Ca-calmodulin comple…
Where are smooth muscles located in th…
Phasic: GI tract +urogenital organs (single unit)... Tonic: Air…
Where does regulation of cross-bridge…
thick myosin filament
24 terms
Physiology 2
What is WBC count an indicator of?
Normal WBC count in adults?
Abnormal high and low leukocytes count…
What kind of solution is used for WBC?…
Body resistance to infection (immunity) and of bone marrow fu…
4-9 x 10^9 in 1 litre of blood
High: leukocytosis... - Phys: after food intake, physical activ…
475 microliters Türck's solution
What is WBC count an indicator of?
Body resistance to infection (immunity) and of bone marrow fu…
Normal WBC count in adults?
4-9 x 10^9 in 1 litre of blood
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Q2)
Fibroblasts
Macrophages
Adipocytes
Mesenchymal
Secrete Matrix (Ex. scar tissue)
White blood cells, looks for pathogens or damaged cells (big…
Fat cells
Connective tissue stem cells, can turn into other cells
Fibroblasts
Secrete Matrix (Ex. scar tissue)
Macrophages
White blood cells, looks for pathogens or damaged cells (big…
382 terms
Physiology Block 2
The volume of blood contained in the a…
The veins contain approximately ____ o…
Site of highest resistance to blood fl…
the smooth muscle of the walls in arte…
stressed volume
70%... 30
arterioles
sympathetic adrenergic ... α1-Adrenergic
The volume of blood contained in the a…
stressed volume
The veins contain approximately ____ o…
70%... 30
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
39 terms
Physiology 2
Circulatory
Carbon Dioxide
Heart
Ventricles are separated by the interv…
The cardiovascular system is part of the _______ system of th…
The cardiovascular system accepts and delivers _____ ______ t…
All cardiovascular functions ultimately depend on the ______.
Which one of the following statements about the four chambers…
Circulatory
The cardiovascular system is part of the _______ system of th…
Carbon Dioxide
The cardiovascular system accepts and delivers _____ ______ t…
10 terms
Physiology 2
cent
centesis
cephal, ceps
chol, cystic
100
puncture
head
gallbladder
cent
100
centesis
puncture
46 terms
Physiology - Cell Physiology 2
name the 3 main parts of the nucleus
_________ - surrounds the nucelus and…
______ - it contains parts of chromoso…
______ - is the granular thread-like m…
nuclear envelope, chromatin and chromosomes, nucleoli
nuclear envelope
nucleolus
chromatin
name the 3 main parts of the nucleus
nuclear envelope, chromatin and chromosomes, nucleoli
_________ - surrounds the nucelus and…
nuclear envelope
13 terms
Physiology 2
Accessory muscles of inspiration
Major muscles of inspiration
Muscles of active expiration
Tidal volume
Contract only during forceful inspiration
Contract every inspiration, relaxation causes passive expirat…
Contract only during active active expiration
Volume of air entering or leaving the lungs during a single b…
Accessory muscles of inspiration
Contract only during forceful inspiration
Major muscles of inspiration
Contract every inspiration, relaxation causes passive expirat…
25 terms
Physiology 2
Laws of Physiology:
Bell Magende
Boyle
Charles
Bell Magende, Boyle, Charles, Chronaxie, Goldman, Henri, Heri…
ant. spinal roots motor, post sensory
gas volume inverse to pressure @ constant temp.
gas volume proportional to temp @ constant press.
Laws of Physiology:
Bell Magende, Boyle, Charles, Chronaxie, Goldman, Henri, Heri…
Bell Magende
ant. spinal roots motor, post sensory
115 terms
Unit 2 Physiology
________ ______ fibers are the largest…
What activate and differentiate into m…
fascicles
muscle fascicle
Skeletal muscle
satellite cells
bundle of skeletal muscle fibers surrounded by perimysium, a…
________ ______ fibers are the largest…
Skeletal muscle
What activate and differentiate into m…
satellite cells
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Set #2
superior
inferior
ventral
dorsal
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; the front of
toward or at the back of the body; behind
superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body
inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
27 terms
Physiology: Respiratory Physiology Part 2
Gas Exchange at Lungs & Body Tissues
Gas Exchange between lung alveoli & pu…
Gas Exchange between systemic capillar…
Minute ventilation after Hypoventiliat…
Between 2 structures is dependent on pressure gradient of dis…
Alveolar PO2 = 105 mmHg, higher than that in pulmonary arteri…
Tissue PO2 (<100 mmHg) = lower than O2-rich arterial blood (1…
Increases - CO2 builds up in blood - causes respiratory acido…
Gas Exchange at Lungs & Body Tissues
Between 2 structures is dependent on pressure gradient of dis…
Gas Exchange between lung alveoli & pu…
Alveolar PO2 = 105 mmHg, higher than that in pulmonary arteri…
23 terms
physiology 2
osmonic pressure
definition of equilibrium potential
nervous system is composed of
nerostransmitters
force that causes water to move
electrical change needed to stop molecule from passing the co…
central (brain and spinal) and peripheral (everything else)
released from synaptic cleft and go to places indicated chemi…
osmonic pressure
force that causes water to move
definition of equilibrium potential
electrical change needed to stop molecule from passing the co…
20 terms
physiology 2
digestive system
where does food first enter?
what is the structure of the mouth?
what are the chemical and mecanical fu…
a one way passage through the body called the gastrointestina…
mouth (oral cavity) (ingestion)
teeth, salivary glands and tongue
.teeth mechanically break down food... .salivary glands secrete…
digestive system
a one way passage through the body called the gastrointestina…
where does food first enter?
mouth (oral cavity) (ingestion)
31 terms
Physiology 2
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Centrioles
rER
Control center of the cell.
Makes ribosomes.
Involved in cell division.
Modified and transfers protein.
Nucleus
Control center of the cell.
Nucleolus
Makes ribosomes.
59 terms
Physiology 2
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Atomic number
Positive charge
Neutral charge, are confined to center of atom
Negative charge
It is equal to the number of protons
Proton
Positive charge
Neutron
Neutral charge, are confined to center of atom
66 terms
physiology 2
Neurons function
Neurophysiology
Neuron anatomy
a neuron
signal sending cells of the nervous system
neurons
-has nucleus, and organelles (cell body)... -dendrites... -axon hil…
does basic cell functions and receives signals
Neurons function
signal sending cells of the nervous system
Neurophysiology
neurons
144 terms
physiology 2
pseudounipolar neurons
bipolar neurons
multipolar neurons
nerve
-have a single short process that branches like a T to form a…
-two processes. one at either end. found in the retina of the…
most common type. have several dendrites. and one axon.... -mo…
bundle of axons located OUTSIDE the CNS
pseudounipolar neurons
-have a single short process that branches like a T to form a…
bipolar neurons
-two processes. one at either end. found in the retina of the…
15 terms
Physiology 2
Strat
Stria
Hist
Neur
Layer
Groove
Web
Nerve
Strat
Layer
Stria
Groove
44 terms
physiology 2
autonomic vs somatic nervous system
sympathetic division
parasympathetic division
somatic neuron
- somatic is voluntary motor system under conscious control w…
-preganglionic neurons originate in thoracolumbar (T1-L3)... - i…
- preganglionic neurons originate in bran stem and sacral spi…
one neuron that goes from CNS to effector organ
autonomic vs somatic nervous system
- somatic is voluntary motor system under conscious control w…
sympathetic division
-preganglionic neurons originate in thoracolumbar (T1-L3)... - i…
41 terms
Physiology 2
Midbrain
Pons
Medulla oblongata
Reticular formation
Eye movement
Relay station between cerebrum and cerebellum ... Coordination…
Heart rate... Autonomic breathing ... Vomiting area postrema... Vasomo…
Arousal... Pain modulation... Sleep... Muscle tone
Midbrain
Eye movement
Pons
Relay station between cerebrum and cerebellum ... Coordination…
22 terms
Unit 2 Cell Physiology
glycoprotein
down
passive
facilitated diffusion
ID the question mark
During osmosis, water will move ________ (down/against) the c…
Osmosis is a type of _________ transport.
glycoprotein
ID the question mark
down
During osmosis, water will move ________ (down/against) the c…
20 terms
physiology #2
cent-
-centesis
cephal-, -ceps
chol-, cystic
100,100th
puncture
head
gallbladder
cent-
100,100th
-centesis
puncture
150 terms
Physiology Chapter 1 and 2
the maintenance of steady states in th…
What are 5 factors that must be regula…
Explain how homeostasis is maintained…
Some homeostatic mechanisms are not fu…
homeostasis
1. O2 and CO2 tensions... 2. osmotic pressure... 3. concentrations…
Low Blood Glucose stimulates the hormone glucagon, from alpha…
birth, and gradually work less with age
the maintenance of steady states in th…
homeostasis
What are 5 factors that must be regula…
1. O2 and CO2 tensions... 2. osmotic pressure... 3. concentrations…
11 terms
2012.2.2 Physiology
How blood pressure is maintained in th…
What other factors stimulate the vasom…
Draw and label a diagram showing a spi…
What is residual volume and how can it…
In the setting of acute blood loss:... <b>seconds to minutes</b>…
<i>Direct stimulation</i>... - CO<sub>2</sub>... - hypoxia... <i>Exci…
- Tidal volume ~500mL... - FRC 3L... - RV 1.5 - 2.0L... - TLC 7-8L... __…
Residual volume is the volume left in the lungs following <i>…
How blood pressure is maintained in th…
In the setting of acute blood loss:... <b>seconds to minutes</b>…
What other factors stimulate the vasom…
<i>Direct stimulation</i>... - CO<sub>2</sub>... - hypoxia... <i>Exci…
266 terms
Block 2: Physiology
What is the composition of the motor u…
What is another name for a motor end p…
What type of channels are found at the…
What is the sequence of events in the…
composed of multiple skeletal motor fibers
post synaptic terminal
voltage gated calcium channels
1. neurotransmitter molecules are synthesized and packaged in…
What is the composition of the motor u…
composed of multiple skeletal motor fibers
What is another name for a motor end p…
post synaptic terminal
92 terms
Physiology #2
Complete oxidation of one molecule of…
Glucose oxidation involves a _________…
ATP synthesis involved a ____________…
Glycolysis is the "splitting of ______…
6... 6
Negative... Spontaneously
Positive ... Spontaneously
Sugars... Cytosol
Complete oxidation of one molecule of…
6... 6
Glucose oxidation involves a _________…
Negative... Spontaneously
114 terms
Physiology2
Central Nervous System
Astrocytes
Oligodendroctyes
Microglia
• Brain and Spinal Cord... • 90% of CNS composed of glial cells…
scapholding, induce formation of blood-brain barrier (not par…
myelin sheathes
Phagocytosis
Central Nervous System
• Brain and Spinal Cord... • 90% of CNS composed of glial cells…
Astrocytes
scapholding, induce formation of blood-brain barrier (not par…
42 terms
Physiology 2
Whole Head
Thigh
Breast
Forearm
Cephallic
Femoral
Mammary
Antebrachial
Whole Head
Cephallic
Thigh
Femoral
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