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Study sets matching "physiology anatomy physiology digestive system"

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Study sets matching "physiology anatomy physiology digestive system"

274 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Hard Palate
Soft Palate
Uvula
Palatine Tonsils
Letter A represents
Letter B represents
Leter C represents
Letter D represents
Hard Palate
Letter A represents
Soft Palate
Letter B represents
10 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Digestive System
stomach
esophagus
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Long hollow tube where most absorption of nutrients occurs
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
stomach
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
13 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion Anatomy
Digestion Anatomy
Absorption Anatomy
Defecation Anatomy
Oral cavity (teeth, tongue) -> pharynx -> esophagus
stomach -> duodenum
Small intestine -> large intestine
Rectum -> anus
Ingestion Anatomy
Oral cavity (teeth, tongue) -> pharynx -> esophagus
Digestion Anatomy
stomach -> duodenum
38 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Small Intestine (slide)
Villi (of the small intestine) (slide)
Stomach (slide)
Liver (slide)
Small Intestine (slide)
Villi (of the small intestine) (slide)
181 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Digestive System
chymos
deciduus
enteron
frenulum
juice; (chyme)
falling off; (deciduous)
intestine; (myenteric)
small bridle; (linguinal frenulum)
chymos
juice; (chyme)
deciduus
falling off; (deciduous)
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Digestive System
Absorption
Amylase
Bile
Bilirubin
The small intestine or small bowel is the part of the gastroi…
An enzyme produced in the pancreas and salivary glands that h…
a clear yellow or orange fluid produced by the liver. It is c…
a yellow to orange bile pigment produced by the breakdown of…
Absorption
The small intestine or small bowel is the part of the gastroi…
Amylase
An enzyme produced in the pancreas and salivary glands that h…
87 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Digestive System
Digestive system
Five stages of digestion: 1, ingestion
Five stages of digestion: 2, digestion
Five stages of digestion: 3, absorption
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
selective intake of food
mechanical and chemical breakdown of food until a form usable…
uptake of nutrient molecules into the epithelial cells of the…
Digestive system
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
Five stages of digestion: 1, ingestion
selective intake of food
97 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Hard Palate
Soft Palate
Uvula
Palatine Tonsils
Letter A represents
Letter B represents
Leter C represents
Letter D represents
Hard Palate
Letter A represents
Soft Palate
Letter B represents
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Digestive System
length of system
order
associated structures
fancy term for "chewing"
~ 9 meters
mouth --> pharynx --> esophagus --> stomach --> small intesti…
pancreas... liver... gallbladder... salivary glands... appendix
mastication
length of system
~ 9 meters
order
mouth --> pharynx --> esophagus --> stomach --> small intesti…
49 terms
The Digestive System (Anatomy and Physiology)
Digestion
Mastication
Alimentary Canal
Gastrointestinal Tract (GI Tract)
The breakdown foods, mechanically or chemically, into small w…
Mechanical Digestion; "Chewing"
Canal through which food travels on it's way from the mouth
The passageway from the stomach to anus... excluding the mout…
Digestion
The breakdown foods, mechanically or chemically, into small w…
Mastication
Mechanical Digestion; "Chewing"
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Digestive System
Main Function
Alimentary (GI) Tract
Accessory Organs
Oral Cavity (Mouth)
To obtain nutrients and energy that can be used by the body t…
The structures that food passes through during digestion. (On…
Structures that aid with food digestion, but in which no food…
Though part of the alimentary canal, it is filled with access…
Main Function
To obtain nutrients and energy that can be used by the body t…
Alimentary (GI) Tract
The structures that food passes through during digestion. (On…
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Digestive System
Gastrointestinal Tract
Accessory Organs
Ingestion
Secretion
A continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus thr…
The liver, salivary glands, teeth, tongue, gallbladder, and p…
The process of putting food into the mouth
The release of water, acid, buffers, and enzymes into the lum…
Gastrointestinal Tract
A continuous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus thr…
Accessory Organs
The liver, salivary glands, teeth, tongue, gallbladder, and p…
39 terms
anatomy and physiology digestive system
layers of GI tract
which layer has blood and lymphatic ve…
mucosa
submucosa
mucosa... submucosa... muscularis... serosa
...
first layer of alimentary canal system... contains MALT (mucosa-…
second layer of alimentary canal system
layers of GI tract
mucosa... submucosa... muscularis... serosa
which layer has blood and lymphatic ve…
...
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Digestive System
Digestive System
Digestion
Mastication
Chyme
refers to the stomach and intestine, and sometimes to all the…
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into smaller co…
when food enters the mouth, being chewed by teeth, with chemi…
the thick liquid that results from a couple of hours submerge…
Digestive System
refers to the stomach and intestine, and sometimes to all the…
Digestion
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into smaller co…
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Digestive System
Digestive System
Gastrointestinal Tract (GI tract)
gastro
enteric
organs that ingest, digest and absorb food for use by the body
includes the following structures:... *mouth... *esophagus... *stomach…
stomach
intestines
Digestive System
organs that ingest, digest and absorb food for use by the body
Gastrointestinal Tract (GI tract)
includes the following structures:... *mouth... *esophagus... *stomach…
181 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Digestive System
chymos
deciduus
enteron
frenulum
juice; (chyme)
falling off; (deciduous)
intestine; (myenteric)
small bridle; (linguinal frenulum)
chymos
juice; (chyme)
deciduus
falling off; (deciduous)
181 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Digestive System
chymos
deciduus
enteron
frenulum
juice; (chyme)
falling off; (deciduous)
intestine; (myenteric)
small bridle; (linguinal frenulum)
chymos
juice; (chyme)
deciduus
falling off; (deciduous)
23 terms
Digestive System- Anatomy and Physiology
teeth
saliva
salivary glands
tongue
Teeth are the organs of chewing (mechanical digestion) , whic…
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
A group of glands found under and behind the tongue and benea…
A muscular organ in the mouth that can taste and mix bolus wi…
teeth
Teeth are the organs of chewing (mechanical digestion) , whic…
saliva
A watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands, providing…
62 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Hard Palate
Soft Palate
Uvula
tongue
Letter A represents
Letter B represents
Leter C represents
F =
Hard Palate
Letter A represents
Soft Palate
Letter B represents
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Digestive System
List the functions of the digestive sy…
Alimentary canal consists of:
List the accesory organs of the digest…
Starting from the deepest layer and mo…
breakdown of ingested food, absorption of nutrients into the…
mouth, phaynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large in…
pancreas, teeth, liver, salivary glands, gallbladder
mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, serosa
List the functions of the digestive sy…
breakdown of ingested food, absorption of nutrients into the…
Alimentary canal consists of:
mouth, phaynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestines, large in…
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Digestive System
Mechanical and chemical digestive (esp…
to increase surface area expose to enz…
How many teeth?
What are the four types of mechanical…
mouth
mastication/chewing
32
Premolar and molar... grind and crush ... canine=tear ... incisors=bite
Mechanical and chemical digestive (esp…
mouth
to increase surface area expose to enz…
mastication/chewing
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Digestive System (anatomy)
submandibular gland
parotid gland
sublingual gland
small intestine
submandibular gland
parotid gland
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Digestive System
Mesentery
Villi
Plicae circulars
Tongue
structure that suspends the small intestine from the posterio…
fingerlike extensions of the intestinal mucosa that increase…
folds of the small intestine wall
muscle which mixes food in the mouth
Mesentery
structure that suspends the small intestine from the posterio…
Villi
fingerlike extensions of the intestinal mucosa that increase…
61 terms
Digestive System, Anatomy, & Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
mechanical, chemical
Absorption
the act of eating, or taking in food
the breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the bod…
first digestion is ____ then ____
when the cells lining the digestive tract take up the small m…
Ingestion
the act of eating, or taking in food
Digestion
the breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the bod…
16 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Digestive System
What is the pear shaped sac located in…
What is the tubular organ that extends…
What are the three portions of the sma…
What lies behind the parietal peritone…
The gall bladder.
The small intestine.
The duedenum, jejunum, and ileum.
The duedenum.
What is the pear shaped sac located in…
The gall bladder.
What is the tubular organ that extends…
The small intestine.
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Digestive system
Mouth
Pharynx
CardioEsophageal
Small Intestine
Hard Palette ... Soft Palette ... Tongue
Nasopharynx ... Laryngopharynx... Oropharynx
Cardioesophageal sphincter ... -Cardiac... -Fundus... -Body... -Pyloric
Duodenum... Jejunum ... Illeum
Mouth
Hard Palette ... Soft Palette ... Tongue
Pharynx
Nasopharynx ... Laryngopharynx... Oropharynx
17 terms
Anatomy/Physiology - Digestive System
large intestine
rectum
anus
small intestine
the last section of the digestive system, where water is abso…
A short tube at the end of the large intestine where waste ma…
A muscular opening at the end of the rectum through which was…
The part of the digestive system in which most chemical diges…
large intestine
the last section of the digestive system, where water is abso…
rectum
A short tube at the end of the large intestine where waste ma…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Digestive System
tongue
Parotid gland
Sublingual gland
Submandibular gland
accessory digestive organ; the tongue is anchored to the floo…
The parotid gland is the largest of the three major pairs of…
The sublingual gland, as its name implies, lies under the flo…
The submandibular gland is one of the three major sets of sal…
tongue
accessory digestive organ; the tongue is anchored to the floo…
Parotid gland
The parotid gland is the largest of the three major pairs of…
184 terms
Anatomy & Physiology ~ Digestive System
What is digestion?
When are nutrients considered in the b…
What is ingestion?
What is mechanical digestion?
The process by which food substances are changed into forms t…
Once they are absorbed from the intestines.
To take food in
Chewing, peristalsis, churning
What is digestion?
The process by which food substances are changed into forms t…
When are nutrients considered in the b…
Once they are absorbed from the intestines.
10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The digestive system
alimentary canal
uvula
vestibule
oral cavity proper
hollow muscular tube that winds through the ventral body cavi…
soft tissue hanging from the middle of the soft palate
the space between the lips and cheeks externally and the teet…
area contained by the teeth
alimentary canal
hollow muscular tube that winds through the ventral body cavi…
uvula
soft tissue hanging from the middle of the soft palate
129 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Digestive System
The alimentary tube extends from the..…
What is the function of the digestive…
What are the 6 accessory organs?
What is the name of the muscle in the…
mouth to the anus
to take complex substances and make them simple for our body…
teeth... tongue... salivary glands... liver... gallbladder... pancreas
buccinator muscle
The alimentary tube extends from the..…
mouth to the anus
What is the function of the digestive…
to take complex substances and make them simple for our body…
10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Digestive System
Liver
Pancreas
Mastication
Chemical digestion
Largest gland and internal organ... filters and destroys toxi…
secretes digestive enzymes and insulin for carb metabolism
chewing action to reduce the size of food and mix with saliva…
chemically changes food as it travels through the digestive t…
Liver
Largest gland and internal organ... filters and destroys toxi…
Pancreas
secretes digestive enzymes and insulin for carb metabolism
89 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Digestive System
Oral Cavity, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stoma…
Liver, Gall Bladder, Pancreas, Salivar…
Mucous Cells, Serous Cells
Serosa, Muscular, Submucosa, Mucosa
List in order the organs that make of the alimentary canal.
List the major accessory organs of the digestive system.
The salivary glands are made of these two types of cells.
The alimentary canal is made up of four layers. Name them in…
Oral Cavity, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stoma…
List in order the organs that make of the alimentary canal.
Liver, Gall Bladder, Pancreas, Salivar…
List the major accessory organs of the digestive system.
67 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Digestive System
alimentary canal
Saliva
Salivary Glands
salivary amylase
the continuous tube of the digestive system through which foo…
an enzyme-containing secretion of the mouth that moistens foo…
paired glands that are found surrounding your mouth. Two of t…
the enzymes found in saliva that break down starches.
alimentary canal
the continuous tube of the digestive system through which foo…
Saliva
an enzyme-containing secretion of the mouth that moistens foo…
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Digestive System
digestive tract, accessory structures
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, sm…
salivary glands, liver, gall bladder,…
accessory
What are the two major subsystems of the digestive system?
What are the six structures of the digestive tract?
What are the four accessory structures of the digestive system?
What structures collectively produce chemicals that aid in di…
digestive tract, accessory structures
What are the two major subsystems of the digestive system?
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, sm…
What are the six structures of the digestive tract?
120 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Digestive System
What are the 6 major functions of the…
____ is food and fluid into the mouth
____ is the mechanical and chemical br…
____ is the elimination of feces from…
ingestion... secretion... mixing and propulsion (motility)... digestio…
ingestion
digestion
defecation
What are the 6 major functions of the…
ingestion... secretion... mixing and propulsion (motility)... digestio…
____ is food and fluid into the mouth
ingestion
15 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Digestive system
Three main functions of the Digestive…
Organs of the Digestive System
Epiglottis
The alimentary canal (gastrointestinal tract) is a system of…
1. Digestion- process by which food is ingested for absorptio…
1. Mouth... 2. Teeth... 3. Salivary Glands... 4. Pharynx... 5. Esophagus…
A flap of tissue that blocks the opening of the larynx preven…
Digestive system
The alimentary canal (gastrointestinal tract) is a system of…
Three main functions of the Digestive…
1. Digestion- process by which food is ingested for absorptio…
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Digestive System
the stomach is _________ long
the stomach contains________liters
Rugae
Four functions of the stomach?
15-25cm
0-1.5 liters
folds in the stomach that allow for expansion
1. Bulk storage of ingested food... 2. Mechanical breakdown of f…
the stomach is _________ long
15-25cm
the stomach contains________liters
0-1.5 liters
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- digestive system
lingual lipase
enterokinase
secretin
a hormone
1. Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?... a. chy…
2. Which of the following enzymes does not digest any nutrien…
3. Which of the following is not an enzyme?... a. chymotrypsin... b…
4. The substance in question 3 (secretin) that is not an enzy…
lingual lipase
1. Which of the following enzymes acts in the stomach?... a. chy…
enterokinase
2. Which of the following enzymes does not digest any nutrien…
64 terms
Digestive System - Anatomy and Physiology
alimentary canal
digestion
upper gastrointestinal tract
lower gastrointestinal tract
A musculomembranous tube, about 30 feet long, extending from…
The process of altering the chemical and physical composition…
The upper part of the GI tract consisting of the mouth, phary…
The lower portion of the GI tract consisting of the small and…
alimentary canal
A musculomembranous tube, about 30 feet long, extending from…
digestion
The process of altering the chemical and physical composition…
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Digestive System
Digestion
Absorption
Ingestion
Propulsion
Breaking down food into smaller particles (chemicals)
Taking the digested chemicals into the bloodstream
Taking food into the mouth
Moves food through the alimentary canal; includes swallowing…
Digestion
Breaking down food into smaller particles (chemicals)
Absorption
Taking the digested chemicals into the bloodstream
120 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Digestive System
What are the 6 major functions of the…
____ is food and fluid into the mouth
____ is the mechanical and chemical br…
____ is the elimination of feces from…
ingestion... secretion... mixing and propulsion (motility)... digestio…
ingestion
digestion
defecation
What are the 6 major functions of the…
ingestion... secretion... mixing and propulsion (motility)... digestio…
____ is food and fluid into the mouth
ingestion
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Digestive System
Digestive System
Gastrointestinal Tract (GI tract)
gastro
enteric
organs that ingest, digest and absorb food for use by the body
includes the following structures:... *mouth... *esophagus... *stomach…
stomach
intestines
Digestive System
organs that ingest, digest and absorb food for use by the body
Gastrointestinal Tract (GI tract)
includes the following structures:... *mouth... *esophagus... *stomach…
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Digestive System
Why we eat
Six categories of nutrients
Water
Protein
-Provide our bodies with nutrients... -Provide our bodies with v…
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Fats... Minerals ... Vitamins ... Water
Dissolves and carries nutrients, removes water, and regulates…
Builds new tissue, antibodies, enzymes, hormones, and other c…
Why we eat
-Provide our bodies with nutrients... -Provide our bodies with v…
Six categories of nutrients
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Fats... Minerals ... Vitamins ... Water
86 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Digestive System
What does the alimentary canal or gast…
What is in the alimentary canal?
What are the accessory organs?
What is the peritoneum?
-Digests and absorbs foods.
-mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and lar…
-teeth, tongue, gallbladder, salivary glands, liver, and panc…
-Serous membrane of the peritoneal cavity. i.e., abdominal ca…
What does the alimentary canal or gast…
-Digests and absorbs foods.
What is in the alimentary canal?
-mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and lar…
49 terms
Anatomy and physiology: Digestive system
the Gastrointestinal tract starts wher…
Examples of accessory structures
the 6 steps of the digestive process
2 types of digestion
Mouth-> Esophagus->Stomach-> small intestine-> large intestine
teeth, tongue, saliva, glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
Ingestion, secretion, mix and propulsion, digestion, absorpti…
mechanical and chemical
the Gastrointestinal tract starts wher…
Mouth-> Esophagus->Stomach-> small intestine-> large intestine
Examples of accessory structures
teeth, tongue, saliva, glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
42 terms
Anatomy and physiology; The Digestive System
Functions of Digestive System
Digestive System
Layers of Digestive System
Uvala
Ingestion-taking in food... Absorption - monomers... Mechanical Pro…
Gastrointestinal Tract
1) Serosa (serous) thick;tough; fibrous... 2)muscle layer... 3) Sub…
Dangly thing; some says help swallow and with the immune system
Functions of Digestive System
Ingestion-taking in food... Absorption - monomers... Mechanical Pro…
Digestive System
Gastrointestinal Tract
24 terms
anatomy and physiology of the digestive system
3 main functions of the digestive system
digestion of food
eliminating waste
digestion begin
digesting food... absorbing nutrients ... eliminating waste
produces simple nutrient molecules... glucose... tri... amino acids... si…
feces
roof palate - hard and bony anterior... soft - flexible posterior
3 main functions of the digestive system
digesting food... absorbing nutrients ... eliminating waste
digestion of food
produces simple nutrient molecules... glucose... tri... amino acids... si…
68 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Digestive System
Function
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Primary Substances
break down large, complex molecules into smaller molecules th…
example: chewing
using enzymes to chemically break down molecules
carbs, fats, and proteins
Function
break down large, complex molecules into smaller molecules th…
Mechanical Digestion
example: chewing
113 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Digestive system
What is digestion?
what is the function of the digestive…
What is the alimentary canal?
Structure of the alimentary canal wall
- The mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods so tha nutri…
Carries out the process of digestion
- The tube leading from the mouth to the anus... - A muscular tu…
- 4 layers... > Mucosa... > Submucosa... > Muscular layer... > Serosa
What is digestion?
- The mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods so tha nutri…
what is the function of the digestive…
Carries out the process of digestion
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