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Study sets matching "physiology anatomy physiology special senses"

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Study sets matching "physiology anatomy physiology special senses"

25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Special Senses
Superior Rectus Muscle
Inferior Rectus Muscle
Medial Rectus Muscle
Lateral Rectus Muscle
-Superior surface of eyeball... -Eye looks Superiorly... -Oculomoto…
-Inferior, medial surface of eyeball... -Eye looks inferiorly... -O…
-Medial surface of eyeball... -Eye looks medially... -Oculomotor N…
-Lateral surface of eyeball... -Eye looks laterally... -Abducens N VI
Superior Rectus Muscle
-Superior surface of eyeball... -Eye looks Superiorly... -Oculomoto…
Inferior Rectus Muscle
-Inferior, medial surface of eyeball... -Eye looks inferiorly... -O…
140 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Special Senses
Exteroreceptors
Interoreceptors
Proprioceptors
1. Stimulus ... 2. Transduction ... 3. Gener…
Receptors located at or near external surface of body that me…
Receptors located within the body that measure the internal e…
Provide information about body position, muscle length and te…
The four events of sensation
Exteroreceptors
Receptors located at or near external surface of body that me…
Interoreceptors
Receptors located within the body that measure the internal e…
155 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Special Senses
Eyebrow
Eyelid
Eyelashes
Conjunctiva merges with cornea
1
2
3
4
Eyebrow
1
Eyelid
2
155 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Special Senses
Eyebrow
Eyelid
Eyelashes
Conjunctiva merges with cornea
1
2
3
4
Eyebrow
1
Eyelid
2
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Special Senses
eyebrows
eyelids (palpebrae)
medial and lateral commisure
lacrimal caruncle
shade eyes from sunlight and protect eyes from perspiration
protect eyes from debris
corners of the eye
sebaceous and sweat glands in the medial commissure
eyebrows
shade eyes from sunlight and protect eyes from perspiration
eyelids (palpebrae)
protect eyes from debris
34 terms
Special Senses - Anatomy and Physiology
Nasolacrimal Ducts
Lacrimal Gland
Palpebral conjunctival
Lacrimal Canal
Drains tears into nasal cavity
Produces Tears
membrane that covers the inner surface of the eyelid
Tears from the surface of the eye drain here
Nasolacrimal Ducts
Drains tears into nasal cavity
Lacrimal Gland
Produces Tears
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Special Senses
Sclera
Cornea
Iris
Aqueous Humor
-The outer covering of the eye... -WHITE OF THE EYE
The clear covering over the front of the eye
The colorful pigmented part of the eye
The liquid found between the cornea and the lens
Sclera
-The outer covering of the eye... -WHITE OF THE EYE
Cornea
The clear covering over the front of the eye
46 terms
special senses anatomy and physiology
tarsal glands
Conjunctiva
lacrimal glands
lysozome
produce an oily secretion that lubricates the eye
delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers part of t…
These release a dilute salt solution onto the anterior surfac…
enzyme that destroys bacteria
tarsal glands
produce an oily secretion that lubricates the eye
Conjunctiva
delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers part of t…
84 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Special Senses
Olfaction
Gustation
Photoreception
Audition
Smell
Taste
Sight
Hearing
Olfaction
Smell
Gustation
Taste
The Special Senses (Anatomy and Physiology)
Afferent neurons
What are the five types of receptors a…
How do sensations arise?
How is pain produced?
Bring sensory information to the CNS
Chemoreceptors-sensitive to chanegs in chemical concentraion…
Graded potentials summate and stimulate another neuron and wi…
Free nerve endings are stimulated when tissues are damaged. M…
Afferent neurons
Bring sensory information to the CNS
What are the five types of receptors a…
Chemoreceptors-sensitive to chanegs in chemical concentraion…
27 terms
Special senses Anatomy and Physiology
Sclera
Cornea
Conjunctiva
Lens
white portion of fibrous layer of eye
clear portion of the fibrous outer layer of eye
Thin membrane that covers the anterior portion of the eye
Focuses light onto the retina
Sclera
white portion of fibrous layer of eye
Cornea
clear portion of the fibrous outer layer of eye
349 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Special Senses
What is the name for the ear canal?
Which of the following structures is N…
Which two structures of the internal e…
Which two structures make up the outer…
external acoustic meatus
cochlea
vestibule and semicircular canals
cornea and sclera
What is the name for the ear canal?
external acoustic meatus
Which of the following structures is N…
cochlea
63 terms
Anatomy + Physiology (Special Senses)
Ciliary Glands
Extrinsic Muscles
Meniere's Disease
Bony Labyrinth
sweat glands between the eyelashes
(6) attach to the outer surface of the eye + are responsible…
chronic inflammation of the semicircular canals of the inner…
(inner ear) hollow tunnel
Ciliary Glands
sweat glands between the eyelashes
Extrinsic Muscles
(6) attach to the outer surface of the eye + are responsible…
42 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Special Senses
Orbit
conjunctiva
conjunctivitis
sty
cavity in which the eyeball is located
mucous membrane covering inner surface of eyelids
inflammation of conjunctiva (pinkeye)
infection of sebaceous glands of the eyelashes
Orbit
cavity in which the eyeball is located
conjunctiva
mucous membrane covering inner surface of eyelids
65 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY: Special Senses
The cartilaginous outer ear is called
The Auditory Canal is also called
Ceruminous Glands secrete what?
The Auditory Canal goes through what c…
auricle or pinna
External Auditory Meatus
cerumen; earwax
Temporal Bone
The cartilaginous outer ear is called
auricle or pinna
The Auditory Canal is also called
External Auditory Meatus
26 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Special Senses
Receptors
Meissner's Corpuscles
Merkel's Disc
Pacinian Corpuscles
Skin, Muscles, Visceral Organs are locations of...
Small, oval capsules of connective tissue composed of 2 or mo…
Fine-touch cells found in epidermis
Detectors of pressure in deep regions of skin (joints/tendons)
Receptors
Skin, Muscles, Visceral Organs are locations of...
Meissner's Corpuscles
Small, oval capsules of connective tissue composed of 2 or mo…
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Special Senses
Strabismus
Which 2 muscles in the iris are respon…
Macula lutea
Fovea centralis
A weakness of extrinsic eye muscles
Sphincter pupillae (Parasympathetic)... Dilator pupillae (Sympa…
Contains mostly cones
Contains cones only
Strabismus
A weakness of extrinsic eye muscles
Which 2 muscles in the iris are respon…
Sphincter pupillae (Parasympathetic)... Dilator pupillae (Sympa…
47 terms
special senses anatomy and physiology
tarsal glands
Conjunctiva
lacrimal glands
lysozome
produce an oily secretion that lubricates the eye
delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers part of t…
These release a dilute salt solution onto the anterior surfac…
enzyme that destroys bacteria
tarsal glands
produce an oily secretion that lubricates the eye
Conjunctiva
delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers part of t…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Special Senses
General Senses
Special Senses
Temperature (scientific name)
Pain (scientific name)
Temperature, Pain, Touch, Stretch and Pressure
Gustation, Olfaction, Vision, Audition and Equilibrium
Thermoreceptor
Nociceptor
General Senses
Temperature, Pain, Touch, Stretch and Pressure
Special Senses
Gustation, Olfaction, Vision, Audition and Equilibrium
20 terms
anatomy & physiology - the special senses
Depth perception
Which of the following definitions bes…
Arrange the following list of membrane…
The outermost tunic of the eyeball is…
is the ability to distinguish between near and far objects an…
resonance quality
(3) tympanic membrane, (2) vestibular membrane, (4) basilar m…
sclera
Depth perception
is the ability to distinguish between near and far objects an…
Which of the following definitions bes…
resonance quality
54 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I - Special Senses
Eye
Sclera
Cornea
Choroid layer
Orbital
White of the eye
Clear membrane at the front of the globe covering the iris, p…
beneath sclera; helps supply retina with blood; dark, pigment…
Eye
Orbital
Sclera
White of the eye
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I (Special Senses)
Factors that contribute to our conscio…
Cornea
Lens
Sclera
-Quality of sensation (depends on the type of receptor being…
Avascular transparent coat that is curved to focus light on t…
A transparent structure that helps to focus images on the ret…
Covers the eyeball (exception: cornea); opaque connective tis…
Factors that contribute to our conscio…
-Quality of sensation (depends on the type of receptor being…
Cornea
Avascular transparent coat that is curved to focus light on t…
30 terms
8 - Special Senses - Anatomy and Physiology
What is the function/purpose of lysozy…
What is the proper name for "White of…
What is the central anterior portion o…
What is the middle portion of the eyeb…
Destroys bacteria, cleans, protects, and lubricates the eye
Sclera
Cornea
Coroid
What is the function/purpose of lysozy…
Destroys bacteria, cleans, protects, and lubricates the eye
What is the proper name for "White of…
Sclera
43 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Test - Special Senses
Cornea
Pupil
Lacrimal Gland
Conjunctiva
The anterior most portion of the fibrous tunic which allows l…
The round, central opening in the iris which allows light to…
The structure which continually releases a dilute saline solu…
A delicate mucous membrane that lines the inner surface is th…
Cornea
The anterior most portion of the fibrous tunic which allows l…
Pupil
The round, central opening in the iris which allows light to…
158 terms
Anatomy & Physiology General/Special Senses
Stimuli
Sensation
Receptive Field
Smaller
Sensory information
Our conscious awareness to stimuli
The entire area through which the sensitive ends of receptor…
The _______________ the receptive field, the more sensitive a…
Stimuli
Sensory information
Sensation
Our conscious awareness to stimuli
The General and Special Senses -- Anatomy & Physiology
free nerve endings
receptive field
sensation
where pressure, pain, temp, and taste…
the branching tips of dendrites... sensetive to many types of st…
the area monitored by a single receptor cell
arriving information at the CNS
primary sensory cortex
free nerve endings
the branching tips of dendrites... sensetive to many types of st…
receptive field
the area monitored by a single receptor cell
65 terms
Special Senses - Human Anatomy & Physiology
Sensation
Adaptation
Receptors
Mechanoreceptors
State of awareness of internal or external conditions of the…
Change in sensitivity
-Mechanoreceptors ... - Thermoreceptors ... - Pain ... - Chemoreceptor…
Sensory nerve fibers ... -Triggered by distortion of the cell…
Sensation
State of awareness of internal or external conditions of the…
Adaptation
Change in sensitivity
43 terms
Special Senses anatomy and physiology patrick
Five Special Senses:
Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
Taste = gustation
Basic Tastes
* smell, taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium... * sensed by speci…
- sensed by chemorecetors which respond to chemicals in solut…
*taste buds located primarily on papillae of tongue... **Compose…
Sweet mostly at front of tongue... Sour on sides of tongue... Bitte…
Five Special Senses:
* smell, taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium... * sensed by speci…
Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
- sensed by chemorecetors which respond to chemicals in solut…
146 terms
THE SPECIAL SENSES / Human Anatomy & Physiology
myringo, tympano
ophthalmo, opto
irido
blepharo
combining form meaning eardrum
combining form meaning eye, vision
combining form meaning iris of the eye
combining form meaning eyelid
myringo, tympano
combining form meaning eardrum
ophthalmo, opto
combining form meaning eye, vision
30 terms
Avian Anatomy and Physiology- Special Senses
What are the special senses?
T/F The avian eye is considered to be…
What are the parts of the avian eye?
Dioptric media:
Vision, Hearing, Smell (Olfaction), Taste
True
three tunics and dioptric media
the lens and the gel like substance of the eye.
What are the special senses?
Vision, Hearing, Smell (Olfaction), Taste
T/F The avian eye is considered to be…
True
44 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Special Senses
Special Senses
Sensory Receptors
Sense Organs
Five types of Receptors
Taste, Smell, Sight, Hearing and Balance
Localized (head region); not free endings of sensory neurons
Receive information from the environment, send it to the brai…
Chemoreceptors, Nociceptors, Thermoreceptors, Mechanoreceptor…
Special Senses
Taste, Smell, Sight, Hearing and Balance
Sensory Receptors
Localized (head region); not free endings of sensory neurons
27 terms
special senses: vision (anatomy and physiology)
vitreous humor
ciliary body
cornea
iris
keeps your eye from collapsing
smooth muscle, contracts to change the shape of the lens
transparent, allows for light to pass through
heavily pigmented layer that gives the eye color and prevents…
vitreous humor
keeps your eye from collapsing
ciliary body
smooth muscle, contracts to change the shape of the lens
51 terms
H Anatomy & Physiology: Special Senses
Orbit
Tarsal Glands
Conjunctiva
Conjunctivitis
bony structure around eyeball.
glands at the edge of the eyeball that produce oil to lubrica…
membrane that lines the eyelids which connects to the outer s…
inflammation of the conjunctiva producing redness.
Orbit
bony structure around eyeball.
Tarsal Glands
glands at the edge of the eyeball that produce oil to lubrica…
34 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Special Senses: Ocular
vitreous humor
macular region
fovea region
ciliary body
holds shape of eye/gives support
highest concentration of rods & cones
divot with only cone cells, only detail vision
stretches lens or allows lens to ball up
vitreous humor
holds shape of eye/gives support
macular region
highest concentration of rods & cones
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology-Special Senses Vision
Vision
Light
Solar radiation
Accessory structures of the eye include:
The perception of light
Light is electromagnetic radiation, measured in wavelengths
Most solar radiation reaching earth falls within 400-750 nm.…
-Conjunctiva... -Lacrimal apparatus... -Extrinsic eye muscles
Vision
The perception of light
Light
Light is electromagnetic radiation, measured in wavelengths
33 terms
anatomy and physiology special senses review
1. The function of the ____________ tu…
2. The externally visible fleshy part…
3. The ______________ contains recepto…
4. The _________________communicates s…
auditory
pinna
3. ORGAN OF CORTI
4. TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
1. The function of the ____________ tu…
auditory
2. The externally visible fleshy part…
pinna
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Special Senses & Muscles
A band
myosin
actin
I band
dark band that contains thick filaments with an overlap of thin
thick filament... part of M line
thin filament
light band that only contains thin filaments
A band
dark band that contains thick filaments with an overlap of thin
myosin
thick filament... part of M line
Anatomy & Physiology I: Special Senses
Accessory Organs
What are the Accessory Organs?
Lacrimal Apparatus
Eyelids
aid in function.
1. Lacrimal Apparatus... 2.Eyelids... 3. Extrinsic eye muscle
Tears (lubricate + cleanse eye)... *Antibacterial enzyme... *Two te…
protects.
Accessory Organs
aid in function.
What are the Accessory Organs?
1. Lacrimal Apparatus... 2.Eyelids... 3. Extrinsic eye muscle
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Special Senses Vocabulary
Canthus
Aqueous Humor
Retina
Optic Disc
Either corner of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet
A watery fluid secreted on tthe epithelium of the inner surfa…
Contains several visceral receptor cells
Where nerve fibers from the retina leave the eye and join the…
Canthus
Either corner of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet
Aqueous Humor
A watery fluid secreted on tthe epithelium of the inner surfa…
22 terms
Special Senses - H Anatomy and Physiology
Conjunctivitis (pinkeye)
Night blindness
Color blindness
Cataracts
Infection of conjunctiva via bacteria
Caused by lack of rods or decreased vitamin A; causes an inab…
Lack of red, blue, and/or green cones
Loss of vision due to cloudy lens
Conjunctivitis (pinkeye)
Infection of conjunctiva via bacteria
Night blindness
Caused by lack of rods or decreased vitamin A; causes an inab…
42 terms
SPECIAL SENSES / LAB 2 / Human Anatomy & Physiology
ampulla
auricle
basilar membrane
choroid
ampulla
auricle
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Somatic Senses and Special Senses
Somatic senses
Sensory nerve fiber (free end)
Tactile (Meissner's) corpuscles
Lamellar (Pacinian) corpuscles
Senses associated with receptors in the skin, muscles, joints…
Type of touch/pressure receptor found in epithelial tissues a…
Type of touch/pressure receptor found in the hairless portion…
Type of touch/pressure receptor found in deeper subcutaneous…
Somatic senses
Senses associated with receptors in the skin, muscles, joints…
Sensory nerve fiber (free end)
Type of touch/pressure receptor found in epithelial tissues a…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology General and Special Sense
conjunctiva
lacrimal gland
sclera
cornea
thin mucous layer that covers the interior surface of the eye…
produces and drains tears
white part of the eyeball
clear, refractory part of the eye
conjunctiva
thin mucous layer that covers the interior surface of the eye…
lacrimal gland
produces and drains tears
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Special Senses: Ear
Eustachian Tube
Organ of Corti
Tympanic Membrane
Maculae
connects middle ear chamber with nasopharynx; equalizes press…
contains sensory hair cells and nerve endings of the cochlear…
eardrum
essential to mechanism of static equilibrium; hair cells resp…
Eustachian Tube
connects middle ear chamber with nasopharynx; equalizes press…
Organ of Corti
contains sensory hair cells and nerve endings of the cochlear…
Anatomy and Physiology 156: Special Senses
study of eye and its diseases
study of ear, nose, throat (ENT)
How many distinctive chemical stimuli…
What is the name of the bone and plate…
ophthalmology
otorhinolaryngology
2000-4000
Ethmoid bone, cribriform plate
study of eye and its diseases
ophthalmology
study of ear, nose, throat (ENT)
otorhinolaryngology
23 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Special Senses (The Eye)
What is an amblyopia?
What is an astigmatism?
What is a cataract?
What is conjunctivitis?
lazy eye
abnormal shape or curvature of the cornea that causes blurred…
occurs when the normally clear lens becomes cloudy, or opaque
pink, eye, a contagious inflammation of the conjunctiva & is…
What is an amblyopia?
lazy eye
What is an astigmatism?
abnormal shape or curvature of the cornea that causes blurred…
76 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8: Special Senses
Accommodation
Pupillary Reflex
Aqueous Humor
Auricle or Pinna
Adjustment of the eye for seeing objects at a close range
when the pupils constrict to see closer objects
a clear, watery fluid that fills the space between the cornea…
external ear (what we see)
Accommodation
Adjustment of the eye for seeing objects at a close range
Pupillary Reflex
when the pupils constrict to see closer objects
61 terms
SPECIAL SENSES / LAB 3 / Human Anatomy & Physiology
Sclera
Cornea
Conjunctiva
Choroid
AKA: White of the eye
Transparent front part of eye
Mucus membrane that covers the front part of the sclera and l…
Sits between the sclera and the retina
Sclera
AKA: White of the eye
Cornea
Transparent front part of eye
95 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 15: Special Senses
auricle (pinna)
auditory tube (eustachian tube)
cochlea
semicircular canals
#1
#9
#8
#6
auricle (pinna)
#1
auditory tube (eustachian tube)
#9
135 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Chp 17: Special Senses
Is smell a chemical sense?
Describe the smell receptors
What are the supporting cells of smell?
Columnar epithelium
Yes
-olfactory receptors with cilia in the olfactory epithelium o…
1. columnar epithelium... 2. olfactory glands... 3. Basal cells
support, nourishment, insulation, detoxification
Is smell a chemical sense?
Yes
Describe the smell receptors
-olfactory receptors with cilia in the olfactory epithelium o…
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