Study sets matching "physiology anatomy physiology special senses"

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Study sets matching "physiology anatomy physiology special senses"

Anatomy and Physiology Special Senses
Superior Rectus Muscle
Inferior Rectus Muscle
Medial Rectus Muscle
Lateral Rectus Muscle
-Superior surface of eyeball... -Eye looks Superiorly... -Oculomoto…
-Inferior, medial surface of eyeball... -Eye looks inferiorly... -O…
-Medial surface of eyeball... -Eye looks medially... -Oculomotor N…
-Lateral surface of eyeball... -Eye looks laterally... -Abducens N VI
Superior Rectus Muscle
-Superior surface of eyeball... -Eye looks Superiorly... -Oculomoto…
Inferior Rectus Muscle
-Inferior, medial surface of eyeball... -Eye looks inferiorly... -O…
140 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Special Senses
Exteroreceptors
Interoreceptors
Proprioceptors
1. Stimulus ... 2. Transduction ... 3. Gener…
Receptors located at or near external surface of body that me…
Receptors located within the body that measure the internal e…
Provide information about body position, muscle length and te…
The four events of sensation
Exteroreceptors
Receptors located at or near external surface of body that me…
Interoreceptors
Receptors located within the body that measure the internal e…
Anatomy & Physiology - Special Senses
Eyebrow
Eyelid
Eyelashes
Conjunctiva merges with cornea
1
2
3
4
Eyebrow
1
Eyelid
2
Anatomy and Physiology: Special Senses
eyebrows
eyelids (palpebrae)
medial and lateral commisure
lacrimal caruncle
shade eyes from sunlight and protect eyes from perspiration
protect eyes from debris
corners of the eye
sebaceous and sweat glands in the medial commissure
eyebrows
shade eyes from sunlight and protect eyes from perspiration
eyelids (palpebrae)
protect eyes from debris
34 terms
Special Senses - Anatomy and Physiology
Nasolacrimal Ducts
Lacrimal Gland
Palpebral conjunctival
Lacrimal Canal
Drains tears into nasal cavity
Produces Tears
membrane that covers the inner surface of the eyelid
Tears from the surface of the eye drain here
Nasolacrimal Ducts
Drains tears into nasal cavity
Lacrimal Gland
Produces Tears
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Special Senses
Sclera
Cornea
Iris
Aqueous Humor
-The outer covering of the eye... -WHITE OF THE EYE
The clear covering over the front of the eye
The colorful pigmented part of the eye
The liquid found between the cornea and the lens
Sclera
-The outer covering of the eye... -WHITE OF THE EYE
Cornea
The clear covering over the front of the eye
Anatomy & Physiology - Special Senses
Eyebrow
Eyelid
Eyelashes
Conjunctiva merges with cornea
1
2
3
4
Eyebrow
1
Eyelid
2
Anatomy & Physiology Special Senses
Olfaction
Gustation
Photoreception
Audition
Smell
Taste
Sight
Hearing
Olfaction
Smell
Gustation
Taste
46 terms
special senses anatomy and physiology
tarsal glands
Conjunctiva
lacrimal glands
lysozome
produce an oily secretion that lubricates the eye
delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers part of t…
These release a dilute salt solution onto the anterior surfac…
enzyme that destroys bacteria
tarsal glands
produce an oily secretion that lubricates the eye
Conjunctiva
delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers part of t…
The Special Senses (Anatomy and Physiology)
Afferent neurons
What are the five types of receptors a…
How do sensations arise?
How is pain produced?
Bring sensory information to the CNS
Chemoreceptors-sensitive to chanegs in chemical concentraion…
Graded potentials summate and stimulate another neuron and wi…
Free nerve endings are stimulated when tissues are damaged. M…
Afferent neurons
Bring sensory information to the CNS
What are the five types of receptors a…
Chemoreceptors-sensitive to chanegs in chemical concentraion…
Anatomy and Physiology Special Senses
What is the name for the ear canal?
Which of the following structures is N…
Which two structures of the internal e…
Which two structures make up the outer…
external acoustic meatus
cochlea
vestibule and semicircular canals
cornea and sclera
What is the name for the ear canal?
external acoustic meatus
Which of the following structures is N…
cochlea
27 terms
Special senses Anatomy and Physiology
Sclera
Cornea
Conjunctiva
Lens
white portion of fibrous layer of eye
clear portion of the fibrous outer layer of eye
Thin membrane that covers the anterior portion of the eye
Focuses light onto the retina
Sclera
white portion of fibrous layer of eye
Cornea
clear portion of the fibrous outer layer of eye
140 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Special Senses
Exteroreceptors
Interoreceptors
Proprioceptors
1. Stimulus ... 2. Transduction ... 3. Gener…
Receptors located at or near external surface of body that me…
Receptors located within the body that measure the internal e…
Provide information about body position, muscle length and te…
The four events of sensation
Exteroreceptors
Receptors located at or near external surface of body that me…
Interoreceptors
Receptors located within the body that measure the internal e…
47 terms
Special Senses- Anatomy & Physiology
cones
rods
lacrimal gland
cornea
-specific to wavelength (color)... -less sensitive to light so w…
-detect a wide range of wavelengths (no color detection)... -mor…
-paired, almond shaped glands... -secrete the aqueous layer of t…
the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, p…
cones
-specific to wavelength (color)... -less sensitive to light so w…
rods
-detect a wide range of wavelengths (no color detection)... -mor…
63 terms
Anatomy + Physiology (Special Senses)
Ciliary Glands
Extrinsic Muscles
Meniere's Disease
Bony Labyrinth
sweat glands between the eyelashes
(6) attach to the outer surface of the eye + are responsible…
chronic inflammation of the semicircular canals of the inner…
(inner ear) hollow tunnel
Ciliary Glands
sweat glands between the eyelashes
Extrinsic Muscles
(6) attach to the outer surface of the eye + are responsible…
26 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Special Senses
Receptors
Meissner's Corpuscles
Merkel's Disc
Pacinian Corpuscles
Skin, Muscles, Visceral Organs are locations of...
Small, oval capsules of connective tissue composed of 2 or mo…
Fine-touch cells found in epidermis
Detectors of pressure in deep regions of skin (joints/tendons)
Receptors
Skin, Muscles, Visceral Organs are locations of...
Meissner's Corpuscles
Small, oval capsules of connective tissue composed of 2 or mo…
65 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY: Special Senses
The cartilaginous outer ear is called
The Auditory Canal is also called
Ceruminous Glands secrete what?
The Auditory Canal goes through what c…
auricle or pinna
External Auditory Meatus
cerumen; earwax
Temporal Bone
The cartilaginous outer ear is called
auricle or pinna
The Auditory Canal is also called
External Auditory Meatus
42 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Special Senses
Orbit
conjunctiva
conjunctivitis
sty
cavity in which the eyeball is located
mucous membrane covering inner surface of eyelids
inflammation of conjunctiva (pinkeye)
infection of sebaceous glands of the eyelashes
Orbit
cavity in which the eyeball is located
conjunctiva
mucous membrane covering inner surface of eyelids
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Special Senses
Sensory receptors
transducers
receptive field
sensation
-provide information about internal and external environments…
convert stimulus energy to electrical energy
the distribution area of the endings of a sensory neurons ... ex…
a stimulus we are consciously aware of
Sensory receptors
-provide information about internal and external environments…
transducers
convert stimulus energy to electrical energy
special senses anatomy and physiology
tarsal glands
Conjunctiva
lacrimal glands
lysozome
produce an oily secretion that lubricates the eye
delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers part of t…
These release a dilute salt solution onto the anterior surfac…
enzyme that destroys bacteria
tarsal glands
produce an oily secretion that lubricates the eye
Conjunctiva
delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers part of t…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Special Senses
General Senses
Special Senses
Temperature (scientific name)
Pain (scientific name)
Temperature, Pain, Touch, Stretch and Pressure
Gustation, Olfaction, Vision, Audition and Equilibrium
Thermoreceptor
Nociceptor
General Senses
Temperature, Pain, Touch, Stretch and Pressure
Special Senses
Gustation, Olfaction, Vision, Audition and Equilibrium
20 terms
anatomy & physiology - the special senses
Depth perception
Which of the following definitions bes…
Arrange the following list of membrane…
The outermost tunic of the eyeball is…
is the ability to distinguish between near and far objects an…
resonance quality
(3) tympanic membrane, (2) vestibular membrane, (4) basilar m…
sclera
Depth perception
is the ability to distinguish between near and far objects an…
Which of the following definitions bes…
resonance quality
Anatomy & Physiology I - Special Senses
Eye
Sclera
Cornea
Choroid layer
Orbital
White of the eye
Clear membrane at the front of the globe covering the iris, p…
beneath sclera; helps supply retina with blood; dark, pigment…
Eye
Orbital
Sclera
White of the eye
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I (Special Senses)
Factors that contribute to our conscio…
Cornea
Lens
Sclera
-Quality of sensation (depends on the type of receptor being…
Avascular transparent coat that is curved to focus light on t…
A transparent structure that helps to focus images on the ret…
Covers the eyeball (exception: cornea); opaque connective tis…
Factors that contribute to our conscio…
-Quality of sensation (depends on the type of receptor being…
Cornea
Avascular transparent coat that is curved to focus light on t…
Anatomy/Physiology Test - Special Senses
Cornea
Pupil
Lacrimal Gland
Conjunctiva
The anterior most portion of the fibrous tunic which allows l…
The round, central opening in the iris which allows light to…
The structure which continually releases a dilute saline solu…
A delicate mucous membrane that lines the inner surface is th…
Cornea
The anterior most portion of the fibrous tunic which allows l…
Pupil
The round, central opening in the iris which allows light to…
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Special Senses
Strabismus
Which 2 muscles in the iris are respon…
Macula lutea
Fovea centralis
A weakness of extrinsic eye muscles
Sphincter pupillae (Parasympathetic)... Dilator pupillae (Sympa…
Contains mostly cones
Contains cones only
Strabismus
A weakness of extrinsic eye muscles
Which 2 muscles in the iris are respon…
Sphincter pupillae (Parasympathetic)... Dilator pupillae (Sympa…
30 terms
8 - Special Senses - Anatomy and Physiology
What is the function/purpose of lysozy…
What is the proper name for "White of…
What is the central anterior portion o…
What is the middle portion of the eyeb…
Destroys bacteria, cleans, protects, and lubricates the eye
Sclera
Cornea
Coroid
What is the function/purpose of lysozy…
Destroys bacteria, cleans, protects, and lubricates the eye
What is the proper name for "White of…
Sclera
102 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Special Senses Test
Smell, taste, sight, and hearing are c…
The _____ glands release tears.
This part of the eye is also known as…
A delicate membrane that lines the eye…
special
lacrimal
sclera
conjunctiva
Smell, taste, sight, and hearing are c…
special
The _____ glands release tears.
lacrimal
65 terms
Special Senses - Human Anatomy & Physiology
Sensation
Adaptation
Receptors
Mechanoreceptors
State of awareness of internal or external conditions of the…
Change in sensitivity
-Mechanoreceptors ... - Thermoreceptors ... - Pain ... - Chemoreceptor…
Sensory nerve fibers ... -Triggered by distortion of the cell…
Sensation
State of awareness of internal or external conditions of the…
Adaptation
Change in sensitivity
The General and Special Senses -- Anatomy & Physiology
free nerve endings
receptive field
sensation
where pressure, pain, temp, and taste…
the branching tips of dendrites... sensetive to many types of st…
the area monitored by a single receptor cell
arriving information at the CNS
primary sensory cortex
free nerve endings
the branching tips of dendrites... sensetive to many types of st…
receptive field
the area monitored by a single receptor cell
158 terms
Anatomy & Physiology General/Special Senses
Stimuli
Sensation
Receptive Field
Smaller
Sensory information
Our conscious awareness to stimuli
The entire area through which the sensitive ends of receptor…
The _______________ the receptive field, the more sensitive a…
Stimuli
Sensory information
Sensation
Our conscious awareness to stimuli
THE SPECIAL SENSES / Human Anatomy & Physiology
myringo, tympano
ophthalmo, opto
irido
blepharo
combining form meaning eardrum
combining form meaning eye, vision
combining form meaning iris of the eye
combining form meaning eyelid
myringo, tympano
combining form meaning eardrum
ophthalmo, opto
combining form meaning eye, vision
43 terms
Special Senses anatomy and physiology patrick
Five Special Senses:
Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
Taste = gustation
Basic Tastes
* smell, taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium... * sensed by speci…
- sensed by chemorecetors which respond to chemicals in solut…
*taste buds located primarily on papillae of tongue... **Compose…
Sweet mostly at front of tongue... Sour on sides of tongue... Bitte…
Five Special Senses:
* smell, taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium... * sensed by speci…
Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
- sensed by chemorecetors which respond to chemicals in solut…
44 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Special Senses
Special Senses
Sensory Receptors
Sense Organs
Five types of Receptors
Taste, Smell, Sight, Hearing and Balance
Localized (head region); not free endings of sensory neurons
Receive information from the environment, send it to the brai…
Chemoreceptors, Nociceptors, Thermoreceptors, Mechanoreceptor…
Special Senses
Taste, Smell, Sight, Hearing and Balance
Sensory Receptors
Localized (head region); not free endings of sensory neurons
76 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8: Special Senses
Accommodation
Pupillary Reflex
Aqueous Humor
Auricle or Pinna
Adjustment of the eye for seeing objects at a close range
when the pupils constrict to see closer objects
a clear, watery fluid that fills the space between the cornea…
external ear (what we see)
Accommodation
Adjustment of the eye for seeing objects at a close range
Pupillary Reflex
when the pupils constrict to see closer objects
95 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 15: Special Senses
auricle (pinna)
auditory tube (eustachian tube)
cochlea
semicircular canals
#1
#9
#8
#6
auricle (pinna)
#1
auditory tube (eustachian tube)
#9
30 terms
Avian Anatomy and Physiology- Special Senses
What are the special senses?
T/F The avian eye is considered to be…
What are the parts of the avian eye?
Dioptric media:
Vision, Hearing, Smell (Olfaction), Taste
True
three tunics and dioptric media
the lens and the gel like substance of the eye.
What are the special senses?
Vision, Hearing, Smell (Olfaction), Taste
T/F The avian eye is considered to be…
True
135 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Chp 17: Special Senses
Is smell a chemical sense?
Describe the smell receptors
What are the supporting cells of smell?
Columnar epithelium
Yes
-olfactory receptors with cilia in the olfactory epithelium o…
1. columnar epithelium... 2. olfactory glands... 3. Basal cells
support, nourishment, insulation, detoxification
Is smell a chemical sense?
Yes
Describe the smell receptors
-olfactory receptors with cilia in the olfactory epithelium o…
102 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Special Senses Test
Smell, taste, sight, and hearing are c…
The _____ glands release tears.
This part of the eye is also known as…
A delicate membrane that lines the eye…
special
lacrimal
sclera
conjunctiva
Smell, taste, sight, and hearing are c…
special
The _____ glands release tears.
lacrimal
H Anatomy & Physiology: Special Senses
Orbit
Tarsal Glands
Conjunctiva
Conjunctivitis
bony structure around eyeball.
glands at the edge of the eyeball that produce oil to lubrica…
membrane that lines the eyelids which connects to the outer s…
inflammation of the conjunctiva producing redness.
Orbit
bony structure around eyeball.
Tarsal Glands
glands at the edge of the eyeball that produce oil to lubrica…
102 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Special Senses Test
Smell, taste, sight, and hearing are c…
The _____ glands release tears.
This part of the eye is also known as…
A delicate membrane that lines the eye…
special
lacrimal
sclera
conjunctiva
Smell, taste, sight, and hearing are c…
special
The _____ glands release tears.
lacrimal
34 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Special Senses: Ocular
vitreous humor
macular region
fovea region
ciliary body
holds shape of eye/gives support
highest concentration of rods & cones
divot with only cone cells, only detail vision
stretches lens or allows lens to ball up
vitreous humor
holds shape of eye/gives support
macular region
highest concentration of rods & cones
anatomy and physiology special senses review
1. The function of the ____________ tu…
2. The externally visible fleshy part…
3. The ______________ contains recepto…
4. The _________________communicates s…
auditory
pinna
3. ORGAN OF CORTI
4. TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
1. The function of the ____________ tu…
auditory
2. The externally visible fleshy part…
pinna
Anatomy & Physiology I: Special Senses
Accessory Organs
What are the Accessory Organs?
Lacrimal Apparatus
Eyelids
aid in function.
1. Lacrimal Apparatus... 2.Eyelids... 3. Extrinsic eye muscle
Tears (lubricate + cleanse eye)... *Antibacterial enzyme... *Two te…
protects.
Accessory Organs
aid in function.
What are the Accessory Organs?
1. Lacrimal Apparatus... 2.Eyelids... 3. Extrinsic eye muscle
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Special Senses Vocabulary
Canthus
Aqueous Humor
Retina
Optic Disc
Either corner of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet
A watery fluid secreted on tthe epithelium of the inner surfa…
Contains several visceral receptor cells
Where nerve fibers from the retina leave the eye and join the…
Canthus
Either corner of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet
Aqueous Humor
A watery fluid secreted on tthe epithelium of the inner surfa…
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Special Senses
Somatic Senses
Special Senses
Sensory Receptors
(Types of Receptors) Chemoreceptors
Touch, Temperature, Pressure, and Pain
Taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium
detect environmental changes and trigger nerve impulses
Chemicals-taste/smell
Somatic Senses
Touch, Temperature, Pressure, and Pain
Special Senses
Taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium
52 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Special Senses
Somatic sense
Special Sense
Sensory receptors
Eyelid
Touch, temp, pressure, pain.
Smell, taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium
Detect environmental changes and trigger nerve impulses
Covers, moistens, cleans and protects the eye
Somatic sense
Touch, temp, pressure, pain.
Special Sense
Smell, taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium
5 terms
Anatomy Special Senses- Physiology of Vision
refraction
greater bulge
flatter lens
Accommodation
the light waves; more pointed eye=more refraction... -most occur…
more refracted the light waves will be
less refracted the light waves will be
process of focusing an image on retina by changing shape of l…
refraction
the light waves; more pointed eye=more refraction... -most occur…
greater bulge
more refracted the light waves will be
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology General and Special Sense
conjunctiva
lacrimal gland
sclera
cornea
thin mucous layer that covers the interior surface of the eye…
produces and drains tears
white part of the eyeball
clear, refractory part of the eye
conjunctiva
thin mucous layer that covers the interior surface of the eye…
lacrimal gland
produces and drains tears
38 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Brain and Special Senses
Meninges
Layers of the Meninges
Dura mater
Subdural
- membranes that surround the spinal cord and brain... - lie bet…
- dura... - subdural... - arachnoid... - subarachnoid... - pia
- outermost layer (most superficial)... - contains many BLOOD VE…
Space between the rural and arachnoid mater
Meninges
- membranes that surround the spinal cord and brain... - lie bet…
Layers of the Meninges
- dura... - subdural... - arachnoid... - subarachnoid... - pia
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