Study sets matching "physiology and anatomy skeletal system chapter 2"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "physiology and anatomy skeletal system chapter 2"

24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Skeletal System; Anatomy and Physiology
femur
head of femur
fovea capitus... small hole in head
neck of femur
femur
head of femur
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
Skeletal system
5 functions of the bone:
Compositions of Bones
Periosteum
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
bone cells or osteocytes, blood vessels, connective tissues,…
covers and protects the bone and provide bone nourishment, de…
Skeletal system
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
5 functions of the bone:
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System 2
humerus head
anatomical neck
surgical neck
greater tubercle
humerus head
anatomical neck
119 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
MOD E Chapter 2 Anatomy and Physiology of the Skeletal system
How many bones are within the human bo…
Define Cartilage
What are the 5 major functions of the…
What is a joint?
206 (typical human body)
a nonvascular connective tissue that bends but does not break.
Support, Protection, Movement, Mineral storage, Blood formati…
A point where bones meet that is slightly movable or sometime…
How many bones are within the human bo…
206 (typical human body)
Define Cartilage
a nonvascular connective tissue that bends but does not break.
112 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2 (Skeletal System)
What are the six functions of bone?
__________ is a bone structure that co…
Compact Bone is composed of repeating…
Compact bone is highly ___________.
1. Support ... 2. Protection... 3. Assistance in Movement... 4. Minera…
Compact Bone
Osteons or Haversian Systems
vascularized
What are the six functions of bone?
1. Support ... 2. Protection... 3. Assistance in Movement... 4. Minera…
__________ is a bone structure that co…
Compact Bone
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Tuberosity
Crest
Trochanter
Line
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process (the only examp…
Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
Tuberosity
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Sphenoid bone
Forehead
Top sides of skull
Back of skull
Lower sides of skull, more anterior
Frontal bone
Forehead
Parietal bone
Top sides of skull
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts
206
Make new bone and help repair damage.
Carry nutrient and waste products.
Break down bone and help to sculpt/shape it.
How many bones does an adult have?
Osteoblasts
Make new bone and help repair damage.
Osteocytes
Carry nutrient and waste products.
1,653 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
functions of skeletal system
type of CT found in periosteum
osteoblasts function
collagen fibers allow bone to maintain
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
dense CT
secrete collagen fibers and other organic components to initi…
flexibility and tensile strength
functions of skeletal system
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
type of CT found in periosteum
dense CT
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Sphenoid bone
Forehead
Top sides of skull
Back of skull
Lower sides of skull, more anterior
Frontal bone
Forehead
Parietal bone
Top sides of skull
Chapter 5- The Skeletal System (anatomy and physiology)
Functions of the Skeletal System
Four basic types of bones
Diaphysis
Medullary Cavity
1) Support 3) Attachment sites for skeletal muscles... 2) Protec…
1) Long Bones (thigh bone) 2) Short Bones (wrist bones) 3) Fl…
The shaft of the bone-Hollow tube made of hard, compact bone,…
The hollow area inside the diaphysis of a bone; contains soft…
Functions of the Skeletal System
1) Support 3) Attachment sites for skeletal muscles... 2) Protec…
Four basic types of bones
1) Long Bones (thigh bone) 2) Short Bones (wrist bones) 3) Fl…
58 terms
Skeletal System-Anatomy and Physiology
Lacrimal
Nasal
Vomer
Maxilla
For part of the medial orbit wall
Construct the bridge of the nose
Part of the nasal septum
Keystone bones of the face; form the upper jaw and parts of t…
Lacrimal
For part of the medial orbit wall
Nasal
Construct the bridge of the nose
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System 2
Joints
Classification
Fibrous Joints
Sydesmosis (Fibrous Joint)
Articulations -- Functional junctions between bones... Bind part…
Type of tissue that binds bones at each junction; Degree of m…
Dense connective tissue holds bones together... 3 Types: Sydesmo…
Bones connected by ligament... Slight movement... Ex: Distal ends o…
Joints
Articulations -- Functional junctions between bones... Bind part…
Classification
Type of tissue that binds bones at each junction; Degree of m…
89 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2: Skeletal System
functions of the skeletal system
cartilage
cartilage functions
tendons
1. support and shape bones ... 2. protect internal organs ... 3. le…
somewhat rigid, more flexible
1. model for bone growth ... 2. smooth joint surfaces ... 3. support
attach muscle to bone
functions of the skeletal system
1. support and shape bones ... 2. protect internal organs ... 3. le…
cartilage
somewhat rigid, more flexible
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Functions of Skeletal System
Diaphsis
Epiphysis
Metaphyses
Support- framework and attachment for body and muscles... Protec…
shaft
distal end
Between diaphsis and epiphysis. Contains epiphyseal plate for…
Functions of Skeletal System
Support- framework and attachment for body and muscles... Protec…
Diaphsis
shaft
18 terms
Skeletal System - Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Long Bones
206 bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons joined to make a…
Bones of the appendages (126)
Bones of head and trunk (80)
Structure: elongated, dense and contains yellow/red bone marr…
Skeletal System
206 bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons joined to make a…
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the appendages (126)
186 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
Forehead
Lower Jaw
Upper Jaw
Cheek Bone
Frontal Bone
Mandible
Maxilla
Zygomatic
Forehead
Frontal Bone
Lower Jaw
Mandible
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
What are the 3 components of the skele…
Skeletal System Functions
What type of cartilage is most associa…
Chondroblasts
-bones... -ligaments... -cartilage
1. Support... -framework (bears weight of body)... -cartilage gives…
Hyaline ... -most bones develop from it... -important in growth and…
make cartilage
What are the 3 components of the skele…
-bones... -ligaments... -cartilage
Skeletal System Functions
1. Support... -framework (bears weight of body)... -cartilage gives…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
compact bone
spongy bone
bone matrix
How would bone function without suffic…
structure: appears solid and forms the inner and outer layers…
structure: appears spongy with spaces and is found in the cen…
type I collagen (90%) - for tensile strength... ground substanc…
decreased bone density
compact bone
structure: appears solid and forms the inner and outer layers…
spongy bone
structure: appears spongy with spaces and is found in the cen…
Anatomy & Physiology, Lesson 2. Vocab- The Skeletal System
Skeletal system
Skull
Rib Cage
Lipids
The bony supportive structure within the human body.
The group of bones that make up your head.
The bones to protect your heart and lungs.
Fats that are stored in your bones, as well as elsewhere in y…
Skeletal system
The bony supportive structure within the human body.
Skull
The group of bones that make up your head.
34 terms
Apologia Anatomy & Physiology: Lesson 2 - Skeletal System
Yellow Bone Marrow
Calcium
Red Bone Marrow
Cartilage
This is the kind of bone marrow that consists primarily of ce…
A mineral stored in your bones that helps keep your heart bea…
This is the kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made.
A firm but resilient material in the body and on the ends of…
Yellow Bone Marrow
This is the kind of bone marrow that consists primarily of ce…
Calcium
A mineral stored in your bones that helps keep your heart bea…
46 terms
Anatomy/Physiology-Skeletal System
15,16
Cancellous
Parathormone & Calcitonin
Fontanelle
Longitudinal growth of bones occur until __ for girls and __…
Type of bone tissue that is associated w/ hematopoiesis.
Two hormones that control the calcium concentration in our bo…
Soft spot on the baby's skull.
15,16
Longitudinal growth of bones occur until __ for girls and __…
Cancellous
Type of bone tissue that is associated w/ hematopoiesis.
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Bone
Functions of Bone
Bone Types
Cancellous Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
Cancellous Bone... Compact Bone
Light and spongy... lighter, less strong bone that is found in t…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Functions of Bone
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Skeletal System
Identify the 2 subdivisions of the ske…
Which skeleton is the "protective skel…
4 parts of the skeleton system
List the 5 functions of the skeletal s…
1. axial skeleton... 2. appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
1. bones... 2. joints... 3. ligaments... 4. cartilages
1. support... 2. protect... 3. movement... 4. store minerals and fats…
Identify the 2 subdivisions of the ske…
1. axial skeleton... 2. appendicular skeleton
Which skeleton is the "protective skel…
axial skeleton
Skeletal System (Anatomy & Physiology)
cranial bones
mandible
zygomatic
sutures
frontal, occipital, sphenoid, parietal (2), ethmoid, temporal…
lower jaw (jaw bone), bearing teeth ... location: lower part of…
cheekbone/malar bone that articulates the maxilla, temporal,…
fibrous joint between flat bones... location: skull
cranial bones
frontal, occipital, sphenoid, parietal (2), ethmoid, temporal…
mandible
lower jaw (jaw bone), bearing teeth ... location: lower part of…
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 5: Skeletal System
clavicle (collarbone)
axis bone
odontoid
manubrium
clavicle (collarbone)
axis bone
105 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Acetabulum
Appendicular Skeleton
Articular Cartilage
Articulation
The deep socket in the hip bone that articulates with the hea…
The portion of the skeleton that consists of the shoulder and…
The cartilage on the joint surfaces of a bone; provides a smo…
A joint
Acetabulum
The deep socket in the hip bone that articulates with the hea…
Appendicular Skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that consists of the shoulder and…
34 terms
Apologia Anatomy & Physiology Lesson 2: Skeletal System
Yellow Bone Marrow
Calcium
Red Bone Marrow
Cartilage
This is the kind of bone marrow that consists primarily of ce…
A mineral stored in your bones that helps keep your heart bea…
This is the kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made.
A firm but resilient material in the body and on the ends of…
Yellow Bone Marrow
This is the kind of bone marrow that consists primarily of ce…
Calcium
A mineral stored in your bones that helps keep your heart bea…
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7 Skeletal System
Fontanel
Long Bones
Process
Foramen
Unossified area in an infant's skull
Bones which are longer than they are wide, used to support we…
Projection on a bone.
Opening through a bone, passageway for blood vessels, nerves…
Fontanel
Unossified area in an infant's skull
Long Bones
Bones which are longer than they are wide, used to support we…
148 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7 (skeletal system)
Alive and multifunctional
Attachment
Protect and support.
Ribs, skull, pelvis
Bones are ______ and ___________.
Bones provide points of __________ for muscles.
Bones _______ and ______ softer tissues.
Which sets of bones protect and support softer tissues?
Alive and multifunctional
Bones are ______ and ___________.
Attachment
Bones provide points of __________ for muscles.
24 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
functions of skeletal system
type of CT found in periosteum
osteoblasts function
collagen fibers allow bone to maintain
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
dense CT
secrete collagen fibers and other organic components to initi…
flexibility and tensile strength
functions of skeletal system
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
type of CT found in periosteum
dense CT
102 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System (Chapter 6)
Skeleton
Skeletal System
Bone Markings
Long Bones
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
Surface features of bones that can determine the size, age, s…
Long and slender bones. They have three parts the epiphysis (…
Skeleton
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Skeletal System
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
59 terms
Anatomy&Physiology - The Skeletal System
Cartilage
Chondroblasts
Extracellular matrix
Perichondrium
• In adults, remains in areas where flexibility is needed for…
Actively mitotic cells that produce new matrix as bodies are…
Formed by chondroblasts
• A tough layer of connective tissue that surrounds the carti…
Cartilage
• In adults, remains in areas where flexibility is needed for…
Chondroblasts
Actively mitotic cells that produce new matrix as bodies are…
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Skeletal System
4 functions of the skeletal system
Axial bones
Appendicular bones
How many vertebrae in Cervical,Thoraci…
protection,support, calcium, blood cell production
80, protection
126,connecting
7,12,5
4 functions of the skeletal system
protection,support, calcium, blood cell production
Axial bones
80, protection
119 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7 (skeletal system)
Alive and multifunctional
Attachment
Protect and support.
Ribs, skull, pelvis
Bones are ______ and ___________.
Bones provide points of __________ for muscles.
Bones _______ and ______ softer tissues.
Which sets of bones protect and support softer tissues?
Alive and multifunctional
Bones are ______ and ___________.
Attachment
Bones provide points of __________ for muscles.
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Main functions of the skeleton
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Epicondyle
Head
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
Rounded knob of bone
Smaller knob above condyle
Large knob of bone that creates a joint prximally
Main functions of the skeleton
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Rounded knob of bone
67 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 - Skeletal System
long bones
short bones
flat bones
irregular bones
A type of bone that is longer than it is wide. Shaft is calle…
Cubed-shaped. Nearly in length and width. Texture is spongy e…
These bones are thin, flat, and curved. They form the ribs, b…
Do not fit into any of the other bone categories, made up of…
long bones
A type of bone that is longer than it is wide. Shaft is calle…
short bones
Cubed-shaped. Nearly in length and width. Texture is spongy e…
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System Chapter
Is the scapula part of the axial skele…
What is each long bone (distal and pro…
What are the functions of the the Skel…
What type of bones has two layers of c…
The scapula is part of the appendicular skeleton (connects to…
Mainly composed of Spongy Bone Tissue.
Red Blood Cell Formation, Support and Structure, Protection o…
Flat bones.
Is the scapula part of the axial skele…
The scapula is part of the appendicular skeleton (connects to…
What is each long bone (distal and pro…
Mainly composed of Spongy Bone Tissue.
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 5: The Skeletal System (Axial)
periosteum
flat bones
occipital
ramus
a dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (excep…
thin, flattened, and usually curved, two thin layers of compa…
back of head; most posterior of the cranial bones
the posterior part of the mandible that is more or less verti…
periosteum
a dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (excep…
flat bones
thin, flattened, and usually curved, two thin layers of compa…
63 terms
Anatomy/Physiology of the Bone and Skeletal System
hyaline
perichondrium
hyaline
elastic
most abundant skeletal cartilage
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
this skeleton looks like frosted glass, and is flexible`
this skeletal cartilage has more elastic fibers that support…
hyaline
most abundant skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
63 terms
Anatomy/Physiology of the Bone and Skeletal System
hyaline
perichondrium
hyaline
elastic
most abundant skeletal cartilage
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
this skeleton looks like frosted glass, and is flexible`
this skeletal cartilage has more elastic fibers that support…
hyaline
most abundant skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
1 of 10