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Study sets matching "physiology biology human anatomy cells"

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Study sets matching "physiology biology human anatomy cells"

61 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Cells
Cytosol
Inclusions
Organelles
Mitochondria
Cellular fluid - material between plasma membrane & nucleus
Chemical Substances (stored nutrients) - glycogen in live and…
Metabolic machinerys of cell
Power plant, ATP supply/ outer & inner membrane (cristae), ma…
Cytosol
Cellular fluid - material between plasma membrane & nucleus
Inclusions
Chemical Substances (stored nutrients) - glycogen in live and…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
16 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy/Physiology
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
Describe the path and the changes that…
What is the function of the placenta?
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
epididymis
the zygote divides, as it moves along the oviduct also known…
provides nutrients and oxygen to the embryo and gets rid of m…
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
epididymis
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
75 terms
human anatomy and physiology: the cell
cell
Anton Leeuwenhook
Robert hooke
cell theory
the basic unit of structure and life
known for making the microscope ... first to observe unicellular…
named the 'cell'
a cell is the basic unit of structure and life ... all cells com…
cell
the basic unit of structure and life
Anton Leeuwenhook
known for making the microscope ... first to observe unicellular…
35 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology- Cells
The Cell theory tells us
The two major types of cells living in…
Prokaryotes
eukaryotes
The cell is the basic unit of life... All living things are made…
Prokaryotic, and Eukaryotic
First cell to evolve... LACKS A NUCLEUS... REPRESENTED BY BACTERIA…
Has a nucleus w/ DNA... Many membrane-ound organelles
The Cell theory tells us
The cell is the basic unit of life... All living things are made…
The two major types of cells living in…
Prokaryotic, and Eukaryotic
58 terms
Chapter 03 Human Anatomy & Physiology (Marieb) Cell biology review
Cell theory
Generalized or composite cell
Plasma membrane or cell membrane
Fluid mosaic model
1) The cell is the smallest structural and functional living…
All cells have the same basic parts and some common functions…
The outer membrane surrounding the cell.
The currently accepted model of plasma (cell) membrane struct…
Cell theory
1) The cell is the smallest structural and functional living…
Generalized or composite cell
All cells have the same basic parts and some common functions…
15 terms
human anatomy: cell physiology
moves into the sac
moves out of the sac
does not move
moves into the sac
glucose
water
albumin
NaCl
moves into the sac
glucose
moves out of the sac
water
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
72 terms
human anatomy and physiology: the cell
cell
Anton van Leeuwenhook
Robert Hooke
M. Seleidan, T. Sehwenn, and R. Virchow
the basic building block of life
saw the first cell
named the cell
created the cell theory
cell
the basic building block of life
Anton van Leeuwenhook
saw the first cell
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Biology
Replication
Cell Division
Template Strand
Complimentary Strand
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
The DNA strand that provides the template for ordering the se…
The DNA strand that is created by RNA transcript.
Replication
The process by which DNA makes a copy of itself, occurs in nu…
Cell Division
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cel…
118 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
epithelial
nervous tissue
muscle
connective
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
____ tissue: carries out movement
____ tissue: various function; includes adipose tissue, carti…
epithelial
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
nervous tissue
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
102 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anterior (ventral)
Posterior (dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
toward the front
toward the back
upward toward the head
downward toward the feet
Anterior (ventral)
toward the front
Posterior (dorsal)
toward the back
29 terms
Biology Human Anatomy and Physiology
Mouth
Small intestine
Liver
Alveoli
where digestion begins
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
organ that makes bile to break down fats; also filters poison…
Tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gase…
Mouth
where digestion begins
Small intestine
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
63 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Cells Review
Another name for a composite cell:
Major parts of the composite cell:
Plasma Membrane's Function:
Phospholipid bilayer: what forms the s…
a 'typical' cell
nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane
controls what moves in and out of the cell (selectively perme…
water-soluble "heads" (hydrophilic)
Another name for a composite cell:
a 'typical' cell
Major parts of the composite cell:
nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane
66 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell Biology
cytoplasm, nucleus, plasma membrane
cytosol and organelles
houses the cell's DNA
chromosome
three main parts of a cell
two components of cytoplasm
function of nucleus
single molecule of DNA associated with several proteins and c…
cytoplasm, nucleus, plasma membrane
three main parts of a cell
cytosol and organelles
two components of cytoplasm
BIOLOGY HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross or macroscopic anatomy
Regional anatomy
scientific discipline that investigates the body's structures…
scientific investigation of the processes or functions of liv…
structures examined without a microscope
studies all structures in a particular area of the body
Anatomy
scientific discipline that investigates the body's structures…
Physiology
scientific investigation of the processes or functions of liv…
13 terms
Human Biology- Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cells
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
tiny building blocks of matter which combine to form molecule…
the smallest units of all living things
Anatomy
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
42 terms
Biology - human anatomy and physiology
Positive feedback
Negative feedback
Superior (cephalon or cranial)
Inferior
Strengthen or reinforce a change in one of the bodys controll…
Reverses the change in a cintrolled condition
Toward the head, or upper part of the structure
Away from the head, or the lower part of a structure
Positive feedback
Strengthen or reinforce a change in one of the bodys controll…
Negative feedback
Reverses the change in a cintrolled condition
15 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Cells Unit
Nucleus
Lysosomes
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Vesicle
A membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditar…
A small, round cell structure containing chemicals that break…
An endomembrane system where lipids are synthesized, calcium…
Small membrane-bound sac that functions in moving products in…
Nucleus
A membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditar…
Lysosomes
A small, round cell structure containing chemicals that break…
92 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
the tissue that line the interior and…
connective tussle include fat cells, _…
the brain, ____ , and nerves are made…
voluntary and involuntary movements ar…
epithelial
bone
spinal cord
muscle
the tissue that line the interior and…
epithelial
connective tussle include fat cells, _…
bone
88 terms
Biology "Human Anatomy and Physiology"
anatomy
physiology
histology
tissues
the study of shape and structure of an organism and its parts
the study of the function of an organism and its parts
the study of tissues
groups of cells that work together to perform a similar funct…
anatomy
the study of shape and structure of an organism and its parts
physiology
the study of the function of an organism and its parts
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cell Biology
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Where chromosomes (made of DNA) are stored
Where proteins are made in a cell and are throughout the cyto…
A system of membranes that extends throughout much of the cyt…
A stack of membranous sacs in which various molecules are man…
Nucleus
Where chromosomes (made of DNA) are stored
Ribosomes
Where proteins are made in a cell and are throughout the cyto…
71 terms
Biology-Human Anatomy and Physiology
Tissues
Epithelial
What is the function of the skeletal s…
Osteoblasts
-group of cells performing a common function... -study of tissue…
-functions as a covering of either the inside or outside of t…
-protection, movement (along with muscles), mineral storage (…
cells responsible for making bone
Tissues
-group of cells performing a common function... -study of tissue…
Epithelial
-functions as a covering of either the inside or outside of t…
31 terms
human biology anatomy and physiology
gross anatomy
microscopic anatomy
physiology
histology
study of organisms that deal with organs and tissues visible…
study of the structure of cells tissues and organs of the bod…
the study of the normal function of cell, tissues, organs, sy…
study of tissues
gross anatomy
study of organisms that deal with organs and tissues visible…
microscopic anatomy
study of the structure of cells tissues and organs of the bod…
64 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: Cells
Cells
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
The building blocks of all living things
Control center of cell, contains DNA, necessary for cell repr…
Encloses the jelly-like fluid nucleoplasm in which other nucl…
One or more may be present in the nucleus, site of ribosome a…
Cells
The building blocks of all living things
Nucleus
Control center of cell, contains DNA, necessary for cell repr…
18 terms
anatomy and physiology-- cell biology
Cell Membrane
Microvilli
Nuclear Membrane
nucleolus
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
Tiny hair-like projections of the cytoplasmic membrane locate…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
The organelle where ribosomes are made, synthesized and parti…
Cell Membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters a…
Microvilli
Tiny hair-like projections of the cytoplasmic membrane locate…
20 terms
anatomy & physiology - cell biology
Determine the sequence of the followin…
Receptor-mediated endocytosis
The plasma membrane
The sacs containing hydrolytic enzymes…
the chemical signal combined with a cytoplasmic receptor, an…
exhibits specificity.
regulates movement of materials into and out of the cell.
lysosomes.
Determine the sequence of the followin…
the chemical signal combined with a cytoplasmic receptor, an…
Receptor-mediated endocytosis
exhibits specificity.
11 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Cells and Tissues
Name all type of tissue
Location of Epithelial Tissue
Function of Epithelial Tissue
Description of Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous
Covers the body, body lining, and glandular tissue
Protection, absorbtion, filtration, and secretion
Cells fit closely together and form sheets. Avascular. Regene…
Name all type of tissue
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous
Location of Epithelial Tissue
Covers the body, body lining, and glandular tissue
23 terms
Anatomy- Muscle Cell Biology and Physiology
General Structure (Histology) of Stria…
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Tendons
- Red Hued (high % of myoglobin)... - Visible Striations (in…
Skull, ribcage, vertebral column. ... -Trunk and head.
Everything outside of the Axial skeleton- appendages and pelv…
Tough, non-elastic tissues that bind MUSCLE to bone or *MUS…
General Structure (Histology) of Stria…
- Red Hued (high % of myoglobin)... - Visible Striations (in…
Axial Skeleton
Skull, ribcage, vertebral column. ... -Trunk and head.
64 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: Cells
Cells
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
The building blocks of all living things
Control center of cell, contains DNA, necessary for cell repr…
Encloses the jelly-like fluid nucleoplasm in which other nucl…
One or more may be present in the nucleus, site of ribosome a…
Cells
The building blocks of all living things
Nucleus
Control center of cell, contains DNA, necessary for cell repr…
45 terms
Biology: human anatomy and cells
Human physiology
Human anatomy
What are the different levels of organ…
1)What's The chemical level
"How it works"-science of body functions
"What it is"-study of body structures
(6)The chemical level, the cell, tissues, organs, an organ sy…
Atoms, inorganic/organic molecules
Human physiology
"How it works"-science of body functions
Human anatomy
"What it is"-study of body structures
15 terms
Human anatomy and Physiology Blood cells
What are the three types of blood cells?
What type of cells are blood cells?
Where do blood cells originate, and wh…
What blood cells have a nucleus?
Thrombocytes, leukocytes, and erythrocytes
Animal cells
They come from bone marrow, the largest producer is the femur
White blood cells
What are the three types of blood cells?
Thrombocytes, leukocytes, and erythrocytes
What type of cells are blood cells?
Animal cells
39 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Notes: Cells
Types of Cells:
In human anatomy and physiology we are…
Large cells =
Small cells =
Cells... Prokaryote & Eukaryote... Animal & Plant
Animal
Nerve cell
Bacteria
Types of Cells:
Cells... Prokaryote & Eukaryote... Animal & Plant
In human anatomy and physiology we are…
Animal
9 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Cell Unit
Epithelial Cells
Support Cells
Contractile Cells
Nerve Cells
make up skin and lining in blood vessels and gut; tightly bou…
found in support tissues, cartilage and bone; surrounded by m…
muscle cells that have specialized proteins (actin and myosin…
brain cells and nervous system cells; thin, branchy cells; re…
Epithelial Cells
make up skin and lining in blood vessels and gut; tightly bou…
Support Cells
found in support tissues, cartilage and bone; surrounded by m…
121 terms
Biology 355 Human Anatomy and Physiology
What is anatomy?
What are the six structural levels of…
What are the twelve body systems?
Define Homeostasis
Study of physical structure of organisms
Chemical Cell... Tissue Organ... Organ system Organism
Integumentary Respiratory... Muscular Lymphatic... Skeletal Digesti…
maintenance of a constant environment within the body... Most of…
What is anatomy?
Study of physical structure of organisms
What are the six structural levels of…
Chemical Cell... Tissue Organ... Organ system Organism
33 terms
Biology anatomy and physiology of a cell
What does the cell membrane do?
What does the cell wall do?
What does the cytoplasm do?
What is cytoplasm made of?
holds cell contents; separates cell from outside; controls pa…
outermost structure in plant cells; tough, rigid, surrounds c…
All cellular contents; material inside cell membrane, but out…
cytosol and cytoskeleton
What does the cell membrane do?
holds cell contents; separates cell from outside; controls pa…
What does the cell wall do?
outermost structure in plant cells; tough, rigid, surrounds c…
35 terms
Essentials of Human anatomy & physiology:cells
cells
Ribosomes
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
structural units of living things
-site of protein synthesis
Attracts water molecules
"water fearing"
cells
structural units of living things
Ribosomes
-site of protein synthesis
15 terms
Human anatomy and physiology cell test
Vesicle
Lysosome
Gold G apparatus
Nuclear envelope
Move proteins, lipid, and carbohydrate particles through the…
Site of digestion and storage of digestive enzymes
The packaging plant, the packaging of proteins, lipids, and c…
Phospho lipid bilayer or that surrounds the nucleus
Vesicle
Move proteins, lipid, and carbohydrate particles through the…
Lysosome
Site of digestion and storage of digestive enzymes
82 terms
Biology anatomy and physiology of a cell
Cell
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
The smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of of l…
All living things are composed of one or more cells. Cells ar…
The cell's outer boundary.
The region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
Cell
The smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of of l…
Cell Theory
All living things are composed of one or more cells. Cells ar…
43 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology - L2 The Human Cell
protoplasm
cytoplasm
water
phospholipid
细胞质. refers to every structure that makes up a cell: the cell…
consists of everything in the cell that is not the cell membr…
most cells are mainly water. About 60% of an adult's total bo…
The cell membrane is made up of phospholipid磷脂. Both exterior…
protoplasm
细胞质. refers to every structure that makes up a cell: the cell…
cytoplasm
consists of everything in the cell that is not the cell membr…
8 terms
biology 9h - human anatomy and physiology
epithelial tissue (function)
epithelial tissue (location)
connective tissue (function)
connective tissue (location)
protection; absorption; excretion
skin; all linings in digestive system
binding of epithelial tissue to structures; support
under skin; surrounding organs; blood; bones
epithelial tissue (function)
protection; absorption; excretion
epithelial tissue (location)
skin; all linings in digestive system
65 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Cell and Tissue Development
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
The building blocks of all living things
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Control center of cell, contains DNA, necessary for cell repr…
Encloses the jelly-like fluid nucleoplasm in which other nucl…
Cells
The building blocks of all living things
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology (10th Edition by Elaine N. Marieb), Cells
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
The building blocks of all living things
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Control center of cell, contains DNA, necessary for cell repr…
Encloses the jelly-like fluid nucleoplasm in which other nucl…
Cells
The building blocks of all living things
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
68 terms
PCAT Biology - Human Anatomy and Physiology
Types of tissues
Types of epithelial tissues
Cuboidal
Columnar
Epithelial, Nervous, Muscle and Connective
Cuboidal, Columnar, Squamous
square cells
cells taller than they are wide
Types of tissues
Epithelial, Nervous, Muscle and Connective
Types of epithelial tissues
Cuboidal, Columnar, Squamous
86 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Ch. #3 (Cells)
plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
three parts of a cell
mitochondria
lipid Bi-layer of Phospholipids, protein molecules, and chole…
A semi-fluid matrix within the cell that supports nucleus and…
Nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane are what?
organelle responsible for protein storage, and ATP generation…
plasma membrane
lipid Bi-layer of Phospholipids, protein molecules, and chole…
Cytoplasm
A semi-fluid matrix within the cell that supports nucleus and…
65 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: Cells
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
The building blocks of all living things
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Control center of cell, contains DNA, necessary for cell repr…
Encloses the jelly-like fluid nucleoplasm in which other nucl…
Cells
The building blocks of all living things
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
54 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology/Reproduction
Zygote
Mitosis
Specialization/Differentiation
Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Intestines
single diploid cell that results from the fusion of gametes i…
Cell division
Process in which cells develop a specific shape and function
What are the 4 parts of the digestive system?
Zygote
single diploid cell that results from the fusion of gametes i…
Mitosis
Cell division
12 terms
Cell Structure: Human Anatomy and Physiology 1
Mitochondria
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Free Ribosomes
Generally rod-shaped bodies with a double-membrane wall; inne…
Has no function in protein synthesis, it's the site of steroi…
Studded with ribosomes; tubules provide an area of storage an…
Tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA protein; floating free…
Mitochondria
Generally rod-shaped bodies with a double-membrane wall; inne…
Smooth ER
Has no function in protein synthesis, it's the site of steroi…
86 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Ch. #3 (Cells)
plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
three parts of a cell
mitochondria
lipid Bi-layer of Phospholipids, protein molecules, and chole…
A semi-fluid matrix within the cell that supports nucleus and…
Nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane are what?
organelle responsible for protein storage, and ATP generation…
plasma membrane
lipid Bi-layer of Phospholipids, protein molecules, and chole…
Cytoplasm
A semi-fluid matrix within the cell that supports nucleus and…
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