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Study sets matching "physiology ch21"

76 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 21 (f)
Ascending aorta
Arch of the aorta
Basilar artery
Brachiocephalic trunk
Name this artery.
Ascending aorta
Arch of the aorta
89 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 21 (h)
Ascending aorta
Aortic Arch
Brachiocephalic trunk
Cerebral Arterial Circle
Name this artery.
Ascending aorta
Aortic Arch
474 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 21
hemodynamics
arteries
medium-sized, muscular arteries... small…
capillaries
study of the forces involved in circulating blood throughout…
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
large elastic arteries divide into ___________, which divide…
as arterioles branch into various tissues they become _______…
hemodynamics
study of the forces involved in circulating blood throughout…
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
physiology chapter 21
gastrointestinal system
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract)
chyme
salivary glands
the digestive system is also referred to as what?
consists of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and larg…
a soupy substance produced by digestion in the digestive tract
secretion of saliva by the sublingual glands under the tongue…
gastrointestinal system
the digestive system is also referred to as what?
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract)
consists of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and larg…
150 terms
Physiology - Chapter 21
Which of the following is not consider…
What is the first area that food conta…
What type of contraction pattern allow…
What are the symptoms associated with…
Acid-base balance
Duodenum
Segmental
Diarrhea and dizziness
Which of the following is not consider…
Acid-base balance
What is the first area that food conta…
Duodenum
120 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 21
The tunica intima contains
The tunica media contains
Commonly, the thickest layer in a smal…
The tunica external is the
An endothelial lining and a surrounding layer of connective t…
Concentric sheets of smooth muscle tissue in a framework of l…
Tunica media
Connective tissue sheath forming the outermost layer of vessels
The tunica intima contains
An endothelial lining and a surrounding layer of connective t…
The tunica media contains
Concentric sheets of smooth muscle tissue in a framework of l…
36 terms
Physiology Chapter 21
circular folds
tonic contractions
phasic contractions
peristatic contractions
increase surface area, allow food to slowly spiral down the d…
contractions that are constantly occurring to keep bolus movi…
contractions that are not constant, peristatic and segmentati…
type of phasic contraction that causes motility in the GI tract
circular folds
increase surface area, allow food to slowly spiral down the d…
tonic contractions
contractions that are constantly occurring to keep bolus movi…
120 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 21
The tunica intima contains
The tunica media contains
Commonly, the thickest layer in a smal…
The tunica external is the
An endothelial lining and a surrounding layer of connective t…
Concentric sheets of smooth muscle tissue in a framework of l…
Tunica media
Connective tissue sheath forming the outermost layer of vessels
The tunica intima contains
An endothelial lining and a surrounding layer of connective t…
The tunica media contains
Concentric sheets of smooth muscle tissue in a framework of l…
87 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 21 (d)
Arteries
Veins
Angiogenesis
Tunica Interna
Carry blood away from the heart to other organs
Blood vessels that convey blood from the tissues back to the…
Refers to the growth of new blood vessels
Forms the inner lining of a blood vessel and is in direct con…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart to other organs
Veins
Blood vessels that convey blood from the tissues back to the…
77 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 21 (c)
Arteries
Elastic Artery
Muscular Artery
Arterioles
Carry blood away from heart
"Conducting"... Large Vessels (i.e. pulmonary trunk and aorta)... E…
"Distribution"... Medium-sized... Most arteries
"Resistance" ... Smallest branches of arteries
Arteries
Carry blood away from heart
Elastic Artery
"Conducting"... Large Vessels (i.e. pulmonary trunk and aorta)... E…
83 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 21 (e)
Tunica Interna
Tunica Media
Tunica Externa
Elastic Arteries
Inner layer of blood vessel. Consists of simple epithelium (e…
Thick, middle layer, elastic tissue, smooth muscle (influence…
Outer loose connective tissue. Largest vessels contain nerves…
Largest artery, immediately receiving blood from the ventricl…
Tunica Interna
Inner layer of blood vessel. Consists of simple epithelium (e…
Tunica Media
Thick, middle layer, elastic tissue, smooth muscle (influence…
218 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 21 (a)
arteries, arterioles, capillaries, ven…
Arteries
Arterioles
Capillaries
There are 5 general classes of blood vessels:
these carry blood away from the heart.
these are the smallest branches of arteries.
these are the smallest blood vessels, where diffusion between…
arteries, arterioles, capillaries, ven…
There are 5 general classes of blood vessels:
Arteries
these carry blood away from the heart.
87 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 21(b)
Arteries
Veins
Angiogenesis
Tunica Interna
Carry blood away from the heart to other organs
Blood vessels that convey blood from the tissues back to the…
Refers to the growth of new blood vessels
Forms the inner lining of a blood vessel and is in direct con…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart to other organs
Veins
Blood vessels that convey blood from the tissues back to the…
147 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 21 (g)
Blood Vessels
Arteries
Arterioles
Capillaries
- Classified by size and histological organization... - Instrume…
- Carry blood AWAY from the heart... - Elasticity allows arterie…
- Smallest branches of arteries... - Have little or no tunica ex…
- Smallest blood vessels with thin walls... - Location of exchan…
Blood Vessels
- Classified by size and histological organization... - Instrume…
Arteries
- Carry blood AWAY from the heart... - Elasticity allows arterie…
69 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 21
Interdependent
Compartments
52%, 63%
Extracellular
Water balance and electrolyte balance are:
Body fluids occur in:
The body is ________ water(female) and ________(male).
37% of total water volume is ___________ with high Na, Cl, Ca…
Interdependent
Water balance and electrolyte balance are:
Compartments
Body fluids occur in:
234 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II Chapter 21
bacterial cells
immune system
lymphatic system
fluid recovery
body harbors 10,000 times as many as human cells, some are be…
not an organ system, but a cell population that inhabits all…
Network of organs and veinlike vessels that recover fluid • I…
Fluid continually filters from the blood capillaries into the…
bacterial cells
body harbors 10,000 times as many as human cells, some are be…
immune system
not an organ system, but a cell population that inhabits all…
19 terms
Physiology Chapter 21
The walls of the gastrointestinal trac…
Which of the following carbohydrates c…
Which of the following molecules is(ar…
Which of the following terms can be as…
esophagus and anus
glucose
glucose and amino acids
emulsification and amphipathic
The walls of the gastrointestinal trac…
esophagus and anus
Which of the following carbohydrates c…
glucose
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 21: Blood Vessels and Circulation
tunica intima
tunica media
tunica externa
vasoconstriction
innermost layer of the blood vessel... -includes endothelial lin…
the middle layer of the blood vessel that contains smooth mus…
the outermost layer of a blood vessel... -forms a sheath of conn…
when arterial smooth muscles contract, constricting the artery
tunica intima
innermost layer of the blood vessel... -includes endothelial lin…
tunica media
the middle layer of the blood vessel that contains smooth mus…
109 terms
Physiology Chapter 21
Insulin
What does insulin promote?
How is the secretion of insulin stimul…
During what state does insulin secreti…
Peptide hormone secreted by beta cells. Located in the pancre…
The synthesis of energy storage molecules and other processes…
Associated with feeding and absorption of nutrients into the…
The absorptive period
Insulin
Peptide hormone secreted by beta cells. Located in the pancre…
What does insulin promote?
The synthesis of energy storage molecules and other processes…
85 terms
physiology chapter 21
gastrointestinal system
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract)
chyme
salivary glands
the digestive system is also referred to as what?
consists of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and larg…
a soupy substance produced by digestion in the digestive tract
secretion of saliva by the sublingual glands under the tongue…
gastrointestinal system
the digestive system is also referred to as what?
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract)
consists of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and larg…
13 terms
Physiology - Chapter 21
Tonic Contractions
Phasic Contractions
Slow Wave Potentials
Migrating motor complex
Sustained for minutes or hours.
Contraction-relaxation cycles lasting only a few seconds
Cycles of smooth muscle contraction and relaxation associated…
"Housekeeping" function that sweeps food remnants and bacteri…
Tonic Contractions
Sustained for minutes or hours.
Phasic Contractions
Contraction-relaxation cycles lasting only a few seconds
63 terms
Physiology Chapter 21
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, sm…
Salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gall…
Digestion, Absorption, Secretion, Moti…
mouth
organs/parts of Digestive (Gastrointestinal) Tract
accessory organs of the digestive tract
four processes of digestive system
where digestion begins
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, sm…
organs/parts of Digestive (Gastrointestinal) Tract
Salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gall…
accessory organs of the digestive tract
Physiology Chapter 21
Systems Lymphatic and Immune
Functions of the lymphatic system
Immunity
Lipid absorption
Maintain fluid balance, Protect body from infection and disea…
Immunity, lipid absorption, fluid recovery
fluids from all capillary beds are filtered, immune cells sta…
Lacteals in small intestine absorb dietary lipids.
Systems Lymphatic and Immune
Maintain fluid balance, Protect body from infection and disea…
Functions of the lymphatic system
Immunity, lipid absorption, fluid recovery
57 terms
Physiology Chapter 21
Digestion
Absorption
Secretion
Motility
mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods
transfer of substances from GI tract to extracellular fluid
transfer of water/ions from ECF to GI tract; also release of…
movement of material through GI tract via smooth muscle contr…
Digestion
mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods
Absorption
transfer of substances from GI tract to extracellular fluid
45 terms
Physiology Chapter 21
Migrating Motor Complex
Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
Proteins
Blood draining from intestines flows d…
A pattern of slow contractions sweeping along the GI tract
Hormone that stimulates the release of insulin in response to…
Primarily digested by the stomach
Liver for filtering
Migrating Motor Complex
A pattern of slow contractions sweeping along the GI tract
Gastric Inhibitory Peptide
Hormone that stimulates the release of insulin in response to…
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 21
Uropygial (preen) gland
Beak
Claws
Feathers
A gland that is located at the upper base of the tail. Preeni…
A derivative of the skin that is the upper and lower mandible…
Horny sheath derived from specialized scales at the end of ea…
Outgrowths of skin that are made from protein. Functions incl…
Uropygial (preen) gland
A gland that is located at the upper base of the tail. Preeni…
Beak
A derivative of the skin that is the upper and lower mandible…
72 terms
Physiology Chapter 21
BMR
What is the most important hormone for…
what determines which path nutrients t…
3 paths for nutrients following intake?
(basal metabolic rate)- rate of energy expenditure of a perso…
Thyroxine
fast acting hormones
-catabolized for energy... -anabolism for synthesis of larger mo…
BMR
(basal metabolic rate)- rate of energy expenditure of a perso…
What is the most important hormone for…
Thyroxine
55 terms
Physiology chapter 21
Arteries
veins
Tunica interna
Tunica media
carry blood away from the heart
carry blood towards the heart
inner lining in direct contact with the blood. has an active…
composed of smooth muscle, regulates the diameter of the vess…
Arteries
carry blood away from the heart
veins
carry blood towards the heart
25 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 21 (b)
Blood flow from the heart and back.
Tunica interna
Tunica media
Tunica external
Large, elastic arteries-->muscular arteries-->arterioles-->ca…
Inner lining of a blood vessel composed of the endothelium an…
Middle layer of a blood vessel; a muscular and connective tis…
Outer covering of a blood vessel that consists of elastic and…
Blood flow from the heart and back.
Large, elastic arteries-->muscular arteries-->arterioles-->ca…
Tunica interna
Inner lining of a blood vessel composed of the endothelium an…
52 terms
Applied Physiology Chapter 21
Hem-
-Dynamic
Hemodynamic
Arteries
Iron... (hemodynamic)
Movement... (hemodynamic)
Movement of blood throughout the body
Large... smooth muscle... carry blood away from the heart to tissue…
Hem-
Iron... (hemodynamic)
-Dynamic
Movement... (hemodynamic)
Physiology Chapter 21
What is the function of the digestive…
What are the four processes of the Dig…
Function of the Mouth
Function of the Pharynx
Provide nutrients... Bring fluid to the bodies cells
Digestion... Absorption... Secretion ... Motility
Digestions begins here... Saliva has digestive immune functions
Allows air into the larynx and trachea... Brings food and liquid…
What is the function of the digestive…
Provide nutrients... Bring fluid to the bodies cells
What are the four processes of the Dig…
Digestion... Absorption... Secretion ... Motility
37 terms
Chapter 21 Physiology
Mechanical digestion refers to
Chemical digestion refers to
Which function(s) is/are NOT continuou…
Which of the following is an accessory…
the effects of chewing, churning, and segmentation
the enzymatic breakdown of food
absorption only
pancreas
Mechanical digestion refers to
the effects of chewing, churning, and segmentation
Chemical digestion refers to
the enzymatic breakdown of food
61 terms
chapter 21 physiology
lymphatic and immune system functions
immunity
lipid absorption
fluid recovery
maintain fluid balance and protect body from infection and di…
-fluids from all capillary beds are filtered... -immune cells st…
lacteals in small intestine absorb dietary lipids
absorbs plasma proteins and fluid (2 to 4 L/day) from tissues…
lymphatic and immune system functions
maintain fluid balance and protect body from infection and di…
immunity
-fluids from all capillary beds are filtered... -immune cells st…
11 terms
Physiology: Chapter 21
Name the 3 main effects of the sympath…
Would arterial pressure increased more…
The left coronary artery supplies what…
The right coronary artery supplies wha…
Increased heart rate and increased pumping strength, arteriol…
Single muscle group; Vasodilation occurs only in the active m…
Anterior and left lateral portions of the left ventricle
Supplies most of right ventricle, as well as the posterior pa…
Name the 3 main effects of the sympath…
Increased heart rate and increased pumping strength, arteriol…
Would arterial pressure increased more…
Single muscle group; Vasodilation occurs only in the active m…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II: Chapter 21
Five Types of Blood Vessels
Arteries
Arterioles
Capillaries
Arteries... Arterioles ... Capillaries ... Venules... Vein
Carry blood away from the heart to the organs
Medium sized arteries can branch off into this smaller arteri…
When arterioles enter tissues they branch into this smaller v…
Five Types of Blood Vessels
Arteries... Arterioles ... Capillaries ... Venules... Vein
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart to the organs
35 terms
Anatomy & Physiology (Chapter 21)
INNATE DEFENSE SYSTEM
ADAPTIVE DEFENSE SYSTEM
LARGE GRANULAR LYMPHOCYTES
LEUKOCYTOSIS
What intrinsic system is nonspecific?
What intrinsic system is specific?
What small group are Natural killer cells part of?
What is release of neutrophils from bone marrow in response t…
INNATE DEFENSE SYSTEM
What intrinsic system is nonspecific?
ADAPTIVE DEFENSE SYSTEM
What intrinsic system is specific?
44 terms
physiology chapter 21
_____ Humoral immunity
_____ Phagocytes
_____ Cellular immunity
_____ Inflammation
c. Third line of defense
b. Second line of defense
c. Third line of defense
b. Second line of defense
_____ Humoral immunity
c. Third line of defense
_____ Phagocytes
b. Second line of defense
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 21
3 Types of Blood Vessels
Capillaries
Arteries
Veins
1. Capillaries... 2. Arteries... 3. Veins
Carry blood from arterioles to venules, deliver and collect s…
Carry blood away from heart (except for pulmonary arteries),…
Carry blood towards heart (except for pulmonary veins), funct…
3 Types of Blood Vessels
1. Capillaries... 2. Arteries... 3. Veins
Capillaries
Carry blood from arterioles to venules, deliver and collect s…
27 terms
exercise physiology chapter 21
Exercise training specificity
Specific overload
Specific endurance
Greater blood flow in active tissues r…
refers to adaptations in metabolic and physiologic functions…
of short duration induces specific strength-power adaptations
training elicits specific aerobic system adaptations
Increased microcirculation... More effective redistribution of c…
Exercise training specificity
refers to adaptations in metabolic and physiologic functions…
Specific overload
of short duration induces specific strength-power adaptations
Chapter 21 Anatomy & Physiology
Angiogenesis
Arteries
Arterioles
Capillaries
the growth of new blood vessels
carry blood from the heart to the tissues
are small arteries that connect to capillaries.
are the site of substance exchange between the blood and body…
Angiogenesis
the growth of new blood vessels
Arteries
carry blood from the heart to the tissues
110 terms
Avian Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 21
The avian skeleton has several modific…
What three parts of the bird constitut…
What five parts of the bird constitute…
(Axial skeleton modifications)... The ver…
-Number... -Density... -Fusion... -Matrix
-Skull... -Vertebrae ... -Sternum
-Pectoral girdle... -Wings... -Pelvic girdle... -Legs... -Feet
-Cervical ... -Thoracic... -Lumbar... -Sacral... -Coccygeal
The avian skeleton has several modific…
-Number... -Density... -Fusion... -Matrix
What three parts of the bird constitut…
-Skull... -Vertebrae ... -Sternum
42 terms
Physiology Chapter 21
What happens to blood flow in muscles…
Describe muscle capillaries during res…
What happens with decreased oxygen in…
What are the vasodilator substances th…
There is lower flow during the muscle contraction phase of ex…
During rest, some muscle capillaries have little or no flowin…
During exercise there is decreased oxygen because the muscles…
potassium ions... ATP... lactic acid... carbon dioxide ... (This is after…
What happens to blood flow in muscles…
There is lower flow during the muscle contraction phase of ex…
Describe muscle capillaries during res…
During rest, some muscle capillaries have little or no flowin…
17 terms
Chapter 21- Human Physiology
mesentery
mucosa
submucosa
muscularis externa
double sheet of peritoneal membrane that stabilizes the posit…
mucous membrane consisting of an epithelium and a lamina prop…
layer of dense irregular connective tissue with blood and lym…
concentric layers of smooth muscle responsible for peristalsis
mesentery
double sheet of peritoneal membrane that stabilizes the posit…
mucosa
mucous membrane consisting of an epithelium and a lamina prop…
13 terms
Anthony and physiology chapter 21
varicose veins
phlebitis
gangrene
anastomosis
Gnarled, enlarged veins, most commonly appearing in the legs…
Inflammation of a vein
Dead tissue caused by an infection or lack of blood flow
An anastomosis is a surgical connection between two structure…
varicose veins
Gnarled, enlarged veins, most commonly appearing in the legs…
phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein
Physiology Chapter 21-2
Autoregulation
Mechanism of vasodilation
Factors of vasodilation
Mechanisms of vasoconstriction
Regulation at the tissue level, a type of cardiovascular regu…
Relax precapillary sphincter - increase blood flow to tissue
Decrease in oxygen, increase in carbon dioxide, increase in t…
Constrict precapillary sphincter - decrease blood flow to tis…
Autoregulation
Regulation at the tissue level, a type of cardiovascular regu…
Mechanism of vasodilation
Relax precapillary sphincter - increase blood flow to tissue
42 terms
Chapter 21 Vascular Physiology
media
have thinner walls.
continuous capillaries
channeling blood toward the heart.
The muscular layer in the wall of a blood vessel is the tunica
Compared to arteries, veins
Capillaries that have a complete lining are called
Venous valves are responsible for
media
The muscular layer in the wall of a blood vessel is the tunica
have thinner walls.
Compared to arteries, veins
Physiology Chapter 21-1
Blood pressure
Arteries
Arterioles
Capillaries
Pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the vessels
Receive blood from the heart under high pressure
Deliver blood to capillaries
Networks throughout the body tissues, exchange of molecules b…
Blood pressure
Pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the vessels
Arteries
Receive blood from the heart under high pressure
48 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 21
Functions of the Circulatory System
Structural Features of Blood Vessels
Arteries
Veins
Carry blood... Exchange nutrients, waste products, and gases... Tra…
Arterties... Veins... Capillaries
- carry blood away from heart... - thick with a lot of elastic
- carry blood toward heart... - thick with less elastic
Functions of the Circulatory System
Carry blood... Exchange nutrients, waste products, and gases... Tra…
Structural Features of Blood Vessels
Arterties... Veins... Capillaries
60 terms
Chapter 21 physiology
What does mechanical digestion refer to?
What organ is an accessory to digestion?
What structure/organ is a significant…
What is the sequence of layers from lu…
The effects of chewing, churning, and segmentation
Pancreas
Large intestine
Mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa
What does mechanical digestion refer to?
The effects of chewing, churning, and segmentation
What organ is an accessory to digestion?
Pancreas
20 terms
Physiology Chapter 21
Which of the following is an example o…
Which of the following is an example o…
Which of the following cells of the pa…
Stress stimulates secretion of which o…
d
Stimulation of lipolysis
Beta cells
Growth hormone, epinephrine, thyroid hormones, ACTH
Which of the following is an example o…
d
Which of the following is an example o…
Stimulation of lipolysis
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