Study sets matching "physiology chapter 10 endocrine system human"

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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 10 endocrine system human"

49 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Posterior Pituitary
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Releasing and inhibiting hormones: regulate the anterior pitu…
small gland connected to the hypothalamus, divided into a pos…
Release ADH and oxytocin produced by the hypothalamus.
Stimulates kidney to decrease urine production; in high conce…
Hypothalamus
Releasing and inhibiting hormones: regulate the anterior pitu…
Pituitary Gland
small gland connected to the hypothalamus, divided into a pos…
48 terms
Chapter 10: The Endocrine System (Basic Human Structure)
glands vs organs
endocrine system vs nervous system
endocrine system
hormones
glands are a group of specialized cells (same cells)... organs h…
differences ... electrical and chemical for nervous but only che…
consists of glands and tissues that secrete hormones
chemical signals that affect the behavior of other glands or…
glands vs organs
glands are a group of specialized cells (same cells)... organs h…
endocrine system vs nervous system
differences ... electrical and chemical for nervous but only che…
19 terms
Chapter 10 - Anatomy & Physiology (Endocrine System Abbreviations)
growth hormone
prolactin
adrenocorticotropic hormone
thyroid stimulating hormone
GH
PRL
ACTH
TSH
growth hormone
GH
prolactin
PRL
21 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy and Physiology of the Endocrine System
TARGET ORGAN
PITUITARY GLAND
SELLA TURCICA
PARATHYROID HORMONE (PTH)
Organ containing receptors that cause it to react to certains…
"Master gland"; under control of the hypothalamus.
Depression in the sphenoid bone in the cranial cavity that ho…
Hormone that regulates the amount of circulating calcium in t…
TARGET ORGAN
Organ containing receptors that cause it to react to certains…
PITUITARY GLAND
"Master gland"; under control of the hypothalamus.
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II - Chapter 10 - Endocrine System
What is the function of the endocrine…
Name the two types of glands in the bo…
What is the function of an exocrine gl…
What is the function of an endocrine g…
Communication and control
1) exocrine glands - duct glands... 2) endocrine glands - ductle…
secrete products into ducts that empty on the surface or into…
provides slower but longer-lasting control by way of hormones…
What is the function of the endocrine…
Communication and control
Name the two types of glands in the bo…
1) exocrine glands - duct glands... 2) endocrine glands - ductle…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Endocrine System
endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
posterior pituitary gland
located axially in body, site of hormone release and circulat…
part of the brain that monitors homeostasis
located below the brain. anterior and posterior sides
receives nerve signals from brain for hormone release. one ca…
endocrine system
located axially in body, site of hormone release and circulat…
hypothalamus
part of the brain that monitors homeostasis
72 terms
Human Physiology Endocrine System
endocrine system
structures associated with endocrine s…
hormones
effects hormones have on the body
second major controlling system in the body
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
chemical messengers
-growth and development... -reproduction... -defense against stress…
endocrine system
second major controlling system in the body
structures associated with endocrine s…
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
28 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Tropic Hormones
Non-Tropic Hormones
-Composed of ductless glands that produce hormones
-Regulatory chemicals that are secreted either into bloodstre…
-Act on another endocrine gland to produce a hormone that aff…
-Non-tropic hormones act directly on a target cell
Endocrine System
-Composed of ductless glands that produce hormones
Hormones
-Regulatory chemicals that are secreted either into bloodstre…
46 terms
Human Physiology Chapter X: The Endocrine System
The endocrine system
Hormones
Amine hormones
Peptide and protein hormones
This is made up by cells, tissues and organs that secrete hor…
These are a means by which the body communicates with itself…
These are thyroid hormones that contain iodine and the catech…
Peptides make up the majority of hormones. Usually, they're s…
The endocrine system
This is made up by cells, tissues and organs that secrete hor…
Hormones
These are a means by which the body communicates with itself…
61 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11 - Endocrine System
Hormones
List the classes of hormones
Amines
Polypeptides
regulatory molecules secreted into blood by exocrine... - they a…
steroids, amines, polypeptides, glycoproteins
hormones derived from amino acids tyrosine and tryptophan. Se…
composed of chains of amino acids that contain fewer than 100…
Hormones
regulatory molecules secreted into blood by exocrine... - they a…
List the classes of hormones
steroids, amines, polypeptides, glycoproteins
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10: The Endocrine System (Tahseen)
Hypothalamus
Produced - Hypothalamus... Secreted - Pos…
Anterior Pituitary
Thyroid
Hormone: Hypothalamic-releasing and inhibits hormones... Target:…
Hormone: Antidiuretic (ADH), Oxytocin... Target: Kidneys, Uterus…
Hormone: Thyroid-Stimulating (TSH), Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH…
Hormone: Thyroxine (T4), Triiodothyronine (T3)... Target: All ti…
Hypothalamus
Hormone: Hypothalamic-releasing and inhibits hormones... Target:…
Produced - Hypothalamus... Secreted - Pos…
Hormone: Antidiuretic (ADH), Oxytocin... Target: Kidneys, Uterus…
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10: Endocrine System
The endocrine and nervous systems coor…
The link between a first messenger and…
Which of the following substances inac…
Regulatory hormones produced by the __…
homeostasis
a G-protein enzyme
phosphodiesterase (or PDE)
hypothalamus; anterior
The endocrine and nervous systems coor…
homeostasis
The link between a first messenger and…
a G-protein enzyme
Human Physiology Chapter 10: The Sensory Nervous System
receptor
photoreceptors
mechanoreceptors
thermoreceptors
structures at the ends of sensory neurons
receptors responsible for light sensation
receptors responsible for movement sensation
receptors responsible for temperature sensation
receptor
structures at the ends of sensory neurons
photoreceptors
receptors responsible for light sensation
27 terms
Human Physiology - Endocrine System
thyrozine
thyroxine
epinephrine
prolactin and oxytocin
basal metabolic ... bulging eyeballs... nervousness... pulse... weight loss
obesity... mental retardation
fight or flight... short term stress... breaks glycogen and fat to…
for milk
thyrozine
basal metabolic ... bulging eyeballs... nervousness... pulse... weight loss
thyroxine
obesity... mental retardation
21 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine system, Human anatomy&Physiology
Comparison of the nervous and endocrin…
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
The major Endocrine glands
connected to a duct;... secrete chemical substances into ducts t…
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, adrenal gland, fat tissuem…
Comparison of the nervous and endocrin…
Exocrine glands
connected to a duct;... secrete chemical substances into ducts t…
24 terms
Chapter 10 The Endocrine System
The Endocrine System
Hypothalamus Pituitary Axis
Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary
Growth Hormone (GH)
1. Allows hormones to reach anterior pituitary in high concen…
GH, TSH, FSH, LH (Prolactin), ACTH
1. stimulate somatic growth directly and by production of ins…
The Endocrine System
1. Allows hormones to reach anterior pituitary in high concen…
Hypothalamus Pituitary Axis
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10-ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Target cells
Crisis management
What does the endocrine system rely on…
Action/Reaction of hormones
Peripheral structures sensitive to the presence of hormones
The nervous system
Relies on the release of chemicals that bind target cells
Can produce complex changes in physical structure and physiol…
Target cells
Peripheral structures sensitive to the presence of hormones
Crisis management
The nervous system
20 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
Catecholamines
Polypeptides
Steroids
Neurotransmitters
epinephrine (adrenal glands)
Insulin
Testosterone
released from neurons into synaptic clefts
Catecholamines
epinephrine (adrenal glands)
Polypeptides
Insulin
11 terms
Chapter 10 - Anatomy & Physiology (Endocrine System Hormone Groups)
1. growth hormone (GH)... 2. prolactin (P…
1. oxytocin ... 2. antidiuretic (ADH)
1. thyroid hormone... 2. thyroxine (T4)... 3…
1. parathyroid hormone (PTH)
list all 8 hormones produced by the anterior pituitary
list the 2 hormones produced by the hypothalamus and stored…
list all 4 hormones produced by the thyroid gland
list the 1 hormone produced by the parathyroid gland
1. growth hormone (GH)... 2. prolactin (P…
list all 8 hormones produced by the anterior pituitary
1. oxytocin ... 2. antidiuretic (ADH)
list the 2 hormones produced by the hypothalamus and stored…
38 terms
Chapter 10 Endocrine System
The endocrine system
Functions
Components of Endocrine System
Types of Chemical Signals
1. Controls homeostasis... 2. Maintains water balance... 3. Control…
• Endocrine glands:... secrete their product directly into blood…
• Intracellular:... produce in one of part a cell and move to an…
The endocrine system
Functions
1. Controls homeostasis... 2. Maintains water balance... 3. Control…
10 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
What are some characteristics of hormo…
How are hormones activated?
Second-messenger mediated cascasde
HRE-mediated
>In almost every organ system... >Minority= only release hormone…
1. Second-messenger mediated cascade... 2. HRE-mediated (hormone…
Peptide hormones... cAMP... IP3
Steroid hormones
What are some characteristics of hormo…
>In almost every organ system... >Minority= only release hormone…
How are hormones activated?
1. Second-messenger mediated cascade... 2. HRE-mediated (hormone…
22 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
Homeostasis
Hormones
Ductless Glands
Tropic hormones
Process where organism regulates their body.
Chemicals released by endocrine system.
Also called endocrine glands; they release hormones.
Stimulate other glands to release hormones
Homeostasis
Process where organism regulates their body.
Hormones
Chemicals released by endocrine system.
30 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: The Muscular System
prime mover
antagonist
synergist
fixator
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
muscle that helps prime mover
muscle (synergist) stabilizing a bone, joint, or origin
prime mover
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
antagonist
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
Human Body Chapter 10 Endocrine System
Why are only certain cells affected by…
How do lipid-soluble (steroid) and wat…
Compare negative and positive feedback…
How do the anterior and posterior lobe…
because these target cells have receptors for the hormone tha…
Steroid hormones can move through a lipid bilayer into a cell…
In negative feedback system the outcome of the process shuts…
Anterior pituitary is larger and is directly connected to the…
Why are only certain cells affected by…
because these target cells have receptors for the hormone tha…
How do lipid-soluble (steroid) and wat…
Steroid hormones can move through a lipid bilayer into a cell…
17 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 9, Endocrine System
Endocrine System Functions
Endocrine system secretion
Stimuli activate hormones
Glands of the Endocrine System
Through hormones, it stimulates:... Long Term growth... Developemen…
Instead of secreted hormones through neurons like the Nervous…
Hormonal: ... Most common, Endocrine organs are called into acti…
Hypothalamus... Pineal Gland... Pituitary Gland = master gland, sec…
Endocrine System Functions
Through hormones, it stimulates:... Long Term growth... Developemen…
Endocrine system secretion
Instead of secreted hormones through neurons like the Nervous…
39 terms
Human A&P: Chapter 10- The Endocrine System
Ad
Andros
Ageion
Corpus
To or toward
Man
Vessel
Body
Ad
To or toward
Andros
Man
30 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: The Muscular System
prime mover
antagonist
synergist
fixator
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
muscle that helps prime mover
muscle (synergist) stabilizing a bone, joint, or origin
prime mover
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
antagonist
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
66 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 17: Endocrine System
coordination of cell activities
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
heart muscle
rapid, quick change
Overall cell communication is based on what?
What are the four principle mechanisms of communication betwe…
What is an example of a gap junction?
Neurotransmitters create what kind of change?
coordination of cell activities
Overall cell communication is based on what?
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
What are the four principle mechanisms of communication betwe…
101 terms
Human Physiology - The Endocrine System
Direct Communication
Ligands
Indirect Communication
Functional Classifications of Chemical…
Occurs via gap junctions
Molecules released from one cell that affects another cell by…
Occurs via chemical messengers
Paracrines, Autocrines, Neurotransmitters, and Hormones
Direct Communication
Occurs via gap junctions
Ligands
Molecules released from one cell that affects another cell by…
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: The Muscular System
prime mover
antagonist
synergist
fixator
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
muscle that helps prime mover
muscle (synergist) stabilizing a bone, joint, or origin
prime mover
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
antagonist
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
Biology of Humans chapter 10 endocrine system
Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroids, Adre…
Organs with some endocrine tissue
Lipid-Soluble, Water-soluble
Lipid-Soluble hormones
The five major endocrine glands
Hypothalamus, Thymus, Pancreas, Ovaries, Testes, Heart, Place…
Two types of hormones
Move easily through any target cell's plasma... membrane, once i…
Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroids, Adre…
The five major endocrine glands
Organs with some endocrine tissue
Hypothalamus, Thymus, Pancreas, Ovaries, Testes, Heart, Place…
Human Physiology Chapter 11: The Endocrine System
endocrine glands
exocrine organs
hormones
steroids
the type of glands that lack ducts and secrete hormones into…
the type of organs that have ducts and can have both endocrin…
chemical signals that are produced by endocrine glands and th…
the type of hormones that includes the sex hormones
endocrine glands
the type of glands that lack ducts and secrete hormones into…
exocrine organs
the type of organs that have ducts and can have both endocrin…
53 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 10
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Hormones
Target cell
Belong to endocrine system: same general functions as the ner…
Secrete their products into ducts that empty onto a surface o…
Chemicals that are secreted into the endocrine and exocrine g…
A cell that has specific receptors to allow hormone molecules…
Endocrine glands
Belong to endocrine system: same general functions as the ner…
Exocrine glands
Secrete their products into ducts that empty onto a surface o…
24 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11: The Endocrine System
Hormones
3 Basic ways hormones act on target ce…
What makes a chemical a hormone?
Hormone release follows basic pattern…
Chemical messengers... Responsible for long-term, on-going funct…
1. By controlling rates of enzymatic reactions... Produce some s…
Secreted by a discrete and identifiable cell or group of cell…
Stimulus... Sensor... Signal Input... Signal Integration... Signal Output…
Hormones
Chemical messengers... Responsible for long-term, on-going funct…
3 Basic ways hormones act on target ce…
1. By controlling rates of enzymatic reactions... Produce some s…
91 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 9: The Endocrine System
Nervous
Endocrine
Structures associated with the endocri…
Hormones
The number one controlling system of the body
The second controlling system of the body
Pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gla…
growth developed reproduction
Nervous
The number one controlling system of the body
Endocrine
The second controlling system of the body
Chapter 10 Endocrine System
Anterior pituitary gland
Growth Hormone (GH)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Produces and secretes 6 hormones... ♣ Growth hormone (GH)... ♣ Prol…
Promotes growth of body cells and cell division: promotes pro…
Stimulates thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones
Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids and andr…
Anterior pituitary gland
Produces and secretes 6 hormones... ♣ Growth hormone (GH)... ♣ Prol…
Growth Hormone (GH)
Promotes growth of body cells and cell division: promotes pro…
30 terms
Human physiology endocrine system
Expcrine
Cortiosl
Target
Endocrine
Glands thay scereg products into ducts
Glucocorticoid; influences metabolism in response to stressfu…
Type of cells that hormones affect
One of two hormones that works to regular body metabolism
Expcrine
Glands thay scereg products into ducts
Cortiosl
Glucocorticoid; influences metabolism in response to stressfu…
70 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
endocrine system
exocrine system
endocrine glands
neurohormone
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
secretes out of the body
secrete into bloodstream into target cells with receptors
secreted by specialized cells of the hypothalamus
endocrine system
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
exocrine system
secretes out of the body
81 terms
Endocrine system (Human Physiology)
Neural Mechanisms
Endocrine Mechanisms
Endocrine glands are
Endocrine mechanisms control things ov…
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
ductless (secrete directly into circulation)
growth/maturation, water/electrolyte balance, circulation met…
Neural Mechanisms
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
Endocrine Mechanisms
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
Human Physiology, Endocrine System
Hormones
Pituitary gland
exocrine glands
Endocrine Glands
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to ot…
Glands that secrete substances into bloodstream
Hormones
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Pituitary gland
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
71 terms
Chapter 10: Endocrine System
Hormones
Homeostasis
Stress
Physiology of the endocrine system
chemical messengers that are released in one tissue and trans…
The maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
any condition that threatens homeostasis
The endocrine system is a biochemical communication network t…
Hormones
chemical messengers that are released in one tissue and trans…
Homeostasis
The maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
17 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 23: Endocrine System
Adrenal Gland secretes _____ from the…
Corticosteroid cortisol
Cortisol's many effects
Hypercortisolism
cortex secretes glucocorticoids (along with aldosterone and s…
released as part of the HPA and increases glucose availabilit…
immune system function suppressed, liver is told to do glucon…
- adrenal or pituitary tumor, or iatrogenic... - excess gluconeo…
Adrenal Gland secretes _____ from the…
cortex secretes glucocorticoids (along with aldosterone and s…
Corticosteroid cortisol
released as part of the HPA and increases glucose availabilit…
13 terms
Chapter 11: Human Physiology: Endocrine System
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD…
Hypothalamus
Antidiuretic hormone
Positive feedback
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD FAR AWAY OR SOMETIMES…
BRIDGE BETWEEN ENDOCRINE & NERVOUS SYSTEMS; during stress, se…
increases water retention by kidneys, helps regulate blood os…
enhances an already existing response
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD…
RELEASES HORMONES TRAVEL THROUGH BLOOD FAR AWAY OR SOMETIMES…
Hypothalamus
BRIDGE BETWEEN ENDOCRINE & NERVOUS SYSTEMS; during stress, se…
Human Physiology: Chapter 10
Detects Chemicals, Taste, Smell
All over body, Detect tissue damage
Detect temperatre
Invoved with touch
Chemoreceptors
Pain Receptors
Thermoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
Detects Chemicals, Taste, Smell
Chemoreceptors
All over body, Detect tissue damage
Pain Receptors
Human Physiology: Endocrine System
Thyroid gland
Thyroid hormones
Thyroxine & Triiodothyronine
Thyrotropin (TSH)
2 lobes joined by isthmus. Location: neck, anterolateral to e…
Thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and calcitonin
Released and converted to triiodothyronine by target cell to…
produced by pituitary to regulate Thyroid hormones
Thyroid gland
2 lobes joined by isthmus. Location: neck, anterolateral to e…
Thyroid hormones
Thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and calcitonin
Human physiology Endocrine system
What are hormones?
Differences between Endocrine and Exoc…
General Mechanism of hormone action
For a peptide hormone the general mech…
Chemicals released into the blood that signal biological proc…
Endocrine organs: thyroid, pancreas, parathyroid... Exocrine org…
1. Hormone traveling in blood binds to the receptor of a targ…
It can't enter the cell through phospholipid bilayers, binds…
What are hormones?
Chemicals released into the blood that signal biological proc…
Differences between Endocrine and Exoc…
Endocrine organs: thyroid, pancreas, parathyroid... Exocrine org…
14 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 10: The Endocrine System
endocrine cell
first messenger
general adaptation syndrome
glucagon
glandular secretory cells that release signal molecules into…
A hormone that acts as a message in the blood stream, binding…
A model of the body's response to chronic stress; the three p…
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
endocrine cell
glandular secretory cells that release signal molecules into…
first messenger
A hormone that acts as a message in the blood stream, binding…
19 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System
What are the core differences between…
What are endocrine glands?
What is endocrine up-regulation? What…
What are the two classes of hormones?…
Nervous System:... Direct and Fast Signalling (ex. Text a friend…
Endocrine glands are ductless glands that secrete hormones... e…
Up-regulation:... When the hormone concentration is deficient, m…
Lipid Soluble Hormones:... Steroid, ex. aldosterone, cortisol,…
What are the core differences between…
Nervous System:... Direct and Fast Signalling (ex. Text a friend…
What are endocrine glands?
Endocrine glands are ductless glands that secrete hormones... e…
83 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 17 Endocrine System
B. more widespread and long-lasting ef…
E. All choices are correct
D. Recovery time: rapid, immediate ret…
E. posterior to the thyroid gland.
Compared to the nervous system, the endocrine system has: ... A.…
Endocrine glands: ... A. are ductless glands. ... B. are the organs…
Which is not characteristic of the endocrine system? ... A. Effe…
The parathyroid glands are located: ... A. just below the thalam…
B. more widespread and long-lasting ef…
Compared to the nervous system, the endocrine system has: ... A.…
E. All choices are correct
Endocrine glands: ... A. are ductless glands. ... B. are the organs…
31 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9 Endocrine System- Hormones
melatonin
oxytocin
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Growth Hormone (GH)
involved in biological rhythms ... light/dark cycles
stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk "let-down" refl…
promotes retention of water by kidney... prevents water lost
stimulates growth and metabolism
melatonin
involved in biological rhythms ... light/dark cycles
oxytocin
stimulates contraction of uterus and the milk "let-down" refl…
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