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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 10 endocrine system human"

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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 10 endocrine system human"

49 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Posterior Pituitary
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Releasing and inhibiting hormones: regulate the anterior pitu…
small gland connected to the hypothalamus, divided into a pos…
Release ADH and oxytocin produced by the hypothalamus.
Stimulates kidney to decrease urine production; in high conce…
Hypothalamus
Releasing and inhibiting hormones: regulate the anterior pitu…
Pituitary Gland
small gland connected to the hypothalamus, divided into a pos…
19 terms
Chapter 10 - Anatomy & Physiology (Endocrine System Abbreviations)
growth hormone
prolactin
adrenocorticotropic hormone
thyroid stimulating hormone
GH
PRL
ACTH
TSH
growth hormone
GH
prolactin
PRL
48 terms
Chapter 10: The Endocrine System (Basic Human Structure)
glands vs organs
endocrine system vs nervous system
endocrine system
hormones
glands are a group of specialized cells (same cells)... organs h…
differences ... electrical and chemical for nervous but only che…
consists of glands and tissues that secrete hormones
chemical signals that affect the behavior of other glands or…
glands vs organs
glands are a group of specialized cells (same cells)... organs h…
endocrine system vs nervous system
differences ... electrical and chemical for nervous but only che…
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II - Chapter 10 - Endocrine System
What is the function of the endocrine…
Name the two types of glands in the bo…
What is the function of an exocrine gl…
What is the function of an endocrine g…
Communication and control
1) exocrine glands - duct glands... 2) endocrine glands - ductle…
secrete products into ducts that empty on the surface or into…
provides slower but longer-lasting control by way of hormones…
What is the function of the endocrine…
Communication and control
Name the two types of glands in the bo…
1) exocrine glands - duct glands... 2) endocrine glands - ductle…
21 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy and Physiology of the Endocrine System
TARGET ORGAN
PITUITARY GLAND
SELLA TURCICA
PARATHYROID HORMONE (PTH)
Organ containing receptors that cause it to react to certains…
"Master gland"; under control of the hypothalamus.
Depression in the sphenoid bone in the cranial cavity that ho…
Hormone that regulates the amount of circulating calcium in t…
TARGET ORGAN
Organ containing receptors that cause it to react to certains…
PITUITARY GLAND
"Master gland"; under control of the hypothalamus.
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Endocrine System
endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
posterior pituitary gland
located axially in body, site of hormone release and circulat…
part of the brain that monitors homeostasis
located below the brain. anterior and posterior sides
receives nerve signals from brain for hormone release. one ca…
endocrine system
located axially in body, site of hormone release and circulat…
hypothalamus
part of the brain that monitors homeostasis
28 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 10 Endocrine System; Hormones
Thyroid Stimulatory Gland
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Follicle-stimulating Hormone
Luteinizing Hormone
(TSH) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) Stimulates thyroid to stimul…
(ACTh) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) stimulates the release of h…
(FSH) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) Promotes follicle developmen…
(LH) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) induces ovulation and product…
Thyroid Stimulatory Gland
(TSH) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) Stimulates thyroid to stimul…
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
(ACTh) (Anterior Pituitary Gland) stimulates the release of h…
39 terms
Human A&P: Chapter 10- The Endocrine System
Ad
Andros
Ageion
Corpus
To or toward
Man
Vessel
Body
Ad
To or toward
Andros
Man
24 terms
Chapter 10 The Endocrine System
The Endocrine System
Hypothalamus Pituitary Axis
Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary
Growth Hormone (GH)
1. Allows hormones to reach anterior pituitary in high concen…
GH, TSH, FSH, LH (Prolactin), ACTH
1. stimulate somatic growth directly and by production of ins…
The Endocrine System
1. Allows hormones to reach anterior pituitary in high concen…
Hypothalamus Pituitary Axis
46 terms
Human Physiology Chapter X: The Endocrine System
The endocrine system
Hormones
Amine hormones
Peptide and protein hormones
This is made up by cells, tissues and organs that secrete hor…
These are a means by which the body communicates with itself…
These are thyroid hormones that contain iodine and the catech…
Peptides make up the majority of hormones. Usually, they're s…
The endocrine system
This is made up by cells, tissues and organs that secrete hor…
Hormones
These are a means by which the body communicates with itself…
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10: The Endocrine System (Tahseen)
Hypothalamus
Produced - Hypothalamus... Secreted - Pos…
Anterior Pituitary
Thyroid
Hormone: Hypothalamic-releasing and inhibits hormones... Target:…
Hormone: Antidiuretic (ADH), Oxytocin... Target: Kidneys, Uterus…
Hormone: Thyroid-Stimulating (TSH), Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH…
Hormone: Thyroxine (T4), Triiodothyronine (T3)... Target: All ti…
Hypothalamus
Hormone: Hypothalamic-releasing and inhibits hormones... Target:…
Produced - Hypothalamus... Secreted - Pos…
Hormone: Antidiuretic (ADH), Oxytocin... Target: Kidneys, Uterus…
61 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11 - Endocrine System
Hormones
List the classes of hormones
Amines
Polypeptides
regulatory molecules secreted into blood by exocrine... - they a…
steroids, amines, polypeptides, glycoproteins
hormones derived from amino acids tyrosine and tryptophan. Se…
composed of chains of amino acids that contain fewer than 100…
Hormones
regulatory molecules secreted into blood by exocrine... - they a…
List the classes of hormones
steroids, amines, polypeptides, glycoproteins
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10: Endocrine System
The endocrine and nervous systems coor…
The link between a first messenger and…
Which of the following substances inac…
Regulatory hormones produced by the __…
homeostasis
a G-protein enzyme
phosphodiesterase (or PDE)
hypothalamus; anterior
The endocrine and nervous systems coor…
homeostasis
The link between a first messenger and…
a G-protein enzyme
21 terms
Chapter 17 Endocrine system, Human anatomy&Physiology
Comparison of the nervous and endocrin…
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
The major Endocrine glands
connected to a duct;... secrete chemical substances into ducts t…
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, adrenal gland, fat tissuem…
Comparison of the nervous and endocrin…
Exocrine glands
connected to a duct;... secrete chemical substances into ducts t…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10-ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Target cells
Crisis management
What does the endocrine system rely on…
Action/Reaction of hormones
Peripheral structures sensitive to the presence of hormones
The nervous system
Relies on the release of chemicals that bind target cells
Can produce complex changes in physical structure and physiol…
Target cells
Peripheral structures sensitive to the presence of hormones
Crisis management
The nervous system
28 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Tropic Hormones
Non-Tropic Hormones
-Composed of ductless glands that produce hormones
-Regulatory chemicals that are secreted either into bloodstre…
-Act on another endocrine gland to produce a hormone that aff…
-Non-tropic hormones act directly on a target cell
Endocrine System
-Composed of ductless glands that produce hormones
Hormones
-Regulatory chemicals that are secreted either into bloodstre…
93 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 10: The Sensory Nervous System
receptor
photoreceptors
mechanoreceptors
thermoreceptors
structures at the ends of sensory neurons
receptors responsible for light sensation
receptors responsible for movement sensation
receptors responsible for temperature sensation
receptor
structures at the ends of sensory neurons
photoreceptors
receptors responsible for light sensation
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: The Muscular System
prime mover
antagonist
synergist
fixator
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
muscle that helps prime mover
muscle (synergist) stabilizing a bone, joint, or origin
prime mover
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
antagonist
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
22 terms
Human Body Chapter 10 Endocrine System
Why are only certain cells affected by…
How do lipid-soluble (steroid) and wat…
Compare negative and positive feedback…
How do the anterior and posterior lobe…
because these target cells have receptors for the hormone tha…
Steroid hormones can move through a lipid bilayer into a cell…
In negative feedback system the outcome of the process shuts…
Anterior pituitary is larger and is directly connected to the…
Why are only certain cells affected by…
because these target cells have receptors for the hormone tha…
How do lipid-soluble (steroid) and wat…
Steroid hormones can move through a lipid bilayer into a cell…
30 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: The Muscular System
prime mover
antagonist
synergist
fixator
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
muscle that helps prime mover
muscle (synergist) stabilizing a bone, joint, or origin
prime mover
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
antagonist
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
27 terms
Human Physiology - Endocrine System
thyrozine
thyroxine
epinephrine
prolactin and oxytocin
basal metabolic ... bulging eyeballs... nervousness... pulse... weight loss
obesity... mental retardation
fight or flight... short term stress... breaks glycogen and fat to…
for milk
thyrozine
basal metabolic ... bulging eyeballs... nervousness... pulse... weight loss
thyroxine
obesity... mental retardation
11 terms
Chapter 10 - Anatomy & Physiology (Endocrine System Hormone Groups)
1. growth hormone (GH)... 2. prolactin (P…
1. oxytocin ... 2. antidiuretic (ADH)
1. thyroid hormone... 2. thyroxine (T4)... 3…
1. parathyroid hormone (PTH)
list all 8 hormones produced by the anterior pituitary
list the 2 hormones produced by the hypothalamus and stored…
list all 4 hormones produced by the thyroid gland
list the 1 hormone produced by the parathyroid gland
1. growth hormone (GH)... 2. prolactin (P…
list all 8 hormones produced by the anterior pituitary
1. oxytocin ... 2. antidiuretic (ADH)
list the 2 hormones produced by the hypothalamus and stored…
72 terms
Human Physiology Endocrine System
endocrine system
structures associated with endocrine s…
hormones
effects hormones have on the body
second major controlling system in the body
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
chemical messengers
-growth and development... -reproduction... -defense against stress…
endocrine system
second major controlling system in the body
structures associated with endocrine s…
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
30 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: The Muscular System
prime mover
antagonist
synergist
fixator
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
muscle that helps prime mover
muscle (synergist) stabilizing a bone, joint, or origin
prime mover
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
antagonist
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
20 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
Catecholamines
Polypeptides
Steroids
Neurotransmitters
epinephrine (adrenal glands)
Insulin
Testosterone
released from neurons into synaptic clefts
Catecholamines
epinephrine (adrenal glands)
Polypeptides
Insulin
30 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: The Muscular System
prime mover
antagonist
synergist
fixator
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
muscle that helps prime mover
muscle (synergist) stabilizing a bone, joint, or origin
prime mover
the agonist. the muscle responsible for producing a specific…
antagonist
muscle that opposes or is reverse of the prime mover
22 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
Homeostasis
Hormones
Ductless Glands
Tropic hormones
Process where organism regulates their body.
Chemicals released by endocrine system.
Also called endocrine glands; they release hormones.
Stimulate other glands to release hormones
Homeostasis
Process where organism regulates their body.
Hormones
Chemicals released by endocrine system.
34 terms
Chapter 10 Endocrine System
Anterior Lobe Hormone
Growth Hormone (GH)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Called the Master Gland; Produces and secretes 6 hormones
Promotes growth of body cells and cell division: promotes pro…
Stimulates thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones
Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids and andr…
Anterior Lobe Hormone
Called the Master Gland; Produces and secretes 6 hormones
Growth Hormone (GH)
Promotes growth of body cells and cell division: promotes pro…
17 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 9, Endocrine System
Endocrine System Functions
Endocrine system secretion
Stimuli activate hormones
Glands of the Endocrine System
Through hormones, it stimulates:... Long Term growth... Developemen…
Instead of secreted hormones through neurons like the Nervous…
Hormonal: ... Most common, Endocrine organs are called into acti…
Hypothalamus... Pineal Gland... Pituitary Gland = master gland, sec…
Endocrine System Functions
Through hormones, it stimulates:... Long Term growth... Developemen…
Endocrine system secretion
Instead of secreted hormones through neurons like the Nervous…
101 terms
Human Physiology - The Endocrine System
Direct Communication
Ligands
Indirect Communication
Functional Classifications of Chemical…
Occurs via gap junctions
Molecules released from one cell that affects another cell by…
Occurs via chemical messengers
Paracrines, Autocrines, Neurotransmitters, and Hormones
Direct Communication
Occurs via gap junctions
Ligands
Molecules released from one cell that affects another cell by…
66 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 17: Endocrine System
coordination of cell activities
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
heart muscle
rapid, quick change
Overall cell communication is based on what?
What are the four principle mechanisms of communication betwe…
What is an example of a gap junction?
Neurotransmitters create what kind of change?
coordination of cell activities
Overall cell communication is based on what?
Gap junctions, neurotransmitters, para…
What are the four principle mechanisms of communication betwe…
38 terms
Chapter 10 Endocrine System
Anterior pituitary gland
Growth Hormone (GH)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Produces and secretes 6 hormones... ♣ Growth hormone (GH)... ♣ Prol…
Promotes growth of body cells and cell division: promotes pro…
Stimulates thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones
Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids and andr…
Anterior pituitary gland
Produces and secretes 6 hormones... ♣ Growth hormone (GH)... ♣ Prol…
Growth Hormone (GH)
Promotes growth of body cells and cell division: promotes pro…
14 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 10: The Endocrine System
endocrine cell
first messenger
general adaptation syndrome
glucagon
glandular secretory cells that release signal molecules into…
A hormone that acts as a message in the blood stream, binding…
A model of the body's response to chronic stress; the three p…
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
endocrine cell
glandular secretory cells that release signal molecules into…
first messenger
A hormone that acts as a message in the blood stream, binding…
72 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 11: The Endocrine System
endocrine glands
exocrine organs
hormones
steroids
the type of glands that lack ducts and secrete hormones into…
the type of organs that have ducts and can have both endocrin…
chemical signals that are produced by endocrine glands and th…
the type of hormones that includes the sex hormones
endocrine glands
the type of glands that lack ducts and secrete hormones into…
exocrine organs
the type of organs that have ducts and can have both endocrin…
71 terms
Chapter 10: Endocrine System
Hormones
Homeostasis
Stress
Physiology of the endocrine system
chemical messengers that are released in one tissue and trans…
The maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
any condition that threatens homeostasis
The endocrine system is a biochemical communication network t…
Hormones
chemical messengers that are released in one tissue and trans…
Homeostasis
The maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment
32 terms
Chapter 15: Human Physiology - Endocrine System
Homeostasis
Endocrine System
Hormones
Ductless Glands
The property of a system in which variables are regulated so…
Body system that secretes hormones
Biochemicals that move through the blood to a specific target…
Where hormones are produced
Homeostasis
The property of a system in which variables are regulated so…
Endocrine System
Body system that secretes hormones
53 terms
Endocrine System Chapter 10
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Hormones
Target cell
Belong to endocrine system: same general functions as the ner…
Secrete their products into ducts that empty onto a surface o…
Chemicals that are secreted into the endocrine and exocrine g…
A cell that has specific receptors to allow hormone molecules…
Endocrine glands
Belong to endocrine system: same general functions as the ner…
Exocrine glands
Secrete their products into ducts that empty onto a surface o…
24 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 11: The Endocrine System
Hormones
3 Basic ways hormones act on target ce…
What makes a chemical a hormone?
Hormone release follows basic pattern…
Chemical messengers... Responsible for long-term, on-going funct…
1. By controlling rates of enzymatic reactions... Produce some s…
Secreted by a discrete and identifiable cell or group of cell…
Stimulus... Sensor... Signal Input... Signal Integration... Signal Output…
Hormones
Chemical messengers... Responsible for long-term, on-going funct…
3 Basic ways hormones act on target ce…
1. By controlling rates of enzymatic reactions... Produce some s…
91 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 9: The Endocrine System
Nervous
Endocrine
Structures associated with the endocri…
Hormones
The number one controlling system of the body
The second controlling system of the body
Pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gla…
growth developed reproduction
Nervous
The number one controlling system of the body
Endocrine
The second controlling system of the body
19 terms
Chapter 10 - Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Gland
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
90 terms
Human Physiology - The Endocrine System
Endocrine System: Hormones
Endocrine glands
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
- The second of the body's major signaling system ... - Longer d…
Secrete hormones
Ductless glands that release their secretory products into th…
Secrete their products into a duct, from where the secretions…
Endocrine System: Hormones
- The second of the body's major signaling system ... - Longer d…
Endocrine glands
Secrete hormones
30 terms
Human physiology endocrine system
Expcrine
Cortiosl
Target
Endocrine
Glands thay scereg products into ducts
Glucocorticoid; influences metabolism in response to stressfu…
Type of cells that hormones affect
One of two hormones that works to regular body metabolism
Expcrine
Glands thay scereg products into ducts
Cortiosl
Glucocorticoid; influences metabolism in response to stressfu…
85 terms
Endocrine System: Human Physiology
Hormones
Processes under hormonal regulation
a hormone can
Modes of Hormone action
regulate physiology and behavior, chemical signals released i…
growth, developmnent, metabolism, reproduction, control of en…
affect many different tissues like glucagon: adipose, liver,…
control of molecule transport across membrane ex. insulin, co…
Hormones
regulate physiology and behavior, chemical signals released i…
Processes under hormonal regulation
growth, developmnent, metabolism, reproduction, control of en…
70 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
endocrine system
exocrine system
endocrine glands
neurohormone
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
secretes out of the body
secrete into bloodstream into target cells with receptors
secreted by specialized cells of the hypothalamus
endocrine system
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
exocrine system
secretes out of the body
22 terms
Human Physiology, Endocrine System
Hormones
Pituitary gland
exocrine glands
Endocrine Glands
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to ot…
Glands that secrete substances into bloodstream
Hormones
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Pituitary gland
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
81 terms
Endocrine system (Human Physiology)
Neural Mechanisms
Endocrine Mechanisms
Endocrine glands are
Endocrine mechanisms control things ov…
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
ductless (secrete directly into circulation)
growth/maturation, water/electrolyte balance, circulation met…
Neural Mechanisms
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
Endocrine Mechanisms
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
121 terms
Chapter 10 the endocrine system
regulating
neurotransmitters
the endocrine system
endocrine cells
response patterns in the endocrine system are particularly ef…
compounds used as hormones by the endocrine system may also f…
produces effects that can last for hours, days or even longer
release their secreations into the bloodstream
regulating
response patterns in the endocrine system are particularly ef…
neurotransmitters
compounds used as hormones by the endocrine system may also f…
17 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System
started on slide 27
Cortisol lowers your:
The destruction of cells of the adrena…
Primary adrenal insufficiecy from any…
...
Immune function
Autoimmune attack
Addison's disease
started on slide 27
...
Cortisol lowers your:
Immune function
22 terms
The endocrine system chapter 10
intercellular communication
similarities of 2 systems
structures classes of hormones
amino acid served hormones
intercellular communication
similarities of 2 systems
27 terms
Chapter 10: Endocrine System
Islets of Langerhans
exocrine glands
endocrine glands
Triiodothyroxine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4)
specialized hormone-producing cells in the pancreas
secrete substances into ducts directed toward a specific loca…
secrete hormones into the bloodstream. (aka ductless glands)
produced in the thyroid gland. Regulate metabolism of carbs,…
Islets of Langerhans
specialized hormone-producing cells in the pancreas
exocrine glands
secrete substances into ducts directed toward a specific loca…
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