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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 10 muscles"

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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 10 muscles"

55 terms
Chapter 10 Muscles Physiology
contractile
contraction
relaxation
skeletal muscles
What type of tissue are muscles _____? They change in length-…
Shortens in length
Return to original length (Lots of energy expended) They prod…
Muscles that attaches to bone
contractile
What type of tissue are muscles _____? They change in length-…
contraction
Shortens in length
Chapter 10 Muscle Physiology
6 functions of skeletal muscles
epimysium
endomysium
tendon
1. produce skeletal movement... 2. maintain body position... 3. sup…
the dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds an entire…
the delicate connective tissue that surrounds the skeletal mu…
a bundle of collagen fibers at the end of a skeletal muscle t…
6 functions of skeletal muscles
1. produce skeletal movement... 2. maintain body position... 3. sup…
epimysium
the dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds an entire…
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10: Muscles
The main functions of the muscular sys…
5 properties or characteristics of mus…
Why is skeletal muscle an organ?
Order of structures from large to smal…
1. Movement... 2. Heat Production/Temperature Regulation... 3. Prot…
1. Excitability... 2. Conductibility... 3. Contractibility ... 4. Exte…
It has multiple tissues. ... 1. Connective tissue... 2. Nervous tis…
Whole muscle, fascicle, fiber, myofibril, sarcomere
The main functions of the muscular sys…
1. Movement... 2. Heat Production/Temperature Regulation... 3. Prot…
5 properties or characteristics of mus…
1. Excitability... 2. Conductibility... 3. Contractibility ... 4. Exte…
10 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 10 muscles
Functions of muscles
Muscle anatomy
Fascia
deep fascia
Movement, maintain posture and prevent movement, control of o…
Connective tissue layers and wrappings that support and surro…
Functions of muscles
Movement, maintain posture and prevent movement, control of o…
Muscle anatomy
59 terms
Anatomy and physiology muscles chapter 10 Saladin
Myo-
Muscle system
-Logy
Mus-
Muscle
Composed of only the skeletal muscles. There are about 600 to…
Study of
Mouse
Myo-
Muscle
Muscle system
Composed of only the skeletal muscles. There are about 600 to…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Contraction cycle
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Contraction cycle
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
61 terms
Chapter 10- Muscle Tissue and Physiology
muscle tension
features of skeletal muscle cells
features of cardiac muscle cells
features of smooth muscle cells
a force generated by all 3 types of muscle cells
multiple nuclei... striations... long and straight
single nucleus... striations... intercalated discs (type of junction)
single nucleus... tightly packed together... no striations
muscle tension
a force generated by all 3 types of muscle cells
features of skeletal muscle cells
multiple nuclei... striations... long and straight
145 terms
Muscle Tissue & Physiology (Chapter 10)
generate a force called muscle tension…
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
long muscle cells arranged parallel, c…
contractibility, excitability, conduct…
functions of muscle tissue
three types of muscle tissue
skeletal muscle characteristics
properties of muscle cells
generate a force called muscle tension…
functions of muscle tissue
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
three types of muscle tissue
95 terms
Chapter 10 - Muscle Physiology
Five functions of muscle
3 types of muscle tissue
What is electrical excitability?
What is extensibility?
Produce body movement, Stabilize body position, Regulate orga…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Property of muscle tissue that means it can produce electrica…
Property of muscle tissue to stretch without being damaged
Five functions of muscle
Produce body movement, Stabilize body position, Regulate orga…
3 types of muscle tissue
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
39 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 - Muscles
Functions of muscles
Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle Tis…
Exictability
Conductivity
1. Movement... 2. Maintain posture... a) Some muscles continually c…
1. Exictability... 2. Conductivity... 3. Contractility... 4. Elasticit…
Ability to respond to nervous system stimulation
Ability to produce an electrical signal that travels along mu…
Functions of muscles
1. Movement... 2. Maintain posture... a) Some muscles continually c…
Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle Tis…
1. Exictability... 2. Conductivity... 3. Contractility... 4. Elasticit…
Chapter 10 Muscle Physiology
Functions of skeletal muscle
Epimysum
Endomysium
Tendon
Skeletal movement, support soft tissue, maintain temp., maint…
Dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds an entire ske…
Delicate connective tissue that surrounds the skeletal muscle…
Bundle of collagen fibers and the end of a skeletal muscle th…
Functions of skeletal muscle
Skeletal movement, support soft tissue, maintain temp., maint…
Epimysum
Dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds an entire ske…
131 terms
Muscle Tissue and Muscle Physiology- Chapter 10
myology
3 types of muscular tissue:
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
the study o muscles, including organs and tissues
1. skeletal muscle ... 2. smooth muscle ... 3. cardiac muscle
-multinucleated (bc originate from myoblasts that fused toget…
-uninucleated- one nucleus/cell... -nonstriated... -pointed out at…
myology
the study o muscles, including organs and tissues
3 types of muscular tissue:
1. skeletal muscle ... 2. smooth muscle ... 3. cardiac muscle
47 terms
chapter 10 Muscle (physiology)
Skeletal muscle
myoblasts
sarcolemma & sarcoplasm
myofibrils
muscle, fascicle, fiber (cell)... myoblasts... sarcolemma & sarco…
fuse to produce mature muscle fiber
T tubules... sarcoplasmic reticulum... terminal cisternae... triad
myofilaments
Skeletal muscle
muscle, fascicle, fiber (cell)... myoblasts... sarcolemma & sarco…
myoblasts
fuse to produce mature muscle fiber
37 terms
Chapter 10 Muscle Physiology
Muscle cells
Skeletal and cardiac muscles
Smooth muscles
5 properties common to all muscle cells
Myocytes
have striations, and mulitnucleated
no striation
contractibility-ability of cells to contract... excitability-res…
Muscle cells
Myocytes
Skeletal and cardiac muscles
have striations, and mulitnucleated
81 terms
Chapter 10 Muscle physiology
Muscle tissue function
3 Muscle types
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Generate force- muscle tension
Skeletal (striated)... Cardiac (striated + intercalated disks)... S…
Long parallel cells... Called fibers for length... Multinucliated... V…
Heart only... Short branched multinucliated cells... Intercalated d…
Muscle tissue function
Generate force- muscle tension
3 Muscle types
Skeletal (striated)... Cardiac (striated + intercalated disks)... S…
50 terms
Chapter 10: Muscle Physiology
tendonitis
carpal tunnel syndrome
ergonomics
muscular dystrophy
inflammation of a tendon; can be caused by injury or infectio…
one of the most common forms of tendonitis; tendons in the wr…
a branch of engineering in which tools and other devices are…
genetic disease causing progressive muscle tissue loss
tendonitis
inflammation of a tendon; can be caused by injury or infectio…
carpal tunnel syndrome
one of the most common forms of tendonitis; tendons in the wr…
58 terms
Chapter 10: Muscle Physiology
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Contractility
Striated, very long, arranged parallel to one another, multin…
Non-striated, long and flat, spindle-shaped, centrally locate…
Cells are short and branched, one or two nuclei, intercalated…
The ability to contract where proteins in the cell draw close…
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Striated, very long, arranged parallel to one another, multin…
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Non-striated, long and flat, spindle-shaped, centrally locate…
269 terms
chapter 10 muscle physiology
cardiac, skeletal, smooth muscles make…
3 major characteristics of muscle tissue
what is excitability
what is the electrical signal called
50
1. excitability... 2. contractility... 3. elasticity
can conduct a electrical signal
action potential
cardiac, skeletal, smooth muscles make…
50
3 major characteristics of muscle tissue
1. excitability... 2. contractility... 3. elasticity
75 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy and Physiology (Muscles)
"Undoes"
Synergistic muscles, antagonistic musc…
Muscles with same or cooperative funct…
Muscles with opposing functions.
What One Muscle Group "Does" another...
Functional Groups
Synergistic Muscles
Antagonistic Muscles
"Undoes"
What One Muscle Group "Does" another...
Synergistic muscles, antagonistic musc…
Functional Groups
145 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscles (Mrs. Jemison)
Epicranius (frontal belly)
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oculi
Action: Raises eyebrows
Action: closes eye
Origin: Frontal and maxillary bone
Insertion: skin around eye
Epicranius (frontal belly)
Action: Raises eyebrows
Orbicularis oculi
Action: closes eye
17 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10 - Identification of Muscles
Prime movers
Antagonists
Synergists
Fixators
provide the major force for producing a specific movement
oppose or reverse a particular movement
add force to a movement and reduce unnecessary movement
synergists that immobilize a bone of muscle's origin
Prime movers
provide the major force for producing a specific movement
Antagonists
oppose or reverse a particular movement
50 terms
chapter 10 muscle physiology
functions of the skeletal muscle
dense layer of connective tissue surro…
delicate layer of connective tissue th…
bundle of collagen fibers at the end o…
-produce skeletal movement... -maintain body position... -support s…
epimysium
endomysium
tendon
functions of the skeletal muscle
-produce skeletal movement... -maintain body position... -support s…
dense layer of connective tissue surro…
epimysium
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle
Orbicularis oculi... O: Frontal bone... I: T…
Frontalis ... O: Epicranial aponeurosis... I…
Occipitalis ... O: Occipital bone ... I: Epi…
Zygomaticus ... O: Zygomatic bone... I: Skin…
Orbicularis oculi... O: Frontal bone... I: T…
Frontalis ... O: Epicranial aponeurosis... I…
85 terms
Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue and Physiology
Types of muscle tissue
Muscle Tension
Functions of muscle tissue
Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal, Cardiac and Smooth
A Force; a basic function common to each muscle tissue type
Create movement; maintain posture; stabilize joints; generate…
Striated; made up of long muscle cells arranged parallel to o…
Types of muscle tissue
Skeletal, Cardiac and Smooth
Muscle Tension
A Force; a basic function common to each muscle tissue type
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle
Orbicularis oculi... O: Frontal bone... I: T…
Frontalis ... O: Epicranial aponeurosis... I…
Occipitalis ... O: Occipital bone ... I: Epi…
Zygomaticus ... O: Zygomatic bone... I: Skin…
Orbicularis oculi... O: Frontal bone... I: T…
Frontalis ... O: Epicranial aponeurosis... I…
58 terms
Chapter 10: Muscle Physiology
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Contractility
Striated, very long, arranged parallel to one another, multin…
Non-striated, long and flat, spindle-shaped, centrally locate…
Cells are short and branched, one or two nuclei, intercalated…
The ability to contract where proteins in the cell draw close…
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Striated, very long, arranged parallel to one another, multin…
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Non-striated, long and flat, spindle-shaped, centrally locate…
29 terms
Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
What are the 3 types of cells in muscl…
What function do all three muscle tiss…
What do both skeletal & cardiac muscle…
Smooth muscle is different because
Skeletal, cardiac and smooth
generates muscle tension (force)
they both have striated muscle cells
smooth muscle consists of unstriated muscle groups
What are the 3 types of cells in muscl…
Skeletal, cardiac and smooth
What function do all three muscle tiss…
generates muscle tension (force)
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, joint stability, posture maintenance, heat generation
Excitability, extensibility, elasticity, Contractility
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, voluntary, skeleton
Muscle functions
Movement, joint stability, posture maintenance, heat generation
Properties of muscle tissue
Excitability, extensibility, elasticity, Contractility
30 terms
Chapter 10-11 Anatomy and Physiology: Muscles
Buccinator
Masseter
Orbicularic Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Pulls corners of mouth outwards... -compresses cheek for whistl…
Jaw Muscle... -Elevates jaw temporalis
Around Eye... -Closes eyes, blinking, squinting, etc.
Around Mouth... -Closes lips
Buccinator
Pulls corners of mouth outwards... -compresses cheek for whistl…
Masseter
Jaw Muscle... -Elevates jaw temporalis
32 terms
Physiology Ch 10 Muscles
Functions of muscles
Heat production
Sarcolemma
Transverse tubules (T-tubules)
Movement, heat production, posture and supporting organs
Heat is a product of metabolism and muscles generate ~85% of…
Plasma membrane
Extensions of the sarcolemma which carry the action potential…
Functions of muscles
Movement, heat production, posture and supporting organs
Heat production
Heat is a product of metabolism and muscles generate ~85% of…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Functions of Skeletal Muscles
Properties of muscle tissue
Skeletal Muscle Structures
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Produce skeletal movement, maintain body position, suppotryin…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Muscle tissues, connective tissues, nerves, blood vessels
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Functions of Skeletal Muscles
Produce skeletal movement, maintain body position, suppotryin…
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasti…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
111 terms
SUNY JCC Anatomy and Physiology 1 chapter 10 muscles
Fascicles
Perimysium
Epimysium
Myosatellite cells
Bundles of muscle fibers
Dense irregular collagenous connective tissue surrounding fas…
Dense irregular collagenous connective tissue layer around ac…
Stem cells that help repair damaged muscle tissue embryonic m…
Fascicles
Bundles of muscle fibers
Perimysium
Dense irregular collagenous connective tissue surrounding fas…
98 terms
Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue and Physiology
Skeletal Muscle has how many nuclei?
Cardiac Muscle has how many nuclei?
Myocytes
Sacroplasm
Multiple Nuclei
One or two nuclei
Muscle Cells
The myocyte's cytoplasm
Skeletal Muscle has how many nuclei?
Multiple Nuclei
Cardiac Muscle has how many nuclei?
One or two nuclei
71 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 - Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
12 terms
chapter 10 muscle anatomy and physiology
Excitability
Contractility
Extensibility
Elasticity
nerve signals or other factors excite muscle cells, causing e…
muscle cells shorten and generate a strong pulling force as t…
muscle tissue can be stretched by the contraction of an oppos…
after being stretched, muscle tissue can recoil passively and…
Excitability
nerve signals or other factors excite muscle cells, causing e…
Contractility
muscle cells shorten and generate a strong pulling force as t…
113 terms
Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue and Physiology
3 Types of Muscle Tissue:
Other functions of the muscle tissue a…
Striated muscle tissue:
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
skeletal... cardiac... smooth
-Create movement... -Maintain posture... -Stabilize joints... -Generat…
Cardiac... Skeletal
-Striated... -Under voluntary control... -Multiple nuclei... -most are…
3 Types of Muscle Tissue:
skeletal... cardiac... smooth
Other functions of the muscle tissue a…
-Create movement... -Maintain posture... -Stabilize joints... -Generat…
84 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology-- Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue
Primary function of muscle
Three types of muscular tissue
Skeletal muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
to change chemical energy into mechanical energy to produce m…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
striated, under voluntary control, and MOVES BONES OF SKELETON
striated, under involuntary control, and PUMPS BLOOD with aut…
Primary function of muscle
to change chemical energy into mechanical energy to produce m…
Three types of muscular tissue
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Functions of Muscle
Skeletal Muscle Structure
3 layers of skeletal muscle structure
Skeletal muscle
1.) Movement... 2.) Heat Production - homeostatic ... maintenance…
Muscle tissue (muscle cells or fibers)... Connective tissues... Ner…
Epimysium, Perimysium, Endomysium
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Functions of Muscle
1.) Movement... 2.) Heat Production - homeostatic ... maintenance…
Skeletal Muscle Structure
Muscle tissue (muscle cells or fibers)... Connective tissues... Ner…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Striated, multinucleated, voluntary
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Properties of muscle tissue
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
52 terms
Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue & Physiology
Muscle tension
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth Muscle
Generating a force
Muscle cells parallel, fibers, multinucliated, voluntary,
Cells short, high branched, 1-2 nuclei, has gap junctions and…
No striations,spindle-shaped, 1 nucleus, involuntary, synchro…
Muscle tension
Generating a force
Skeletal muscle
Muscle cells parallel, fibers, multinucliated, voluntary,
22 terms
Chapter 10- Muscle Tissue & Physiology
Myocytes
Sarcoplasma
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
muscle cells
cytoplasm
plasma membrane, phospholipid bilayer
-forms a weblike network surrounding the myofibrils... -stores &…
Myocytes
muscle cells
Sarcoplasma
cytoplasm
10 terms
Chapter 10- Muscle Tissue and Physiology
sarcoplasm
sarcolemma
myofibrils
sarcoplasmic reticulum
cytoplasm of the muscle cell/ fiber
plasma membrane of the muscle cell/ fiber (phosophlipid bilay…
cylindrical organelles of the muscle cell/ fiber
modified smooth endoplasmic reticulum, forms a weblike networ…
sarcoplasm
cytoplasm of the muscle cell/ fiber
sarcolemma
plasma membrane of the muscle cell/ fiber (phosophlipid bilay…
47 terms
Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue and Physiology
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
Myocytes
overlapping actin and myosin, unbranched, voluntary, multinuc…
branched, involuntary, contains intercalated discs, uninucleate
no striations, spindle shaped, involuntary, uninucleate, foun…
muscle cells
Skeletal muscle
overlapping actin and myosin, unbranched, voluntary, multinuc…
Cardiac muscle
branched, involuntary, contains intercalated discs, uninucleate
13 terms
Chapter 10: Muscle Tissue/Physiology (A&P)
Movement, Thermoreg, Support
Myosin head, ATP binding site, Actin b…
Actin, troponin, tropomyosin
Sliding filament mechanism
Functions of muscle tissue (THREE)
Components of thick filament
Components of thin filament
Thin filaments slide over thick filaments, by the z discs pul…
Movement, Thermoreg, Support
Functions of muscle tissue (THREE)
Myosin head, ATP binding site, Actin b…
Components of thick filament
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