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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 10"

424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
196 terms
Systems Physiology: Chapter 10
Special Senses
Somatic Senses
Proprioception
Proprioceptors
- Vision, touch, hearing, taste, smell, equilibrium
- Touch, temperature, pain, itch, proprioception
- The awareness of body movement and position in space
- The muscles and joint sensory receptors that mediate propri…
Special Senses
- Vision, touch, hearing, taste, smell, equilibrium
Somatic Senses
- Touch, temperature, pain, itch, proprioception
128 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Axon
Dendrite
Synapse
Cell Body
Axon
Dendrite
94 terms
Physiology - Chapter 10 - Sensory Physiology
Perceptions of the world are created b…
Sensory receptors respond to a particu…
_______ transduce (change) different f…
Dendritic endings of sensory neurons (4)
Perceptions of the world are created by the brain from AP sen…
(differences in neural pathways and synaptic connections) of…
receptors
Free: ... Encapsulated: ... Rods and cones: ... Modified epithelial ce…
Perceptions of the world are created b…
Perceptions of the world are created by the brain from AP sen…
Sensory receptors respond to a particu…
(differences in neural pathways and synaptic connections) of…
69 terms
Chapter 10: sensory Physiology
Sensory input is crucial for
SENSATION:
PERCEPTION:
TRANSDUCTION:
our interactions with the environment around us and maintenan…
you become aware of stimulation
interpretation of stimulus
taking stimulus energy and turning it into an actin potential
Sensory input is crucial for
our interactions with the environment around us and maintenan…
SENSATION:
you become aware of stimulation
105 terms
Chapter 10 Physiology
Perception
Visceral receptors
Somatosensory System
Sensory receptors
-Conscious interpretation of the world based on sensory syste…
-Detect stimuli that arise within the body... -Chemoreceptors... -B…
-Necessary for perception of sensations associated with recep…
-detect specific form of energy (modality) in the external en…
Perception
-Conscious interpretation of the world based on sensory syste…
Visceral receptors
-Detect stimuli that arise within the body... -Chemoreceptors... -B…
112 terms
Physiology chapter 10
Does the composition of blood remain r…
Why do organs some organs recieve more…
Can the organs tolerate reductions in…
What is the only organ that will not t…
yes
for reconditioning.... Digestive-picking up nutrients... Skin- elim…
Yes they can, this would occur during sympathetic stimulation
brain... Will suffer irreeparable damage if depreives for 4 minu…
Does the composition of blood remain r…
yes
Why do organs some organs recieve more…
for reconditioning.... Digestive-picking up nutrients... Skin- elim…
Chapter 10: Sense Physiology
Mechanoreceptor
Nociceptor
Chemoreceptor
Photoreceptors
Normal Stimulus: mechanical force (applied pressure)... Mechanis…
Normal Stimulus: tissue damage... Mechanism: damaged tissue rele…
Normal Stimulus: dissolved chemicals... Mechanism: chemical inte…
Normal Stimulus: Light... Mechanism: photochemical reaction affe…
Mechanoreceptor
Normal Stimulus: mechanical force (applied pressure)... Mechanis…
Nociceptor
Normal Stimulus: tissue damage... Mechanism: damaged tissue rele…
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 10
Corrugator
Obicularis Oculi
Obicularis Ori
Masseter
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Closing mouth... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Chewing up and down... N: Cranial Nerve 5 (Trigeminal Nerve)
Corrugator
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
Obicularis Oculi
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
14 terms
Chapter 10 Physiology Roots
aster
ax
bi
dendr
star like
axle
two
tree
aster
star like
ax
axle
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Contraction cycle
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Contraction cycle
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
13 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Receptive field
Two point discrimination test
Perceptual threshold
inhibitory modulation
Area of neuron where activating stimulus falls
Determines sensitivity to touch convergence
Level of stimulus intensity necessary for you to be aware of…
Diminishes suprathreshold stimuli until it is below the perce…
Receptive field
Area of neuron where activating stimulus falls
Two point discrimination test
Determines sensitivity to touch convergence
Chapter 10 Muscle Physiology
6 functions of skeletal muscles
epimysium
endomysium
tendon
1. produce skeletal movement... 2. maintain body position... 3. sup…
the dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds an entire…
the delicate connective tissue that surrounds the skeletal mu…
a bundle of collagen fibers at the end of a skeletal muscle t…
6 functions of skeletal muscles
1. produce skeletal movement... 2. maintain body position... 3. sup…
epimysium
the dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds an entire…
29 terms
Chapter 10 Sensory Physiology
Sensation
Perception
General Pathway of Sensation and Perce…
Reception
Detecting physical energy from external/ internal stimuli and…
Selection, organization, and interpretation of sensation... We d…
Stimulus--(reception)--> Sensory Receptors--(transduction)---…
Absorption of physical energy (stimulus) by sensry receptors…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from external/ internal stimuli and…
Perception
Selection, organization, and interpretation of sensation... We d…
162 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
arteries
arterioles
capillaries
venules
carry blood away from the heart to the tissues
are smaller branches of arteries within organs
are the smallest vessels across which all exchanges are made
are small veins formed when capillaries rejoin
arteries
carry blood away from the heart to the tissues
arterioles
are smaller branches of arteries within organs
199 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 10
what is the muscular system
how many muscles are in the human body
what is myology
what are the 5 functions of muscles
composed of the skeletal muscles only
over 600 muscles in the human muscular system
study of the muscular system
movement, stability, control of body openings and passages, h…
what is the muscular system
composed of the skeletal muscles only
how many muscles are in the human body
over 600 muscles in the human muscular system
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 10
4 Lobes of the Cerebrum
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Temporal
Speech and language part of the brain
Sounds and memory part of the brain
Vision part of the brain
4 Lobes of the Cerebrum
Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Temporal
Frontal Lobe
Speech and language part of the brain
33 terms
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
sense chemical stimuli in the environment or the blood ... (tast…
rods and cones in the retina of the eye
respond to heat and cold
touch and pressure receptors in the skin and hair cells
Chemoreceptors
sense chemical stimuli in the environment or the blood ... (tast…
Photoreceptors
rods and cones in the retina of the eye
55 terms
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology
Receptive field
Small receptive field
Lateral inhibition
Why do people have an emotional reacti…
area whose stimulation results in firing of one neuron
good acuity and have many neurons :. more brain real estate
an excited neuron will laterally inhibit surrounding neurons…
nocireceptors send signals to the limbic system (handles emot…
Receptive field
area whose stimulation results in firing of one neuron
Small receptive field
good acuity and have many neurons :. more brain real estate
80 terms
Physiology: Chapter 10 Sensory
What do Sensory Receptors do?
Each Sensory Receptor is most sensitiv…
The Different ways to categorize Recep…
Functional Categories of sensory recep…
Transduce Different forms of energy(Sensory Info) in the "rea…
It's particular sensory stimulus to which it was designed to.…
By function and by method of response
1)Chemoreceptos... 2)Photoreceptors... 3)Thermoreceptors... 4)Mechanor…
What do Sensory Receptors do?
Transduce Different forms of energy(Sensory Info) in the "rea…
Each Sensory Receptor is most sensitiv…
It's particular sensory stimulus to which it was designed to.…
Physiology Chapter 10
Sensory Receptors
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Transduce different forms of energy in the "real world" into…
Sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood... T…
Sense light
Respond to cold or heat
Sensory Receptors
Transduce different forms of energy in the "real world" into…
Chemoreceptors
Sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood... T…
424 terms
EE 13: Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
74 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Sensation
Projection
Sensory adaptation
Sensory Nerve Fibers
Is a feeling that occurs when sensory impulses are intreprete…
The brain projects the sensation back to its apparent source.…
diminished sensitivity as a consequence of constant stimulation
react to heat, cold, touch, pressure, and pain. these sensory…
Sensation
Is a feeling that occurs when sensory impulses are intreprete…
Projection
The brain projects the sensation back to its apparent source.…
64 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 10: Blood
blood
blood
formed elements
plasma
"river of life" that transports everything that must be carri…
complex connective tissue
living blood cells
nonliving blood fluid matrix
blood
"river of life" that transports everything that must be carri…
blood
complex connective tissue
93 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
afferent division in PSN
transduction
modality
photoreceptors
detects, encodes & transmits peripheral signals to the CNS... es…
converting forms of energy (senses) into electrical signals (…
type of stimulus
visible wavelengths of light
afferent division in PSN
detects, encodes & transmits peripheral signals to the CNS... es…
transduction
converting forms of energy (senses) into electrical signals (…
33 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Sensory receptors
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
-(convert energy into a different form) different forms of en…
sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood... -T…
sense light
respond to cold or heat
Sensory receptors
-(convert energy into a different form) different forms of en…
Chemoreceptors
sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood... -T…
55 terms
Chapter 10 Muscles Physiology
contractile
contraction
relaxation
skeletal muscles
What type of tissue are muscles _____? They change in length-…
Shortens in length
Return to original length (Lots of energy expended) They prod…
Muscles that attaches to bone
contractile
What type of tissue are muscles _____? They change in length-…
contraction
Shortens in length
18 terms
Physiology - Chapter 10
Sensation
Perception
Receptors
Transduction
Input from the peripheral nervous system to the central nervo…
Conscious interpretation of that input - Detecting light ener…
specialized organs... Examples... Vision... Hearing... Taste... Smell
the conversion of energy from one form to another
Sensation
Input from the peripheral nervous system to the central nervo…
Perception
Conscious interpretation of that input - Detecting light ener…
83 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 10
Skin (integument)
Integumentary System
Structure of the skin
Thin & thick skin
Body's largest organ... -measures approximately 1.6 to 1.9 m^2 (…
-integumentary is made up of the skin and its appendages
-cutaneous membrane... -two primary layers: epidermis & dermis;…
-thin skin covers most of the body's surface (1-3 mm thick)... -…
Skin (integument)
Body's largest organ... -measures approximately 1.6 to 1.9 m^2 (…
Integumentary System
-integumentary is made up of the skin and its appendages
61 terms
Exercise Physiology Chapter 10
Functions of the Cardiovascular System
Average Heart Rate
Bradycardia
Tachycardia
Delivers O2 to tissues... Aerates blood returned to the lungs, O…
70 bpm
<60 bpm
>100 bpm
Functions of the Cardiovascular System
Delivers O2 to tissues... Aerates blood returned to the lungs, O…
Average Heart Rate
70 bpm
62 terms
Physiology - Chapter 10 - Sensory Physiology
gustation
olfaction
accomodation
olfactory
Pertaining to the sense of taste.
Pertaining to the sense of smell.
The process by which the eye adjusts to the shape of the lens…
Which sensory pathway does not pass through the thalamus?
gustation
Pertaining to the sense of taste.
olfaction
Pertaining to the sense of smell.
33 terms
Chapter 10: Muscular Physiology
3 Types of Muscular Tissue:
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
1. skeletal muscle (voluntary)... 2. cardiac muscle (involuntary…
-skeleton... -striations and multi nucleated ... -move bones
-heart... -one nucleus, striated, and intercalated discs... -pumps…
-various organs... -various functions... -one nucleus and no striat…
3 Types of Muscular Tissue:
1. skeletal muscle (voluntary)... 2. cardiac muscle (involuntary…
Skeletal muscle
-skeleton... -striations and multi nucleated ... -move bones
61 terms
Chapter 10- Muscle Tissue and Physiology
muscle tension
features of skeletal muscle cells
features of cardiac muscle cells
features of smooth muscle cells
a force generated by all 3 types of muscle cells
multiple nuclei... striations... long and straight
single nucleus... striations... intercalated discs (type of junction)
single nucleus... tightly packed together... no striations
muscle tension
a force generated by all 3 types of muscle cells
features of skeletal muscle cells
multiple nuclei... striations... long and straight
Physiology Chapter 10
Sensory Receptors
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
- transduce (convert energy into a different form) different…
sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood
sense light
respond to heat or cold
Sensory Receptors
- transduce (convert energy into a different form) different…
Chemoreceptors
sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood
36 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Sensory receptors
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
How you realize whats going on... -Change energy into nerve impu…
-sense chemicals "taste, smell" or within our blood... (Ligan ga…
- Sense light
-Respond to cold or heat
Sensory receptors
How you realize whats going on... -Change energy into nerve impu…
Chemoreceptors
-sense chemicals "taste, smell" or within our blood... (Ligan ga…
162 terms
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology
Stimulus processing can either be
What are some special senses that are…
What are some somatic senses that are…
What are some somatic stimuli that are…
conscious or unconscious
Vision, hearing, taste, smell, and equilibrium.
Touch, temperature, pain, itch, and proprioception.
Muscle length and tension and prioception.
Stimulus processing can either be
conscious or unconscious
What are some special senses that are…
Vision, hearing, taste, smell, and equilibrium.
8 terms
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology
Functional Organization of the Nervous…
General Senses
Special Senses
Perception of sensation involves:... ALL…
Sensory inputs (eyes, ears) feed into nerves and neurons (arm…
Associated with skin (somatic) ie. touch, pressure, propiorec…
Associated with highly specialized receptors like taste, smel…
1. External physical signals (light)... 2. Converted by physiolo…
Functional Organization of the Nervous…
Sensory inputs (eyes, ears) feed into nerves and neurons (arm…
General Senses
Associated with skin (somatic) ie. touch, pressure, propiorec…
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Nervous System
CNS
PNS
3 Major Functions
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
12 pairs of cranial nerves ... 31 pairs of spinal nerves
Sensory ... Integrative ... Motor
Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
CNS
Brain and Spinal Cord
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
71 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Arachnoid
Dura mater
Epidural space
Meninges
cob-web like middle layer of the meninges
tough outermost layer of the meninges
fat filled space between the vertebrae and dura mater
three connective tissue membranes covering the brain and spin…
Arachnoid
cob-web like middle layer of the meninges
Dura mater
tough outermost layer of the meninges
80 terms
physiology chapter 10
peripheral nervous system
receptors
photoreceptors
mechanoreceptors
o Consists of nerve fibers that carry information between the…
o Structures at peripheral endings of afferent neurons ... o Det…
visible wavelengths of light... Responsive to visible wavelengt…
mechanical energy
peripheral nervous system
o Consists of nerve fibers that carry information between the…
receptors
o Structures at peripheral endings of afferent neurons ... o Det…
26 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Gross energy expenditure
Net Energy expenditure
Economy of movement
Mechanical Efficiency
Total energy required for an activity is known as:
Gross energy expenditure MINUS resting energy expenditure is…
Refers to the energy required to maintain a constant velocity…
Reflects the amount of energy transferred into doing work (ra…
Gross energy expenditure
Total energy required for an activity is known as:
Net Energy expenditure
Gross energy expenditure MINUS resting energy expenditure is…
91 terms
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
sense chemical stimuli in the environment or the blood ... (tast…
rods and cones in the retina of the eye
respond to heat and cold
touch and pressure receptors in the skin and hair cells
Chemoreceptors
sense chemical stimuli in the environment or the blood ... (tast…
Photoreceptors
rods and cones in the retina of the eye
54 terms
Chapter 10 Sensory Physiology
What do sensory receptors do?
What do different modalities of sensat…
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
sensory receptors transduce (convert energy into a different…
- differences in neural pathways and synaptic connections... - i…
sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood
sense light
What do sensory receptors do?
sensory receptors transduce (convert energy into a different…
What do different modalities of sensat…
- differences in neural pathways and synaptic connections... - i…
145 terms
Muscle Tissue & Physiology (Chapter 10)
generate a force called muscle tension…
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
long muscle cells arranged parallel, c…
contractibility, excitability, conduct…
functions of muscle tissue
three types of muscle tissue
skeletal muscle characteristics
properties of muscle cells
generate a force called muscle tension…
functions of muscle tissue
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
three types of muscle tissue
32 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 10 review
cerebellum
myoneural
astrocytes
hypothalamus
part of the brain responsible for coordinating movements and…
pertaining to the muscle cells and nerves
glial cells
part of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water ba…
cerebellum
part of the brain responsible for coordinating movements and…
myoneural
pertaining to the muscle cells and nerves
66 terms
Chapter 10 Physiology
conscious
unconscious
sensory components
transmission
sensation, special senses and some proprioception
no sensation, visceral some proprioception
stimulus, receptor(transductor), transmission, integration
primary to sensory to sensory, PNS, spinal cord to brain
conscious
sensation, special senses and some proprioception
unconscious
no sensation, visceral some proprioception
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Blood
Albumin
Hemoglobin
7.35-7.45
5 million
The plasma protein that contributes to the osmotic pressure o…
The iron-containing protein found in RBCs that transport the…
Normal pH of blood
Normal number of erythrocytes in a cubic millimeter of blood
Albumin
The plasma protein that contributes to the osmotic pressure o…
Hemoglobin
The iron-containing protein found in RBCs that transport the…
29 terms
Physiology- Chapter 10
Sensory
Visceral Afferent
Somatosensory System
somatic
external environment
internal environment
sensations of the skin
sensations of skin
Sensory
external environment
Visceral Afferent
internal environment
64 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
free nerve endings
enclosed nerve endings
specialized receptor
conscious senses
most sensitive type of sensory receptor
receptors that respond to pressure and vibration
receptors that are non neuronal primary receptors that releas…
touch, vision, hearing, taste, smell, equilibrium, pain, itch…
free nerve endings
most sensitive type of sensory receptor
enclosed nerve endings
receptors that respond to pressure and vibration
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