Study sets matching "physiology chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 10"

Systems Physiology: Chapter 10
Special Senses
Somatic Senses
Proprioception
Proprioceptors
- Vision, touch, hearing, taste, smell, equilibrium
- Touch, temperature, pain, itch, proprioception
- The awareness of body movement and position in space
- The muscles and joint sensory receptors that mediate propri…
Special Senses
- Vision, touch, hearing, taste, smell, equilibrium
Somatic Senses
- Touch, temperature, pain, itch, proprioception
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
112 terms
Physiology chapter 10
Does the composition of blood remain r…
Why do organs some organs recieve more…
Can the organs tolerate reductions in…
What is the only organ that will not t…
yes
for reconditioning.... Digestive-picking up nutrients... Skin- elim…
Yes they can, this would occur during sympathetic stimulation
brain... Will suffer irreeparable damage if depreives for 4 minu…
Does the composition of blood remain r…
yes
Why do organs some organs recieve more…
for reconditioning.... Digestive-picking up nutrients... Skin- elim…
Chapter 10: sensory Physiology
Sensory input is crucial for
SENSATION:
PERCEPTION:
TRANSDUCTION:
our interactions with the environment around us and maintenan…
you become aware of stimulation
interpretation of stimulus
taking stimulus energy and turning it into an actin potential
Sensory input is crucial for
our interactions with the environment around us and maintenan…
SENSATION:
you become aware of stimulation
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 10- Senses
Chemoreceptors
Pain Receptors
Thermoceptors
Mechanoreceptors
respond to changes in chemical concentrations
respond to chemicals released during tissue damage
respond to changes in temperature
respond to mechanical forces
Chemoreceptors
respond to changes in chemical concentrations
Pain Receptors
respond to chemicals released during tissue damage
Chapter 10: Sense Physiology
Mechanoreceptor
Nociceptor
Chemoreceptor
Photoreceptors
Normal Stimulus: mechanical force (applied pressure)... Mechanis…
Normal Stimulus: tissue damage... Mechanism: damaged tissue rele…
Normal Stimulus: dissolved chemicals... Mechanism: chemical inte…
Normal Stimulus: Light... Mechanism: photochemical reaction affe…
Mechanoreceptor
Normal Stimulus: mechanical force (applied pressure)... Mechanis…
Nociceptor
Normal Stimulus: tissue damage... Mechanism: damaged tissue rele…
128 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Axon
Dendrite
Synapse
Cell Body
Axon
Dendrite
105 terms
Chapter 10 Physiology
Perception
Visceral receptors
Somatosensory System
Sensory receptors
-Conscious interpretation of the world based on sensory syste…
-Detect stimuli that arise within the body... -Chemoreceptors... -B…
-Necessary for perception of sensations associated with recep…
-detect specific form of energy (modality) in the external en…
Perception
-Conscious interpretation of the world based on sensory syste…
Visceral receptors
-Detect stimuli that arise within the body... -Chemoreceptors... -B…
14 terms
Chapter 10 Physiology Roots
aster
ax
bi
dendr
star like
axle
two
tree
aster
star like
ax
axle
Physiology: Chapter 10- Sensory Physiology Vision
phototransduction in rods: with no light
phototransduction in rods: with light
phototransduction in rods: recovery ph…
Melanin
tonic release of NT glutamate... pNa+ and pCa+2 > pK+... RMP=-40mV;…
NT release decreases in proportion to amount of light... -light…
retina recombines with opsin to form rhodopsin... -going from li…
absorbs light in pigment
phototransduction in rods: with no light
tonic release of NT glutamate... pNa+ and pCa+2 > pK+... RMP=-40mV;…
phototransduction in rods: with light
NT release decreases in proportion to amount of light... -light…
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 10
Corrugator
Obicularis Oculi
Obicularis Ori
Masseter
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Closing mouth... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Chewing up and down... N: Cranial Nerve 5 (Trigeminal Nerve)
Corrugator
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
Obicularis Oculi
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
74 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Sensation
Projection
Sensory adaptation
Sensory Nerve Fibers
Is a feeling that occurs when sensory impulses are intreprete…
The brain projects the sensation back to its apparent source.…
diminished sensitivity as a consequence of constant stimulation
react to heat, cold, touch, pressure, and pain. these sensory…
Sensation
Is a feeling that occurs when sensory impulses are intreprete…
Projection
The brain projects the sensation back to its apparent source.…
93 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
afferent division in PSN
transduction
modality
photoreceptors
detects, encodes & transmits peripheral signals to the CNS... es…
converting forms of energy (senses) into electrical signals (…
type of stimulus
visible wavelengths of light
afferent division in PSN
detects, encodes & transmits peripheral signals to the CNS... es…
transduction
converting forms of energy (senses) into electrical signals (…
33 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Sensory receptors
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
-(convert energy into a different form) different forms of en…
sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood... -T…
sense light
respond to cold or heat
Sensory receptors
-(convert energy into a different form) different forms of en…
Chemoreceptors
sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood... -T…
13 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Receptive field
Two point discrimination test
Perceptual threshold
inhibitory modulation
Area of neuron where activating stimulus falls
Determines sensitivity to touch convergence
Level of stimulus intensity necessary for you to be aware of…
Diminishes suprathreshold stimuli until it is below the perce…
Receptive field
Area of neuron where activating stimulus falls
Two point discrimination test
Determines sensitivity to touch convergence
Human Physiology: Chapter 10
Detects Chemicals, Taste, Smell
All over body, Detect tissue damage
Detect temperatre
Invoved with touch
Chemoreceptors
Pain Receptors
Thermoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
Detects Chemicals, Taste, Smell
Chemoreceptors
All over body, Detect tissue damage
Pain Receptors
18 terms
Physiology - Chapter 10
Sensation
Perception
Receptors
Transduction
Input from the peripheral nervous system to the central nervo…
Conscious interpretation of that input - Detecting light ener…
specialized organs... Examples... Vision... Hearing... Taste... Smell
the conversion of energy from one form to another
Sensation
Input from the peripheral nervous system to the central nervo…
Perception
Conscious interpretation of that input - Detecting light ener…
29 terms
Chapter 10 Sensory Physiology
Sensation
Perception
General Pathway of Sensation and Perce…
Reception
Detecting physical energy from external/ internal stimuli and…
Selection, organization, and interpretation of sensation... We d…
Stimulus--(reception)--> Sensory Receptors--(transduction)---…
Absorption of physical energy (stimulus) by sensry receptors…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from external/ internal stimuli and…
Perception
Selection, organization, and interpretation of sensation... We d…
66 terms
Chapter 10 Physiology
conscious
unconscious
sensory components
transmission
sensation, special senses and some proprioception
no sensation, visceral some proprioception
stimulus, receptor(transductor), transmission, integration
primary to sensory to sensory, PNS, spinal cord to brain
conscious
sensation, special senses and some proprioception
unconscious
no sensation, visceral some proprioception
Physiology Chapter 10
Sensory Receptors
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
- transduce (convert energy into a different form) different…
sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood
sense light
respond to heat or cold
Sensory Receptors
- transduce (convert energy into a different form) different…
Chemoreceptors
sense chemicals in the environment (taste, smell) or blood
62 terms
Physiology - Chapter 10 - Sensory Physiology
gustation
olfaction
accomodation
olfactory
Pertaining to the sense of taste.
Pertaining to the sense of smell.
The process by which the eye adjusts to the shape of the lens…
Which sensory pathway does not pass through the thalamus?
gustation
Pertaining to the sense of taste.
olfaction
Pertaining to the sense of smell.
36 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Sensory receptors
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
How you realize whats going on... -Change energy into nerve impu…
-sense chemicals "taste, smell" or within our blood... (Ligan ga…
- Sense light
-Respond to cold or heat
Sensory receptors
How you realize whats going on... -Change energy into nerve impu…
Chemoreceptors
-sense chemicals "taste, smell" or within our blood... (Ligan ga…
71 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Arachnoid
Dura mater
Epidural space
Meninges
cob-web like middle layer of the meninges
tough outermost layer of the meninges
fat filled space between the vertebrae and dura mater
three connective tissue membranes covering the brain and spin…
Arachnoid
cob-web like middle layer of the meninges
Dura mater
tough outermost layer of the meninges
91 terms
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology
Chemoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
sense chemical stimuli in the environment or the blood ... (tast…
rods and cones in the retina of the eye
respond to heat and cold
touch and pressure receptors in the skin and hair cells
Chemoreceptors
sense chemical stimuli in the environment or the blood ... (tast…
Photoreceptors
rods and cones in the retina of the eye
physiology chapter 10
peripheral nervous system
receptors
photoreceptors
mechanoreceptors
o Consists of nerve fibers that carry information between the…
o Structures at peripheral endings of afferent neurons ... o Det…
visible wavelengths of light... Responsive to visible wavelengt…
mechanical energy
peripheral nervous system
o Consists of nerve fibers that carry information between the…
receptors
o Structures at peripheral endings of afferent neurons ... o Det…
199 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 10
what is the muscular system
how many muscles are in the human body
what is myology
what are the 5 functions of muscles
composed of the skeletal muscles only
over 600 muscles in the human muscular system
study of the muscular system
movement, stability, control of body openings and passages, h…
what is the muscular system
composed of the skeletal muscles only
how many muscles are in the human body
over 600 muscles in the human muscular system
94 terms
Physiology - Chapter 10 - Sensory Physiology
Perceptions of the world are created b…
Sensory receptors respond to a particu…
_______ transduce (change) different f…
Dendritic endings of sensory neurons (4)
Perceptions of the world are created by the brain from AP sen…
(differences in neural pathways and synaptic connections) of…
receptors
Free: ... Encapsulated: ... Rods and cones: ... Modified epithelial ce…
Perceptions of the world are created b…
Perceptions of the world are created by the brain from AP sen…
Sensory receptors respond to a particu…
(differences in neural pathways and synaptic connections) of…
80 terms
Physiology: Chapter 10 Sensory
What do Sensory Receptors do?
Each Sensory Receptor is most sensitiv…
The Different ways to categorize Recep…
Functional Categories of sensory recep…
Transduce Different forms of energy(Sensory Info) in the "rea…
It's particular sensory stimulus to which it was designed to.…
By function and by method of response
1)Chemoreceptos... 2)Photoreceptors... 3)Thermoreceptors... 4)Mechanor…
What do Sensory Receptors do?
Transduce Different forms of energy(Sensory Info) in the "rea…
Each Sensory Receptor is most sensitiv…
It's particular sensory stimulus to which it was designed to.…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
areas of compression
areas of refraction
promontory
change in energy in transduction
air particles clumped together
air particles apart
space between the oval and round windows
acoustic energy-->mechanical energy-->hydraulic energy-->elec…
areas of compression
air particles clumped together
areas of refraction
air particles apart
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 10
4 Lobes of the Cerebrum
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Temporal
Speech and language part of the brain
Sounds and memory part of the brain
Vision part of the brain
4 Lobes of the Cerebrum
Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Temporal
Frontal Lobe
Speech and language part of the brain
55 terms
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology
Receptive field
Small receptive field
Lateral inhibition
Why do people have an emotional reacti…
area whose stimulation results in firing of one neuron
good acuity and have many neurons :. more brain real estate
an excited neuron will laterally inhibit surrounding neurons…
nocireceptors send signals to the limbic system (handles emot…
Receptive field
area whose stimulation results in firing of one neuron
Small receptive field
good acuity and have many neurons :. more brain real estate
37 terms
Physiology Chapter 10 Terms
chemoreceptor
photoreceptors
mechanoreceptor
nociceptor
a neural receptor that is sensitive to chemical changes in bl…
sensory cells (rods and cones) that respond electrically to l…
a sensory receptor that is stimulated by mechanical means; in…
a receptor for pain that is stimulated by tissue damage
chemoreceptor
a neural receptor that is sensitive to chemical changes in bl…
photoreceptors
sensory cells (rods and cones) that respond electrically to l…
126 terms
Human Physiology chapter 10
_____ receptors detect changes in the…
list the five main types of receptors
chemoreceptors are sensitive to change…
function of pain receptors:
sensory
chemoreceptors, pain receptors, thermoreceptors, mechanorecep…
chemical concentration
detect tissue damage
_____ receptors detect changes in the…
sensory
list the five main types of receptors
chemoreceptors, pain receptors, thermoreceptors, mechanorecep…
Physiology Chapter 10
Neuron Communication
Neurons are hydro_____
Ions flow down the electrochemical gra…
Two forces dictate direction of ion mo…
-Can communicate with other neuron cells, etc.... -Communicate v…
*phobic... -impedes ion flow
*channels... -selective for ions:... -Na+... -K+
electrical and chemical
Neuron Communication
-Can communicate with other neuron cells, etc.... -Communicate v…
Neurons are hydro_____
*phobic... -impedes ion flow
16 terms
Physiology Chapter 10 Review
Organs of Smell
Organs of Taste
5 Sensory Receptors and the name of ch…
Where is the taste bud found, how does…
olfactory bulb, superior nasal conchae, nasal septum,
taste buds
1. Chemoreceptors - changes in the chemical concentration of…
found on tongue, roof of mouth, throat; each bud has 50-150 r…
Organs of Smell
olfactory bulb, superior nasal conchae, nasal septum,
Organs of Taste
taste buds
5 terms
Physiology Chapter 10 (pictures)
Frontal Lobe
Parietal lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
what is the part of the brain highlighted blue?
what is the part of the brain highlighted green?
what is the part of the brain highlighted yellow?
what is the part of the brain highlighted pink?
Frontal Lobe
what is the part of the brain highlighted blue?
Parietal lobe
what is the part of the brain highlighted green?
Chapter 10 Muscles Physiology
contractile
contraction
relaxation
skeletal muscles
What type of tissue are muscles _____? They change in length-…
Shortens in length
Return to original length (Lots of energy expended) They prod…
Muscles that attaches to bone
contractile
What type of tissue are muscles _____? They change in length-…
contraction
Shortens in length
64 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 10: Blood
blood
blood
formed elements
plasma
"river of life" that transports everything that must be carri…
complex connective tissue
living blood cells
nonliving blood fluid matrix
blood
"river of life" that transports everything that must be carri…
blood
complex connective tissue
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology
Stimulus processing can either be
What are some special senses that are…
What are some somatic senses that are…
What are some somatic stimuli that are…
conscious or unconscious
Vision, hearing, taste, smell, and equilibrium.
Touch, temperature, pain, itch, and proprioception.
Muscle length and tension and prioception.
Stimulus processing can either be
conscious or unconscious
What are some special senses that are…
Vision, hearing, taste, smell, and equilibrium.
38 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Neurons
Neuroglial cells
Dendrites
Axon
Nerve cells
Specialized cell of the nervous system that produces myelin,…
Fibers that receive incoming info.
Fiber that conducts impulses and sends outgoing info
Neurons
Nerve cells
Neuroglial cells
Specialized cell of the nervous system that produces myelin,…
78 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
what controls the involuntary activity?
what are the functions of the nervous…
Brain and spinal cord
Spinal & cranial nerves
nervous system
sensory, integrative, and motor
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Spinal & cranial nerves
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Nervous System
CNS
PNS
3 Major Functions
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
12 pairs of cranial nerves ... 31 pairs of spinal nerves
Sensory ... Integrative ... Motor
Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
CNS
Brain and Spinal Cord
18 terms
Chapter 10- Sensory Physiology
Utricle and saccule... a. Cupula... b. Cilia…
Semicircular canals... a. Cupula ... b. Cili…
Cochlea ... a. Cupula ... b. Ciliary body... c.…
The dissociation of rhodopsin in the r…
D. OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE
A. CUPULA
C. BASILAR MEMBRANE
D. ALL OF THESE
Utricle and saccule... a. Cupula... b. Cilia…
D. OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE
Semicircular canals... a. Cupula ... b. Cili…
A. CUPULA
78 terms
Physiology Chapter 10
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
what controls the involuntary activity?
what are the functions of the nervous…
Brain and spinal cord
Spinal & cranial nerves
nervous system
sensory, integrative, and motor
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Spinal & cranial nerves
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
8 terms
Chapter 10: Sensory Physiology
Functional Organization of the Nervous…
General Senses
Special Senses
Perception of sensation involves:... ALL…
Sensory inputs (eyes, ears) feed into nerves and neurons (arm…
Associated with skin (somatic) ie. touch, pressure, propiorec…
Associated with highly specialized receptors like taste, smel…
1. External physical signals (light)... 2. Converted by physiolo…
Functional Organization of the Nervous…
Sensory inputs (eyes, ears) feed into nerves and neurons (arm…
General Senses
Associated with skin (somatic) ie. touch, pressure, propiorec…
Physiology Exam 2 - Chapter 10
sensation
perception
transduction
each sensory nerve ending, however sti…
being aware of sensory information
ability to interpret sensory information
ability of sensory to convert to electric (i.e. action pot.)
Muller's Law
sensation
being aware of sensory information
perception
ability to interpret sensory information
Physiology - Chapter 10
What type of receptors are the hair ce…
What specific area of a neuron could b…
What can be mediated by nociceptors?
What structure contains sensory recept…
Mechanoreceptors
Trigger zone
Pain and itch
Cochlea
What type of receptors are the hair ce…
Mechanoreceptors
What specific area of a neuron could b…
Trigger zone
Physiology Chapter 10
A great deal of the activity of the au…
Most of the ANS controls cardiac muscl…
One of the hallmark purposes of the AN…
Thoracolumbar
visceral reflexes
general, visceral (non-voluntary), and efferent - GVE compone…
The maintenance of internal homeostasis. (the ANS is referred…
Refers to sympathetic nervous system
A great deal of the activity of the au…
visceral reflexes
Most of the ANS controls cardiac muscl…
general, visceral (non-voluntary), and efferent - GVE compone…
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