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42 terms
Physiology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Mediastinum
Pericarditis
Myocardium
Atria
Central compartment of the thoracic cavity. It contains the h…
inflammation of the pericardium
Thick middle muscle layer of the heart
2 upper chambers of the heart
Mediastinum
Central compartment of the thoracic cavity. It contains the h…
Pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
34 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Autonomic Nervous System
Parasympathetic
Sympathetic
autonomic ganglia
primary function is to regulate organs to maintain homeostasi…
when body is at rest
fight or flight response
where neurons communicate with one another in peripheral stru…
Autonomic Nervous System
primary function is to regulate organs to maintain homeostasi…
Parasympathetic
when body is at rest
9 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
nervous system functions
CNS
PNS
neuronal pool
1. Directs voluntary movement, and is the seat of our conscio…
brain, made up of neurons that enable regulation of breathing…
organs are nerves which carry signals to and from the CNS. 12…
functional groups of interneurons within the CNS. is a tangle…
nervous system functions
1. Directs voluntary movement, and is the seat of our conscio…
CNS
brain, made up of neurons that enable regulation of breathing…
203 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
CNS
Meninges
Dura Mater
Internal Periosteum
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
Outer layer of the meninges, made of fibrous connective tissu…
The dura mater contains veins, arteries, and nerves and attac…
CNS
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
Meninges
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
42 terms
Chapter 11 Vocabulary- Physiology
Mediastinum
Pericarditis
Myocardium
Atria
centrally located space between the lungs
inflammation of the pericardium
Heart muscle
Upper chambers of the heart
Mediastinum
centrally located space between the lungs
Pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
160 terms
chapter 11 physiology
classifications of hormones
derived from tyrosine&tryptophan... ex. h…
antidiuretic hormone, insulin, and gro…
long polypeptides bound to a carbohydr…
amines, polypeptides/proteins, glycoproteins, and steroids
amines
polypeptide and proteins
glycoproteins
classifications of hormones
amines, polypeptides/proteins, glycoproteins, and steroids
derived from tyrosine&tryptophan... ex. h…
amines
42 terms
Physiology chapter 11
Mediastinum
Pericarditis
Myocardium
Atria
The region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs.
inflammation of the pericardium
The cardiac muscle layer of the heart wall.
Chambers of the heart receiving blood from veins; superior he…
Mediastinum
The region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs.
Pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
42 terms
Physiology Chapter 11 Vocab
mediastinum
pericarditis
myocardium
atria
Centrally located space between the lungs
inflammation of the pericardium
Heart muscle
2 upper chambers of the heart
mediastinum
Centrally located space between the lungs
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
47 terms
Physiology Chapter 11 Study Guide
Three functions of nervous system
Integration
What division of the nervous system do…
Motor Output
Sensory input... Integration... Motor output
CNS receives, processes, and interprets sensory input
Central Nervous System
CNS sends out nerve impulses to effector organs (muscles, gla…
Three functions of nervous system
Sensory input... Integration... Motor output
Integration
CNS receives, processes, and interprets sensory input
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
muscle cells
what are the characteristics of muscle…
skeletal muscle
voluntary
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
voluntary, striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
subject to conscious control
muscle cells
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
what are the characteristics of muscle…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
38 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
pineal gland
adrenal gland
system involving regulation of body functions through use sec…
master endocrine gland
located in dienchephalon
located above kidneys
Endocrine System
system involving regulation of body functions through use sec…
Pituitary Gland
master endocrine gland
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 11
Olfactory System
Papillae
Pinna
3 Parts of the External Ear
Where the sense of smell comes from
The tiny bumps on thetongue
The part of the ear that can been seen on the outside
Pinna, External auditory canal, Eardrum
Olfactory System
Where the sense of smell comes from
Papillae
The tiny bumps on thetongue
71 terms
physiology chapter 11
Motor to:
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Rami Communicantes
Smooth Muscle... Cardiac Muscle... Glands... Uses Visceral Efferents
Thoracolumbar
Craniosacral
In thoracic and superior lumbar region... Pre-ganglionic (VE) fi…
Motor to:
Smooth Muscle... Cardiac Muscle... Glands... Uses Visceral Efferents
Sympathetic
Thoracolumbar
67 terms
Physiology Chapter 11- Muscle Physiology
skeletal ... cardiac
muscle body> fascicle> muscle fiber> m…
one cell
multinucleated
which types of muscle are striated
skeletal muscle structure
one muscle fiber =_____
one muscle fiber has many nuclei and is _____
skeletal ... cardiac
which types of muscle are striated
muscle body> fascicle> muscle fiber> m…
skeletal muscle structure
54 terms
Physiology Chapter 11: Blood
What are platelets a derivative of?
From what are all blood cells derived?
From what is the macrophage derived?
What is the development of a lymphocyte?
Megakryocytes
Undifferentiated pluripotent stem cells
Monocyte
A lymphoid
What are platelets a derivative of?
Megakryocytes
From what are all blood cells derived?
Undifferentiated pluripotent stem cells
28 terms
Chapter 11: Physiology II
11.1.1 Describe the process of blood c…
11.1.2 Outline the principle of challe…
11.1.3 Define active and passive immun…
11.1.4. Explain antibody production
prevent excess blood loss stop pathogens from entering body... p…
Macrophages recognize antigens >. macrophage eats antigen ... an…
Active immunity: memory B lymphocytes produced allow for acti…
Polyclonal : antigens have many proteins; more than one type…
11.1.1 Describe the process of blood c…
prevent excess blood loss stop pathogens from entering body... p…
11.1.2 Outline the principle of challe…
Macrophages recognize antigens >. macrophage eats antigen ... an…
22 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Endocrine Glands
Adrenal medulla
Pancreas
Parathyroid glands
-Secrete hormones into the blood... --Carried to target cells th…
-epinephrine and nore... -to heart brochinels and blood vessels…
-Insulin glucagon... -liver, skeletal muscles and adipose tissue…
-parathyroid hormone... -bones, small intestine, kidneys... -increa…
Endocrine Glands
-Secrete hormones into the blood... --Carried to target cells th…
Adrenal medulla
-epinephrine and nore... -to heart brochinels and blood vessels…
44 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Endocrine Glands
Organs that secrete hormones
Hormones help:
Neurohormones
-Secrete hormones into the blood... -Hormones are carried to tar…
-heart ... -liver ... -kidneys... -adipose tissue.
-regulate body metabolism, ... -growth ... -reproduction
secreted by specialized cells of the hypothalamus
Endocrine Glands
-Secrete hormones into the blood... -Hormones are carried to tar…
Organs that secrete hormones
-heart ... -liver ... -kidneys... -adipose tissue.
121 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
functions of the nervous system
components of the nervous system
subdivisions of the nervous system
central nervous system (CNS) components
1) receiving sensory input; monitor internal and external sti…
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (P…
brain and spinal cord
functions of the nervous system
1) receiving sensory input; monitor internal and external sti…
components of the nervous system
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
69 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 11
Meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
Membranes that lie between the bone and soft tissue
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
Thin weblike membrane that lack blood vessels
Innermost, thin, contains many nerves and blood vessels that…
Meninges
Membranes that lie between the bone and soft tissue
Dura Mater
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
14 terms
Chapter 11 Physiology
Two branches of efferent nervous system
The autonomic division
The somatic motor division
The autonomic system
The automatic division and the somatic motor division
Mostly involuntary ... -Controls internal organs ... -Two opposing…
-Mostly voluntary ... -Controls skeletal muscles
*Sympathetic Branch ... -Fight or flight: prepare for action ... -M…
Two branches of efferent nervous system
The automatic division and the somatic motor division
The autonomic division
Mostly involuntary ... -Controls internal organs ... -Two opposing…
53 terms
Neural Physiology Chapter 11
Transmembrane potential
Resting membrane potential
Stimulus
Distribution of ions in and out of a c…
Results from the differential distribution of ions across the…
the membrane potential difference of an undisturbed cell
Localized changes in the resting potential
The division of a charge exists along the plasma membrane of…
Transmembrane potential
Results from the differential distribution of ions across the…
Resting membrane potential
the membrane potential difference of an undisturbed cell
28 terms
Chapter 11: Physiology II
11.1.1 Describe the process of blood c…
11.1.2 Outline the principle of challe…
11.1.3 Define active and passive immun…
11.1.4. Explain antibody production
prevent excess blood loss stop pathogens from entering body... p…
Macrophages recognize antigens >. macrophage eats antigen ... an…
Active immunity: memory B lymphocytes produced allow for acti…
Polyclonal : antigens have many proteins; more than one type…
11.1.1 Describe the process of blood c…
prevent excess blood loss stop pathogens from entering body... p…
11.1.2 Outline the principle of challe…
Macrophages recognize antigens >. macrophage eats antigen ... an…
98 terms
Physiology Chapter 11-A & 11
What is blood composed of?
What 3 things make up the formed eleme…
What kind of tissue is blood?
Blood is approximately what percent by…
The formed elements and plasma
Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells and Platelets
connective
7
What is blood composed of?
The formed elements and plasma
What 3 things make up the formed eleme…
Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells and Platelets
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Cardiovascular System
to deliver oxygen and nutrients to cel…
thorax, between the lungs and the infe…
Pericardium
a closed system of the heart and blood vessels
What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
Where is the heart located?
Double walled sac that holds the heart
Cardiovascular System
a closed system of the heart and blood vessels
to deliver oxygen and nutrients to cel…
What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
42 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
endocrine glands
hormones
nonpolar hormones
polar hormones
NO ducts... secrete hormones INTO blood
chemical signals released into circulation
steroids... thyroid hormones
catecholamines... peptides, proteins
endocrine glands
NO ducts... secrete hormones INTO blood
hormones
chemical signals released into circulation
74 terms
Physiology chapter 11
endocrine system overall functions
the endocrine systems
hormones
hormones based on action
Regulate organic metabolism and H2O and electrolyte balance…
- Endocrine glands ... Lack ducts... Secrete chemical signals (ho…
o Chemical signals released into circulation ... o Broadcast thr…
characterized by their solubility
endocrine system overall functions
Regulate organic metabolism and H2O and electrolyte balance…
the endocrine systems
- Endocrine glands ... Lack ducts... Secrete chemical signals (ho…
Physiology chapter 11
endocrine system overall functions
the endocrine systems
hormones
hormones based on action
Regulate organic metabolism and H2O and electrolyte balance…
- Endocrine glands ... Lack ducts... Secrete chemical signals (ho…
o Chemical signals released into circulation ... o Broadcast thr…
characterized by their solubility
endocrine system overall functions
Regulate organic metabolism and H2O and electrolyte balance…
the endocrine systems
- Endocrine glands ... Lack ducts... Secrete chemical signals (ho…
96 terms
Human Physiology AHL (Chapter 11)
Antigens
Zoonosis
Clonal selection
B lymphocyte cell
protein/polysaccharide molecules found on the surface of cells
infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can…
type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype. They func…
Antigens
protein/polysaccharide molecules found on the surface of cells
Zoonosis
infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can…
The Nervous System, Chapter 11, Anatomy and Physiology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
What are the four major parts of the b…
What are the three functions of the ne…
(CNS) Consists of the brain and spinal cord
(PNS) Consists of all nerves and receptors that are not part…
Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Brain Stem, and Diencephalon
Sensory Function (Afferent), Integrative Function, and Motor…
Central Nervous System
(CNS) Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
(PNS) Consists of all nerves and receptors that are not part…
37 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Six characteristics and functions of e…
Four chemical classes of hormones
Differences in mode of action between…
Define prohomone
-Ductless... -Secrete hormones into the blood... -Hormones are carr…
1) Amines, derived from tyrosine and tryptophan... 2) Polypeptid…
...
Prohormones are inactive hormones that must be cut and splice…
Six characteristics and functions of e…
-Ductless... -Secrete hormones into the blood... -Hormones are carr…
Four chemical classes of hormones
1) Amines, derived from tyrosine and tryptophan... 2) Polypeptid…
156 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
False
True
True
True
T/F: Endocrine glands secrete their products into ducts.
T/F: Biologically active molecules in the blood are called ho…
T/F: The neurons from the hypothalamus secrete chemicals call…
T/F: Dual glands, like the pancreas, have both endocrine and…
False
T/F: Endocrine glands secrete their products into ducts.
True
T/F: Biologically active molecules in the blood are called ho…
16 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
size of intramuscular ATP-PCr pool, de…
Glycolysis
blood lactate levels
peak power and anaerobic capacity
Biochemical measures evaluate what three aspects of the immed…
After a few seconds of work which system generates more ATP?
What is the most common indicator of glycolytic activity?
Wingate test measures what two things:
size of intramuscular ATP-PCr pool, de…
Biochemical measures evaluate what three aspects of the immed…
Glycolysis
After a few seconds of work which system generates more ATP?
26 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
the CNS includes
the PNS includes
sensory nervous system
motor nervous system
brain and spinal cord
sensory nervous system and motor nervous system
brings info to CNS; consists of sense organs
carries out commands of CNS; consists of muscles
the CNS includes
brain and spinal cord
the PNS includes
sensory nervous system and motor nervous system
73 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Name 3 functions of the nervous system:
CNS consists of: (parts)
PNS consists of:
Name the functions of the Afferent div…
1. sensory input (sensory is received)... 2. integration (genera…
Brain and spinal cord
Spinal and cranial nerves extending from CNS
conveys sensory impulses to the CNS
Name 3 functions of the nervous system:
1. sensory input (sensory is received)... 2. integration (genera…
CNS consists of: (parts)
Brain and spinal cord
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
muscle cells
what are the characteristics of muscle…
skeletal muscle
voluntary
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
voluntary, striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
subject to conscious control
muscle cells
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
what are the characteristics of muscle…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Muscles produce ________
Exert force on tendons -->
One bone must be stationary while
Muscles grouped by
Movement
Tendons pull bones and structures
Another bone moves in response to muscle contraction
Opposing pairs
Muscles produce ________
Movement
Exert force on tendons -->
Tendons pull bones and structures
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
pericardium
myocardium
endocardium
heart structure
membrane that surrounds the heart
muscle layer of the heart
membrane that lines the inside of the heart
not a hollow cavity; not smooth on the inside; 4 cavities; va…
pericardium
membrane that surrounds the heart
myocardium
muscle layer of the heart
16 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
autonomic control centers in hypothala…
autonomic control centers in pons
autonomic control centers in medulla
sympathetic
temperature control, water balance, eating behavior
urinary bladder control, secondary respiratory center, blood…
respiratory center
uses only norepinephrine as a neurotransmitter
autonomic control centers in hypothala…
temperature control, water balance, eating behavior
autonomic control centers in pons
urinary bladder control, secondary respiratory center, blood…
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 11
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Subdivisions of the PNS
Sensory division of the PNS made up of
Brain & spinal cord... Integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
All neural tissue outside the CNS
Sensory division and motor division
Somatic sensory receptors... Special sensory receptors... Visceral…
Central Nervous System
Brain & spinal cord... Integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
Peripheral Nervous System
All neural tissue outside the CNS
15 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Autonomic control of body function
Antagonistic control
fight or flight
rest and digest
cooperation between the two branches to fine-tune various pro…
a hallmark of the Autonomic Division
Sympathetic
fight or flight
Parasympathetic
rest and digest
77 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
4 types of arrangements
Parallel Muscles
Convergent Muscles
Pennate Muscles
Parallel muscles... Convergent muscles... Pennate muscles (Unipenna…
-Structure: Fascicles arranged parallel with the long axis of…
-Structure: One attachment site for muscle fascicles all spre…
-Structure: Fascicles are arranged at an angle when connected…
4 types of arrangements
Parallel muscles... Convergent muscles... Pennate muscles (Unipenna…
Parallel Muscles
-Structure: Fascicles arranged parallel with the long axis of…
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Excitability
Conductivity
Contractility
Extensibility
Physiological properties of muscle
Physiological properties of muscle 2
Physiological properties of muscle 3
Physiological properties of muscle 4
Excitability
Physiological properties of muscle
Conductivity
Physiological properties of muscle 2
51 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11 terms
Amblyopia
Anesthesia
Aqueous humor
Aqueous humor
Lazy eye - causes vision in one eye because of abnormal domin…
Condition in which sensation of any type has been lost
Clear watery fluid of the eye produced by ciliary body. Takes…
Watery humor. Bathes the iris pupil and lens and fills the an…
Amblyopia
Lazy eye - causes vision in one eye because of abnormal domin…
Anesthesia
Condition in which sensation of any type has been lost
15 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
A few nervous system synapses are very…
_____ synapses predominate the nervous…
synaptic vesicles are filled with _____
Glutamine
-retina and cerebral cortex
*chemical
-neurotransmitters... -typically just one or two types/individua…
-major excitatory neurotransmitter in CNS... -excites/depolarize…
A few nervous system synapses are very…
-retina and cerebral cortex
_____ synapses predominate the nervous…
*chemical
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
ANS- Autonomic Nervous System
Neuron
Glial Cells
CNS Central Nervous System
Involuntary. Conducts impulses from CNS to smooth and cardiac…
A cell that carries information through the nervous system
supportive cells of nervous system that guide growth of new n…
Consist of brain and spinal cord
ANS- Autonomic Nervous System
Involuntary. Conducts impulses from CNS to smooth and cardiac…
Neuron
A cell that carries information through the nervous system
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