Study sets matching "physiology chapter 11"

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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 11"

42 terms
Physiology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Mediastinum
Pericarditis
Myocardium
Atria
Central compartment of the thoracic cavity. It contains the h…
inflammation of the pericardium
Thick middle muscle layer of the heart
2 upper chambers of the heart
Mediastinum
Central compartment of the thoracic cavity. It contains the h…
Pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
71 terms
physiology chapter 11
Motor to:
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Rami Communicantes
Smooth Muscle... Cardiac Muscle... Glands... Uses Visceral Efferents
Thoracolumbar
Craniosacral
In thoracic and superior lumbar region... Pre-ganglionic (VE) fi…
Motor to:
Smooth Muscle... Cardiac Muscle... Glands... Uses Visceral Efferents
Sympathetic
Thoracolumbar
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
Chapter 11: Blood (Anatomy and Physiology)
_______ serves as the primary transpor…
The liquid portion of your blood is re…
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
blood
plasma
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
_______ serves as the primary transpor…
blood
The liquid portion of your blood is re…
plasma
34 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Autonomic Nervous System
Parasympathetic
Sympathetic
autonomic ganglia
primary function is to regulate organs to maintain homeostasi…
when body is at rest
fight or flight response
where neurons communicate with one another in peripheral stru…
Autonomic Nervous System
primary function is to regulate organs to maintain homeostasi…
Parasympathetic
when body is at rest
69 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 11
Meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
Membranes that lie between the bone and soft tissue
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
Thin weblike membrane that lack blood vessels
Innermost, thin, contains many nerves and blood vessels that…
Meninges
Membranes that lie between the bone and soft tissue
Dura Mater
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
Physiology Chapter 11
Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
pineal gland
adrenal gland
system involving regulation of body functions through use sec…
master endocrine gland
located in dienchephalon
located above kidneys
Endocrine System
system involving regulation of body functions through use sec…
Pituitary Gland
master endocrine gland
9 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
nervous system functions
CNS
PNS
neuronal pool
1. Directs voluntary movement, and is the seat of our conscio…
brain, made up of neurons that enable regulation of breathing…
organs are nerves which carry signals to and from the CNS. 12…
functional groups of interneurons within the CNS. is a tangle…
nervous system functions
1. Directs voluntary movement, and is the seat of our conscio…
CNS
brain, made up of neurons that enable regulation of breathing…
Chapter 11 Vocabulary- Physiology
Mediastinum
Pericarditis
Myocardium
Atria
centrally located space between the lungs
inflammation of the pericardium
Heart muscle
Upper chambers of the heart
Mediastinum
centrally located space between the lungs
Pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
160 terms
chapter 11 physiology
classifications of hormones
derived from tyrosine&tryptophan... ex. h…
antidiuretic hormone, insulin, and gro…
long polypeptides bound to a carbohydr…
amines, polypeptides/proteins, glycoproteins, and steroids
amines
polypeptide and proteins
glycoproteins
classifications of hormones
amines, polypeptides/proteins, glycoproteins, and steroids
derived from tyrosine&tryptophan... ex. h…
amines
42 terms
Physiology chapter 11
Mediastinum
Pericarditis
Myocardium
Atria
The region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs.
inflammation of the pericardium
The cardiac muscle layer of the heart wall.
Chambers of the heart receiving blood from veins; superior he…
Mediastinum
The region of the thoracic cavity between the lungs.
Pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
Physiology Chapter 11 Vocab
mediastinum
pericarditis
myocardium
atria
Centrally located space between the lungs
inflammation of the pericardium
Heart muscle
2 upper chambers of the heart
mediastinum
Centrally located space between the lungs
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
Physiology Chapter 11- Muscle Physiology
skeletal ... cardiac
muscle body> fascicle> muscle fiber> m…
one cell
multinucleated
which types of muscle are striated
skeletal muscle structure
one muscle fiber =_____
one muscle fiber has many nuclei and is _____
skeletal ... cardiac
which types of muscle are striated
muscle body> fascicle> muscle fiber> m…
skeletal muscle structure
6 terms
Physiology - Chapter 11
Somatic nervous system
Adrenal sympathetic pathway
Autonomic Pathways
Parasympathetic nervous systems
Controls skeletal muscle
??
Sym. and parasym. similar in overall structure.... Divergence at…
Recovery from sympathetic
Somatic nervous system
Controls skeletal muscle
Adrenal sympathetic pathway
??
Physiology chapter 11
fight-or-flight response
preganglionic neurons
postganglionic neurons
sympathetic chain
the sympathetic nervous system, the system that prepares the…
the neurons that travel from the CNS to the ganglia
the neurons that travel from the ganglia to the effector organ
the various sympathetic ganglia linked together to form struc…
fight-or-flight response
the sympathetic nervous system, the system that prepares the…
preganglionic neurons
the neurons that travel from the CNS to the ganglia
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
Chapter 11 Physiology
Two branches of efferent nervous system
The autonomic division
The somatic motor division
The autonomic system
The automatic division and the somatic motor division
Mostly involuntary ... -Controls internal organs ... -Two opposing…
-Mostly voluntary ... -Controls skeletal muscles
*Sympathetic Branch ... -Fight or flight: prepare for action ... -M…
Two branches of efferent nervous system
The automatic division and the somatic motor division
The autonomic division
Mostly involuntary ... -Controls internal organs ... -Two opposing…
42 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
endocrine glands
hormones
nonpolar hormones
polar hormones
NO ducts... secrete hormones INTO blood
chemical signals released into circulation
steroids... thyroid hormones
catecholamines... peptides, proteins
endocrine glands
NO ducts... secrete hormones INTO blood
hormones
chemical signals released into circulation
22 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Endocrine Glands
Adrenal medulla
Pancreas
Parathyroid glands
-Secrete hormones into the blood... --Carried to target cells th…
-epinephrine and nore... -to heart brochinels and blood vessels…
-Insulin glucagon... -liver, skeletal muscles and adipose tissue…
-parathyroid hormone... -bones, small intestine, kidneys... -increa…
Endocrine Glands
-Secrete hormones into the blood... --Carried to target cells th…
Adrenal medulla
-epinephrine and nore... -to heart brochinels and blood vessels…
44 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Endocrine Glands
Organs that secrete hormones
Hormones help:
Neurohormones
-Secrete hormones into the blood... -Hormones are carried to tar…
-heart ... -liver ... -kidneys... -adipose tissue.
-regulate body metabolism, ... -growth ... -reproduction
secreted by specialized cells of the hypothalamus
Endocrine Glands
-Secrete hormones into the blood... -Hormones are carried to tar…
Organs that secrete hormones
-heart ... -liver ... -kidneys... -adipose tissue.
Physiology chapter 11
endocrine system overall functions
the endocrine systems
hormones
hormones based on action
Regulate organic metabolism and H2O and electrolyte balance…
- Endocrine glands ... Lack ducts... Secrete chemical signals (ho…
o Chemical signals released into circulation ... o Broadcast thr…
characterized by their solubility
endocrine system overall functions
Regulate organic metabolism and H2O and electrolyte balance…
the endocrine systems
- Endocrine glands ... Lack ducts... Secrete chemical signals (ho…
Physiology chapter 11
endocrine system overall functions
the endocrine systems
hormones
hormones based on action
Regulate organic metabolism and H2O and electrolyte balance…
- Endocrine glands ... Lack ducts... Secrete chemical signals (ho…
o Chemical signals released into circulation ... o Broadcast thr…
characterized by their solubility
endocrine system overall functions
Regulate organic metabolism and H2O and electrolyte balance…
the endocrine systems
- Endocrine glands ... Lack ducts... Secrete chemical signals (ho…
203 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
CNS
Meninges
Dura Mater
Internal Periosteum
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
Outer layer of the meninges, made of fibrous connective tissu…
The dura mater contains veins, arteries, and nerves and attac…
CNS
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
Meninges
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
47 terms
Physiology Chapter 11 Study Guide
Three functions of nervous system
Integration
What division of the nervous system do…
Motor Output
Sensory input... Integration... Motor output
CNS receives, processes, and interprets sensory input
Central Nervous System
CNS sends out nerve impulses to effector organs (muscles, gla…
Three functions of nervous system
Sensory input... Integration... Motor output
Integration
CNS receives, processes, and interprets sensory input
151 terms
Human Physiology; Chapter 11
functions of the endocrine system
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
hormones work
-control growth... -A collection of glands and organs. ... -Secrete…
-secrete hormones ... -they link various organ systems together…
secrete their products into a duct, from where the secretions…
chemical messengers that are released first into interstitial…
functions of the endocrine system
-control growth... -A collection of glands and organs. ... -Secrete…
endocrine glands
-secrete hormones ... -they link various organ systems together…
156 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
False
True
True
True
T/F: Endocrine glands secrete their products into ducts.
T/F: Biologically active molecules in the blood are called ho…
T/F: The neurons from the hypothalamus secrete chemicals call…
T/F: Dual glands, like the pancreas, have both endocrine and…
False
T/F: Endocrine glands secrete their products into ducts.
True
T/F: Biologically active molecules in the blood are called ho…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 11
Olfactory System
Papillae
Pinna
3 Parts of the External Ear
Where the sense of smell comes from
The tiny bumps on thetongue
The part of the ear that can been seen on the outside
Pinna, External auditory canal, Eardrum
Olfactory System
Where the sense of smell comes from
Papillae
The tiny bumps on thetongue
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 11
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Subdivisions of the PNS
Sensory division of the PNS made up of
Brain & spinal cord... Integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
All neural tissue outside the CNS
Sensory division and motor division
Somatic sensory receptors... Special sensory receptors... Visceral…
Central Nervous System
Brain & spinal cord... Integrating, processing, coordinating sen…
Peripheral Nervous System
All neural tissue outside the CNS
54 terms
Physiology Chapter 11: Blood
What are platelets a derivative of?
From what are all blood cells derived?
From what is the macrophage derived?
What is the development of a lymphocyte?
Megakryocytes
Undifferentiated pluripotent stem cells
Monocyte
A lymphoid
What are platelets a derivative of?
Megakryocytes
From what are all blood cells derived?
Undifferentiated pluripotent stem cells
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Excitability
Conductivity
Contractility
Extensibility
Physiological properties of muscle
Physiological properties of muscle 2
Physiological properties of muscle 3
Physiological properties of muscle 4
Excitability
Physiological properties of muscle
Conductivity
Physiological properties of muscle 2
physiology chapter 11
exocrine
endocrine
hormone
exocytosis
secrete products into a duct
release hormones into the blood
chemical message produced by an endocrine tissue and travels…
most hormones are released by ____________ from a cell
exocrine
secrete products into a duct
endocrine
release hormones into the blood
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
muscle cells
what are the characteristics of muscle…
skeletal muscle
voluntary
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
voluntary, striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
subject to conscious control
muscle cells
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
what are the characteristics of muscle…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
Physiology Chapter 11
A few nervous system synapses are very…
_____ synapses predominate the nervous…
synaptic vesicles are filled with _____
Glutamine
-retina and cerebral cortex
*chemical
-neurotransmitters... -typically just one or two types/individua…
-major excitatory neurotransmitter in CNS... -excites/depolarize…
A few nervous system synapses are very…
-retina and cerebral cortex
_____ synapses predominate the nervous…
*chemical
Physiology - Chapter 11
Why are some substances like nicotine…
Why is Bupropion used to help people w…
How do the effects of chronic nicotine…
With an up-regulation of receptors, ho…
The nicotine in cigarettes enhances the reward pathways in th…
Bupropion mimics the effects of nicotine by keeping dopamine…
Nicotine causes up-regulation of nAChR
Increase use, because there are more receptors available for…
Why are some substances like nicotine…
The nicotine in cigarettes enhances the reward pathways in th…
Why is Bupropion used to help people w…
Bupropion mimics the effects of nicotine by keeping dopamine…
98 terms
Physiology Chapter 11-A & 11
What is blood composed of?
What 3 things make up the formed eleme…
What kind of tissue is blood?
Blood is approximately what percent by…
The formed elements and plasma
Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells and Platelets
connective
7
What is blood composed of?
The formed elements and plasma
What 3 things make up the formed eleme…
Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells and Platelets
28 terms
Chapter 11: Physiology II
11.1.1 Describe the process of blood c…
11.1.2 Outline the principle of challe…
11.1.3 Define active and passive immun…
11.1.4. Explain antibody production
prevent excess blood loss stop pathogens from entering body... p…
Macrophages recognize antigens >. macrophage eats antigen ... an…
Active immunity: memory B lymphocytes produced allow for acti…
Polyclonal : antigens have many proteins; more than one type…
11.1.1 Describe the process of blood c…
prevent excess blood loss stop pathogens from entering body... p…
11.1.2 Outline the principle of challe…
Macrophages recognize antigens >. macrophage eats antigen ... an…
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
28 terms
Chapter 11: Physiology II
11.1.1 Describe the process of blood c…
11.1.2 Outline the principle of challe…
11.1.3 Define active and passive immun…
11.1.4. Explain antibody production
prevent excess blood loss stop pathogens from entering body... p…
Macrophages recognize antigens >. macrophage eats antigen ... an…
Active immunity: memory B lymphocytes produced allow for acti…
Polyclonal : antigens have many proteins; more than one type…
11.1.1 Describe the process of blood c…
prevent excess blood loss stop pathogens from entering body... p…
11.1.2 Outline the principle of challe…
Macrophages recognize antigens >. macrophage eats antigen ... an…
53 terms
Neural Physiology Chapter 11
Transmembrane potential
Resting membrane potential
Stimulus
Distribution of ions in and out of a c…
Results from the differential distribution of ions across the…
the membrane potential difference of an undisturbed cell
Localized changes in the resting potential
The division of a charge exists along the plasma membrane of…
Transmembrane potential
Results from the differential distribution of ions across the…
Resting membrane potential
the membrane potential difference of an undisturbed cell
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Cardiovascular System
to deliver oxygen and nutrients to cel…
thorax, between the lungs and the infe…
Pericardium
a closed system of the heart and blood vessels
What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
Where is the heart located?
Double walled sac that holds the heart
Cardiovascular System
a closed system of the heart and blood vessels
to deliver oxygen and nutrients to cel…
What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
121 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
functions of the nervous system
components of the nervous system
subdivisions of the nervous system
central nervous system (CNS) components
1) receiving sensory input; monitor internal and external sti…
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (P…
brain and spinal cord
functions of the nervous system
1) receiving sensory input; monitor internal and external sti…
components of the nervous system
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sensory receptors
75 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
what does the brain include of?
what acts as a link between brain and…
what protects the brain?
what are the membranes between the bon…
2 cerebral hemisphere... diencephalons ... brain stream... cerebellum
spinal cord in vertebral cavity
cranium and cerebrospinal fluid
meninges
what does the brain include of?
2 cerebral hemisphere... diencephalons ... brain stream... cerebellum
what acts as a link between brain and…
spinal cord in vertebral cavity
Physiology Exam 2 - Chapter 11
ductless glands which secret their pro…
hypothalamus is categorized as a
endocrine glands function
do endocrine glands display anatomical…
endocrine glands
neuroendocrine organ
production/secretion of hormones.
no, they are scattered through out the body
ductless glands which secret their pro…
endocrine glands
hypothalamus is categorized as a
neuroendocrine organ
75 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
what does the brain include of?
what acts as a link between brain and…
what protects the brain?
what are the membranes between the bon…
2 cerebral hemisphere... diencephalons ... brain stream... cerebellum
spinal cord in vertebral cavity
cranium and cerebrospinal fluid
meninges
what does the brain include of?
2 cerebral hemisphere... diencephalons ... brain stream... cerebellum
what acts as a link between brain and…
spinal cord in vertebral cavity
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 11
muscle cells
what are the characteristics of muscle…
skeletal muscle
voluntary
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
voluntary, striated muscle that is usually attached to one or…
subject to conscious control
muscle cells
device for converting chemical energy (ATP) into the mechanic…
what are the characteristics of muscle…
- excitability... - conductivity... - contractility... - extensibility…
Chapter 11 Anatomy and Physiology
Venipuncture
Cardiovascular System
Blood
Fractionated
Procedure with blood collected from a superficial vein, such…
An internal transport network.... The transport system of the bo…
The circulating body fluid and specialized connective tissue…
The components of blood thatvmay be separated for analytical…
Venipuncture
Procedure with blood collected from a superficial vein, such…
Cardiovascular System
An internal transport network.... The transport system of the bo…
Physiology chapter 11
Which of the following neurotransmitte…
Which area of the CNS regulates the au…
What does the somatic nervous system i…
Myasthenia gravis is an automimmune di…
D. acetylcholine
A. medulla oblongata
A. muscle
D. muscle weakness and/or dysfunction
Which of the following neurotransmitte…
D. acetylcholine
Which area of the CNS regulates the au…
A. medulla oblongata
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
ANS- Autonomic Nervous System
Neuron
Glial Cells
CNS Central Nervous System
Involuntary. Conducts impulses from CNS to smooth and cardiac…
A cell that carries information through the nervous system
supportive cells of nervous system that guide growth of new n…
Consist of brain and spinal cord
ANS- Autonomic Nervous System
Involuntary. Conducts impulses from CNS to smooth and cardiac…
Neuron
A cell that carries information through the nervous system
15 terms
Physiology Chapter 11
Sympathetic
Parasympathetic
Autonomic control of body function
Antagonistic control
fight or flight
rest and digest
cooperation between the two branches to fine-tune various pro…
a hallmark of the Autonomic Division
Sympathetic
fight or flight
Parasympathetic
rest and digest
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Muscles produce ________
Exert force on tendons -->
One bone must be stationary while
Muscles grouped by
Movement
Tendons pull bones and structures
Another bone moves in response to muscle contraction
Opposing pairs
Muscles produce ________
Movement
Exert force on tendons -->
Tendons pull bones and structures
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