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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 2"

63 terms
chapter 2 physiology
covalent bonds
polar bonds
non-polar bonds
is water polar or nonpolar
form between 2 atoms when they share electrons in order to ge…
when electrons are not equally shared.. unequal charge
when electrons are equally shared.. equal charge
polar
covalent bonds
form between 2 atoms when they share electrons in order to ge…
polar bonds
when electrons are not equally shared.. unequal charge
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
104 terms
Human Physiology Terms Chapter 2
Matter
Atom
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass Number
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Smallest unit of matter that has unique chemical characterist…
Number of protons in nucleus of atom.
Value that indicates an atom's mass, which is the number of p…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Smallest unit of matter that has unique chemical characterist…
37 terms
Ak Institue Physiology Chapter 2
acute pain
afferent
anaplasia
benign
Pain that is usually temporary, of sudden onset, and easily l…
Toward a center or point of reference.
Meaning "without shape," the term describes abnormal or undif…
Usually describing a noncancerous tumor that is contained and…
acute pain
Pain that is usually temporary, of sudden onset, and easily l…
afferent
Toward a center or point of reference.
143 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
organic
inorganic
electrolytes
nonelectrolyte
carbon containing compounds; covalent bond molecules
compounds that lack carbon and are simple molecules; exceptio…
substances that conduct an electrical current in solution
A substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that d…
organic
carbon containing compounds; covalent bond molecules
inorganic
compounds that lack carbon and are simple molecules; exceptio…
58 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
Atoms
Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
Protons and Neutrons
Electrons
What Are the Smallest units of each chemical element?
Atoms are composed of?
Which subatomic particles are condensed into the nucleus?
Which subatomic particle orbit the shells outside the nucleus?
Atoms
What Are the Smallest units of each chemical element?
Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
Atoms are composed of?
252 terms
physiology chapter 2
atoms
protons, neutrons
atomic mass
atomic number
smallest units of matter that can undergo chemical change
what does the nucleus contain?
sum of protons and neutrons
number of protons in an atom
atoms
smallest units of matter that can undergo chemical change
protons, neutrons
what does the nucleus contain?
253 terms
Chapter 2 - Exercise Physiology
Intrapleural Fluid
Trachea
Bronchi
Bronchioles
Fluid filled area surrounding lungs
the windpipe; connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs
main passageway to the lungs; left and right;
any of the minute branches into which a bronchus divides
Intrapleural Fluid
Fluid filled area surrounding lungs
Trachea
the windpipe; connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs
53 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
PROTON
NEUTRON
ATOMIC NUMBER
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
UNCHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN NUCLEUS
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
PROTON
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
97 terms
Ms. Becker Physiology Chapter 2
Chemical Energy
Mechanical Energy
Electrical Energy
Radiant Energy
energy form stored in bonds of chemical substances ... Ex. Hormo…
is directly involved in moving matter... Ex. digestion or moveme…
results from movement of charged particles ... Ex. Nerves
energy of the electromagnetic spectrum, which includes heat,…
Chemical Energy
energy form stored in bonds of chemical substances ... Ex. Hormo…
Mechanical Energy
is directly involved in moving matter... Ex. digestion or moveme…
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
30 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Protons+ neutrons
Determine the element (atomic number)
determine the isotope
form covalent bonds... gained or lost create ions... capture and st…
in nucleus ... atomic mass
Protons
Determine the element (atomic number)
Neutrons
determine the isotope
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
29 terms
Physiology Chapter 2 Key Terms
Acid
Adenosine Triphosphate
Amine Group
Base
Substance that dissociates and forms and excess of H Ions whe…
High-energy fuel molecule the cell needs to funciton
NH2 found in Amino Acids
Substance that combines with H+ Ions when dissolved in water
Acid
Substance that dissociates and forms and excess of H Ions whe…
Adenosine Triphosphate
High-energy fuel molecule the cell needs to funciton
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
47 terms
Physiology: Chapter 2: Cell Physiology
The liquid within the cytoplasm is cal…
Name the two kinds of organelles.
What are the 4 main functions of SER?
The two main lipids synthesized within…
Cytosol, 55%
1) Membranous organelles... 2) Non-membranous organelles
1) Packages products from the RER... 2) Lipid synthesis... 3) Detox…
Steroid hormones and cholesterols,
The liquid within the cytoplasm is cal…
Cytosol, 55%
Name the two kinds of organelles.
1) Membranous organelles... 2) Non-membranous organelles
82 terms
Cellular Physiology Chapter 2
Cell
Preexising Cells
1 or more
structure, function
What is the smallest unit of organismal life?
Where do cells come from?
How many cells are all living organisms composed of?
Cells are fundamentally similar in _ and _
Cell
What is the smallest unit of organismal life?
Preexising Cells
Where do cells come from?
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
21 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
atomic number
PET
Ion
trace minerals
on the top, tells number of protons
positron electron transmission. Used to show the uptake of a…
An element that gains or looses an electron and gains a net c…
they appear in very small quantities, but they are essential…
atomic number
on the top, tells number of protons
PET
positron electron transmission. Used to show the uptake of a…
41 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
sugars and starches
simple sugars with a single chain or single ring
two monosaccharides joined together with a lost water molecule
long chain of simple sugars
Carbohydrates
sugars and starches
Monosaccharides
simple sugars with a single chain or single ring
99 terms
Chapter 2 Physiology
Carbohydrate (Organic molecule)
Lipids
proteins
nuclei acid
- sugar... - monosacchaRides, polysaccharides and oligosaccharides
- fat... - steroids, triglycerides and phospholipids
- macromolecules, fundamental components of all living cells…
- genetic material ... - dna & rna
Carbohydrate (Organic molecule)
- sugar... - monosacchaRides, polysaccharides and oligosaccharides
Lipids
- fat... - steroids, triglycerides and phospholipids
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ino…
water
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
inorganic substances
most abundant compound in living material. major component of…
organic molecules
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
110 terms
Physiology of Psychology: Chapter 2
sensory neuron
motor neuron
interneuron
local interneuron
a neuron tat detects changes in the external or internal envi…
a neuron located within the central nervous system that contr…
a neuron located entirely within the central nervous system
form circuits within nearby neurons and analyze small pieces…
sensory neuron
a neuron tat detects changes in the external or internal envi…
motor neuron
a neuron located within the central nervous system that contr…
94 terms
Chapter 2: Anatomy & Physiology
respiration
inspriation
expiration
alveoli
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
breathing in
breathing out
small hallows or cavities in a structure
respiration
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
inspriation
breathing in
81 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
Atoms
Chemical element
Protons
Neutrons
The unit of matter that forms all chemical substances
What each type of atom is
Positive subatomic particle in the nucleus of an atom
Has no charge and is also in the nucleus
Atoms
The unit of matter that forms all chemical substances
Chemical element
What each type of atom is
81 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
Atoms
Chemical element
Protons
Neutrons
The unit of matter that forms all chemical substances
What each type of atom is
Positive subatomic particle in the nucleus of an atom
Has no charge and is also in the nucleus
Atoms
The unit of matter that forms all chemical substances
Chemical element
What each type of atom is
51 terms
chapter 2 physiology
in salt and water beaker.. ... solute?... so…
concentration
pH def
acid
solute: salt... solvent: water... solution: both water and salt
the amount solute per unit of solution
amount of ionized hydrogen from water in a solution
pH less than 7
in salt and water beaker.. ... solute?... so…
solute: salt... solvent: water... solution: both water and salt
concentration
the amount solute per unit of solution
45 terms
Human Physiology Chapter 2
what is the smallest living subdivisio…
what are cells divided into
what are the three primary regions of…
is the plasma membrane selective?
the cell
organells
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
yes af
what is the smallest living subdivisio…
the cell
what are cells divided into
organells
201 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Weight
Is the science of the structure and interactions of matter
Which is anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass is the amount of matter in any object which does not cha…
The force of gravity acting on matter does change
Chemistry
Is the science of the structure and interactions of matter
Matter
Which is anything that occupies space and has mass
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
The Chemical Level of Organization
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Ability to do work
Stored energy
Energy in motion
The Chemical Level of Organization
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Energy
Ability to do work
361 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
66 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
energy
energetics
2 types of energy
potential
the ability/capacity of physical system to do work on other p…
energy transfer between systems bioenergetics
potential... kinetic
stored energy
energy
the ability/capacity of physical system to do work on other p…
energetics
energy transfer between systems bioenergetics
152 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
definition of polar
is a polar molecule soluble?
is a polar molecule hydrophobic or hyd…
definition of non-polar
2 atoms with different electronegativites combine to form a c…
yes. polar molecules break apart in water
hydrophillic. (water loving)
the electrons are shared equally or nearly equally by the two…
definition of polar
2 atoms with different electronegativites combine to form a c…
is a polar molecule soluble?
yes. polar molecules break apart in water
174 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
Formed by living organisms, contain Ca…
Why is carbon important in biomolecules?
Types of biomolecules
Initial Elements aiding in formation o…
Biomolecules
There is only 4 electrons on valence shell, so great for maki…
Nucleic Acids, proteins, lipids, and polysaccharides
Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, phosphorus, and sulfur
Formed by living organisms, contain Ca…
Biomolecules
Why is carbon important in biomolecules?
There is only 4 electrons on valence shell, so great for maki…
152 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
definition of polar
is a polar molecule soluble?
is a polar molecule hydrophobic or hyd…
definition of non-polar
2 atoms with different electronegativites combine to form a c…
yes. polar molecules break apart in water
hydrophillic. (water loving)
the electrons are shared equally or nearly equally by the two…
definition of polar
2 atoms with different electronegativites combine to form a c…
is a polar molecule soluble?
yes. polar molecules break apart in water
26 terms
Physiology chapter 2
A typical cell, as seen by the light m…
protoplasm
Water
Ions
The different substances that make up the cell are collective…
70 to 85 percent.... Not in fat cells
ions in the cell include potassium, magnesium, phosphate, sul…
A typical cell, as seen by the light m…
protoplasm
The different substances that make up the cell are collective…
62 terms
Physiology chapter 2
mass of a proton
mass number
chemical bonds
covalent bonds
equal to the mass of a neutron... atomic number= number of prot…
sum of the protons and neutrons in an atom... ex. Carbon: 6 pro…
molecules formed through interaction of the valence electrons…
results when atoms share their valence electrons. the electro…
mass of a proton
equal to the mass of a neutron... atomic number= number of prot…
mass number
sum of the protons and neutrons in an atom... ex. Carbon: 6 pro…
41 terms
Physiology Chapter 2 Vocab
Polar Covalent Bond
Non-polar Covalent Bond
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
covalent chemical bond in which 2 electrons are shared unequa…
a bond between 2 atoms of similar electronegativity. Less sol…
not attracted to, and insoluble in, water... These molecules ar…
attracted to, and easily dissolved in, water... These molecules…
Polar Covalent Bond
covalent chemical bond in which 2 electrons are shared unequa…
Non-polar Covalent Bond
a bond between 2 atoms of similar electronegativity. Less sol…
124 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
matter exists in
physical changes
chemical changes
the "stuff" of the universe; anything that occupies space and…
solid, liquid, and gaseous states
do not alter the basic nature of a substance (ex. cutting foo…
do alter the composition of the substance (ex. fermenting gra…
Matter
the "stuff" of the universe; anything that occupies space and…
matter exists in
solid, liquid, and gaseous states
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2
Skeletal System
Periosteum
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
the bones of the body
outside layer of the bone
thick hard second layer of bone
network of pores and tunnels in center of bone
Skeletal System
the bones of the body
Periosteum
outside layer of the bone
49 terms
Physiology Chapter 2
The trillions of cells in a human body…
Most human cells have three major subd…
Review Figure 2.1!
What is the plasma membrane?
200
1) Plasma membrane (encloses the cells)... 2) Nucleus (contains…
...
The plasma membrane is a thin membranous structure that enclo…
The trillions of cells in a human body…
200
Most human cells have three major subd…
1) Plasma membrane (encloses the cells)... 2) Nucleus (contains…
Human Physiology Chapter 2
atom
protons
neutrons
electrons
smallest unity of an element
positively charged = atomic number
neutrally charged
negatively charged and circulating around the nucleus
atom
smallest unity of an element
protons
positively charged = atomic number
63 terms
Chapter 2 Physiology
cells
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
plasma membrane
nucleus
________ are the bridge between the molecules and humans.
3 major subdivisions of a cell
also called the cell membrane, surrounds every cell, separate…
typically largest single organized cell component, enclosed b…
cells
________ are the bridge between the molecules and humans.
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
3 major subdivisions of a cell
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Anything that takes up space and has mass
The amount of material in matter
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons, neutrons, and electrons
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Mass
The amount of material in matter
130 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
solid, liquid, and gas
solids
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
what are the three states of matter?
have definite shape and volume
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
33 terms
physiology: chapter 2
intrinsic
extrinsic
what does regulation have
Homeostasis
internal; from within the cell, tissue or organ
external; outside the cell tissue or organ ( neurons)
intrinsic and extrinsic
The central unifying theme in physiology ... -Maintaining a cons…
intrinsic
internal; from within the cell, tissue or organ
extrinsic
external; outside the cell tissue or organ ( neurons)
14 terms
Physiology Chapter 2 Vocab
anabole
endo
exo
glyco
a building up
inside
outside
sugar
anabole
a building up
endo
inside
85 terms
Chapter 2 Human Physiology
cations
anions
covalent bond
electronegativity
Positively charged ions
Negatively charged ions
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
the tendency of an atom or radical to attract electrons in th…
cations
Positively charged ions
anions
Negatively charged ions
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