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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 4"

134 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ascending tracts
axon
brain
Also called Lou Gehrig Disease. A progressive disease that be…
Tracts in the spinal cord that carry sensory information to t…
A single elongated projection from a nerve cell body that tra…
The largest and most complex unit of the nervous system, the…
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Also called Lou Gehrig Disease. A progressive disease that be…
ascending tracts
Tracts in the spinal cord that carry sensory information to t…
90 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
simple diffusion
flux
net flux
diffusion equillibrium
random thermal motion that redistributes solute from an area…
amount of material crossing a surface in a unit of time
difference between the two one-way fluxes, determines the net…
the nut flux is zero; flux is equal in magnitude but opposite…
simple diffusion
random thermal motion that redistributes solute from an area…
flux
amount of material crossing a surface in a unit of time
507 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
Physiology Chapter 4
Dermis
Epidermis
Hypodermis
Keratinocytes/keratin
Made up of dense fibrous connective tissue
Made up of stratified squamous epithelium, composed of 5 stra…
anchors the skin to underlying organs... adipose tissue... shock ab…
Produce keratin, the fibrous protein that makes the epidermis…
Dermis
Made up of dense fibrous connective tissue
Epidermis
Made up of stratified squamous epithelium, composed of 5 stra…
25 terms
Physiology vocab chapter 4
body membranes
serous membrane
serous fluid
peritoneum
thin sheets of tissue that cover the body, line body cavities…
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
various bodily fluids that are typically pale yellow and tran…
the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and cove…
body membranes
thin sheets of tissue that cover the body, line body cavities…
serous membrane
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
32 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
Four
Epithelial tissues... Connective tissues…
Epithelial tissues
Simple
Of all the cells in the body, they combine to make only (blan…
What are the four basic types of tissue
Cover body surfaces and form glands and line hollow organs, b…
What is the name of this tissue layer?
Four
Of all the cells in the body, they combine to make only (blan…
Epithelial tissues... Connective tissues…
What are the four basic types of tissue
44 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
Diffusion
flux
Net flux
Determinants of diffusion rates
energy free movement for small spaces
dependent on the size of the gradient; the amount of material…
the difference between he two one-way fluxes; difference of t…
temperature, mass, surface area, and medium
Diffusion
energy free movement for small spaces
flux
dependent on the size of the gradient; the amount of material…
96 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4
Four types of tissues
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscular tissue
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
Protects and supports the body and its organs. Some bind orga…
Composed of cells specialized for contraction and generation…
Four types of tissues
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Epithelial tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I: Chapter 4
Histology
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Basement Membrane or Basal Lamina
The study of tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
Includes epithelia that cover every exposed surface of the bo…
A structure found at the base of epithelial tissue that conne…
Histology
The study of tissues
Tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
49 terms
Chapter 4 Physiology
Polarization
Depolarization
Repolarization
Hyperpolarization
anytime the membrane potential is not at 0 mv. If their is a…
membrane becomes less polarized...moves towards 0mv. Inside o…
after depolarization, the membrane returns to resting potential
membrane becomes more polarized. ie. moves away from 0mv. Ins…
Polarization
anytime the membrane potential is not at 0 mv. If their is a…
Depolarization
membrane becomes less polarized...moves towards 0mv. Inside o…
132 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
1.Epithelial Tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with study of tissues
physician who examines cells and tissues to help other physic…
consists of cells arranged in continuous sheets in either sin…
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with study of tissues
27 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
Enzymes
Activation Energy
Catalyzed Reaction
Enzyme Activity
a class of proteins that:... -Increase the rate of a reaction... -A…
-The energy required for the reactants to engage in a reactio…
lowers the activation energy
-Function determined by structure ... Each enzyme gad a 3D shape…
Enzymes
a class of proteins that:... -Increase the rate of a reaction... -A…
Activation Energy
-The energy required for the reactants to engage in a reactio…
33 terms
Physiology (Chapter 4) Neurophysiology
Neurons
Glial cells
Astrocyte
Microglia
Main cell type which includes;... -dendrites... -cell body... -axon... -m…
Myelinating cells... PNS:... -Schwann cells... CNS: ... -Oligodendrocytes…
Most abundant glial cell in CNS ... -takes up excess K from ISF…
Phagocytic cells within NS... acts as lymphatic component
Neurons
Main cell type which includes;... -dendrites... -cell body... -axon... -m…
Glial cells
Myelinating cells... PNS:... -Schwann cells... CNS: ... -Oligodendrocytes…
119 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4
Aer-
Aerobic
An-
Anaerobic Respiration
Air
Respiratory process that requires oxygen
Without
Respiratory process that doesn't require oxygen
Aer-
Air
Aerobic
Respiratory process that requires oxygen
26 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 4
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
4.) ( CLASSIFIED BY ARRANGEMENT OF CELLS
5.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) SIMPLE SQUAMOU…
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
A.) SIMPLE B.) STRATIFIED
A.) SINGLE LAYER OF SCALELIKE CELLS ... B.) TRANSPORT IS FUNCTI…
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
43 terms
chapter 4 physiology
simple diffusion
diffusion equilibrium
what's the function of cellular respir…
3 factors in order for molecules to pa…
movement of molecules from one region to another because of r…
the state in which diffusion fluxes opposite directions are e…
to make ATP
1. must be non-polar (Co2, O2, steroid hormones)... 2. must be s…
simple diffusion
movement of molecules from one region to another because of r…
diffusion equilibrium
the state in which diffusion fluxes opposite directions are e…
59 terms
Essentials of Human anatomy and physiology Chapter 4
Epithelial Membrane
Cutaneous Membrane
Mucous Membrane
Serous Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages…
produces a watery fluid and lines closed body cavities; parie…
Epithelial Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
Cutaneous Membrane
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
74 terms
Chapter 4: Respiratory Physiology
tidal volume (Vt)
inspiratory reserve volume (IRV)
expiratory reserve volume (ERV)
residual volume (RV)
_____is the volume inspired or expired with each normal breath
_____ is the volume that can be inspired over and above the t…
_____is the volume that can be expired after the expiration o…
_____ is the volume that remains in the lungs after a maximal…
tidal volume (Vt)
_____is the volume inspired or expired with each normal breath
inspiratory reserve volume (IRV)
_____ is the volume that can be inspired over and above the t…
102 terms
Anatomy+Physiology Chapter 4
body membrane
epithelial membrane
cutaneous membrane
mucous membrane
cover surfaces, line body cavities, form protective (and ofte…
cutaneous membranes (skin), mucous membranes, and serous memb…
dry epithelial membrane of skin;... superficial epidermis compos…
wet epithelial membrane that lines all body cavities open to…
body membrane
cover surfaces, line body cavities, form protective (and ofte…
epithelial membrane
cutaneous membranes (skin), mucous membranes, and serous memb…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
444 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... n…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the three types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
19 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 4:A
epithelial tissue
endothelium
mesothelium
avascular
covers body surface; lines body cavities, hollow organs, and…
simple squamous epithelium that lines the heart, blood vessel…
epithelial layer of serous membranes
without blood vessels
epithelial tissue
covers body surface; lines body cavities, hollow organs, and…
endothelium
simple squamous epithelium that lines the heart, blood vessel…
32 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
105 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
The constant membrane potential presen…
Two types of cells, __________ and ___…
Nerve and muscle are considered ______…
Any time membrane potential is other t…
resting membrane potential
neurons and muscle cells
excitable tissues
polarization
The constant membrane potential presen…
resting membrane potential
Two types of cells, __________ and ___…
neurons and muscle cells
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 4
Epithelial tissue
Simple squamous
Simple cuboidal
Simple columnar
Sheet of cells that covers the body surface or cavities; Func…
Epithelial tissue; Thin and often permeable; ... Endothelium: Ly…
Epithelial tissue; Secretion and absorption; Kidney tubules a…
Epithelial tissue; Absorption and secretion; Digestive tract…
Epithelial tissue
Sheet of cells that covers the body surface or cavities; Func…
Simple squamous
Epithelial tissue; Thin and often permeable; ... Endothelium: Ly…
40 terms
Chapter 4 Intro To Human Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Anatomy
11 Organ Systems
Integumentary System
study of function
study of structure
Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardio…
skin, protects
Physiology
study of function
Anatomy
study of structure
46 terms
Physiology Bayer Chapter 4
Concentration Gradient
Charge Differences
Factors affecting particle movement
Van't Hoff Equation
Chemical Driving Force
Electrical Driving Force
Concentration Gradients... Charge differences
(movement of non-charged particles across cell membrane can b…
Concentration Gradient
Chemical Driving Force
Charge Differences
Electrical Driving Force
88 terms
Anatomy & physiology chapter 4
tissue
extracellular matrix
histology
embryonic tissue
groups of similar cells that perform a common function... -*incl…
space or fluid surrounding or in-between the cells
study of tissue
give rise to all tissue of body , primary tissue types are de…
tissue
groups of similar cells that perform a common function... -*incl…
extracellular matrix
space or fluid surrounding or in-between the cells
56 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I: Chapter 4
Histology
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Basement Membrane or Basal Lamina
The study of tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
Includes epithelia that cover every exposed surface of the bo…
A structure found at the base of epithelial tissue that conne…
Histology
The study of tissues
Tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
134 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ascending tracts
axon
brain
Also called Lou Gehrig Disease. A progressive disease that be…
Tracts in the spinal cord that carry sensory information to t…
A single elongated projection from a nerve cell body that tra…
The largest and most complex unit of the nervous system, the…
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Also called Lou Gehrig Disease. A progressive disease that be…
ascending tracts
Tracts in the spinal cord that carry sensory information to t…
36 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
Diffusion
What factors affect diffusion through…
What type of molecules can pass throug…
What type of molecules cannot pass thr…
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
Size, polarity, charge
Non-polar substances (CO2, O2, lipids, and steroids)
Polar substances and ions
Diffusion
the movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
What factors affect diffusion through…
Size, polarity, charge
58 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
62 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
active transport
passive transport
diffusion
membrane potential
transport of molecules across the membrane that requires ener…
transport of molecules across the membrane does not require e…
the movement of a molecule from one location to another simpl…
a difference in electrical potential or voltage that exists a…
active transport
transport of molecules across the membrane that requires ener…
passive transport
transport of molecules across the membrane does not require e…
43 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
Tissues
A group of cells that have a common or…
four types of tissue types
Tissues that cover body surfaces and f…
Group of cells with a common embryonic origin that function t…
tissue
Epithelial Connective Muscular Nervous
Epithelial Tissues
Tissues
Group of cells with a common embryonic origin that function t…
A group of cells that have a common or…
tissue
17 terms
human anatomy and physiology chapter 4
digestive system
gastrointestinal tract
carbohydrates
proteins
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
Hollow tube consisting of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stom…
a nutrient your body needs to function
a nutrient your body needs to function
digestive system
Breaks down food into smaller molecules. Absorbs these nutrie…
gastrointestinal tract
Hollow tube consisting of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stom…
40 terms
physiology chapter 4
Epithelial tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
protects and supports the body and its organs. Various types…
generates the physical force needed to make body structures m…
detects changes in a variety of conditions inside and outside…
Epithelial tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
Connective Tissue
protects and supports the body and its organs. Various types…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
24 terms
physiology chapter 4
_________is the amount of material cro…
____________molecules such as steroid…
What factors cause an increase in flux…
Define flux and net flux.
Flux
(NON-POLAR)
Increase in flux:... -temperature... -surface area for diffusion... De…
-Amount of material crossing a surface in a unit of time. (de…
_________is the amount of material cro…
Flux
____________molecules such as steroid…
(NON-POLAR)
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
25 terms
Physiology Chapter 4 Vocab
Body membranes
Serous membrane
Serous fluid
Peritoneum
This tissue layers that cover surfaces, line cavities and div…
The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavitie…
fluid that lubricates organs and allows them glide without fr…
Double-layered membrane surrounding the abdominal organs
Body membranes
This tissue layers that cover surfaces, line cavities and div…
Serous membrane
The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavitie…
16 terms
physiology chapter 4
keratinocytes
Epithelial membranes
Cutaneous membrane
Mucous membrane
Most cells of the epidermis are keratinocytes which produce k…
Called covering and lining membranes, include the cutaneous m…
Covered with a stratifiedy squamous epithelium, called the ep…
Composed of epithelium resting on a loose connective tissue m…
keratinocytes
Most cells of the epidermis are keratinocytes which produce k…
Epithelial membranes
Called covering and lining membranes, include the cutaneous m…
25 terms
Chapter 4 Physiology Vocabulary
Body Membranes
serous membrane
Serous fluid
peritoneum
cover surfaces, line body cavities, and form protective sheet…
Membrane that lines a cavity without an opening to the outsid…
a clear watery fluid secreted by the cells of a serous membra…
The serous membrane lining the interior of the abdominal cavi…
Body Membranes
cover surfaces, line body cavities, and form protective sheet…
serous membrane
Membrane that lines a cavity without an opening to the outsid…
90 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
simple diffusion
flux
net flux
diffusion equillibrium
random thermal motion that redistributes solute from an area…
amount of material crossing a surface in a unit of time
difference between the two one-way fluxes, determines the net…
the nut flux is zero; flux is equal in magnitude but opposite…
simple diffusion
random thermal motion that redistributes solute from an area…
flux
amount of material crossing a surface in a unit of time
25 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary Physiology
Body Membranes
Serous Membrane
Serous Fluid
Peritoneum
a pliable sheetlike structure acting as a boundary, lining, o…
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
is used for various bodily fluids that are typically pale yel…
the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and cove…
Body Membranes
a pliable sheetlike structure acting as a boundary, lining, o…
Serous Membrane
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4
enzymes
metabolism
anabolism
dehydration synthesis
special proteins that control the rate of each reaction; can…
the sum total of chemical reactions in the cell; very complex
type of metabolic process in which larger molecules are const…
type of anabolic process in which sugar molecules form glycog…
enzymes
special proteins that control the rate of each reaction; can…
metabolism
the sum total of chemical reactions in the cell; very complex
27 terms
Physiology Chapter 4
simple diffusion
flux
net flux
diffusion equillibrium
random thermal motion that redistributes solute from an area…
amount of material crossing a surface in a unit of time
difference between the two one-way fluxes, determines the net…
the nut flux is zero; flux is equal in magnitude but opposite…
simple diffusion
random thermal motion that redistributes solute from an area…
flux
amount of material crossing a surface in a unit of time
364 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
507 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
52 terms
PHYSIOLOGY chapter 4
communication
nervous and endocrine
polarization
depolarization
______________ is critical for the survival of the cells that…
two major regulatory systems of the body
any state when the membrane potential is other than 0mV
membrane becomes less polarized than at resting potential
communication
______________ is critical for the survival of the cells that…
nervous and endocrine
two major regulatory systems of the body
62 terms
NWACC Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 4
Epithelial tissue
connective tissue
Muscle tissue
neural tissue
covers exposed surfaces. lines internal passageways and chamb…
fills internal spaces, provides structural support for other…
specialized for contraction and includes the skeletal muscles…
carries information from one part of the body to another in t…
Epithelial tissue
covers exposed surfaces. lines internal passageways and chamb…
connective tissue
fills internal spaces, provides structural support for other…
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