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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 5"

25 terms
Physiology Chapter 5
afferent nerves
autonomic nervous system
cranial nerves
dermatome
sensory nerves that link sensory receptors with the central n…
a division of the peripheral nervous system compost of nerves…
Twelve pairs of nerves that originate from the olfactory bulb…
A cutaneous (skin) section supplied by a single spinal nerve.
afferent nerves
sensory nerves that link sensory receptors with the central n…
autonomic nervous system
a division of the peripheral nervous system compost of nerves…
28 terms
Physiology Chapter 5
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Catabolism Drives Anabolism
All of the reactions in the body that require energy transfer.
requires the input of energy to synthesize large molecules
releases energy by breaking down large molecules into small m…
The catabolic reactions that break down glucose, fatty acids,…
Metabolism
All of the reactions in the body that require energy transfer.
Anabolism
requires the input of energy to synthesize large molecules
366 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
dermatology
Epidermal Ridges
List the five parts of the integumentary system
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
medical specialty that deals with the ... diagnosis and treatmen…
A
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
List the five parts of the integumentary system
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I- Chapter 5
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis (subcutaneous)
Accessory structures
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
Found under the skin. Contains larger blood vessels, nerves,…
hair, nails and exocrine glands
Epidermis
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Dermis
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
61 terms
Physiology Chapter 5
-outer most layer of the heart
-middle muscular layer of the heart
-lines the heart
-receiving chambers of the heart ... -rig…
pericardium (epicardium)
myocardium
endocardium
atrium
-outer most layer of the heart
pericardium (epicardium)
-middle muscular layer of the heart
myocardium
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5: Axial Skeleton
Temporal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Nasal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
External occipital protuberance (bump); Foramen Magnum (whole…
"Bridge" of nose (where glasses rest)
Temporal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
Parietal Bone
76 terms
Physiology - Chapter 5
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Afferent division
Efferent division
Brain and spinal cord
Everything in the peripherals; afferent and efferent divisions
Carries information to the CNS from peripheral receptors; sen…
Carries instructions from the CNS to the effector organs; mot…
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Everything in the peripherals; afferent and efferent divisions
29 terms
Physiology- Chapter 5
Central nervous system
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent division
Efferent Division
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Consists of nerve fibres that carry info between other parts…
Carries info to CNS... Two Branches: Sympathetic, Parasympathetic
Carries info away from CNS to effector organs... Divided into: S…
Central nervous system
Consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of nerve fibres that carry info between other parts…
17 terms
chapter 5 physiology
chemical messengers
examples of chemical messengers (3)
receptor
specificity
can communicate a signal from one cell to another
hormones... neurotransmitters... paracrine/autocrine substances
a specific protein that a chemical messenger binds with, that…
the ability of a receptor to bind a limited number of chemica…
chemical messengers
can communicate a signal from one cell to another
examples of chemical messengers (3)
hormones... neurotransmitters... paracrine/autocrine substances
112 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
103 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 5
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
1.Protection of underlying tissues and organs... 2.excretion of…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
1.Protection of underlying tissues and organs... 2.excretion of…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
40 terms
Chapter 5 Physiology
What is Tissue:
What are the 4 major types of Tissue
List the 5 general characteristics of…
Explain the two ways epithelial tissue…
a collection of similar cells that perform a specialized... func…
Nervous, Muscular, Connective and Epithelial
1) ALWAYS has a free (apical) surface which is exposed to out…
Cell shape... Layers of cells
What is Tissue:
a collection of similar cells that perform a specialized... func…
What are the 4 major types of Tissue
Nervous, Muscular, Connective and Epithelial
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 Integumentary System
Epidermis
Stratum Basal
Stratum Corneum
Dermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
Tough, outer layer with keratin
Middle layer, thick and deep w/ blood vessels, receptors, gla…
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Stratum Basal
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 Integumentary System
Epidermis
Stratum Basale
Stratum Corneum
Dermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
Tough, outer layer with keratin
Middle layer, thick and deep w/ blood vessels, receptors, gla…
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Stratum Basale
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
62 terms
physiology chapter 5 study guide
pericardium
epicardium
myocardium
endocardium
outermost layer of the heart
outermost layer of the heart... (second name for pericardium)
middle muscular layer of the heart
lines the heart
pericardium
outermost layer of the heart
epicardium
outermost layer of the heart... (second name for pericardium)
26 terms
Anatomy Physiology Chapter 5: Human Skeleton
Cranium
Mandible
Clavicle
Manubrium
Cranium
Mandible
21 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
Simple squamous epithelium... 1. nucleus…
simple cuboidal epithelium... 1. simple c…
simple columnar epithelium... 1. microvil…
nonkeratinized stratified squamous epi…
Simple squamous epithelium... 1. nucleus…
simple cuboidal epithelium... 1. simple c…
37 terms
Chapter 5 Physiology
The two functional components of the i…
Regulating heat exchange with the envi…
The structures of the integumentary sy…
all of the following are functions of…
cutaneous
normal
all
vitamin a
The two functional components of the i…
cutaneous
Regulating heat exchange with the envi…
normal
33 terms
Chapter 5- (in Spanish) Physiology
Calorie
carbohydrate
chloroplast
circulatory system
(caloría) 1000 calorías, usadas para medir la energía térmica…
(carbohidratos) azúcar o almidón, suministra energía al cuerpo
(cloroplasto) organelo en las células de las plantas que cont…
(sistema circulatorio) el sistema de órganos que transportan…
Calorie
(caloría) 1000 calorías, usadas para medir la energía térmica…
carbohydrate
(carbohidratos) azúcar o almidón, suministra energía al cuerpo
15 terms
Physiology Chapter 5
Catabolism
Anabolism
Phosphorylation
Lactic Acid Pathway
breaks down molecules and releases... energy
makes larger molecules and requires... energy
glucose must be activated with 2ATPs
To avoid end-product inhibition NADHs produced in... glycolysis…
Catabolism
breaks down molecules and releases... energy
Anabolism
makes larger molecules and requires... energy
30 terms
Physiology Chapter 5 Vocab
Axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
long bone
short bone
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
The most common class of bone in the body, long bones have a…
bones of the wrist and ankles
Axial skeleton
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
appendicular skeleton
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
12 terms
Physiology Chapter 5 Vocab
Cornu
Cutis
Derma
Epi
Horn
Skin
Skin
Above(over)
Cornu
Horn
Cutis
Skin
61 terms
Physiology Chapter 5
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Afferent Division
Efferent Division
Consisting of the brain and the spinal cord, receives input a…
Consisting of the nerve fibers that carry information between…
Carries information from the PNS to the CNS.
Muscles or glands that carry out the orders received from the…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Consisting of the brain and the spinal cord, receives input a…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Consisting of the nerve fibers that carry information between…
Physiology chapter 5
3 step process for receipt of informat…
signal causes receptor to change shape…
receptor initiates a series of steps t…
extremely varied but appropriate for t…
1. receptor activation. 2. signal transduction. 3. cellular r…
receptor activation
Signal transduction
cellular response
3 step process for receipt of informat…
1. receptor activation. 2. signal transduction. 3. cellular r…
signal causes receptor to change shape…
receptor activation
55 terms
Chapter 5 Physiology of Phonation
Coughing
Throat clearing
Abdominal Fixation
Dilate
Forceful evacuation of the respiratory passageway, response t…
Build pressure in subglottal region and clamp vocal folds shu…
Process of impounding air in thorax to stabilize torso. Provi…
To open or expand an orifice. The need for air causes you to…
Coughing
Forceful evacuation of the respiratory passageway, response t…
Throat clearing
Build pressure in subglottal region and clamp vocal folds shu…
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Tissue
Epithelial tissue
Squamous
cuboidal
Groups of cells that have specialized structural and function…
Tissue that is made of tightly packed cells with little inter…
flattened epithelial
cube-shaped epithelial
Tissue
Groups of cells that have specialized structural and function…
Epithelial tissue
Tissue that is made of tightly packed cells with little inter…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5: Appendicular Skeleton
Pectoral/Shoulder Girdle
What Joint do the Clavicle and Scapula…
Clavicle
Scapula
Attachment site for upper extremities;... 1. Clavicle... 2. Scapula
Acromioclavicular Joint (AC):it hoods the shoulder joint.
1. Glenoid Cavity:socket of shoulder joint... 2. Medial Border... 3…
Pectoral/Shoulder Girdle
Attachment site for upper extremities;... 1. Clavicle... 2. Scapula
What Joint do the Clavicle and Scapula…
Acromioclavicular Joint (AC):it hoods the shoulder joint.
30 terms
Physiology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Long Bone
Short Bone
is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the…
is the portion of the skeleton of vertebrates consisting of t…
are hard, dense bones that provide strength, structure, and m…
are designated as those bones that are as wide as they are lo…
Axial Skeleton
is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the…
Appendicular Skeleton
is the portion of the skeleton of vertebrates consisting of t…
30 terms
Chapter 5 Physiology Vocab
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
long bone
short bone
the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the he…
the portion of the skeleton of vertebrates consisting of the…
hard, dense bones that provide strength, structure, and mobil…
bones that are as wide as they are long
axial skeleton
the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the he…
appendicular skeleton
the portion of the skeleton of vertebrates consisting of the…
18 terms
chapter 5 physiology
receptor
specificity
affinity
saturation
Protein that detects a signal molecule and performs a response
The characteristic of each enzyme being able to catalyze only…
the strength with which a chemical messenger binds to its rec…
the degree to which receptors are occupied by messengers
receptor
Protein that detects a signal molecule and performs a response
specificity
The characteristic of each enzyme being able to catalyze only…
40 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: chapter 5 skeletal system
Appendicular skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Bursa
Diaphysis
Bones of limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axia…
Bones of the skull vertrebal column,thorax and sternum.
Small sac filled with fluid and located at friction points, e…
Elongated shaft of a long bone
Appendicular skeleton
Bones of limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axia…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the skull vertrebal column,thorax and sternum.
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 5
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
77 terms
Physiology chapter 5
CNS
afferent division of PNS
efferent division of PNS
somatic nervous system
consists of brain and spinal cord
carries information to the CNS, sensory stimuli, visceral sti…
carries information away from CNS to effector organs (muscles…
consists of fibers of motor neurons that supply skeletal musc…
CNS
consists of brain and spinal cord
afferent division of PNS
carries information to the CNS, sensory stimuli, visceral sti…
109 terms
Newkirk Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
79 terms
Chapter 5 Physiology
Osmosis
Tonicity
Iso
hypertonic
movement of water across the cell membrane due to solute conc…
how a solution affects cell shape, isotonic, hypertonic and h…
same solute concentration
more solute than another
Osmosis
movement of water across the cell membrane due to solute conc…
Tonicity
how a solution affects cell shape, isotonic, hypertonic and h…
23 terms
Physiology Chapter 5
What is the importance of chemical mes…
Receptors
Specificity
Saturation
Cell division, protein synthesis, lipid and steroid synthesis…
a specific protein in either the plasma membrane or the inter…
The ability of a receptor to bing only one type or a limited…
the degree to which receptors are occupied by messengers
What is the importance of chemical mes…
Cell division, protein synthesis, lipid and steroid synthesis…
Receptors
a specific protein in either the plasma membrane or the inter…
94 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy and Physiology
integumentary system
integument
epidermis
dermis
covers the external body
means body covering, contains many accessory structures
made of stratified squamous epithelium and is the thinnest, o…
made up of dense irregular and loose connective tissue ... and i…
integumentary system
covers the external body
integument
means body covering, contains many accessory structures
124 terms
Physiology: Chapter 5
Afferent Division of the Nervous Syste…
Efferent nervous system... 1) Function... 2)…
What are the two subsystems of the eff…
What does the somatic nervous system do?
1) Bring sensory input to the CNS (The "sensor")... 2) Sensory n…
1) Brings information away from the CNS to the effector sites…
1) Somatic... 2) Autonomic
They supply muscle with input from the motor neurons
Afferent Division of the Nervous Syste…
1) Bring sensory input to the CNS (The "sensor")... 2) Sensory n…
Efferent nervous system... 1) Function... 2)…
1) Brings information away from the CNS to the effector sites…
12 terms
Physiology chapter 5
Adipose tissue
Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Connective tissue
Fat - storing tissue
Type of connective tissue in which cells are located within l…
A cartilage cell
One of the basic types of tissue that includes bone, cartilag…
Adipose tissue
Fat - storing tissue
Cartilage
Type of connective tissue in which cells are located within l…
63 terms
Physiology chapter 5
Receptors for lipophobic messengers ar…
Which of the following are proteins on…
Chemical messengers derived from chole…
Which of the following chemical messen…
D. plasma membrane
D. receptors
B. steroid messengers
C. hormone
Receptors for lipophobic messengers ar…
D. plasma membrane
Which of the following are proteins on…
D. receptors
97 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5
Integumentary system
Dermatology
Skin/Cutaneous membrane
Components of the integumentary system
Composed of the skin, hair, oil, sweat glands, nails, and sen…
Medical specialty that deals with the structure, function, an…
Covers the external surface of the body and is the largest or…
Epidermis and dermis
Integumentary system
Composed of the skin, hair, oil, sweat glands, nails, and sen…
Dermatology
Medical specialty that deals with the structure, function, an…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5 The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
16 terms
physiology chapter 5
general mechanisms of intracellular co…
direct mechanisms
indirect mechanisms
components of chemical messenger
indirect and direct
gap junctions
chemical messengers
messenger and target cell
general mechanisms of intracellular co…
indirect and direct
direct mechanisms
gap junctions
46 terms
Physiology Chapter 5
-opening receptor-channels ... -activatin…
hormones
hydrophilic ... lipophilic
hydrophilic hormones
Actions of chemical messengers
long distance chemical messengers secreted by the endocrine g…
two groups of hormones based on solubility
highly water soluble; low lipid solubility
-opening receptor-channels ... -activatin…
Actions of chemical messengers
hormones
long distance chemical messengers secreted by the endocrine g…
34 terms
Physiology Chapter 5 (Sensory Physiology)
Specialized Cells and receptors transm…
Two types of sensory reception:
Chemoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Environmental energy
1) Internal... -subconscious control... 2) External... -Conscious co…
Sense chemical or liquid changes... -taste, smell (external), CO…
Changes in temp... -hot, cold, skin
Specialized Cells and receptors transm…
Environmental energy
Two types of sensory reception:
1) Internal... -subconscious control... 2) External... -Conscious co…
90 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 5 Skeletal System
Functions of the skeletal system
osseous tissue
osteocyte
Support
Support... Storage... Blood cell production - Hematopoiesis ... Protec…
also known as bone
mature bone cell
Provides a framework for the entire body.
Functions of the skeletal system
Support... Storage... Blood cell production - Hematopoiesis ... Protec…
osseous tissue
also known as bone
79 terms
CHAPTER 5 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
Simple Squamous Epithelial
Simple cuboidal epithelial
Simple Columnar Epithelial
Pseudostratified columnar epithelial
Simple Squamous Epithelial
Simple cuboidal epithelial
33 terms
8_Chapter 5 Physiology
Calorie
carbohydrate
chloroplast
circulatory system
1000 calories, used to measure heat energy in food
sugar or starch, supplies energy to the body
organelle in plant cells that contains chlorophyll, site of p…
the system of organs which transports materials through the b…
Calorie
1000 calories, used to measure heat energy in food
carbohydrate
sugar or starch, supplies energy to the body
26 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy and Physiology pictures
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
87 terms
NWACC Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 5
Integumentary system
cutaneous membrane
epidermis
superficial epithelium
Consists of the skin (main - cutaneous membrane), hair, and n…
skin
Outer layer of skin (superficial epithelium)
epidermis
Integumentary system
Consists of the skin (main - cutaneous membrane), hair, and n…
cutaneous membrane
skin
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