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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 6"

76 terms
Chapter 6 physiology terms
What is the extracellular environment…
Describe the body's water content dist…
What is interstitial fluid and where i…
What are the main components of the ex…
Made up of interstitial fluid which is derived of blood plasm…
67% of the totall body water is contained within cells in the…
Fluid contained within the gel like extracellular matrix. Oxy…
A combination of proteins collagen and elastin with a gel lik…
What is the extracellular environment…
Made up of interstitial fluid which is derived of blood plasm…
Describe the body's water content dist…
67% of the totall body water is contained within cells in the…
380 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
osseous tissue
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
remodeling
osteology
what is another name for bone tissue?
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
the study of bone structure and ... treatment of bone disorders
osseous tissue
what is another name for bone tissue?
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6
Trapezius
Deltoid
Latissimus dorsi
Pectoralis major
Lifts shoulder blade... Braces shoulder... Draws head back
Raises arm
Rotates and draws arm backward and toward body
Draws arm forward and toward body
Trapezius
Lifts shoulder blade... Braces shoulder... Draws head back
Deltoid
Raises arm
90 terms
Chapter 6 Human Anatomy and Physiology
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
30 terms
Physiology Chapter 6 Vocab
muscular fiber
endomysium
perimysium
fascicle
muscle cells that contract, or shorten, when they are stimula…
Surrounds individual muscle fibers
The connective tissue that surrounds fascicles.
bundle of muscle fibers
muscular fiber
muscle cells that contract, or shorten, when they are stimula…
endomysium
Surrounds individual muscle fibers
60 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy and Physiology
Cells are made up of a colorless, jell…
The principal parts of the cell are th…
The center of the cell contains the __…
The protoplasm of a cell that surround…
protoplasm
nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
Cells are made up of a colorless, jell…
protoplasm
The principal parts of the cell are th…
nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell membrane
81 terms
Physiology chapter 6
Electrical and chemical
Electrical
Chemical
Local and long-distance
Two types of physiological signals that sells have are?
What type of physiological signals are signal changes in the…
What type of physiological signals are secreted by the cells…
Two general types of cell to cell communication
Electrical and chemical
Two types of physiological signals that sells have are?
Electrical
What type of physiological signals are signal changes in the…
41 terms
Physiology Chapter 6
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous system
Functional classes of neurons
Principles of Electricity
Brain and spinal cord
nerves that connect to the spinal cord and brain with the bod…
afferent neuron, interneuron, efferent neuron
Interaction of positive and negative charges, Ohm's Law
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous system
nerves that connect to the spinal cord and brain with the bod…
46 terms
Physiology Chapter 6
Extracellular Environment
Fluids
Extracellular Matrix
Integrins
The extracellular environment includes everything located out…
67% of our water is within cells in the intracellular compart…
Contains protein fibers (structural support) of collagen and…
are glycoproteins that extend from the cell cytoskeleton and…
Extracellular Environment
The extracellular environment includes everything located out…
Fluids
67% of our water is within cells in the intracellular compart…
81 terms
Physiology- Chapter 6
What is the PNS divided into
What does the afferent division include
What is the efferent division divided…
What does the somatic nervous system c…
afferent... efferent
Sensory stimuli (our 5 senses) and Visceral Stimuli (organs)
somatic and autonomic
Motor neurons that stimulate skeletal muscle
What is the PNS divided into
afferent... efferent
What does the afferent division include
Sensory stimuli (our 5 senses) and Visceral Stimuli (organs)
96 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy Physiology
Periosteum
Endochondral
Epiphyses
Hyaline
The membranous outer covering of a long bone
The method of ossification forming most bones
The enlarged ends of a long bone
Articular cartilage is an example of this cartilage type
Periosteum
The membranous outer covering of a long bone
Endochondral
The method of ossification forming most bones
87 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 6
HEALTH
DISEASE
ETIOLOGY
IDIOPATHIC
PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING, NOT MERELY THE ABSENC…
AN ABNORMALITY IN BODY FUNCTION THAT THREATENS HEALTH
THE STUDY OF THE FACTORS THAT CAUSE A DISEASE
REFERS TO A DISEASE WITH AN UNKNOWN CAUSE
HEALTH
PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING, NOT MERELY THE ABSENC…
DISEASE
AN ABNORMALITY IN BODY FUNCTION THAT THREATENS HEALTH
30 terms
Physiology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Muscle Fiber
Endomysium
Perimysium
Fascicle
multinucleated contractile cells varying from less than 10-10…
is a wispy layer of areolar connective tissue that ensheaths…
the sheath of connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscl…
a bundle of structures, such as nerve or muscle fibers or con…
Muscle Fiber
multinucleated contractile cells varying from less than 10-10…
Endomysium
is a wispy layer of areolar connective tissue that ensheaths…
141 terms
chapter 6:Human Physiology
Molecular form after ingestion: Proteins
Molecular form after ingestion: Trigly…
Molecular form after ingestion: Mono,…
Molecular form after ingestion: DNA, R…
Amino acids
glycerol and fatty acid
Monosaccharides
Nucleotides
Molecular form after ingestion: Proteins
Amino acids
Molecular form after ingestion: Trigly…
glycerol and fatty acid
136 terms
physiology chapter 6
overshoot
tract
excitory postsynaptic potential
agonist
part of the action potential in which membrane potential goes…
large mylinated nerve fiber bundle in CNS
depolarizing graded potential in postsynaptic neuron in respo…
chemical receptor that binds to receptor and triggers cells r…
overshoot
part of the action potential in which membrane potential goes…
tract
large mylinated nerve fiber bundle in CNS
73 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: Many Muscles
Masseter
Obicularis Oris
Obicularis oculi
Frontal belly
Masseter
Obicularis Oris
37 terms
Physiology Chapter 6 Vocab
ab
acetabulum
ad
amphi
from
a vinegar cup
toward
on both sides
ab
from
acetabulum
a vinegar cup
55 terms
Physiology Chapter 6
brainstem
spinal cord
connective tissue sheath
vertebra
Where do cranial nerves originate?
Where do spinal nerves emerge?
Nerves contain many neuron axons bundled together into what?
One spinal nerve goes off to left, one goes off to right at e…
brainstem
Where do cranial nerves originate?
spinal cord
Where do spinal nerves emerge?
380 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
osseous tissue
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
remodeling
osteology
what is another name for bone tissue?
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
the study of bone structure and ... treatment of bone disorders
osseous tissue
what is another name for bone tissue?
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
34 terms
Physiology Chapter 6
inability to get back to homeostasis i…
what are the properties of the plasma…
movement of water and solutes is criti…
passive transport
disease
separates intracellular and extracellular environments, selec…
it provides nutrients to cells, transport of hormones and sig…
net movement of ions down concentration gradient from higher…
inability to get back to homeostasis i…
disease
what are the properties of the plasma…
separates intracellular and extracellular environments, selec…
50 terms
Physiology Chapter 6
What are the main divisions of the ner…
What are the different types of cells…
Which cells are found in the CNS?
Afferent Neurons
The CNS (brain and spinal cord) and the PNS (nerves that conn…
neruons and glial cells
Afferent neurons, efferent neurons, interneurons, astrocytes,…
transmit information into the CNS from receptors at their per…
What are the main divisions of the ner…
The CNS (brain and spinal cord) and the PNS (nerves that conn…
What are the different types of cells…
neruons and glial cells
154 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
osseous tissue
remodeling
osteology
6 functions of the skeletal system
what is another name for bone tissue?
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
the study of bone structure and ... treatment of bone disorders
support... protection... assistance in movement... mineral homeostasis…
osseous tissue
what is another name for bone tissue?
remodeling
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
50 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: Many Muscles
Masseter
Obicularis Oris
Obicularis oculi
Frontalis
Masseter
Obicularis Oris
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 6
Respiratory System
Mucus
Vocal Chords
Alveoli
Nose, trachea and lungs
Sticky substance that removes dirt before your lungs
Strips of tissue that pull tightly to make sound
Balloon-like sacs in the lungs
Respiratory System
Nose, trachea and lungs
Mucus
Sticky substance that removes dirt before your lungs
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Integument System
Epidermis
Dermis
Subcutaneous layer
6 Major Functions of the Skin
The outer layer of the skin
The inner layer of the skin
what lies underneath the dermis
1. Protective Covering... 2. Helps Regulate Body Temps... 3. Retain…
Epidermis
The outer layer of the skin
Dermis
The inner layer of the skin
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
Epidermis
Keratinocyte
Melanocyte
Tactile Cell
Epithelium of the integument ... Keratinized Stratified Squamou…
Epidermal cell that produces keratin... Protein that strengthen…
Mature Melanin-typically in cell... Apart of the Stratum Basale
Few in number and found scattered among the cells within the…
Epidermis
Epithelium of the integument ... Keratinized Stratified Squamou…
Keratinocyte
Epidermal cell that produces keratin... Protein that strengthen…
39 terms
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 6 - Bone Tissue
Osteology
Red bone marrow
Periosteum
Compact bone
The study of anatomy, structure, and function of the bones.
Hemopoietic tissue that manufactures red blood cells, hemoglo…
Bone covering essential for growth, repair, and nutrition. Ma…
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
Osteology
The study of anatomy, structure, and function of the bones.
Red bone marrow
Hemopoietic tissue that manufactures red blood cells, hemoglo…
35 terms
Chapter 6- Anatomy & Physiology
cytoplasm
cells
Anatomy
nucleus
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which contains food mate…
Basic units of life
..., Branch of science dealing with the form and structure of…
'Control center' of cell, meaning it controls cellular proces…
cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which contains food mate…
cells
Basic units of life
17 terms
physiology chapter 6
function of primary endocrine system
function of secondary endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
secrete hormones
something else that involves sending hormones
driver of the endocrine system
sends tropic and sex hormones to the hypothalamus
function of primary endocrine system
secrete hormones
function of secondary endocrine system
something else that involves sending hormones
40 terms
chapter 6 anatomy and physiology
cell metabolism
tissue
organ
nerve tissues
a chemical process that takes place in living organism, where…
Collection of similar cells that perform a particular function
groups of tissues designed to perform z specific functions... A…
carries messages to and from the brain. nerve tissue is compo…
cell metabolism
a chemical process that takes place in living organism, where…
tissue
Collection of similar cells that perform a particular function
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: Muscles to Know
Trapezius
Deltoid
Latissimus dorsi
Pectoralis major
Lifts shoulder blade... Braces shoulder... Draws head back
Raises arm
Rotates and draws arm backward and toward body
Draws arm forward and toward body
Trapezius
Lifts shoulder blade... Braces shoulder... Draws head back
Deltoid
Raises arm
69 terms
physiology chapter 6
primary endorcrine organs
the endocrine system
secondary endocrine organs
pineal gland
primary job is to release hormones
endocrine glands and hormone actions
the heart ,... stomach... liver... kidney... small intestine... skin... someone…
function unknown ... -releases Melatonin... regulates biological r…
primary endorcrine organs
primary job is to release hormones
the endocrine system
endocrine glands and hormone actions
25 terms
Chapter 6 Holes Anatomy and Physiology
List the strata of the skin, in order…
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Stratum Basale, Stratum Spinosum, Stratum Granulosum, Stratum…
Top layer of the skin, made up of epithelial tissue.
The area of skin underneath the epidermis, and above the hypo…
Area underneath the Dermis.
List the strata of the skin, in order…
Stratum Basale, Stratum Spinosum, Stratum Granulosum, Stratum…
Epidermis
Top layer of the skin, made up of epithelial tissue.
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
Skeletal system has these 6 important…
Hemopoiesis
Long bones:... Diaphysis
Long bones:... Epiphysis
1. Provides support... 2. Protects internal organs ... 3. Assists b…
red bone marrow
Bone shaft
2- both ends of the bone at the joints
Skeletal system has these 6 important…
1. Provides support... 2. Protects internal organs ... 3. Assists b…
Hemopoiesis
red bone marrow
52 terms
Physiology Chapter 6
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland(Hypophysis)
Infundibulum
Pituitary gland anterior lobe(adenohyp…
Endocrine Gland.
...
Thin stalk of tissue connecting hypothalamus to pituitary gland
Half of pituitary gland that is derived from epithelial tissu…
Hypothalamus
Endocrine Gland.
Pituitary Gland(Hypophysis)
...
235 terms
Human Physiology, Chapter 6
Humans come from a single cell and und…
What are the four specialized cell typ…
Tissues will combine together to form…
Give an example of an organ and it fun…
The cell divides many times and with each division the cell b…
Epithelial cells (Epithelial Tissue), Connective Tissue Cells…
Functional units are units of work in the body organs.
The kidney is an organ that is made up of a mass of tissues.…
Humans come from a single cell and und…
The cell divides many times and with each division the cell b…
What are the four specialized cell typ…
Epithelial cells (Epithelial Tissue), Connective Tissue Cells…
74 terms
Physiology chapter 6
Which of the following is considered a…
The hypothalamus secretes corticotropi…
Which endocrine structure is NOT invol…
Which of the following is NOT regulate…
C. the liver
C. ACTH
C. posterior pituitary
A. cortisol levels
Which of the following is considered a…
C. the liver
The hypothalamus secretes corticotropi…
C. ACTH
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
functions of skeletal system
components of skeletal system
cartilage
tendons
1) support... 2) protection... 3) movement... 4) storage... 5) blood cell…
all components are connective tissues... 1) bone ... 2) cartilage... 3…
reduce friction and model for bone formation
attach bone to muscle
functions of skeletal system
1) support... 2) protection... 3) movement... 4) storage... 5) blood cell…
components of skeletal system
all components are connective tissues... 1) bone ... 2) cartilage... 3…
9 terms
Chapter 6 physiology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Cell Body (Soma)
Dendrites
Brain and Spinal cord
nerve fibers extending from CNS
in cells with long extensions, the part that contains the nuc…
highly branched extension of neuron cell body; receives synap…
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
nerve fibers extending from CNS
16 terms
Physiology: Chapter 6 Reflex Physiology
reflex physiology
parts of reflex arc
receptor
sensory neuron
- Reflexes are automatic, subconscious response to changes wi…
- receptor... - sensory neuron... - integration center... - motor neur…
- detects the stimulus.... a) Description: the receptor end of a…
- conveys the sensory info. to brain or spinal cord.... a. Descr…
reflex physiology
- Reflexes are automatic, subconscious response to changes wi…
parts of reflex arc
- receptor... - sensory neuron... - integration center... - motor neur…
51 terms
Chapter 6 - Anatomy & Physiology
Keratinocytes Function
Melanocytes Function
Epidermis
Dermis
Produce the fibrous protein keratin (found in skin, hair, and…
Produce the brown pigment protein melanin which protects the…
Superficial, thinner; keratinized stratified squamous
Middle, thicker; dense irregular
Keratinocytes Function
Produce the fibrous protein keratin (found in skin, hair, and…
Melanocytes Function
Produce the brown pigment protein melanin which protects the…
Physiology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Excitability
Contractility
Extensibility
Elasticity
receiving and responding to stimuli
ability to shorten and thicken
ability to stretch or expand
ability to return to original shape
Excitability
receiving and responding to stimuli
Contractility
ability to shorten and thicken
53 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Skull, ribs, vertebra, vertebra column
Limbs, pelvis, scapula, carpals, tarsals
Immovable joints
Slightly movable joints
Axial skeleton
Skull, ribs, vertebra, vertebra column
Appendicular skeleton
Limbs, pelvis, scapula, carpals, tarsals
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 6
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
19 terms
Physiology - Chapter 6
Homeostasis
Sensor
Effector mechanisms
Receptor Agonist
Process that maintains the stability of internal conditons fr…
detects changes in the conditions to be regulated
can vary conditions
substance that competes with primary ligand by binding to rec…
Homeostasis
Process that maintains the stability of internal conditons fr…
Sensor
detects changes in the conditions to be regulated
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 6
What are the five primary functions of…
What are the 6 bones shapes?
What connects the diaphysis and the ep…
Which bone type forms a sturdy protect…
Support... Storage of minerals and lipis... Blood cell production... P…
Sutural bones... Irregular bones... Short bones... Flat bones... Long bon…
Metaphysis
Compact bone
What are the five primary functions of…
Support... Storage of minerals and lipis... Blood cell production... P…
What are the 6 bones shapes?
Sutural bones... Irregular bones... Short bones... Flat bones... Long bon…
35 terms
physiology chapter 6
body fluids
membrane structure and functions
non carrier mediated
carrier mediated
o Fluid compartments: ISF, ICF, ECF... o Extracellular environment
o Selectively permeable
Diffusion ... • Lipid soluble... • Ions... Osmosis... • Water
Facilitated transport... Active transport
body fluids
o Fluid compartments: ISF, ICF, ECF... o Extracellular environment
membrane structure and functions
o Selectively permeable
22 terms
Chapter 6: Physiology
Elastic cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Axial skeleton
Cartilage with abundant elastic fibers; more flexible than hy…
The most abundant cartilage type in the body; provides firm s…
The most compressible type of joint; resistant to stretch; fo…
Relating to the head, neck, and trunk; one of the two major d…
Elastic cartilage
Cartilage with abundant elastic fibers; more flexible than hy…
Hyaline cartilage
The most abundant cartilage type in the body; provides firm s…
71 terms
Physiology - Chapter 6
Peripheral nervous system
Visceral afferent
Somatic afferent
Modalities
Composed of afferent and efferent fibers that relay signals b…
Subconscious, incoming pathway for information from the inter…
Conscious, somatic sensations arising from the body surface a…
Temperature, sound, pressure, etc.
Peripheral nervous system
Composed of afferent and efferent fibers that relay signals b…
Visceral afferent
Subconscious, incoming pathway for information from the inter…
Physiology Chapter 6
excitability
excitable membranes
forms of electrical signals
depolarization
cells have a specific group of ion channels that can be gated…
Neurons, muscle cells, some endocrine, immune and reproductiv…
graded potentials and action potentials
potential becomes less negative than the resting level
excitability
cells have a specific group of ion channels that can be gated…
excitable membranes
Neurons, muscle cells, some endocrine, immune and reproductiv…
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