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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 7 muscular system essentials"

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Study sets matching "physiology chapter 7 muscular system essentials"

58 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology The Muscular System Chapter 7
Primary function of the muscular system
Muscle contractions
Nervous system function
Circulatory system function
To move the skeleton
These are required for movement and produce heat, which contr…
By way of motor neutrons, it transmits the electro-chemical i…
Brings oxygen to the muscles and takes carbon dioxide away.
Primary function of the muscular system
To move the skeleton
Muscle contractions
These are required for movement and produce heat, which contr…
249 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 7, Muscular System
Five functions of skeletal muscle
Skeletal Muscle provides movement by
Skeletal Muscle provides soft tissue s…
Skeletal Muscle guards entrances and e…
Movement... Maintain posture and body position... Support soft tiss…
Pulling on tendons that move bones
Lining the abdominal wall and the floor of the pelvic cavity…
Skeletal muscles encircle openings of the digestive and urina…
Five functions of skeletal muscle
Movement... Maintain posture and body position... Support soft tiss…
Skeletal Muscle provides movement by
Pulling on tendons that move bones
Essentials of Anatomy and physiology 6th edition chapter 7 muscular system
excitability, contractibility, extensi…
excitability
contractibility
extensibility
What are the four characteristics of muscles?
the ability to receive and respond to stimuli
tissue can shorten and thicken
tissue can length
excitability, contractibility, extensi…
What are the four characteristics of muscles?
excitability
the ability to receive and respond to stimuli
Chapter 7 The Muscular System Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology Vocab
Aer
An
Bi
Caput
Air (aerobic)
Not (anaerobic)
Two (biceps)
Head (biceps)
Aer
Air (aerobic)
An
Not (anaerobic)
22 terms
Chapter 7 THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM Vocabulary Development: Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology
aer
an
bi
epi-
air; aerobic
not; anerobic
two; biceps
on; epimysium
aer
air; aerobic
an
not; anerobic
85 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy & Physiology: The Muscular System
abduction
actin
adduction
atrophy
moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body…
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body (ak…
wasting away of tissue; decrease in size of a part; sometimes…
abduction
moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body…
actin
A globular protein that links into chains, two of which twist…
35 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7: The Muscular System (Physiology)
Functions
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
-Movement of skeleton ... -maintain posture and body position... -s…
-striated... -voluntary... -moves the skeleton
-striated... -involuntary... -muscle of heart
-involuntary... -internal organs... (Digestive system, lungs, blood…
Functions
-Movement of skeleton ... -maintain posture and body position... -s…
Skeletal muscle
-striated... -voluntary... -moves the skeleton
8 terms
Physiology Chapter 7: The Muscular System
what are the three types of muscle?
____ and ____ make up the sarcomere
_____ blocks myosin's attachment to ac…
Calcium bonds to _____, which changes…
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
actin and myosin
Tropomyosin
Troponin
what are the three types of muscle?
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
____ and ____ make up the sarcomere
actin and myosin
62 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 The Muscular System
Primary function of the muscular system
Four organ systems involved with movem…
Muscle cells are specialize for.....
Muscle Fibers
To move the skeleton.
Muscular, Circulatory, Nervous and Respiratory
Contraction
Another name for muscle cells.
Primary function of the muscular system
To move the skeleton.
Four organ systems involved with movem…
Muscular, Circulatory, Nervous and Respiratory
74 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7: The Muscular System
movement, posture and position, suppor…
by pulling on tendons that move bones
connective tissue, blood vessels, nerv…
epimysium, perimysium, endomysium, ten…
functions of muscular system
how does muscular system produce movement
skeletal muscles are organs that contain what?
5 types of connective tissue in skeletal muscles
movement, posture and position, suppor…
functions of muscular system
by pulling on tendons that move bones
how does muscular system produce movement
35 terms
Chapter 7-Muscular System; Muscle Physiology
How hormone levels are controlled
2 hormomes from posterior pituitary
2 functions of oxytocin
Pituitary hormone that stimulates milk…
Negative feedback
ADH & OT
Uterine cont'ns and making milk in mammary glands
PRL
How hormone levels are controlled
Negative feedback
2 hormomes from posterior pituitary
ADH & OT
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 7 (Muscular System)
3 functions of the muscular system
three muscle types
striped or striated, multinucleate, at…
another name for smooth muscle
body movement, form and shape, producing body heat
skeletal, smooth, cardiac
skeletal
visceral
3 functions of the muscular system
body movement, form and shape, producing body heat
three muscle types
skeletal, smooth, cardiac
73 terms
The Muscular System Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology
The three types of muscle tissue are
_ muscle is located in the walls of ho…
what kind of muscles are involetary
_ muscle forms the heart wall
smooth cardiac and skeletal
smooth
cardiac and smooth
cardiac
The three types of muscle tissue are
smooth cardiac and skeletal
_ muscle is located in the walls of ho…
smooth
24 terms
Martini/Bartholomew Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology 4th Edition Chapter 7 Muscular
sarkos
mys
epimysium
perimysium
flesh
muscle
surrounds entire muscle. layer of collagens
divide skel muscles into fasicles/muscle fibers
sarkos
flesh
mys
muscle
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 7: Muscular System
know the 4 major effects of aging on s…
response of the cardiovascular system…
response of the respiratory system to…
response of the integumentary system t…
1. muscle fibers become smaller in diameter (decrease in numb…
increases heart rate, speeds up delivery of oxygen... and the…
increases rate and depth of respiration
dilation of blood vessels and sweating gland secretion increa…
know the 4 major effects of aging on s…
1. muscle fibers become smaller in diameter (decrease in numb…
response of the cardiovascular system…
increases heart rate, speeds up delivery of oxygen... and the…
165 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7- The Muscular System
what are the five functions of the mus…
what are the muscles that goes to the…
what are the muscles that goes to the…
what is the study of body movement
-produce movement... -maintain posture and body position... -suppor…
skeletal muscles
cardiac muscles
kinesiology
what are the five functions of the mus…
-produce movement... -maintain posture and body position... -suppor…
what are the muscles that goes to the…
skeletal muscles
174 terms
Surgical Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System Chapter 7
acetylcholine (ACh)
actin
agonist
anaerobic threshold
The primary neurotransmitter of motor neurons, which is store…
One of the proteins, the thin filament that occurs in skeleta…
The muscle that contracts or flexes; is the muscle primarily…
Also referred to as lactic acid threshold; Increase in the le…
acetylcholine (ACh)
The primary neurotransmitter of motor neurons, which is store…
actin
One of the proteins, the thin filament that occurs in skeleta…
99 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7 Muscular System
Four Characteristics of Muscle Tissue
Four Functions of Skeletal Muscles
Structure and Connective tissue of Ske…
epimysium
Excitability,Contractility,Extensibility, and Elasticity
Produce movement, maintain posture, provide joint stability,…
consists of many muscle fibers or cells
connective tissue (sheath) each muscle surrounds( outside cov…
Four Characteristics of Muscle Tissue
Excitability,Contractility,Extensibility, and Elasticity
Four Functions of Skeletal Muscles
Produce movement, maintain posture, provide joint stability,…
62 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 7: the muscular system
3 types of muscle
Location: attaches to bones... function:…
Location: the walls of internal organs…
Location: in the heart... Function: pump…
skeletal, visceral, and cardiac
skeletal
visceral
Cardiac
3 types of muscle
skeletal, visceral, and cardiac
Location: attaches to bones... function:…
skeletal
65 terms
Mader's Understanding Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Muscular system
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.ENDOmys…
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached to skeleton…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
52 terms
Surgical Anatomy & Physiology Chap 7 - The Muscular System
3 Types of Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle, Cardiac Muscle, Smooth Muscle
striated and under voluntary control
non-striated and under involuntary control
striated and under involuntary control
3 Types of Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle, Cardiac Muscle, Smooth Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
striated and under voluntary control
21 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
65 terms
Mader's Understanding Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Muscular system
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.ENDOmys…
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached to skeleton…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
65 terms
Mader's Understanding Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Muscular system
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.ENDOmys…
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached to skeleton…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
65 terms
Mader's Understanding Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Muscular system
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.ENDOmys…
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached to skeleton…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
84 terms
Chapter 7 - Muscular System
origin
insertion
fascia
epimysium
attachment on the less moveable bone where the muscle "begins"
attachment on the moveable bone where the muscle "ends"
thickest epimysium outside the muscle
connective tissue that surrounds the muscle as a whole
origin
attachment on the less moveable bone where the muscle "begins"
insertion
attachment on the moveable bone where the muscle "ends"
21 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
88 terms
Physiology CH 7- The Muscular System
Muscular system
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle
Is controlled by conscious mind and moves the bones of the sk…
Found only in one place in the body, the heart.... Involuntary s…
Is found all over the body in places such as the eyes, the ai…
Muscular system
Skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
Is controlled by conscious mind and moves the bones of the sk…
21 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
49 terms
CHAPTER 7 MUSCULAR SYSTEM
Abductor
Adductor
Amputation
Antagonist
Muscle that on contraction draws away from the middle
Muscle that draws part toward the middle
removal of a limb, part, or other appendage
a muscle that counteracts the action of another muscle
Abductor
Muscle that on contraction draws away from the middle
Adductor
Muscle that draws part toward the middle
18 terms
Health Science Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Diseases and Disorders of Muscular System
Atrophy
Bunion
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Colic
Wasting or decrease in the size of a muscle
Enlargement of a bone, usually the medial side of the big toe
Numbness & weakness of the hand caused by repetitive usage
Spasms in the intestinal muscles
Atrophy
Wasting or decrease in the size of a muscle
Bunion
Enlargement of a bone, usually the medial side of the big toe
65 terms
CHAPTER 7 MUSCULAR SYSTEM
Abductor
Adductor
Amputation
Antagonist
Muscle that on contraction draws away from the middle
Muscle that draws part toward the middle
removal of a limb, part, or other appendage
a muscle that counteracts the action of another muscle
Abductor
Muscle that on contraction draws away from the middle
Adductor
Muscle that draws part toward the middle
39 terms
Chapter 7:5 Muscular System Study Guide (Essentials to Healthcare Science)
Ability to respond to a stimulus:
Ability to be stretched:
Ability to become short and thick:
Ability to return to its original shape:
Excitability
Extensibility
Contract
Elasticity
Ability to respond to a stimulus:
Excitability
Ability to be stretched:
Extensibility
Chapter 7 The Muscular System
1. Produce Movement of the skeleton... 2.…
Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
Skeletal is voluntary striated, smooth…
In the walls of most organs, in the fo…
What are the 5 functions of the Muscular system
What are the three types of muscle tissue
What muscle types are voluntary and involuntary
Where are smooth muscles found
1. Produce Movement of the skeleton... 2.…
What are the 5 functions of the Muscular system
Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
What are the three types of muscle tissue
29 terms
Chapter 7 (Anatomy and Physiology)- 7:5 Muscular System Vocabulary
Abduction
Adduction
Cardiac muscle
Circumduction
Movement away from the midline.
Movement toward the midline.
Forms the walls of the heart/contracts to circulate blood
Moving in a circle at a joint, or moving one end of a body pa…
Abduction
Movement away from the midline.
Adduction
Movement toward the midline.
43 terms
6 - Muscular System, Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, Marieb
Muscles
Skeletal Muscle
Endomysium
Perimysium
A type of tissue which is responsible for movement in body. T…
One of the three types of muscles. Muscles move voluntarily a…
A connective tissue wrapping which wraps itself around a sing…
A connective tissue wrapping which wraps itself around a fasc…
Muscles
A type of tissue which is responsible for movement in body. T…
Skeletal Muscle
One of the three types of muscles. Muscles move voluntarily a…
54 terms
Chapter 7: the muscular system
smooth muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Muscle fibers
-Narrow, tapered cylindrical shaped cells... -Nonstriated, uninu…
-Striated, cylindrical, branched, uninucleated fibers... -Occurs…
-Striated, cylindrical, multinucleated fibers... -Usually attach…
Muscles contract (shorten).... -3 types: cardiac, muscular, smoo…
smooth muscle
-Narrow, tapered cylindrical shaped cells... -Nonstriated, uninu…
Cardiac Muscle
-Striated, cylindrical, branched, uninucleated fibers... -Occurs…
23 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology- 7:5 Muscular System
abduction
adduction
cardiac muscle
circumduction
moving a body part away from midline.
moving a body part toward the midline.
it forms the walls of the heart and contracts to circulate bl…
moving in a circle at a joint, or moving one of the body part…
abduction
moving a body part away from midline.
adduction
moving a body part toward the midline.
25 terms
Chapter 7: Muscular System
Ataxia
Clonic
Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS)
Flaccid
A- (lack of)... -taxia (order)... Lack of muscular cordination
Clon (turmoil)... -ic (pertaining to)... Pertaining to alternate co…
Fibr/o (fiber)... my- (muscle)... -algia (pain)... Disorder with chron…
Lacking of muscle tone; weak, soft, and flabby
Ataxia
A- (lack of)... -taxia (order)... Lack of muscular cordination
Clonic
Clon (turmoil)... -ic (pertaining to)... Pertaining to alternate co…
15 terms
Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
Functions of Muscles
Muscle Fiber
Layers of Connective Tissue in Muscles
Fascicle
Produce movement of skeleton, maintain posture and body posit…
Each cell in skeletal muscle tissue
Epimysium, perimysium, endomysium
Bundles of muscle fibers
Functions of Muscles
Produce movement of skeleton, maintain posture and body posit…
Muscle Fiber
Each cell in skeletal muscle tissue
15 terms
Chapter 7, muscular system
Rectus abdominus
extends forearm
Flexes forearm & insulates forearm
Flexes forearm
What muscle is responsible for the flexion and rotation of th…
Triceps brachii
Biceps brachii
Brachialis
Rectus abdominus
What muscle is responsible for the flexion and rotation of th…
extends forearm
Triceps brachii
45 terms
Chapter 7:5 Muscular System
Excitability
Extensibility
Contractibility
Elasticity
Ability to respond to a stimulus
Ability to be stretched
Ability to become short and thick
Ability to return to its original shape
Excitability
Ability to respond to a stimulus
Extensibility
Ability to be stretched
65 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1 ; Chap 7 - The Muscular System
3 Types of Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle, Cardiac Muscle, Smooth Muscle
striated and under voluntary control
non-striated and under involuntary control
striated and under involuntary control
3 Types of Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle, Cardiac Muscle, Smooth Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
striated and under voluntary control
100 terms
The Muscular System Chapter 7
muscle fiber
striated muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
each fine thread; muscle cell
has cross stripes & striations
composes the bulk of the heart; fibers in thsi type of muscle…
are tapered at each end & have single nucleus because of the…
muscle fiber
each fine thread; muscle cell
striated muscle
has cross stripes & striations
46 terms
Chapter 7 - Muscular System
Frontalis
Temporalis
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
Frontalis
Temporalis
73 terms
Chapter 7: muscular system
Three types of muscle
smooth muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Endomysium
1. Smooth... 2. Skeletal... 3. Cardiac
Located in the wall of internal organs, involuntary, no stria…
Forms the heart wall, striated, involuntary.
Each fiber is surrounded by this thin layer of connective tis…
Three types of muscle
1. Smooth... 2. Skeletal... 3. Cardiac
smooth muscle
Located in the wall of internal organs, involuntary, no stria…
Chapter 7 Muscular System
Muscular System
Actin
Myosin
Fascia
An organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth and cardiac mu…
A protein that forms the contractile filaments of muscle cell…
A fibrous protein that forms the contractile filaments of mus…
A thin sheath of fibrous tissue enclosing a muscle or other o…
Muscular System
An organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth and cardiac mu…
Actin
A protein that forms the contractile filaments of muscle cell…
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7 nervous system
nervous system
sensory input 1
integration 2
motor output 3
master control of the body
monitar stimuli
decides what to do
effectors response with muscles or glands
nervous system
master control of the body
sensory input 1
monitar stimuli
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