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40 terms
Physiology Chapter 7 Vocab
Nervous system
central nervous system
somatic nervous system
autonomic nervous system
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Brain and spinal cord
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
A subdivision of the peripheral nervous system. Controls invo…
Nervous system
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
50 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Glial Cells
Brain and Spinal Cord
Crainial and spinal nerves
conduct impulses that can NOT divide
Support neurons ad can NOT conduct impulses but CAN divide
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Crainial and spinal nerves
101 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
Central Nervous System organization
Peripheral Nervous System organization
Afferent Division organization
Efferent Division organization
Brain... Spinal Cord
Afferent Division... Efferent Division
Somatic... Visceral... Special Senses
Somatic... Autonomic
Central Nervous System organization
Brain... Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System organization
Afferent Division... Efferent Division
71 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 7
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE
SEROUS MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
THE SKIN
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM ON A CONNECTIVE TISSUE BASEMENT ME…
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
92 terms
Chapter 7 Honors Physiology
Appendicular Skeleton
Articular Cartilage
Axial Skeleton
Canaliculi
Pertaining to the upper or lower limbs
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Pertaining to the head, neck, and trunk
Very small tubes in the extracellular matrix of the bone cell…
Appendicular Skeleton
Pertaining to the upper or lower limbs
Articular Cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
43 terms
Physiology- Chapter 7
autonomic division
Somatic division
Autonomic pathways extending from CNS…
What is a ganglion
innervates cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, most exocrine glands,
Voluntary Control... skeletal muscle
a 2 neuron chain
a cluster of neuronal cell bodies lying outside of CNS
autonomic division
innervates cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, most exocrine glands,
Somatic division
Voluntary Control... skeletal muscle
63 terms
Physiology Chapter 7 Terms
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Association Neuron (interneuron)
Sensory Neuron (afferent neuron)
Brain and spinal cord
Nerves, Ganglia, and nerve plexuses (Outside of CNS)
Multipolar neuron located entirely within the CNS and integra…
Neuron that transmits impulses from a sensory receptor into t…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Nerves, Ganglia, and nerve plexuses (Outside of CNS)
192 terms
BRS Physiology: Chapter 7
All steroid hormones are derivatives o…
Thyroglublin is a derivative of...
Epinephrine and norepinephrine are der…
What are the two main determinants of…
Cholesterol
Tyrosine
Tyrosine
The number or sensitivity of receptors
All steroid hormones are derivatives o…
Cholesterol
Thyroglublin is a derivative of...
Tyrosine
40 terms
Physiology Chapter 7 Vocab
Nervous System
Central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
somatic nervous system
A system of sensitive cells that respond to stimuli such as s…
Brain and spinal cord
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
Nervous System
A system of sensitive cells that respond to stimuli such as s…
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
23 terms
Physiology (Chapter 7)
A new hormone is discovered. Analysis…
Which endocrine gland(s) was/were disc…
Parathyroid secretion is triggered by
Negative feedback inhibits parathyroid…
A steroid
parathyroid glands
low blood calcium
target cell responses oppose the original stimulus
A new hormone is discovered. Analysis…
A steroid
Which endocrine gland(s) was/were disc…
parathyroid glands
43 terms
Physiology - Chapter 7
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Neuroglia
Brain + Spinal Cord... Control + Integration
Cranial Nerves + Spinal Nerves... Communication
Conduct electrical signals
Majority of all nerve tissue cells... Support Neurons
Central Nervous System
Brain + Spinal Cord... Control + Integration
Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial Nerves + Spinal Nerves... Communication
141 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
Which structures are contained in the…
Tissues are composed of what two types…
What are the three structures that mak…
What is the difference in structure be…
Brian and spinal cord
Neurons: conduct impulses and do not undergo mitosis... Glial ce…
Cell body: contains nucleus, Nissl bodies, cluster in groups…
In the sensory neuron the cell body is in the middle and has…
Which structures are contained in the…
Brian and spinal cord
Tissues are composed of what two types…
Neurons: conduct impulses and do not undergo mitosis... Glial ce…
86 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons and glial cells
An organ system that receives information from the environmen…
The part of the nervous system containing the brain and spina…
The part of the nervous system containing the sensory and mot…
The two components of the nervous system.
nervous system
An organ system that receives information from the environmen…
central nervous system
The part of the nervous system containing the brain and spina…
24 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
Mechanoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Chemoreceptors
touch
temperature
light
chemicals
Mechanoreceptors
touch
Thermoreceptors
temperature
40 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
the network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve im…
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is the part of the nervou…
is the part of the peripheral nervous system associated with…
Nervous System
the network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve im…
Central Nervous System
the complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of…
40 terms
Physiology Chapter 7 Vocab
Nervous system
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Somatic nervous system
fast-acting control system that employs nerve pulses to trigg…
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
a system of nerves that connects the outlying parts of the bo…
a division of the peripheral nervous system, also called the…
Nervous system
fast-acting control system that employs nerve pulses to trigg…
Central nervous system
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
25 terms
Physiology Chapter 7 Vocab
aer
an
bi
caput
air
not
two
head
aer
air
an
not
40 terms
Physiology Chapter 7 Vocab
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Somatic Nervous System
Brain, nerve cells, spinal cord
The brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
Nervous System
Brain, nerve cells, spinal cord
Central Nervous System
The brain and spinal cord
68 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 7
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent
Parasympathetic
-brain and spinal cord... -receives and processes information fr…
-has neurons that provide communication between CNS and organ…
-transmit sensory and visceral information from organs to CNS…
rest and digest
Central Nervous System (CNS)
-brain and spinal cord... -receives and processes information fr…
Peripheral Nervous System
-has neurons that provide communication between CNS and organ…
27 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neuron
Glial cells
part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal…
part of the nervous system that includes the Cranial nerves,…
the basic structural and functional units of the nervous system
supporting cells that aid the functions of neurons and are mo…
Central Nervous System
part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal…
Peripheral Nervous System
part of the nervous system that includes the Cranial nerves,…
46 terms
Chapter 7 Physiology
A cell's membrane potential is determi…
Resting membrane potential
Hyperpolarization
Depolarization
-Concentration gradient of ions... -Charge of ions... -Permeability…
-70mV... -Membrane is more permeable to K+ than Na+ due to the p…
-Change to a more negative value... -Membrane becomes more polar…
-Change to a less negative/more positive potential... -Membrane…
A cell's membrane potential is determi…
-Concentration gradient of ions... -Charge of ions... -Permeability…
Resting membrane potential
-70mV... -Membrane is more permeable to K+ than Na+ due to the p…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Articular cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous joint
Compact bone
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
Two or more bones joined by cartilage
Dense tissue in which cells are organized in osteons with no…
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Bursa
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 7
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
White Blood Cells
Carries the blood around the body
Carries blood away from the heart
Carries blood to the heart
The blood's protectors against foreign cells
Circulatory System
Carries the blood around the body
Arteries
Carries blood away from the heart
180 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Organic
Inorganic
By Shape
Epiphysis
Collagen is what part of the bone matrix?
Minerals are what part of the bone matrix?
How are bones classified?
Organic
Collagen is what part of the bone matrix?
Inorganic
Minerals are what part of the bone matrix?
182 terms
Physiology chapter 7
The __________ nervous system consists…
The membranes of neurons at rest are v…
During depolarization, which gradient(…
What is the value for the resting memb…
C. somatic
D. K+; Na+
B. both the electrical and chemical gradients
C. -70 mV
The __________ nervous system consists…
C. somatic
The membranes of neurons at rest are v…
D. K+; Na+
28 terms
chapter 7 physiology
functions of muscular system
body movement
respiration
communication
body movement, maintain posture, respiration, communication,…
locomotion
Diaphragm, intercostal muscle
speak, write, gesture, body language
functions of muscular system
body movement, maintain posture, respiration, communication,…
body movement
locomotion
105 terms
Physiology chapter 7
Endocrinology
Hormones
3 ways that hormones act on target cel…
Hormones not secreted by glands can al…
The study of hormones
A chemical secreted by a cell or group of cells into the bloo…
1. By controlling the rate of enzymatic reactions 2. By contr…
Isolated endocrine cells, neurons, and cells of the immune sy…
Endocrinology
The study of hormones
Hormones
A chemical secreted by a cell or group of cells into the bloo…
229 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
Central nervous system includes?
Peripheral nervous system includes?
*What two cell types are in the nervou…
What are glial cells?
Brain and spinal cord
Cranial and spinal nerves
Neurons (conduct impulses, generally don't divide) and glial…
They support neurons, can't conduct impulses, and DIVIDE
Central nervous system includes?
Brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system includes?
Cranial and spinal nerves
Physiology Chapter 7
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurons
Glial Cells (neurolglia)
Made up of the Brain and Spinal Cord
Made up of cranial and spinal nerves
Conduct impulses but generally can not divide, but can repair…
Support the neurons and cannot conduct impulses, but can divi…
Central Nervous System
Made up of the Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Made up of cranial and spinal nerves
20 terms
Physiology - Chapter 7
Hormone
Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDC)
Functions under hormonal control inclu…
Act on their target cells by controlli…
Are chemical messengers secreted into the blood by specialize…
Mimic hormones structure-They can activate or inhibit hormona…
Metabolism... Body temperature... Reproduction... Growth ... Development
rate of enzymatic reactions... transport of ions or molecules ac…
Hormone
Are chemical messengers secreted into the blood by specialize…
Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDC)
Mimic hormones structure-They can activate or inhibit hormona…
103 terms
Chapter 7 - Vascular Physiology
Atria
Ventricles
Septum
Base
chamber that receives blood from the vasculature
receives blood from atria and generates the force that pushes…
wall that separates the atria and ventricle on either side
wider upper pole (end)
Atria
chamber that receives blood from the vasculature
Ventricles
receives blood from atria and generates the force that pushes…
22 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
Hormones
Types of hormones
Peptides
Steroids
Chemical signals secreted by glands or cells into circulation…
Peptides, steroids, amines, eicosanoids
Chains of amino acids, usually polar. Made in advance, stored…
Made from cholesterol in adrenal cortex, gonads, placenta. Se…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted by glands or cells into circulation…
Types of hormones
Peptides, steroids, amines, eicosanoids
54 terms
Chapter 7 Physiology
Hormones in biomedicine
Hormones
Hormones control
Chemical types of Hormones
Can block or treat diseases
Cell to cell communication molecules ... -Chemical signals ... -Sec…
-Rates of enzymatic reactions (cell metabolism) ... -Transport a…
-Peptide or protein hormones. About 12 amino acids or less is…
Hormones in biomedicine
Can block or treat diseases
Hormones
Cell to cell communication molecules ... -Chemical signals ... -Sec…
63 terms
Physiology chapter 7
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Glial cells (neuroglia)
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nerves (come off of the central nerves)
-conduct electrochemical impulses but generally can not divid…
support the neurons and can not conduct impulses, but can div…
Central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
cranial and spinal nerves (come off of the central nerves)
Physiology Chapter 7
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Neurons
Cell body (Neuron Structure)
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nerves
-conduct impulses but can not divide... -respond to chemical and…
contains nucleus and other organelles... -cluster in groups cal…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
cranial and spinal nerves
49 terms
Physiology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Peripheral Nervous System
Efferent Division
Efferent Division
autonomic nervous system
Composed of the afferent and efferent fibers that relay signa…
The CNS makes appropriate adjustments to maintain homeostasis…
The ___________ of the PNS is the communication link by which…
Cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, most exocrine glands, some end…
Peripheral Nervous System
Composed of the afferent and efferent fibers that relay signa…
Efferent Division
The CNS makes appropriate adjustments to maintain homeostasis…
24 terms
Physiology - Chapter 7
Autonomic nervous system
Somatic nervous system
Peripheral nervous system: efferent di…
Autonomic nervous pathway
Involuntary branch of PNS. Innervates cardiac muscle, smooth…
Voluntary control branch of PNS. Innervates skeletal muscle.…
Provides the link between the CNS and the muscles and glands…
Extends from the CNS to effector organ. Only two neurotransmi…
Autonomic nervous system
Involuntary branch of PNS. Innervates cardiac muscle, smooth…
Somatic nervous system
Voluntary control branch of PNS. Innervates skeletal muscle.…
416 terms
Chapter 7: ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
ABDOMEN
ABDUCTION
ACETABULUM
ACETYLCHOLINE
The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion a…
Motion of limb away from the midline
The depression on the lateral pelvis where its three componen…
An excitatory neurotransmitter used in the peripheral and cen…
ABDOMEN
The body cavity that contains the major organs of digestion a…
ABDUCTION
Motion of limb away from the midline
12 terms
Chapter 7 Physiology
Hormones (define)
Control (3 mechanisms)
Classic steps to identify an endocrine…
Hormones (discuss)
1
1
1
1
Hormones (define)
1
Control (3 mechanisms)
1
61 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
The nervous system is divided into:
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
The nervous system is composed of only…
-Central nervous system (CNS)... - Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Brain and spinal cord
cranial nerves and spinal nerves
- Neurons... - Supporting cells
The nervous system is divided into:
-Central nervous system (CNS)... - Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Central nervous system (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
138 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
Function of Bones
Classification of Bones
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilages
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
expanded ends of bones that form joints with adjacent bones
(hyaline) cover the epiphyses
Function of Bones
bones are active, living tissues;... functions: muscle attachmen…
Classification of Bones
bones are classified according to shape:... - Long... - Short... - Ses…
35 terms
Physiology chapter 7
Peripheral nervous system
Ion channels
Efferent neurons
Afferent neurons
- afferent info (input)... - efferent info (output)
leak channels... - always open... ligand-gated channels... - open or c…
transmitting signals to effector organs to produce an action
transmitting signals from sensory receptors to CNS
Peripheral nervous system
- afferent info (input)... - efferent info (output)
Ion channels
leak channels... - always open... ligand-gated channels... - open or c…
58 terms
Physiology chapter 7
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Neurons
Glial cells (neuroglia)
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nerves
conduct impulses but generally can not divide... Respond to chem…
support the neurons and cannot conduct impulses, but can divide
Central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
cranial and spinal nerves
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.endomys…
In the walls of hollow organs(urinary bladder, reproductive,u…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - appearance: STRIA…
Tubular and STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
In the walls of hollow organs(urinary bladder, reproductive,u…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - appearance: STRIA…
32 terms
Exercise Physiology - Chapter 7
the nervous system
receptors
CNS
divisions of the nervous system
body's means of perceiving and responding to events.
capable of sensing touch, pain, temperature, and chemical sti…
responds by either voluntary movement or a change in the rate…
(1) the central nervous system and (2) the peripheral nervous…
the nervous system
body's means of perceiving and responding to events.
receptors
capable of sensing touch, pain, temperature, and chemical sti…
68 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
the division of the nervous system tha…
external environment
internal enviroinment
Central nervous system is made up of the
Central Nervous System
Sensory Information
Visceral Information
brain and spinal cord
the division of the nervous system tha…
Central Nervous System
external environment
Sensory Information
68 terms
Bone physiology (Chapter 7)
Functions of bone/skeleton
Support
Protection
Allow movement/lever system
support, protection, allow movement/lever system, storage dep…
framework for the body
especially of vital organs (heart, lungs) and brain
due to structure of joints (articulations)
Functions of bone/skeleton
support, protection, allow movement/lever system, storage dep…
Support
framework for the body
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
Cell growth and reproduction
Cell Growth
Cell Reproduction
Anabolism
-the most fundamental of all living functions... -contistute the…
-Depends on using genetic information in DNA to make the stru…
-Ensures that genetic information is passed from one generati…
-protein synthesis is a central anabolic pathway in cells... -De…
Cell growth and reproduction
-the most fundamental of all living functions... -contistute the…
Cell Growth
-Depends on using genetic information in DNA to make the stru…
83 terms
Physiology Chapter 7
Hormones are secreted by:
Which cells respond to hormone signal?
cell to cell communication molecules
hormones control:
endocrine glands or cells into the blood
only target cells with receptors for the hormone respond to t…
chemical signals, secreted by gland or tissue into the blood,…
rate of enzyme reactions (cell metabolism), transport across…
Hormones are secreted by:
endocrine glands or cells into the blood
Which cells respond to hormone signal?
only target cells with receptors for the hormone respond to t…
26 terms
Chapter 7: Anatomy and Physiology
___________ pairs of spinal nerves ext…
Dendrites are the short cell processes…
The motor nerves carry nerve impulses…
The nerves that send and receive messa…
Thirty-one
The cell body
Muscles
Mixed
___________ pairs of spinal nerves ext…
Thirty-one
Dendrites are the short cell processes…
The cell body
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