Study sets matching "physiology digestion"

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Study sets matching "physiology digestion"

50 terms
Digestion Physiology
Four basic processes of digestion
Two types of motility
Absorbable monosaccharides
Protein monomers
Motility, Secretion, Digestion, and Absorption
Propulsive and mixing movements
Glucose, fructose, and galactose
Amino Acids
Four basic processes of digestion
Motility, Secretion, Digestion, and Absorption
Two types of motility
Propulsive and mixing movements
37 terms
Digestion Physiology:
The sympathetic nerve system wants to…
the parasympathetic nerve system wants…
The vomit reflix can be triggered outs…
Vomiting can be triggered inside the G…
motility... hyper... contraction
speed... de... negative... contraction
chemoreceptor... toxins
mechanoreceptors... tension... chemo... duodenal
The sympathetic nerve system wants to…
motility... hyper... contraction
the parasympathetic nerve system wants…
speed... de... negative... contraction
364 terms
Digestion Physiology
Accessory
Small intestine
6
Ingestion
Salivary glands, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder are ______…
Most digestion occurs in the ______ ______.
How many essential activities are there for digestion?
Taking in food and fluid
Accessory
Salivary glands, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder are ______…
Small intestine
Most digestion occurs in the ______ ______.
physiology digestion
Digestion
Absorption
Villi in ... Small... Intestine
Carbohydrates in Diet
Process by which larger ingested molecules are broken down in…
Process by which molecules are transported into and out of *e…
-what is seen in small intestine... =Small finger-like projecti…
Typically 250-800 g/day for Americans... Polysaccharides (gl…
Digestion
Process by which larger ingested molecules are broken down in…
Absorption
Process by which molecules are transported into and out of *e…
91 terms
Digestion--Physiology
5 activities of digestion
Digestion is the uptake of......
Layers of GI Tract
Mucosa
Digestion, Absorption, Secretion, Motility, Elimination
macromolecules, vitamins, minerals, water
Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscularis externa, Serosa
Secretes mucus, digestive enzymes, and hormones.... Absorbs end…
5 activities of digestion
Digestion, Absorption, Secretion, Motility, Elimination
Digestion is the uptake of......
macromolecules, vitamins, minerals, water
97 terms
Physiology: Digestion
Energy content
Caloric
Specific Dynamic Action
Gross
In order for a diet to be sufficient, its _______ _______ mus…
The energy content of a gram of a specific macromolecule is i…
The ________ ________ ______ or heat increment refers to the…
________ energy can be subdivided into two categories: indige…
Energy content
In order for a diet to be sufficient, its _______ _______ mus…
Caloric
The energy content of a gram of a specific macromolecule is i…
33 terms
Physiology--Digestion
Layers of the GI tract
Mucosa
Submucosa
Muscularis externa
1) Mucosa... 2) Submucosa... 3) Muscular externis... 4) Serosa
1) Epithelial cells: protect from outside... 2) Lamina propria:…
1) Connective tissue... 2) Submucosal plexus: part of enteric NS
1) 2 layers of muscle, one rounded, one parallel... 2) myenteric…
Layers of the GI tract
1) Mucosa... 2) Submucosa... 3) Muscular externis... 4) Serosa
Mucosa
1) Epithelial cells: protect from outside... 2) Lamina propria:…
Digestion physiology
movement of material through the GI tr…
define digestion?
complex carbohydrates, fats, and prote…
what are 4 of the main challenges face…
Motility
the chemical and mechanical breakdown of foods into smaller u…
ATP
1. must breakdown food without damaging tissues ... 2. must move…
movement of material through the GI tr…
Motility
define digestion?
the chemical and mechanical breakdown of foods into smaller u…
Physiology of Digestion
Vermiform Appendix
Omega 3s
To build a protein you need __________…
Where are essential amino acids found?
Small projection off of the secum which, in human ancestors,…
Fats found in fish; A cholesterol that enhances the phospholi…
1 or more amino acids
The food you eat.
Vermiform Appendix
Small projection off of the secum which, in human ancestors,…
Omega 3s
Fats found in fish; A cholesterol that enhances the phospholi…
121 terms
Digestion Physiology
Another word for digestive tract is..
The GI Tract is..
Digestion
What are the three parts of the Small…
Alimentry Tract
Gastrointestial Tract (From Stomach Down)
1. Food enters into the mouth (saliva is produced)... 2. Food go…
Dueodenum, Jujunum, and Illium
Another word for digestive tract is..
Alimentry Tract
The GI Tract is..
Gastrointestial Tract (From Stomach Down)
43 terms
Digestion (Physiology)
supporting glands and organs of the di…
4 digestive tract layers
mucosa contents...
submucosa contents
salivary glands, gallbladder, pancreas, liver
mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa
epithelial cells, lamina propria, muscularis mucosae, mods fo…
large blood vessels, lymph, submucosal plexus
supporting glands and organs of the di…
salivary glands, gallbladder, pancreas, liver
4 digestive tract layers
mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa
91 terms
Physiology: Digestive
The Digestive System is Responsible fo…
The Digestive system consists of....
Digestive Functions Include....
Layers of the GI tract
-Intake... -Breakdown... -Absorption of food particles required for…
-Digestive Tract ... -Accessory Digestive Organs
-Ingestion... -Mastication... -Deglutition... -Digestion... -Absorption... -…
-mucosa... -Submucosa... -muscularis... -Serosa
The Digestive System is Responsible fo…
-Intake... -Breakdown... -Absorption of food particles required for…
The Digestive system consists of....
-Digestive Tract ... -Accessory Digestive Organs
38 terms
Physiology: Digestion
peristalsis
salivary amylase
rennin
cardiac sphincter
pushing for food in Esophagus
breaks down starch
digestion of milk
top of stomach
peristalsis
pushing for food in Esophagus
salivary amylase
breaks down starch
Digestion physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepared food for chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
1. Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication ... 2. Chemical…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepared food for chemical digestion
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Catabolic steps on which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication or chewing. Star…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps on which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Includes the…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Starts chemical break down with enzyme amylase digesting carb…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Includes the…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
Mechanical breakdown of food
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Digestion that occurs through churning/ mashing of food. Occu…
Occurs when enzymes break down food. Amylase in mouth (breaks…
Uptake of nutrients through intestinal wall into blood or lym…
Mastication: mechanical digestion and ... Release of saliva & am…
Mechanical Digestion
Digestion that occurs through churning/ mashing of food. Occu…
Chemical digestion
Occurs when enzymes break down food. Amylase in mouth (breaks…
16 terms
digestion physiology
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
absorption
mouth function
• physically prepare his food for chemical digestion
• catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to…
• The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
• mechanical breakdown ... • mastication = chewing
mechanical digestion
• physically prepare his food for chemical digestion
chemical digestion
• catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to…
17 terms
Digestion Physiology
Digestion of carbs
amylase
oligosaccheride
salivary glands... pancreas
starch+amylase= dextrin... dextrin+ amylase= maltose
enzyme for carbs
carb classification for dextrin
places to find amylase
Digestion of carbs
starch+amylase= dextrin... dextrin+ amylase= maltose
amylase
enzyme for carbs
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication or chewing. Star…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion... Mastication... P…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested... products into blood or lymph systems.
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication... or chewing.... Star…
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion... Mastication... P…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion Physiology
deglutition
mastication process/reflex
oral cavity secretions made by what st…
salivary amylase
swallowing
CN 5, tactile info to medulla, inhibits m. of mast (stretch r…
parotid, submandibular, sublingual glands
breaks glucose bonds in starch to make maltose & isomaltose
deglutition
swallowing
mastication process/reflex
CN 5, tactile info to medulla, inhibits m. of mast (stretch r…
16 terms
digestion physiology
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
absorption
mouth
physically prepares food for chemical digestion(mouth, stomac…
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
the passage if digested products into blood or lymph systems
-mechanical breakdown begins with mastication(chewing)... -start…
mechanical digestion
physically prepares food for chemical digestion(mouth, stomac…
chemical digestion
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
20 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Chewing (mastication)
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chewing (mastication)
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Mouth.
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph nodes. S…
Mastication and chemical breakdown of food using amylase.
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Mouth.
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorbption
Mouth Function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Catabolic steps into blood or lymph streams.
Passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems.
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication or chewing.... Sta…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps into blood or lymph streams.
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Occurs in mo…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems.…
Mechanical breakdown occurs in the mouth with mastication or…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Occurs in mo…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion and occurs in…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Mechanical breakdown occurs in the mouth by the start of mast…
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion and occurs in…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
absorption
propulsion
physically prepares food for chemical digestion ... ex: chewing…
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
the passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
food movement depends largely on peristalsis... involves alterna…
mechanical digestion
physically prepares food for chemical digestion ... ex: chewing…
chemical digestion
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion.
Catabolic step in which food molecules are broken down into c…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication or chewing. Star…
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion.
Chemical digestion
Catabolic step in which food molecules are broken down into c…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
Physically prepares food for digestion... ~Mouth, Pharynx, and E…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Beaks down food mechanically and is the start of chemical bre…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for digestion... ~Mouth, Pharynx, and E…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
This is the physical preparation of food for chemical digesti…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Passages of digested products into blood or lymph systems. Sm…
Chews up food for mechanical breakdown and is the start of ch…
Mechanical Digestion
This is the physical preparation of food for chemical digesti…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption digestion
Mouth function
Physcially prepares food for chemcial digestion (chewing/mast…
Catabolic steps in which food is broken down to chemical buil…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Breaks down food through mastication ... Amylase helps digest ca…
Mechanical digestion
Physcially prepares food for chemcial digestion (chewing/mast…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food is broken down to chemical buil…
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
physically prepares food for chemical digestion... mouth, teeth,…
food molecules are broken down to chemical building blocks by…
passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems... smal…
mechanical breakdown beginning with mastication and start of…
Mechanical Digestion
physically prepares food for chemical digestion... mouth, teeth,…
Chemical Digestion
food molecules are broken down to chemical building blocks by…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepared food for chemical digestion. Occurs in mo…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems. Occ…
Mastication of food and start of chemical breakdown with amyl…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepared food for chemical digestion. Occurs in mo…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion... -chewing (mou…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication or chewing.... Star…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion... -chewing (mou…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion physiology
Mechanical disgestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepared food for chemical disgestion. Present in…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems pres…
Breaks down food with mastication (mechanical) and starts che…
Mechanical disgestion
Physically prepared food for chemical disgestion. Present in…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
14 terms
Physiology Digestion
Digestion
Cholecystokinin
Enzymes
Hydrochloric acid (HCI)
-Begins in the oral cavity... Two parts to digestion... •mechanical…
Fatty chyme stimulates the duodenum to secrete this hormone
Chemical digestion and acid to break down food
Convert pepsinogen to the digestive enzyme pepsin and kills m…
Digestion
-Begins in the oral cavity... Two parts to digestion... •mechanical…
Cholecystokinin
Fatty chyme stimulates the duodenum to secrete this hormone
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
absorption
mouth function
physically prepares food for chemicla digestion... mouth, stomac…
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down into…
the passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
mechanical breakdown beginning with mastication ... carbohydrate…
Mechanical digestion
physically prepares food for chemicla digestion... mouth, stomac…
chemical digestion
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down into…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
Physically prpes od for chemical digestion. Structures: mouth…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems.…
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication. Chemical breakd…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prpes od for chemical digestion. Structures: mouth…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
absorption
mouth function
physically prepares food for chemical digestion; mouth, stoma…
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
the passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems;…
mastication occurs in the mouth and is the start of mechanica…
mechanical digestion
physically prepares food for chemical digestion; mouth, stoma…
chemical digestion
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Physiology Digestion
Mucous Cells
Chief Cells
Parietal Cells
Enterochromaffin-like cells
secrete alkaline mucus
secrete pepsinogen
secrete HCL and intrinsic factor
secrete histamine
Mucous Cells
secrete alkaline mucus
Chief Cells
secrete pepsinogen
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion; mouth, phary…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
Mastication for mechanical breakdown of food; chemical breakd…
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion; mouth, phary…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Chewing, chu…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems.…
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication. Start of chemic…
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Chewing, chu…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. ... Structure:…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph nodes.…
Mechanical breakdown by chewing food.
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. ... Structure:…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
42 terms
Physiology Digestion
Mucosa
Submucosa
Neuron Cell Bodies
Muscularis Externa
Inside of tract
Submucosal plexus
Blue groups in submucosa
Smooth muscle
Mucosa
Inside of tract
Submucosa
Submucosal plexus
66 terms
Digestive physiology
Describe the 7 major functions of the…
Name the organs of the GI tract/alimen…
Name the 6 accessory organs of the dig…
Name the 4 layers of the GI tract star…
ingestion... mechanical digestion... chemical digestion... defecation…
mouth... pharynx... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large intestine
teeth... tongue... gallbladder... salivary glands ... liver... pancreas
mucosa... submucosa... muscularis externa... serosa
Describe the 7 major functions of the…
ingestion... mechanical digestion... chemical digestion... defecation…
Name the organs of the GI tract/alimen…
mouth... pharynx... esophagus... stomach... small intestine... large intestine
Physiology - Digestion
Mouth
Secretion of saliva
Saliva
What is absorbed in the mouth?
Motiliy: chewing grinds up food
produced by salivary glands
moistens and lubricates food... begins digestion of CHO - carboh…
No absorption of food occurs in the mouth; but some drugs can…
Mouth
Motiliy: chewing grinds up food
Secretion of saliva
produced by salivary glands
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Digestion
amylase
mouth
peristalsis
stomach
enzyme in saliva that breaks down starch into sugars - beginn…
place where food is ingested and broken up into small pieces…
rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through oeso…
an enlarged, muscular saclike organ of alimentary canal which…
amylase
enzyme in saliva that breaks down starch into sugars - beginn…
mouth
place where food is ingested and broken up into small pieces…
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