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Study sets matching "physiology digestion"

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Study sets matching "physiology digestion"

50 terms
Digestion Physiology
Four basic processes of digestion
Two types of motility
Absorbable monosaccharides
Protein monomers
Motility, Secretion, Digestion, and Absorption
Propulsive and mixing movements
Glucose, fructose, and galactose
Amino Acids
Four basic processes of digestion
Motility, Secretion, Digestion, and Absorption
Two types of motility
Propulsive and mixing movements
33 terms
physiology digestion
Digestion
Absorption
Villi in ... Small... Intestine
Carbohydrates in Diet
Process by which larger ingested molecules are broken down in…
Process by which molecules are transported into and out of *e…
-what is seen in small intestine... =Small finger-like projecti…
Typically 250-800 g/day for Americans... Polysaccharides (gl…
Digestion
Process by which larger ingested molecules are broken down in…
Absorption
Process by which molecules are transported into and out of *e…
43 terms
Digestion (Physiology)
supporting glands and organs of the di…
4 digestive tract layers
mucosa contents...
submucosa contents
salivary glands, gallbladder, pancreas, liver
mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa
epithelial cells, lamina propria, muscularis mucosae, mods fo…
large blood vessels, lymph, submucosal plexus
supporting glands and organs of the di…
salivary glands, gallbladder, pancreas, liver
4 digestive tract layers
mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa, serosa
37 terms
Digestion Physiology:
The sympathetic nerve system wants to…
the parasympathetic nerve system wants…
The vomit reflix can be triggered outs…
Vomiting can be triggered inside the G…
motility... hyper... contraction
speed... de... negative... contraction
chemoreceptor... toxins
mechanoreceptors... tension... chemo... duodenal
The sympathetic nerve system wants to…
motility... hyper... contraction
the parasympathetic nerve system wants…
speed... de... negative... contraction
58 terms
Physiology Digestion
digestion
alimentary canal
Accessory organs
mucous membrane
the process by which food substances are changed into forms t…
a muscular tube, 27-30 feet long, includes the mouth, pharynx…
pancreas, liver, gall bladder, salivary glands
can have glands, folds, secrete mucus
digestion
the process by which food substances are changed into forms t…
alimentary canal
a muscular tube, 27-30 feet long, includes the mouth, pharynx…
364 terms
Digestion Physiology
Accessory
Small intestine
6
Ingestion
Salivary glands, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder are ______…
Most digestion occurs in the ______ ______.
How many essential activities are there for digestion?
Taking in food and fluid
Accessory
Salivary glands, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder are ______…
Small intestine
Most digestion occurs in the ______ ______.
97 terms
Physiology: Digestion
Energy content
Caloric
Specific Dynamic Action
Gross
In order for a diet to be sufficient, its _______ _______ mus…
The energy content of a gram of a specific macromolecule is i…
The ________ ________ ______ or heat increment refers to the…
________ energy can be subdivided into two categories: indige…
Energy content
In order for a diet to be sufficient, its _______ _______ mus…
Caloric
The energy content of a gram of a specific macromolecule is i…
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Digestion
amylase
mouth
peristalsis
stomach
enzyme in saliva that breaks down starch into sugars - beginn…
place where food is ingested and broken up into small pieces…
rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through oeso…
an enlarged, muscular saclike organ of alimentary canal which…
amylase
enzyme in saliva that breaks down starch into sugars - beginn…
mouth
place where food is ingested and broken up into small pieces…
91 terms
Physiology: Digestive
The Digestive System is Responsible fo…
The Digestive system consists of....
Digestive Functions Include....
Layers of the GI tract
-Intake... -Breakdown... -Absorption of food particles required for…
-Digestive Tract ... -Accessory Digestive Organs
-Ingestion... -Mastication... -Deglutition... -Digestion... -Absorption... -…
-mucosa... -Submucosa... -muscularis... -Serosa
The Digestive System is Responsible fo…
-Intake... -Breakdown... -Absorption of food particles required for…
The Digestive system consists of....
-Digestive Tract ... -Accessory Digestive Organs
33 terms
Physiology--Digestion
Layers of the GI tract
Mucosa
Submucosa
Muscularis externa
1) Mucosa... 2) Submucosa... 3) Muscular externis... 4) Serosa
1) Epithelial cells: protect from outside... 2) Lamina propria:…
1) Connective tissue... 2) Submucosal plexus: part of enteric NS
1) 2 layers of muscle, one rounded, one parallel... 2) myenteric…
Layers of the GI tract
1) Mucosa... 2) Submucosa... 3) Muscular externis... 4) Serosa
Mucosa
1) Epithelial cells: protect from outside... 2) Lamina propria:…
30 terms
Digestive Physiology
Enzymes
Rumination
Bacteria and Protazoa
Amino Acids
Organic catalyst substances that speed up the digestive process
process of forcing food back up the esophagus to be chewed ag…
one celled organisms found in the rumen and reticulum and aid…
compounds that are the building blocks of protein
Enzymes
Organic catalyst substances that speed up the digestive process
Rumination
process of forcing food back up the esophagus to be chewed ag…
31 terms
Digestive Physiology
Enzyme
Catalysts
Hydrolase
Substrate
A type of catalyst
A substance that increases reaction rate by lowering the acti…
catalyze the breaking of a compound into two molecules using…
The reactant on which an enzyme works.
Enzyme
A type of catalyst
Catalysts
A substance that increases reaction rate by lowering the acti…
17 terms
Physiology of Digestion
lipase
proteases
amylase
neural networks of the ANS stimulated…
breaks down fats into fatty acids and glycerol
break down polypeptides (large proteins) into amino acids
breaks down starch (carbohydrates: CHO) into simple sugars
Meissner's plexus... Auebach's plexus
lipase
breaks down fats into fatty acids and glycerol
proteases
break down polypeptides (large proteins) into amino acids
Physiology of Digestion
Vermiform Appendix
Omega 3s
To build a protein you need __________…
Where are essential amino acids found?
Small projection off of the secum which, in human ancestors,…
Fats found in fish; A cholesterol that enhances the phospholi…
1 or more amino acids
The food you eat.
Vermiform Appendix
Small projection off of the secum which, in human ancestors,…
Omega 3s
Fats found in fish; A cholesterol that enhances the phospholi…
35 terms
Digestive Physiology
Mechanical disruption of food
Mucous + _________ = saliva
salivary amylase starts _______ digest…
Three main salivary glands:
teeth
salivary amylase
starch/carbohydrate
Parotid (serous gland)... Submandibular (mucous + serous gland)…
Mechanical disruption of food
teeth
Mucous + _________ = saliva
salivary amylase
32 terms
Physiology - Digestion
Ingestion
Propulsion
Peristalsis
Digestion
Taking food into the GI tract
Swallowing and peristalsis
Muscle contractions that move food to different processing st…
Mechanical (chewing, mixing) and enzymatic (sequential secret…
Ingestion
Taking food into the GI tract
Propulsion
Swallowing and peristalsis
62 terms
Digestion Physiology
Water
Ingestion
Propulsion
Mechanical/chemical digestion
Very little intake is lost, GI tract is very efficient at wat…
Taking food in.
Swallowing, peristalsis.
Chewing/churning/segmentation.
Water
Very little intake is lost, GI tract is very efficient at wat…
Ingestion
Taking food in.
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Includes the…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Starts chemical break down with enzyme amylase digesting carb…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Includes the…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Digestion that occurs through churning/ mashing of food. Occu…
Occurs when enzymes break down food. Amylase in mouth (breaks…
Uptake of nutrients through intestinal wall into blood or lym…
Mastication: mechanical digestion and ... Release of saliva & am…
Mechanical Digestion
Digestion that occurs through churning/ mashing of food. Occu…
Chemical digestion
Occurs when enzymes break down food. Amylase in mouth (breaks…
38 terms
Physiology: Digestion
peristalsis
salivary amylase
rennin
cardiac sphincter
pushing for food in Esophagus
breaks down starch
digestion of milk
top of stomach
peristalsis
pushing for food in Esophagus
salivary amylase
breaks down starch
25 terms
Digestion Physiology
deglutition
mastication process/reflex
oral cavity secretions made by what st…
salivary amylase
swallowing
CN 5, tactile info to medulla, inhibits m. of mast (stretch r…
parotid, submandibular, sublingual glands
breaks glucose bonds in starch to make maltose & isomaltose
deglutition
swallowing
mastication process/reflex
CN 5, tactile info to medulla, inhibits m. of mast (stretch r…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Occurs in mo…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems.…
Mechanical breakdown occurs in the mouth with mastication or…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Occurs in mo…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion.
Catabolic step in which food molecules are broken down into c…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication or chewing. Star…
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion.
Chemical digestion
Catabolic step in which food molecules are broken down into c…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption digestion
Mouth function
Physcially prepares food for chemcial digestion (chewing/mast…
Catabolic steps in which food is broken down to chemical buil…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Breaks down food through mastication ... Amylase helps digest ca…
Mechanical digestion
Physcially prepares food for chemcial digestion (chewing/mast…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food is broken down to chemical buil…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion... -chewing (mou…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication or chewing.... Star…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion... -chewing (mou…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. ... Structure:…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph nodes.…
Mechanical breakdown by chewing food.
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. ... Structure:…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
66 terms
Physiology Digestion
Mucosa function (SAP)
Mucosa layers (from lumen out)
Submucosa structure
Submucosa function
-secrete mucus, enzymes, hormones... -absorb digested food... -prot…
1. lumen... 2. epithelial... 3. lamina propria... 4. muscularis mucosae
-Medium thickness... -contains blood/lymph
pick up absorbed items from lamina propria
Mucosa function (SAP)
-secrete mucus, enzymes, hormones... -absorb digested food... -prot…
Mucosa layers (from lumen out)
1. lumen... 2. epithelial... 3. lamina propria... 4. muscularis mucosae
36 terms
Physiology (Digestion)
Digestion
Monomers
Vitamins
H2O
nutrient acquisition
tissues making... amino acid/monosaccharide/fatty acid
rare, organic molecules you can't make
minerals - sodium, potassium, calcium, chlorine, ion, zinc, i…
Digestion
nutrient acquisition
Monomers
tissues making... amino acid/monosaccharide/fatty acid
54 terms
Digestion Physiology
Another word for digestive tract is..
The GI Tract is..
Digestion
What are the three parts of the Small…
Alimentry Tract
Gastrointestial Tract (From Stomach Down)
1. Food enters into the mouth (saliva is produced)... 2. Food go…
Dueodenum, Jujunum, and Illium
Another word for digestive tract is..
Alimentry Tract
The GI Tract is..
Gastrointestial Tract (From Stomach Down)
Digestion physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepared food for chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
1. Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication ... 2. Chemical…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepared food for chemical digestion
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Catabolic steps on which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication or chewing. Star…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps on which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
Mechanical breakdown of food
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
17 terms
Digestion Physiology
Digestion of carbs
amylase
oligosaccheride
salivary glands... pancreas
starch+amylase= dextrin... dextrin+ amylase= maltose
enzyme for carbs
carb classification for dextrin
places to find amylase
Digestion of carbs
starch+amylase= dextrin... dextrin+ amylase= maltose
amylase
enzyme for carbs
26 terms
Physiology Digestion
Digestion
Macromolecules
Absorption
Motility
physical and/or chemical breakdown of food to absorb-able units
carbs, proteins, and fats-cannot be digested until broken down
transfer from GI tract to extracellular fluid
movement of material within tract (smooth muscle)
Digestion
physical and/or chemical breakdown of food to absorb-able units
Macromolecules
carbs, proteins, and fats-cannot be digested until broken down
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Mouth.
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph nodes. S…
Mastication and chemical breakdown of food using amylase.
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion. Mouth.
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorbption
Mouth Function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Catabolic steps into blood or lymph streams.
Passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems.
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication or chewing.... Sta…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps into blood or lymph streams.
16 terms
Digestion physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion and occurs in…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Mechanical breakdown occurs in the mouth by the start of mast…
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion and occurs in…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
absorption
propulsion
physically prepares food for chemical digestion ... ex: chewing…
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
the passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
food movement depends largely on peristalsis... involves alterna…
mechanical digestion
physically prepares food for chemical digestion ... ex: chewing…
chemical digestion
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion... Mastication... P…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested... products into blood or lymph systems.
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication... or chewing.... Star…
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion... Mastication... P…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
Physically prepares food for digestion... ~Mouth, Pharynx, and E…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
Beaks down food mechanically and is the start of chemical bre…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepares food for digestion... ~Mouth, Pharynx, and E…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
8 terms
Physiology Digestion
ECL cell
G cell
Parietal cell
Chief cell
R: Histamine... T: Basilar side of parietal cells... Gastric pits
R: Gastrin... T: Basilar side of parietal cells... Gastric pits
R: Acid (H+)... T: Lumen of the stomach... Gastric pits
R: Pepsinogen ... T: Lumen of the stomach... Gastric pits
ECL cell
R: Histamine... T: Basilar side of parietal cells... Gastric pits
G cell
R: Gastrin... T: Basilar side of parietal cells... Gastric pits
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
physically prepares food for chemical digestion... mouth, teeth,…
food molecules are broken down to chemical building blocks by…
passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems... smal…
mechanical breakdown beginning with mastication and start of…
Mechanical Digestion
physically prepares food for chemical digestion... mouth, teeth,…
Chemical Digestion
food molecules are broken down to chemical building blocks by…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepared food for chemical digestion. Occurs in mo…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems. Occ…
Mastication of food and start of chemical breakdown with amyl…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prepared food for chemical digestion. Occurs in mo…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion physiology
Mechanical disgestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth function
Physically prepared food for chemical disgestion. Present in…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
Passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems pres…
Breaks down food with mastication (mechanical) and starts che…
Mechanical disgestion
Physically prepared food for chemical disgestion. Present in…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
14 terms
Physiology Digestion
Digestion
Cholecystokinin
Enzymes
Hydrochloric acid (HCI)
-Begins in the oral cavity... Two parts to digestion... •mechanical…
Fatty chyme stimulates the duodenum to secrete this hormone
Chemical digestion and acid to break down food
Convert pepsinogen to the digestive enzyme pepsin and kills m…
Digestion
-Begins in the oral cavity... Two parts to digestion... •mechanical…
Cholecystokinin
Fatty chyme stimulates the duodenum to secrete this hormone
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
Mouth Function
Physically prpes od for chemical digestion. Structures: mouth…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems.…
Mechanical breakdown begins with mastication. Chemical breakd…
Mechanical Digestion
Physically prpes od for chemical digestion. Structures: mouth…
Chemical Digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
absorption
mouth function
physically prepares food for chemicla digestion... mouth, stomac…
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down into…
the passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems…
mechanical breakdown beginning with mastication ... carbohydrate…
Mechanical digestion
physically prepares food for chemicla digestion... mouth, stomac…
chemical digestion
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down into…
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
absorption
mouth function
physically prepares food for chemical digestion; mouth, stoma…
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
the passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems;…
mastication occurs in the mouth and is the start of mechanica…
mechanical digestion
physically prepares food for chemical digestion; mouth, stoma…
chemical digestion
catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
12 terms
Physiology Digestion
Mucous Cells
Chief Cells
Parietal Cells
Enterochromaffin-like cells
secrete alkaline mucus
secrete pepsinogen
secrete HCL and intrinsic factor
secrete histamine
Mucous Cells
secrete alkaline mucus
Chief Cells
secrete pepsinogen
16 terms
Digestion Physiology
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Mouth
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion; mouth, phary…
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
The passage of digested products into blood or lymph systems
Mastication for mechanical breakdown of food; chemical breakd…
Mechanical digestion
Physically prepares food for chemical digestion; mouth, phary…
Chemical digestion
Catabolic steps in which food molecules are broken down to ch…
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