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Study sets matching "physiology endocrine system 1"

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Study sets matching "physiology endocrine system 1"

72 terms
Physiology Endocrine System 1
true definition of endocrine system
means of cellular communication
gap junction
neurotransmitters
must have hormones and blood
gap junction, neurotransmitters, paracrines, hormones
between two adjoining cells
released by neurons into synaptic cleft, affect next cell
true definition of endocrine system
must have hormones and blood
means of cellular communication
gap junction, neurotransmitters, paracrines, hormones
43 terms
physiology of Endocrine system (lecture 1)
What 2 actions on calcium does 1,25 D3…
What is the difference between primary…
What are the direct and indirect actio…
In Ricket's syndrome (VD deficiency),…
1. Increases Ca++ reabsorption 2. increases CALBINDIN synthes…
Primary endocrine disorders involve a change in the AMOUNT of…
INDIRECT (main)-1,25 D3 action on intestines INCREASES PLASMA…
EXPANSION OF GROWTH PLATE, Osteomalacia, Mineralization
What 2 actions on calcium does 1,25 D3…
1. Increases Ca++ reabsorption 2. increases CALBINDIN synthes…
What is the difference between primary…
Primary endocrine disorders involve a change in the AMOUNT of…
54 terms
Physiology - 1 - Endocrine System Overview
What three systems regulate body funct…
Define paracrine regulation.
Define autocrine regulation.
What are the three general types of ho…
1. Neural... 2. Endocrine... 3. Local
Release of a regulatory factor that acts on surrounding cells…
Release of a regulatory factor that acts on the cell that sec…
1. Hormones derived from amino acids... 2. Steroids... 3. Peptides…
What three systems regulate body funct…
1. Neural... 2. Endocrine... 3. Local
Define paracrine regulation.
Release of a regulatory factor that acts on surrounding cells…
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1: Endocrine System
What are the organs of the endocrine s…
What are the three functions of the en…
What is the chemical messenger of the…
What is the site of action in the nerv…
endocrine glands--> release hormones into the blood
- maintains homeostasis --> negative feedback regulation... -reg…
NS: neurotransmitters... E: hormones
NS: localized (at synapse)... E: widespread (circulation)
What are the organs of the endocrine s…
endocrine glands--> release hormones into the blood
What are the three functions of the en…
- maintains homeostasis --> negative feedback regulation... -reg…
35 terms
Physiology Endocrine System Part 1
Endocrine System
Types of Hormones
Peptide Hormones
Amine Hormones
Consists of glands that secrete a hormone into the blood, the…
Peptide hormones, amine hormones, steroid hormones
1.Consists of: polypeptides, proteins, glycoproteins... 2. Hydro…
1. Derived from tyrosine... 2. Consists of 2 types of hormones:…
Endocrine System
Consists of glands that secrete a hormone into the blood, the…
Types of Hormones
Peptide hormones, amine hormones, steroid hormones
22 terms
physiology 1 nervous and endocrine system
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
vagus
smell
vision
eye movement, pupil size
GI, lungs and other organs
Olfactory
smell
Optic
vision
64 terms
Physiology- Endocrine system
Briefly describe the fuction of the fo…
Which are the 3 major chemical types o…
1. Peptides:
Second messenger mechanisms of peptide…
1) Endocrine hormones: secreted into the blood... 2) Paracrine h…
1. Peptides... 2. Steroids... 3. Amines
1) Synthesized in the RER and then stored within the cytoplas…
1. Activation of AC... 2. Inactivation of AC... 3. PLC membrane pho…
Briefly describe the fuction of the fo…
1) Endocrine hormones: secreted into the blood... 2) Paracrine h…
Which are the 3 major chemical types o…
1. Peptides... 2. Steroids... 3. Amines
45 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
andr/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
male
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
51 terms
Physiology Unit 1: Endocrine System
Endocrine glands are derived from what…
What are the two types of endocrine gl…
What are the nine components of the pr…
Where is the hypothalamus located?
epithelial
primary and secondary
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
in the brain
Endocrine glands are derived from what…
epithelial
What are the two types of endocrine gl…
primary and secondary
57 terms
Physiology Endocrine system chapter 15 part 1
pineal gland
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
thyroid
label this structure
label this structure
label this structure
label this structure
pineal gland
label this structure
hypothalamus
label this structure
20 terms
Physiology Lab 1 Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Anterior pituitary
Regulating hormones to the anterior pituitary gland
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) to Posterior Pituitary gland
Oxytocin to the posterior pituitary gland
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Hypothalamus
Regulating hormones to the anterior pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) to Posterior Pituitary gland
65 terms
Human Physiology: Endocrine System 1[Part 1]
The endocrine system serves as an ____…
___ is a tissue/organ that secretes pr…
____ serve as messengers, controlling…
What are the 4 diverse processes that…
extrinsic; all
gland
hormones
1) Growth & Development... 2) Reproduction & Sexual Characterist…
The endocrine system serves as an ____…
extrinsic; all
___ is a tissue/organ that secretes pr…
gland
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
infundibulum
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
Endocrine System (Endocrine Physiology)
Endocrine system
Hormones
Nervous System
How much hormone is released by endocr…
coordinate functions of all bodily systems (forms neuroendocr…
promote or inhibit release of nerve impulses
stimulate or inhibit release of hormones
determined by the body's need
Endocrine system
coordinate functions of all bodily systems (forms neuroendocr…
Hormones
promote or inhibit release of nerve impulses
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
24 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Quiz 1 Endocrine System
Slide #1: ... Anterior Pituitary ... Poster…
Slide #6:... Thyroid follicle... Follicula…
Slide #7: ... Thymus
Slide #8: ... Pancreas ... Islets of Langer…
Slide #1: ... Anterior Pituitary ... Poster…
Slide #6:... Thyroid follicle... Follicula…
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
Adenylate cyclase
Adipose cell
Adrenal androgens
Adrenal cortex
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
masculinizing hormones such as testosterone produced by the a…
the portion of an endocrine gland that produces the hormones…
Adenylate cyclase
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
Adipose cell
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
68 terms
anatomy and physiology lab 1 endocrine system
Ovary Graafian follicles with egg inside
estrogen and progesterone
endocrine, exocrine
hypothalamus, Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
What are the two steroid hormone groups produced by the ovari…
The pancreas and gonads can be both (blank) and (blank)
Gonadotropin (GnRH) is released by the (blank) and stimulates…
Ovary Graafian follicles with egg inside
estrogen and progesterone
What are the two steroid hormone groups produced by the ovari…
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
17 terms
Endocrine System - Anatomy & Physiology
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Thyroid Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
It's the gate keeper. ... Regulates the release & inhibition of…
The main function of thyroid hormones include increasing cell…
Pituitary Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Pineal Gland
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
8 terms
Physiology - Endocrine System
Coordinates specific activities of cel…
Secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine…
Produced by the hypothalamus, increase…
Secrete progesterone and estrogen.
Endocrine System
Adrenal Glands
Dopamine(Endocrine System)
Ovaries (Endocrine System)
Coordinates specific activities of cel…
Endocrine System
Secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine…
Adrenal Glands
57 terms
Endocrine System - Intro to Physiology
ENDOcrine vs EXOcrine
nervous system vs endocrine system
6 steps of endocrine communication - w…
6 steps of endocrine communication - w…
endocrine glands secrete into the blood stream; exocrine glan…
endocrine is older and slower, messages are called "hormones"…
synthesis of amines, peptides, steroids
storage in vesicles, steroids are NOT stored to a significant…
ENDOcrine vs EXOcrine
endocrine glands secrete into the blood stream; exocrine glan…
nervous system vs endocrine system
endocrine is older and slower, messages are called "hormones"…
42 terms
Patho physiology endocrine system
Hypothalamus
TRH
CRH
TSH
...
...
...
...
Hypothalamus
...
TRH
...
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9: Endocrine System 1
Endocrine System
Hormones
Processes Controlled by Hormones
Amino-acid Based Hormones
Slow-acting control system of the body
Chemical messengers which are released into the blood
-Reproduction... -Growth and development... -Mobilizing body defens…
Proteins... Peptides... Amines
Endocrine System
Slow-acting control system of the body
Hormones
Chemical messengers which are released into the blood
14 terms
::Endocrine System::Anatomy and Physiology::
How is homeostasis regulated
Give examples of normal homeostatic ra…
Explain the two types of feedback cont…
Compare and contrast nervous vs endocr…
1-Intrinsic(auto regulation)... 2-Extrinsic regulation e.g. nerv…
How is homeostasis regulated
1-Intrinsic(auto regulation)... 2-Extrinsic regulation e.g. nerv…
Give examples of normal homeostatic ra…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System Part 1
Endocrine System
Similarities Between Nervous System (N…
Differences Between NS and ES
Endocrine glands
- communication system in body: essential for reflex arcs to…
1. Hypothalamus: integrator in both Endocrine and Autonomic r…
Major Temporal Differences ... 1. time to onset of effects:... - NS…
- Anatomy: develop from glandular epithelium whose connection…
Endocrine System
- communication system in body: essential for reflex arcs to…
Similarities Between Nervous System (N…
1. Hypothalamus: integrator in both Endocrine and Autonomic r…
32 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Endocrine System
Hormone
50
Endocrine Organs
Purely endocrine organs
- A natural substance produced in the body that helps the bod…
Number of hormones produced in the human body
1. Pineal Gland... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Hypothalamus ... 4. Thyroi…
1. Pineal Gland... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Thymus Gland... 4. Medulla…
Hormone
- A natural substance produced in the body that helps the bod…
50
Number of hormones produced in the human body
41 terms
Physiology: Endocrine system review
hormone
episodic
basal
sustained
chemical messengers that travel in your bloodstream to intera…
hormone levels: pulses in amount
hormone levels: keeps constant set point
hormone levels: increases over time
hormone
chemical messengers that travel in your bloodstream to intera…
episodic
hormone levels: pulses in amount
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
68 terms
anatomy and physiology lab 1 endocrine system
Ovary Graafian follicles with egg inside
estrogen and progesterone
endocrine, exocrine
hypothalamus, Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
What are the two steroid hormone groups produced by the ovari…
The pancreas and gonads can be both (blank) and (blank)
Gonadotropin (GnRH) is released by the (blank) and stimulates…
Ovary Graafian follicles with egg inside
estrogen and progesterone
What are the two steroid hormone groups produced by the ovari…
Animal Physiology Endocrine System Part 1
Hormones
Amine hormones
Peptide and Protein hormones
Steroid Hormones
Product from endocrine organs and glands that change the acti…
Small molecules derived from amino acids
Large, complex molecules derived from peptide subunits
Composed of cyclic hydrocarbon derivatives synthesized from c…
Hormones
Product from endocrine organs and glands that change the acti…
Amine hormones
Small molecules derived from amino acids
27 terms
Endocrine System Physiology
Which rat had the fastest basal metabo…
Why did the BMR's differ between the n…
If an animal had been thyroidectomized…
If an animal had been hypophysectomize…
the normal rat
The other 2 rats had either had the thyroid or pituitary glan…
Thyroxine and Calcitonin
The metabolic rate would go down with no pituitary gland to p…
Which rat had the fastest basal metabo…
the normal rat
Why did the BMR's differ between the n…
The other 2 rats had either had the thyroid or pituitary glan…
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Glycosolation
endocrinology
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
when the glucose damages the cells then damages the pancreas.…
The study or hormones and the endocrine system
Type 1 Diabetes
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
Type 2 Diabetes
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
49 terms
Physiology Overview of the Endocrine System-Lecture 1
What is the main function of the endoc…
What are some examples of ways the end…
The endocrine system is responsible fo…
Which system works closely with the en…
Keep "internal milieu" stable in face of changes in internal…
digestion, BMR (basal metabolic rate), temp, RBC production,…
sexual activity (courtship, copulation)... ... conception, gestati…
Nervous system
What is the main function of the endoc…
Keep "internal milieu" stable in face of changes in internal…
What are some examples of ways the end…
digestion, BMR (basal metabolic rate), temp, RBC production,…
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II - Exam 1 The Endocrine System
What hormones are released from the ne…
What hormones are produced in the hypo…
What is another name for the posterior…
What is the target for oxytocin?
ADH and oxytocin
ADH and oxytocin
Neurohypophysis
Uterine smooth muscle and mammary glands
What hormones are released from the ne…
ADH and oxytocin
What hormones are produced in the hypo…
ADH and oxytocin
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Endocrine System
Hormone
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Endocrinology
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Secrete their products into the interstitial fluid surroundin…
The science of the structure and function of the endocrine sy…
Hormone
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Exocrine Glands
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
39 terms
Physiology set 9a (endocrine system 1)
Endocrine gland
Hormone
Receptor
Endocrine system
Secretes hormones; no ducts
Chemical messenger, carried in blood, affects Target cells
Binds to hormone, required for response to the hormone
Which system has a Slow response , longer duration, secretes…
Endocrine gland
Secretes hormones; no ducts
Hormone
Chemical messenger, carried in blood, affects Target cells
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
72 terms
Human Physiology Endocrine System
endocrine system
structures associated with endocrine s…
hormones
effects hormones have on the body
second major controlling system in the body
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
chemical messengers
-growth and development... -reproduction... -defense against stress…
endocrine system
second major controlling system in the body
structures associated with endocrine s…
hypothalamus, pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology [Endocrine System]
Endocrine System
Pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
Pineal gland
* Responsible for the production and secretion of hormones fr…
* Anterior pituitary gland produces GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, a…
Serves as a bridge between the nervous system and the hormona…
Maintains circadian rhythms and sleep-awake patterns
Endocrine System
* Responsible for the production and secretion of hormones fr…
Pituitary gland
* Anterior pituitary gland produces GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, a…
92 terms
Anatomy and physiology endocrine system
function of the endocrine system
Endocrine system
endocrine glands
3 types of hormones or chemical messen…
regulate long term processes in the human body
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
groups of scattered glands that aren't related in function an…
1. amino acid derivatives... 2. peptide ... 3. lipid derivatives
function of the endocrine system
regulate long term processes in the human body
Endocrine system
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
171 terms
Physiology 2 Exam 1: Endocrine System
where are hormone receptors located?
what synthesizes hormones?
what does T3 down-regulate?
when is HGH secreted?
-surface of the cell... -nucleus
-ribosomes
-receptors for TRH
-pulsatile secretion every 2 hours
where are hormone receptors located?
-surface of the cell... -nucleus
what synthesizes hormones?
-ribosomes
9 terms
Endocrine system Physiology
Target Cell
Polypeptide hormones
Steroid hormones and thyroxine
An example of positive feedback in hor…
The cell at which a chemical message is aimed
Composed of chains of amino acids, attach to a protein recept…
Secreted by the thyroid, enter the cell to attach to cytoplas…
Oxytocin
Target Cell
The cell at which a chemical message is aimed
Polypeptide hormones
Composed of chains of amino acids, attach to a protein recept…
12 terms
Physiology Exam 02 - Endocrine System: Part 1
Hormones?
Endocrine Glands?
How are hormones carried?
How do hormones work?
chemical messengers made up of proteins or lipids
release hormones into the blood stream
throughout the body in the blood
by acting on specific target cells within other organs (or ot…
Hormones?
chemical messengers made up of proteins or lipids
Endocrine Glands?
release hormones into the blood stream
35 terms
Physiology endocrine system
Hormone
General model of the endocrine system
4 types of hormones
Peptide hormones
Messenger chemical released into the blood in small amounts c…
1. Glands secrete hormone into blood... 2. Hormone binds to rece…
Peptide hormones... Steroids... Amino acid derived... Eicosanoids
Derived from small polypeptides to large proteins... Hydrophilic…
Hormone
Messenger chemical released into the blood in small amounts c…
General model of the endocrine system
1. Glands secrete hormone into blood... 2. Hormone binds to rece…
22 terms
Endocrine System Physiology
Function of endocrine system
Tropic hormone
Diurnal rhythm
Permissiveness
Nutrient metabolism, adaptive changes, growth and development…
Hormone that functions to regulate another hormone's secretion
Rhythms locked to external cues
One hormone must be adequately present for another hormone to…
Function of endocrine system
Nutrient metabolism, adaptive changes, growth and development…
Tropic hormone
Hormone that functions to regulate another hormone's secretion
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