Study sets matching "physiology endocrine system"

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Study sets matching "physiology endocrine system"

20 terms
Physiology Endocrine System Vocabulary
(Pituitary/Anterior) Growth Hormone (GH)
(Pituitary/Anterior) Thyroid Stimulati…
(Pituitary/Anterior) Prolactin (PRL)
(Pituitary/Anterior) AdrenoCorticoTrop…
Stimulates cells to enlarge and divide rapidly
Stimulates Thyroid to produce its hormones
Stimulates breast tissue to produce milk
Stimulates adrenal cortex to produce its hormones
(Pituitary/Anterior) Growth Hormone (GH)
Stimulates cells to enlarge and divide rapidly
(Pituitary/Anterior) Thyroid Stimulati…
Stimulates Thyroid to produce its hormones
21 terms
Endocrine System [Physiology]
Endocrine system
Hormones
Endocrine glands
Steroid
Consists of glands that secrete chemicals into the bloodstrea…
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Glands of the endocrine system that release hormones into the…
A type of lipid characterized by a carbon skeleton consisting…
Endocrine system
Consists of glands that secrete chemicals into the bloodstrea…
Hormones
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
Physiology Endocrine System Quiz
Anterior Pituitary Terms
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Growth Hormone
1. Adrenocorticotropic hormone... 2. Thyroid stimulating hormone…
Controls the release of hormones from the adrenal cortex
Controls the secretion of hormones from the thyroid
Stimulates an increase in the size and rate of reproducing bo…
Anterior Pituitary Terms
1. Adrenocorticotropic hormone... 2. Thyroid stimulating hormone…
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Controls the release of hormones from the adrenal cortex
20 terms
Physiology- Endocrine System
Beta Cells
Alpha Cells
leukotrienes
prostacyclins
insulin (stimulates glucose and amino acid uptake, promotes c…
glucagon (stimulates live glucose production and release, fat…
mediates allergic and inflammatory reactions (paracrine)
inhibits blood clotting and vasoconstriction (paracrine)
Beta Cells
insulin (stimulates glucose and amino acid uptake, promotes c…
Alpha Cells
glucagon (stimulates live glucose production and release, fat…
26 terms
Physiology- Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Hormones
Non-Steroid Hormones
Is a series of glands that produce hormones which act on spec…
chemical messengers
Targets are specific cells and/or tissues
Polypeptides are short chains (<100) of amino acids Most horm…
Endocrine System
Is a series of glands that produce hormones which act on spec…
Hormones
chemical messengers
Physiology Endocrine System+ Metabolism
Amine Hormones
Prohormones
Cholesterol Esterase
Cytochrome P450s
Derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine; includes thyroid horm…
Peptide precursor from which are cleaved one or more active p…
Causes free cholesterol to be released from the lipid droplet…
Enzymes contained in the inner mitochondrial membrane; requir…
Amine Hormones
Derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine; includes thyroid horm…
Prohormones
Peptide precursor from which are cleaved one or more active p…
81 terms
Endocrine system (Human Physiology)
Neural Mechanisms
Endocrine Mechanisms
Endocrine glands are
Endocrine mechanisms control things ov…
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
ductless (secrete directly into circulation)
growth/maturation, water/electrolyte balance, circulation met…
Neural Mechanisms
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
Endocrine Mechanisms
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
41 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY: THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
endocrine system
endocrinology
target cells
receptors
consists of several endocrine glands plus many hormone-secret…
is the scientific and medical speciality concerned with hormo…
although a given hormone travels throughout the body blood, i…
hormones, like neurotransmitters, influence their target cell…
endocrine system
consists of several endocrine glands plus many hormone-secret…
endocrinology
is the scientific and medical speciality concerned with hormo…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
36 terms
HAP Endocrine System (Physiology)
Hypothalamus
Pituitary
Pineal
Thyroid
Located in the brain. Secretes TRF, Oxytocin, GHRH, GnRH.
Located in the brain. Secretes ADH, GH, TSH, ACTH
Located in the brain. Secretes Melatonin.
Located in the throat. Secretes Thyroxine and Calcitonin.
Hypothalamus
Located in the brain. Secretes TRF, Oxytocin, GHRH, GnRH.
Pituitary
Located in the brain. Secretes ADH, GH, TSH, ACTH
126 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine system
Anterior lobe of pituitary
posterior lobe of pituitary
thyroid gland
parathyroid gland
growth hormone- found in most body tissue, and stimulates gro…
anti-diuretic hormone- increases water reabsorption in kidney…
thyroxine- increases metabolic rate, also essential for norma…
parathormone- increases blood calcium
Anterior lobe of pituitary
growth hormone- found in most body tissue, and stimulates gro…
posterior lobe of pituitary
anti-diuretic hormone- increases water reabsorption in kidney…
16 terms
Endocrine System Physiology
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Two types of glands in the body
Hormones are organized into four group…
•Maintain Homeostasis... •Communication by Hormones... •Releases in…
•Maintain Homeostasis... •Communication by Neurotransmitters... •Re…
•Exocrine Glands-Secrete nonhormonal products (enzymes, etc)…
●Amino Acid Derivatives-made from one amino acid, epinephrine…
Endocrine System
•Maintain Homeostasis... •Communication by Hormones... •Releases in…
Nervous System
•Maintain Homeostasis... •Communication by Neurotransmitters... •Re…
33 terms
EEOB Physiology Endocrine System
hypothyroidism
T0 (no negative feedback)
bind to receptors
TSH, overstimulated follicular cells
this disorder is caused by an iodine deficiency
hypothyroidism produces what instead?
T0 cannot _____ _____ _____
in hypothyroidism, T3 and T4 don't get produced, to stop the…
hypothyroidism
this disorder is caused by an iodine deficiency
T0 (no negative feedback)
hypothyroidism produces what instead?
24 terms
Physiology-Endocrine System Hormones
TSH (Thyroid stimulating Hormone)
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)
FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone)
LH (Luteinizing Hormone)
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
produced in the anterior pituitary gland. tropic hormone used…
TSH (Thyroid stimulating Hormone)
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine System
Hypothalmus
Pituitary
Pineal
Thyroid*
Helps with homeostasis... Master control center
Produces hormones
Secretes melatonin-makes you sleep
Regulates body's metabolism
Hypothalmus
Helps with homeostasis... Master control center
Pituitary
Produces hormones
66 terms
Endocrine System - Physiology
Hormones
Endocrine Glands
Endocrine Organs
cellular metabolism, transport across…
have widespread and diverse effects that are typically more p…
-pituitary... -thyroid... -parathyroid... -adrenal (adrenal medulla an…
-gonads (testes and ovaries)... -pancreas... -kidney... -heart... -numero…
The endocrine system is largely responsible for:... 1. regulatio…
Hormones
have widespread and diverse effects that are typically more p…
Endocrine Glands
-pituitary... -thyroid... -parathyroid... -adrenal (adrenal medulla an…
36 terms
physiology endocrine system
endocrine system does what?
what are the types of hormones?
Amine hormones are derived from:
polypeptide or proteins are:
secrete hormones
steroids, amines, polypeptides, and glycoproteins
tyrosine or tryptophan
chains of amino acids
endocrine system does what?
secrete hormones
what are the types of hormones?
steroids, amines, polypeptides, and glycoproteins
105 terms
Physiology Unit 2.4 - Endocrine System
Negative Feedback
pancreas
Insulin
effector organs
The Endocrine System maintains Homeostasis with a ______ feed…
The _____ is a sensor of a negative feedback regulation of in…
_______ secretion is an integrator in the negative feedback r…
The cells throughout the body in the negative feedback regula…
Negative Feedback
The Endocrine System maintains Homeostasis with a ______ feed…
pancreas
The _____ is a sensor of a negative feedback regulation of in…
Physiology endocrine system
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth hormone
Prolactin
In the anterior pituitary it controls the release of hormones…
In the anterior pituitary it controls the secretion of hormon…
In the anterior pituitary it stimulates and increase in the s…
In the anterior pituitary it stimulates milk production after…
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
In the anterior pituitary it controls the release of hormones…
Thyroid stimulating hormone
In the anterior pituitary it controls the secretion of hormon…
188 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
The general function of the Endrocrine…
The endocrine system uses __________ t…
Hormones are _________ ____________ th…
Hormone vs. factor; Hormone = ________…
nervous... homeostasis
hormones
chemical messengers... blood
known
The general function of the Endrocrine…
nervous... homeostasis
The endocrine system uses __________ t…
hormones
16 terms
Endocrine System Physiology
oxytocin
ADH
GH
TSH
hypothalamus stimulated. (posterior) pituitary gland. stimula…
hypothalamus stimulated. posterior pituitary. antidiuretic ho…
growth hormone. anterior pituitary. stimulates growth of bone…
thyroid-stimulating hormone. anterior pituitary. tropic hormo…
oxytocin
hypothalamus stimulated. (posterior) pituitary gland. stimula…
ADH
hypothalamus stimulated. posterior pituitary. antidiuretic ho…
70 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
endocrine system
exocrine system
endocrine glands
neurohormone
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
secretes out of the body
secrete into bloodstream into target cells with receptors
secreted by specialized cells of the hypothalamus
endocrine system
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
exocrine system
secretes out of the body
25 terms
Physiology Endocrine System
growth hormone ... gh
thyroid stimulating hormone... tsh
prolactin... prl
adreno cortico tropic hormone ... acth
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates cells to enlarge and di…
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates thyroid to produce its…
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates breast tissue to produc…
-anterior pituitary gland ... -stimulates adrenal cortex to prod…
growth hormone ... gh
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates cells to enlarge and di…
thyroid stimulating hormone... tsh
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates thyroid to produce its…
65 terms
Endocrine system physiology
Thyroid gland
Thyroid hormones
Action of thyroid hormone
Deficiency of thyroid hormone
2 lobes joined by isthmus.... Location: neck, anterolateral to e…
thyroxine released and converted to triiodothyronine
increase metabolic activity of most tissues. Increases bone g…
retardation, obesity, lack of energy, depression
Thyroid gland
2 lobes joined by isthmus.... Location: neck, anterolateral to e…
Thyroid hormones
thyroxine released and converted to triiodothyronine
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
Classes of hormones
Produced by hypothalamus
Produced by Anterior lobe of the Pitui…
Released by Posterior lobe of the Pitu…
1. Amino acid derivatives... 2. Peptide hormones... 3. Lipid deriva…
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin (OXT)
1. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)... 2. Follicle-stimulatin…
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin (OXT)
Classes of hormones
1. Amino acid derivatives... 2. Peptide hormones... 3. Lipid deriva…
Produced by hypothalamus
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin (OXT)
51 terms
physiology endocrine system
endocrinology
hormones
intracrine
autocrine
study of communication and control within a living organism b…
defined chemical entity secreted or produced by an special ce…
cell communication within a cell
cell synthesizes a hormone. hormone exits cell. then binds re…
endocrinology
study of communication and control within a living organism b…
hormones
defined chemical entity secreted or produced by an special ce…
Physiology: Endocrine System
Hormone
Target Cell
Exocrine Gland
Endocrine Gland
Substance produced in one part of an organism that affects an…
Cell that has a receptor for a particular hormone
Gland that releases its secretions through tube like structur…
Gland that releases its secretions directly to the bloodstream
Hormone
Substance produced in one part of an organism that affects an…
Target Cell
Cell that has a receptor for a particular hormone
118 terms
Physiology - Endocrine system
Proper functioning of one part of the…
CTOS
Four groups of Cells/Tissues
Organs are defined as...
the proper functioning of another part.
Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System
CMEN - Connective, Muscle, Epithelial, Nerve
two or more tissue types that perform a specific function
Proper functioning of one part of the…
the proper functioning of another part.
CTOS
Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
secrete hormones into the blood stream
secrete body chemicals into ducts to b…
hormones are chemical messengers that…
the hypothalamus in the brain is conne…
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
direct gene; second
pituitary gland
secrete hormones into the blood stream
endocrine glands
secrete body chemicals into ducts to b…
exocrine glands
27 terms
9 - Endocrine system - Anatomy & Physiology
endocrine system
hormones
amino acid based hormones
steroids
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
include proteins, peptides, amino acids and other forms that…
Many of this type of lipid serve as chemical messengers or as…
endocrine system
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of gla…
hormones
chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Physiology: Endocrine System
What transmits the communication of th…
hormone
paracrines
What cells and tissues do paracrines e…
hormones
chemical in the blood
local hormones
surrounding cells and tissues
What transmits the communication of th…
hormones
hormone
chemical in the blood
Human Physiology, Endocrine System
Hormones
Pituitary gland
exocrine glands
Endocrine Glands
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to ot…
Glands that secrete substances into bloodstream
Hormones
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Pituitary gland
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
32 terms
VCU Physiology, Endocrine System
Anatomically discontinuous
tropic hormones
nontropic hormones
peptide hormones
the endocrine system acts as a functional unit
mainly control the rate of secretion of other hormones, TSH F…
mostly affect cells outside of the endocrine system GH and Prl
chains of amino acids secreted by exocytosis and circulates a…
Anatomically discontinuous
the endocrine system acts as a functional unit
tropic hormones
mainly control the rate of secretion of other hormones, TSH F…
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
how hormones work
Master gland
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
Pituitary gland
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
the Hormone that are Amino Acid based…
The Hormone of steroid is made of?
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
Proteins ... Peptides... Amines
Cholestrol
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
65 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormone Classes-Glycoproteins
Hormone Classes-Peptides
Hormone Classes-Amines
Hormone Classes- Group I
FSH, TSH, LH, hCG... "Find Two Like Her"
ACTH, ATII, CRH, GnRH, DA, GHRH, Calcitonin, PTH, MSH, Growth…
Epi, NE, DA, T3, T4 (thyroxine)
Hydrophobic hormones--bind to nuclear receptors... - T3, T4... -…
Hormone Classes-Glycoproteins
FSH, TSH, LH, hCG... "Find Two Like Her"
Hormone Classes-Peptides
ACTH, ATII, CRH, GnRH, DA, GHRH, Calcitonin, PTH, MSH, Growth…
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
2 types of hormones
Master gland
Pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
Pituitary gland
Controls other glands in the body by secreting hormones that…
Connects pituitary gland to the ventral portion of the brain.…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
Master gland
Pituitary gland
19 terms
Physiology-Endocrine System
Gland: Adipose tissue
Gland: Adrenal cortex
Gland: adrenal medulla
gland: heart
Major hormone(s): leptin... Target organ(s): hypothalamus ... Effec…
Major hormone(s): Gluccocorticoids (cortisol), mineralcortico…
Major hormone(s): epinephrine... Target organ(s): heart, bronchi…
Major hormone(s): atrial natriuretic hormone... Target organ(s):…
Gland: Adipose tissue
Major hormone(s): leptin... Target organ(s): hypothalamus ... Effec…
Gland: Adrenal cortex
Major hormone(s): Gluccocorticoids (cortisol), mineralcortico…
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine System
which of the following hormones primar…
Tropic Hormone
Endocrine glands secrete __________ in…
A hormone is a ____ and the target cel…
Follicle-Stimulating Hormine
Stimulate certain endocrine glands to secrete hormone
Hormones; Target Tissues
molecule that has a metabolic effect on another cell; a cell…
which of the following hormones primar…
Follicle-Stimulating Hormine
Tropic Hormone
Stimulate certain endocrine glands to secrete hormone
15 terms
physiology endocrine system
Why not just one endocrine?
corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH)…
thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH)- e…
growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH…
1. complexity is a trade off and cost, but what is the benefi…
stimulates... endocrine 2: adrenocortictropin hormone (ACTH) (ad…
stimulates... endocrine 2: thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)(thy…
stimulates... endocrine 2: growth hormone (GH)... endocrine 3: (liv…
Why not just one endocrine?
1. complexity is a trade off and cost, but what is the benefi…
corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH)…
stimulates... endocrine 2: adrenocortictropin hormone (ACTH) (ad…
210 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II - The Endocrine System
What two systems coordinate all of the…
-The nervous system does so through th…
Hormones are simply ____________ molec…
Some hormones, called ________________…
1. nervous... 2. endocrine
-neurons... -neurotransmitters... -hormones
mediator
-autocrine ... (note: auto means self)
What two systems coordinate all of the…
1. nervous... 2. endocrine
-The nervous system does so through th…
-neurons... -neurotransmitters... -hormones
Physiology -- Endocrine System
hormone definition ... what is it?
hormone definition ... what is its chemi…
hormone definition ... what does it do a…
what is the endocrine system?
signaling molecule conveyed by the BLOOD STREAM, by NEURONAL…
protein, peptide, catecholamine, steroid or iodinated tyrosin…
1) regulates existing metabolic pathways via second messenger…
collection of endocrine glands and other cells
hormone definition ... what is it?
signaling molecule conveyed by the BLOOD STREAM, by NEURONAL…
hormone definition ... what is its chemi…
protein, peptide, catecholamine, steroid or iodinated tyrosin…
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