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Study sets matching "physiology endocrine system"

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Study sets matching "physiology endocrine system"

48 terms
Physiology: Endocrine system
Regulates
Consists of
Proteins
Amines
Growth, conversion of food to energy, resistance of stress, p…
Endocrine glands and hormones-specific effect on target organ…
Chains of amino acids, Rex: insulin and growth hormones, pept…
Simple hormones-ex: thyroxine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine
Regulates
Growth, conversion of food to energy, resistance of stress, p…
Consists of
Endocrine glands and hormones-specific effect on target organ…
66 terms
Endocrine System - Physiology
Hormones
Endocrine Glands
Endocrine Organs
cellular metabolism, transport across…
have widespread and diverse effects that are typically more p…
-pituitary... -thyroid... -parathyroid... -adrenal (adrenal medulla an…
-gonads (testes and ovaries)... -pancreas... -kidney... -heart... -numero…
The endocrine system is largely responsible for:... 1. regulatio…
Hormones
have widespread and diverse effects that are typically more p…
Endocrine Glands
-pituitary... -thyroid... -parathyroid... -adrenal (adrenal medulla an…
36 terms
physiology endocrine system
endocrine system does what?
what are the types of hormones?
Amine hormones are derived from:
polypeptide or proteins are:
secrete hormones
steroids, amines, polypeptides, and glycoproteins
tyrosine or tryptophan
chains of amino acids
endocrine system does what?
secrete hormones
what are the types of hormones?
steroids, amines, polypeptides, and glycoproteins
20 terms
Physiology- Endocrine System
Beta Cells
Alpha Cells
leukotrienes
prostacyclins
insulin (stimulates glucose and amino acid uptake, promotes c…
glucagon (stimulates live glucose production and release, fat…
mediates allergic and inflammatory reactions (paracrine)
inhibits blood clotting and vasoconstriction (paracrine)
Beta Cells
insulin (stimulates glucose and amino acid uptake, promotes c…
Alpha Cells
glucagon (stimulates live glucose production and release, fat…
26 terms
Physiology- Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Hormones
Non-Steroid Hormones
Is a series of glands that produce hormones which act on spec…
chemical messengers
Targets are specific cells and/or tissues
Polypeptides are short chains (<100) of amino acids Most horm…
Endocrine System
Is a series of glands that produce hormones which act on spec…
Hormones
chemical messengers
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
the Hormone that are Amino Acid based…
The Hormone of steroid is made of?
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
Proteins ... Peptides... Amines
Cholestrol
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
85 terms
Endocrine System: Human Physiology
Hormones
Processes under hormonal regulation
a hormone can
Modes of Hormone action
regulate physiology and behavior, chemical signals released i…
growth, developmnent, metabolism, reproduction, control of en…
affect many different tissues like glucagon: adipose, liver,…
control of molecule transport across membrane ex. insulin, co…
Hormones
regulate physiology and behavior, chemical signals released i…
Processes under hormonal regulation
growth, developmnent, metabolism, reproduction, control of en…
16 terms
Physiology Endocrine System+ Metabolism
Amine Hormones
Prohormones
Cholesterol Esterase
Cytochrome P450s
Derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine; includes thyroid horm…
Peptide precursor from which are cleaved one or more active p…
Causes free cholesterol to be released from the lipid droplet…
Enzymes contained in the inner mitochondrial membrane; requir…
Amine Hormones
Derivatives of the amino acid tyrosine; includes thyroid horm…
Prohormones
Peptide precursor from which are cleaved one or more active p…
188 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
The general function of the Endrocrine…
The endocrine system uses __________ t…
Hormones are _________ ____________ th…
Hormone vs. factor; Hormone = ________…
nervous... homeostasis
hormones
chemical messengers... blood
known
The general function of the Endrocrine…
nervous... homeostasis
The endocrine system uses __________ t…
hormones
70 terms
Human Physiology- Endocrine System
endocrine system
exocrine system
endocrine glands
neurohormone
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
secretes out of the body
secrete into bloodstream into target cells with receptors
secreted by specialized cells of the hypothalamus
endocrine system
secretes hormones into the body to regulate body metabolism,…
exocrine system
secretes out of the body
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
36 terms
HAP Endocrine System (Physiology)
Hypothalamus
Pituitary
Pineal
Thyroid
Located in the brain. Secretes TRF, Oxytocin, GHRH, GnRH.
Located in the brain. Secretes ADH, GH, TSH, ACTH
Located in the brain. Secretes Melatonin.
Located in the throat. Secretes Thyroxine and Calcitonin.
Hypothalamus
Located in the brain. Secretes TRF, Oxytocin, GHRH, GnRH.
Pituitary
Located in the brain. Secretes ADH, GH, TSH, ACTH
126 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
Classes of hormones
Produced by hypothalamus
Produced by Anterior lobe of the Pitui…
Released by Posterior lobe of the Pitu…
1. Amino acid derivatives... 2. Peptide hormones... 3. Lipid deriva…
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin (OXT)
1. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)... 2. Follicle-stimulatin…
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin (OXT)
Classes of hormones
1. Amino acid derivatives... 2. Peptide hormones... 3. Lipid deriva…
Produced by hypothalamus
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin (OXT)
24 terms
Physiology-Endocrine System Hormones
TSH (Thyroid stimulating Hormone)
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)
FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone)
LH (Luteinizing Hormone)
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
produced in the anterior pituitary gland. tropic hormone used…
TSH (Thyroid stimulating Hormone)
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone)
produced in the Anterior Pituitary gland. Tropic hormone used…
Physiology: Endocrine System
Hormone
Target Cell
Exocrine Gland
Endocrine Gland
Substance produced in one part of an organism that affects an…
Cell that has a receptor for a particular hormone
Gland that releases its secretions through tube like structur…
Gland that releases its secretions directly to the bloodstream
Hormone
Substance produced in one part of an organism that affects an…
Target Cell
Cell that has a receptor for a particular hormone
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
secrete hormones into the blood stream
secrete body chemicals into ducts to b…
hormones are chemical messengers that…
the hypothalamus in the brain is conne…
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
direct gene; second
pituitary gland
secrete hormones into the blood stream
endocrine glands
secrete body chemicals into ducts to b…
exocrine glands
22 terms
Human Physiology, Endocrine System
Hormones
Pituitary gland
exocrine glands
Endocrine Glands
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to ot…
Glands that secrete substances into bloodstream
Hormones
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocri…
Pituitary gland
Master control of endocrine system, ... Endocrine gland attached…
43 terms
EEOB Physiology The Endocrine System
tyrosine
T3, T4 (nonpolar, associated with thyr…
nonpolar, plasma
steroids
amino endocrines are derived from
what are the five examples of amino endocrines and which two…
if an endocrine is ______, it has problems moving through the…
these endocrines are all non polar and have more ring structu…
tyrosine
amino endocrines are derived from
T3, T4 (nonpolar, associated with thyr…
what are the five examples of amino endocrines and which two…
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
hormones
target cells
negative feedback mechanisms
humoral
chemical messengers secreted by cells and transported through…
hormones that affect only the cells that they are able to att…
the chief means of regulating blood levels of nearly all horm…
release of hormones in response to changes in nutrient blood…
hormones
chemical messengers secreted by cells and transported through…
target cells
hormones that affect only the cells that they are able to att…
81 terms
Endocrine system (Human Physiology)
Neural Mechanisms
Endocrine Mechanisms
Endocrine glands are
Endocrine mechanisms control things ov…
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
ductless (secrete directly into circulation)
growth/maturation, water/electrolyte balance, circulation met…
Neural Mechanisms
instantaneous on and off; local (messenger goes directly to t…
Endocrine Mechanisms
gradual on and off; global (messenger travels in circulation)
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
the Hormone that are Amino Acid based…
The Hormone of steroid is made of?
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
Proteins ... Peptides... Amines
Cholestrol
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
16 terms
Endocrine System Physiology
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Two types of glands in the body
Hormones are organized into four group…
•Maintain Homeostasis... •Communication by Hormones... •Releases in…
•Maintain Homeostasis... •Communication by Neurotransmitters... •Re…
•Exocrine Glands-Secrete nonhormonal products (enzymes, etc)…
●Amino Acid Derivatives-made from one amino acid, epinephrine…
Endocrine System
•Maintain Homeostasis... •Communication by Hormones... •Releases in…
Nervous System
•Maintain Homeostasis... •Communication by Neurotransmitters... •Re…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
65 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
2 types of hormones
Master gland
Pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
Pituitary gland
Controls other glands in the body by secreting hormones that…
Connects pituitary gland to the ventral portion of the brain.…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
Master gland
Pituitary gland
93 terms
Anatomy and physiology endocrine system
function of the endocrine system
Lipid Soluble Hormones
Water Soluble Hormones
Endocrine system
regulate long term processes in the human body
Bind to receptors in the cytoplasm or nucleus of the cell... -St…
Bind to receptors on the surface of the cells... -Peptide and Pr…
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
function of the endocrine system
regulate long term processes in the human body
Lipid Soluble Hormones
Bind to receptors in the cytoplasm or nucleus of the cell... -St…
12 terms
physiology of the endocrine system
endocrine system
pituitary, adrenal, thyroid, parathyro…
hormones
endocrine glands
biochemical communication network through which several small…
four major endocrine glands?
the endocrine glands secrete_____?
chemical messengers that may affect a single target organ or…
endocrine system
biochemical communication network through which several small…
pituitary, adrenal, thyroid, parathyro…
four major endocrine glands?
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Neurotransmitter
Hormones
Endocrinology
Neuroendocrine
Released from axon terminals
Released from glands
Science concerned with the structure and function of the endo…
Combination of the nervous and endocrine systems
Neurotransmitter
Released from axon terminals
Hormones
Released from glands
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
11 terms
Physiology endocrine system
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Thyroid stimulating hormone
Growth hormone
Prolactin
In the anterior pituitary it controls the release of hormones…
In the anterior pituitary it controls the secretion of hormon…
In the anterior pituitary it stimulates and increase in the s…
In the anterior pituitary it stimulates milk production after…
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
In the anterior pituitary it controls the release of hormones…
Thyroid stimulating hormone
In the anterior pituitary it controls the secretion of hormon…
Physiology: Endocrine System
What transmits the communication of th…
hormone
paracrines
What cells and tissues do paracrines e…
hormones
chemical in the blood
local hormones
surrounding cells and tissues
What transmits the communication of th…
hormones
hormone
chemical in the blood
19 terms
Physiology-Endocrine System
Gland: Adipose tissue
Gland: Adrenal cortex
Gland: adrenal medulla
gland: heart
Major hormone(s): leptin... Target organ(s): hypothalamus ... Effec…
Major hormone(s): Gluccocorticoids (cortisol), mineralcortico…
Major hormone(s): epinephrine... Target organ(s): heart, bronchi…
Major hormone(s): atrial natriuretic hormone... Target organ(s):…
Gland: Adipose tissue
Major hormone(s): leptin... Target organ(s): hypothalamus ... Effec…
Gland: Adrenal cortex
Major hormone(s): Gluccocorticoids (cortisol), mineralcortico…
16 terms
Endocrine System Physiology
oxytocin
ADH
GH
TSH
hypothalamus stimulated. (posterior) pituitary gland. stimula…
hypothalamus stimulated. posterior pituitary. antidiuretic ho…
growth hormone. anterior pituitary. stimulates growth of bone…
thyroid-stimulating hormone. anterior pituitary. tropic hormo…
oxytocin
hypothalamus stimulated. (posterior) pituitary gland. stimula…
ADH
hypothalamus stimulated. posterior pituitary. antidiuretic ho…
25 terms
Physiology Endocrine System
growth hormone ... gh
thyroid stimulating hormone... tsh
prolactin... prl
adreno cortico tropic hormone ... acth
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates cells to enlarge and di…
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates thyroid to produce its…
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates breast tissue to produc…
-anterior pituitary gland ... -stimulates adrenal cortex to prod…
growth hormone ... gh
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates cells to enlarge and di…
thyroid stimulating hormone... tsh
-anterior pituitary gland... -stimulates thyroid to produce its…
22 terms
Physiology Endocrine System
GH
PRL
TSH
ACTH
(Growth hormone) in the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates…
(Prolactin) in anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates women's m…
(Thyroid-stimulating hormone) in anterior pituitary gland. Ma…
(Adrenocorticotropic hormone) in anterior pituitary gland. Ma…
GH
(Growth hormone) in the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates…
PRL
(Prolactin) in anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates women's m…
51 terms
physiology endocrine system
endocrinology
hormones
intracrine
autocrine
study of communication and control within a living organism b…
defined chemical entity secreted or produced by an special ce…
cell communication within a cell
cell synthesizes a hormone. hormone exits cell. then binds re…
endocrinology
study of communication and control within a living organism b…
hormones
defined chemical entity secreted or produced by an special ce…
118 terms
Physiology - Endocrine system
Proper functioning of one part of the…
CTOS
Four groups of Cells/Tissues
Organs are defined as...
the proper functioning of another part.
Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System
CMEN - Connective, Muscle, Epithelial, Nerve
two or more tissue types that perform a specific function
Proper functioning of one part of the…
the proper functioning of another part.
CTOS
Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System
48 terms
Physiology Endocrine System Quiz
Anterior Pituitary Terms
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Growth Hormone
1. Adrenocorticotropic hormone... 2. Thyroid stimulating hormone…
Controls the release of hormones from the adrenal cortex
Controls the secretion of hormones from the thyroid
Stimulates an increase in the size and rate of reproducing bo…
Anterior Pituitary Terms
1. Adrenocorticotropic hormone... 2. Thyroid stimulating hormone…
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Controls the release of hormones from the adrenal cortex
82 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine System
which of the following hormones primar…
Tropic Hormone
Endocrine glands secrete __________ in…
A hormone is a ____ and the target cel…
Follicle-Stimulating Hormine
Stimulate certain endocrine glands to secrete hormone
Hormones; Target Tissues
molecule that has a metabolic effect on another cell; a cell…
which of the following hormones primar…
Follicle-Stimulating Hormine
Tropic Hormone
Stimulate certain endocrine glands to secrete hormone
32 terms
VCU Physiology, Endocrine System
Anatomically discontinuous
tropic hormones
nontropic hormones
peptide hormones
the endocrine system acts as a functional unit
mainly control the rate of secretion of other hormones, TSH F…
mostly affect cells outside of the endocrine system GH and Prl
chains of amino acids secreted by exocytosis and circulates a…
Anatomically discontinuous
the endocrine system acts as a functional unit
tropic hormones
mainly control the rate of secretion of other hormones, TSH F…
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
how hormones work
Master gland
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
Pituitary gland
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
55 terms
Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormone Classes-Glycoproteins
Hormone Classes-Peptides
Hormone Classes-Amines
Hormone Classes- Group I
FSH, TSH, LH, hCG... "Find Two Like Her"
ACTH, ATII, CRH, GnRH, DA, GHRH, Calcitonin, PTH, MSH, Growth…
Epi, NE, DA, T3, T4 (thyroxine)
Hydrophobic hormones--bind to nuclear receptors... - T3, T4... -…
Hormone Classes-Glycoproteins
FSH, TSH, LH, hCG... "Find Two Like Her"
Hormone Classes-Peptides
ACTH, ATII, CRH, GnRH, DA, GHRH, Calcitonin, PTH, MSH, Growth…
41 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY: THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
endocrine system
endocrinology
target cells
receptors
consists of several endocrine glands plus many hormone-secret…
is the scientific and medical speciality concerned with hormo…
although a given hormone travels throughout the body blood, i…
hormones, like neurotransmitters, influence their target cell…
endocrine system
consists of several endocrine glands plus many hormone-secret…
endocrinology
is the scientific and medical speciality concerned with hormo…
10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine system
Anterior lobe of pituitary
posterior lobe of pituitary
thyroid gland
parathyroid gland
growth hormone- found in most body tissue, and stimulates gro…
anti-diuretic hormone- increases water reabsorption in kidney…
thyroxine- increases metabolic rate, also essential for norma…
parathormone- increases blood calcium
Anterior lobe of pituitary
growth hormone- found in most body tissue, and stimulates gro…
posterior lobe of pituitary
anti-diuretic hormone- increases water reabsorption in kidney…
4 of 10