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Study sets matching "physiology human anatomy chapter 7"

91 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
Axial Skeleton
Skull
Cranium
Facial Bones
Skull, vertebral column, and bony thorax (80 cranial bones).
The body's most complex bony structure, is formed by the cran…
Protects the brain and is the site of attachment for head and…
Supply the framework of the face, the sense organs, and the t…
Axial Skeleton
Skull, vertebral column, and bony thorax (80 cranial bones).
Skull
The body's most complex bony structure, is formed by the cran…
127 terms
Chapter 7- Human Anatomy and Physiology
How many cranial and facial bones are…
What do cranial bones do?
What do facial bones do?
80 bones, includes: skull, vertebral c…
22
enclose and protect the brain and furnish attachments for hea…
1. form framework of face... 2. contain cavities for special sen…
Axial skeleton
How many cranial and facial bones are…
22
What do cranial bones do?
enclose and protect the brain and furnish attachments for hea…
62 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7
skeleton (skeletal system)
axial skeleton
skull
cranium
System of protection and support composed primarily of bone a…
Relating to the head, neck, and trunk
Bony protective encasement of the brain and the organs of hea…
Bony protective encasement of the brain and organs of hearing…
skeleton (skeletal system)
System of protection and support composed primarily of bone a…
axial skeleton
Relating to the head, neck, and trunk
62 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
37 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
T or F:... Costal cartilages join most ri…
T or F:... The vomer forms part of the na…
T or F:... The most common site of fractu…
Which of the following is true about p…
True
True
False
Paranasal sinuses enhance the resonance of the voice and ligh…
T or F:... Costal cartilages join most ri…
True
T or F:... The vomer forms part of the na…
True
33 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology I - Chapter 7
Osseous Bone Tissue
Individual bones consist of
Functions of skeletal system
Shapes of bones
Connective tissue with a matrix hardened by calcium phosphate
Bone tissue, blood, marrow, cartilage, and periosteum... (BBMCP)
Movement, electrolyte balance, support, protection, acid-base…
Long, Irregular, Flat, Short... (LIFS)
Osseous Bone Tissue
Connective tissue with a matrix hardened by calcium phosphate
Individual bones consist of
Bone tissue, blood, marrow, cartilage, and periosteum... (BBMCP)
62 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7
skeleton (skeletal system)
axial skeleton
skull
cranium
System of protection and support composed primarily of bone a…
Relating to the head, neck, and trunk
Bony protective encasement of the brain and the organs of hea…
Bony protective encasement of the brain and organs of hearing…
skeleton (skeletal system)
System of protection and support composed primarily of bone a…
axial skeleton
Relating to the head, neck, and trunk
82 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7 Terms
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
4 Primary Functions of the Axial Skele…
Skull
Contains the skull, face, thoracic cage, and vertebral column…
Contains the arms, legs, hands, feet, pelvic, and shoulder gi…
Provides a framework; Provides attachment for muscles that mo…
22 Bones; The entire head made up of the cranium and face
Axial Skeleton
Contains the skull, face, thoracic cage, and vertebral column…
Appendicular Skeleton
Contains the arms, legs, hands, feet, pelvic, and shoulder gi…
119 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
17 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
The role of the cranium is to?... secure…
The joint between skull bones is calle…
Which of the following is positioned d…
Which of the following is a facial bon…
enclose the brain.
suture.
Ethmoid bone
vomer
The role of the cranium is to?... secure…
enclose the brain.
The joint between skull bones is calle…
suture.
113 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7
skeleton (skeletal system)
axial skeleton
skull
Cranial Bones (cranium)
System of protection and support composed of bone, cartilage,…
Forms longitudinal axis of body; supports head, neck, and tru…
Bony protective encasement of the brain and the organs of hea…
Potective encasement of the brain and organs of hearing and e…
skeleton (skeletal system)
System of protection and support composed of bone, cartilage,…
axial skeleton
Forms longitudinal axis of body; supports head, neck, and tru…
15 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology chapter 7
Thoracic Cage
12
True ribs
False ribs
Includes ribs, thoracic vertebrae, sternum, and costal cartle…
# of ribs that attach to same # of thoracic vertebrae
First 7 pairs of ribs. Attach directly to the sternum by coal…
Next 3 ribs not attached directly to the sternum
Thoracic Cage
Includes ribs, thoracic vertebrae, sternum, and costal cartle…
12
# of ribs that attach to same # of thoracic vertebrae
27 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
# of neurons vs # of neuroglia
Why does the brain need such high perc…
Role of Cerebrospinal Fluid
Where does Cerebrospinal Fluid come fr…
100 billion neurons and 10-50 trillion neuroglia
Brain doesnt store glucose so it needs a continuous supply
Provides oxygen, glucose, and other nutrients and have their…
It comes from choroid plexuses when the produce the fluid fro…
# of neurons vs # of neuroglia
100 billion neurons and 10-50 trillion neuroglia
Why does the brain need such high perc…
Brain doesnt store glucose so it needs a continuous supply
62 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
34 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology I Chapter 7-
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cranium
facial bones
skull, vertebral column, rib cage
limbs, clavicle, scapula
skull, has 8 bones
14 bones
axial skeleton
skull, vertebral column, rib cage
appendicular skeleton
limbs, clavicle, scapula
30 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
long bones
short bones
seasmoid bone or round bone
flat bone
have long longitudinal axes and expanded ends
are cube-like, with roughly equal lengths and widths.
specially type of short bone that is usually small and nodula…
plate-like structures with broad surfaces
long bones
have long longitudinal axes and expanded ends
short bones
are cube-like, with roughly equal lengths and widths.
162 terms
Chapter 7 & 8: Human Anatomy and Physiology
Human skeleton
Hyaline cartilage
206
80
Cartilages and fibrous membranes
Most abundant cartilage
How many bones make up the adult skeleton?
How many bones make up the axial skeleton?
Human skeleton
Cartilages and fibrous membranes
Hyaline cartilage
Most abundant cartilage
17 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
The role of the cranium is to?... secure…
The joint between skull bones is calle…
Which of the following is positioned d…
Which of the following is a facial bon…
enclose the brain.
suture.
Ethmoid bone
vomer
The role of the cranium is to?... secure…
enclose the brain.
The joint between skull bones is calle…
suture.
37 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
T or F:... Costal cartilages join most ri…
T or F:... The vomer forms part of the na…
T or F:... The most common site of fractu…
Which of the following is true about p…
True
True
False
Paranasal sinuses enhance the resonance of the voice and ligh…
T or F:... Costal cartilages join most ri…
True
T or F:... The vomer forms part of the na…
True
119 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
13 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7 Terms
suture
foramen
process
meatus
only joints in the body that don't move
hole for vessels and nerves
projection or raised area; anchor for ligaments and tendons
tube-like opening; allows for articulation with other bones
suture
only joints in the body that don't move
foramen
hole for vessels and nerves
96 terms
Hole's essential of human anatomy & physiology 11th ed. chapter 7
Where in the human skeletons are long…
Distinguish between the epiphysis and…
Describe where cartilage is found on t…
describe where dense connective tissue…
The limbs
epiphysis is the ends of the bone diaphysis is the center of…
It is found at either end of the long bones where it provides…
in the cartilage of the long bone
Where in the human skeletons are long…
The limbs
Distinguish between the epiphysis and…
epiphysis is the ends of the bone diaphysis is the center of…
Human Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 7: The Skeleton: Vocab
Thorax
Fovea
Superior
Ramus
The portion of the body trunk above the diaphragm and below t…
A pit.
Toward the head or upper body regions
Branch of a nerve, artery, vein, or bone.
Thorax
The portion of the body trunk above the diaphragm and below t…
Fovea
A pit.
34 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7
What are the two types of bone cells?
How do estrogen and testosterone affec…
How do growth hormones affect the skel…
What happens if an extremely small amo…
Osteoblasts and Osteoclasts.
They promote bone growth.
The quantity secreted will decide how tall you are.
Dwarfism.
What are the two types of bone cells?
Osteoblasts and Osteoclasts.
How do estrogen and testosterone affec…
They promote bone growth.
119 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
26 terms
Chapter 7: Human Anatomy and Physiology (Word Bank)
Axial
Appendicular
Sutures
Orbits
(80 Bones Total) Relating to the skull, vertebral column, sac…
Bones of appendages and bony grades (shoulder and hip joints)…
Interlocking joints that unite all bones of the skull except…
Bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Axial
(80 Bones Total) Relating to the skull, vertebral column, sac…
Appendicular
Bones of appendages and bony grades (shoulder and hip joints)…
133 terms
BIO 201 (Human anatomy & Physiology) Chapter 7
Bones include active, living tissue:
_________ bones make up the adult skel…
_________ bones of the axial skeleton
_______ bones of the appendicular skel…
Bone, cartilage, dense CT, blood, and nervous
206 bones/ 20% body mass
80
126
Bones include active, living tissue:
Bone, cartilage, dense CT, blood, and nervous
_________ bones make up the adult skel…
206 bones/ 20% body mass
73 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 - Appendicular Skeleton
Clavicle
Scapulae
Acromion Process
Coracoid Process
Clavicle
Scapulae
67 terms
Mader's Understanding Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Muscular system Part A Micro
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
ENDOmysium
-Appearance: ... *cell narrow , ... *tapered, ... -DOES NOT have STR…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
-STRIATED, ... -MULTInucleated cells ... -cylibdrical... -usually atta…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
-Appearance: ... *cell narrow , ... *tapered, ... -DOES NOT have STR…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
62 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7 -terms
skeleton (skeletal system)
axial skeleton
skull
cranium
System of protection and support composed primarily of bone a…
Relating to the head, neck, and trunk
Bony protective encasement of the brain and the organs of hea…
Bony protective encasement of the brain and organs of hearing…
skeleton (skeletal system)
System of protection and support composed primarily of bone a…
axial skeleton
Relating to the head, neck, and trunk
35 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 7 Key Terms
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve
Brain
...
...
...
...
Central Nervous System
...
Peripheral Nervous System
...
98 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
206
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
average number of bones in adult skeleton
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
most abundant cartilage
65 terms
Mader's Understanding Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Muscular system
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.ENDOmys…
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached to skeleton…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
57 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Aqueous and Vitreous Humors
Choroid
Ciliary Body
Ciliary Glands
The watery fluid that fills the anterior and posterior chambe…
The middle layer of the wall of the eye
The structure between the choroid and the iris that anchors t…
Modified sweat glands located between the eyelashes
Aqueous and Vitreous Humors
The watery fluid that fills the anterior and posterior chambe…
Choroid
The middle layer of the wall of the eye
119 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
75 terms
Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology | Chapter 7 - Pictures
Parietal bone
Ethmoid bone
Infraorbital foramen
Nasal bone
Parietal bone
Ethmoid bone
30 terms
Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
long bones
short bones
seasmoid bone or round bone
flat bone
have long longitudinal axes and expanded ends
are cube-like, with roughly equal lengths and widths.
specially type of short bone that is usually small and nodula…
plate-like structures with broad surfaces
long bones
have long longitudinal axes and expanded ends
short bones
are cube-like, with roughly equal lengths and widths.
47 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7 Vocab
nervous system
sensory input
integration
motor output
fast-acting control system that employs nerve impulses to tri…
the information gathered by monitoring changes that occur ins…
to process and interpret sensory input to determine the actio…
a response for the stimuli to activate a specific muscle or g…
nervous system
fast-acting control system that employs nerve impulses to tri…
sensory input
the information gathered by monitoring changes that occur ins…
21 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: Chapter 7, Nervous System Vocabulary
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Nerves throughout body (such as cranial nerves and spinal ner…
Regulates the activity of involuntary actions (such as cardia…
central nervous system (CNS)
made up of the Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscles)
Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7
What are the bone shapes?
Long bones
short bones
flat bones
long, short, flat & irregular
have long longitudinal axes & expanded ends... examples - forear…
cube-like with equal lengths & widths... examples - wrists and a…
plate-like with broad surfaces... examples - ribs, scapula & som…
What are the bone shapes?
long, short, flat & irregular
Long bones
have long longitudinal axes & expanded ends... examples - forear…
142 terms
Chapter 7 Human anatomy,Physiology,and medical terminology
Supine
Prone
Lateral recumbent position
Fowler's position
The patient is lying face up on his back
The patient is lying face down on his stomach
The patient is lying on his left side
The patient is lying on his back with his upper body elevated…
Supine
The patient is lying face up on his back
Prone
The patient is lying face down on his stomach
71 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 7
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE
SEROUS MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
THE SKIN
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM ON A CONNECTIVE TISSUE BASEMENT ME…
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7: The Skeleton
mandible
frontal and parietal
sphenoid
maxillary
forms the chin
connected by the coronal suture
keystone bone of the cranium
keystone bone of the face
mandible
forms the chin
frontal and parietal
connected by the coronal suture
Human Physiology- Chapter 7
Sensory Receptor
Two meanings of receptors
Thermoreceptor
Photoreceptors
-at the end of the peripheral of afferent neurons change this…
1. what sensory receptor just defined... 2. individual protein i…
detect cold and warmth
respond to particular ranges of light wavelengths (light basi…
Sensory Receptor
-at the end of the peripheral of afferent neurons change this…
Two meanings of receptors
1. what sensory receptor just defined... 2. individual protein i…
49 terms
Human Physiology/Anatomy - Chapter 7 (Nervous System) study guide
Functions of the nervous system
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Somatic Nervous System (SNS)
- Monitor body's internal and external environments... - Integra…
- Brain & spinal cord... - Integrates and coordinates processing…
Afferent division - impulses carried to CNS... Efferent division…
Controls skeletal system
Functions of the nervous system
- Monitor body's internal and external environments... - Integra…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
- Brain & spinal cord... - Integrates and coordinates processing…
56 terms
Human anatomy and physiology chapter 7 test
Which of the following is not a functi…
The bones of the wrists and ankles are…
Which of the following is not found in…
The white material that reduces fricti…
To provide nervous communication from bone to muscle.
short bones
osteons
articular cartilage
Which of the following is not a functi…
To provide nervous communication from bone to muscle.
The bones of the wrists and ankles are…
short bones
47 terms
Chapter 7.2 Human Anatomy and Physiology
What are the 4 stages of muscle contra…
Excitation
What are the charges on the inside and…
Excitation (step 1)
Excitation, excitation - contraction coupling, contraction an…
The process of converting and electrical nerve signals to an…
Inside is negative and the outside is positive
A nerve signal arrives at the synapse and stimulates the syna…
What are the 4 stages of muscle contra…
Excitation, excitation - contraction coupling, contraction an…
Excitation
The process of converting and electrical nerve signals to an…
65 terms
Mader's Understanding Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 7 Muscular system
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
connective tissue coverings: 1.ENDOmys…
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
STRIATED, MULTInucleated cells ... -usually attached to skeleton…
-thin layer of Areolar connective tissue that surrounds each…
Smooth Muscle
-Blood Vessels:... involuntary contraction regulates blood flow…
Cardiac Muscle
-Involuntary muscle forms the heart wall.... - does NOT require…
68 terms
Human Physiology: Chapter 7
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent
Parasympathetic
-brain and spinal cord... -receives and processes information fr…
-has neurons that provide communication between CNS and organ…
-transmit sensory and visceral information from organs to CNS…
rest and digest
Central Nervous System (CNS)
-brain and spinal cord... -receives and processes information fr…
Peripheral Nervous System
-has neurons that provide communication between CNS and organ…
17 terms
Chapter 7.3 Human Anatomy and Physiology
Cardiac muscle is limited to what and…
Properties of the cardiac muscle (1)
Properties of the cardiac muscle (2)
Properties of the cardiac muscle (3)
Limited to the heart where the function is to pump blood
It must contract with a regular rhythm
The muscle cells of a given heart chamber can effectively exp…
Each contraction must last long enough to expel blood from th…
Cardiac muscle is limited to what and…
Limited to the heart where the function is to pump blood
Properties of the cardiac muscle (1)
It must contract with a regular rhythm
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