Study sets matching "physiology human anatomy"

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Study sets matching "physiology human anatomy"

182 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
169 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Midterm
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
requirements of organisms:
structure of the body and it's parts (nomenclature)
study of the function (experiments)
maintenance of a stable internal environment - despite fluctu…
H2O(most abundant substance in body), food (provides nutrient…
anatomy
structure of the body and it's parts (nomenclature)
physiology
study of the function (experiments)
90 terms
Chapter 6 Human Anatomy and Physiology
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
22 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Humidity
Mucus
Mucous Membranes
nose, trachea and lungs
water vapor in the air
sticky stuff in your lungs that dust and other bad things sti…
a special kind of tissue that produces mucus
Respiratory System
nose, trachea and lungs
Humidity
water vapor in the air
17 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Circulatory System
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
Arterioles
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
Carry blood to the heart (blue)
Little arteries
Circulatory System
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
21 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Atria
Ventricles
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circuit
Two of the upper cavities of the heart
Two of the lower cavities of the heart
Capillaries converge into venules, which in turn converge int…
Sends oxygen-poor blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen and un…
Atria
Two of the upper cavities of the heart
Ventricles
Two of the lower cavities of the heart
34 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
epithelial tissue
squamous
cuboidal
columnar
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
epithelium: flat
epithelium: cube-shaped
epithelium: greater in height than width
epithelial tissue
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
squamous
epithelium: flat
39 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
skeletal system
arm and shoulder bones
hand bones
rib cage (ribs and sternum)
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
scapula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna.
carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
The bony frame formed by the ribs around the chest. It protec…
skeletal system
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
arm and shoulder bones
scapula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna.
Human Anatomy & Physiology
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system
Anatomy containing the parts of the brain and spinal cord. CN…
All anatomy outside the brain and spinal cord. Serves as comm…
Part of the autonomic nervous system, operates the "flight or…
Part of the autonomic nervous system, tends to relax body sys…
central nervous system
Anatomy containing the parts of the brain and spinal cord. CN…
peripheral nervous system
All anatomy outside the brain and spinal cord. Serves as comm…
32 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
58 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
42 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Tissues of the Human Body
Tissues
Histology
Epithelial Tissue / Epithelium
Role of epithelium
A group of similar, specialized cells that work together to p…
the study of tissues... Also known as microscopic anatomy, is th…
1. A layer of tightly packed cells. Simple (1 layer) or Strat…
1. Protectin... 2. Absorption ... 3. Filtration... 4. Excretion... 5. Sec…
Tissues
A group of similar, specialized cells that work together to p…
Histology
the study of tissues... Also known as microscopic anatomy, is th…
64 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Levels of structural Organization
Integumentary system (Skin)
the study of the structure and the shape of the body parts an…
the study of how the body parts work or function
atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organ, organ system, organism
covers and waterproofs the body, cushions and protects the de…
Anatomy
the study of the structure and the shape of the body parts an…
Physiology
the study of how the body parts work or function
50 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
antecubital
the region between the thorax and pelvis
the point of the shoulder (where the clavicle ends laterally)
the forearm (anterior)
the space in front of the elbow
abdominal
the region between the thorax and pelvis
acromial
the point of the shoulder (where the clavicle ends laterally)
226 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
174 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Exam 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Levels of Organization
Subatomic particles
The study of the structure of the human body
The study of the function of the human body
1) subatomic particles 6) Cell... 2) Atom 7) Tissue... 3) Molecule…
electrons, protons, and neutrons are examples of ____
Anatomy
The study of the structure of the human body
Physiology
The study of the function of the human body
60 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Physiology
Anatomy
Homeostasis
Metabolism
the branch of biological science that studies and describes h…
the study of the shape and structure of body parts
the tendency of the body's system to maintain a relatively co…
the term that indicates all chemical reactions occurring in t…
Physiology
the branch of biological science that studies and describes h…
Anatomy
the study of the shape and structure of body parts
283 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Exam 2
Summarize the six major functions of b…
Describe the functional anatomy of dia…
Describe the functional anatomy of epi…
Describe the functional anatomy of met…
1.) Support... 2.) Protection... 3.) Assistance in Movement... 4.) Min…
shaft
each end of a long... bone
growth plate region
Summarize the six major functions of b…
1.) Support... 2.) Protection... 3.) Assistance in Movement... 4.) Min…
Describe the functional anatomy of dia…
shaft
108 terms
Brain - Human Anatomy & Physiology
Brain
Brain - what is its protection
Cranium
Meninges(sing. meninx)
we are born with a hundred billion neurons, innumerable synap…
Cranium curvature
bony case that houses the brain. No epidural space found in…
covers the brain, but NOT brain tissue. Just protective layers
Brain
we are born with a hundred billion neurons, innumerable synap…
Brain - what is its protection
Cranium curvature
HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
anatomy
Physiology
sagittal plane
Frontal planes
Anatomy: the study of body structures and the relation of one…
Physiology: the study of how the body works and how the vario…
sagittal plane divides the body into right and left halves on…
Frontal planes are drawn perpendicular to the sagittal lines…
anatomy
Anatomy: the study of body structures and the relation of one…
Physiology
Physiology: the study of how the body works and how the vario…
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Epithelial tissue
simple vs. stratified
the 3 shapes
basement membrane
found all over the body; lines cavities and covers organs
simple has one layer and stratified has more than one layer
squamous (flat tiles), cuboidal (cubes), or columnar (column…
attaches epithelial cells to the stuff underneath (anchor on…
Epithelial tissue
found all over the body; lines cavities and covers organs
simple vs. stratified
simple has one layer and stratified has more than one layer
14 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology (eye)
Cornea
Sclera
Optic nerve
Iris
Transparent; helps to focus light rays
Protection & muscle attachment
Neurons leading from eye to brain
Adjusts light intensity by constricting or dilating
Cornea
Transparent; helps to focus light rays
Sclera
Protection & muscle attachment
273 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cytology
Histology
Study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
How the body parts work and carry out their activities
Cellular anatomy
Study of tissues
Anatomy
Study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
Physiology
How the body parts work and carry out their activities
49 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
epithelial tissue
squamous
cuboidal
columnar
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
epithelium: flat
epithelium: cube-shaped
epithelium: greater in height than width
epithelial tissue
tissue: cells are avascular (closely packed together, little…
squamous
epithelium: flat
Human Anatomy & Physiology - muscle anatomy
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
platysma
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
58 terms
Human Anatomy: Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Body structures are organized into lev…
Cells
The study of an organism's body structure and location
The study of the function of each body part
Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems
the smallest structural units of living things
Anatomy
The study of an organism's body structure and location
Physiology
The study of the function of each body part
Human Anatomy: Bone Physiology
Support
Protection
Movement
Mineral Homeostasis
Legs and Pelvis Support the weight of the body... Atlas(C1) supp…
Skull protects brain... Ribs, and shoulder girdle protect Heart…
Skeletal muscles attach to bones with tendons... MUslces use bon…
Calcium Salts and Calcium Phosphate... Magnesium, sodium, potass…
Support
Legs and Pelvis Support the weight of the body... Atlas(C1) supp…
Protection
Skull protects brain... Ribs, and shoulder girdle protect Heart…
41 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Active transport
Anatomy
Atomic number
Atomic theory
The movement of substance across cell membranes against conce…
The structure or study of structure of the body and the relat…
Number of protons in an atom
All matter is made up of atoms
Active transport
The movement of substance across cell membranes against conce…
Anatomy
The structure or study of structure of the body and the relat…
71 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 1
anatomy
gross anatomy
tomy
ana
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
the study of large, easily observable structures
to cut
apart
anatomy
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
gross anatomy
the study of large, easily observable structures
138 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Ventral
Midsagittal
The study of the structures and organization of the body
The study of the functions of the body parts
The "bellyside" / front size
Plane vertically dividing the body into equal right and left…
Anatomy
The study of the structures and organization of the body
Physiology
The study of the functions of the body parts
212 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Macroscopic (gross) anatomy:
Microscopic anatomy:
Histology: ... Cytology:
SIMPLE TO COMPLEX
examines large, visible structures
examines cells and molecules
1.tissues and their structures... 2.cells and their structures
Atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissues, organs, organ syste…
Macroscopic (gross) anatomy:
examines large, visible structures
Microscopic anatomy:
examines cells and molecules
972 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 123456
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
21 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Test
Simple Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
Simple Columnar
Pseudostratified Columnar
Function: Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtra…
Function: Even secretion and absorption... Location: Kidneys, Du…
Function: Secretion of mucus and other substances and absorpt…
Function: Secretion and propulsion of mucus by ciliary action…
Simple Squamous
Function: Allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtra…
Simple Cuboidal
Function: Even secretion and absorption... Location: Kidneys, Du…
33 terms
Chapter 5- Human Anatomy & Physiology
connective tissue
epithelial tissue
nervous tissue
muscle tissue
represented by blood and lymph; binds structures together and…
functions in the process of absorption, excretion, secretion,…
acts as a channel for the transmission of messages; initiates…
contracts and causes movement; responsible for the movement o…
connective tissue
represented by blood and lymph; binds structures together and…
epithelial tissue
functions in the process of absorption, excretion, secretion,…
449 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab Final
articular cartilage
spongy bone
endosteum
medullary cavity
#1
#2
#11
#3
articular cartilage
#1
spongy bone
#2
64 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Levels of structural Organization
Integumentary system (Skin)
the study of the structure and the shape of the body parts an…
the study of how the body parts work or function
atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organ, organ system, organism
covers and waterproofs the body, cushions and protects the de…
Anatomy
the study of the structure and the shape of the body parts an…
Physiology
the study of how the body parts work or function
159 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab
Anatomical Position, surface anatomy,…
anterior/posterior
medial/lateral
ventral/dorsal
front/back
toward the midline/ away from the midline or medial plane
belly side/ back side
Anatomical Position, surface anatomy,…
anterior/posterior
front/back
37 terms
Apologia Human Anatomy and Physiology-Lesson 1
Anatomy
Cytoplasm
Golgi Bodies
Sanguine
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it's put…
The jelly-like substance inside a cell, in which all the orga…
The organelles that look like stacked pancakes and store prot…
A personality that is excitable and full of energy.
Anatomy
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it's put…
Cytoplasm
The jelly-like substance inside a cell, in which all the orga…
TEAS Human Anatomy and Physiology
All cells contain 3 things. These thre…
The cell is filled with a fluid called?
A membrane is composed of?
Each cell consists of? (3)
DNA, RNA, and synthesize proteins
cytoplasm or cytosol
phospholipids
nucleic acids, cytoplasm, and cell membrane
All cells contain 3 things. These thre…
DNA, RNA, and synthesize proteins
The cell is filled with a fluid called?
cytoplasm or cytosol
43 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Consists of honest located primarily along the midline of the…
Consists of the pectoral girdle, the upper limbs, and the low…
forms the forehead and the roof of the orbits. (eye sockets)
Forms much of the superior part of the braincase.
Axial Skeleton
Consists of honest located primarily along the midline of the…
Appendicular Skeleton
Consists of the pectoral girdle, the upper limbs, and the low…
108 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
atoms
cells
the study of the structure of the body & its relationship to…
the study of how the body & its parts function
building blocks of matter
the smallest units of all living things
anatomy
the study of the structure of the body & its relationship to…
physiology
the study of how the body & its parts function
Human Anatomy and Physiology Atlas
Anatomical Position
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Endocrine System
Anatomical Position
Circulatory System
63 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology 1
abdominopelvic cavity
anabolism
anatomical position
anatomy
division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
assembly of more complex moelcules from simpler molecules
standard reference position used for describing locations and…
science that studies the form and composition of the body's s…
abdominopelvic cavity
division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
anabolism
assembly of more complex moelcules from simpler molecules
90 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Introduction
gross anatomy
anatomical position
axial
appendicular
Body structures visible to the naked eye
body is erect, feet slightly apart, head and toes pointed for…
relating to head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body
relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis
gross anatomy
Body structures visible to the naked eye
anatomical position
body is erect, feet slightly apart, head and toes pointed for…
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Point of shoulder
Forearm
Anterior surface of elbow
Abdominal
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Acromial
Point of shoulder
78 terms
Intro to Human Anatomy & Physiology
abdominal
accromial
anatomy
antebrachial
relating to the abdomen
bony process on the scapula (shoulder blade)
the study of the structure of organisms and their parts
upper limb between elbow and hand
abdominal
relating to the abdomen
accromial
bony process on the scapula (shoulder blade)
34 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
receptor/sensor
study of body part structure
study of body part function
maintenance of a stable internal environment
monitors magnitude of a variable
anatomy
study of body part structure
physiology
study of body part function
63 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
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