Study sets matching "physiology human biology 207"

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Study sets matching "physiology human biology 207"

Biology HL: Human Physiology
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
6.1.3 State the source, substrate, pro…
6.1.4 Draw and label a diagram of the…
-Breaks down polymers to monomers... -Provides cells with nutrie…
-Large food molecules need to be digested before the nutrient…
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
-Breaks down polymers to monomers... -Provides cells with nutrie…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
-Large food molecules need to be digested before the nutrient…
180 terms
Human Physiology Biology 2420
What happens at 6:00AM
What happens at 7:00AM
What happens at 7:30AM
What happens at 8:30AM
wake up
big up in blood pressure and body temperature
melatonin secretion stops here.
bowel movement
What happens at 6:00AM
wake up
What happens at 7:00AM
big up in blood pressure and body temperature
208 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
What is the function of the human dige…
What kind of muscle is the digestive t…
How does the digestive tract push the…
What controls the muscles of the diges…
1. breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable mo…
smooth (involuntary) muscle
peristalsis
autonomic nervous system
What is the function of the human dige…
1. breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable mo…
What kind of muscle is the digestive t…
smooth (involuntary) muscle
16 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy/Physiology
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
Describe the path and the changes that…
What is the function of the placenta?
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
epididymis
the zygote divides, as it moves along the oviduct also known…
provides nutrients and oxygen to the embryo and gets rid of m…
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
epididymis
124 terms
IB Biology Human Physiology
ingestion
digestion
absorption
transport
consuming food
food is broken down into small molecules
molecules are absorbed by blood cells in the digestive system
circulatory system delivers nutrients
ingestion
consuming food
digestion
food is broken down into small molecules
109 terms
Biology - Human Physiology
Digestive system
Main stages of food processing
Mouth
Esophagus
Role: Breakdown of organic molecules into smaller components…
Ingestion: taking in of nutrients... Digestion: breakdown of org…
Function:... - Analysis of material before swallowing... - Mechanic…
Function:... - secrete mucous called mucin (which acts as a lubr…
Digestive system
Role: Breakdown of organic molecules into smaller components…
Main stages of food processing
Ingestion: taking in of nutrients... Digestion: breakdown of org…
88 terms
IB Biology: Human Physiology
1. Celiac disease causes the destructi…
2. Is the blood in the aorta, left ven…
3. Which of the following statements a…
4. What normally prevents the membrane…
B. Poor absorption of calcium
C.... oxygenated... oxygenated... deoxygenated
A. Antibodies are polypeptides.
B. The secretion of fluids in the inner surface of the alveoli
1. Celiac disease causes the destructi…
B. Poor absorption of calcium
2. Is the blood in the aorta, left ven…
C.... oxygenated... oxygenated... deoxygenated
Biology: Human Physiology
Digestive system
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
The system of the body that breaks down the food we eat into…
The structure in the digestive system that functions a volunt…
The structure in the digestive system that moves food by peri…
The structure in the digestive system that churns and mixes t…
Digestive system
The system of the body that breaks down the food we eat into…
Mouth
The structure in the digestive system that functions a volunt…
58 terms
BIOLOGY: 6: Human Physiology
Peristalsis
Amylase
Maltase
Dextrinase
waves of muscle contraction that pass along the intestine
breaks 1,4 bonds in chains of four or more glucose monomers (…
digests maltose into glucose exists in the membranes of the m…
digests dextrins into glucose exists in the membranes of the…
Peristalsis
waves of muscle contraction that pass along the intestine
Amylase
breaks 1,4 bonds in chains of four or more glucose monomers (…
Biology- Human Physiology Vocabulary
ingestion
digestion
absorption
assimilation
food taken into the mouth for processing in the gut
mechanical- by the action of the teeth and the muscular walls…
soluble products of digestion absorbed into the blood circula…
products of digestion absorbed from the blood into body cells…
ingestion
food taken into the mouth for processing in the gut
digestion
mechanical- by the action of the teeth and the muscular walls…
Human Physiology (Organismal Biology)
Digestion two important functions
process in which the digestive system…
starch digestion begins in the
enzyme salivary amylase
breaking down molecules and absorbing the smaller molecules
peristalsis
mouth
begins starch digestion
Digestion two important functions
breaking down molecules and absorbing the smaller molecules
process in which the digestive system…
peristalsis
151 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology
Heart function
path of oxygenated blood
atria
ventricles
circulate blood by rhythmic contractions.
vena cava to right atrium to right ventricle to pulmonary art…
upper compartments of the heart
lower compartments of the heart
Heart function
circulate blood by rhythmic contractions.
path of oxygenated blood
vena cava to right atrium to right ventricle to pulmonary art…
29 terms
Human Physiology Biology SAT
Digestion
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable molec…
Mechanical and chemical digestion begins here; salivary amyla…
no digestion occurs here, transport food from throat to stoma…
Mechanical and chemical digestion occurs here, PROTEIN digest…
Digestion
breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable molec…
Mouth
Mechanical and chemical digestion begins here; salivary amyla…
72 terms
SAT Biology Human Physiology
fats get broken down into...
starch gets broken down into...
nucleic acids get broken down into...
protein gets broken down into...
glycerol and fatty acids
monosaccharides
nucleotides
amino acids
fats get broken down into...
glycerol and fatty acids
starch gets broken down into...
monosaccharides
55 terms
Biology: Human Physiology
Lipase
Amylopectin
Dextrins
Dextrinase
An enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the…
...
What is the name of the short chains of glucose units that re…
...
Lipase
An enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the…
Amylopectin
...
44 terms
biology human physiology #4
Sperm
Spermatogenesis
Spermatozoa
Spermatogonia
a male reproductive cell; one of the minute, usually actively…
the production or development of mature spermatozoa.
the mature motile male sex cell of an animal, by which the ov…
a cell produced at an early stage in the formation of spermat…
Sperm
a male reproductive cell; one of the minute, usually actively…
Spermatogenesis
the production or development of mature spermatozoa.
92 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
the tissue that line the interior and…
connective tussle include fat cells, _…
the brain, ____ , and nerves are made…
voluntary and involuntary movements ar…
epithelial
bone
spinal cord
muscle
the tissue that line the interior and…
epithelial
connective tussle include fat cells, _…
bone
118 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
epithelial
nervous tissue
muscle
connective
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
____ tissue: carries out movement
____ tissue: various function; includes adipose tissue, carti…
epithelial
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
nervous tissue
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
22 terms
Human Biology: Muscle Physiology
motor unit
Neuromuscular Junction
Twitch and 3 Stages
Temporal Summation
single nerve fiber and all the muscle fibers it innervates (c…
terminal end of axon and muscle fiber, 1 NMJ per fiber in the…
a single muscle contraction... 1. Latent Period: small level of…
sum of forces on one fiber over a period of time, additive fo…
motor unit
single nerve fiber and all the muscle fibers it innervates (c…
Neuromuscular Junction
terminal end of axon and muscle fiber, 1 NMJ per fiber in the…
26 terms
Human Physiology (Biology)
Gastric enzyme works the best at a pH of
Where does digestion occurs?
Where does reabsorption of water used…
In which structure there is no digesti…
2
Small intestine
Large intestine/ site of egestion of undigested wastes, vitam…
esophagus
Gastric enzyme works the best at a pH of
2
Where does digestion occurs?
Small intestine
102 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anterior (ventral)
Posterior (dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
toward the front
toward the back
upward toward the head
downward toward the feet
Anterior (ventral)
toward the front
Posterior (dorsal)
toward the back
31 terms
SAT Biology: Human Physiology
the enzyme _ in saliva begins _ digest…
no digestion occurs in
protein digestion begins in
stomach has
salivary amylase, starch
esophagus
stomach
gastric juice, HCl, and enzymes that digest proteins
the enzyme _ in saliva begins _ digest…
salivary amylase, starch
no digestion occurs in
esophagus
IB Biology: Human Physiology
Alimentary canal
Smooth Muscles
Autonomic nervous sytem
Peristalsis
is a muscluar tube, which begins with the mouth and ends with…
keeps food moving and moving in one direction
contracts muscles e.g. smooth muscles
used in the stomach to mix food with digestive secretions
Alimentary canal
is a muscluar tube, which begins with the mouth and ends with…
Smooth Muscles
keeps food moving and moving in one direction
68 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology
left, aorta
right, vena cavae
pulmonary, lungs
pulmonary veins
In the circulatory system, oxygenated blood from the ____ ven…
Deoxygenated blood flows into the _____ atrium via the ____ _…
Deoxygenated blood flows from the right ventricle, through th…
The ___________ _____ carry oxygenated blood from the lungs i…
left, aorta
In the circulatory system, oxygenated blood from the ____ ven…
right, vena cavae
Deoxygenated blood flows into the _____ atrium via the ____ _…
Biology 6 - Human Physiology
What is peristalsis?
What does the pancreas do?
What does peristalsis do in the gut?
What do enzymes do in the small intest…
The contraction of circular and longitudinal muscles
Secretes enzymes into the lumen of the small intestine
Mixes food with enzymes... Moves it along the gut
Digest most macromolecules in food into monomers
What is peristalsis?
The contraction of circular and longitudinal muscles
What does the pancreas do?
Secretes enzymes into the lumen of the small intestine
SAT Biology- Human physiology
function of digestive system
glycerol and fatty acids
monosaccharides
nucleotides
breakdown large food molecules into smaller ones
fats broken down...
fat broken into...
nucleic acids broken into...
function of digestive system
breakdown large food molecules into smaller ones
glycerol and fatty acids
fats broken down...
Biology Human Anatomy and Physiology
Mouth
Small intestine
Liver
Alveoli
where digestion begins
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
organ that makes bile to break down fats; also filters poison…
Tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gase…
Mouth
where digestion begins
Small intestine
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
389 terms
Bio 207 Human Physiology Bednarski EXAM 3 Oakland University
________ __________ protect against di…
The 2 types of immune systems are...
Which immune system is known as "nonsp…
Which immune system is known as "speci…
Defense mechanisms
1.) Innate immunity... 2.) Adaptive immunity
Innate immunity
Adaptive immunity
________ __________ protect against di…
Defense mechanisms
The 2 types of immune systems are...
1.) Innate immunity... 2.) Adaptive immunity
206 terms
BIO 207 Human Physiology Oakland University Bednarski EXAM 2
The functional unit of contraction in…
Contractile proteins of skeletal muscl…
Skeletal muscles are attached to bones…
Tendons are formed from...
Motor Neuron
Myofibrils
Tendons
Dense regular connective tissue
The functional unit of contraction in…
Motor Neuron
Contractile proteins of skeletal muscl…
Myofibrils
51 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology Review
Gastric enzyme works best at a pH of... -…
Where does the digestion of fats occur…
Where does the reabsorption of water u…
In which structure is there no digesti…
2
small intestine
large intestine
esophagus
Gastric enzyme works best at a pH of... -…
2
Where does the digestion of fats occur…
small intestine
9 terms
BIOLOGY SL- HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
HOW IS FOOD TAKEN IN AND DIGESTED
WHAT HAPPENS DURING ABSORPTION IN THE…
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRUCTURE OF VILL…
WHY DO WE NEED TO DIGEST FOOD
MOUTH -->OESOPHAGUS MUST PASS THROUGH A LAYER OF CELLS INTO T…
VILLI ARE SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO ABSORB FOOD MOLECULES. AFTER F…
*INCREASE SURFACE AREA OF FOOD ABSORBED... *AN EPITHELIUM CONTAI…
MANY OF MOLECULES IN FOODS ARE TOO LARGE TO BE ABSORBED BY TH…
HOW IS FOOD TAKEN IN AND DIGESTED
MOUTH -->OESOPHAGUS MUST PASS THROUGH A LAYER OF CELLS INTO T…
WHAT HAPPENS DURING ABSORPTION IN THE…
VILLI ARE SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO ABSORB FOOD MOLECULES. AFTER F…
Biology - Human Physiology
How do enzymes digest starches into mo…
How do enzymes digest glycogens into m…
How do enzymes digest lipids into mono…
How do enzymes digest nucleic acids in…
Salivary enzyme
Glycogen phosphorylase
Lipases
Pancreatic nuclease enzymes
How do enzymes digest starches into mo…
Salivary enzyme
How do enzymes digest glycogens into m…
Glycogen phosphorylase
18 terms
Organismal Biology- Human Physiology
What are the two main functions of the…
How is the digestive system controlled…
How does the mouth contribute to diges…
How does the stomach perform both chem…
-Breaking down large molecules into smaller ones... -Absorption
The automatic nervous system, smooth muscles
The mouth contributes to mechanical and chemical digestion (C…
Muscular walls will churn food, hydochloric acid then breaks…
What are the two main functions of the…
-Breaking down large molecules into smaller ones... -Absorption
How is the digestive system controlled…
The automatic nervous system, smooth muscles
Biology-human physiology
what are the steps involved in holozoi…
examples of digestive enzymes
digestion in the stomach
the role of the small intestine
-ingestion: food is taken into the mouth for process.... -digest…
-amylase: its found in the salivary glands and breaks down st…
the stomach wall contains glands that secrete hydrochloric ac…
-the structure enables movement, digestion and absorption.... -i…
what are the steps involved in holozoi…
-ingestion: food is taken into the mouth for process.... -digest…
examples of digestive enzymes
-amylase: its found in the salivary glands and breaks down st…
AP Biology Human Physiology
What is the purpose of the Large Intes…
What is the purpose of the Small Intes…
What do high levels of CO2 do to blood…
WHat does a drop in pH do to hemoglobin?
1. Egestion... 2. Vitamin Production... 3. Removal of Waste
Along with the colon it reabsorbs 90 percent of the water.
It lowers the pH.
It lowers it affinty to Oxygen.
What is the purpose of the Large Intes…
1. Egestion... 2. Vitamin Production... 3. Removal of Waste
What is the purpose of the Small Intes…
Along with the colon it reabsorbs 90 percent of the water.
48 terms
IB Biology Human Physiology
acrosome
actin
action potential
active immunity
vesicle at tip of sperm; contains enzymes that allow sperm to…
globular protein that forms microfilaments in muscle fibers a…
rapid change (depolarization) in membrane potential of a nerv…
long-lasting immunity due to exposure to antigen
acrosome
vesicle at tip of sperm; contains enzymes that allow sperm to…
actin
globular protein that forms microfilaments in muscle fibers a…
26 terms
Biology: Human Physiology
Structural in Homeostasis
Functional in Homeostatis
Behavioral in Homeostasis
Body receptors
the animal or plant has particular physical features which he…
The metabolism of the animal is able to adjust to changes in…
The actions and interactions of the individual either alone o…
The eye, skin (touch pain, hot, cold, pressure) ears and etc.
Structural in Homeostasis
the animal or plant has particular physical features which he…
Functional in Homeostatis
The metabolism of the animal is able to adjust to changes in…
13 terms
Human Biology- Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cells
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
tiny building blocks of matter which combine to form molecule…
the smallest units of all living things
Anatomy
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
13 terms
Organismal biology Human physiology
Lacteal
Vitamins and minerals
Peristalsis
Pyloric sphincter
Tube in s intestine
Not digested but absorbed
Pushing stuff through a tube
Stomach
Lacteal
Tube in s intestine
Vitamins and minerals
Not digested but absorbed
6 terms
SL Biology - Human Physiology
Pathogen
Exretion
Absorption
Assimilation
An organism or virus that causes a disease.
General term for the discharge of substances from the body.
Movement of fluid/dissolved substances across a membrane.
Conversion of absorption nutrients into parts of an organism.
Pathogen
An organism or virus that causes a disease.
Exretion
General term for the discharge of substances from the body.
83 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
pH of human blood
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
7.4
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
pH of human blood
7.4
erythrocytes
red blood cells
53 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology
arteries
veins
when is blood most oxygenated?
red blood cells
blood through them to feed the organs, muscles, etc.
carries blood back to heart
right after it leaves lungs and enters the left side of the h…
carry oxygen thanks to hemoglobin
arteries
blood through them to feed the organs, muscles, etc.
veins
carries blood back to heart
46 terms
Biology human physiology
Homeostasis
Reflex arc
Cell body
Dendrites
Maintenance of a constant internal environment, mediated by f…
The nervous pathway along which impulses pass from sensory to…
The mass of cytoplasm with contained nucleus, from which aris…
Branching cytoplasmic projections of a nerve cell which recei…
Homeostasis
Maintenance of a constant internal environment, mediated by f…
Reflex arc
The nervous pathway along which impulses pass from sensory to…
151 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology
Heart function
path of oxygenated blood
atria
ventricles
circulate blood by rhythmic contractions.
vena cava to right atrium to right ventricle to pulmonary art…
upper compartments of the heart
lower compartments of the heart
Heart function
circulate blood by rhythmic contractions.
path of oxygenated blood
vena cava to right atrium to right ventricle to pulmonary art…
53 terms
SAT biology human physiology
pharynx
Pepsinogen
pH of stomach
h. pylori
throat
unactivated form of pepsin, activated by hydrochloric acid
2
bacterial cause of ulcers
pharynx
throat
Pepsinogen
unactivated form of pepsin, activated by hydrochloric acid
87 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
pH of human blood
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
7.4
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
pH of human blood
7.4
erythrocytes
red blood cells
87 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
pH of human blood
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
7.4
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
pH of human blood
7.4
erythrocytes
red blood cells
Human Biology (Physiology)
Anabolism
Binary Fission
Biofilm
Catabolism
The process where larger molecules (which are inside cells) b…
When a cell, like bacteria, divides into 2 new cells
Microorganisms that group together, attach to surfaces and cr…
The metabolic phase in which complex molecules like starches,…
Anabolism
The process where larger molecules (which are inside cells) b…
Binary Fission
When a cell, like bacteria, divides into 2 new cells
151 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology
Heart function
path of oxygenated blood
atria
ventricles
circulate blood by rhythmic contractions.
vena cava to right atrium to right ventricle to pulmonary art…
upper compartments of the heart
lower compartments of the heart
Heart function
circulate blood by rhythmic contractions.
path of oxygenated blood
vena cava to right atrium to right ventricle to pulmonary art…
15 terms
Human Physiology (Biology)
Nervous system helps with...
Nervous system structures
Stimulus
Impulse
Maintaining homeostasis by reacting to internal and external…
Brain, spinal cord and nerves
Change in environment
Message sent by neurons
Nervous system helps with...
Maintaining homeostasis by reacting to internal and external…
Nervous system structures
Brain, spinal cord and nerves
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