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Study sets matching "physiology human biology"

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Study sets matching "physiology human biology"

208 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
What is the function of the human dige…
What kind of muscle is the digestive t…
How does the digestive tract push the…
What controls the muscles of the diges…
1. breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable mo…
smooth (involuntary) muscle
peristalsis
autonomic nervous system
What is the function of the human dige…
1. breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable mo…
What kind of muscle is the digestive t…
smooth (involuntary) muscle
135 terms
Biology: Human Physiology
Digestive system
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
The system of the body that breaks down the food we eat into…
The structure in the digestive system that functions a volunt…
The structure in the digestive system that moves food by peri…
The structure in the digestive system that churns and mixes t…
Digestive system
The system of the body that breaks down the food we eat into…
Mouth
The structure in the digestive system that functions a volunt…
66 terms
Biology - Human Physiology
Digestive system
Main stages of food processing
Mouth
Esophagus
Role: Breakdown of organic molecules into smaller components…
Ingestion: taking in of nutrients... Digestion: breakdown of org…
Function:... - Analysis of material before swallowing... - Mechanic…
Function:... - secrete mucous called mucin (which acts as a lubr…
Digestive system
Role: Breakdown of organic molecules into smaller components…
Main stages of food processing
Ingestion: taking in of nutrients... Digestion: breakdown of org…
19 terms
Biology HL: Human Physiology
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
6.1.3 State the source, substrate, pro…
6.1.4 Draw and label a diagram of the…
-Breaks down polymers to monomers... -Provides cells with nutrie…
-Large food molecules need to be digested before the nutrient…
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
-Breaks down polymers to monomers... -Provides cells with nutrie…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
-Large food molecules need to be digested before the nutrient…
180 terms
Human Physiology Biology 2420
What happens at 6:00AM
What happens at 7:00AM
What happens at 7:30AM
What happens at 8:30AM
wake up
big up in blood pressure and body temperature
melatonin secretion stops here.
bowel movement
What happens at 6:00AM
wake up
What happens at 7:00AM
big up in blood pressure and body temperature
99 terms
Biology 6 - Human Physiology
What is peristalsis?
What does the pancreas do?
What does peristalsis do in the gut?
What do enzymes do in the small intest…
The contraction of circular and longitudinal muscles
Secretes enzymes into the lumen of the small intestine
Mixes food with enzymes... Moves it along the gut
Digest most macromolecules in food into monomers
What is peristalsis?
The contraction of circular and longitudinal muscles
What does the pancreas do?
Secretes enzymes into the lumen of the small intestine
16 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy/Physiology
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
Describe the path and the changes that…
What is the function of the placenta?
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
epididymis
the zygote divides, as it moves along the oviduct also known…
provides nutrients and oxygen to the embryo and gets rid of m…
Starting from body cells, trace the fl…
1. body cells... 2. vena cava... 3. right atrium... 4. right ventricle…
Which structure is a maturation and st…
epididymis
46 terms
BISV - IB Biology - Topic 6 Human Physiology
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
6.1.3 State the source, substrate, pro…
6.1.4 Draw and label a diagram of the…
◾Most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble ... ◾They…
◾Enzymes are biological catalysts that increase the rate of r…
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
◾Most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble ... ◾They…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
◾Enzymes are biological catalysts that increase the rate of r…
88 terms
IB Biology: Human Physiology
1. Celiac disease causes the destructi…
2. Is the blood in the aorta, left ven…
3. Which of the following statements a…
4. What normally prevents the membrane…
B. Poor absorption of calcium
C.... oxygenated... oxygenated... deoxygenated
A. Antibodies are polypeptides.
B. The secretion of fluids in the inner surface of the alveoli
1. Celiac disease causes the destructi…
B. Poor absorption of calcium
2. Is the blood in the aorta, left ven…
C.... oxygenated... oxygenated... deoxygenated
56 terms
Biology-human physiology
what are the steps involved in holozoi…
examples of digestive enzymes
digestion in the stomach
the role of the small intestine
-ingestion: food is taken into the mouth for process.... -digest…
-amylase: its found in the salivary glands and breaks down st…
the stomach wall contains glands that secrete hydrochloric ac…
-the structure enables movement, digestion and absorption.... -i…
what are the steps involved in holozoi…
-ingestion: food is taken into the mouth for process.... -digest…
examples of digestive enzymes
-amylase: its found in the salivary glands and breaks down st…
17 terms
Biology Vocabulary Human Physiology
Nutrients
Inorganic
Organic
Defiency
Chemical substances found and used in the human body.
Compounds that are not organic; they do not contain carbon an…
Carbon compounds derived from living organisms.
Lack of an essential nutrient: may lead to physiological comp…
Nutrients
Chemical substances found and used in the human body.
Inorganic
Compounds that are not organic; they do not contain carbon an…
51 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology Review
Gastric enzyme works best at a pH of... -…
Where does the digestion of fats occur…
Where does the reabsorption of water u…
In which structure is there no digesti…
2
small intestine
large intestine
esophagus
Gastric enzyme works best at a pH of... -…
2
Where does the digestion of fats occur…
small intestine
124 terms
IB Biology Human Physiology
ingestion
digestion
absorption
transport
consuming food
food is broken down into small molecules
molecules are absorbed by blood cells in the digestive system
circulatory system delivers nutrients
ingestion
consuming food
digestion
food is broken down into small molecules
223 terms
Human Physiology (Organismal Biology)
Digestion two important functions
process in which the digestive system…
starch digestion begins in the
enzyme salivary amylase
breaking down molecules and absorbing the smaller molecules
peristalsis
mouth
begins starch digestion
Digestion two important functions
breaking down molecules and absorbing the smaller molecules
process in which the digestive system…
peristalsis
97 terms
Biology- Human Physiology
Peristalsis
lipase
endopeptidase
amylase
alternate contraction of longitudinal and circular muscles of…
breaks down lipids into fatty acids and glycerol
breaks down polypeptides into peptides
breaks down starch into maltose
Peristalsis
alternate contraction of longitudinal and circular muscles of…
lipase
breaks down lipids into fatty acids and glycerol
29 terms
Human Physiology Biology SAT
Digestion
Mouth
Esophagus
Stomach
breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable molec…
Mechanical and chemical digestion begins here; salivary amyla…
no digestion occurs here, transport food from throat to stoma…
Mechanical and chemical digestion occurs here, PROTEIN digest…
Digestion
breaking down large food molecules into smaller, usable molec…
Mouth
Mechanical and chemical digestion begins here; salivary amyla…
26 terms
Human Physiology (Biology)
Gastric enzyme works the best at a pH of
Where does digestion occurs?
Where does reabsorption of water used…
In which structure there is no digesti…
2
Small intestine
Large intestine/ site of egestion of undigested wastes, vitam…
esophagus
Gastric enzyme works the best at a pH of
2
Where does digestion occurs?
Small intestine
72 terms
SAT Biology Human Physiology
fats get broken down into...
starch gets broken down into...
nucleic acids get broken down into...
protein gets broken down into...
glycerol and fatty acids
monosaccharides
nucleotides
amino acids
fats get broken down into...
glycerol and fatty acids
starch gets broken down into...
monosaccharides
147 terms
MTEL biology human physiology
levels of organization of multicellula…
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
nervous tissue
Atom; Molecule; Organelle; Cell; Tissue; Organ; Organ System;…
A sheet of closely adhering cells. Covers the body surface, l…
Form the supporting structure of the body, connecting other t…
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth…
levels of organization of multicellula…
Atom; Molecule; Organelle; Cell; Tissue; Organ; Organ System;…
epithelial tissue
A sheet of closely adhering cells. Covers the body surface, l…
87 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
pH of human blood
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
7.4
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
pH of human blood
7.4
erythrocytes
red blood cells
18 terms
Organismal Biology- Human Physiology
What are the two main functions of the…
How is the digestive system controlled…
How does the mouth contribute to diges…
How does the stomach perform both chem…
-Breaking down large molecules into smaller ones... -Absorption
The automatic nervous system, smooth muscles
The mouth contributes to mechanical and chemical digestion (C…
Muscular walls will churn food, hydochloric acid then breaks…
What are the two main functions of the…
-Breaking down large molecules into smaller ones... -Absorption
How is the digestive system controlled…
The automatic nervous system, smooth muscles
28 terms
Biology - Human Physiology
How do enzymes digest starches into mo…
How do enzymes digest glycogens into m…
How do enzymes digest lipids into mono…
How do enzymes digest nucleic acids in…
Salivary enzyme
Glycogen phosphorylase
Lipases
Pancreatic nuclease enzymes
How do enzymes digest starches into mo…
Salivary enzyme
How do enzymes digest glycogens into m…
Glycogen phosphorylase
55 terms
Biology: Human Physiology
Lipase
Amylopectin
Dextrins
Dextrinase
An enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the…
...
What is the name of the short chains of glucose units that re…
...
Lipase
An enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the…
Amylopectin
...
17 terms
IB Biology: Human Physiology
Alimentary canal
Smooth Muscles
Autonomic nervous sytem
Peristalsis
is a muscluar tube, which begins with the mouth and ends with…
keeps food moving and moving in one direction
contracts muscles e.g. smooth muscles
used in the stomach to mix food with digestive secretions
Alimentary canal
is a muscluar tube, which begins with the mouth and ends with…
Smooth Muscles
keeps food moving and moving in one direction
44 terms
biology human physiology #4
Sperm
Spermatogenesis
Spermatozoa
Spermatogonia
a male reproductive cell; one of the minute, usually actively…
the production or development of mature spermatozoa.
the mature motile male sex cell of an animal, by which the ov…
a cell produced at an early stage in the formation of spermat…
Sperm
a male reproductive cell; one of the minute, usually actively…
Spermatogenesis
the production or development of mature spermatozoa.
22 terms
Human Biology: Muscle Physiology
motor unit
Neuromuscular Junction
Twitch and 3 Stages
Temporal Summation
single nerve fiber and all the muscle fibers it innervates (c…
terminal end of axon and muscle fiber, 1 NMJ per fiber in the…
a single muscle contraction... 1. Latent Period: small level of…
sum of forces on one fiber over a period of time, additive fo…
motor unit
single nerve fiber and all the muscle fibers it innervates (c…
Neuromuscular Junction
terminal end of axon and muscle fiber, 1 NMJ per fiber in the…
31 terms
SAT Biology: Human Physiology
the enzyme _ in saliva begins _ digest…
no digestion occurs in
protein digestion begins in
stomach has
salivary amylase, starch
esophagus
stomach
gastric juice, HCl, and enzymes that digest proteins
the enzyme _ in saliva begins _ digest…
salivary amylase, starch
no digestion occurs in
esophagus
68 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology
left, aorta
right, vena cavae
pulmonary, lungs
pulmonary veins
In the circulatory system, oxygenated blood from the ____ ven…
Deoxygenated blood flows into the _____ atrium via the ____ _…
Deoxygenated blood flows from the right ventricle, through th…
The ___________ _____ carry oxygenated blood from the lungs i…
left, aorta
In the circulatory system, oxygenated blood from the ____ ven…
right, vena cavae
Deoxygenated blood flows into the _____ atrium via the ____ _…
145 terms
SAT Biology- Human physiology
function of digestive system
glycerol and fatty acids
monosaccharides
nucleotides
breakdown large food molecules into smaller ones
fats broken down...
fat broken into...
nucleic acids broken into...
function of digestive system
breakdown large food molecules into smaller ones
glycerol and fatty acids
fats broken down...
118 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
epithelial
nervous tissue
muscle
connective
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
____ tissue: carries out movement
____ tissue: various function; includes adipose tissue, carti…
epithelial
____ tissue: covering of either inside or outside body; strat…
nervous tissue
type of tissue that carries out signal transmission
102 terms
Biology: Human Anatomy and Physiology
Anterior (ventral)
Posterior (dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
toward the front
toward the back
upward toward the head
downward toward the feet
Anterior (ventral)
toward the front
Posterior (dorsal)
toward the back
9 terms
BIOLOGY SL- HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
HOW IS FOOD TAKEN IN AND DIGESTED
WHAT HAPPENS DURING ABSORPTION IN THE…
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRUCTURE OF VILL…
WHY DO WE NEED TO DIGEST FOOD
MOUTH -->OESOPHAGUS MUST PASS THROUGH A LAYER OF CELLS INTO T…
VILLI ARE SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO ABSORB FOOD MOLECULES. AFTER F…
*INCREASE SURFACE AREA OF FOOD ABSORBED... *AN EPITHELIUM CONTAI…
MANY OF MOLECULES IN FOODS ARE TOO LARGE TO BE ABSORBED BY TH…
HOW IS FOOD TAKEN IN AND DIGESTED
MOUTH -->OESOPHAGUS MUST PASS THROUGH A LAYER OF CELLS INTO T…
WHAT HAPPENS DURING ABSORPTION IN THE…
VILLI ARE SPECIALLY ADAPTED TO ABSORB FOOD MOLECULES. AFTER F…
29 terms
Biology Human Anatomy and Physiology
Mouth
Small intestine
Liver
Alveoli
where digestion begins
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
organ that makes bile to break down fats; also filters poison…
Tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gase…
Mouth
where digestion begins
Small intestine
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
16 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology
What is the purpose of the Large Intes…
What is the purpose of the Small Intes…
What do high levels of CO2 do to blood…
WHat does a drop in pH do to hemoglobin?
1. Egestion... 2. Vitamin Production... 3. Removal of Waste
Along with the colon it reabsorbs 90 percent of the water.
It lowers the pH.
It lowers it affinty to Oxygen.
What is the purpose of the Large Intes…
1. Egestion... 2. Vitamin Production... 3. Removal of Waste
What is the purpose of the Small Intes…
Along with the colon it reabsorbs 90 percent of the water.
26 terms
Biology: Human Physiology
Structural in Homeostasis
Functional in Homeostatis
Behavioral in Homeostasis
Body receptors
the animal or plant has particular physical features which he…
The metabolism of the animal is able to adjust to changes in…
The actions and interactions of the individual either alone o…
The eye, skin (touch pain, hot, cold, pressure) ears and etc.
Structural in Homeostasis
the animal or plant has particular physical features which he…
Functional in Homeostatis
The metabolism of the animal is able to adjust to changes in…
13 terms
Organismal biology Human physiology
Lacteal
Vitamins and minerals
Peristalsis
Pyloric sphincter
Tube in s intestine
Not digested but absorbed
Pushing stuff through a tube
Stomach
Lacteal
Tube in s intestine
Vitamins and minerals
Not digested but absorbed
83 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
pH of human blood
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
7.4
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
pH of human blood
7.4
erythrocytes
red blood cells
46 terms
Biology human physiology
Homeostasis
Reflex arc
Cell body
Dendrites
Maintenance of a constant internal environment, mediated by f…
The nervous pathway along which impulses pass from sensory to…
The mass of cytoplasm with contained nucleus, from which aris…
Branching cytoplasmic projections of a nerve cell which recei…
Homeostasis
Maintenance of a constant internal environment, mediated by f…
Reflex arc
The nervous pathway along which impulses pass from sensory to…
87 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
pH of human blood
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
7.4
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
pH of human blood
7.4
erythrocytes
red blood cells
151 terms
AP Biology Human Physiology
Heart function
path of oxygenated blood
atria
ventricles
circulate blood by rhythmic contractions.
vena cava to right atrium to right ventricle to pulmonary art…
upper compartments of the heart
lower compartments of the heart
Heart function
circulate blood by rhythmic contractions.
path of oxygenated blood
vena cava to right atrium to right ventricle to pulmonary art…
41 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
normal blood pressure
insulin
glucagon
parathormone
120/80 (systolic/diastolic)
decreases blood glucose levels (pancreas)
increases blood glucose levels (pancreas)
raises blood calcium levels (parathyroid)
normal blood pressure
120/80 (systolic/diastolic)
insulin
decreases blood glucose levels (pancreas)
15 terms
Biology: Human Physiology
Oesophagus
Pancreatic Juice: Lipase
Pancreatic Juice: Amylase
Pancreatic juice: Trypsin
Transport tube... Peristalsis=muscular contractions
lipids into glycerol and fatty acids
Starch into disaccharide maltose
Long polypeptides into smaller polypeptides
Oesophagus
Transport tube... Peristalsis=muscular contractions
Pancreatic Juice: Lipase
lipids into glycerol and fatty acids
8 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology - The Eye
cones
cornea
humor
iris
photoreceptors in the retina that distinguish different colors
tough, clear covering that protects the eye and allows light…
fluids that maintain the shape of the eyeball
colored part of the eye that controls how much light enters t…
cones
photoreceptors in the retina that distinguish different colors
cornea
tough, clear covering that protects the eye and allows light…
46 terms
IB Biology DP :Topic 6 Human Physiology
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
6.1.3 State the source, substrate, pro…
6.1.4 Draw and label a diagram of the…
◾Most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble ... ◾They…
◾Enzymes are biological catalysts that increase the rate of r…
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
◾Most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble ... ◾They…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
◾Enzymes are biological catalysts that increase the rate of r…
BIOLOGY HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross or macroscopic anatomy
Regional anatomy
scientific discipline that investigates the body's structures…
scientific investigation of the processes or functions of liv…
structures examined without a microscope
studies all structures in a particular area of the body
Anatomy
scientific discipline that investigates the body's structures…
Physiology
scientific investigation of the processes or functions of liv…
48 terms
Biology Human Physiology
acrosome
actin
action potential
active immunity
vesicle at tip of sperm; contains enzymes that allow sperm to…
globular protein that forms microfilaments in muscle fibers a…
rapid change (depolarization) in membrane potential of a nerv…
long-lasting immunity due to exposure to antigen (disease or…
acrosome
vesicle at tip of sperm; contains enzymes that allow sperm to…
actin
globular protein that forms microfilaments in muscle fibers a…
48 terms
IB Biology Human Physiology
acrosome
actin
action potential
active immunity
vesicle at tip of sperm; contains enzymes that allow sperm to…
globular protein that forms microfilaments in muscle fibers a…
rapid change (depolarization) in membrane potential of a nerv…
long-lasting immunity due to exposure to antigen
acrosome
vesicle at tip of sperm; contains enzymes that allow sperm to…
actin
globular protein that forms microfilaments in muscle fibers a…
90 terms
IB Biology 2016 - Topic 6 - Human Physiology
What is the structure of the digestive…
What is the structure of the wall of t…
What is peristalsis (in digestion)? Ho…
What is pancreatic juice? Where is it…
Ensure that there is t-junction connection with the pancreati…
Made up of serosa - an outer coat;... muscle layers - longitudin…
peristalsis is a wave of contraction in muscles;... which moves…
Pancreatic juice is the secretion released;... by exocrine cells…
What is the structure of the digestive…
Ensure that there is t-junction connection with the pancreati…
What is the structure of the wall of t…
Made up of serosa - an outer coat;... muscle layers - longitudin…
13 terms
Human Biology- Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cells
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
tiny building blocks of matter which combine to form molecule…
the smallest units of all living things
Anatomy
the study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
87 terms
SAT Biology - Human Physiology
pH of human blood
erythrocytes
leukocytes
thrombocytes
7.4
red blood cells
white blood cells
platelets
pH of human blood
7.4
erythrocytes
red blood cells
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