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Study sets matching "physiology human body"

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Study sets matching "physiology human body"

42 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Tissues of the Human Body
Tissues
Histology
Epithelial Tissue / Epithelium
Role of epithelium
A group of similar, specialized cells that work together to p…
the study of tissues... Also known as microscopic anatomy, is th…
1. A layer of tightly packed cells. Simple (1 layer) or Strat…
1. Protectin... 2. Absorption ... 3. Filtration... 4. Excretion... 5. Sec…
Tissues
A group of similar, specialized cells that work together to p…
Histology
the study of tissues... Also known as microscopic anatomy, is th…
142 terms
Human anatomy and physiology: The human body
Ana
cyto
epi
gastro
up,back, or again... "anatomy" (a cutting up)
cell
on or upon
stomach
Ana
up,back, or again... "anatomy" (a cutting up)
cyto
cell
42 terms
Physiology: The Human Body Orientation
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
Integumentary
Term:... How the body functions.
Big structures/easily observable anatomy.
Very small/microscopic anatomy.
External body covering. Protects inner tissues from injury.
Physiology
Term:... How the body functions.
Gross Anatomy
Big structures/easily observable anatomy.
11 terms
Human Physiology (Human Body)
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Covering, protect tissue, skin, receptors, sweat, oil glands
Protects and supports body organs; framework use to cause mov…
Allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facia…
Fast-acting control system of the body; response to internal…
Integumentary System
Covering, protect tissue, skin, receptors, sweat, oil glands
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs; framework use to cause mov…
24 terms
Physiology Human Body
Tissue
Muscle tissue
(1) Skeletal muscle
(2) Smooth muscle
A collection of cells that are similar in structure and that…
Composed of cells that can contract; three types of muscle ti…
Moves the bones in the trunk, limbs, and face; attached to bo…
Handles body functions that you cannot control consciously, s…
Tissue
A collection of cells that are similar in structure and that…
Muscle tissue
Composed of cells that can contract; three types of muscle ti…
59 terms
Anatomy & Physiology : The Human Body
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathology
Organization levels
The Study of The Structure of the Human Body
Study of how the body functions
Study of diseases
Living things are organized from simple to complex levels
Anatomy
The Study of The Structure of the Human Body
Physiology
Study of how the body functions
22 terms
Human Physiology: Chemistry of the Body
Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bonds
Cations
Anions
atoms share electrons and strongest bonds are between two sim…
atoms transfer electrons from one electron to other ... BORROW…
POSITIVELY charged atoms
NEGATIVELY charged atoms
Covalent Bonds
atoms share electrons and strongest bonds are between two sim…
Ionic Bonds
atoms transfer electrons from one electron to other ... BORROW…
62 terms
Human Body Regions Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Auricular
Region inferior to the thorax and superior to the hip bones
Forearm (the portion of the upper limb between elbow and wrist
Region anterior to the elbow; aka the cubital region
Visible surface structure of the ears
Abdominal
Region inferior to the thorax and superior to the hip bones
Antebrachial
Forearm (the portion of the upper limb between elbow and wrist
40 terms
Human Physiology Body Systems
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Point of shoulder
Forearm
Front of elbow
Abdominal
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Acromial
Point of shoulder
36 terms
Anatomy/physiology human body
Head
Forehead
Eye cavity
Cheek
Cephalic
Frontal
Orbital
Buccal
Head
Cephalic
Forehead
Frontal
20 terms
Physiology(Tissues of Human Body)
tissues
Epithelial
Squamous
Cuboidal
groups of cells with a common structure and function.
outside of body and lines organ and cavities; held together b…
flat
cube shaped
tissues
groups of cells with a common structure and function.
Epithelial
outside of body and lines organ and cavities; held together b…
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Human body)
Connecfive tissue
Epithelial tissue
Muscle tissue
Cardiac tissue
Most common tissue in the body. It binds, supports, and prote…
Tightly blood cells that firms an outer covering of all body…
Cell provides movement, They do this by contacting
Powerful muscle cells found only in the heart. They're stripe…
Connecfive tissue
Most common tissue in the body. It binds, supports, and prote…
Epithelial tissue
Tightly blood cells that firms an outer covering of all body…
12 terms
Physiology Human Body Systems
lymphatic
endocrine
nervous
skeletal
defends against infection and disease; returns tissue fluid t…
directs long-term changes in other organs
directs immediate response to stimuli, usually by coordinatin…
provides support; protects tissues; stores minerals; forms bl…
lymphatic
defends against infection and disease; returns tissue fluid t…
endocrine
directs long-term changes in other organs
71 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Human Body
Medical clinical terminology
___ is the most common combining vowel…
won't change
language of science & the medically ed…
uses Greek or Latin (prefix, root words, & suffix)
"o" ... Ex; Cardiopulmonary, craniotomy
dead language
universal language
Medical clinical terminology
uses Greek or Latin (prefix, root words, & suffix)
___ is the most common combining vowel…
"o" ... Ex; Cardiopulmonary, craniotomy
77 terms
Physiology - The Human Body
Anatomy
Physiology
Regional
Systemic
the study of the structure of the body parts and their relati…
the study of the function of the body's structural machinery
all structures in one part of the body
gross anatomy of the body studied by system
Anatomy
the study of the structure of the body parts and their relati…
Physiology
the study of the function of the body's structural machinery
27 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - The Human Body
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Organs in this system: Skin
Organs in this system: Bones
Organs in this system: Muscles
Organs in this system: Brain, nerves, spinal cord
Integumentary System
Organs in this system: Skin
Skeletal System
Organs in this system: Bones
21 terms
Body Regions - Human Physiology
Flank
Lumbar
Occipital
Brachial
Hip area
Lower back
Back of the head
Inner arm above elbow
Flank
Hip area
Lumbar
Lower back
21 terms
The Human Body Physiology
superior
cranial (cephalad)
inferior
caudal
uppermost or above
toward the head
lowermost or below
toward the tail
superior
uppermost or above
cranial (cephalad)
toward the head
105 terms
Human Body Systems (Physiology)
Categories of Animal Tissues... 4 types -…
Integumentary system
Skeletal System function
Muscular System function
Epithelial tissue - skin, lining of stomach... Connective tissue…
Skin
Protection, movement, support, stores calcium
Movement of bones, helping organs function
Categories of Animal Tissues... 4 types -…
Epithelial tissue - skin, lining of stomach... Connective tissue…
Integumentary system
Skin
8 terms
Common ions in the human body (Physiology)
Na⁺
K⁺
Ca²⁺
Mg²⁺
Sodium ion... ∙ Most common extracellular cation... ∙ Participant…
Potassium ion... ∙ Most common intracellular cation... ∙ Function…
Calcium ion... ∙ Makes hardness of bone/teeth... ∙ Muscle contract…
Magnesium ion... ∙ Required for ATP production
Na⁺
Sodium ion... ∙ Most common extracellular cation... ∙ Participant…
K⁺
Potassium ion... ∙ Most common intracellular cation... ∙ Function…
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the human body
Cardiac
Cranial
Cytoplasm
Diaphragm
Heart tissue
Pertaining to the skull
Cellular fluid
Muscle that divides anterior cavity
Cardiac
Heart tissue
Cranial
Pertaining to the skull
11 terms
Human Physiology - Systems of the body
cardiovascular
digestive
endocrine
integumentary
...
...
...
...
cardiovascular
...
digestive
...
41 terms
The Human Body (Anatomy & Physiology)
Anatomical Position
Prone
Supine
Trendelenburg
Standing erect, with face forward, arms at the side and palm…
Patient laying face downward
Patient laying face upward
The head of the bed is lower than the patients feet. Used to…
Anatomical Position
Standing erect, with face forward, arms at the side and palm…
Prone
Patient laying face downward
14 terms
Human Physiology: Chemistry of the Body
Hydrogen Bonds
Carbohydrate Ractions
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
hydrogen atoms that form weak covalent bonds w/ atom of oxyge…
-Dehydration Synthesis ... -Hydrolysis
-One water molecule is released for every two carbohydrate mo…
-One water molecule is added for every two carbohydrate molec…
Hydrogen Bonds
hydrogen atoms that form weak covalent bonds w/ atom of oxyge…
Carbohydrate Ractions
-Dehydration Synthesis ... -Hydrolysis
5 terms
Physiological Needs of the Human Body
Oxygen
Water
Food
Heat
for cellular respiration; release energy from food
important for circulation; maintain homeostasis; most abundan…
Important for growth, energy; create enzymes; provides energy
important for muscular system; regulating chemical reactions
Oxygen
for cellular respiration; release energy from food
Water
important for circulation; maintain homeostasis; most abundan…
21 terms
The Human Body Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Subdivisions of Anatomy
Physiology
Necessary Life Function
The study of structure
Gross or Macroscopic... Microscopic... Developmental
The study of the functions of the body. Mainly focuses on cel…
Maintaining boundaries ... Movement... Responsiveness... Digestion... Met…
Anatomy
The study of structure
Subdivisions of Anatomy
Gross or Macroscopic... Microscopic... Developmental
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Orientation to the Human Body
Posterior
Distal
Superior
Superficial
Toward the back of the body
Farthest from the point of origin
Above
At or near the body's surface
Posterior
Toward the back of the body
Distal
Farthest from the point of origin
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Regions of the Human Body
cephalon (head)
cervics (neck)
thoracis (thorax or chest)
brachium (arm)
cephalic region
cervical region
thoracic region
brachial region
cephalon (head)
cephalic region
cervics (neck)
cervical region
31 terms
Human anatomy and physiology: Body regions
Abdominal
Antebrachial
Axillary
Brachial
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Forearm
Armpits
Arm
Abdominal
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Antebrachial
Forearm
77 terms
Human Physiology: Proteins & the Human Body
Genome
Chromosome
Proteome
Gene
All of the genetic information coded in the DNA of a typical…
A single DNA molecule and its associated packaging proteins (…
The specific proteins produced by a given cell at a given time
A sequence of DNA nucleotides that codes for a single specifi…
Genome
All of the genetic information coded in the DNA of a typical…
Chromosome
A single DNA molecule and its associated packaging proteins (…
33 terms
Physiology Science and the human body
science
scientific law
scientific theory
scientific method
asking and answering questions about the world we live in
describes a process in nature that can be tested by repeated…
an explanation of how a natural process works
method of asking and answering questions
science
asking and answering questions about the world we live in
scientific law
describes a process in nature that can be tested by repeated…
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Human Body
What is Anatomy?
What is Physiology?
What is Homeostasis?
What is the Oldest Medical science?
The Study of Internal and External Body Structures and their…
How living organisms perform their function.
The state of Balance within the body
Anatomy
What is Anatomy?
The Study of Internal and External Body Structures and their…
What is Physiology?
How living organisms perform their function.
73 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Organization of the Human Body
Anatomy
Physiology
Levels of Organization
Integumentary System
Study of the body's structures (bones)
Scientific investigations of the processes or functions of li…
1. Chemical/Molecular Level... 2. Cellular level (cells are the…
Parts: skin (largest organ), hair, nails, sweat, and oil glan…
Anatomy
Study of the body's structures (bones)
Physiology
Scientific investigations of the processes or functions of li…
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology : Human Body terms
Head
Skull
Face
Neck
Cephic
Cranial
Facial
Cervical
Head
Cephic
Skull
Cranial
35 terms
The human Body(anatomy and physiology)
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Microscope anatomy
study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
study of how the body and its parts work or function
Large structures, Easily observed
Very small structures, Can only be viewed with a microscope
Anatomy
study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts
Physiology
study of how the body and its parts work or function
11 terms
Physiological Systems of the Human Body
Muscular
Skeletal
Circulatory
Respiratory
Produces movement and motion
Protects the organs
Transports materials through the body
Controls breathing, voluntary, and autonomic activities
Muscular
Produces movement and motion
Skeletal
Protects the organs
35 terms
Physiology: The Human Body Quiz 1
Ventral/ Anterior
Dorsal/ Posterior
Cervical
Occipital
Towards or at the front
Towards the back
Neck region
Visual processing center
Ventral/ Anterior
Towards or at the front
Dorsal/ Posterior
Towards the back
21 terms
Human Physiology Body Location Terms
Axial
Appendicular
Bipedal
Quadruped
The trunk of the body
Limbs
Walks on two limbs
Walks on all four limbs
Axial
The trunk of the body
Appendicular
Limbs
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Organization of the Human Body
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
the basic unit of all living things
a group of connected cells that work together to carry out th…
a structure made of two or more types of tissues that work to…
a group of organs that work together to carry out a very larg…
cell
the basic unit of all living things
tissue
a group of connected cells that work together to carry out th…
48 terms
human anatomy and physiology body terms
cephalic
frontal
orbital
nasal
head
forehead
bony eye socket (orbit)
nose
cephalic
head
frontal
forehead
56 terms
Physiology 208 Human body systems
Cephalic
Cervical
Trunk
Proximal
head region
neck
abdominal
near to the origin of structure
Cephalic
head region
Cervical
neck
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lecture- human body
anatomy
subdivisions of anatomy (3)
gross/ macroscopic anatomy and categor…
microscopic anatomy and categories (2)
the study of structure... -how different structures are related
1. gross/macroscopic ... 2. microscopic... 3. developmental
visible to the naked eye... 1. regional- structures in particula…
1. cytology- study of internal structure and function of cell…
anatomy
the study of structure... -how different structures are related
subdivisions of anatomy (3)
1. gross/macroscopic ... 2. microscopic... 3. developmental
69 terms
Physiology Human Body Intro - 1
4 Types of tissue
3 types of Muscle
Connective Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Connective... Muscle... Epithelial... Nervous
Cardiac... Skeletal... Smooth
Blood... Bone... Cartilage... Connective Tissue Proper
Squamous... Cuboidal... Columnar... Pseudostratified... Transitional
4 Types of tissue
Connective... Muscle... Epithelial... Nervous
3 types of Muscle
Cardiac... Skeletal... Smooth
76 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Body Parts
Definition of Anatomy
Example of anatomy
Definition of Physiology
Example of Physiology
The study of structure and shape of the body and body parts a…
Heart, muscles, bones,
The study of how the body and its parts work or function
Nervous system, respiratory system,
Definition of Anatomy
The study of structure and shape of the body and body parts a…
Example of anatomy
Heart, muscles, bones,
25 terms
Human anatomy and physiology ( body regions )
frontal
orbital
nasal
oral
forehead
eye
nose
mouth
frontal
forehead
orbital
eye
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Introduction to the Human Body
Anatomy
Physiology
Embryology
Cell Biology
The study of body structures and the relationships among them
The study of body functions and how different body parts and…
The study of the first eight weeks of development after ferti…
The study of cellular structures and functions
Anatomy
The study of body structures and the relationships among them
Physiology
The study of body functions and how different body parts and…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Human Body Regions
Abdominal
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Auricular
Region inferior to the thorax and superior to the hip bones.
Forerarm
Region anterior the the elbow, also know as the cubital region
Visible surface structures of the ear
Abdominal
Region inferior to the thorax and superior to the hip bones.
Antebrachial
Forerarm
70 terms
Physiology: An Introduction To The Human Body
abdominopelvic cavity
anabolism
anatomical position
anatomy
division of the anterior cavity that houses the abdominal and…
assembly of more complex molecules from simpler molecules
standard reference position used for describing locations and…
study of form and composition of the body's structure
abdominopelvic cavity
division of the anterior cavity that houses the abdominal and…
anabolism
assembly of more complex molecules from simpler molecules
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Organization of the Human Body
Leonardo de vinci
Andreas Vesalius
William Harvey
Anatomy
Italian, First to draw a correct illustration of the human sk…
Flemish, wrote one of the first human anatomy books
English, Discovered how blood circulates through human body
science that studies the structure of the human body (form)
Leonardo de vinci
Italian, First to draw a correct illustration of the human sk…
Andreas Vesalius
Flemish, wrote one of the first human anatomy books
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Organization of the Human body
Cranial
Facial
Cephalic
Frontal
Skull
Face
Head
Forehead
Cranial
Skull
Facial
Face
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