Study sets matching "physiology integumentary system"

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Study sets matching "physiology integumentary system"

50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
Stratum corneum
Stratum Lucidum
Stratum granulosum
Stratum spinosum
Most superficial layer; 20-30 layers of dead cells, essential…
Visible only in thick skin, is a thin translucent band just a…
Typically five layers of flattened cells, organelles deterior…
Several layers of keratinocytes unified by desmosomes. Cells…
Stratum corneum
Most superficial layer; 20-30 layers of dead cells, essential…
Stratum Lucidum
Visible only in thick skin, is a thin translucent band just a…
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY -INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
Integumentary system
Structure of the skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Is the largest organ of the body. Comprizes the skin and acce…
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
Superficial layer of the skin
Layer of the skin that contain blood vessels, nerves and glands
Integumentary system
Is the largest organ of the body. Comprizes the skin and acce…
Structure of the skin
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Integumentary System
Functions of the Integumentary System
Protection (3 types of barriers)
Body temperature regulation
Cutaneous sensations
1. Protection... 2. Body temperature regulation... 3. Cutaneous sen…
1. Chemical - Low pH secretions (acid mantle) and defensins r…
Around 500 ml/day insensible perspiration (at normal body tem…
Temperature, touch and pain
Functions of the Integumentary System
1. Protection... 2. Body temperature regulation... 3. Cutaneous sen…
Protection (3 types of barriers)
1. Chemical - Low pH secretions (acid mantle) and defensins r…
Anatomy & Physiology: The Integumentary System
What are the two distinct regions of t…
Epidermis
Dermis
Keratin
Epidermis and dermis
Superficial region of skin. Made up of keratinized stratified…
Deep region of skin. Made up of dense irregular connective ti…
Produced by keratinocytes; a protein that gives the epidermis…
What are the two distinct regions of t…
Epidermis and dermis
Epidermis
Superficial region of skin. Made up of keratinized stratified…
Anatomy & Physiology of the Integumentary System
cutaneous membrane
hair
integument
integumentary system
...
...
cutaneous membrane
hair
...
151 terms
Physiology Integumentary System
Powerpoint Notes
Skin
Consists of three major regions
Epidermis
...
(Integument)
Epidermis—superficial region... Dermis—middle region... Hypodermis…
—superficial region
Powerpoint Notes
...
Skin
(Integument)
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
Epidermis
Keratinocyte
Melanocyte
Keratinized Stratified Squamos Epithel…
Superficial skin layer. 20-30 layers of dead cells.
Produces keratin
Produces the pigment, melanin. 10-25% of cells in lower epith…
Epithelium of Epidermis
Epidermis
Superficial skin layer. 20-30 layers of dead cells.
Keratinocyte
Produces keratin
79 terms
Integumentary System (Physiology and Anatomy)
What are the two types of skin?
Where do you find hirsute skin?
Where do you find glabrous skin?
What are the main components of skin?
(1) Hirsute - Thin hairy skin... (2) Glabrous - Thick hairless s…
Almost all of the body
Soles of the feet, palms, flexor surface of digits
(1) Cutaneous membrane (actual skin)... (2) Subcutaneous tissue…
What are the two types of skin?
(1) Hirsute - Thin hairy skin... (2) Glabrous - Thick hairless s…
Where do you find hirsute skin?
Almost all of the body
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Integumentary System
What are the functions of the skin?
Parts of the Integumentary System (bes…
What is the layer you can see, and wha…
What is the job of the Dermis?
-Protects against infection and extreme temperatures... - Mainta…
-Sweat glands, nerve endings, blood vessels, hair, nails, oil…
Epidermis; stratified squamous epithelial tissue
-sweating, circulating blood, feeling
What are the functions of the skin?
-Protects against infection and extreme temperatures... - Mainta…
Parts of the Integumentary System (bes…
-Sweat glands, nerve endings, blood vessels, hair, nails, oil…
Anatomy and Physiology Integumentary System
Characteristics of skin
Epidermis
Stratum Corneum
Stratum Lucidium
•Composed of several kinds of tissues... •One of the larger and…
•Outer Layer... •Composed of stratified squamous epithelium... •Lac…
•Outermost layer... •Many layers of keratinized dead epthethelia…
•Between s. corneum and s. granulosum ... •Cells appear to be cl…
Characteristics of skin
•Composed of several kinds of tissues... •One of the larger and…
Epidermis
•Outer Layer... •Composed of stratified squamous epithelium... •Lac…
8 terms
Physiology Integumentary System
5 functions of Integumentary system?
2 layers of the skin? Which is outermo…
What do blood vessels do in heat? In c…
What do sweat glands do in heat? In co…
Protection, body temperature regulation, communication, excre…
Epidermis- outermost... Dermis
Expand to release heat; contract to contain heat
Produce sweat; nothing
5 functions of Integumentary system?
Protection, body temperature regulation, communication, excre…
2 layers of the skin? Which is outermo…
Epidermis- outermost... Dermis
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Anatomy and Physiology - Integumentary System
What are the functions of the system?
The skin is not only a physical barrie…
What 3 things are used to regulate bod…
What do the sensory receptors respond…
regulation of body temperature, protection, sensation, and sy…
chemical
sweat, blood vessels, and smooth muscles
pressure, pain, temperature, and vibration
What are the functions of the system?
regulation of body temperature, protection, sensation, and sy…
The skin is not only a physical barrie…
chemical
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
General anatomy
3 major layers of skin
epidermis is what....?
Dermis is the layer of....?
- a large organ composed of all 4 tissue types ... - 22 square f…
epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis/subcutaneous tissue
epithelial tissue only
connective tissue, nerve, and muscle
General anatomy
- a large organ composed of all 4 tissue types ... - 22 square f…
3 major layers of skin
epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis/subcutaneous tissue
57 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY: INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
Keratinized stratified squamous epithe…
Keratinocytes, Melanocytes, merkel cel…
Keratinocytes
Melanocytes
What tissue makes up the epidermis?
What are the four cells that are found in the epidermis?
deepest cells in the epidermis, produce keratin (tough fibrou…
make dark skin pigment called melanin
Keratinized stratified squamous epithe…
What tissue makes up the epidermis?
Keratinocytes, Melanocytes, merkel cel…
What are the four cells that are found in the epidermis?
22 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY -INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM II
Arrector pilli muscle
Structure of the skin
Superficial layer of the skin
Used to estimate amount of body burned…
Identify the structure
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
Epidermis
Rule of 9's
Arrector pilli muscle
Identify the structure
Structure of the skin
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Integumentary System
integumentary system
skin
purposes of skin
primary function of the skin
skin, and its accessory organs - sweat glands sebaceous gland…
integument / cutaneous membrane
protection... housing nerve receptors... secreting fluids... regulates…
protection... the skin serves as a two way barrier capable of ke…
integumentary system
skin, and its accessory organs - sweat glands sebaceous gland…
skin
integument / cutaneous membrane
Anatomy & Physiology : Integumentary System
Epidermis
Melanin
Langerhans cells
Dermis
- outer most layer of skin... - visible to the eye... - barrier to…
- produced by melanocytes in epidermis... - determines a person'…
- Very mobile... - recognize foreign matter when there is small…
- layer of skin underneath the epidermis and above the Subcut…
Epidermis
- outer most layer of skin... - visible to the eye... - barrier to…
Melanin
- produced by melanocytes in epidermis... - determines a person'…
20 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Integumentary System
Skin
Accessory Organ
Integumentary System
Stratum Basale
Largest and heaviest organ of the body and consists of epider…
Located in the skin and aid in its function. Consists of hair…
Functions protection, sensation, thermoregulation, cutaneous…
Single layer of cells epidermis tissue and undergo mitosis.
Skin
Largest and heaviest organ of the body and consists of epider…
Accessory Organ
Located in the skin and aid in its function. Consists of hair…
Physiology (Integumentary System)
Integumentary System
Hypodermis
Dermis
Dermis: Reticular Layer
General Function: protects internal structures, prevents the…
- Not actually part of the skin (subcutaneous)... - "Basement me…
- Tissue: dense irregular connective tissue containing fibrob…
- Deep... - Continuous with the hypodermis; the main fibrous lay…
Integumentary System
General Function: protects internal structures, prevents the…
Hypodermis
- Not actually part of the skin (subcutaneous)... - "Basement me…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Integumentary System
Tumors of the dermal blood supply can…
Skin Sign: An example of a papule
The most dangerous skin cancer is
Three things that are a threat to life…
Birthmarks... Hemangiomas
Insect Bites
Malignant Melanoma
1.Sepsis (Infection)... 2. Dehydration... 3. Hyperthermia
Tumors of the dermal blood supply can…
Birthmarks... Hemangiomas
Skin Sign: An example of a papule
Insect Bites
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM (physiology)
epidermis
stratum germinativum
keratinization
stratum corneum
•tightly packed epithelial cells ... •no blood supply of its own…
•lies on top of dermis; has access to rich supply of blood... •c…
keratin is deposited within the cell. it hardens and flattens…
surface layer of epidermis composed of dead, flattened, kerat…
epidermis
•tightly packed epithelial cells ... •no blood supply of its own…
stratum germinativum
•lies on top of dermis; has access to rich supply of blood... •c…
Physiology (Integumentary System)
skin
cutaneous membrane (5)
mucous membrane (6)
serous membrane (4)
cutaneous membrane =
a dry membrane, outermost protective boundary, superficial ep…
surface epitelium, type depends on site, underlying loose con…
surface simple squamous epithelium, underlying areolar connec…
skin
cutaneous membrane =
cutaneous membrane (5)
a dry membrane, outermost protective boundary, superficial ep…
Physiology Integumentary System
Alb
Cut
Derm
Epi
White
Skin
Skin
Upon
Alb
White
Cut
Skin
8 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Integumentary System
Membranes
Membranes
Serous membranes
Serous membranes
Thin sheetlike structure made of epithelium and connective ti…
Found covering surfaces and lining body cavities and organs.
Lines body cavitie that lack openings to the outside.
Produces a watery serous fluid which lubricates the surfaces…
Membranes
Thin sheetlike structure made of epithelium and connective ti…
Membranes
Found covering surfaces and lining body cavities and organs.
38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Integumentary System
functions of the skin
2 main layers of the skin and what lie…
hypodermis
Epidermis
1. maintains homeostasis... 2. protection (against germs)... 3. tem…
1. epidermis - top layer... 2. dermis - bottom layer, much thick…
AKA subcutaneous layer, 50% of fat storage, not part of skin…
thin, outer layer of skin composed of stratified squamous epi…
functions of the skin
1. maintains homeostasis... 2. protection (against germs)... 3. tem…
2 main layers of the skin and what lie…
1. epidermis - top layer... 2. dermis - bottom layer, much thick…
39 terms
Physiology: Integumentary System
Protection, production of Vitamin D, T…
Protects underlying structures from ab…
Sepsis
Free Radical, damages DNA, proteins, a…
What are the functions of the Integumentary system?(5)
Name the ways that the integumentary system protects the body…
infection of blood
What unstable molecule does oxidation caused by UV rays cause…
Protection, production of Vitamin D, T…
What are the functions of the Integumentary system?(5)
Protects underlying structures from ab…
Name the ways that the integumentary system protects the body…
67 terms
Physiology - Histology & Integumentary System
Cavities of the body
Subdivision of Ventral cavity
Subdivision of Dorsal cavity
Planes of the body
Ventral... Dorsal
Thoracic... Abdominal
Spinal column... Cranium
Transverse... Sagittal... Coronal
Cavities of the body
Ventral... Dorsal
Subdivision of Ventral cavity
Thoracic... Abdominal
33 terms
Physiology: Integumentary System
Integument, Cutaneous Membrane
Acts as a Barrier/First Line of Defens…
Controls Temperature (Do We Want to Lo…
Sense of Touch/Feeling (Temperature, T…
What other two names does skin go by?
In what two ways does skin protect the body?
In what way does skin regulate body temperature?
In what way does skin communicate with the body?
Integument, Cutaneous Membrane
What other two names does skin go by?
Acts as a Barrier/First Line of Defens…
In what two ways does skin protect the body?
27 terms
Human physiology: Integumentary system
Epidermis
Dermis
Stratum corneum
Stratum germinativum
Consists of the stratum corneum and stratum germinativum. Typ…
Type of tissue: connective, the functions are to sweat, oil,…
#1 top layer in epidermis.
#2 layer in epidermis, melanin lives here.
Epidermis
Consists of the stratum corneum and stratum germinativum. Typ…
Dermis
Type of tissue: connective, the functions are to sweat, oil,…
43 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Integumentary System
What are the 6 skin functions?
What are the 3 layers of the skin
superficial layer, stratified squamous…
deeper layer of connective tissue, vas…
Regulates body temp, protects, sensation, secretes, blood res…
Epidermis, Dermis, Hypodermis
epidermis
dermis
What are the 6 skin functions?
Regulates body temp, protects, sensation, secretes, blood res…
What are the 3 layers of the skin
Epidermis, Dermis, Hypodermis
70 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Integumentary System
Explain why the skin is considered an…
Functions of the skin.
Skin cells
What is the most superficial layer of…
It performs a definite function
- Protection... - Water Balance... - Temperature Regulation... - Waste…
Epidermis
Explain why the skin is considered an…
It performs a definite function
Functions of the skin.
- Protection... - Water Balance... - Temperature Regulation... - Waste…
Anatomy and Physiology Integumentary System
Integument
Functions of skin
2 regions of skin
Hypodermis (superficial fascia)
Organ system consisting of the skin and its accessory organs.
Insulated and cushions underlying body tissues and protects e…
Epidermis (composed of epithelium) and dermis (underlying con…
Deep to dermis. Not considered part of skin. Consists of adip…
Integument
Organ system consisting of the skin and its accessory organs.
Functions of skin
Insulated and cushions underlying body tissues and protects e…
80 terms
Physiology Final - Integumentary System
Integument
Integumentary
Integumentary Functions (general)
1. Protective covering of (details)
Only the skin itself as a covering
The skin & associated organs (such as hair, nails, glands)
Protective covering, body temp regulation, home to sensory re…
-Organs, muscles, and blood vessels... -Also waterproof
Integument
Only the skin itself as a covering
Integumentary
The skin & associated organs (such as hair, nails, glands)
49 terms
anatomy and physiology of the integumentary system
Skin, sweat, glands sebaceous, glands,…
Integument, cutaneous membrane
Skin
Protection
Integumentary system
Alternative terms for skin
Largest organ in the body, can weigh more than 20 pounds in a…
The primary function of the skin is?
Skin, sweat, glands sebaceous, glands,…
Integumentary system
Integument, cutaneous membrane
Alternative terms for skin
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 12 Integumentary System
Cleavage Lines
Sweat Glands
Hard Keratin
Cortex
patterns of tension in your skin
glands in the dermis that produce sweat
the keratin made within the outer layers of hair cells and wi…
the layer in which the color of your hair is found
Cleavage Lines
patterns of tension in your skin
Sweat Glands
glands in the dermis that produce sweat
Anatomy & Physiology: Integumentary System
cutaneous membrane (epidermis)
Epidermis
Stratum basale
Stratum spinosum
Stratified squamous epithelial cells that protect the underly…
Stratified squamous epithelium that lacks vascularization. Re…
Deepest later of the epidermis. Lies on the basement membrane…
Layers of keratinocytes unified by several desmosomes. Cells…
cutaneous membrane (epidermis)
Stratified squamous epithelial cells that protect the underly…
Epidermis
Stratified squamous epithelium that lacks vascularization. Re…
Integumentary System - Anatomy & Physiology
Integumentary System
Skin
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
includes skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
forms a barrier against pathogens, injuries, regulates body t…
the outermost part of the skin and is made of keratinized str…
cells that start in the bottom layer of the epidermis and mov…
Integumentary System
includes skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
Skin
forms a barrier against pathogens, injuries, regulates body t…
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
skin, hair, glands, nails
to protect against injury and infectio…
90%
keratin
What makes up the integumentary system? (4)
What are the functions of the integumentary system? (6)
Keratinocytes make up what percentage of epidermal cells?
Keratinocytes contain what?
skin, hair, glands, nails
What makes up the integumentary system? (4)
to protect against injury and infectio…
What are the functions of the integumentary system? (6)
Anatomy and Physiology - Integumentary System
Overview of the integument
Two major components of the integument
Cutaneous membrane
Functions of the Epidermis
-most accessible organ... -referred to as skin or integument... -16…
cutaneous membrane... accessory structures
epidermis ... dermis
-made up of stratified squamous epithelial ... -lacks blood vess…
Overview of the integument
-most accessible organ... -referred to as skin or integument... -16…
Two major components of the integument
cutaneous membrane... accessory structures
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Skin functions
Serous Membranes
Mucous Membranes
Consists of hair,skin,nails,and the subcutaneous tissue below…
Protection from injury... Protection against infection... Regulated…
Line body cavities that have no opening to the outside. Secre…
Line cavities and tubes that open to the outside
Integumentary System
Consists of hair,skin,nails,and the subcutaneous tissue below…
Skin functions
Protection from injury... Protection against infection... Regulated…
Integumentary System/ Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System is made up of ___…
Functions of Integumentary System
Melanin
Living closer to equator = _______ rat…
Skin, Accessory organs
-Protection (frm chemicals, impacts, infections, loss of flui…
Protein made in melanocytes that gives skin color
Lower
Integumentary System is made up of ___…
Skin, Accessory organs
Functions of Integumentary System
-Protection (frm chemicals, impacts, infections, loss of flui…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Integumentary System
Three components of the Integumentary…
Functions of the Integumentary System
Two layers of skin
Epidermis location and function
1. Hair... 2. Skin... 3. Glands
1. Protection- Keeps microorganisms from entering the body(ab…
1. Epidermis... 2. Dermis
Superficial layer... Resists abrasion and water loss
Three components of the Integumentary…
1. Hair... 2. Skin... 3. Glands
Functions of the Integumentary System
1. Protection- Keeps microorganisms from entering the body(ab…
68 terms
Integumentary System Physiology Test
Keratin
Collagen
Sebaceous Glands
Sudoriferous Glands
Tough fibrous proteins (water repellent)
Attracts water and keeps the skin hydrated
Secretes oil... Empties into hair follicles... Contains chemicals t…
Secretes sweat contains water, salts and wastes
Keratin
Tough fibrous proteins (water repellent)
Collagen
Attracts water and keeps the skin hydrated
69 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Integumentary System
Cutaneous Membrane
Accessory Structures
Epidermis
Dermis
Actual layer of skin
Everything else
Waterproof cover on skin
Nerve fibers, sensory fibers, hair follicles
Cutaneous Membrane
Actual layer of skin
Accessory Structures
Everything else
Anatomy&physiology the integumentary system
Does the epidermis contain blood vesse…
What is the stratum lucidum?
How many layers are there in the strat…
What does the dry, dead layer of strat…
No
The 5th layer of the epidermis
15-30
The penetration of microbes and the dehydration of underlying…
Does the epidermis contain blood vesse…
No
What is the stratum lucidum?
The 5th layer of the epidermis
22 terms
Anatomy and physiology integumentary system
Blood vessels
Nais
Function of integumentary system
Eccrine
Present in dermis, especially in dermal papillae
Protect nerves on end of fingers and toes
Protection... Absorption... Secretion... Filtration... Regulation of temp…
Regular sweat glands
Blood vessels
Present in dermis, especially in dermal papillae
Nais
Protect nerves on end of fingers and toes
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
The two functional components of the i…
Regulating heat exchange with the envi…
The structure(s) of the integumentary…
All of the following are functions of…
cutaneous membrane and accessory sctructures
maintain normal body temperature
hair, skin, and nails
synthesis of bitamin A
The two functional components of the i…
cutaneous membrane and accessory sctructures
Regulating heat exchange with the envi…
maintain normal body temperature
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