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Study sets matching "physiology integumentary system"

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Study sets matching "physiology integumentary system"

50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
24 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY -INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
Integumentary system
Structure of the skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Is the largest organ of the body. Comprizes the skin and acce…
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
Superficial layer of the skin
Layer of the skin that contain blood vessels, nerves and glands
Integumentary system
Is the largest organ of the body. Comprizes the skin and acce…
Structure of the skin
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
Stratum corneum
Stratum Lucidum
Stratum granulosum
Stratum spinosum
Most superficial layer; 20-30 layers of dead cells, essential…
Visible only in thick skin, is a thin translucent band just a…
Typically five layers of flattened cells, organelles deterior…
Several layers of keratinocytes unified by desmosomes. Cells…
Stratum corneum
Most superficial layer; 20-30 layers of dead cells, essential…
Stratum Lucidum
Visible only in thick skin, is a thin translucent band just a…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Integumentary System
Functions of the Integumentary System
Protection (3 types of barriers)
Body temperature regulation
Cutaneous sensations
1. Protection... 2. Body temperature regulation... 3. Cutaneous sen…
1. Chemical - Low pH secretions (acid mantle) and defensins r…
Around 500 ml/day insensible perspiration (at normal body tem…
Temperature, touch and pain
Functions of the Integumentary System
1. Protection... 2. Body temperature regulation... 3. Cutaneous sen…
Protection (3 types of barriers)
1. Chemical - Low pH secretions (acid mantle) and defensins r…
38 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY -INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
Integumentary system
Structure of the skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Is the largest organ of the body. Comprizes the skin and acce…
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
Superficial layer of the skin
Layer of the skin that contain blood vessels, nerves and glands
Integumentary system
Is the largest organ of the body. Comprizes the skin and acce…
Structure of the skin
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
14 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Integumentary System
What are the two distinct regions of t…
Epidermis
Dermis
Keratin
Epidermis and dermis
Superficial region of skin. Made up of keratinized stratified…
Deep region of skin. Made up of dense irregular connective ti…
Produced by keratinocytes; a protein that gives the epidermis…
What are the two distinct regions of t…
Epidermis and dermis
Epidermis
Superficial region of skin. Made up of keratinized stratified…
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Integumentary System
cutaneous membrane
hair
integument
integumentary system
...
...
cutaneous membrane
hair
...
25 terms
Integumentary System - Anatomy & Physiology
Integumentary System
Skin
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
includes skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
forms a barrier against pathogens, injuries, regulates body t…
the outermost part of the skin and is made of keratinized str…
cells that start in the bottom layer of the epidermis and mov…
Integumentary System
includes skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
Skin
forms a barrier against pathogens, injuries, regulates body t…
79 terms
Integumentary System (Physiology and Anatomy)
What are the two types of skin?
Where do you find hirsute skin?
Where do you find glabrous skin?
What are the main components of skin?
(1) Hirsute - Thin hairy skin... (2) Glabrous - Thick hairless s…
Almost all of the body
Soles of the feet, palms, flexor surface of digits
(1) Cutaneous membrane (actual skin)... (2) Subcutaneous tissue…
What are the two types of skin?
(1) Hirsute - Thin hairy skin... (2) Glabrous - Thick hairless s…
Where do you find hirsute skin?
Almost all of the body
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Integumentary System
Characteristics of skin
Epidermis
Stratum Corneum
Stratum Lucidium
•Composed of several kinds of tissues... •One of the larger and…
•Outer Layer... •Composed of stratified squamous epithelium... •Lac…
•Outermost layer... •Many layers of keratinized dead epthethelia…
•Between s. corneum and s. granulosum ... •Cells appear to be cl…
Characteristics of skin
•Composed of several kinds of tissues... •One of the larger and…
Epidermis
•Outer Layer... •Composed of stratified squamous epithelium... •Lac…
22 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY -INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM II
Arrector pilli muscle
Structure of the skin
Superficial layer of the skin
Used to estimate amount of body burned…
Identify the structure
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
Epidermis
Rule of 9's
Arrector pilli muscle
Identify the structure
Structure of the skin
Skin has 3 layers:... -Epidermis (superficial layer)... -Dermis (…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Integumentary System
What are the functions of the skin?
Parts of the Integumentary System (bes…
What is the layer you can see, and wha…
What is the job of the Dermis?
-Protects against infection and extreme temperatures... - Mainta…
-Sweat glands, nerve endings, blood vessels, hair, nails, oil…
Epidermis; stratified squamous epithelial tissue
-sweating, circulating blood, feeling
What are the functions of the skin?
-Protects against infection and extreme temperatures... - Mainta…
Parts of the Integumentary System (bes…
-Sweat glands, nerve endings, blood vessels, hair, nails, oil…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
11 terms
physiology integumentary system
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
sweat gland
top layer of skin
flexible connective tissue; middle layer of skin
anchors skin to muscles; bottom layer of skin
regulate body temperature
epidermis
top layer of skin
dermis
flexible connective tissue; middle layer of skin
67 terms
Physiology - Histology & Integumentary System
Cavities of the body
Subdivision of Ventral cavity
Subdivision of Dorsal cavity
Planes of the body
Ventral... Dorsal
Thoracic... Abdominal
Spinal column... Cranium
Transverse... Sagittal... Coronal
Cavities of the body
Ventral... Dorsal
Subdivision of Ventral cavity
Thoracic... Abdominal
20 terms
Physiology (Integumentary System)
Integumentary System
Hypodermis
Dermis
Dermis: Reticular Layer
General Function: protects internal structures, prevents the…
- Not actually part of the skin (subcutaneous)... - "Basement me…
- Tissue: dense irregular connective tissue containing fibrob…
- Deep... - Continuous with the hypodermis; the main fibrous lay…
Integumentary System
General Function: protects internal structures, prevents the…
Hypodermis
- Not actually part of the skin (subcutaneous)... - "Basement me…
20 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Integumentary System
Skin
Accessory Organ
Integumentary System
Stratum Basale
Largest and heaviest organ of the body and consists of epider…
Located in the skin and aid in its function. Consists of hair…
Functions protection, sensation, thermoregulation, cutaneous…
Single layer of cells epidermis tissue and undergo mitosis.
Skin
Largest and heaviest organ of the body and consists of epider…
Accessory Organ
Located in the skin and aid in its function. Consists of hair…
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
Epidermis
Keratinocyte
Melanocyte
Keratinized Stratified Squamos Epithel…
Superficial skin layer. 20-30 layers of dead cells.
Produces keratin
Produces the pigment, melanin. 10-25% of cells in lower epith…
Epithelium of Epidermis
Epidermis
Superficial skin layer. 20-30 layers of dead cells.
Keratinocyte
Produces keratin
38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Integumentary System
functions of the skin
2 main layers of the skin and what lie…
hypodermis
Epidermis
1. maintains homeostasis... 2. protection (against germs)... 3. tem…
1. epidermis - top layer... 2. dermis - bottom layer, much thick…
AKA subcutaneous layer, 50% of fat storage, not part of skin…
thin, outer layer of skin composed of stratified squamous epi…
functions of the skin
1. maintains homeostasis... 2. protection (against germs)... 3. tem…
2 main layers of the skin and what lie…
1. epidermis - top layer... 2. dermis - bottom layer, much thick…
8 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Integumentary System
Membranes
Membranes
Serous membranes
Serous membranes
Thin sheetlike structure made of epithelium and connective ti…
Found covering surfaces and lining body cavities and organs.
Lines body cavitie that lack openings to the outside.
Produces a watery serous fluid which lubricates the surfaces…
Membranes
Thin sheetlike structure made of epithelium and connective ti…
Membranes
Found covering surfaces and lining body cavities and organs.
68 terms
Integumentary System Physiology Test
Keratin
Collagen
Sebaceous Glands
Sudoriferous Glands
Tough fibrous proteins (water repellent)
Attracts water and keeps the skin hydrated
Secretes oil... Empties into hair follicles... Contains chemicals t…
Secretes sweat contains water, salts and wastes
Keratin
Tough fibrous proteins (water repellent)
Collagen
Attracts water and keeps the skin hydrated
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 12 Integumentary System
Cleavage Lines
Sweat Glands
Hard Keratin
Cortex
patterns of tension in your skin
glands in the dermis that produce sweat
the keratin made within the outer layers of hair cells and wi…
the layer in which the color of your hair is found
Cleavage Lines
patterns of tension in your skin
Sweat Glands
glands in the dermis that produce sweat
156 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
skin, hair, glands, nails
to protect against injury and infectio…
90%
keratin
What makes up the integumentary system? (4)
What are the functions of the integumentary system? (6)
Keratinocytes make up what percentage of epidermal cells?
Keratinocytes contain what?
skin, hair, glands, nails
What makes up the integumentary system? (4)
to protect against injury and infectio…
What are the functions of the integumentary system? (6)
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Integumentary System
cutaneous membrane (epidermis)
Epidermis
Stratum basale
Stratum spinosum
Stratified squamous epithelial cells that protect the underly…
Stratified squamous epithelium that lacks vascularization. Re…
Deepest later of the epidermis. Lies on the basement membrane…
Layers of keratinocytes unified by several desmosomes. Cells…
cutaneous membrane (epidermis)
Stratified squamous epithelial cells that protect the underly…
Epidermis
Stratified squamous epithelium that lacks vascularization. Re…
8 terms
Physiology Integumentary System
5 functions of Integumentary system?
2 layers of the skin? Which is outermo…
What do blood vessels do in heat? In c…
What do sweat glands do in heat? In co…
Protection, body temperature regulation, communication, excre…
Epidermis- outermost... Dermis
Expand to release heat; contract to contain heat
Produce sweat; nothing
5 functions of Integumentary system?
Protection, body temperature regulation, communication, excre…
2 layers of the skin? Which is outermo…
Epidermis- outermost... Dermis
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Skin functions
Serous Membranes
Mucous Membranes
Consists of hair,skin,nails,and the subcutaneous tissue below…
Protection from injury... Protection against infection... Regulated…
Line body cavities that have no opening to the outside. Secre…
Line cavities and tubes that open to the outside
Integumentary System
Consists of hair,skin,nails,and the subcutaneous tissue below…
Skin functions
Protection from injury... Protection against infection... Regulated…
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
Melanocytes
Langerhans Cells
Superficial layer of skin. Avascular. 4 different cell types…
90% of cells. Keratin
8% of cells. Melanin (Pigments and absorb uv radiation.
Immune system
Epidermis
Superficial layer of skin. Avascular. 4 different cell types…
Keratinocytes
90% of cells. Keratin
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
General anatomy
3 major layers of skin
epidermis is what....?
Dermis is the layer of....?
- a large organ composed of all 4 tissue types ... - 22 square f…
epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis/subcutaneous tissue
epithelial tissue only
connective tissue, nerve, and muscle
General anatomy
- a large organ composed of all 4 tissue types ... - 22 square f…
3 major layers of skin
epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis/subcutaneous tissue
54 terms
Integumentary System -- Human Physiology
What are the 4 components of the integ…
What are the 3 layers of the skin?
What are the 5 layers of the epidermis…
What are the 2 layers of the dermis? (…
skin, hair, nails, glands
epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum…
reticular, papillary
What are the 4 components of the integ…
skin, hair, nails, glands
What are the 3 layers of the skin?
epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
22 terms
Physiology: Integumentary System Review
Name the main components of the Integu…
List the body cavities and examples of…
Purpose of the Cystic Fibrosis lab? Wh…
5 functions of the skin?
skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands
-Dorsal cavity / brain, spine... -Thoracic cavity / lungs, heart…
-Purpose: water follows salt / cells hog all the water becaus…
-Thermoregulation... -Protection... -Excretion... -Waterproofing... -Sens…
Name the main components of the Integu…
skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands
List the body cavities and examples of…
-Dorsal cavity / brain, spine... -Thoracic cavity / lungs, heart…
50 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Integumentary System
What is the integumentary system?
What are the 6 functions of the integu…
What is the Protection function?... How d…
What are phagocytes?
THE SKIN
1. Protection... 2. Regulation of Body Temp... 3. Cutaneous Sensati…
-protects internal living tissues and organs... 3 ways of protec…
cells that engulf things
What is the integumentary system?
THE SKIN
What are the 6 functions of the integu…
1. Protection... 2. Regulation of Body Temp... 3. Cutaneous Sensati…
16 terms
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM (physiology)
epidermis
stratum germinativum
keratinization
stratum corneum
•tightly packed epithelial cells ... •no blood supply of its own…
•lies on top of dermis; has access to rich supply of blood... •c…
keratin is deposited within the cell. it hardens and flattens…
surface layer of epidermis composed of dead, flattened, kerat…
epidermis
•tightly packed epithelial cells ... •no blood supply of its own…
stratum germinativum
•lies on top of dermis; has access to rich supply of blood... •c…
16 terms
Anatomy physiology integumentary system
Biopsy
Cutaneous
Dermal
Dermatologist
the removal of living tissue from the body for diagnostic exa…
pertaining to the skin
relating to the skin... pertaining to the skin
a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disord…
Biopsy
the removal of living tissue from the body for diagnostic exa…
Cutaneous
pertaining to the skin
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System
Largest organ in the human body
Functions of the skin
Why does the skin synthesize Vitamin D?
2 principle portions of the skin
cutaneous membrane(skin)
-regulation of body temperature... -protection... -sensation... -commu…
for calcium absorption
epidermis and dermis
Largest organ in the human body
cutaneous membrane(skin)
Functions of the skin
-regulation of body temperature... -protection... -sensation... -commu…
151 terms
Physiology Integumentary System
Powerpoint Notes
Skin
Consists of three major regions
Epidermis
...
(Integument)
Epidermis—superficial region... Dermis—middle region... Hypodermis…
—superficial region
Powerpoint Notes
...
Skin
(Integument)
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
57 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY: INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
Keratinized stratified squamous epithe…
Keratinocytes, Melanocytes, merkel cel…
Keratinocytes
Melanocytes
What tissue makes up the epidermis?
What are the four cells that are found in the epidermis?
deepest cells in the epidermis, produce keratin (tough fibrou…
make dark skin pigment called melanin
Keratinized stratified squamous epithe…
What tissue makes up the epidermis?
Keratinocytes, Melanocytes, merkel cel…
What are the four cells that are found in the epidermis?
24 terms
physiology: The integumentary system
five important functions of the skin a…
two layers of skin
hypodermis
epidermis ... four main cell types it has
1 protection- cushions organs and protects from bumps, chemic…
epidermis ... dermis
composed of areolar and adipose tissue ... technically not part…
made of keratinized stratified squamous ... 1 keratinocytes - ... 2…
five important functions of the skin a…
1 protection- cushions organs and protects from bumps, chemic…
two layers of skin
epidermis ... dermis
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Integumentary System
integumentary system
skin
purposes of skin
primary function of the skin
skin, and its accessory organs - sweat glands sebaceous gland…
integument / cutaneous membrane
protection... housing nerve receptors... secreting fluids... regulates…
protection... the skin serves as a two way barrier capable of ke…
integumentary system
skin, and its accessory organs - sweat glands sebaceous gland…
skin
integument / cutaneous membrane
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Integumentary System
Tumors of the dermal blood supply can…
Skin Sign: An example of a papule
The most dangerous skin cancer is
Three things that are a threat to life…
Birthmarks... Hemangiomas
Insect Bites
Malignant Melanoma
1.Sepsis (Infection)... 2. Dehydration... 3. Hyperthermia
Tumors of the dermal blood supply can…
Birthmarks... Hemangiomas
Skin Sign: An example of a papule
Insect Bites
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Integumentary System
What is the Integumentary System made…
Skin
Hypodermis
Epidermis
Hair, Skin, and Nails, sweat glands, oil glands
Compiled of two regions, epidermis and dermis
Subcutaneous tissue layer that is not technically part of the…
Superficial layer of the cutaneous membrane.
What is the Integumentary System made…
Hair, Skin, and Nails, sweat glands, oil glands
Skin
Compiled of two regions, epidermis and dermis
31 terms
Physiology Integumentary System
Alb
Cut
Derm
Epi
White
Skin
Skin
Upon
Alb
White
Cut
Skin
79 terms
Physiology (Integumentary System)
skin
cutaneous membrane (5)
mucous membrane (6)
serous membrane (4)
cutaneous membrane =
a dry membrane, outermost protective boundary, superficial ep…
surface epitelium, type depends on site, underlying loose con…
surface simple squamous epithelium, underlying areolar connec…
skin
cutaneous membrane =
cutaneous membrane (5)
a dry membrane, outermost protective boundary, superficial ep…
39 terms
Physiology: Integumentary System
Protection, production of Vitamin D, T…
Protects underlying structures from ab…
Sepsis
Free Radical, damages DNA, proteins, a…
What are the functions of the Integumentary system?(5)
Name the ways that the integumentary system protects the body…
infection of blood
What unstable molecule does oxidation caused by UV rays cause…
Protection, production of Vitamin D, T…
What are the functions of the Integumentary system?(5)
Protects underlying structures from ab…
Name the ways that the integumentary system protects the body…
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - integumentary system
organelles
cell membrane
lysosome
Gogli Apparatus
structures found in protoplasm to help cells function
regulates transport of substances in and out of the cell
a structure that digests worn-out cells and bacteria
main function is to store and package secretions
organelles
structures found in protoplasm to help cells function
cell membrane
regulates transport of substances in and out of the cell
Anatomy and Physiology - Integumentary System
Overview of the integument
Two major components of the integument
Cutaneous membrane
Functions of the Epidermis
-most accessible organ... -referred to as skin or integument... -16…
cutaneous membrane... accessory structures
epidermis ... dermis
-made up of stratified squamous epithelial ... -lacks blood vess…
Overview of the integument
-most accessible organ... -referred to as skin or integument... -16…
Two major components of the integument
cutaneous membrane... accessory structures
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Integumentary System
What are the functions of the system?
The skin is not only a physical barrie…
What 3 things are used to regulate bod…
What do the sensory receptors respond…
regulation of body temperature, protection, sensation, and sy…
chemical
sweat, blood vessels, and smooth muscles
pressure, pain, temperature, and vibration
What are the functions of the system?
regulation of body temperature, protection, sensation, and sy…
The skin is not only a physical barrie…
chemical
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