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Study sets matching "physiology muscular system chapter 11"

38 terms
Chapter 11 Physiology of Muscular System
Function of rectus femoris is to
muscle is so powerful pulls origin tow…
function of this muscle is to extend t…
this muscle flexes leg, cork screw mot…
Flex the thigh and extend the leg
psoas major
gluteus maximus
popleteus
Function of rectus femoris is to
Flex the thigh and extend the leg
muscle is so powerful pulls origin tow…
psoas major
36 terms
chapter 11: physiology of the muscular system
Functions of muscular tissue:
the skeletal muscle fiber characterist…
largest to smalles skeletal muscle cells
Troponin and tropomyosin are
movement heat production and posture
responding to nerve signals
fiber,myofibril, myofilamnet
myofilament proteins
Functions of muscular tissue:
movement heat production and posture
the skeletal muscle fiber characterist…
responding to nerve signals
21 terms
Chapter 11- Physiology of Muscular System
General functions of muscular system
Characteristics of skeletal muscle cells
Excitability
Contractility
Movements of parts or whole body, heat production, posture
Excitability, Contractility, Extensibility
Ability to be stimulated
ability to contract/shorten, and produce body movement
General functions of muscular system
Movements of parts or whole body, heat production, posture
Characteristics of skeletal muscle cells
Excitability, Contractility, Extensibility
36 terms
chapter 11: physiology of the muscular system
Functions of muscular tissue:
the skeletal muscle fiber characterist…
largest to smalles skeletal muscle cells
Troponin and tropomyosin are
movement heat production and posture
responding to nerve signals
fiber,myofibril, myofilamnet
myofilament proteins
Functions of muscular tissue:
movement heat production and posture
the skeletal muscle fiber characterist…
responding to nerve signals
201 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 11- The Muscular System
Origin
Insertion
Belly
Skeletal Muscle Functions
Attachment of a muscle's tendon to the stationary bone
Attachment of the muscle's other tendon to the moveable bone
fleshy portion of muscle between tendons
1. Contraction of belly produces movement by exerting force o…
Origin
Attachment of a muscle's tendon to the stationary bone
Insertion
Attachment of the muscle's other tendon to the moveable bone
66 terms
Chapter 11 Physiology of the Muscular System
which of the following is NOT a genera…
the skeletal muscle fiber characterist…
the correct order of arrangement of sk…
sarcoplasmic reticulum is:... a) a system…
b) protection
responding to nerve signals
fiber, myofibril, myofilament
d) none of the above
which of the following is NOT a genera…
b) protection
the skeletal muscle fiber characterist…
responding to nerve signals
112 terms
Chapter 11 Physiology of the Muscular System
What are the general functions of Musc…
What are the characteristics of Muscle…
What is the ability of the muscle to b…
What is the ability of the muscle to c…
-Movement... -Posture... -Heat Production
-Excitablility... -Contractility... -Extensibility
Excitability
Contractility
What are the general functions of Musc…
-Movement... -Posture... -Heat Production
What are the characteristics of Muscle…
-Excitablility... -Contractility... -Extensibility
55 terms
Chapter 11 - Physiology of the Muscular System
Functions of Muscular System
Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle Cells
Excitability (Irritability)
Contractility
Movement, Heat, Posture
Excitability, Contractility, Extensibility
Ability to be stimulated
Ability to contract, shorten, and produce body movement
Functions of Muscular System
Movement, Heat, Posture
Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle Cells
Excitability, Contractility, Extensibility
112 terms
Chapter 11 Physiology of the Muscular System
What are the general functions of Musc…
What are the characteristics of Muscle…
What is the ability of the muscle to b…
What is the ability of the muscle to c…
-Movement... -Posture... -Heat Production
-Excitablility... -Contractility... -Extensibility
Excitability
Contractility
What are the general functions of Musc…
-Movement... -Posture... -Heat Production
What are the characteristics of Muscle…
-Excitablility... -Contractility... -Extensibility
71 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 - The Muscular System
Tendons
Joint
Stabilizing body position
Producing movements
Skeletal muscles produce movement by exerting force on ______…
Most muscles cross at least one __________________.
The Skeletal muscle system contributes to homeostatis by:
The Skeletal muscle system contributes to homeostatis by:
Tendons
Skeletal muscles produce movement by exerting force on ______…
Joint
Most muscles cross at least one __________________.
72 terms
Anatomy & Physiology, Ch.11 - The Muscular System
What is a muscle origin?
What is an insertion?
What is meant by the action of a muscle?
Mechanical Advantage
The attachment of the muscle's tendon to the more stationary…
The attachment of the muscle to the moveable bone (usually di…
The main movements that occur when the muscle contracts.
When the load (resistance opposing movement) is closer to the…
What is a muscle origin?
The attachment of the muscle's tendon to the more stationary…
What is an insertion?
The attachment of the muscle to the moveable bone (usually di…
27 terms
Openstax Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11 The Muscular System
A muscle that has a pattern of fascicl…
The rhomboid major and minor muscles a…
The location of a muscle's insertion a…
What is the largest muscle in the lowe…
parallel
trapezius
action
gastrocnemius
A muscle that has a pattern of fascicl…
parallel
The rhomboid major and minor muscles a…
trapezius
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 11 (Muscular System)
Origin
Insertion
Agonist
Antagonist
the less movable attachment.
the more moveable attachment.
(prime mover) provides the main force for a specific movement.
muscles that oppose or reverse a motion.
Origin
the less movable attachment.
Insertion
the more moveable attachment.
Chapter 11: Anatomy and Physiology The Skeletal and Muscular Systems
Abnormality
Anatomy
Anterion
Atrophy
...
...
...
...
Abnormality
...
Anatomy
...
Chapter 11 Muscular System
Fascicle
muscle Body
parellel muscle
Covergent Muscle
bundle of muscle fibers
belly
are parallel to the long axis of the muscle; most skeletal mu…
muscle fascicles extend over a broad area and come together,…
Fascicle
bundle of muscle fibers
muscle Body
belly
120 terms
Muscular System: Chapter 11
Buccinator
Buccinator
Masseter
Masseter
Buccinator
Buccinator
67 terms
Chapter 11: Muscular System
frontalis
occipitalis
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
frontalis
occipitalis
109 terms
Chapter 11: The Muscular System
origin
insertion
lever
fulcrum
attachment of a muscle's tendon to stationary bone; it's prox…
attachment of muscle's tendon to movable bone; it's distal... -g…
rigid structure that can move around a fixed point... -bones=lev…
fixed point... -joints=fulcrums
origin
attachment of a muscle's tendon to stationary bone; it's prox…
insertion
attachment of muscle's tendon to movable bone; it's distal... -g…
79 terms
Chapter 11 - Muscular System
by exerting force on tendons, which at…
origin
insertion
belly (body)
how do skeleton muscles produce movement?
the attachment of a muscle's tendon to the stationary bone
the attachment of the muscle's tendon to the movable bone
the fleshy portion of the muscle between the tendons
by exerting force on tendons, which at…
how do skeleton muscles produce movement?
origin
the attachment of a muscle's tendon to the stationary bone
27 terms
Chapter 11 Muscular System
Lever
Fulcrum
Load
Effort
Rigid structure that can move around fixed point called fulcrum
Fixed point in lever system
Weight of body part that is moved or resisting the movement
Force exerted by muscular contraction and causes movement
Lever
Rigid structure that can move around fixed point called fulcrum
Fulcrum
Fixed point in lever system
56 terms
Chapter 11: The Muscular System
Functions of Muscular System
Parts of a Muscle
Tendons
Aponeuroses
Produce movement... Stabilize body positions... Close openings... Gene…
Origin ... Belly ... Insertion
attach muscle to bones
are wide sheet-like tendons
Functions of Muscular System
Produce movement... Stabilize body positions... Close openings... Gene…
Parts of a Muscle
Origin ... Belly ... Insertion
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 Muscular System Axial and Appendicular Muscles
Axial Muscles
Appendicular Muscles
Origin
Insertion
Support and move the head, vertebral column, chew, swallow, h…
Control movement of upper and lower limbs. Stabilize and cont…
Less moveable attachment of muscle
More moveable attachment of muscle. Usually insertions is pul…
Axial Muscles
Support and move the head, vertebral column, chew, swallow, h…
Appendicular Muscles
Control movement of upper and lower limbs. Stabilize and cont…
14 terms
Chapter 11 Muscular System
Parallel Muscles
Convergent Muscles
Pennate Muscle
Circular Muscles
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle. Exampl…
fascicles extend over a broad area with one common attachment…
fascicles from a common angle with the tendon; feather like.…
sphincters; fascicles are arranged around an opening, control…
Parallel Muscles
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle. Exampl…
Convergent Muscles
fascicles extend over a broad area with one common attachment…
49 terms
Chapter 11 - Muscular System
Rectus abdominis origin
Rectus abdominis insertion
Rectus abdominis action
External oblique origin
pubic crest, pubic symphysis
Cartilage of 5 to 7 ribs, xiphoid process
Flexes vertebral column
Inferior 8 ribs
Rectus abdominis origin
pubic crest, pubic symphysis
Rectus abdominis insertion
Cartilage of 5 to 7 ribs, xiphoid process
120 terms
Muscular System: Chapter 11
Buccinator
Buccinator
Masseter
Masseter
Buccinator
Buccinator
29 terms
Chapter 11 Muscular System
Functions of the muscular system
Parts of a muscle
tendons
aponeuroses
-produce movement... -stabilize body positions... -close openings... -…
-origin; proximal, attachment... -insertion; more distal... belly
attach muscle to bone
wide, sheet-like tendons
Functions of the muscular system
-produce movement... -stabilize body positions... -close openings... -…
Parts of a muscle
-origin; proximal, attachment... -insertion; more distal... belly
92 terms
Muscular System: Chapter 11
Buccinator
Masseter
Orbicularis Oris
Temporalis
Buccinator
Masseter
120 terms
Muscular System: Chapter 11
Buccinator
Buccinator
Masseter
Masseter
Buccinator
Buccinator
120 terms
Muscular System: Chapter 11
Buccinator
Buccinator
Masseter
Masseter
Buccinator
Buccinator
58 terms
Muscular System Chapter 11
Origin
Insertion
Most Contractions
To Produce Movement
Attachment of a muscle tendon to a stationary bone.
Attachment of the other muscle tendon to the movable bone.
Insertion is pulled towards origin
Bones act as lever and joints function as the fulcrum of the…
Origin
Attachment of a muscle tendon to a stationary bone.
Insertion
Attachment of the other muscle tendon to the movable bone.
110 terms
Chapter 11: The Muscular System
origin
insertion
lever
fulcrum
attachment of a muscle's tendon to stationary bone; it's prox…
attachment of muscle's tendon to movable bone; it's distal... -g…
rigid structure that can move around a fixed point... -bones=lev…
fixed point... -joints=fulcrums
origin
attachment of a muscle's tendon to stationary bone; it's prox…
insertion
attachment of muscle's tendon to movable bone; it's distal... -g…
40 terms
Chapter 11 (The Muscular System)
origin
insertion
lever
fulcrum
the attachment of a muscle's tendon to the stationary, usuall…
the attachment of the muscle's tendon to the movable bone
a rigid structure that can move around a fixed point
a fixed point
origin
the attachment of a muscle's tendon to the stationary, usuall…
insertion
the attachment of the muscle's tendon to the movable bone
12 terms
Chapter 11- The Muscular System
Skeletal Muscles
Articulating bones
origin
insertion
causes movements by exerting force on tendons, which pulls on…
___________ __________ do not move equally in response to con…
The attachment of a tendon to the stationary bone is called t…
the attachment of the muscles other tendon to the movable bon…
Skeletal Muscles
causes movements by exerting force on tendons, which pulls on…
Articulating bones
___________ __________ do not move equally in response to con…
14 terms
Chapter 11: The Muscular system
origin
insertion
lever
effort
attachment of a tendon to stationary bone
attachment of other tendons on moveable bones
rigid structure that moves around a fixed point
causes movement
origin
attachment of a tendon to stationary bone
insertion
attachment of other tendons on moveable bones
20 terms
Chapter 11: The Muscular System
Origin
Insertion
How do skeletal muscles produce moveme…
Bones serve as levers
the attachment to the stationary bone
the attachment of the moveable bone
tendons attach to and pull on bones, and movement occurs
the lever is acted on by load and effort
Origin
the attachment to the stationary bone
Insertion
the attachment of the moveable bone
109 terms
Chapter 11 - The Muscular System
Buccinator
Mentalis
Orbicularis oris
Zygomaticus major
Compresses cheeks
Elevates and protrudes lower lips
Compresses, purses lips... Origin: Maxilla and mandible... Insertio…
Retracts and elevates corner of mouth
Buccinator
Compresses cheeks
Mentalis
Elevates and protrudes lower lips
68 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 11 and Module Review of Anatomy of the Muscular System
Endomysium
Perimysium
Fascicles
Epimysium
Delicate connective tissue membrane that surrounds an individ…
A tough, connective tissue surrounding fascicles (groups of m…
Groups of muscle fibers.
A coarse sheet of connective tissue that covers an entire mus…
Endomysium
Delicate connective tissue membrane that surrounds an individ…
Perimysium
A tough, connective tissue surrounding fascicles (groups of m…
13 terms
Muscular System - Chapter 11
The principle muscle causing a movemen…
The muscle opposite if the agonist is…
A muscle that assists the agonist is c…
A synergist that stabilizes the agonis…
agonist
antagonist
a synergist
a fixator
The principle muscle causing a movemen…
agonist
The muscle opposite if the agonist is…
antagonist
22 terms
Bio 233 chapter 11, 12, 13 physiology of the muscular system
General functions of the muscle system
Functional characteristics
Extensibility
Elasticity
-produce movement... -maintains posture... -stabilizes joints ... -pro…
-Excitability... -Contractility... -Extensibility ... -Elasticity
Can be stretched up to 20%. The opposite action to contraction.
Ability to return to shape
General functions of the muscle system
-produce movement... -maintains posture... -stabilizes joints ... -pro…
Functional characteristics
-Excitability... -Contractility... -Extensibility ... -Elasticity
155 terms
Muscular System Chapter 11
Belly
Origin & Insertion
Tenosynovitis
Lever systems & Leverage
Fleshy portion of the muscle in between attachment sites
Origin is the bone that does not move when muscle shortens &…
Inflammation of tendon and associated connective tissues at c…
Muscle acts on rigid bone that moves around a fixed point cal…
Belly
Fleshy portion of the muscle in between attachment sites
Origin & Insertion
Origin is the bone that does not move when muscle shortens &…
116 terms
Chapter 11: Muscular Tissue and Physiology
Muscles is essentially a device for do…
3 types of muscle
common characteristics that all muscle…
responsiveness
-converts chemical energy of ATP into the mechanical energy o…
-skeletal... -cardiac... -smooth
-responsiveness... -conduvtivity... -contractility... -extensibility... -…
-excitability... -when stimulates, muscle cells respond with ele…
Muscles is essentially a device for do…
-converts chemical energy of ATP into the mechanical energy o…
3 types of muscle
-skeletal... -cardiac... -smooth
98 terms
Chapter 11: Muscular Physiology
excitability (responsiveness)
conductivity
contractility
extensibility
to chemical signals, stretch, and electrical changes across t…
local electrical change triggers a wave of excitation that tr…
shortens when stimulated
capable of being stretched between contractions
excitability (responsiveness)
to chemical signals, stretch, and electrical changes across t…
conductivity
local electrical change triggers a wave of excitation that tr…
75 terms
Chapter 11 The Muscular System
Muscular System
How do skeletal muscles produce moveme…
When a muscle contracts...
Muscles that cross two joints...
Comprised of 700 individual skeletal muscles under voluntary…
Skeletal muscles produce movement by pulling on tendons, whic…
It usually draws one articulating bone toward another.
Have more complex actions than muscles that cross only one jo…
Muscular System
Comprised of 700 individual skeletal muscles under voluntary…
How do skeletal muscles produce moveme…
Skeletal muscles produce movement by pulling on tendons, whic…
18 terms
Chapter 11: The Muscular System
origin
insertion
lever
fulcrum
attachment of a tendon to a stationary bone; usually proximal
attachment of a tendon to a movable bone; usually pulled towa…
rigid structure that can move around a fixed point; bone
fixed point; joint
origin
attachment of a tendon to a stationary bone; usually proximal
insertion
attachment of a tendon to a movable bone; usually pulled towa…
7 terms
Chapter 11: The Muscular System
Parallel
Convergent
Pennate
Circular
- Tension depends on total number of myofibrils, directly rel…
- A broad area converges on attachment site (tendon or aponeu…
- Form an angle with the tendon... - Develop more tension than…
- Sphincters... - Protect entrances to the body
Parallel
- Tension depends on total number of myofibrils, directly rel…
Convergent
- A broad area converges on attachment site (tendon or aponeu…
129 terms
Chapter 11- Muscular system
fascicle
parallel muscles
aponeuroses
convergent muscle
bundles of muscle fibers in a skeletal muscle
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle and inc…
flat bands with broad attachments at each end
muscle fascicles EXTENDING over a broad area come together or…
fascicle
bundles of muscle fibers in a skeletal muscle
parallel muscles
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle and inc…
61 terms
Chapter 11 - Muscular System (Practical)
Erector Spinae... - spinalis ... -longissimu…
Splenius
Trapezius
Rhomboid major
O: Spinalis - spinous processes; Longissimus - transverse pro…
O: Spinous processes C7-T6... I: occipital - transverse processe…
O: Superior nuchal line ... I: spine of scapula... A: stabilize sca…
O: Spines of T2-T5... I: Vertebral border of scapula... A: Elevates…
Erector Spinae... - spinalis ... -longissimu…
O: Spinalis - spinous processes; Longissimus - transverse pro…
Splenius
O: Spinous processes C7-T6... I: occipital - transverse processe…
35 terms
Chapter 11 Muscular System
N: Frontalis... O: Galea Aponeurotica…
N: Orbicularis Oris... O: Mandible &…
N: Temporalis... O: Temporal bone... *I:…
N: Sternocleidomastoid... O: Sternum…
N: Frontalis... O: Galea Aponeurotica…
N: Orbicularis Oris... O: Mandible &…
118 terms
Chapter 11 - The Muscular System
How do muscles produce movement?
Origin
Insertion
Origin (Biceps)
By exerting force on tendons which in turn pull on bones. One…
Attachment site. Stationary bone. Proximal.
The point of attachment of a skeletal muscle to the bone or o…
Scapula
How do muscles produce movement?
By exerting force on tendons which in turn pull on bones. One…
Origin
Attachment site. Stationary bone. Proximal.
132 terms
Chapter 11: Muscular System
muscular sytem
Tendons; origin; insertion
origin
insertion
Skeletal muscle system
Most muscles span a joint and connect to both articulating bo…
tendon attachment to the bone that does NOT move
tendon attachment to the bone that DOES move
muscular sytem
Skeletal muscle system
Tendons; origin; insertion
Most muscles span a joint and connect to both articulating bo…
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