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Study sets matching "physiology muscular system"

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Study sets matching "physiology muscular system"

10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Muscular System
Bicep
Tricep
Pectorals
Abdominals
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
These muscles are located at the front of the chest.
These muscles are in the middle of the body below the pectora…
Bicep
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
Tricep
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
90 terms
The Muscular System/ Muscular Physiology
What is the significance of a muscle c…
Which two muscle types are under auton…
The cytoskeleton of muscle cells is or…
A myofibril is a bundle of what?
It is capable of response to chemical and electrical signals,…
Cardiac and smooth muscle.
Myofibrils.
Myofilaments.
What is the significance of a muscle c…
It is capable of response to chemical and electrical signals,…
Which two muscle types are under auton…
Cardiac and smooth muscle.
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology : Muscular System
Endomysium
Epimysium
perimysium
fascicle
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
connective tissue surronding a fascicle
A discrete bundle of muscle cells
Endomysium
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
Epimysium
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Temporalis
Masseter
Closes eye
Closes lips
Elevates mandible
Elevates mandible
Orbicularis Oculi
Closes eye
Orbicularis Oris
Closes lips
21 terms
Muscular System Physiology
myosin
actin
tropomyosin
troponin complex
Enzyme/protein (subclass of ATPase) that interacts with anoth…
Enzyme/protein that interacts with another protein (myosin) t…
Protein that is coiled around the actin filaments. Tropomyosi…
Protein complex that attaches tropomyosin coils around the ac…
myosin
Enzyme/protein (subclass of ATPase) that interacts with anoth…
actin
Enzyme/protein that interacts with another protein (myosin) t…
48 terms
Physiology of Muscular System
function of muscular system
characteristics of skeletal muscle
sarcolemma
sarcoplasmic reticulum
movement... heat production... posture
1. Excitability - ability to be stimulated... 2. Contractility -…
plasma membrane
holds calcium... -T-tubules:network of tubules and sacs found wi…
function of muscular system
movement... heat production... posture
characteristics of skeletal muscle
1. Excitability - ability to be stimulated... 2. Contractility -…
50 terms
Muscular System Interactive Physiology
Three types of muscle cells
Four characteristics that determine mu…
(responsiveness) ability of cell to…
contractility
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
Excitability
...
Three types of muscle cells
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
Four characteristics that determine mu…
excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
18 terms
Muscular System Physiology
all-or-none principle
motor unit
twitch
incomplete tetanus
The idea that once the threshold has been crossed, either an…
consists of a motor neuron and all the muscle fibers it contr…
A single quick, jerky muscular contraction from a single nerv…
a series of contractions that occurs in response to a series…
all-or-none principle
The idea that once the threshold has been crossed, either an…
motor unit
consists of a motor neuron and all the muscle fibers it contr…
82 terms
Muscular System Microstructure + Physiology
overall functions
characteristics
smooth muscle
cardiac
lining of blood vessels= smooth muscle... motion... posture/suppor…
contractible... excitable- tissue that responds to nerve stimulu…
Walls of hollow organs, blood vessels, eyes, glands, and skin…
cylindrical and branched... striated, involuntary, can be sponta…
overall functions
lining of blood vessels= smooth muscle... motion... posture/suppor…
characteristics
contractible... excitable- tissue that responds to nerve stimulu…
36 terms
Muscular System - Physiology
Three types of muscle tissue
Functions of Skeletal Muscle
Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle Tis…
Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle
- body movement... - maintenance of posture... - protection and sup…
Excitability: responsive to nervous system stimulation... Conduc…
- composed of muscle cells as long as the muscle (referred to…
Three types of muscle tissue
skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle
Functions of Skeletal Muscle
- body movement... - maintenance of posture... - protection and sup…
145 terms
Muscular System: Anatomy and Physiology
Muscle organization affects?
Fascicles:
Classification of skeletal muscles is…
Four patterns of fascicle organization…
Power, range and speed of muscle movement
Muscle cell (fibers) that are organized in bundles.
The way fascicles are organized and by relationships of fasci…
1. Parallel... 2. Convergent... 3. Pennate ... 4. Circular
Muscle organization affects?
Power, range and speed of muscle movement
Fascicles:
Muscle cell (fibers) that are organized in bundles.
34 terms
Physiology of the Muscular System
muscle tissue function
skeletal muscle fiber characteristic o…
order of arrangement of skeletal muscl…
myofilament proteins
movement, heat production, and posture
responding to nerve signals
fiber, myofibril, myofilament
troponin, tropomyosin
muscle tissue function
movement, heat production, and posture
skeletal muscle fiber characteristic o…
responding to nerve signals
44 terms
Muscular system
brachi/o
burs/o
chir/o
contract/o
arm
bursa
hand
pull together
brachi/o
arm
burs/o
bursa
81 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Muscular System
Abduction
Adduction
Actin
Acetylcholine
movement of the limb or structure away from the median plane…
movement of the limb or structure toward the median plane of…
thin protein filament
neurotransmitter used during neuromuscular junction
Abduction
movement of the limb or structure away from the median plane…
Adduction
movement of the limb or structure toward the median plane of…
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Muscular System
frontal belly
occipital belly
epicranial aponeurosis
orbicularis oculi
frontal belly
occipital belly
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
Sarcolemma
Myofibrils, Transverse Tubules, Sarcop…
Transverse Tubules and Sarcoplasmic re…
Myofibrils
Cell membrane that encloses each muscle cell
All of these are organelles of the sarcoplasm
Store and release calcium ions
Cylindrical organelles that make up about 80% of fiber's volume
Sarcolemma
Cell membrane that encloses each muscle cell
Myofibrils, Transverse Tubules, Sarcop…
All of these are organelles of the sarcoplasm
44 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Muscular System
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Produce movement, maintain posture, st…
Sacromere
Smooth Muscle
3 Basic Muscle Types:
Function of Skeletal Muscles
Contractile unit of a muscle fiber.
Uni-nucleate, involuntary, no striations.
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
3 Basic Muscle Types:
Produce movement, maintain posture, st…
Function of Skeletal Muscles
Muscular System (Anatomy and Physiology)
Frontalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Zygomaticus Major
Zygomaticus Minor
Action: elevation of eyebrows... creases skin of forehead... moves…
Action: Closes eyelids (blink/wink)... Origin: Frontal bone... Max…
Action: Elevation of corner of mouth (smile)... Origin: Zygomat…
Action: Elevation of upper lip... Produces nasolabial furrow... Or…
Frontalis
Action: elevation of eyebrows... creases skin of forehead... moves…
Orbicularis Oculi
Action: Closes eyelids (blink/wink)... Origin: Frontal bone... Max…
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular system
Muscular system
Things muscle cells must exhibit (CECEE)
Muscle cells ( REMEMBER HER PICTURE)
Muscle cross Section (LOOK AT HER PICT…
Group of cells working together... - striated skeletal... - smooth…
1. Excitability... --ability to respond to stimulus. If voltage…
-Muscle Tissue made up of many muscle cells... -- EX: Tendon con…
Her picture is a cross section of muscle cell... --Epimysium- Co…
Muscular system
Group of cells working together... - striated skeletal... - smooth…
Things muscle cells must exhibit (CECEE)
1. Excitability... --ability to respond to stimulus. If voltage…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular system
Frontalis
Orbicularis oris
Orbicularis oculi
Occipitofrontalis
Frontalis
Orbicularis oris
49 terms
Muscular System Physiology
What is the difference between origin…
What do flexor muscles do?
What do extensor muscles do?
What determines how much you can lift?
Origin: Where muscles are anchored... Insertion: Bone that moves…
Bend ... Ex: Bicep Brachii
Straighten... Ex: Triceps Brachii
The number of muscle fibers contracting
What is the difference between origin…
Origin: Where muscles are anchored... Insertion: Bone that moves…
What do flexor muscles do?
Bend ... Ex: Bicep Brachii
23 terms
Muscle Physiology and the Muscular System
Endomysium
Perimysium
Epimysium
Muscle reparation
Separates individual muscle fibers from one another
Separates 10-100 muscle fibers into bundles called fascicles
Outermost layer ... surrounds numerous bundles of fascicles
Muscles heal with foreign tissue including collagen. The resu…
Endomysium
Separates individual muscle fibers from one another
Perimysium
Separates 10-100 muscle fibers into bundles called fascicles
39 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System
Abduction
Adduction
Actin
Acetylcholine
movement of the limb or structure away from the median plane…
movement of the limb or structure toward the median plane of…
thin protein filament
neurotransmitter used during neuromuscular junction
Abduction
movement of the limb or structure away from the median plane…
Adduction
movement of the limb or structure toward the median plane of…
52 terms
Muscular System interactive Physiology
skeletal, smooth, cardiac
shape, nuclei, striation, voluntary vs…
epimysium
perimysium
three types of muscles
four characteristics determing muscle cell classification
conective tissue surrounding the muscle
conective tissue surrounding the fascicle
skeletal, smooth, cardiac
three types of muscles
shape, nuclei, striation, voluntary vs…
four characteristics determing muscle cell classification
59 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Muscular System
skeletal
smooth
cardiac
striations
muscle tissue that is attached to bones, contains striated ce…
muscle tissue that is involuntary; doesn't contain striated c…
muscle tissue that is involuntary and contains striated cells…
stripes in the skeletal and cardiac tissues that cause muscle…
skeletal
muscle tissue that is attached to bones, contains striated ce…
smooth
muscle tissue that is involuntary; doesn't contain striated c…
24 terms
Physiology Muscular System
3 functions of muscular system
System does not include which two type…
How many skeletal muscles in body?
Work done by avg person in avg day?
Skeletal movement, body pressure/support, Generate heat/maint…
Smooth and cardiac
Over 600
Lifting 24,000 lbs to a 4 ft shelf
3 functions of muscular system
Skeletal movement, body pressure/support, Generate heat/maint…
System does not include which two type…
Smooth and cardiac
58 terms
HAP Muscular System (Physiology)
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle Fiber
Attached to the body's skeleton... Striated (fibers appear to be…
No striations... Lines the walls of hollow visceral organs (stom…
Found only in the heart... Striated... Involuntary... Branching chains…
Is one cell, bundles of them make up the muscle itself
Skeletal Muscle
Attached to the body's skeleton... Striated (fibers appear to be…
Smooth Muscle
No striations... Lines the walls of hollow visceral organs (stom…
44 terms
*Anatomy & Physiology of the Muscular System
*type of muscle that has striations an…
least moveable attachment of a muscle…
ability of muscle to stretch without h…
*rhythmic contractions and relaxations…
cardiac... striated... smooth... cardiac
origin... insertion
plasticity
peristalsis
*type of muscle that has striations an…
cardiac... striated... smooth... cardiac
least moveable attachment of a muscle…
origin... insertion
23 terms
Muscular System Interactive Physiology
Three types of muscle cells
fascicle
myofibril
Actin
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
bundle of muscle cells surrounded by perimysium
protein; this is the contractile unit of muscle
is the composition of thin filaments
Three types of muscle cells
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
fascicle
bundle of muscle cells surrounded by perimysium
33 terms
Muscular System Physiology
Skeletal muscle
Epimysium, perimysium, and endomysium
Epimysium
Perimysium
Thousands of muscles cells; organized into bundles known as f…
Connective tissue components
Surrounds whole skeletal muscle
Dense irregular tissue surrounding the fascicles
Skeletal muscle
Thousands of muscles cells; organized into bundles known as f…
Epimysium, perimysium, and endomysium
Connective tissue components
15 terms
Muscular System - Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Sphincter
Attached to bone, striated,and voluntary
Visceral, involuntary, found in digestive uterus and blood ve…
Striated,involuntary, fused cells, branched, found in the heart
Circular,located in urethra,intestines, mouth, anus
Skeletal Muscle
Attached to bone, striated,and voluntary
Smooth Muscle
Visceral, involuntary, found in digestive uterus and blood ve…
25 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System
functions of muscles
properties of muscles
regulatory proteins of muscle
structural proteins of muscle
movement, maintain positions, moving and storing substances,…
electrical excitability, contractility, elasticity, and exten…
troponin and tropomyosin
dystrophin, myomesin, and titan
functions of muscles
movement, maintain positions, moving and storing substances,…
properties of muscles
electrical excitability, contractility, elasticity, and exten…
58 terms
Muscular System Anatomy & Physiology
three types of muscle
skeletal muscle characteristic
smooth muscle characteristic
cardiac muscle characteristic
skeletal/striated, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
striated, and voluntary
involuntary, glistens and is smooth
deals with signals, control centers
three types of muscle
skeletal/striated, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
skeletal muscle characteristic
striated, and voluntary
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Temporalis
Masseter
Closes eye
Closes lips
Elevates mandible
Elevates mandible
Orbicularis Oculi
Closes eye
Orbicularis Oris
Closes lips
60 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Muscular System
Bony Joint/Synostosis
Fibrous Joint/ Synarthrosis
3 kinds of fibrous joints
Amphiarthrosis
an immobile joint formed when the gap between two bones ossif…
which adjacent bones are bound by collagen fibers that emerge…
Sutures, Gomphoses, Syndesmoses. ... In sutures and gomphoses th…
two bones are linked by cartilage
Bony Joint/Synostosis
an immobile joint formed when the gap between two bones ossif…
Fibrous Joint/ Synarthrosis
which adjacent bones are bound by collagen fibers that emerge…
12 terms
Physiology Flashcards: Muscular System: Arm
pronator quadratus
supinator
extensor carpi radialis longus
identify the flexor carpi ulnaris (pos…
origin: ulna (distal end)... insertion: radius (distal)... action:…
origin: humerus & ulna (proximal end)... insertion: radius... actio…
origin: humerus... insertion: metacarpal... action: extend and abdu…
pronator quadratus
origin: ulna (distal end)... insertion: radius (distal)... action:…
supinator
origin: humerus & ulna (proximal end)... insertion: radius... actio…
64 terms
Physiology-Muscular system
Skeletal muscle
Where are skeletal muscles attached?
Origin
Insertion
-Attached to bones... -multiple Nuclei and peripherally located…
- Usually attached to bones by tendons (collagen)
Closest to the trunk or to more stationary bone.
More distal or more mobile attachment
Skeletal muscle
-Attached to bones... -multiple Nuclei and peripherally located…
Where are skeletal muscles attached?
- Usually attached to bones by tendons (collagen)
18 terms
Physiology Flashcards: Muscular System: Leg
Satoris "Tailor's" muscle, crosses leg
Gracilis (exaggerated girly walk)
Tensor Fasciae Latae & *iliotibial tra…
Adductor longus
origin: anterior superior iliac spine... insertion: tibia (media…
origin: pubic bone... insertion: tibia... action: adduct thigh, fle…
origin: iliac crest... insertion: iliotibial tract/ tibia... acti…
origin: pubic bone... insertion: femur... action: adducts, flexes &…
Satoris "Tailor's" muscle, crosses leg
origin: anterior superior iliac spine... insertion: tibia (media…
Gracilis (exaggerated girly walk)
origin: pubic bone... insertion: tibia... action: adduct thigh, fle…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
Functions of skeletal muscle
Gross anatomy
muscle cells
fascicle
movement, maintain posture and body position, support soft ti…
composed of many cells called muscle fibers arranded in budle…
muscle fibers, myofibers
bundle of muscle cell
Functions of skeletal muscle
movement, maintain posture and body position, support soft ti…
Gross anatomy
composed of many cells called muscle fibers arranded in budle…
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Temporalis
Masseter
Closes eye
Closes lips
Elevates mandible
Elevates mandible
Orbicularis Oculi
Closes eye
Orbicularis Oris
Closes lips
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular system
Frontalis
Orbicularis oris
Orbicularis oculi
Masseter
Frontalis
Orbicularis oris
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Adduction
Abduction
Cutaneous Trunci
Masseter
causes skin to twitch
Adduction
Abduction
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Temporalis
Occipitalis
Frontalis
Masseter
Elevates mandible
Forehead
Elevates mandible
Temporalis
Elevates mandible
Occipitalis
25 terms
Human Physiology - The Muscular System
temporalis
masseter
platysma
frontalis
temporalis
masseter
32 terms
Muscular System Interactive Physiology
Three types of skeletal muscle cells
four characteristics that determine mu…
epimysium
perimysium
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
excitability, extensibility, contractility, elasticity
outer covering of a muscle
surrounds fascicles
Three types of skeletal muscle cells
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
four characteristics that determine mu…
excitability, extensibility, contractility, elasticity
31 terms
Muscular System Interactive Physiology
cardiac, smooth, skeletal
excitability, contractibility, extensi…
perimysium
epimysium
list the three types of muscles
what four characteristics determine muscle cell classification?
surrounds fascicle or bundles of muscle fibers
surrounds whole or entire muscle
cardiac, smooth, skeletal
list the three types of muscles
excitability, contractibility, extensi…
what four characteristics determine muscle cell classification?
102 terms
Physiology: Muscular System
Three types of muscle tissue
Smooth muscle contracts like
The autonomic nervous system controls…
The only voluntary muscle type
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
a closed fist
cardiac and smooth
Skeletal
Three types of muscle tissue
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
Smooth muscle contracts like
a closed fist
27 terms
Muscular System: Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscles
Skeletal Muscle cell is known as
connected to bone... helps with the movement of the body ... volunt…
surrounds various organs and tubes ... blood vessels- lining of…
heart muscle ... involuntary
muscle fiber
Skeletal Muscle
connected to bone... helps with the movement of the body ... volunt…
Smooth Muscle
surrounds various organs and tubes ... blood vessels- lining of…
28 terms
muscular system anatomy and physiology
muscle in the human body
skeleton muscle function
muscle contraction
types of muscle contractions
skeletal-connected to bone, responsible for moving the skelet…
muscles pull on bones to allow movement (producing force)... mai…
provide the basis for all human movement
static/isometric... eccentric (lengthening) ... concentric (shorten…
muscle in the human body
skeletal-connected to bone, responsible for moving the skelet…
skeleton muscle function
muscles pull on bones to allow movement (producing force)... mai…
89 terms
Muscular System: Histology and Physiology
General Properties of Muscle
Skeletal Muscle Structure
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
-Contractility-ability to shorten with force... -Excitability- a…
-composed of muscle cells (fibers), connective tissue, blood…
long, cylindrical cells, multinucleated.... develop from myoblas…
spindle shaped cells. walls of hollow organs, blood vessels,…
General Properties of Muscle
-Contractility-ability to shorten with force... -Excitability- a…
Skeletal Muscle Structure
-composed of muscle cells (fibers), connective tissue, blood…
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