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Study sets matching "physiology muscular system"

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Study sets matching "physiology muscular system"

53 terms
Anatomy and physiology- muscular system
Myology
Muscular system
Number of muscles in the body
Types of muscle tissue
The study of The nature, structure, function, and diseases of…
Covers, shapes, and supports the skeletal tissue. Contains fi…
630, which accounts for approximately 40% of the body's weigh…
Striated muscles, non-striated muscles, cardiac muscle.
Myology
The study of The nature, structure, function, and diseases of…
Muscular system
Covers, shapes, and supports the skeletal tissue. Contains fi…
120 terms
The Muscular System: Histology and Physiology
movement, posture, and heat production
skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and s…
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
The muscles system provides:
There are three kinds of muscle:
movement, posture, and heat production
The muscles system provides:
skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and s…
There are three kinds of muscle:
65 terms
anatomy and physiology the muscular system
Skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
excitability
muscle also called voluntary muscle, activated by reflexes... on…
only found in the heart.... involuntary, banded appearance... figur…
lines walls of all hallow organs. ... involuntary
responsiveness; the ability of a cell to receive and respond…
Skeletal muscle
muscle also called voluntary muscle, activated by reflexes... on…
cardiac muscle
only found in the heart.... involuntary, banded appearance... figur…
18 terms
Physiology Muscular System
External Obliques
Internal Obliques
Transverse Abdominis
External Intercostal
Bends spine and compresses ribs
Eyes roll up and to the sides
Compresses abdomin
Elevates ribs
External Obliques
Bends spine and compresses ribs
Internal Obliques
Eyes roll up and to the sides
76 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System Identification
Right Adductor longus
Right Adductor magnus
Right Biceps brachii
Right Biceps femoris
Right Adductor longus
Right Adductor magnus
44 terms
Muscular System Physiology
Four main functions of muscular system
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth muscle
Provides movement of body and its parts... Maintains posture... Gen…
Attached to bones (some facial bones to skin)... Striations... Nerv…
Walls of heart... Striations ... Nervous system and hormones contro…
Walls of hollow visceral organs... No striations... Nervous system,…
Four main functions of muscular system
Provides movement of body and its parts... Maintains posture... Gen…
Skeletal Muscle
Attached to bones (some facial bones to skin)... Striations... Nerv…
169 terms
Physiology of the Muscular System
Abdominal and pelvic
Sphincters
Striated ; Multinucleated ; Voluntary
Proteins ; Glycogen
One of the six functions of skeletal muscle tissue is to supp…
The rings of muscle that helps guard the entrances and exits…
Name the 3 physical characteristics of skeletal muscle tissue.
One of the six functions of skeletal muscle tissue is to stor…
Abdominal and pelvic
One of the six functions of skeletal muscle tissue is to supp…
Sphincters
The rings of muscle that helps guard the entrances and exits…
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System
Biceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
Obicularis Oculi
Masseter
anterior upper arm
posterior upper arm
encircles the eye
jaw or mandible
Biceps Brachii
anterior upper arm
Triceps Brachii
posterior upper arm
37 terms
muscular system physiology
5 functions of the skeletal muscles
excitability
contractility
extensibility
movement, posture and body position, support soft tissues, gu…
ability to receive and respond to stimuli
ability to shorten
ability to stretch
5 functions of the skeletal muscles
movement, posture and body position, support soft tissues, gu…
excitability
ability to receive and respond to stimuli
126 terms
Muscular system: Histology and Physiology
Skeletal muscle system functions
Body movement
Maintenance of posture
Respiration
Body movement, maintenance of posture, respiration, productio…
Almost every skeletal muscle is attached to a bone; in order…
Holding body upright, head upright, when sitting/standing; Ke…
Large skeletal muscle (diaphragm) involved in breathing as we…
Skeletal muscle system functions
Body movement, maintenance of posture, respiration, productio…
Body movement
Almost every skeletal muscle is attached to a bone; in order…
50 terms
The Muscular System Physiology
Calcium
Triad
T-Tubules
Ratchet
needed to maintain normal contractions; stored in the sarcopl…
where T Tubules come in contact with SR
interruptions in the membrane
initiated by calcium release into sarcoplasm. Moves forward i…
Calcium
needed to maintain normal contractions; stored in the sarcopl…
Triad
where T Tubules come in contact with SR
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology : Muscular System
Endomysium
Epimysium
perimysium
fascicle
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
connective tissue surronding a fascicle
A discrete bundle of muscle cells
Endomysium
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
Epimysium
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
23 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Muscular System
Frontals
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Masseter
Origin- Cranial Aponeurosis... Insertion- Eyebrows & Root of Nos…
Origin- Frontal & Maxillary bones... Insertion- Tissue of eyelid…
Origin- Maxillary bones and Mandible... Insertion- Muscle & Skin…
Origin- Zygomatic arch... Insertion- Mandible... Action- closes jaw…
Frontals
Origin- Cranial Aponeurosis... Insertion- Eyebrows & Root of Nos…
Orbicularis Oculi
Origin- Frontal & Maxillary bones... Insertion- Tissue of eyelid…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Muscles of the Neck
Sternocleido-mastoid
Muscles of Shoulder (Pectoral Girdle)
Pectoralis Minor
Sternocleido-mastoid
Origin: Sternum... Insertion: Mastoid Process (of Temporal Bone)…
Pectoralis Minor... Trapezius... Rhomboids
Origin: Ribs... Insertion: Scapula... Action: Moves scapula forward…
Muscles of the Neck
Sternocleido-mastoid
Sternocleido-mastoid
Origin: Sternum... Insertion: Mastoid Process (of Temporal Bone)…
44 terms
Anatomy and physiology, muscular system
Perimysium
Fascicle
Sarcomere
Fiber
connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscle cells
Bundle of muscle cells
contractile unit of muscle
a muscle cell
Perimysium
connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscle cells
Fascicle
Bundle of muscle cells
19 terms
MUSCULAR SYSTEM (physiology)
tendon
ligaments
muscle belly
origin
cordlike structures that attach muscles to bones
cross joints and attach bone to bone
enlarged fleshy body of the muscle between the slender points…
part of the muscle attached to more immovable structure
tendon
cordlike structures that attach muscles to bones
ligaments
cross joints and attach bone to bone
47 terms
Muscular System Interactive Physiology
What are the 3 types of muscle cells?
What 4 characteristics determine muscl…
What does epimysium surround?
What does perimysium surround?
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
excitability(irritability), contractibility, extensibility, e…
covers entire muscle
covers individual fasicles
What are the 3 types of muscle cells?
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
What 4 characteristics determine muscl…
excitability(irritability), contractibility, extensibility, e…
Muscular System Physiology
Movement
Posture and Position
Constriction of Organs and Vessels
Guard Entrances and Exits
Functions of Muscular System: center of gravity is around bel…
Functions of Muscular System: muscles working to keep us stea…
Functions of Muscular System: example: arteries get stretched…
Functions of Muscular System: example: babies spit up because…
Movement
Functions of Muscular System: center of gravity is around bel…
Posture and Position
Functions of Muscular System: muscles working to keep us stea…
53 terms
Physiology 2016 - Muscular System
muscular system
characteristics of muscle tissue
myo and sarco prefixes
smooth (visceral) (muscle tissue)
functions : body movement, maintaining posture, stabilizing j…
1. all muscle cells are elongated, so they are called muscle…
refer to muscle
involuntary, controlled by medulla (brain part)... located in wa…
muscular system
functions : body movement, maintaining posture, stabilizing j…
characteristics of muscle tissue
1. all muscle cells are elongated, so they are called muscle…
38 terms
physiology muscular system
describe skeletal muscle
how do muscles work with eachother
what are the two types of muscles in a…
what are the properties of muscle
Voluntary movement ... many nuclei ... Over 600 skeletal muscles…
they work in pairs
Agonist: initiates the desired movement. This muscle will usu…
Elasticity: allows muscle to stretch, but retain to its origi…
describe skeletal muscle
Voluntary movement ... many nuclei ... Over 600 skeletal muscles…
how do muscles work with eachother
they work in pairs
26 terms
Physiology: Muscular System
Connects/Pulls on Bones
Holds Your Bones Tight Enough to be in…
Chemical Activity in Muscle Cells Gene…
Cardiac, Smooth
How does the muscular system affect the skeletal movement?
How does the muscular system provide body posture (support)?
How does the muscular system generate heat?
This system does not include ____ and _____ muscles.
Connects/Pulls on Bones
How does the muscular system affect the skeletal movement?
Holds Your Bones Tight Enough to be in…
How does the muscular system provide body posture (support)?
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
peristalsis
cardiac muscle
voluntary or striated; attaches to bone; stimulated consciously
involuntary or visceral; single nucleus; controlled by autono…
alternating contraction of smooth muscle cells which allow or…
muscle of the heart
skeletal muscle
voluntary or striated; attaches to bone; stimulated consciously
smooth muscle
involuntary or visceral; single nucleus; controlled by autono…
32 terms
Anatomy and physiology muscular system
Cutaneous trunci
Superficial pectoral
Deep pectoral
Brachiocephalicus
Thin muscle that covers dorsal, lateral, and ventral walls of…
Origin: cranial sternum... Insertion: greater tubercle of humeru…
Origin: sternum... Insertion: greater tubercle of humerus... Action…
Origin: clavicular intersection... Insertion: ulna, mastoid, dor…
Cutaneous trunci
Thin muscle that covers dorsal, lateral, and ventral walls of…
Superficial pectoral
Origin: cranial sternum... Insertion: greater tubercle of humeru…
203 terms
Anatomy and physiology - muscular system
what causes cells to lengthen an short…
what is the function of muscle tissue?
give an example of ectotherm
what is an individual that gets its he…
protein filament (myofilaments) composing cytoskeleton
movement, support boy (maintain posture), stabilize joints, p…
reptiles
endotherm
what causes cells to lengthen an short…
protein filament (myofilaments) composing cytoskeleton
what is the function of muscle tissue?
movement, support boy (maintain posture), stabilize joints, p…
48 terms
Animal Physiology- Muscular System
What is the largest organ system?
Three Types
Stages of Muscle Cycle
Skeletal Muscle
muscles (40-50% of body composition)
1. Cardiac... 2. Skeletal... 3. Smooth
1. latent period... 2. period of contraction... 3. period of relaxa…
voluntary striated muscle
What is the largest organ system?
muscles (40-50% of body composition)
Three Types
1. Cardiac... 2. Skeletal... 3. Smooth
62 terms
Physiology: Muscular System
Lower motor neuron of the somatic nerv…
Neuromuscular Junction
Motor end plate
It increases surface area and allows f…
What is used to control the contractions of skeletal muscle c…
What is a chemical synapse between lower motor neurons and mu…
What is the place on the sarcolemma where the neuromuscular j…
Why is the motor end plate extensively folded?
Lower motor neuron of the somatic nerv…
What is used to control the contractions of skeletal muscle c…
Neuromuscular Junction
What is a chemical synapse between lower motor neurons and mu…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- muscular system
prime movers
antagonists
synergists
fixators
agonists... -provide the major force for producing a specific mo…
oppose or reverse a particular movement... -keep prime mover in…
-add force to movement... -reduce undesirable or unnecessary mov…
synergists that immobilize a bone or muscle's origin
prime movers
agonists... -provide the major force for producing a specific mo…
antagonists
oppose or reverse a particular movement... -keep prime mover in…
42 terms
Muscular System: Physiology
Connective Tissue Coverings
Fascia
what is facia over a sheet?
what does the fascia blend with?
fascia, epimysium, perimysium, endomysium
dense conn. that separate individual skeletal muscle, hold po…
aponeuroses
epimysium
Connective Tissue Coverings
fascia, epimysium, perimysium, endomysium
Fascia
dense conn. that separate individual skeletal muscle, hold po…
214 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscular System
Movement
Stability
Communication
Control of body opening
-Generate focus to move bones ... -Generate force to move body c…
-Muscle tone resists force of gravity and hooks stabilize som…
-Speaking, writing, facial expressions, etc...
Sphincter muscles control openings of eyes, mouth, digestive…
Movement
-Generate focus to move bones ... -Generate force to move body c…
Stability
-Muscle tone resists force of gravity and hooks stabilize som…
56 terms
Ch. 9 Physiology of Muscular System
3 functions of muscular system
movement
heat production
what percent of skeletal muscle produc…
movement, heat production, posture
part of the body at a joint, entire body... Organs- move within…
skeletal muscle; breaks down molecules
85%
3 functions of muscular system
movement, heat production, posture
movement
part of the body at a joint, entire body... Organs- move within…
49 terms
Muscular System Histology and Physiology
Muscular System Functions
properties of muscle
Muscle layers
Muscular Fascia
movement, maintenance of posture, respiration, body heat, com…
1) contractility (shorten with force)... 2) excitability (respon…
epimysium... perimysium (surounds a fasiculus)... endomysium
connective tissue sheet external to epimysium (holds muscles…
Muscular System Functions
movement, maintenance of posture, respiration, body heat, com…
properties of muscle
1) contractility (shorten with force)... 2) excitability (respon…
139 terms
Physiology Ch. 6 Muscular System
Essential Function
5 Functions
Skeletal Muscles (Striated)
Cardiac Muscles (Heart)
To contract and shorten. (640)
Produce movement, Stabilize joints, generate heat, protect or…
Function- Voluntary. ... Location- Attached to bone or skin.... Cel…
Function- Involuntary, acts as pumps and propels blood into v…
Essential Function
To contract and shorten. (640)
5 Functions
Produce movement, Stabilize joints, generate heat, protect or…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Muscular system
Sphincter
Skeletal Muscle Function
3 types of muscle tissue
Perimysium
Circular muscle, Fascicles are concentrically arranged around…
Guard entrances and exits, Maintain body temperature, Provide…
Smooth, Cardiac, Skeletal
Connective tissue partition that separates adjacent fasciculi…
Sphincter
Circular muscle, Fascicles are concentrically arranged around…
Skeletal Muscle Function
Guard entrances and exits, Maintain body temperature, Provide…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of Muscular System
muscles
cardiac, skeletal, smooth
voluntary muscles
involuntary muscle
bundles of parallel muscle tissue fibers; produce movement th…
three types of muscle tissue
muscles for which a person consciously chooses to contract an…
muscles under the control of the subconscious regions of the…
muscles
bundles of parallel muscle tissue fibers; produce movement th…
cardiac, skeletal, smooth
three types of muscle tissue
9 terms
Physiology- Muscular system
what is Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy?
DMD pathogenesis
what is the role of Dystrophin?
Mild (Becker) Dystrophy
- genetic disease that effects the dystrophin protein ... - dise…
- DMD gene abnormality thus does not produce DMD protein
- skeletal and cardiac muscle it strengthens muscle fibers an…
- large deletion but reading frame is left intact thus not as…
what is Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy?
- genetic disease that effects the dystrophin protein ... - dise…
DMD pathogenesis
- DMD gene abnormality thus does not produce DMD protein
43 terms
physiology muscular system quiz
sensory nerve endings (type la) that a…
Sensory nerve endings (type ll) that a…
Predominantly innervates nuclear bag i…
Predominantly innervates nuclear chain…
Primary ending
Secondary ending
Gamma-dynamic (gamma-d)
Gamma-static (gamma-s)
sensory nerve endings (type la) that a…
Primary ending
Sensory nerve endings (type ll) that a…
Secondary ending
88 terms
Physiology CH 7- The Muscular System
Muscular system
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle
Is controlled by conscious mind and moves the bones of the sk…
Found only in one place in the body, the heart.... Involuntary s…
Is found all over the body in places such as the eyes, the ai…
Muscular system
Skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
Is controlled by conscious mind and moves the bones of the sk…
37 terms
Muscular System Interactive Physiology
List the three types of muscle cells
What four characteristics determine mu…
What do the following connective tissu…
What is a fascicle?
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
1. Whole muscle... 2. Fascicles... 3. Individual muscle fibers
Groups of muscle fibers
List the three types of muscle cells
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
What four characteristics determine mu…
Excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
Excitability
Contractility
Elasticity
Extensibility
Ability to respond to stimuli.
Muscle cell's ability to move by shortening
The property of returning to an initial form or state followi…
Is the ability of a muscle cell to recoil and resume its rest…
Excitability
Ability to respond to stimuli.
Contractility
Muscle cell's ability to move by shortening
25 terms
Physiology of the Muscular System (Anatomy)
Produces movement
maintain body position and posture
support soft tissue
guard entrance and exits
skeletal muscle contractions pull on tendons and move bones o…
continuous muscle contractions maintain body posture
abdominal wall and floor of pelvic cavity consist of layer of…
skeletal muscles encircle openings to the digestive and urina…
Produces movement
skeletal muscle contractions pull on tendons and move bones o…
maintain body position and posture
continuous muscle contractions maintain body posture
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System
define the function of a tendon
what are aponeuroses?
what are the six functions of the musc…
what are the four basic properties of…
connects muscle to bone
broad tendinous sheets
-skeletal movement... -maintains posture... -stabilizes joints and…
-excitability... -contractility... -extensibility... -elasticity
define the function of a tendon
connects muscle to bone
what are aponeuroses?
broad tendinous sheets
77 terms
Anatomy and Physiology---> Muscular System
Fascia
Motor unit
Involuntary muscle
Striated muscle
The protective connective tissue surrounding a muscle to sepa…
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
A muscle that moves without conscious thought.... Ex: Your Heart…
Alternating light and dark cross bands of a myofibril... Ex: Fou…
Fascia
The protective connective tissue surrounding a muscle to sepa…
Motor unit
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Muscular System
What is the most essential function of…
Cardiac Muscle Cells
Skeletal Muscle Cells
Smooth Muscle Cell
It's most essential function is contraction and in doing so i…
Striated, involuntary and has intercalated discs//Walls of th…
Striated, voluntary (however may be involuntary if activated…
Flat, non striated, involuntary//Mostly in walls of hollow vi…
What is the most essential function of…
It's most essential function is contraction and in doing so i…
Cardiac Muscle Cells
Striated, involuntary and has intercalated discs//Walls of th…
Physiology of the Muscular System
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasm
Myofibrils
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Outer cell membrane of a muscle cell
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Elongated protein strands inside of muscle cell (fiber)... Prote…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum... Fills the clefts/space between m…
Sarcolemma
Outer cell membrane of a muscle cell
Sarcoplasm
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
21 terms
Physiology Muscular System
orbicularis oris
pectoralis major
external oblique
sternocleidomastoid
mouth
pecs (chest)
abdomen/side
neck muscles
orbicularis oris
mouth
pectoralis major
pecs (chest)
77 terms
Anatomy and Physiology---> Muscular System
Fascia
Motor unit
Involuntary muscle
Striated muscle
The protective connective tissue surrounding a muscle to sepa…
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
A muscle that moves without conscious thought.... Ex: Your Heart…
Alternating light and dark cross bands of a myofibril... Ex: Fou…
Fascia
The protective connective tissue surrounding a muscle to sepa…
Motor unit
The nerve fiber and all the muscles fibers it controls
45 terms
Anatomy physiology muscular system
Epimysium
Perimysium
Fascicle
Perimysium contains what
Layer collagen fibers surround entire muscle
Surrounds muscle fasicles
Bundle of muscle fibers
Blood vessels and nerves that supply the fascicles
Epimysium
Layer collagen fibers surround entire muscle
Perimysium
Surrounds muscle fasicles
57 terms
Muscular System Physiology
Acetylcholine
Actin
Action Potential
Aerobic Exercise
A neurotransmitter that binds at a motor end-plate to trigger…
A protein that makes up most of the thin myofilaments in a sa…
A change in voltage of a cell membrane in response to a stimu…
Any of various sustained exercises, as jogging, rowing, swimm…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter that binds at a motor end-plate to trigger…
Actin
A protein that makes up most of the thin myofilaments in a sa…
46 terms
Muscular System Physiology
Acetylocholine (ACh)
Actin
Action potential
Aerobic exercise
Neurotransmitter that binds at a motor end-plate to trigger d…
Protein that makes up most of the thin myofilaments in a sarc…
Change in voltage of a cell membrane in response to a stimulu…
Any of various sustained exercises
Acetylocholine (ACh)
Neurotransmitter that binds at a motor end-plate to trigger d…
Actin
Protein that makes up most of the thin myofilaments in a sarc…
46 terms
Muscular system physiology vocab
Acetylcholine
Actin
Action potential
Aerobic exercise
At the NMJ, the axon terminal releases a chemical messenger,…
Protein that makes up most of the thin myofilaments in a sarc…
Change in voltage of a cell membrane in response to a stimulu…
results in stronger, more flexible muscles with greater resis…
Acetylcholine
At the NMJ, the axon terminal releases a chemical messenger,…
Actin
Protein that makes up most of the thin myofilaments in a sarc…
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