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Study sets matching "physiology respiratory system human anatomy"

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Study sets matching "physiology respiratory system human anatomy"

22 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Humidity
Mucus
Mucous Membranes
nose, trachea and lungs
water vapor in the air
sticky stuff in your lungs that dust and other bad things sti…
a special kind of tissue that produces mucus
Respiratory System
nose, trachea and lungs
Humidity
water vapor in the air
22 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Humidity
Mucus
Mucous Membranes
nose, trachea and lungs
water vapor in the air
sticky stuff in your lungs that dust and other bad things sti…
a special kind of tissue that produces mucus
Respiratory System
nose, trachea and lungs
Humidity
water vapor in the air
10 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology- Respiratory System
Nose
Respiratory System
Root
Apex
is a specialized organ at thee entrance of the respiratory sy…
consists of the nose, pharynx(throat) larynx(voice box) trach…
Superior attachment of the nose to the frontal bone
Tip of nose
Nose
is a specialized organ at thee entrance of the respiratory sy…
Respiratory System
consists of the nose, pharynx(throat) larynx(voice box) trach…
37 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Respiratory System
nostrils
nasal cavity
Conchae
Cleft palate
contains mucus
increases surface area for mucosa to be exposed to the air.
Genetic defect... failure of the bones forming the palate to fus…
nostrils
nasal cavity
contains mucus
12 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology: Respiratory System
The Respiratory Sytem
Pharynx
Epiglottis
Trachea
Exchanges of gas
Where the nose and mouth connect
Flap of cartilage to cover trachea
Windpipe
The Respiratory Sytem
Exchanges of gas
Pharynx
Where the nose and mouth connect
42 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Respiratory System
Function
Pulmonary Ventilation
External Respiration
Transport
To supply the body with oxygen and dispose of carbon dioxide.…
Moving air into and out of the lungs.
Gas exchange between the lungs and the blood by diffusion. O2…
Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and…
Function
To supply the body with oxygen and dispose of carbon dioxide.…
Pulmonary Ventilation
Moving air into and out of the lungs.
37 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Respiratory System
nostrils
nasal cavity
Conchae
Cleft palate
contains mucus
increases surface area for mucosa to be exposed to the air.
Genetic defect... failure of the bones forming the palate to fus…
nostrils
nasal cavity
contains mucus
42 terms
Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems - HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
aneurysm
thrombocyte
leukocyte
erythrocyte
weak spot in artery- balloons out - if it ruptures, cab be de…
platelet - involved in clotting
white blood cell
red blood cell
aneurysm
weak spot in artery- balloons out - if it ruptures, cab be de…
thrombocyte
platelet - involved in clotting
Human Anatomy & Physiology 2 Respiratory System
Identify the organs of the upper respi…
Define: nasal septum, nasal conchae, s…
What is the function of the mucous mem…
What is the function of the pharynx?
-The upper respiratory tract includes the nose, nasal cavity,…
- The nasal septum is a structure that divides the nasal cavi…
-. The functions of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity a…
-Functions of the pharynx are to move food into the esophagus…
Identify the organs of the upper respi…
-The upper respiratory tract includes the nose, nasal cavity,…
Define: nasal septum, nasal conchae, s…
- The nasal septum is a structure that divides the nasal cavi…
31 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 22: The Respiratory System
Lungs
Alveolus
Surfactant
Sinuses
Bring oxygen into the body and remove carbon dioxide and some…
One of the microscopic air sacs of the lungs;... tiny air sac at…
Secretion produced by certain cells of the alveoli that reduc…
Mucus-membrane-lined, air filled cavity in certain cranial bo…
Lungs
Bring oxygen into the body and remove carbon dioxide and some…
Alveolus
One of the microscopic air sacs of the lungs;... tiny air sac at…
82 terms
Human anatomy - Respiratory Physiology
Respiratory system
external and cellular respiration
external respiration
cellular respiration
exchange of Gases between the atmosphere and the blood; homeo…
What are the levels of respiration? (2) :
movement of gases between external environment and the lungs
use of oxygen and nutrients to produce ATP
Respiratory system
exchange of Gases between the atmosphere and the blood; homeo…
external and cellular respiration
What are the levels of respiration? (2) :
104 terms
NEW Human Physiology and Anatomy: The Respiratory System
What is the general purpose of the res…
What is the purpose of most organs in…
Where does gas exchange take place?
Name all the organs of the respiratory…
To supply oxygen to the bloodstream and dispose of carbon dio…
To help purify, humidify, and warm the air
In the alveoli of the lungs
Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs, bronchi
What is the general purpose of the res…
To supply oxygen to the bloodstream and dispose of carbon dio…
What is the purpose of most organs in…
To help purify, humidify, and warm the air
62 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 16: Respiratory System
Alveoli
Pulmonary Artery
Venules, High, Veins, Heart
Carbonic Acid
Where gas exchange in the lungs occurs
Carries blood low in oxygen
Pulmonary _______ carry blood ____ in oxygen back to pulmonar…
What carbon dioxide in blood is converted to when it mixes wi…
Alveoli
Where gas exchange in the lungs occurs
Pulmonary Artery
Carries blood low in oxygen
104 terms
NEW Human Physiology and Anatomy: The Respiratory System
What is the general purpose of the res…
What is the purpose of most organs in…
Where does gas exchange take place?
Name all the organs of the respiratory…
To supply oxygen to the bloodstream and dispose of carbon dio…
To help purify, humidify, and warm the air
In the alveoli of the lungs
Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs, bronchi
What is the general purpose of the res…
To supply oxygen to the bloodstream and dispose of carbon dio…
What is the purpose of most organs in…
To help purify, humidify, and warm the air
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Respiratory System
breathing apparatus
torso
diaphragm
upper cavity
mechanical air pump that includes an energy source and passiv…
the breathing apparatus is located within the _
the breathing apparatus/pump is within the torso which is div…
chest/thorax, contains lungs and heart
breathing apparatus
mechanical air pump that includes an energy source and passiv…
torso
the breathing apparatus is located within the _
99 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Respiratory System
Summary, Tubes
Gas exchange
Upper respiratory tract
Lower respiratory tract
Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi; serve only for airfl…
Lungs (alveoli); millions of thin-walled, microscopic air sac…
Located outside of chest (nose, pharynx, larynx)
Located in thorax (trachea, bronchi, and lungs)
Summary, Tubes
Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi; serve only for airfl…
Gas exchange
Lungs (alveoli); millions of thin-walled, microscopic air sac…
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Respiratory System
major structures of respiratory system
cardio system and resp system cooperat…
resp system provides for ___
cardio system transports ____
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tree, lungs
O2, CO2
gas exchange
respiratory gases
major structures of respiratory system
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tree, lungs
cardio system and resp system cooperat…
O2, CO2
102 terms
Human Physiology Respiratory System
4 Steps to respiration
6 Non-respiratory function of resp. sy…
3 types of regulation for resp. function
Diaphraghm
1. Gas exchange btwn atmosphere and alveoli... 2. Exchange O2/ C…
H2O loss... Temp. regulation... Venous return... Acid base balance... Spe…
Nervous system (extrinsic)... Hormones (extrinsic)... Chemical (int…
Muscle at the base of abdomen used for respiration. ... Made of…
4 Steps to respiration
1. Gas exchange btwn atmosphere and alveoli... 2. Exchange O2/ C…
6 Non-respiratory function of resp. sy…
H2O loss... Temp. regulation... Venous return... Acid base balance... Spe…
68 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Respiratory
Respiratory system function
What makes up the upper respiratory sy…
What makes up the lower respiratory sy…
Epithelium of the nasal cavity
1. Gas Exchange... 2. Protects the respiratory surfaces... 3. Commu…
-Nose... -Nasal cavity... -Paranasal sinuses... -Pharynx (3)
-Larynx... -Trachea... -Bronchi... -Bronchioles... -Alveoli
Pseudostratified epithelium with goblet cells
Respiratory system function
1. Gas Exchange... 2. Protects the respiratory surfaces... 3. Commu…
What makes up the upper respiratory sy…
-Nose... -Nasal cavity... -Paranasal sinuses... -Pharynx (3)
17 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Circulatory System
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
Arterioles
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
Carry blood to the heart (blue)
Little arteries
Circulatory System
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
41 terms
Human Physiology: Respiratory System
Functions of Respiratory System
Structures of Respiratory System
Conducting Zone
Goblet Cells
-Vocalization: using respiratory structures to create sound... -…
General... -Conducting Zone: consists of series of airways, tube…
-Consists of series of airways, tubes, and chambers that tran…
-Secrete viscous fluid called mucus, which coats airways and…
Functions of Respiratory System
-Vocalization: using respiratory structures to create sound... -…
Structures of Respiratory System
General... -Conducting Zone: consists of series of airways, tube…
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Respiratory System
Main Function
Nares
Nasal Cavity (Fossa)
Pharynx
Touring an exchange of O2 and C02 between the body and lungs…
Air enters the respiratory system through here. There are two…
Respiratory: Contains three conchae that alter airflow throug…
The throat-Passageway for air and food... (naso- located behind…
Main Function
Touring an exchange of O2 and C02 between the body and lungs…
Nares
Air enters the respiratory system through here. There are two…
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Respiratory System
Nostril
Nasal Conchae
Sinus
Oropharynx
...
A cavity within a bone or other tissue
Part of the throat just behind the mouth. Includes the base o…
Nostril
...
Nasal Conchae
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Respiratory System
Alveolar sacs (alveoli)
Bronchiole
Bronchus
Cilia
Alveoli are composed of epithelial layers and extracellular m…
The bronchioles or bronchioli are the passageways by which ai…
Bronchi are plural for bronchus and represent the passageways…
Cilia are found in the lungs, respiratory tract and middle ea…
Alveolar sacs (alveoli)
Alveoli are composed of epithelial layers and extracellular m…
Bronchiole
The bronchioles or bronchioli are the passageways by which ai…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Respiratory System
Functions of the respiratory system (6…
How is oxygen carried from the lungs t…
How does carbon dioxide travel through…
Inspiration
-obtain oxygen and remove carbon dioxide... -filter air... -help co…
Oxygen binds to hemoglobin on red blood cells or diffuses int…
-Dissolves into plasma... -Some bonds to hemoglobin... -As a bicarb…
-Controlled by air pressure... -When pressure inside the thoraci…
Functions of the respiratory system (6…
-obtain oxygen and remove carbon dioxide... -filter air... -help co…
How is oxygen carried from the lungs t…
Oxygen binds to hemoglobin on red blood cells or diffuses int…
74 terms
Human Anatomy Respiratory System
Functions of the Respiratory System
RESPIRATION
Ventilation
Gas Exchange
Exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. Sound production by move…
has 3 meanings, ventilation, gas exchange, and Oxygen utiliza…
mass movement of air
diffusion of gas molecules: External respiration and... Internal…
Functions of the Respiratory System
Exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. Sound production by move…
RESPIRATION
has 3 meanings, ventilation, gas exchange, and Oxygen utiliza…
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Respiratory System (anatomy)
nasal cavity
pharynx
larynx
trachea
nasal cavity
pharynx
82 terms
Respiratory System Anatomy + Physiology
Pharynx
3
Nasopharynx
Eustachian tube.
Another word for the throat (specifically the back of the thr…
There are _ parts of the pharynx.
The _______(pharynx) consists of the uvula, pharyngeal tonsil…
The air passage between the middle ear and throat that equali…
Pharynx
Another word for the throat (specifically the back of the thr…
3
There are _ parts of the pharynx.
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The respiratory system
Decribe the pathway of air that we bre…
How are the alveoli adapted to improve…
What is the function of the pulmonary…
How is the air pressure lowered when w…
Enters through the mouth and nasal cavity, passes into thr la…
The have a large surface area, their walls are only one-cell…
The reduce friction during breathing between the ribs and the…
Diaphragm contracts and flattens, intercostals contract causi…
Decribe the pathway of air that we bre…
Enters through the mouth and nasal cavity, passes into thr la…
How are the alveoli adapted to improve…
The have a large surface area, their walls are only one-cell…
18 terms
Precepts of Anatomy and Physiology - The Human Body: The Circulatory System - The Respiratory System - Chapter 2 Lesson 4
A muscular tube at the back of the mou…
The tube that carries air from the lar…
The dome-shaped muscle in the chest ca…
The structure in which air enters the…
pharynx
trachea
diaphragm
larynx
A muscular tube at the back of the mou…
pharynx
The tube that carries air from the lar…
trachea
75 terms
Respiratory System Anatomy/Physiology
pharynx
larynx
trachea
left lung
pharynx
larynx
44 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Respiratory System
SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)
Atelectasis
Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome (…
Surfactant
Symptoms/Characteristics... -leading cause of death of infants... -…
Collapse of small air sacs in the lungs (alveoli)... Common w/ p…
underdeveloped lungs, very common for premature babies, due t…
Makes sure alveolus does not collapse due to innate surface t…
SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)
Symptoms/Characteristics... -leading cause of death of infants... -…
Atelectasis
Collapse of small air sacs in the lungs (alveoli)... Common w/ p…
Anatomy & Physiology - Respiratory System
This covers the outer surface of the l…
During expiration
During inspiration
In external respiration
The visceral pleura
The diaphragm relaxes
air pressure of the chest cavity decreases.
the level of carbon dioxide in the blood decreases.
This covers the outer surface of the l…
The visceral pleura
During expiration
The diaphragm relaxes
40 terms
The Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13 Practice Test (The Respiratory System)
Air in the conducting zone airways tha…
Air in the larynx on its way to the lu…
Air must pass through this slit-like o…
Each of the following is directly conn…
dead space volume... Dead space volume is air in the conducting…
Trachea.
Glottis.
trachea
Air in the conducting zone airways tha…
dead space volume... Dead space volume is air in the conducting…
Air in the larynx on its way to the lu…
Trachea.
74 terms
Human Anatomy Respiratory System
Functions of the Respiratory System
RESPIRATION
Ventilation
Gas Exchange
Exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. Sound production by move…
has 3 meanings, ventilation, gas exchange, and Oxygen utiliza…
mass movement of air
diffusion of gas molecules: External respiration and... Internal…
Functions of the Respiratory System
Exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. Sound production by move…
RESPIRATION
has 3 meanings, ventilation, gas exchange, and Oxygen utiliza…
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Respiratory System
What is the exchange of oxygen and car…
What are the two phases of respiration?
what is involved in the physical, or m…
What is involved in the physiological…
Respirations
Physical and physiological
the motion of the diaphram and rib cage.
An exchange of gases, oxygen and carbon dioxide, at two point…
What is the exchange of oxygen and car…
Respirations
What are the two phases of respiration?
Physical and physiological
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Respiratory System
major structures of respiratory system
cardio system and resp system cooperat…
resp system provides for ___
cardio system transports ____
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tree, lungs
O2, CO2
gas exchange
respiratory gases
major structures of respiratory system
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tree, lungs
cardio system and resp system cooperat…
O2, CO2
8 terms
Respiratory System::Anatomy and Physiology::
Identify and label structural anatomy…
Identify and label structural anatomy…
Describe the anatomy of the lungs
State Boyles Law.
...
Identify and label structural anatomy…
Identify and label structural anatomy…
59 terms
Human Anatomy: Respiratory System
Nasal Cavity
Internal Nares
External Nares
Nasal Concha
(13)
Nasal Cavity
Internal Nares
34 terms
Respiratory System (Anatomy and Physiology)
nares (nostrils), nasal cavity, pharyn…
Pharynx
Trachea
Left Lung
Path of Air through Respiratory Tract
What is number 4?
What is number 7?
What is number 6?
nares (nostrils), nasal cavity, pharyn…
Path of Air through Respiratory Tract
Pharynx
What is number 4?
12 terms
The Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13 Self Test (The Respiratory System)
The respiratory membrane must be very…
The superior, middle, and inferior nas…
Which of the following describes the p…
A normal tidal volume is about ____ mi…
thin; diffusion
increase the mucosal surface area and increase air turbulence…
Pharynx-larynx-trachea-bronchi-bronchioles-alveoli.
500; the amount of air moved into and out of the lungs with e…
The respiratory membrane must be very…
thin; diffusion
The superior, middle, and inferior nas…
increase the mucosal surface area and increase air turbulence…
23 terms
Human Respiratory System Anatomy
primary bronchus
hyoid bone
larynx
bronchiole
primary bronchus
hyoid bone
Human Anatomy & Physiology 2 Lymphatic System&Respiratory System
The walls of lymphatic vessels are sim…
As fluid pressure builds in the inters…
Which of these is NOT a function of ly…
What is the role of the thymus in prot…
-veins
-of the one-way design of their flaplike valves
-produce red blood cells
-It produces thymosin, which causes the maturation of T lymph…
The walls of lymphatic vessels are sim…
-veins
As fluid pressure builds in the inters…
-of the one-way design of their flaplike valves
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Respiratory System
Five Functions of the respiratory system
How is oxygen carried from the lungs t…
How does carbon dioxide travel through…
Inspiration (Inhalation)
1. provides extensive surface area for gas exchange between a…
Oxygen binds to hemoglobin on red blood cells ... a minor amount…
-Most converted to carbonic acid (~70%)... -Some bonds to hemogl…
-Controlled by air pressure... -When pressure inside the thoraci…
Five Functions of the respiratory system
1. provides extensive surface area for gas exchange between a…
How is oxygen carried from the lungs t…
Oxygen binds to hemoglobin on red blood cells ... a minor amount…
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System
Two phases of respiration & process th…
Respiration
two types of respiration
Skeletal Structures
Inspiration - air is taken into the body, the diaphragm is pu…
Exchange of gas between organism and its environment
passive - breathing at a resting state ... forced - breathing fr…
Vertebral Column, Ribs, Sternum, Pectoral Girdle, Pelvic Girdle
Two phases of respiration & process th…
Inspiration - air is taken into the body, the diaphragm is pu…
Respiration
Exchange of gas between organism and its environment
14 terms
Anatomy/Physiology- Respiratory System
Lungs
Sinuses
Pharynx
Pleura
Main organs of the Respiratory system
Reduce weight of the head, and act as renance chambers that a…
Passageway for food traveling from the mouth to the esophagus
Protects and covers the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity
Lungs
Main organs of the Respiratory system
Sinuses
Reduce weight of the head, and act as renance chambers that a…
26 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Respiratory system
Gas Exchange
Communication
Olfaction
Acid-Base balance
Provides for Oxygen and carbon dioxide exhange between the bl…
Serves for speech and other vocalization
Provides sense of smell
Helps control the pH of the body fluids by eliminating excess…
Gas Exchange
Provides for Oxygen and carbon dioxide exhange between the bl…
Communication
Serves for speech and other vocalization
18 terms
Anatomy Respiratory System Physiology
Mechanics of Breathing (Pulmonary Vent…
Inspiration (Inhalation)
Exhalation
Respiratory Volumes and Capacity
-Depends on volume changes in the thoracic cavity... -Volume cha…
-Diaphragm and intercostal muscles contract... -The size of the…
-Largely a passive process which depends on natural lung elas…
-Normal breathing moves about .5L of air with each breathe(re…
Mechanics of Breathing (Pulmonary Vent…
-Depends on volume changes in the thoracic cavity... -Volume cha…
Inspiration (Inhalation)
-Diaphragm and intercostal muscles contract... -The size of the…
79 terms
Human anatomy (respiratory system)
Inspiration
Lung expands
Air drawn into lungs
Diaphragm contracts and flattens
A
B
C
D
Inspiration
A
Lung expands
B
19 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Unit 8 Terminology: Respiratory System
Alveolus (Alveoli)
Bronchial Tree
Carbaminohemoglobin
Cellular Respiration
Air sacs clustered at the very end of the respiratory tubes.
Branched airways leading from the trachea to the air sacs (al…
The compound formed by the union of carbon dioxide and hemogl…
The breakdown of sugar within the cell to create energy (ATP)…
Alveolus (Alveoli)
Air sacs clustered at the very end of the respiratory tubes.
Bronchial Tree
Branched airways leading from the trachea to the air sacs (al…
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