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Study sets matching "physiology skeletal system chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "physiology skeletal system chapter 6"

18 terms
Physiology Chapter 6 - Skeletal System
Elastic Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Axial Skeleton
structural support of the external ear and other structures t…
Translucent bluish white cartilage consisting of cells embedd…
Intervertebral discs
portionof the skeletal system that consists if the skull, rib…
Elastic Cartilage
structural support of the external ear and other structures t…
Hyaline Cartilage
Translucent bluish white cartilage consisting of cells embedd…
23 terms
Physiology Chapter 6 - Skeletal System
head to tail development
upper arm bone
ligaments
tendons
areas nearer the head develop first
humerus
link bone to bone; at a joint/ACL
link muscle to bone
head to tail development
areas nearer the head develop first
upper arm bone
humerus
18 terms
Physiology: Skeletal System CHAPTER 6
Elastic Cartilage
Hyaline Cartliage
Fibrocartilage
Axial Skeleton
cartilage with abundant elastic fibers; more flexible than hy…
the abundant cartilage type in the body; provides firm suppor…
the most compressible type of cartilage; resistant to stretch…
the head, neck, and trunk
Elastic Cartilage
cartilage with abundant elastic fibers; more flexible than hy…
Hyaline Cartliage
the abundant cartilage type in the body; provides firm suppor…
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal system
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Epiphyseal plate
shaft of a long bone
End of a long bone
Is the region between diaphysis and epiphysis
In growing bone, each metaphysis contains a epiphyseal plate,…
Diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
Epiphysis
End of a long bone
105 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Acetabulum
Appendicular Skeleton
Articular Cartilage
Articulation
The deep socket in the hip bone that articulates with the hea…
The portion of the skeleton that consists of the shoulder and…
The cartilage on the joint surfaces of a bone; provides a smo…
A joint
Acetabulum
The deep socket in the hip bone that articulates with the hea…
Appendicular Skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that consists of the shoulder and…
102 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System (Chapter 6)
Skeleton
Skeletal System
Bone Markings
Long Bones
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
Surface features of bones that can determine the size, age, s…
Long and slender bones. They have three parts the epiphysis (…
Skeleton
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Skeletal System
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
20 terms
Physiology Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
4 bone types classified by shape?
where is the epiphasys located on a bo…
red bone marrow makes ____ cells
_____ is tough and fibrous grows on th…
Long, Short, Flat, Irregular
at the ends of long bones
red blood cells
Periosteum
4 bone types classified by shape?
Long, Short, Flat, Irregular
where is the epiphasys located on a bo…
at the ends of long bones
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Main functions of the skeleton
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Epicondyle
Head
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
Rounded knob of bone
Smaller knob above condyle
Large knob of bone that creates a joint prximally
Main functions of the skeleton
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Rounded knob of bone
20 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System: Joints
Articulations
What are the functions of an articulat…
What are the three functional classifi…
Synarthrosis
Joints
To gives the body mobility and to hold bones together securely
Synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses
Immoveable joint (e.g. sutures)
Articulations
Joints
What are the functions of an articulat…
To gives the body mobility and to hold bones together securely
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Articular cartilage
Costal cartilage
Is made of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Looks like frosted glass when freshly exposed (stained glass…
Point of connection, covers the ends of most bones at moveabl…
Connects the ribs to the sternum
Skeletal cartilage
Is made of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Hyaline cartilage
Looks like frosted glass when freshly exposed (stained glass…
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal system
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Epiphyseal plate
shaft of a long bone
End of a long bone
Is the region between diaphysis and epiphysis
In growing bone, each metaphysis contains a epiphyseal plate,…
Diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
Epiphysis
End of a long bone
300 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 6, Skeletal System
Functions of the Skeletal Sytem
Bone
Bone is also known as
Osteocyte
Support... Storage... Hematopoiesis - Blood cell production... Protect…
Contains an abundant intercellular matrix, ... and ... has widely d…
Osseous Tissue
Mature bone cells, ... The... main bone cells in bone tissue
Functions of the Skeletal Sytem
Support... Storage... Hematopoiesis - Blood cell production... Protect…
Bone
Contains an abundant intercellular matrix, ... and ... has widely d…
104 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System Chapter 6-8
Skeletal Cartilage
Axial Skeleton
Sesamoid Bones
Compact Bone
Made up of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head a…
A small independent bone or bony nodule developed in a tendon…
Dense bone in which the bony matrix is solidly filled with or…
Skeletal Cartilage
Made up of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Axial Skeleton
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head a…
11 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System: Fractures
Simple Fracture
Compound Fracture
What is the biggest risk of having a c…
Transverse Fracture
Bone break that doesn't puncture the skin or damage other tis…
Bone break that does break skin
Infection due to the open wound caused by the bone breaking t…
Bone break perpendicular to the bone
Simple Fracture
Bone break that doesn't puncture the skin or damage other tis…
Compound Fracture
Bone break that does break skin
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
these are strong bands of fibrous conn…
bands or cords of dense connective tis…
what are the four components of the sk…
what are the five functions of the ske…
ligaments
tendons
bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons
Body support, organ protection, body movement, mineral storag…
these are strong bands of fibrous conn…
ligaments
bands or cords of dense connective tis…
tendons
169 terms
Mader's understanding human anatomy and physiology Skeletal System chapter 6
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
Periosteum
Diaphysis
5 Function of skeletal system
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
-Bone is "wrapped" in a tough fibrous connective tissue cover…
-is shaft of a Long Bone... -not solid, &has a Medullary Cavity
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
5 Function of skeletal system
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal System
What does the skeletal system include?
What do bones consist of?
What are the major functions of the sk…
Bone Protection
Bones, joints, and their associated tissues
Osseous tissue, both dense and irregular collagenous connecti…
Protection, mineral storage and acid-base homeostasis, blood…
certain bones protect underlying organs such as the skull, st…
What does the skeletal system include?
Bones, joints, and their associated tissues
What do bones consist of?
Osseous tissue, both dense and irregular collagenous connecti…
104 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System Chapter 6-8
Skeletal Cartilage
Axial Skeleton
Sesamoid Bones
Compact Bone
Made up of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head a…
A small independent bone or bony nodule developed in a tendon…
Dense bone in which the bony matrix is solidly filled with or…
Skeletal Cartilage
Made up of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Axial Skeleton
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head a…
104 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Skeletal System 5 primary functions?
Bone (osseous tissue)?
What accounts for almost 2-3rds the we…
Humans have ____ number of bones.
Support, Storage (calcium), Blood cell production (blood cell…
A supporting connective tissue that contains specialized cell…
Calcium Phosphate. Collagen Fibers.
206
Skeletal System 5 primary functions?
Support, Storage (calcium), Blood cell production (blood cell…
Bone (osseous tissue)?
A supporting connective tissue that contains specialized cell…
200 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 6 Skeletal System
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
what function provides a framework for…
___________ of minerals, such as calci…
what are fat cells called
-support... -storage... -hematopoiesis... -protection... -leverage... -detox…
support
storage
adipocytes
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
-support... -storage... -hematopoiesis... -protection... -leverage... -detox…
what function provides a framework for…
support
158 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 6 The Skeletal System
Skeletal System
Functions of the Skeleton
Compact Bone... Spongy Bone
Osteocytes
Consists of bones and other structures that make up the joint…
1. Provides framework that supports the body, the muscles tha…
There are two types of bone tissue and they are ?
Bone cells are called?
Skeletal System
Consists of bones and other structures that make up the joint…
Functions of the Skeleton
1. Provides framework that supports the body, the muscles tha…
63 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 The Skeletal System
Osteocytes
Matrix
Calcium Salts & Collagen
Compact Bone
The cells that make up bone tissue.
The non living part of bone tissue.
Make up bone matrix.
Made of Osteons or Haversian Systems. Primary make up of long…
Osteocytes
The cells that make up bone tissue.
Matrix
The non living part of bone tissue.
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
support... storage... blood cell production…
osseous tissue
osteocytes
calcium phosphate
functions of
another name for bone
another name for bone cells
2/3 of the weight of the 206 bones in the body come from whic…
support... storage... blood cell production…
functions of
osseous tissue
another name for bone
59 terms
Anatomy & Physiology : Chapter 6 - Skeletal system
Ab
Acetabulam
ad
amphi
From
A vinegar cup
toward to
on both sides
Ab
From
Acetabulam
A vinegar cup
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Main functions of the skeleton
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Epicondyle
Head
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
Rounded knob of bone
Smaller knob above condyle
Large knob of bone that creates a joint prximally
Main functions of the skeleton
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Rounded knob of bone
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
What kinds of tissues make up the skel…
How do red and yellow bone marrow diff…
Long Bones
Short bones
bone, catilage, dense connective tissues, epithelium, blood-f…
Red Bone Marrow: developing blood cells, adipocytes, fibrobla…
have greater length that width and consist of a shaft and var…
cube-shaped and nearly equal in length and width ( wrist and…
What kinds of tissues make up the skel…
bone, catilage, dense connective tissues, epithelium, blood-f…
How do red and yellow bone marrow diff…
Red Bone Marrow: developing blood cells, adipocytes, fibrobla…
73 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 6 Skeletal System
what are the 4 stages of a simple frac…
What are the steps of growth of length…
Perforating (Volkman's) canal
Central (Haversian) Canal
1- Hematoma forms.... 2-Fibrocaratilage callus formation occurs…
Begins at resting zone ... 1-Proliferation zone- cells divide p…
canal perpendicular to central canal. Carries vessels and ner…
Opening in the center of an osteon. Carries blood vessels and…
what are the 4 stages of a simple frac…
1- Hematoma forms.... 2-Fibrocaratilage callus formation occurs…
What are the steps of growth of length…
Begins at resting zone ... 1-Proliferation zone- cells divide p…
36 terms
Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Skeletal System
What is the study of anatomy, structur…
How many bones make up the human body?
How much of the human bones are made u…
Forms the physical foundation of the body and is composed of…
Osteology
206
2/3
Skeletal System
Forms the physical foundation of the body and is composed of…
What is the study of anatomy, structur…
Osteology
146 terms
Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
What are the six functions of the skel…
Which function of the skeletal system…
What does the skeletal system store?
Which function is known as the formati…
-Support... -Storage... -Hematopoiesis... -Protection... -Leverage... -Detox…
Support
-Minerals (calcium, phosphorus)... -Fat cells (adipocytes; reser…
Hematopoiesis
What are the six functions of the skel…
-Support... -Storage... -Hematopoiesis... -Protection... -Leverage... -Detox…
Which function of the skeletal system…
Support
169 terms
Mader's understanding human anatomy and physiology Skeletal System chapter 6
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
Periosteum
Diaphysis
5 Function of skeletal system
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
-Bone is "wrapped" in a tough fibrous connective tissue cover…
-is shaft of a Long Bone... -not solid, &has a Medullary Cavity
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
5 Function of skeletal system
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
51 terms
Histology and Physiology of the Skeletal System-Chapter 6
Functions of skeletal system
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic cartilage
Fibrocartilage
support, protect, movement, storage, blood cell production
articular cartilage in synovial or diarthrosis joints, nose,…
ear
pubic symphysis, intervertebral disc
Functions of skeletal system
support, protect, movement, storage, blood cell production
Hyaline cartilage
articular cartilage in synovial or diarthrosis joints, nose,…
169 terms
Mader's understanding human anatomy and physiology Skeletal System chapter 6
DETAIL... 1.Name at least 5 functions of…
2. Explain classification of bones bas…
Periosteum
Diaphysis
1 . supports the body : our appendicular skeleton includes th…
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
-Bone is "wrapped" in a tough fibrous connective tissue cover…
-is shaft of a Long Bone... -not solid, &has a Medullary Cavity
DETAIL... 1.Name at least 5 functions of…
1 . supports the body : our appendicular skeleton includes th…
2. Explain classification of bones bas…
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal Systems
What are the 5 main functions of the S…
List the 5 types of bones
Diaphysis (dye-AF-i-sis), or shaft
2. Medullary cavity
1. Support - for tissues ... 2. Protection - surround delicate s…
1. Long - humerus & arm ... 2. Short - carpals of the wrist... 3. F…
a hollow... tube made of hard, compact bone, hence a... rigid and s…
the hollow area inside... the diaphysis of a bone; contains soft…
What are the 5 main functions of the S…
1. Support - for tissues ... 2. Protection - surround delicate s…
List the 5 types of bones
1. Long - humerus & arm ... 2. Short - carpals of the wrist... 3. F…
169 terms
Mader's understanding human anatomy and physiology Skeletal System chapter 6
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
Periosteum
Diaphysis
5 Function of skeletal system
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
-Bone is "wrapped" in a tough fibrous connective tissue cover…
-is shaft of a Long Bone... -not solid, &has a Medullary Cavity
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
5 Function of skeletal system
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
11 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System: Ossification
Ossification (aka osteogensis)
Of what is the embryonic skeleton comp…
What do osteogenic cells do?
What do osteoblasts do?
Process of bone formation
Loose connective tissue and hyaline cartilage shaped like bones
Produce osteoblasts
Secrete bone matrix
Ossification (aka osteogensis)
Process of bone formation
Of what is the embryonic skeleton comp…
Loose connective tissue and hyaline cartilage shaped like bones
108 terms
Chapter 6 skeletal system
hematopoiesis
long bones
orthopedist
orthopedics
blood cell formation
longer than they are wide with distinctively shaped heads
physician who specializes in orthopedics
medical specialty who deals with the prevention and correctio…
hematopoiesis
blood cell formation
long bones
longer than they are wide with distinctively shaped heads
169 terms
Mader's understanding human anatomy and physiology Skeletal System chapter 6
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
Periosteum
Diaphysis
5 Function of skeletal system
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
-Bone is "wrapped" in a tough fibrous connective tissue cover…
-is shaft of a Long Bone... -not solid, &has a Medullary Cavity
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
5 Function of skeletal system
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
118 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Ligaments
Tendons
Hyaline cartilage chondroblasts
Chondrocyte
strong bands of fibrous connective tissue that holds bone tog…
skeletal muscles attach to bone by these, and they are strong…
produce a matrix surrounding themselves
by the time the matrix surrounded a chondroblast the cell has…
Ligaments
strong bands of fibrous connective tissue that holds bone tog…
Tendons
skeletal muscles attach to bone by these, and they are strong…
12 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 6 skeletal system
Osteology
Functions of the skeletal system (6)
Types of bone cells (4)
Osteogenic cells
Study of the bones
Support, protection, assist in movement, mineral homeostasis,…
Osteogenic, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteocytes
Divide to produce osteoblasts
Osteology
Study of the bones
Functions of the skeletal system (6)
Support, protection, assist in movement, mineral homeostasis,…
44 terms
Anatomy/Physiology - chapter 6 (the skeletal system)
calcification
hemopoiesis
diaphysis
epiphyses
Mineral salts are deposited in the framework formed by the co…
Process within certain bones where red bone marrow produces r…
the shaft or body of a bone - composed of thick layer of comp…
the proximal & distal ends of bones, expanded ends of a bone…
calcification
Mineral salts are deposited in the framework formed by the co…
hemopoiesis
Process within certain bones where red bone marrow produces r…
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 6- Skeletal System
Skeletal System:
Ligaments:
Tendons:
Joints:
Components:... -Bone... -Cartilage... - Tendons... - Ligaments... Functi…
Support... Holds bones together
Movement... Holds muscle to bone
Two or more bones come together
Skeletal System:
Components:... -Bone... -Cartilage... - Tendons... - Ligaments... Functi…
Ligaments:
Support... Holds bones together
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
What kinds of tissues make up the skel…
How do red and yellow bone marrow diff…
Long Bones
Short bones
bone, catilage, dense connective tissues, epithelium, blood-f…
Red Bone Marrow: developing blood cells, adipocytes, fibrobla…
have greater length that width and consist of a shaft and var…
cube-shaped and nearly equal in length and width ( wrist and…
What kinds of tissues make up the skel…
bone, catilage, dense connective tissues, epithelium, blood-f…
How do red and yellow bone marrow diff…
Red Bone Marrow: developing blood cells, adipocytes, fibrobla…
41 terms
Chapter 6 skeletal system vocabulary
skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic cartilages
Fibrocartilages
Consists primarily of water which makes it have a high abilit…
Most common cartilage / Composed of: abundant collagen fibers…
This cartilage contains more stretchy elastic fibers, able to…
cartilage that is highly compressible, has great tensile stre…
skeletal cartilage
Consists primarily of water which makes it have a high abilit…
Hyaline cartilage
Most common cartilage / Composed of: abundant collagen fibers…
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System
Long bones
Short bones
Flat bones
Irregular bones
Longer than they are wide / found in arms and legs
Fairly equal in width and length (similar to a cube) / mostly…
Thinner bones that can be either flat or curved and platelike…
Odd-shaped bones (like parts of a jigsaw puzzle) needed to co…
Long bones
Longer than they are wide / found in arms and legs
Short bones
Fairly equal in width and length (similar to a cube) / mostly…
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
these are strong bands of fibrous conn…
bands or cords of dense connective tis…
what are the four components of the sk…
what are the five functions of the ske…
ligaments
tendons
bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons
Body support, organ protection, body movement, mineral storag…
these are strong bands of fibrous conn…
ligaments
bands or cords of dense connective tis…
tendons
35 terms
Study Guide/Test: Chapter 6 Skeletal System Anatomy Physiology
7
12
5
Synarthrosis
# of Cervical Vertebrae
# of Thoracic Vertebrae
# of Lumbar Vertebrae
Articulation or Joint that has NO MOVEMENT
7
# of Cervical Vertebrae
12
# of Thoracic Vertebrae
44 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy & Physiology (Skeletal & Muscular Systems)
206
diaphysis
epiphysis
protects the bone at movable joints
Mature adult has ___ bones in its skeleton.
The shaft is also called the _________.
The ends of long bones are called _________.
Cartilage does what?
206
Mature adult has ___ bones in its skeleton.
diaphysis
The shaft is also called the _________.
169 terms
Mader's understanding human anatomy and physiology Skeletal System chapter 6
DETAIL... 1.Name at least 5 functions of…
2. Explain classification of bones bas…
Periosteum
Diaphysis
1 . supports the body : our appendicular skeleton includes th…
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
-Bone is "wrapped" in a tough fibrous connective tissue cover…
-is shaft of a Long Bone... -not solid, &has a Medullary Cavity
DETAIL... 1.Name at least 5 functions of…
1 . supports the body : our appendicular skeleton includes th…
2. Explain classification of bones bas…
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
31 terms
Chapter 6- skeletal system physiology. Part 1
Bone tissue is composed of what?
Bone matrix has two types
Organic bone matrix
Inorganic
Matrix and cells
Organic and inorganic
Collagen and protoglycagens (35%) ... Flexible strength
hydroxyapatite (65%)... Also means minerals in the bones.... Weigh…
Bone tissue is composed of what?
Matrix and cells
Bone matrix has two types
Organic and inorganic
17 terms
Chapter 6-skeletal system physiology. Part 2
Long Bone structure
diaphysis
Epiphysis
Epiphyseal plate
diaphysis... epiphysis... epiphyseal plate... epiphyseal line... medullar…
shaft... Compact bone
End of the bone ... Spongy bone
Growth plate... Headline cartilage; present until growth stops
Long Bone structure
diaphysis... epiphysis... epiphyseal plate... epiphyseal line... medullar…
diaphysis
shaft... Compact bone
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