Study sets matching "physiology"

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Study sets matching "physiology"

Physiology
Arteries
Veins
Carditis
conus arteriosus
efferent vessels
afferent vessels
inflammation of the heart
conical pouch ending at the pulmonary valve
Arteries
efferent vessels
Veins
afferent vessels
52 terms
Physiology
Fossicle
sarcolema
myofibrils
sarcoplasmic reticulum
bundles of fibers that make up muscle
surrounds muscles
organized bundles of contractile and elastic protein
long tubules (release) and terminal cisternae which sequester…
Fossicle
bundles of fibers that make up muscle
sarcolema
surrounds muscles
5 terms
Physiology
Connective tissue types
fascia
collagen
Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT)
cartilage... derma... tendon... ligmanet... fasica... bone
form of internal skin, surround muscles and separating muscle…
major fibrous element of all connective tissue types and cont…
supports the fetlock in the standing horse, transmits the for…
Connective tissue types
cartilage... derma... tendon... ligmanet... fasica... bone
fascia
form of internal skin, surround muscles and separating muscle…
28 terms
Physiology
Ciguatoxin(block inactivation of Na ch…
Batratoxin(block inactivation of Na ch…
Highest K conductance is at
2/3 of hyperpolarization and whole dep…
comes from fish
Comes from Frog
at midpoint of action potential
Absolute refractory period.
Ciguatoxin(block inactivation of Na ch…
comes from fish
Batratoxin(block inactivation of Na ch…
Comes from Frog
Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Divisions of physiology
Cell Physiology
Study of structure and the relationships among structures. (S…
Study of how the parts function together. Explains how and why.
Cell Physiology, systemic Physiology, exercise physiology, pa…
Study of the function of cells. Chemical process within cells…
Anatomy
Study of structure and the relationships among structures. (S…
Physiology
Study of how the parts function together. Explains how and why.
13 terms
Physiology
Integrated function
Mechanistic approach
Translational Research
Muscle Tissue
Why the individual parts of the body work together?
How various levels of organization are integrated?
How is the understanding applied to the overall function of t…
Functions:... Movement... Maintenance of posture... Joint stabilizatio…
Integrated function
Why the individual parts of the body work together?
Mechanistic approach
How various levels of organization are integrated?
15 terms
Physiology
Osmolal concentration of plasma
5% Glucose solution is initially isoto…
Contributors of plasma osmolality are
Major non-electrolytes that contribute…
Plasma freezing point averages -0.54 degrees C. The osmolal c…
glucose is metabolized, so the net effect is that of infusing…
Na, Cl, HCO3, ( about 270mOsm) ... Glu ( about 5 mOsm/L )... Urea (…
Glucose and Urea
Osmolal concentration of plasma
Plasma freezing point averages -0.54 degrees C. The osmolal c…
5% Glucose solution is initially isoto…
glucose is metabolized, so the net effect is that of infusing…
Physiology
homeostasis
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
right atrium
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
A vein that is the second largest vein in the human body and…
A vein that is the largest vein in the human body and returns…
The chamber of the heart, where deoxygenated blood is receive…
homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
superior vena cava
A vein that is the second largest vein in the human body and…
10 terms
Physiology
anatomy
physiology
tissue
homostasis
study of the structure of the human body (ex: bones)
study of the functions of the human body (ex: digestive break…
group of cells working together (ex: nerves, epidermis)
keeping internal conditions the same (ex: blood ph 7.91)
anatomy
study of the structure of the human body (ex: bones)
physiology
study of the functions of the human body (ex: digestive break…
1,259 terms
Physiology
What structures make up the Central Ne…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
What structures make up the Central Ne…
The Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
187 terms
Physiology
what are the 3 broad areas of the circ…
what are the 2 subdivisions of the cir…
what are the 4 chambers of the heart?
receives deoxygenated blood from the b…
1. transportation ... respiratory gases, nutrients, waste... 2. re…
cardiovascular system (heart and blood vessels) and lymphatic…
right atrium, left atrium, right ventricle and left ventricle
right atrium
what are the 3 broad areas of the circ…
1. transportation ... respiratory gases, nutrients, waste... 2. re…
what are the 2 subdivisions of the cir…
cardiovascular system (heart and blood vessels) and lymphatic…
1,255 terms
Physiology
What structures make up the Central Ne…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Central NS... Peripheral NS... Sensory (Afferent) nerves... Motor (eff…
Informing CNS about what is going on within & outside the body.
What structures make up the Central Ne…
The Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central NS... Peripheral NS... Sensory (Afferent) nerves... Motor (eff…
Physiology
Epithelial Cells
5 types of epithelial cells
Connective tissue cell types (3)
two types of fibers produced by fibrob…
cover all surfaces of body that come into contact with outsid…
Squamous: cells are thin & flattened, substances diffuse easi…
fibroblasts: v common; produce two types of fibers which dete…
1. Collagenous (connecting) fibers: composed of collagen, ver…
Epithelial Cells
cover all surfaces of body that come into contact with outsid…
5 types of epithelial cells
Squamous: cells are thin & flattened, substances diffuse easi…
54 terms
Physiology
Cephalon (cephalic)
Cranium (cranial)
Face (facial)
Oris (oral)
Head
Skull
Face
Mouth
Cephalon (cephalic)
Head
Cranium (cranial)
Skull
56 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Variable
Receptor
Control Center
a system in which there is constant regulation to keep the in…
factor or event being regulated
a sensor that monitors the environment and responds to stimul…
determines what level a variable should be maintained, and pr…
Homeostasis
a system in which there is constant regulation to keep the in…
Variable
factor or event being regulated
11 terms
Physiology
Lipid Bilayer
Permeability of Cell Membrane
1)Passive(nonmediated) transport
2)Passive(nonmediated transport)
Membrane permeable to gases... Membrane proteins-attachment site…
Noncharged molecules
Diffusion through bilayer... -(determined by partition coefficie…
Diffusion through bilayer... -(determined by partition coefficie…
Lipid Bilayer
Membrane permeable to gases... Membrane proteins-attachment site…
Permeability of Cell Membrane
Noncharged molecules
Physiology
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Axillary
Point of the shoulder
Forearm
Space in front of the elbow
Armpit
Acromial
Point of the shoulder
Antebrachial
Forearm
Physiology
epiphyseal plate
medullary cavity
red bone marrow
yellow bone marrow
(growth plate) band of cartilage between epiphysis and diaphy…
hollow in diaphysis, smaller areas in epiphysis
makes blood cells and pallets
stores fat
epiphyseal plate
(growth plate) band of cartilage between epiphysis and diaphy…
medullary cavity
hollow in diaphysis, smaller areas in epiphysis
128 terms
physiology
what is physiology
***what are the levels of organization
***what are the 4 types of tissues
***what are the 11 organ systems of th…
the study of function and the nature of humans it deals with…
-Chemical: Simplest level; atoms combine to form molecules, w…
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous.
1. Integumentary system... 2. Skeletal system... 3. Muscular system…
what is physiology
the study of function and the nature of humans it deals with…
***what are the levels of organization
-Chemical: Simplest level; atoms combine to form molecules, w…
13 terms
Physiology
Plane
Osteon
Osteocytes
Canalculi
intercarpal and intertarsal joints
Complex consisting of central canal and matrix rings; found i…
Mature bone cells
Tiny canals
Plane
intercarpal and intertarsal joints
Osteon
Complex consisting of central canal and matrix rings; found i…
787 terms
Physiology
urinary system
kidneys
ureters
urinary bladder
rids the body of waste materials & controls the volume & comp…
paired, bean-shaped organs of the urinary system that produce…
tubular structures that connect the kidneys with the urinary…
muscular reservoir located in the pelvic cavity that receives…
urinary system
rids the body of waste materials & controls the volume & comp…
kidneys
paired, bean-shaped organs of the urinary system that produce…
23 terms
Physiology
Morphology
Signs and symptoms
Sequelae
Validity
the fundamental structure or form of cells or tissues.
the structural and functional changes that accompany a disease.
lesions or impairments that follow or are caused by a disease.
the extent to which a measurement tool measures what it is in…
Morphology
the fundamental structure or form of cells or tissues.
Signs and symptoms
the structural and functional changes that accompany a disease.
Physiology
Head Shadow Effect
Directional Hearing
Pinna Effects of the Ear
Outer Ear Acoustics
The interaural time and intensity differences of a stimulus…
The ear closer to the sound source will perceive the sound as…
Helps funnel sound into the external ear canal which may be a…
15:16 dB increase in sound pressure level at the tympanic mem…
Head Shadow Effect
The interaural time and intensity differences of a stimulus…
Directional Hearing
The ear closer to the sound source will perceive the sound as…
Physiology
chemical level
cellular level
tissue level
organ levels
atoms combine to form molecules.
cells are made up of molecules.
tissues consist of similar types of cells
organs are made up of different types of tissues
chemical level
atoms combine to form molecules.
cellular level
cells are made up of molecules.
Physiology
Primary force moving water molecules f…
Which of following is involved in regu…
Proteins secreted by cells are
Which of following directs directly on…
Water
Cytochrome c
Found in vesicles and secretory granules
Estradiol
Primary force moving water molecules f…
Water
Which of following is involved in regu…
Cytochrome c
105 terms
physiology
The striated appearance of skeletal mu…
Myosin is... A. spherical... B. attached to…
Thick filaments in skeletal muscle are…
Order the following muscle cell compon…
orderly arrangement of thick and thin filaments into A and I…
none of these
myosin
5, 2, 3, 4, 1
The striated appearance of skeletal mu…
orderly arrangement of thick and thin filaments into A and I…
Myosin is... A. spherical... B. attached to…
none of these
Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomical position
Prone
The study of the structures of the body and the relationship…
Deals with the functions of the body parts
The reference point from which anatomical structures are desc…
Lying face down
Anatomy
The study of the structures of the body and the relationship…
Physiology
Deals with the functions of the body parts
48 terms
Physiology
Pathology
Psychology
Historology
Chemical level:
Study of diseases
Study of the mind
Study of tissues
Atom, molecules,
Pathology
Study of diseases
Psychology
Study of the mind
42 terms
Physiology
4 primary tissue types
2 components of ECF
Membrane potential
3 means by which cells are held together
Muscle... Nervous... Epithelial... Connective
plasma and interstitial fluid
Slight excess of negative charges on inside and positive outs…
ECM... CAMs... Specialized cell junctions
4 primary tissue types
Muscle... Nervous... Epithelial... Connective
2 components of ECF
plasma and interstitial fluid
192 terms
Physiology
physiology
nucleus
nucleolus
cytoplasm
study of the functions and activities of living organisms and…
contains genes, DNA, chromosomes; surrounded by a nuclear mem…
densely packed chromosomes, protein and RNA
space between nucleus and cell membrane containing organelles…
physiology
study of the functions and activities of living organisms and…
nucleus
contains genes, DNA, chromosomes; surrounded by a nuclear mem…
25 terms
Physiology
Walter B cannon
Sensor
Integrating center
Effector
Coined the term homeostasis
Detects deviation from set point
Determines response
Produces response
Walter B cannon
Coined the term homeostasis
Sensor
Detects deviation from set point
30 terms
Physiology
Cervical Spine Flexion (chin to chest)…
Shoulder Flexion (in front of body)... Ex…
Elbow Flexion (lesser angle)... Extension…
Wrist Flexion (toward front in anatomi…
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Cervical Spine Flexion (chin to chest)…
Sagittal Plane
Shoulder Flexion (in front of body)... Ex…
Sagittal Plane
185 terms
physiology
Sickle cell Disease
Symptoms of Sickle cell disease
Treatment of sickle cell disease
Sickle cell affects
Red blood cell has abnormal hemoglobin. Deficiency of oxygen…
Jaundice, rapid heart rate (tachycardia, or palpitations) due…
They should take supplements of folic acid.... Antibiotics and v…
affect the bones of the back, the long bones, and the chest.…
Sickle cell Disease
Red blood cell has abnormal hemoglobin. Deficiency of oxygen…
Symptoms of Sickle cell disease
Jaundice, rapid heart rate (tachycardia, or palpitations) due…
45 terms
physiology
ventricle
Vena Cava
Vein
systolic pressure
One of the two chambers that collect and expel blood. Receive…
One of the two main veins bringing deoxygenated blood from th…
carries deoxygnated blood back to the heart
first number recorded in blood pressure reading. Happens when…
ventricle
One of the two chambers that collect and expel blood. Receive…
Vena Cava
One of the two main veins bringing deoxygenated blood from th…
23 terms
Physiology
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Secretin
first part of small bowel... - shortest and widest... -contains sub…
second part of small bowel... - longest
third part of small bowel... - principle site of water and elect…
stimulate by H+ in duodenum and fatty acids... -increased pancre…
Duodenum
first part of small bowel... - shortest and widest... -contains sub…
Jejunum
second part of small bowel... - longest
113 terms
physiology
resting membrane potential in a neuron
Nernst equation used to calculate
equilibrium potential for k+
Na/K- pump exchange
-70 to -80 mV
Equilibrium potential
-84 mV Na> +59mV Threshold>-96mV
2K FOR 3 Na
resting membrane potential in a neuron
-70 to -80 mV
Nernst equation used to calculate
Equilibrium potential
Physiology
Internal Enviornment
Homeostatisis
Feedback loops
Mitochondria
Intracellular fluid, interstitial fluid, and plasma
Keeping oneself in a tolerable range; regulates water, O2, CO…
1. Negative (most loops)... 2. Positive (explosive event, i.e. c…
converts sugar, fat, protein into ATP (source of most ATP)
Internal Enviornment
Intracellular fluid, interstitial fluid, and plasma
Homeostatisis
Keeping oneself in a tolerable range; regulates water, O2, CO…
65 terms
Physiology
homeostasis
dynamic constancy
negative feedback
physiology
maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
homeostasis includes the ability of the body to keep its inte…
feedback that tends to counteract a process... ex. thermostat i…
study of the function of the human body function, homeostasis…
homeostasis
maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
dynamic constancy
homeostasis includes the ability of the body to keep its inte…
46 terms
Physiology
Medulla oblongata
Pons
Cerebellum
Midbrain
sensing and controlling vital autonoic functions, receives se…
Conveys info about movments between the cerebellum and the ce…
important for coordination of movement and for posture and ba…
controls many sensory and motor functions such as eye movemen…
Medulla oblongata
sensing and controlling vital autonoic functions, receives se…
Pons
Conveys info about movments between the cerebellum and the ce…
Physiology
List 3 causes of hypoxic injury
List 3 causes of free radical injury
Describe the mechanisms by which lipid…
Describe how hypoxic injury leads to d…
1. Hypoxemia-decreased O2 content in blood... 2. Anemia-decrease…
1. absorption of extreme energy sources... 2. Endogenous, usuall…
It breaks down the lipids in the cell membranes
decreased O2 delivery leads to anaerobic metabolism which cau…
List 3 causes of hypoxic injury
1. Hypoxemia-decreased O2 content in blood... 2. Anemia-decrease…
List 3 causes of free radical injury
1. absorption of extreme energy sources... 2. Endogenous, usuall…
Physiology
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Above. Close to head
Below. Close to feet
Towards front of body
Towards back of body
Superior
Above. Close to head
Inferior
Below. Close to feet
58 terms
Physiology
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Contractility
Attached to bones, nuclei are multiple per cell and periphera…
Heart, single nucleus centrally located. Striated, involuntar…
Walls of hollow organs, blood vessels, eye, gland, skin, etc.…
The ability of a muscle to shorten, accompanied by mechanical…
Skeletal Muscle
Attached to bones, nuclei are multiple per cell and periphera…
Cardiac Muscle
Heart, single nucleus centrally located. Striated, involuntar…
107 terms
Physiology
What is the structure of a neuron?
What are the types of neurons?
Function of a Neuron
Characteristics of a Neuron
Cell body... Dendrites... Axon... Myelin Shealth
Bipolar... Multipolar... Unipolar (pseudounipolar)
Conduct
Excitable (Respond)
What is the structure of a neuron?
Cell body... Dendrites... Axon... Myelin Shealth
What are the types of neurons?
Bipolar... Multipolar... Unipolar (pseudounipolar)
Physiology
Intervertebral Articulations:
Intervertebral Discs:
Anulus Fibrosus:
Nucleus Pulposus:
between the superior and inferior articular processes of adja…
from axis to sacrum the vertebrae are separated and cushioned…
surrounds nucleus pulposus, tough outer layer of fibrocartila…
a soft, elastic, gelatinous core. Gives the disc resiliency a…
Intervertebral Articulations:
between the superior and inferior articular processes of adja…
Intervertebral Discs:
from axis to sacrum the vertebrae are separated and cushioned…
Physiology
physiology
mechanistic
teleologic
Dynamic Steady State
study of how the body works
how the system works
why the system works
range of where certain system wants to stay
physiology
study of how the body works
mechanistic
how the system works
38 terms
Physiology
Circulatory
Digestive
Endo Craddick system
Mechanism approach
Transfer material between cells of the body think heart and b…
Convert food into particles that can be transported into the…
...
The ability to explain the mechanisms that underlie physiolog…
Circulatory
Transfer material between cells of the body think heart and b…
Digestive
Convert food into particles that can be transported into the…
112 terms
Physiology
Define Homeostasis
What feedback loop helps with homeosta…
What is the role of the negative feedb…
An example of the negative feedback loop
when the body makes changes to keep a relatively consistent i…
Negative feedbackloop
Measure existing values and compares it to a set point, it in…
Pancreas creating insulin in order to lower blood sugar when…
Define Homeostasis
when the body makes changes to keep a relatively consistent i…
What feedback loop helps with homeosta…
Negative feedbackloop
Physiology
Homeostasis
Equilibrium
Metabolism
Anabolic reaction
Any process that actively maintains a fairly stable environme…
when the outside and inside environments are unchanging and b…
All of the chemical reactions in one's body
creating covalent bonds- needs energy
Homeostasis
Any process that actively maintains a fairly stable environme…
Equilibrium
when the outside and inside environments are unchanging and b…
19 terms
Physiology
homeostasis
in reference to homeostasis, what is d…
approx. how much of BW is fluid
origin of nutrients in extracellular f…
maintenance of nearly constant condition in the internal envi…
disrupted homeostasis
60%
respiratory system, GI system, liver, musculoskeletal system
homeostasis
maintenance of nearly constant condition in the internal envi…
in reference to homeostasis, what is d…
disrupted homeostasis
Physiology
receptive field
receptor potential
adaptation or accomodation
Tonic receptors
area or region where stimulus will produce a response in a si…
type of graded potential
if the stimulus is applied for a long time, there is a stop i…
always respond for however long a stimulus
receptive field
area or region where stimulus will produce a response in a si…
receptor potential
type of graded potential
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