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Study sets matching "physiology"

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Study sets matching "physiology"

32 terms
Physiology
Physiology
Endotherms
Ectotherms
Arctic Plants
The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of…
Organisms which generate their own internal heat--- regulatio…
Organisms which rely on the outside environment for heating--…
Best adapted to the harsh environment: most are desiccation/w…
Physiology
The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of…
Endotherms
Organisms which generate their own internal heat--- regulatio…
18 terms
Physiology
1st heart sound - "lubb"
2nd heart sound
3rd heart sound
4th heart sound
Auscultation area:... Heard all over the cardia area... Maximum i…
Heard all over cardiac area... Max intensity in 2nd intercostal…
diastolic sound... produced by ventricular wall vibrations durin…
diastolic or presystolic sound occurs during ventricular fill…
1st heart sound - "lubb"
Auscultation area:... Heard all over the cardia area... Maximum i…
2nd heart sound
Heard all over cardiac area... Max intensity in 2nd intercostal…
73 terms
Physiology
Internal Enviornment
Homeostatisis
Feedback loops
Mitochondria
Intracellular fluid, interstitial fluid, and plasma
Keeping oneself in a tolerable range; regulates water, O2, CO…
1. Negative (most loops)... 2. Positive (explosive event, i.e. c…
converts sugar, fat, protein into ATP (source of most ATP)
Internal Enviornment
Intracellular fluid, interstitial fluid, and plasma
Homeostatisis
Keeping oneself in a tolerable range; regulates water, O2, CO…
87 terms
physiology
Pain
Nociception and Nociceptors
Types of Pain
Gate Control in the Dorsal Horn
An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience... associated wit…
Pain is by definition a conscious perception.... Before "pain" s…
Pin-Prick Pain... Acute Pain... Chronic (Persistant) Pain... Neuropath…
Pain
An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience... associated wit…
Nociception and Nociceptors
Pain is by definition a conscious perception.... Before "pain" s…
65 terms
Physiology
homeostasis
dynamic constancy
negative feedback
physiology
maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
homeostasis includes the ability of the body to keep its inte…
feedback that tends to counteract a process... ex. thermostat i…
study of the function of the human body function, homeostasis…
homeostasis
maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
dynamic constancy
homeostasis includes the ability of the body to keep its inte…
192 terms
Physiology
physiology
nucleus
nucleolus
cytoplasm
study of the functions and activities of living organisms and…
contains genes, DNA, chromosomes; surrounded by a nuclear mem…
densely packed chromosomes, protein and RNA
space between nucleus and cell membrane containing organelles…
physiology
study of the functions and activities of living organisms and…
nucleus
contains genes, DNA, chromosomes; surrounded by a nuclear mem…
46 terms
Physiology
Medulla oblongata
Pons
Cerebellum
Midbrain
sensing and controlling vital autonoic functions, receives se…
Conveys info about movments between the cerebellum and the ce…
important for coordination of movement and for posture and ba…
controls many sensory and motor functions such as eye movemen…
Medulla oblongata
sensing and controlling vital autonoic functions, receives se…
Pons
Conveys info about movments between the cerebellum and the ce…
30 terms
Physiology
Cervical Spine Flexion (chin to chest)…
Shoulder Flexion (in front of body)... Ex…
Elbow Flexion (lesser angle)... Extension…
Wrist Flexion (toward front in anatomi…
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Cervical Spine Flexion (chin to chest)…
Sagittal Plane
Shoulder Flexion (in front of body)... Ex…
Sagittal Plane
185 terms
physiology
Sickle cell Disease
Symptoms of Sickle cell disease
Treatment of sickle cell disease
Sickle cell affects
Red blood cell has abnormal hemoglobin. Deficiency of oxygen…
Jaundice, rapid heart rate (tachycardia, or palpitations) due…
They should take supplements of folic acid.... Antibiotics and v…
affect the bones of the back, the long bones, and the chest.…
Sickle cell Disease
Red blood cell has abnormal hemoglobin. Deficiency of oxygen…
Symptoms of Sickle cell disease
Jaundice, rapid heart rate (tachycardia, or palpitations) due…
114 terms
Physiology
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Afferent division
Efferent division
Integrates and issues information... -brain... -spinal cord
Afferent and efferent divisions
Sends info to CNS from senses
Receives info from CNS ... -somatic... -autonomic
Central nervous system
Integrates and issues information... -brain... -spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Afferent and efferent divisions
45 terms
physiology
ventricle
Vena Cava
Vein
systolic pressure
One of the two chambers that collect and expel blood. Receive…
One of the two main veins bringing deoxygenated blood from th…
carries deoxygnated blood back to the heart
first number recorded in blood pressure reading. Happens when…
ventricle
One of the two chambers that collect and expel blood. Receive…
Vena Cava
One of the two main veins bringing deoxygenated blood from th…
23 terms
Physiology
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Secretin
first part of small bowel... - shortest and widest... -contains sub…
second part of small bowel... - longest
third part of small bowel... - principle site of water and elect…
stimulate by H+ in duodenum and fatty acids... -increased pancre…
Duodenum
first part of small bowel... - shortest and widest... -contains sub…
Jejunum
second part of small bowel... - longest
58 terms
Physiology
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Contractility
Attached to bones, nuclei are multiple per cell and periphera…
Heart, single nucleus centrally located. Striated, involuntar…
Walls of hollow organs, blood vessels, eye, gland, skin, etc.…
The ability of a muscle to shorten, accompanied by mechanical…
Skeletal Muscle
Attached to bones, nuclei are multiple per cell and periphera…
Cardiac Muscle
Heart, single nucleus centrally located. Striated, involuntar…
29 terms
Physiology
Physiology
Homeostasis: positive/ negative feedba…
Homeostatic control
Stimulus
the branch of biology that deals... with the normal functions of…
"the tendency of an organism or cell to regulate its internal…
To maintain homeostasis, communication within the body is ess…
produces a change to a variable (the factor being... regulated)
Physiology
the branch of biology that deals... with the normal functions of…
Homeostasis: positive/ negative feedba…
"the tendency of an organism or cell to regulate its internal…
11 terms
Physiology
steady state vs equilibrium
homeostatic mechanism
negative vs positive feedback
feed forward control
steady state: energy expenditure to maintain uneven concentra…
1) sensor... 2) integrator/comparator... 3) set point... 4) effector
negative feedback: comparator/integrator reverses initial dis…
body anticipates/prepares for change... ex) HR increase before a…
steady state vs equilibrium
steady state: energy expenditure to maintain uneven concentra…
homeostatic mechanism
1) sensor... 2) integrator/comparator... 3) set point... 4) effector
62 terms
Physiology
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HPP)
Negative feedback
Potential difference
⏺Caused by degradation of myelin in CNS... ⏺Most common disorder…
⏺Caused by mutant v-g Na channels in skeletal muscle fibers t…
"Pulls it back" to optimal range
⏺Measure of potential to do work if any ion could pass thru t…
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
⏺Caused by degradation of myelin in CNS... ⏺Most common disorder…
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HPP)
⏺Caused by mutant v-g Na channels in skeletal muscle fibers t…
42 terms
Physiology
Muscle tissue(skeletal)
Muscle tissue(Cardiac)
Muscle tissue (Smooth)
Nervous Tissue
voluntary muscle, striated, arranged in parallel and each can…
striated, intercalated discs
No striations, Digestive tracts, blood vessels, bronchioles
Neurons: Dendrites-receive messages Axons-conduct messages... Ne…
Muscle tissue(skeletal)
voluntary muscle, striated, arranged in parallel and each can…
Muscle tissue(Cardiac)
striated, intercalated discs
112 terms
Physiology
Define Homeostasis
What feedback loop helps with homeosta…
What is the role of the negative feedb…
An example of the negative feedback loop
when the body makes changes to keep a relatively consistent i…
Negative feedbackloop
Measure existing values and compares it to a set point, it in…
Pancreas creating insulin in order to lower blood sugar when…
Define Homeostasis
when the body makes changes to keep a relatively consistent i…
What feedback loop helps with homeosta…
Negative feedbackloop
6 terms
physiology
dynamic/isotonic contractions
static/isometric contractions
anatomical position
sagittal plane
joint angle change (bicep curl)
no joint angle change (wall sit)
example; running
dynamic/isotonic contractions
joint angle change (bicep curl)
static/isometric contractions
no joint angle change (wall sit)
271 terms
Physiology
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
Plasma Membrane
Plasma Membrane ... - Permeable
Plasma Membrane ... - Saturated
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
phospholipid bilayer, internal hydrophobic/lipid tail, extern…
O2, CO2, N2, NO, H2O (aquaporins), glycerol, ethanol, nonpola…
no dbs, no kinks/ pathways=viscous/thick/not fluid
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
Plasma Membrane
phospholipid bilayer, internal hydrophobic/lipid tail, extern…
108 terms
physiology
cell-mediated immunity
Circadian rhythm
Closed circulatory system
Clonal Selection
type of immunity produced by T cells that attack infected or…
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
A circulatory system in which the oxygen-carrying blood cells…
A fundamental mechanism in the development of immunity; antig…
cell-mediated immunity
type of immunity produced by T cells that attack infected or…
Circadian rhythm
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
132 terms
Physiology
Behavior
Behavioral data
Functionalism
Gestalt Psychology
observable actions
observational reports about the behavior of organisms and the…
function of the mind.. concerned with the adaptive purpose an…
created by Maz Wetheimer, " the whole is greater than the som…
Behavior
observable actions
Behavioral data
observational reports about the behavior of organisms and the…
130 terms
Physiology
Why is digestion essential?
product of protein digestion
product of lipid (triglyceride) digest…
product of carbohydrate digestion
1. most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble... 2. ne…
amino acid
glycerol and fatty acids
monosaccharides
Why is digestion essential?
1. most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble... 2. ne…
product of protein digestion
amino acid
17 terms
Physiology
Pneumothorax
Refers to the intracellular mechanisms…
Refers to the sequence of events that…
4... 1. Ventilation or gas exchange betwe…
What sort of major trauma can abolish the transmural pressure?
What is internal respiration? Explain the process.
What is the external respiration?
How many steps are involved in external respiration? Explain…
Pneumothorax
What sort of major trauma can abolish the transmural pressure?
Refers to the intracellular mechanisms…
What is internal respiration? Explain the process.
1,258 terms
Physiology
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
What are the Motor (efferent) nerves r…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
These nerves are responsible for sending information from the…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
153 terms
Physiology
Negative feedback
Positive feedback
Feedforward path
Gap junctions
mechanism activated results in decrease in initial stimulus.…
mechanism activated increases initial stimulus:
anticipates changes which will occur
allows for direct flow of signals between cells. size limted.…
Negative feedback
mechanism activated results in decrease in initial stimulus.…
Positive feedback
mechanism activated increases initial stimulus:
57 terms
Physiology
conformity
regulation
scaling
acute
internal and external conditions are equal
maintains internal consistency regardless of external conditi…
traits vary in regular ways with their body size
minutes/hours
conformity
internal and external conditions are equal
regulation
maintains internal consistency regardless of external conditi…
12 terms
physiology
Thalamus
hypothalamus
amydgala
hippocampus
A structure in the forebrain through which all sensory inform…
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; directs eating,…
-controls many emotional response
Memory
Thalamus
A structure in the forebrain through which all sensory inform…
hypothalamus
A neural structure lying below the thalamus; directs eating,…
70 terms
Physiology
Breaks down cellulose
bacteria produces these short-chain fa…
smooth muscle
skeletal muscle
bacteria
volatile
associated with internal organs and glands. ex; moving food t…
moves bones. ex; kicking. "voluntary muscle" (signal from bra…
Breaks down cellulose
bacteria
bacteria produces these short-chain fa…
volatile
210 terms
Physiology
What is homeostasis
What 4 things are involved in a feedba…
Positive feedback
Negative feedback
The ability of organisms to maintain the ECF within the limit…
controlled variable, sensors (detect change in variable and s…
Increases deviation of the variable e.g childbirth (uterine c…
Decreases deviation from set point e.g body temperature
What is homeostasis
The ability of organisms to maintain the ECF within the limit…
What 4 things are involved in a feedba…
controlled variable, sensors (detect change in variable and s…
12 terms
Physiology
Lymphoid System
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Skeletal System
Defends against infection and disease returns tissue fluid ba…
directs long-term changes in other organ sytems
Processes information;directs immediate response to stimuli,u…
provide skeletal movement; control entrances and exits of dig…
Lymphoid System
Defends against infection and disease returns tissue fluid ba…
Endocrine System
directs long-term changes in other organ sytems
47 terms
Physiology
Physiology
Homeostasis
3 Basic Components to regulatory mecha…
Sensor
What you are doing to keep yourself alive
Keeping conditions inside the body constant. State of constan…
Sensor, effector, integrating center (controller)
Detects deviations in a condition
Physiology
What you are doing to keep yourself alive
Homeostasis
Keeping conditions inside the body constant. State of constan…
Physiology
Diagram of the digestive system
Alimentary Canal
Accessory Organs
Mouth/Oral Cavity
Contains organs through which the food actually passes (esoph…
Organs that assist in digestion but no food passes through th…
The oral cavity begins the process of digestion. The oral cav…
Diagram of the digestive system
Alimentary Canal
Contains organs through which the food actually passes (esoph…
9 terms
Physiology
Consciousness
Circadian Rhythm
REM Sleep
Insomnia
Complete awaraness
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
Most dreams occur- Rapid Eye Movement
Can't sleep everyday
Consciousness
Complete awaraness
Circadian Rhythm
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
138 terms
Physiology
physiology
cell
integumentary muskuloskeletal respirat…
teleological approach
the study of normal functioning of a living organism and its…
smallest unit of structure capable of carrying out processes…
10 systems of human body
explains why
physiology
the study of normal functioning of a living organism and its…
cell
smallest unit of structure capable of carrying out processes…
17 terms
Physiology
Meninges
vestibular apparatus
cochlea
inner ear
a covering of the central nervous systems-made up of three la…
前庭 semicircular canals is balance, sometimes referred to as d…
耳蜗, 就是像蜗牛壳的那个部分, process sounds and send the information down…
made up of cochlea and three semicircular canals
Meninges
a covering of the central nervous systems-made up of three la…
vestibular apparatus
前庭 semicircular canals is balance, sometimes referred to as d…
28 terms
Physiology
Epididymis
Vas deferens
Seminal vesicles
Prostate gland
Epididymis
Vas deferens
57 terms
Physiology
motor neuron
sensory neuron
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
the control center of the body; brain & spinal cord
the network of neurons that stretches throughout the body
motor neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
sensory neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
68 terms
Physiology
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Hyaline Cartilage fibers
Hyaline cartilage locations
Specialized type of connective tissue that consists of a matr…
Amorphous and glassy, consisting of hyaluronic acid, chondroi…
Collagenous
Intercostals, walls of trachea and bronchi, epiphyseal plate,…
Cartilage
Specialized type of connective tissue that consists of a matr…
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Amorphous and glassy, consisting of hyaluronic acid, chondroi…
331 terms
Physiology
4 main functions of membranes
describe the the water molecule
Surface tension
what reduces surface tension?
signaling (receptors)... solute permeation/transport... adhesion an…
dipole and forms H bonds
G=yA... water molecules at the water-air interface are unstable…
surfactants
4 main functions of membranes
signaling (receptors)... solute permeation/transport... adhesion an…
describe the the water molecule
dipole and forms H bonds
13 terms
Physiology
ADH antidiuretic hormone
Hypernatremia
Sodium intra or extracellular? for nex…
Potassium
It's a hormone made by the hypothalamus in the brain and stor…
...
extracellular
intracellular.... Acidosis will shift K ions out of cell... - Alka…
ADH antidiuretic hormone
It's a hormone made by the hypothalamus in the brain and stor…
Hypernatremia
...
22 terms
Physiology
reflex
motor neuron
sensory neuron
interneuron
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
a neuron that passes messages within the CNS
reflex
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
motor neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
12 terms
Physiology
Alveolus
Amylase
Intercostal Muscles
Villi
tiny air sac at the end of a bronchiole in the lungs that pro…
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
Muscles located in between the ribs that play a role in venti…
Tiny finger-shaped structures that cover the inner surface of…
Alveolus
tiny air sac at the end of a bronchiole in the lungs that pro…
Amylase
An enzyme in saliva which breaks food down by chemical means.
60 terms
Physiology
Hydra
Gastrovascular Cavity
Gizzard
Pepsin
A primitive aquatic animal with the most simplistic digestive…
A sack within primitive animals where nutrients are broken do…
A cavity within some animals in which nutrients are mechanica…
A digestive enzyme that is capable of breaking down most prot…
Hydra
A primitive aquatic animal with the most simplistic digestive…
Gastrovascular Cavity
A sack within primitive animals where nutrients are broken do…
147 terms
Physiology
Parts of the Respiratory Conduction Sy…
Muco‐ciliary Escalator
Effect of acetylcholine on bronchioles
Effect of noradrenaline on bronchioles
Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles
Ciliated epithelium pushes mucous layer up, mucous traps part…
Contracts the smooth muscles layer under mucosa decreasing di…
Decreases contraction in the smooth muscle layer under mucosa…
Parts of the Respiratory Conduction Sy…
Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles
Muco‐ciliary Escalator
Ciliated epithelium pushes mucous layer up, mucous traps part…
9 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Steady State
Sensor/Receptor
Glucose
maintenance of a constant "normal" internal environment ... o Ex…
Physiological variable is unchanging, but not necessarily "no…
o Control sensor- somewhere in the brain, picks up on the cha…
(C6 H12 O6), call it blood sugar
Homeostasis
maintenance of a constant "normal" internal environment ... o Ex…
Steady State
Physiological variable is unchanging, but not necessarily "no…
21 terms
Physiology
alcohol metabolism
Ethylene glycol(antifreeze that has sw…
Methanol(wood alcohol)
adrenal medulla
presents with oxolate crystals,oxolate kindey stones by produ…
treatment: Formepizol, Alcoholol
Zona granulosa-ALDOSTERONE(promotes na reuptake,rises in resp…
alcohol metabolism
Ethylene glycol(antifreeze that has sw…
presents with oxolate crystals,oxolate kindey stones by produ…
82 terms
Physiology
Nervous system
What is the nervous system mainly comp…
Major organs of the nervous system are…
Neurons
Responsible for controlling most body functions, enabling org…
Neurons (specialized nerve tissue)... Neuroglia (cells that supp…
Brain, spinal cord, as well as complex sensory organs (eye an…
The functional units of the nervous system and are used to co…
Nervous system
Responsible for controlling most body functions, enabling org…
What is the nervous system mainly comp…
Neurons (specialized nerve tissue)... Neuroglia (cells that supp…
48 terms
physiology
body tissue
organ systems
integumentary
skin layers
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
muscular, skeletal
skin, nails, hair
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
body tissue
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
organ systems
muscular, skeletal
469 terms
physiology
schizophrenia
positive symptoms of schizophrenia
negative symptoms of schizophrenia
what affects to make positive symptoms…
נפש שסועה between ages 16-25. shows in 1% of population
חזיונות שווא, הפראות מחשבות, רעיונות שווא, תעתועי רדיפה ושליט…
תגובות רגשיות רדודות... דלות בדיבור... העדר יוזמה והתמדה... אנהדוניה…
Positive imprint with excess activity of neural circuits and…
schizophrenia
נפש שסועה between ages 16-25. shows in 1% of population
positive symptoms of schizophrenia
חזיונות שווא, הפראות מחשבות, רעיונות שווא, תעתועי רדיפה ושליט…
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