Study sets matching "physiology"

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Study sets matching "physiology"

Physiology
receptive field
receptor potential
adaptation or accomodation
Tonic receptors
area or region where stimulus will produce a response in a si…
type of graded potential
if the stimulus is applied for a long time, there is a stop i…
always respond for however long a stimulus
receptive field
area or region where stimulus will produce a response in a si…
receptor potential
type of graded potential
12 terms
Physiology
EPSP
IPSP
depolarization
hyperpolarization
excitatory post synaptic potential
inhibitory post synaptic potential
membrane potential becomes more positive
membrane potential becomes more negative (K+)
EPSP
excitatory post synaptic potential
IPSP
inhibitory post synaptic potential
Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cells
Tissues
The study of the structure and shape of the body and body par…
The study of how the body and its part work or function
The smallest units of all living things
Consist of groups of similar s that have a common function
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and body par…
Physiology
The study of how the body and its part work or function
Physiology
Botulinum Toxin
Neostigmine
Physostigmine
Edrophonium
-Prevents Release of ACh... -prevents fusion of Ach containing s…
-Reversible Anticholinesterases (Anti-AchE) ... -binds to the ac…
-Reversible Anticholinesterases (Anti-AchE) ... -binds to the ac…
-Reversible Anticholinesterases (Anti-AchE) ... -binds to the ac…
Botulinum Toxin
-Prevents Release of ACh... -prevents fusion of Ach containing s…
Neostigmine
-Reversible Anticholinesterases (Anti-AchE) ... -binds to the ac…
Physiology
efferent division of PNS
somatic motor control regions
events leading up to contraction
myosin ATPase cycle
autonomic... 1. sympathetic: fight or flight... 2. parasympathetic:…
motor cortex (motor neurons)... corticospinal tract... ventral horn…
1. ACh release by somatic motor neuron at neuromuscular junct…
1. tight binding in the rigor state. the crossbridge is at a…
efferent division of PNS
autonomic... 1. sympathetic: fight or flight... 2. parasympathetic:…
somatic motor control regions
motor cortex (motor neurons)... corticospinal tract... ventral horn…
51 terms
Physiology
Fibrous Articulations
3 places to find fibrous articulations
Cartilage Articulations
Examples of cartilage articulations
connections between bones containing fibrous tissue, includes…
Cranium, between tibia and fibula, and teeth
an immobile joint connected with cartilage
growth plates, pubic symphysis, midline of jaw, fibrocartilag…
Fibrous Articulations
connections between bones containing fibrous tissue, includes…
3 places to find fibrous articulations
Cranium, between tibia and fibula, and teeth
Physiology
CSF Circulation Pressure
CSF Production
CSF Removal
Brain Barrier systems functions
(ependymal cilia, heartbeat pulsations)"
Choroid plexuses by ependymal cells
via dural venous sinuses (14.7)
1. selective barriers... 2. allows passage of nutrients (glucos…
CSF Circulation Pressure
(ependymal cilia, heartbeat pulsations)"
CSF Production
Choroid plexuses by ependymal cells
12 terms
Physiology
Facilitated diffusion
Factors that affect the rate of simple…
Factors that affect the rate of facili…
Properties of receptors
• Characteristics of a carrier... • Transmembrane protein... • Has…
• Magnitude of the driving force... • Membrane surface area... • Me…
• Rate of transport of each carrier... • Number of carriers in t…
Saturable, Competable, Specificity
Facilitated diffusion
• Characteristics of a carrier... • Transmembrane protein... • Has…
Factors that affect the rate of simple…
• Magnitude of the driving force... • Membrane surface area... • Me…
10 terms
Physiology
Total body water
ECF
ICF
Plasma volume
tritiated and dueterated water, antipyrine
22Na, I-iothalmate, thiosulfate, inulin
TBW-ECF
albumin, Evans blue dye
Total body water
tritiated and dueterated water, antipyrine
ECF
22Na, I-iothalmate, thiosulfate, inulin
14 terms
Physiology
Meniscus
Osteoclasts
Osteoblast
Osteocyte
Fibrocartilage that separates articulating surface of knee bo…
Cells that erode bone
Bone-forming cell
Mature bone cell
Meniscus
Fibrocartilage that separates articulating surface of knee bo…
Osteoclasts
Cells that erode bone
18 terms
Physiology
Physiology
Pathophysiology
Levels of Organization
Homeostasis
The science that is concerned with the function of the living…
The study of disordered body function
Atom> Molecule> Cell> Tissue> Organ> Organ System> Organism
The maintenance of a stable/ constant internal environment
Physiology
The science that is concerned with the function of the living…
Pathophysiology
The study of disordered body function
Physiology
Arteries
Veins
Carditis
conus arteriosus
efferent vessels
afferent vessels
inflammation of the heart
conical pouch ending at the pulmonary valve
Arteries
efferent vessels
Veins
afferent vessels
16 terms
Physiology
adipocytes
osteocytes
osteoblasts
chondroblasts
(fat cells) predominate and account for 90% of tissue mass
mature bone cells, reside within the matrix they made
produce organic portion of the matrix, then bone salts are de…
Cartilage
adipocytes
(fat cells) predominate and account for 90% of tissue mass
osteocytes
mature bone cells, reside within the matrix they made
169 terms
Physiology
intrinsic
extrinsic
antagonistic effectors
primary tissue: muscle
within organ
regulation by nervous or endocrine systems
increased activity of one effector is accompanied by decreasi…
skeletal, smooth, cardiac, specialized for contraction
intrinsic
within organ
extrinsic
regulation by nervous or endocrine systems
52 terms
Physiology
Fossicle
sarcolema
myofibrils
sarcoplasmic reticulum
bundles of fibers that make up muscle
surrounds muscles
organized bundles of contractile and elastic protein
long tubules (release) and terminal cisternae which sequester…
Fossicle
bundles of fibers that make up muscle
sarcolema
surrounds muscles
Physiology
Cardiac glycoside drug fxn
Cardiac glycosides
Omeprazole
Tetrodotoxin TTX
Na+ - K+ ATPase blocker -> cell depolariztion... Inc myocardial CT
Inc intracellular concen. of Ca2+... Digitalis, Digoxin, and Oub…
Proton pump inh of primary active transport
(toxin from Japanese puffer fish) blocks these voltage-sensit…
Cardiac glycoside drug fxn
Na+ - K+ ATPase blocker -> cell depolariztion... Inc myocardial CT
Cardiac glycosides
Inc intracellular concen. of Ca2+... Digitalis, Digoxin, and Oub…
42 terms
Physiology
Thoracic
Pectoral
Sternal
Mammary
Sternal auxillary
Pecks
Breast bone
Breast
Thoracic
Sternal auxillary
Pectoral
Pecks
Physiology
Neutrophils
Eosinophils
Basophils
Monocytes
Ingest Bacteria
Defense against worms
secrete histamine and heparin
Digest Bacteria and cell debris
Neutrophils
Ingest Bacteria
Eosinophils
Defense against worms
Physiology
Diffusion
2 main parts to diffusion
If solute has a high concentration in…
What happens after sometime in diffusion
the process that includes the random mixing of particles due…
the solutes (dissolved substances) and solvents (liquids that…
low concentration.
particles become equally distributed throughout the solution.
Diffusion
the process that includes the random mixing of particles due…
2 main parts to diffusion
the solutes (dissolved substances) and solvents (liquids that…
5 terms
Physiology
Connective tissue types
fascia
collagen
Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT)
cartilage... derma... tendon... ligmanet... fasica... bone
form of internal skin, surround muscles and separating muscle…
major fibrous element of all connective tissue types and cont…
supports the fetlock in the standing horse, transmits the for…
Connective tissue types
cartilage... derma... tendon... ligmanet... fasica... bone
fascia
form of internal skin, surround muscles and separating muscle…
Physiology
Physiology
Endotherms
Ectotherms
Arctic Plants
The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of…
Organisms which generate their own internal heat--- regulatio…
Organisms which rely on the outside environment for heating--…
Best adapted to the harsh environment: most are desiccation/w…
Physiology
The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of…
Endotherms
Organisms which generate their own internal heat--- regulatio…
19 terms
physiology
physiology
Greek and Latin
Anatomy
the function of a part is ______ relat…
the branch of science that studies how body parts function
languages that form the basis of the language of physiology a…
science deals with the structure of body parts
always
physiology
the branch of science that studies how body parts function
Greek and Latin
languages that form the basis of the language of physiology a…
62 terms
Physiology
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HPP)
Negative feedback
Potential difference
⏺Caused by degradation of myelin in CNS... ⏺Most common disorder…
⏺Caused by mutant v-g Na channels in skeletal muscle fibers t…
"Pulls it back" to optimal range
⏺Measure of potential to do work if any ion could pass thru t…
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
⏺Caused by degradation of myelin in CNS... ⏺Most common disorder…
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HPP)
⏺Caused by mutant v-g Na channels in skeletal muscle fibers t…
Physiology
cell mem reg movement by
tight junctions
gap junctions
adhesion/anchoring junctions
restricting movement... selective movement... messenger signals res…
link only the 2 neighbors = exclude others
communication (welcome to gap)
mechanical and provide structure ... -adherens... desmosomes... hemide…
cell mem reg movement by
restricting movement... selective movement... messenger signals res…
tight junctions
link only the 2 neighbors = exclude others
56 terms
Physiology
Cell
Cytology
cell physiology
cytosol
-BASIC LIVING, structural and functional UNIT of the body... -co…
study of cellular STRUCTURE
study of cellular FUNCTION
intracellular fluid
Cell
-BASIC LIVING, structural and functional UNIT of the body... -co…
Cytology
study of cellular STRUCTURE
Physiology
homeostasis
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
right atrium
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
A vein that is the second largest vein in the human body and…
A vein that is the largest vein in the human body and returns…
The chamber of the heart, where deoxygenated blood is receive…
homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state
superior vena cava
A vein that is the second largest vein in the human body and…
15 terms
Physiology
Osmolal concentration of plasma
5% Glucose solution is initially isoto…
Contributors of plasma osmolality are
Major non-electrolytes that contribute…
Plasma freezing point averages -0.54 degrees C. The osmolal c…
glucose is metabolized, so the net effect is that of infusing…
Na, Cl, HCO3, ( about 270mOsm) ... Glu ( about 5 mOsm/L )... Urea (…
Glucose and Urea
Osmolal concentration of plasma
Plasma freezing point averages -0.54 degrees C. The osmolal c…
5% Glucose solution is initially isoto…
glucose is metabolized, so the net effect is that of infusing…
Physiology
cholesterol
actin
myosin
caveolae
stiffens membrane, affects intracellular communication; build…
thin filament
thick filament
vesicle used for migration, cell signaling, membrane transport
cholesterol
stiffens membrane, affects intracellular communication; build…
actin
thin filament
26 terms
Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Frontal
The study of the location of body structures and their shapes
The study of the function of the body
The study of large structures you can see with your naked eye
The abdominal muscles and the muscles of the back are separat…
Anatomy
The study of the location of body structures and their shapes
Physiology
The study of the function of the body
1,255 terms
Physiology
What structures make up the Central Ne…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Central NS... Peripheral NS... Sensory (Afferent) nerves... Motor (eff…
Informing CNS about what is going on within & outside the body.
What structures make up the Central Ne…
The Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central NS... Peripheral NS... Sensory (Afferent) nerves... Motor (eff…
29 terms
Physiology
Physiology
Homeostasis: positive/ negative feedba…
Homeostatic control
Stimulus
the branch of biology that deals... with the normal functions of…
"the tendency of an organism or cell to regulate its internal…
To maintain homeostasis, communication within the body is ess…
produces a change to a variable (the factor being... regulated)
Physiology
the branch of biology that deals... with the normal functions of…
Homeostasis: positive/ negative feedba…
"the tendency of an organism or cell to regulate its internal…
114 terms
Physiology
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Afferent division
Efferent division
Integrates and issues information... -brain... -spinal cord
Afferent and efferent divisions
Sends info to CNS from senses
Receives info from CNS ... -somatic... -autonomic
Central nervous system
Integrates and issues information... -brain... -spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Afferent and efferent divisions
10 terms
Physiology
anatomy
physiology
tissue
homostasis
study of the structure of the human body (ex: bones)
study of the functions of the human body (ex: digestive break…
group of cells working together (ex: nerves, epidermis)
keeping internal conditions the same (ex: blood ph 7.91)
anatomy
study of the structure of the human body (ex: bones)
physiology
study of the functions of the human body (ex: digestive break…
10 terms
physiology
ANC Resting
glucose
Fructose
glycogen
0.8
the primary fuel source during exercise and physical activity…
fructose degradation occurs primarily in the liver
stored form of glucose
ANC Resting
0.8
glucose
the primary fuel source during exercise and physical activity…
42 terms
Physiology
Muscle tissue(skeletal)
Muscle tissue(Cardiac)
Muscle tissue (Smooth)
Nervous Tissue
voluntary muscle, striated, arranged in parallel and each can…
striated, intercalated discs
No striations, Digestive tracts, blood vessels, bronchioles
Neurons: Dendrites-receive messages Axons-conduct messages... Ne…
Muscle tissue(skeletal)
voluntary muscle, striated, arranged in parallel and each can…
Muscle tissue(Cardiac)
striated, intercalated discs
1,259 terms
Physiology
What structures make up the Central Ne…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
What structures make up the Central Ne…
The Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
1,259 terms
Physiology
What structures make up the Central Ne…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
What structures make up the Central Ne…
The Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
187 terms
Physiology
what are the 3 broad areas of the circ…
what are the 2 subdivisions of the cir…
what are the 4 chambers of the heart?
receives deoxygenated blood from the b…
1. transportation ... respiratory gases, nutrients, waste... 2. re…
cardiovascular system (heart and blood vessels) and lymphatic…
right atrium, left atrium, right ventricle and left ventricle
right atrium
what are the 3 broad areas of the circ…
1. transportation ... respiratory gases, nutrients, waste... 2. re…
what are the 2 subdivisions of the cir…
cardiovascular system (heart and blood vessels) and lymphatic…
1,258 terms
Physiology
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
What are the Motor (efferent) nerves r…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
These nerves are responsible for sending information from the…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
Physiology
Epithelial Cells
5 types of epithelial cells
Connective tissue cell types (3)
two types of fibers produced by fibrob…
cover all surfaces of body that come into contact with outsid…
Squamous: cells are thin & flattened, substances diffuse easi…
fibroblasts: v common; produce two types of fibers which dete…
1. Collagenous (connecting) fibers: composed of collagen, ver…
Epithelial Cells
cover all surfaces of body that come into contact with outsid…
5 types of epithelial cells
Squamous: cells are thin & flattened, substances diffuse easi…
54 terms
Physiology
Cephalon (cephalic)
Cranium (cranial)
Face (facial)
Oris (oral)
Head
Skull
Face
Mouth
Cephalon (cephalic)
Head
Cranium (cranial)
Skull
56 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Variable
Receptor
Control Center
a system in which there is constant regulation to keep the in…
factor or event being regulated
a sensor that monitors the environment and responds to stimul…
determines what level a variable should be maintained, and pr…
Homeostasis
a system in which there is constant regulation to keep the in…
Variable
factor or event being regulated
96 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Positive Feedback
Negative Feedback
Homeostatic Mechanism
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment. Bo…
Deviation from the set point that results in further deviation
Return to set point, after deviation from set point
Regulator, Receptor, Effectors
Homeostasis
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment. Bo…
Positive Feedback
Deviation from the set point that results in further deviation
Physiology
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Axillary
Point of the shoulder
Forearm
Space in front of the elbow
Armpit
Acromial
Point of the shoulder
Antebrachial
Forearm
9 terms
Physiology
Consciousness
Circadian Rhythm
REM Sleep
Insomnia
Complete awaraness
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
Most dreams occur- Rapid Eye Movement
Can't sleep everyday
Consciousness
Complete awaraness
Circadian Rhythm
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
5 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Parameters
Internal environment
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Regulation of internal environment
Stable levels of certain key factors that are essential for t…
Interstitial fluid. Fluid between tissues.
Fluid that surrounds and bathes every cell in the body.
Homeostasis
Regulation of internal environment
Parameters
Stable levels of certain key factors that are essential for t…
Physiology
epiphyseal plate
medullary cavity
red bone marrow
yellow bone marrow
(growth plate) band of cartilage between epiphysis and diaphy…
hollow in diaphysis, smaller areas in epiphysis
makes blood cells and pallets
stores fat
epiphyseal plate
(growth plate) band of cartilage between epiphysis and diaphy…
medullary cavity
hollow in diaphysis, smaller areas in epiphysis
Physiology
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Ectomorph
Endomorph
'With oxygen. If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the…
'Without oxygen'. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts,…
A somatotype, individuals with narrow shoulders and narrow hi…
A somatotype, individuals with wide hips and narrow shoulders…
Aerobic
'With oxygen. If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the…
Anaerobic
'Without oxygen'. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts,…
Physiology
reflex
motor neuron
sensory neuron
interneuron
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
a neuron that passes messages within the CNS
reflex
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
motor neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
11 terms
Physiology
Lipid Bilayer
Permeability of Cell Membrane
1)Passive(nonmediated) transport
2)Passive(nonmediated transport)
Membrane permeable to gases... Membrane proteins-attachment site…
Noncharged molecules
Diffusion through bilayer... -(determined by partition coefficie…
Diffusion through bilayer... -(determined by partition coefficie…
Lipid Bilayer
Membrane permeable to gases... Membrane proteins-attachment site…
Permeability of Cell Membrane
Noncharged molecules
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