Study sets matching "physiology"

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Study sets matching "physiology"

physiology
periosteum
diaphysis
spongy bone
connective tissue
what bone membrane is tough and fiberous?
bone shaft
what membrane lines the i ternal bome structures?
what bone tissue is composed of trabeculae?
periosteum
what bone membrane is tough and fiberous?
diaphysis
bone shaft
108 terms
physiology
cell-mediated immunity
Circadian rhythm
Closed circulatory system
Clonal Selection
type of immunity produced by T cells that attack infected or…
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
A circulatory system in which the oxygen-carrying blood cells…
A fundamental mechanism in the development of immunity; antig…
cell-mediated immunity
type of immunity produced by T cells that attack infected or…
Circadian rhythm
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
1,258 terms
Physiology
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
What are the Motor (efferent) nerves r…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
These nerves are responsible for sending information from the…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
11 terms
Physiology
Lipid Bilayer
Permeability of Cell Membrane
1)Passive(nonmediated) transport
2)Passive(nonmediated transport)
Membrane permeable to gases... Membrane proteins-attachment site…
Noncharged molecules
Diffusion through bilayer... -(determined by partition coefficie…
Diffusion through bilayer... -(determined by partition coefficie…
Lipid Bilayer
Membrane permeable to gases... Membrane proteins-attachment site…
Permeability of Cell Membrane
Noncharged molecules
13 terms
Physiology
Plane
Osteon
Osteocytes
Canalculi
intercarpal and intertarsal joints
Complex consisting of central canal and matrix rings; found i…
Mature bone cells
Tiny canals
Plane
intercarpal and intertarsal joints
Osteon
Complex consisting of central canal and matrix rings; found i…
271 terms
Physiology
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
Plasma Membrane
Plasma Membrane ... - Permeable
Plasma Membrane ... - Saturated
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
phospholipid bilayer, internal hydrophobic/lipid tail, extern…
O2, CO2, N2, NO, H2O (aquaporins), glycerol, ethanol, nonpola…
no dbs, no kinks/ pathways=viscous/thick/not fluid
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
Plasma Membrane
phospholipid bilayer, internal hydrophobic/lipid tail, extern…
787 terms
Physiology
urinary system
kidneys
ureters
urinary bladder
rids the body of waste materials & controls the volume & comp…
paired, bean-shaped organs of the urinary system that produce…
tubular structures that connect the kidneys with the urinary…
muscular reservoir located in the pelvic cavity that receives…
urinary system
rids the body of waste materials & controls the volume & comp…
kidneys
paired, bean-shaped organs of the urinary system that produce…
23 terms
Physiology
Morphology
Signs and symptoms
Sequelae
Validity
the fundamental structure or form of cells or tissues.
the structural and functional changes that accompany a disease.
lesions or impairments that follow or are caused by a disease.
the extent to which a measurement tool measures what it is in…
Morphology
the fundamental structure or form of cells or tissues.
Signs and symptoms
the structural and functional changes that accompany a disease.
9 terms
Physiology
Consciousness
Circadian Rhythm
REM Sleep
Insomnia
Complete awaraness
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
Most dreams occur- Rapid Eye Movement
Can't sleep everyday
Consciousness
Complete awaraness
Circadian Rhythm
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
5 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Parameters
Internal environment
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Regulation of internal environment
Stable levels of certain key factors that are essential for t…
Interstitial fluid. Fluid between tissues.
Fluid that surrounds and bathes every cell in the body.
Homeostasis
Regulation of internal environment
Parameters
Stable levels of certain key factors that are essential for t…
128 terms
physiology
what is physiology
***what are the levels of organization
***what are the 4 types of tissues
***what are the 11 organ systems of th…
the study of function and the nature of humans it deals with…
-Chemical: Simplest level; atoms combine to form molecules, w…
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous.
1. Integumentary system... 2. Skeletal system... 3. Muscular system…
what is physiology
the study of function and the nature of humans it deals with…
***what are the levels of organization
-Chemical: Simplest level; atoms combine to form molecules, w…
Physiology
Head Shadow Effect
Directional Hearing
Pinna Effects of the Ear
Outer Ear Acoustics
The interaural time and intensity differences of a stimulus…
The ear closer to the sound source will perceive the sound as…
Helps funnel sound into the external ear canal which may be a…
15:16 dB increase in sound pressure level at the tympanic mem…
Head Shadow Effect
The interaural time and intensity differences of a stimulus…
Directional Hearing
The ear closer to the sound source will perceive the sound as…
16 terms
physiology
myosin ATPase 2-3X faster in fast fibe…
from slowest to fastest
red muscle fibers
white fibers
slow fibers
Type I, IC, IIC, IIAC, IIA, IIAB, IIB ... Doesn't evaluate myos…
slower... increase myoglobin... increase capillary density... greater…
fast
myosin ATPase 2-3X faster in fast fibe…
slow fibers
from slowest to fastest
Type I, IC, IIC, IIAC, IIA, IIAB, IIB ... Doesn't evaluate myos…
Physiology
reflex
motor neuron
sensory neuron
interneuron
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
a neuron that passes messages within the CNS
reflex
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
motor neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
226 terms
physiology
everything inside a cell is
general chemistry
matter
examples of matter
chemistry
-matter and elements... -reactivity... -chemical bonds... ...
anything that takes up space
solids, liquid's, gasses
everything inside a cell is
chemistry
general chemistry
-matter and elements... -reactivity... -chemical bonds... ...
12 terms
Physiology
Lymphoid System
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Skeletal System
Defends against infection and disease returns tissue fluid ba…
directs long-term changes in other organ sytems
Processes information;directs immediate response to stimuli,u…
provide skeletal movement; control entrances and exits of dig…
Lymphoid System
Defends against infection and disease returns tissue fluid ba…
Endocrine System
directs long-term changes in other organ sytems
70 terms
Physiology
Breaks down cellulose
bacteria produces these short-chain fa…
smooth muscle
skeletal muscle
bacteria
volatile
associated with internal organs and glands. ex; moving food t…
moves bones. ex; kicking. "voluntary muscle" (signal from bra…
Breaks down cellulose
bacteria
bacteria produces these short-chain fa…
volatile
Physiology
chemical level
cellular level
tissue level
organ levels
atoms combine to form molecules.
cells are made up of molecules.
tissues consist of similar types of cells
organs are made up of different types of tissues
chemical level
atoms combine to form molecules.
cellular level
cells are made up of molecules.
Physiology
What is homeostasis
What 4 things are involved in a feedba…
Positive feedback
Negative feedback
The ability of organisms to maintain the ECF within the limit…
controlled variable, sensors (detect change in variable and s…
Increases deviation of the variable e.g childbirth (uterine c…
Decreases deviation from set point e.g body temperature
What is homeostasis
The ability of organisms to maintain the ECF within the limit…
What 4 things are involved in a feedba…
controlled variable, sensors (detect change in variable and s…
Physiology
Physiology
Homeostasis
3 Basic Components to regulatory mecha…
Sensor
What you are doing to keep yourself alive
Keeping conditions inside the body constant. State of constan…
Sensor, effector, integrating center (controller)
Detects deviations in a condition
Physiology
What you are doing to keep yourself alive
Homeostasis
Keeping conditions inside the body constant. State of constan…
Physiology
Renal physiology
Neurophysiology
Cardiovascular physiology
Physiology
Concerns to kidney functions and urine productions
Explains the nervous system
Explains the operations of the heart and blood vessels
Reveals body's dynamics and functions.
Renal physiology
Concerns to kidney functions and urine productions
Neurophysiology
Explains the nervous system
116 terms
Physiology
Hierarchy of Life
Characteristics of Life 1-3
Metabolism
Characteristics of Life 4-7
Atom=> Molecule=> Organelle=> Cell=> Tissue=> Organ=> Organ S…
1. Organization 2. Cellular Composition 3. Metabolism
1. Anabolism + Catabolism 2. The building up and breaking dow…
4. Excretion 5. Responsiveness 6. Movement 7. Homeostasis
Hierarchy of Life
Atom=> Molecule=> Organelle=> Cell=> Tissue=> Organ=> Organ S…
Characteristics of Life 1-3
1. Organization 2. Cellular Composition 3. Metabolism
138 terms
Physiology
physiology
cell
integumentary muskuloskeletal respirat…
teleological approach
the study of normal functioning of a living organism and its…
smallest unit of structure capable of carrying out processes…
10 systems of human body
explains why
physiology
the study of normal functioning of a living organism and its…
cell
smallest unit of structure capable of carrying out processes…
17 terms
Physiology
Meninges
vestibular apparatus
cochlea
inner ear
a covering of the central nervous systems-made up of three la…
前庭 semicircular canals is balance, sometimes referred to as d…
耳蜗, 就是像蜗牛壳的那个部分, process sounds and send the information down…
made up of cochlea and three semicircular canals
Meninges
a covering of the central nervous systems-made up of three la…
vestibular apparatus
前庭 semicircular canals is balance, sometimes referred to as d…
28 terms
Physiology
Epididymis
Vas deferens
Seminal vesicles
Prostate gland
Epididymis
Vas deferens
132 terms
physiology
rhombencephalon
apneustic and pneumotaxic centers
locked-in syndrome
proprioceptors
hindbrain
the 2 respiratory control centers in the pons
damage to ventral pons... causes paralysis in all voluntary musc…
input to cerebellum
rhombencephalon
hindbrain
apneustic and pneumotaxic centers
the 2 respiratory control centers in the pons
120 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
what % of BW is fluid
what % of BW is intracellular fluid
what % of BW is extracellular fluid
maintenance of nearly constant condition in the internal envi…
60%
40%
20%
Homeostasis
maintenance of nearly constant condition in the internal envi…
what % of BW is fluid
60%
92 terms
Physiology
Inactivated is most like the OPEN stat…
Ligand
Agonist
Antagonist
Channel is still open, but small flap on the inner mouth is c…
Ligand that causes the activation of a receptor
Ligand that causes the activation of a receptor
Ligand that causes the inactivation of a receptor
Inactivated is most like the OPEN stat…
Channel is still open, but small flap on the inner mouth is c…
Ligand
Ligand that causes the activation of a receptor
57 terms
Physiology
motor neuron
sensory neuron
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
the control center of the body; brain & spinal cord
the network of neurons that stretches throughout the body
motor neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
sensory neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
68 terms
Physiology
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Hyaline Cartilage fibers
Hyaline cartilage locations
Specialized type of connective tissue that consists of a matr…
Amorphous and glassy, consisting of hyaluronic acid, chondroi…
Collagenous
Intercostals, walls of trachea and bronchi, epiphyseal plate,…
Cartilage
Specialized type of connective tissue that consists of a matr…
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Amorphous and glassy, consisting of hyaluronic acid, chondroi…
48 terms
Physiology
Pathology
Psychology
Historology
Chemical level:
Study of diseases
Study of the mind
Study of tissues
Atom, molecules,
Pathology
Study of diseases
Psychology
Study of the mind
Physiology
Primary force moving water molecules f…
Which of following is involved in regu…
Proteins secreted by cells are
Which of following directs directly on…
Water
Cytochrome c
Found in vesicles and secretory granules
Estradiol
Primary force moving water molecules f…
Water
Which of following is involved in regu…
Cytochrome c
26 terms
Physiology
Name all six types of tissue you
What are the four types of tissue
Epithelial lining ... Name the six functi…
Simple Squamous
1.connective... 2.skeletal... 3.epithelial... 4.nervous... 5. Cardiac... 6.…
1.connective... 2.epithelial... 3. Muscle... 4. Nervous
1.protection... 2.absorption... 3.secretion... 4.excretion... 5.surface t…
Lions blood vessels and air sacs of the lungs, permits exchan…
Name all six types of tissue you
1.connective... 2.skeletal... 3.epithelial... 4.nervous... 5. Cardiac... 6.…
What are the four types of tissue
1.connective... 2.epithelial... 3. Muscle... 4. Nervous
143 terms
Physiology
Negative Feedback
Positive Feedback
Acute Response
Chronic Response
=opposes deviations from a set point
=reinforces deviations from a set point
=short terms, within minutes or hours
=long term, within a few days or more
Negative Feedback
=opposes deviations from a set point
Positive Feedback
=reinforces deviations from a set point
42 terms
Physiology
4 primary tissue types
2 components of ECF
Membrane potential
3 means by which cells are held together
Muscle... Nervous... Epithelial... Connective
plasma and interstitial fluid
Slight excess of negative charges on inside and positive outs…
ECM... CAMs... Specialized cell junctions
4 primary tissue types
Muscle... Nervous... Epithelial... Connective
2 components of ECF
plasma and interstitial fluid
192 terms
Physiology
physiology
nucleus
nucleolus
cytoplasm
study of the functions and activities of living organisms and…
contains genes, DNA, chromosomes; surrounded by a nuclear mem…
densely packed chromosomes, protein and RNA
space between nucleus and cell membrane containing organelles…
physiology
study of the functions and activities of living organisms and…
nucleus
contains genes, DNA, chromosomes; surrounded by a nuclear mem…
105 terms
physiology
The striated appearance of skeletal mu…
Myosin is... A. spherical... B. attached to…
Thick filaments in skeletal muscle are…
Order the following muscle cell compon…
orderly arrangement of thick and thin filaments into A and I…
none of these
myosin
5, 2, 3, 4, 1
The striated appearance of skeletal mu…
orderly arrangement of thick and thin filaments into A and I…
Myosin is... A. spherical... B. attached to…
none of these
30 terms
Physiology
Cervical Spine Flexion (chin to chest)…
Shoulder Flexion (in front of body)... Ex…
Elbow Flexion (lesser angle)... Extension…
Wrist Flexion (toward front in anatomi…
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Cervical Spine Flexion (chin to chest)…
Sagittal Plane
Shoulder Flexion (in front of body)... Ex…
Sagittal Plane
185 terms
physiology
Sickle cell Disease
Symptoms of Sickle cell disease
Treatment of sickle cell disease
Sickle cell affects
Red blood cell has abnormal hemoglobin. Deficiency of oxygen…
Jaundice, rapid heart rate (tachycardia, or palpitations) due…
They should take supplements of folic acid.... Antibiotics and v…
affect the bones of the back, the long bones, and the chest.…
Sickle cell Disease
Red blood cell has abnormal hemoglobin. Deficiency of oxygen…
Symptoms of Sickle cell disease
Jaundice, rapid heart rate (tachycardia, or palpitations) due…
45 terms
physiology
ventricle
Vena Cava
Vein
systolic pressure
One of the two chambers that collect and expel blood. Receive…
One of the two main veins bringing deoxygenated blood from th…
carries deoxygnated blood back to the heart
first number recorded in blood pressure reading. Happens when…
ventricle
One of the two chambers that collect and expel blood. Receive…
Vena Cava
One of the two main veins bringing deoxygenated blood from th…
23 terms
Physiology
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Secretin
first part of small bowel... - shortest and widest... -contains sub…
second part of small bowel... - longest
third part of small bowel... - principle site of water and elect…
stimulate by H+ in duodenum and fatty acids... -increased pancre…
Duodenum
first part of small bowel... - shortest and widest... -contains sub…
Jejunum
second part of small bowel... - longest
60 terms
Physiology
Hydra
Gastrovascular Cavity
Gizzard
Pepsin
A primitive aquatic animal with the most simplistic digestive…
A sack within primitive animals where nutrients are broken do…
A cavity within some animals in which nutrients are mechanica…
A digestive enzyme that is capable of breaking down most prot…
Hydra
A primitive aquatic animal with the most simplistic digestive…
Gastrovascular Cavity
A sack within primitive animals where nutrients are broken do…
5 terms
Physiology
cell transport
diffusion
hypertonic
hypotonic
The process of moving material in and out of cells.
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
cell transport
The process of moving material in and out of cells.
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Physiology
List 3 causes of hypoxic injury
List 3 causes of free radical injury
Describe the mechanisms by which lipid…
Describe how hypoxic injury leads to d…
1. Hypoxemia-decreased O2 content in blood... 2. Anemia-decrease…
1. absorption of extreme energy sources... 2. Endogenous, usuall…
It breaks down the lipids in the cell membranes
decreased O2 delivery leads to anaerobic metabolism which cau…
List 3 causes of hypoxic injury
1. Hypoxemia-decreased O2 content in blood... 2. Anemia-decrease…
List 3 causes of free radical injury
1. absorption of extreme energy sources... 2. Endogenous, usuall…
21 terms
Physiology
alcohol metabolism
Ethylene glycol(antifreeze that has sw…
Methanol(wood alcohol)
adrenal medulla
presents with oxolate crystals,oxolate kindey stones by produ…
treatment: Formepizol, Alcoholol
Zona granulosa-ALDOSTERONE(promotes na reuptake,rises in resp…
alcohol metabolism
Ethylene glycol(antifreeze that has sw…
presents with oxolate crystals,oxolate kindey stones by produ…
18 terms
Physiology
physiological signals
two types of hormones
Cortisol Pathway
Cortisol stimulant
chemical and electrical
steroid and nonsteroid
Steroid ... CRH:Hypothalamus ... ACTH:Anterior Pituitary ... Cortisol:…
Stress... circadian rhythm
physiological signals
chemical and electrical
two types of hormones
steroid and nonsteroid
113 terms
physiology
resting membrane potential in a neuron
Nernst equation used to calculate
equilibrium potential for k+
Na/K- pump exchange
-70 to -80 mV
Equilibrium potential
-84 mV Na> +59mV Threshold>-96mV
2K FOR 3 Na
resting membrane potential in a neuron
-70 to -80 mV
Nernst equation used to calculate
Equilibrium potential
107 terms
Physiology
What is the structure of a neuron?
What are the types of neurons?
Function of a Neuron
Characteristics of a Neuron
Cell body... Dendrites... Axon... Myelin Shealth
Bipolar... Multipolar... Unipolar (pseudounipolar)
Conduct
Excitable (Respond)
What is the structure of a neuron?
Cell body... Dendrites... Axon... Myelin Shealth
What are the types of neurons?
Bipolar... Multipolar... Unipolar (pseudounipolar)
206 terms
Physiology
neural control
autonomic nervous system
sympathetic system
neural control , humoral control
autonomic nervous system, sympathetic system, parasympathetic
controls the heart rate by way of sympathetic and parasympath…
is responsible for an increase in heart rate. Neural response…
how is circulation controlled?
neural control
autonomic nervous system, sympathetic system, parasympathetic
autonomic nervous system
controls the heart rate by way of sympathetic and parasympath…
Physiology
Intervertebral Articulations:
Intervertebral Discs:
Anulus Fibrosus:
Nucleus Pulposus:
between the superior and inferior articular processes of adja…
from axis to sacrum the vertebrae are separated and cushioned…
surrounds nucleus pulposus, tough outer layer of fibrocartila…
a soft, elastic, gelatinous core. Gives the disc resiliency a…
Intervertebral Articulations:
between the superior and inferior articular processes of adja…
Intervertebral Discs:
from axis to sacrum the vertebrae are separated and cushioned…
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