Study sets matching "physiology"

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Study sets matching "physiology"

Physiology
Growth hormone
Thyroid-stimulating
Adrenocorticotropic
Follicle-stimulating
Pituitary gland anterior. Stimulates somatic growth and mobil…
Pituitary. Anterior. Stimulates thyroid gland to release thyr…
Pituitary gland. Anterior. Releases glucocorticoids and andro…
Pituitary gland. Anterior. Production of estrogen and sperm.…
Growth hormone
Pituitary gland anterior. Stimulates somatic growth and mobil…
Thyroid-stimulating
Pituitary. Anterior. Stimulates thyroid gland to release thyr…
physiology
histology
tissue is
name 4 primary tissues
all organs are lined with
study of tissue
similiar groups of cells and cell products that derive from s…
epithelial, connective, nervous, muscular tissue
epithelial tissue
histology
study of tissue
tissue is
similiar groups of cells and cell products that derive from s…
42 terms
Physiology
Muscle tissue(skeletal)
Muscle tissue(Cardiac)
Muscle tissue (Smooth)
Nervous Tissue
voluntary muscle, striated, arranged in parallel and each can…
striated, intercalated discs
No striations, Digestive tracts, blood vessels, bronchioles
Neurons: Dendrites-receive messages Axons-conduct messages... Ne…
Muscle tissue(skeletal)
voluntary muscle, striated, arranged in parallel and each can…
Muscle tissue(Cardiac)
striated, intercalated discs
10 terms
physiology
ANC Resting
glucose
Fructose
glycogen
0.8
the primary fuel source during exercise and physical activity…
fructose degradation occurs primarily in the liver
stored form of glucose
ANC Resting
0.8
glucose
the primary fuel source during exercise and physical activity…
1,259 terms
Physiology
What structures make up the Central Ne…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
What structures make up the Central Ne…
The Brain and Spinal Cord
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
1,258 terms
Physiology
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
What are the Motor (efferent) nerves r…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
These nerves are responsible for sending information from the…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
11 terms
Physiology
Lipid Bilayer
Permeability of Cell Membrane
1)Passive(nonmediated) transport
2)Passive(nonmediated transport)
Membrane permeable to gases... Membrane proteins-attachment site…
Noncharged molecules
Diffusion through bilayer... -(determined by partition coefficie…
Diffusion through bilayer... -(determined by partition coefficie…
Lipid Bilayer
Membrane permeable to gases... Membrane proteins-attachment site…
Permeability of Cell Membrane
Noncharged molecules
54 terms
Physiology
Cephalon (cephalic)
Cranium (cranial)
Face (facial)
Oris (oral)
Head
Skull
Face
Mouth
Cephalon (cephalic)
Head
Cranium (cranial)
Skull
9 terms
Physiology
Consciousness
Circadian Rhythm
REM Sleep
Insomnia
Complete awaraness
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
Most dreams occur- Rapid Eye Movement
Can't sleep everyday
Consciousness
Complete awaraness
Circadian Rhythm
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
56 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Variable
Receptor
Control Center
a system in which there is constant regulation to keep the in…
factor or event being regulated
a sensor that monitors the environment and responds to stimul…
determines what level a variable should be maintained, and pr…
Homeostasis
a system in which there is constant regulation to keep the in…
Variable
factor or event being regulated
5 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Parameters
Internal environment
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Regulation of internal environment
Stable levels of certain key factors that are essential for t…
Interstitial fluid. Fluid between tissues.
Fluid that surrounds and bathes every cell in the body.
Homeostasis
Regulation of internal environment
Parameters
Stable levels of certain key factors that are essential for t…
Physiology
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Axillary
Point of the shoulder
Forearm
Space in front of the elbow
Armpit
Acromial
Point of the shoulder
Antebrachial
Forearm
96 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Positive Feedback
Negative Feedback
Homeostatic Mechanism
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment. Bo…
Deviation from the set point that results in further deviation
Return to set point, after deviation from set point
Regulator, Receptor, Effectors
Homeostasis
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment. Bo…
Positive Feedback
Deviation from the set point that results in further deviation
128 terms
physiology
what is physiology
***what are the levels of organization
***what are the 4 types of tissues
***what are the 11 organ systems of th…
the study of function and the nature of humans it deals with…
-Chemical: Simplest level; atoms combine to form molecules, w…
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous.
1. Integumentary system... 2. Skeletal system... 3. Muscular system…
what is physiology
the study of function and the nature of humans it deals with…
***what are the levels of organization
-Chemical: Simplest level; atoms combine to form molecules, w…
5 terms
Physiology
Erotomania
Delusional disorder
Schizophrenia
Agoraphobia
Delusional belief, more common in women than in men, that som…
A. Nonbizarre delusions (i.e., involving situations that occu…
A group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and…
An abnormal fear of open or public places
Erotomania
Delusional belief, more common in women than in men, that som…
Delusional disorder
A. Nonbizarre delusions (i.e., involving situations that occu…
Physiology
reflex
motor neuron
sensory neuron
interneuron
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
a neuron that passes messages within the CNS
reflex
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
motor neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
physiology
periosteum
diaphysis
spongy bone
connective tissue
what bone membrane is tough and fiberous?
bone shaft
what membrane lines the i ternal bome structures?
what bone tissue is composed of trabeculae?
periosteum
what bone membrane is tough and fiberous?
diaphysis
bone shaft
108 terms
physiology
cell-mediated immunity
Circadian rhythm
Closed circulatory system
Clonal Selection
type of immunity produced by T cells that attack infected or…
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
A circulatory system in which the oxygen-carrying blood cells…
A fundamental mechanism in the development of immunity; antig…
cell-mediated immunity
type of immunity produced by T cells that attack infected or…
Circadian rhythm
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
Physiology
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Ectomorph
Endomorph
'With oxygen. If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the…
'Without oxygen'. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts,…
A somatotype, individuals with narrow shoulders and narrow hi…
A somatotype, individuals with wide hips and narrow shoulders…
Aerobic
'With oxygen. If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the…
Anaerobic
'Without oxygen'. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts,…
12 terms
Physiology
Lymphoid System
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Skeletal System
Defends against infection and disease returns tissue fluid ba…
directs long-term changes in other organ sytems
Processes information;directs immediate response to stimuli,u…
provide skeletal movement; control entrances and exits of dig…
Lymphoid System
Defends against infection and disease returns tissue fluid ba…
Endocrine System
directs long-term changes in other organ sytems
787 terms
Physiology
urinary system
kidneys
ureters
urinary bladder
rids the body of waste materials & controls the volume & comp…
paired, bean-shaped organs of the urinary system that produce…
tubular structures that connect the kidneys with the urinary…
muscular reservoir located in the pelvic cavity that receives…
urinary system
rids the body of waste materials & controls the volume & comp…
kidneys
paired, bean-shaped organs of the urinary system that produce…
23 terms
Physiology
Morphology
Signs and symptoms
Sequelae
Validity
the fundamental structure or form of cells or tissues.
the structural and functional changes that accompany a disease.
lesions or impairments that follow or are caused by a disease.
the extent to which a measurement tool measures what it is in…
Morphology
the fundamental structure or form of cells or tissues.
Signs and symptoms
the structural and functional changes that accompany a disease.
271 terms
Physiology
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
Plasma Membrane
Plasma Membrane ... - Permeable
Plasma Membrane ... - Saturated
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
phospholipid bilayer, internal hydrophobic/lipid tail, extern…
O2, CO2, N2, NO, H2O (aquaporins), glycerol, ethanol, nonpola…
no dbs, no kinks/ pathways=viscous/thick/not fluid
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
Plasma Membrane
phospholipid bilayer, internal hydrophobic/lipid tail, extern…
Physiology
Animal
Cell
Experimental
General
look at animals and their bodily functions
how different cells function
how a part of your body functions (brain)
overall functions of the body
Animal
look at animals and their bodily functions
Cell
how different cells function
Physiology
Head Shadow Effect
Directional Hearing
Pinna Effects of the Ear
Outer Ear Acoustics
The interaural time and intensity differences of a stimulus…
The ear closer to the sound source will perceive the sound as…
Helps funnel sound into the external ear canal which may be a…
15:16 dB increase in sound pressure level at the tympanic mem…
Head Shadow Effect
The interaural time and intensity differences of a stimulus…
Directional Hearing
The ear closer to the sound source will perceive the sound as…
132 terms
physiology
rhombencephalon
apneustic and pneumotaxic centers
locked-in syndrome
proprioceptors
hindbrain
the 2 respiratory control centers in the pons
damage to ventral pons... causes paralysis in all voluntary musc…
input to cerebellum
rhombencephalon
hindbrain
apneustic and pneumotaxic centers
the 2 respiratory control centers in the pons
16 terms
physiology
myosin ATPase 2-3X faster in fast fibe…
from slowest to fastest
red muscle fibers
white fibers
slow fibers
Type I, IC, IIC, IIAC, IIA, IIAB, IIB ... Doesn't evaluate myos…
slower... increase myoglobin... increase capillary density... greater…
fast
myosin ATPase 2-3X faster in fast fibe…
slow fibers
from slowest to fastest
Type I, IC, IIC, IIAC, IIA, IIAB, IIB ... Doesn't evaluate myos…
70 terms
Physiology
Breaks down cellulose
bacteria produces these short-chain fa…
smooth muscle
skeletal muscle
bacteria
volatile
associated with internal organs and glands. ex; moving food t…
moves bones. ex; kicking. "voluntary muscle" (signal from bra…
Breaks down cellulose
bacteria
bacteria produces these short-chain fa…
volatile
226 terms
physiology
everything inside a cell is
general chemistry
matter
examples of matter
chemistry
-matter and elements... -reactivity... -chemical bonds... ...
anything that takes up space
solids, liquid's, gasses
everything inside a cell is
chemistry
general chemistry
-matter and elements... -reactivity... -chemical bonds... ...
26 terms
Physiology
Name all six types of tissue you
What are the four types of tissue
Epithelial lining ... Name the six functi…
Simple Squamous
1.connective... 2.skeletal... 3.epithelial... 4.nervous... 5. Cardiac... 6.…
1.connective... 2.epithelial... 3. Muscle... 4. Nervous
1.protection... 2.absorption... 3.secretion... 4.excretion... 5.surface t…
Lions blood vessels and air sacs of the lungs, permits exchan…
Name all six types of tissue you
1.connective... 2.skeletal... 3.epithelial... 4.nervous... 5. Cardiac... 6.…
What are the four types of tissue
1.connective... 2.epithelial... 3. Muscle... 4. Nervous
Physiology
Primary force moving water molecules f…
Which of following is involved in regu…
Proteins secreted by cells are
Which of following directs directly on…
Water
Cytochrome c
Found in vesicles and secretory granules
Estradiol
Primary force moving water molecules f…
Water
Which of following is involved in regu…
Cytochrome c
Physiology
chemical level
cellular level
tissue level
organ levels
atoms combine to form molecules.
cells are made up of molecules.
tissues consist of similar types of cells
organs are made up of different types of tissues
chemical level
atoms combine to form molecules.
cellular level
cells are made up of molecules.
Physiology
What is homeostasis
What 4 things are involved in a feedba…
Positive feedback
Negative feedback
The ability of organisms to maintain the ECF within the limit…
controlled variable, sensors (detect change in variable and s…
Increases deviation of the variable e.g childbirth (uterine c…
Decreases deviation from set point e.g body temperature
What is homeostasis
The ability of organisms to maintain the ECF within the limit…
What 4 things are involved in a feedba…
controlled variable, sensors (detect change in variable and s…
Physiology
Physiology
Homeostasis
3 Basic Components to regulatory mecha…
Sensor
What you are doing to keep yourself alive
Keeping conditions inside the body constant. State of constan…
Sensor, effector, integrating center (controller)
Detects deviations in a condition
Physiology
What you are doing to keep yourself alive
Homeostasis
Keeping conditions inside the body constant. State of constan…
105 terms
physiology
The striated appearance of skeletal mu…
Myosin is... A. spherical... B. attached to…
Thick filaments in skeletal muscle are…
Order the following muscle cell compon…
orderly arrangement of thick and thin filaments into A and I…
none of these
myosin
5, 2, 3, 4, 1
The striated appearance of skeletal mu…
orderly arrangement of thick and thin filaments into A and I…
Myosin is... A. spherical... B. attached to…
none of these
Physiology
Renal physiology
Neurophysiology
Cardiovascular physiology
Physiology
Concerns to kidney functions and urine productions
Explains the nervous system
Explains the operations of the heart and blood vessels
Reveals body's dynamics and functions.
Renal physiology
Concerns to kidney functions and urine productions
Neurophysiology
Explains the nervous system
138 terms
Physiology
physiology
cell
integumentary muskuloskeletal respirat…
teleological approach
the study of normal functioning of a living organism and its…
smallest unit of structure capable of carrying out processes…
10 systems of human body
explains why
physiology
the study of normal functioning of a living organism and its…
cell
smallest unit of structure capable of carrying out processes…
116 terms
Physiology
Hierarchy of Life
Characteristics of Life 1-3
Metabolism
Characteristics of Life 4-7
Atom=> Molecule=> Organelle=> Cell=> Tissue=> Organ=> Organ S…
1. Organization 2. Cellular Composition 3. Metabolism
1. Anabolism + Catabolism 2. The building up and breaking dow…
4. Excretion 5. Responsiveness 6. Movement 7. Homeostasis
Hierarchy of Life
Atom=> Molecule=> Organelle=> Cell=> Tissue=> Organ=> Organ S…
Characteristics of Life 1-3
1. Organization 2. Cellular Composition 3. Metabolism
17 terms
Physiology
Meninges
vestibular apparatus
cochlea
inner ear
a covering of the central nervous systems-made up of three la…
前庭 semicircular canals is balance, sometimes referred to as d…
耳蜗, 就是像蜗牛壳的那个部分, process sounds and send the information down…
made up of cochlea and three semicircular canals
Meninges
a covering of the central nervous systems-made up of three la…
vestibular apparatus
前庭 semicircular canals is balance, sometimes referred to as d…
28 terms
Physiology
Epididymis
Vas deferens
Seminal vesicles
Prostate gland
Epididymis
Vas deferens
120 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
what % of BW is fluid
what % of BW is intracellular fluid
what % of BW is extracellular fluid
maintenance of nearly constant condition in the internal envi…
60%
40%
20%
Homeostasis
maintenance of nearly constant condition in the internal envi…
what % of BW is fluid
60%
57 terms
Physiology
motor neuron
sensory neuron
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
the control center of the body; brain & spinal cord
the network of neurons that stretches throughout the body
motor neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
sensory neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
68 terms
Physiology
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Hyaline Cartilage fibers
Hyaline cartilage locations
Specialized type of connective tissue that consists of a matr…
Amorphous and glassy, consisting of hyaluronic acid, chondroi…
Collagenous
Intercostals, walls of trachea and bronchi, epiphyseal plate,…
Cartilage
Specialized type of connective tissue that consists of a matr…
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Amorphous and glassy, consisting of hyaluronic acid, chondroi…
48 terms
Physiology
Pathology
Psychology
Historology
Chemical level:
Study of diseases
Study of the mind
Study of tissues
Atom, molecules,
Pathology
Study of diseases
Psychology
Study of the mind
18 terms
Physiology
physiological signals
two types of hormones
Cortisol Pathway
Cortisol stimulant
chemical and electrical
steroid and nonsteroid
Steroid ... CRH:Hypothalamus ... ACTH:Anterior Pituitary ... Cortisol:…
Stress... circadian rhythm
physiological signals
chemical and electrical
two types of hormones
steroid and nonsteroid
92 terms
Physiology
Inactivated is most like the OPEN stat…
Ligand
Agonist
Antagonist
Channel is still open, but small flap on the inner mouth is c…
Ligand that causes the activation of a receptor
Ligand that causes the activation of a receptor
Ligand that causes the inactivation of a receptor
Inactivated is most like the OPEN stat…
Channel is still open, but small flap on the inner mouth is c…
Ligand
Ligand that causes the activation of a receptor
42 terms
Physiology
4 primary tissue types
2 components of ECF
Membrane potential
3 means by which cells are held together
Muscle... Nervous... Epithelial... Connective
plasma and interstitial fluid
Slight excess of negative charges on inside and positive outs…
ECM... CAMs... Specialized cell junctions
4 primary tissue types
Muscle... Nervous... Epithelial... Connective
2 components of ECF
plasma and interstitial fluid
192 terms
Physiology
physiology
nucleus
nucleolus
cytoplasm
study of the functions and activities of living organisms and…
contains genes, DNA, chromosomes; surrounded by a nuclear mem…
densely packed chromosomes, protein and RNA
space between nucleus and cell membrane containing organelles…
physiology
study of the functions and activities of living organisms and…
nucleus
contains genes, DNA, chromosomes; surrounded by a nuclear mem…
143 terms
Physiology
Negative Feedback
Positive Feedback
Acute Response
Chronic Response
=opposes deviations from a set point
=reinforces deviations from a set point
=short terms, within minutes or hours
=long term, within a few days or more
Negative Feedback
=opposes deviations from a set point
Positive Feedback
=reinforces deviations from a set point
113 terms
physiology
resting membrane potential in a neuron
Nernst equation used to calculate
equilibrium potential for k+
Na/K- pump exchange
-70 to -80 mV
Equilibrium potential
-84 mV Na> +59mV Threshold>-96mV
2K FOR 3 Na
resting membrane potential in a neuron
-70 to -80 mV
Nernst equation used to calculate
Equilibrium potential
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