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Study sets matching "physiology"

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Study sets matching "physiology"

50 terms
Physiology
Vesiculobullous (blistering disease)
Pemphigoid (Vesiculobullous)
Pemphigus(Vesiculobullous)
Cicatrical pemphigoid (Vesiculobullous)
Autoimmune disease... pemphigoid Ab targets integrin or colla…
Autoimmune disease ... Lesions in boundary between epidermis an…
Autoimmune disease... Lesions show suprabasilar separation (*ac…
Fibrosis or scarring in conjunctiva, cornea and oral mucosa…
Vesiculobullous (blistering disease)
Autoimmune disease... pemphigoid Ab targets integrin or colla…
Pemphigoid (Vesiculobullous)
Autoimmune disease ... Lesions in boundary between epidermis an…
61 terms
Physiology
Hyperthyroidism
IPF
AKI
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasias
Decreased SVR... Increase contractility... Tachycardia... Afib
Restrictive pattern... Decreased lung volume... Increased elastic r…
Cr > than 0.3 or 50% from baseline... <0.5mL/kg/hr
Multiple AVMs in pulmonary, hepatic, cerebral circulation ... Au…
Hyperthyroidism
Decreased SVR... Increase contractility... Tachycardia... Afib
IPF
Restrictive pattern... Decreased lung volume... Increased elastic r…
9 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Steady State
Sensor/Receptor
Glucose
maintenance of a constant "normal" internal environment ... o Ex…
Physiological variable is unchanging, but not necessarily "no…
o Control sensor- somewhere in the brain, picks up on the cha…
(C6 H12 O6), call it blood sugar
Homeostasis
maintenance of a constant "normal" internal environment ... o Ex…
Steady State
Physiological variable is unchanging, but not necessarily "no…
21 terms
physiology
homeostasis
negative feedback
positive feedback
acclimization
the process by which an internal environment is kept stable d…
when a change in a condition is detected and the body initiat…
a change in the condition that initiates a process to amplify…
ability to adjust to gradual changes in the environment and m…
homeostasis
the process by which an internal environment is kept stable d…
negative feedback
when a change in a condition is detected and the body initiat…
Physiology
an effector,
Characteristics of a control system
Reflex arc
Feed-forward or Open system
a cell or organ that responds to the commands of the control…
1. Controller... 2. Sensor... 3. Feedback signal... 4. Reference signa…
A reflex arc is a neural pathway that controls an action refl…
is a term describing an element or pathway within a control s…
an effector,
a cell or organ that responds to the commands of the control…
Characteristics of a control system
1. Controller... 2. Sensor... 3. Feedback signal... 4. Reference signa…
18 terms
Physiology
physiological signals
two types of hormones
Cortisol Pathway
Cortisol stimulant
chemical and electrical
steroid and nonsteroid
Steroid ... CRH:Hypothalamus ... ACTH:Anterior Pituitary ... Cortisol:…
Stress... circadian rhythm
physiological signals
chemical and electrical
two types of hormones
steroid and nonsteroid
105 terms
Physiology
Cell-mediated Immunity
Circadian Rhythm
Closed Circulatory System
Clonal Selection
An immune response in which killer T cells attack antigen-bea…
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
A circulatory system in which the oxygen-carrying blood cells…
The central principle of adaptive immunity. It is the mechani…
Cell-mediated Immunity
An immune response in which killer T cells attack antigen-bea…
Circadian Rhythm
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
92 terms
Physiology
What does the range tell you?
The Negative Feedback Loop
Blood Pressure Regulation
Priority & Hierarchy
-It tells you there is control... -This could be a number of pat…
1) Sensor to detect parameter (or surrogate)... 2) Internal stan…
- baroreceptors measure blood pressure (1), actually stretch…
-feedback loops can oppose others... -in response to competing p…
What does the range tell you?
-It tells you there is control... -This could be a number of pat…
The Negative Feedback Loop
1) Sensor to detect parameter (or surrogate)... 2) Internal stan…
37 terms
Physiology
Simple Squamous
Simple Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
Simple Cuboidal
Air sacs of the lungs, renal corpuscles of the kidney, endoth…
Kidney tubules, lines the bronchioles, makes up the liver, ma…
Simple Squamous
Air sacs of the lungs, renal corpuscles of the kidney, endoth…
Simple Squamous
131 terms
Physiology
Threshhold
setpoint
specificity
teleological approach
the magnitude or intensity that must be exceeded for a certai…
relative value that should be maintained
A few enzymes exhibit absolute specificity; that is, they wil…
why
Threshhold
the magnitude or intensity that must be exceeded for a certai…
setpoint
relative value that should be maintained
91 terms
Physiology
basic structure &composition
Lipid Rafts
traveling across the membrane
Basic Diffusion
Lipids 35%, Proteins 62%, Carbohydrates 3%
the lipid membrane is not immobile. there are rafts that are…
diffusion, active transport, facilitated diffusion
substances "spread out" from a and area of high concentration…
basic structure &composition
Lipids 35%, Proteins 62%, Carbohydrates 3%
Lipid Rafts
the lipid membrane is not immobile. there are rafts that are…
37 terms
Physiology
Integumentary
Adipose
Macrophage
Fibroblasts
Consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail
Pertaining to fat.
Which of the following cells predominate at the sites of chro…
the most common cells of connective tissue in animals
Integumentary
Consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail
Adipose
Pertaining to fat.
103 terms
physiology
homeostasis
axon
axon
axon terminal
keeps internal conditions constant despite changes happening…
carries impulses away from the cell body of a neutron
neurotransmitters get released
homeostasis
keeps internal conditions constant despite changes happening…
axon
carries impulses away from the cell body of a neutron
38 terms
Physiology
starch source
protein source
lipid source
starch monomers
- noodles, bread, potatoes
- beef, fish, tofu, sushi
- olive oil, lard, butter, fried food
- monosaccharide
starch source
- noodles, bread, potatoes
protein source
- beef, fish, tofu, sushi
17 terms
Physiology
תפוקת לב
Artery
Arteriole
Capillary
זרם הדם/זמן [ליטר/דקה]
כלי דם,התנגדות נמוכה,מהירות זרימה גבוהה
כלי דם,יכולת שינוי רדיוס,בקרה על זרימת דם לאיברים
בהם נעשית הדיפוזיה,מהירות נמוכה
תפוקת לב
זרם הדם/זמן [ליטר/דקה]
Artery
כלי דם,התנגדות נמוכה,מהירות זרימה גבוהה
155 terms
Physiology
Define Physiology
Function of Physiology
Mechanism of Physiology
Homeostasis
How an organism works
why
how
remaining constant with in the body = reacts to change but ca…
Define Physiology
How an organism works
Function of Physiology
why
103 terms
Physiology
What is homeostasis?
What does physiology study?
How is the fluid distributed between i…
What is the universal osmolarity betwe…
The ability of the body to maintain a steady state environmen…
Is the study of various mechanisms that maintain homeostasis.
1/3 Extracellular... 2/3 Intracellular
290 mOsmoles
What is homeostasis?
The ability of the body to maintain a steady state environmen…
What does physiology study?
Is the study of various mechanisms that maintain homeostasis.
76 terms
Physiology
DB Dill
Otto Meyeroff
Glucose
Cells
Research director for the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory ... •Wrote…
Received the Nobel Peace Prize for his research on the metabo…
Most carbohydrates are converted to this in order to be absor…
What is the smallest unit of life in the body?
DB Dill
Research director for the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory ... •Wrote…
Otto Meyeroff
Received the Nobel Peace Prize for his research on the metabo…
48 terms
physiology
sarcoplasmic reticulum
actin
myosin
hip adductors
organelle that stores ca
thin filament... transmit force ... rope
thick filament ... produces force ... pulling ... students
o: pelvic bone... i:medial femur... f:adducts rotates hips
sarcoplasmic reticulum
organelle that stores ca
actin
thin filament... transmit force ... rope
Physiology
Homeostasis
Negative Feedback
Differentiation
Membrane Potential
Maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
Sensor- Integrator- Effector- Compensatory response- normal-…
The process by which cells become specialized in structure to…
A difference in electrical potential or voltage that appears…
Homeostasis
Maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
Negative Feedback
Sensor- Integrator- Effector- Compensatory response- normal-…
202 terms
Physiology
42L
14L
28L
26L
Total body water for a 70Kg adult male
Extracellular fluid volume for a 70Kg adult male
Intracellular fluid volume for a 70Kg adult male
Non-Blood cell fluid volume for a 70Kg adult male
42L
Total body water for a 70Kg adult male
14L
Extracellular fluid volume for a 70Kg adult male
159 terms
Physiology
levels of Organization
Intengumentary system
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
External body covering, synthesizes vitamin d
Protects and supports
locomotion
levels of Organization
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
Intengumentary system
External body covering, synthesizes vitamin d
65 terms
Physiology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Nerves
Efferent Nerves
"power house" - brain and spinal cored
cranial (directly from brain) and spinal nerves (paired nerve…
incoming sensory information ... receptors from Somatic and Visc…
Motor division ... split into Somatic and Autonomic
Central Nervous System
"power house" - brain and spinal cored
Peripheral Nervous System
cranial (directly from brain) and spinal nerves (paired nerve…
22 terms
Physiology
Peroxisomes
Mitochondria
Rough vs smooth ER
Phospholipid bilayer
Small organelles that have enzymes responsible for energy and…
Where energy production takes place and respiration
Rough has ribosomes for protein packaging and production; smo…
Two phospholipid layers, with the inside being hydrophobic an…
Peroxisomes
Small organelles that have enzymes responsible for energy and…
Mitochondria
Where energy production takes place and respiration
124 terms
Physiology
Why is digestion essential?
product of protein digestion
product of lipid (triglyceride) digest…
product of carbohydrate digestion
1. most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble... 2. ne…
amino acid
glycerol and fatty acids
monosaccharides
Why is digestion essential?
1. most food molecules are large polymers and insoluble... 2. ne…
product of protein digestion
amino acid
50 terms
Physiology
Myoglobin
During muscle contraction myosin heads…
Filaments pull on thin filaments?
Causes thin filaments to slid toward c…
Red pigment
Thick filament
Actin
Sarcomere
Myoglobin
Red pigment
During muscle contraction myosin heads…
Thick filament
34 terms
Physiology
systole begins with
second part of systole
Diastole begins with
Second part of diastole
isovolumic contraction, after AV valve closes and before semi…
the pressure increases thus that AoV opens. There is an inc i…
pressure falls such that AoV closes. There is a decreased in…
Pressure continues to fall until ventricular pressure is lowe…
systole begins with
isovolumic contraction, after AV valve closes and before semi…
second part of systole
the pressure increases thus that AoV opens. There is an inc i…
98 terms
physiology
define homeostasis
explain homeostatic control of tempera…
when does pilorection occur
normal blood glucose level
maintenance of internal conditions despite fluctuation outside
increased temp above hypothalamic set point... activates heat lo…
when temperature is below hypothaslmic set point
90mg/100ml
define homeostasis
maintenance of internal conditions despite fluctuation outside
explain homeostatic control of tempera…
increased temp above hypothalamic set point... activates heat lo…
46 terms
Physiology
what is physiology
carbonic anhydrase reaction
What is ECG
pneumothorax
study of bodily function by approaching the problem with meas…
h20+co2<-->hzco3<-->hco3- +h+
electrocardiogram... measures electric field given off by all he…
air in pleural cavity- can lead to collapse
what is physiology
study of bodily function by approaching the problem with meas…
carbonic anhydrase reaction
h20+co2<-->hzco3<-->hco3- +h+
79 terms
Physiology
Action of the muscles of mastication
Role of tongue muscles in chewing
What are the types salivary glands and…
Contents of saliva (SLIM)
- Lateral pterygoids - Jaw opening... - Median pterygoids - Jaw…
- Extrinsic muscles : change tongue position ... - Intrinsic mus…
Parotid : serous secretion... Submandibular (70%) : serous + muc…
Serous secretion: - contains ptyalin ( a-amymalase)... Lingual l…
Action of the muscles of mastication
- Lateral pterygoids - Jaw opening... - Median pterygoids - Jaw…
Role of tongue muscles in chewing
- Extrinsic muscles : change tongue position ... - Intrinsic mus…
71 terms
Physiology
Essential Amino Acids
PVT TIM HALL
Pepsinogen
Trypsin
9 of them that we must metabolize through our diet... Histidine…
Way to remember essential amino acids... Phenylalanine... Valine... T…
Released from chief cells in the stomach (activated to pepsin…
Released from the pancreas into the small intestine.... Breaks…
Essential Amino Acids
9 of them that we must metabolize through our diet... Histidine…
PVT TIM HALL
Way to remember essential amino acids... Phenylalanine... Valine... T…
31 terms
Physiology
Total water body weight
Water in ECF vs ICF
Volume of water
Water in blood
- men = 60%... - women = 50%
- ICF = 60%... - ECF 40%
○ Men - 42 L... ○ Woman - 35 L
About 5.5 Liters... - 3 L plasma... - 2.5 L in RBC, WBC, platelets
Total water body weight
- men = 60%... - women = 50%
Water in ECF vs ICF
- ICF = 60%... - ECF 40%
27 terms
Physiology
Created by hairs standing straight up
Growing layer of epidermis
Layer with blood vessels to help epide…
Chemical that replaces cytoplasm in na…
Goosebumps
Basal
Papillary
keratin
Created by hairs standing straight up
Goosebumps
Growing layer of epidermis
Basal
44 terms
Physiology
Plantar
Sural
Popliteal
Femoral
Bottom foot
Calf
Behind the knee
Thigh
Plantar
Bottom foot
Sural
Calf
241 terms
Physiology
Cell differentation
Homostatsis
Set point sensors
Negative feedback
Cell becomes specialiezed to preform a specific functiom
Dynamic process ex. Body temp
(Homeostatic control)... Body knows range that certain processes…
Common... Product in the pathway used in a pathway used to shut…
Cell differentation
Cell becomes specialiezed to preform a specific functiom
Homostatsis
Dynamic process ex. Body temp
52 terms
Physiology
Biology
Botany
Zoology
Morphology
study of living organisms
biology: specific study of plants
biology: specific study of animals
biology: specific study form, structure, and relationships of…
Biology
study of living organisms
Botany
biology: specific study of plants
53 terms
Physiology
Proximal
Distal
Anterior
Posterior
close to point of attachment (shoulders and hips)
further away from point of attachment (shoulders and hips)
Front half of body// what comes first
Back half of the body// what comes last
Proximal
close to point of attachment (shoulders and hips)
Distal
further away from point of attachment (shoulders and hips)
188 terms
Physiology
What is hydrostatic pressure?
what is filtration?
Is filtration a passive or active proc…
In the kidney, ____________ are retain…
pressure causing by the pumping of the heart
the movement of solute particles and solvent particles and th…
passive because no cellular energy is requires
proteins... urea... glucose
What is hydrostatic pressure?
pressure causing by the pumping of the heart
what is filtration?
the movement of solute particles and solvent particles and th…
12 terms
Physiology
Lymphatic (immune system)
Endocrine (hormonal)
Nervous system
Skeletal system
Defends against infection and disease; returns tissue fluid t…
Directs long-term changes in other organ systems
Directs immediate response to stimuli; usually by coordinatin…
Provides support; protects tissues; stores minerals; forms bl…
Lymphatic (immune system)
Defends against infection and disease; returns tissue fluid t…
Endocrine (hormonal)
Directs long-term changes in other organ systems
19 terms
Physiology
Normal osmolarity of cellular/body flu…
Liters of extracellular blood in the b…
Liters of interstitial fluid
Liters of intracellular fluid
300 milliosomoles/L
14L
11L
28L
Normal osmolarity of cellular/body flu…
300 milliosomoles/L
Liters of extracellular blood in the b…
14L
113 terms
Physiology
what are the currencies of cell signal…
hydrophilic first messengers
lipophilic first messengers
how are ER and ThR different?
conformation, localization, concentration, protein-protein in…
AA derived: epinephrine, NE, acetylcholine. amino acids: glut…
steroids: estrogen, gases: NO
ER is bound to chaperone in cytosol and binds to estrogen whi…
what are the currencies of cell signal…
conformation, localization, concentration, protein-protein in…
hydrophilic first messengers
AA derived: epinephrine, NE, acetylcholine. amino acids: glut…
17 terms
Physiology
Flow=
Circulatory System
Pressure=
Flow is
Pressure gradient/ resistance
Closed system
force exerted by blood
from high pressure to low pressure
Flow=
Pressure gradient/ resistance
Circulatory System
Closed system
20 terms
Physiology
epiphyseal plate
medullary cavity
red bone marrow
yellow bone marrow
(growth plate) band of cartilage between epiphysis and diaphy…
hollow in diaphysis, smaller areas in epiphysis
makes blood cells and pallets
stores fat
epiphyseal plate
(growth plate) band of cartilage between epiphysis and diaphy…
medullary cavity
hollow in diaphysis, smaller areas in epiphysis
187 terms
Physiology
In an inactive state, you don't notice…
Think of some situations in which you…
The work of breathing is the result of…
What is the mechanical difference betw…
...
...
...
...
In an inactive state, you don't notice…
...
Think of some situations in which you…
...
65 terms
Physiology
physiologist
anatomy
scalpel
cell
生理学家
解剖学,人体结构
解剖刀
细胞
physiologist
生理学家
anatomy
解剖学,人体结构
10 terms
Physiology
Total body water
ECF
ICF
Plasma volume
tritiated and dueterated water, antipyrine
22Na, I-iothalmate, thiosulfate, inulin
TBW-ECF
albumin, Evans blue dye
Total body water
tritiated and dueterated water, antipyrine
ECF
22Na, I-iothalmate, thiosulfate, inulin
31 terms
Physiology
Arteries
Veins
Carditis
conus arteriosus
efferent vessels
afferent vessels
inflammation of the heart
conical pouch ending at the pulmonary valve
Arteries
efferent vessels
Veins
afferent vessels
25 terms
Physiology
Synsacrum
Alula
Carpometacarpus
Hallux
fused avian pelvis
small projection on anterior wing edge... -functions as slit and…
fused tip of the wing
hind toe
Synsacrum
fused avian pelvis
Alula
small projection on anterior wing edge... -functions as slit and…
12 terms
Physiology
EPSP
IPSP
depolarization
hyperpolarization
excitatory post synaptic potential
inhibitory post synaptic potential
membrane potential becomes more positive
membrane potential becomes more negative (K+)
EPSP
excitatory post synaptic potential
IPSP
inhibitory post synaptic potential
52 terms
Physiology
Fossicle
sarcolema
myofibrils
sarcoplasmic reticulum
bundles of fibers that make up muscle
surrounds muscles
organized bundles of contractile and elastic protein
long tubules (release) and terminal cisternae which sequester…
Fossicle
bundles of fibers that make up muscle
sarcolema
surrounds muscles
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