Study sets matching "physiology"

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Study sets matching "physiology"

1,258 terms
Physiology
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
Sensory nerves
What are the Motor (efferent) nerves r…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
These nerves are responsible for sending information from the…
What is the breakdown of our Nervous s…
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nervous System... Sensory (Aff…
Sensory nerves are responsible for what?
These nerves are responsible for informing the CNS about what…
physiology
periosteum
diaphysis
spongy bone
connective tissue
what bone membrane is tough and fiberous?
bone shaft
what membrane lines the i ternal bome structures?
what bone tissue is composed of trabeculae?
periosteum
what bone membrane is tough and fiberous?
diaphysis
bone shaft
5 terms
Physiology
Erotomania
Delusional disorder
Schizophrenia
Agoraphobia
Delusional belief, more common in women than in men, that som…
A. Nonbizarre delusions (i.e., involving situations that occu…
A group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and…
An abnormal fear of open or public places
Erotomania
Delusional belief, more common in women than in men, that som…
Delusional disorder
A. Nonbizarre delusions (i.e., involving situations that occu…
70 terms
Physiology
Breaks down cellulose
bacteria produces these short-chain fa…
smooth muscle
skeletal muscle
bacteria
volatile
associated with internal organs and glands. ex; moving food t…
moves bones. ex; kicking. "voluntary muscle" (signal from bra…
Breaks down cellulose
bacteria
bacteria produces these short-chain fa…
volatile
108 terms
physiology
cell-mediated immunity
Circadian rhythm
Closed circulatory system
Clonal Selection
type of immunity produced by T cells that attack infected or…
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
A circulatory system in which the oxygen-carrying blood cells…
A fundamental mechanism in the development of immunity; antig…
cell-mediated immunity
type of immunity produced by T cells that attack infected or…
Circadian rhythm
A physiological cycle of about 24 hours that is present in al…
271 terms
Physiology
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
Plasma Membrane
Plasma Membrane ... - Permeable
Plasma Membrane ... - Saturated
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
phospholipid bilayer, internal hydrophobic/lipid tail, extern…
O2, CO2, N2, NO, H2O (aquaporins), glycerol, ethanol, nonpola…
no dbs, no kinks/ pathways=viscous/thick/not fluid
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
ECF/ICF TRANSPORTERS
Plasma Membrane
phospholipid bilayer, internal hydrophobic/lipid tail, extern…
Physiology
What is homeostasis
What 4 things are involved in a feedba…
Positive feedback
Negative feedback
The ability of organisms to maintain the ECF within the limit…
controlled variable, sensors (detect change in variable and s…
Increases deviation of the variable e.g childbirth (uterine c…
Decreases deviation from set point e.g body temperature
What is homeostasis
The ability of organisms to maintain the ECF within the limit…
What 4 things are involved in a feedba…
controlled variable, sensors (detect change in variable and s…
Physiology
Physiology
Homeostasis
3 Basic Components to regulatory mecha…
Sensor
What you are doing to keep yourself alive
Keeping conditions inside the body constant. State of constan…
Sensor, effector, integrating center (controller)
Detects deviations in a condition
Physiology
What you are doing to keep yourself alive
Homeostasis
Keeping conditions inside the body constant. State of constan…
116 terms
Physiology
Hierarchy of Life
Characteristics of Life 1-3
Metabolism
Characteristics of Life 4-7
Atom=> Molecule=> Organelle=> Cell=> Tissue=> Organ=> Organ S…
1. Organization 2. Cellular Composition 3. Metabolism
1. Anabolism + Catabolism 2. The building up and breaking dow…
4. Excretion 5. Responsiveness 6. Movement 7. Homeostasis
Hierarchy of Life
Atom=> Molecule=> Organelle=> Cell=> Tissue=> Organ=> Organ S…
Characteristics of Life 1-3
1. Organization 2. Cellular Composition 3. Metabolism
96 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Positive Feedback
Negative Feedback
Homeostatic Mechanism
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment. Bo…
Deviation from the set point that results in further deviation
Return to set point, after deviation from set point
Regulator, Receptor, Effectors
Homeostasis
Maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment. Bo…
Positive Feedback
Deviation from the set point that results in further deviation
138 terms
Physiology
physiology
cell
integumentary muskuloskeletal respirat…
teleological approach
the study of normal functioning of a living organism and its…
smallest unit of structure capable of carrying out processes…
10 systems of human body
explains why
physiology
the study of normal functioning of a living organism and its…
cell
smallest unit of structure capable of carrying out processes…
9 terms
Physiology
Consciousness
Circadian Rhythm
REM Sleep
Insomnia
Complete awaraness
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
Most dreams occur- Rapid Eye Movement
Can't sleep everyday
Consciousness
Complete awaraness
Circadian Rhythm
Common state of alertness about 24 cycles
5 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Parameters
Internal environment
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
Regulation of internal environment
Stable levels of certain key factors that are essential for t…
Interstitial fluid. Fluid between tissues.
Fluid that surrounds and bathes every cell in the body.
Homeostasis
Regulation of internal environment
Parameters
Stable levels of certain key factors that are essential for t…
17 terms
Physiology
Meninges
vestibular apparatus
cochlea
inner ear
a covering of the central nervous systems-made up of three la…
前庭 semicircular canals is balance, sometimes referred to as d…
耳蜗, 就是像蜗牛壳的那个部分, process sounds and send the information down…
made up of cochlea and three semicircular canals
Meninges
a covering of the central nervous systems-made up of three la…
vestibular apparatus
前庭 semicircular canals is balance, sometimes referred to as d…
28 terms
Physiology
Epididymis
Vas deferens
Seminal vesicles
Prostate gland
Epididymis
Vas deferens
120 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
what % of BW is fluid
what % of BW is intracellular fluid
what % of BW is extracellular fluid
maintenance of nearly constant condition in the internal envi…
60%
40%
20%
Homeostasis
maintenance of nearly constant condition in the internal envi…
what % of BW is fluid
60%
98 terms
physiology
define homeostasis
explain homeostatic control of tempera…
when does pilorection occur
normal blood glucose level
maintenance of internal conditions despite fluctuation outside
increased temp above hypothalamic set point... activates heat lo…
when temperature is below hypothaslmic set point
90mg/100ml
define homeostasis
maintenance of internal conditions despite fluctuation outside
explain homeostatic control of tempera…
increased temp above hypothalamic set point... activates heat lo…
57 terms
Physiology
motor neuron
sensory neuron
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
the control center of the body; brain & spinal cord
the network of neurons that stretches throughout the body
motor neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
sensory neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
68 terms
Physiology
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Hyaline Cartilage fibers
Hyaline cartilage locations
Specialized type of connective tissue that consists of a matr…
Amorphous and glassy, consisting of hyaluronic acid, chondroi…
Collagenous
Intercostals, walls of trachea and bronchi, epiphyseal plate,…
Cartilage
Specialized type of connective tissue that consists of a matr…
Hyaline Cartilage Matrix
Amorphous and glassy, consisting of hyaluronic acid, chondroi…
16 terms
physiology
myosin ATPase 2-3X faster in fast fibe…
from slowest to fastest
red muscle fibers
white fibers
slow fibers
Type I, IC, IIC, IIAC, IIA, IIAB, IIB ... Doesn't evaluate myos…
slower... increase myoglobin... increase capillary density... greater…
fast
myosin ATPase 2-3X faster in fast fibe…
slow fibers
from slowest to fastest
Type I, IC, IIC, IIAC, IIA, IIAB, IIB ... Doesn't evaluate myos…
12 terms
Physiology
Lymphoid System
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Skeletal System
Defends against infection and disease returns tissue fluid ba…
directs long-term changes in other organ sytems
Processes information;directs immediate response to stimuli,u…
provide skeletal movement; control entrances and exits of dig…
Lymphoid System
Defends against infection and disease returns tissue fluid ba…
Endocrine System
directs long-term changes in other organ sytems
226 terms
physiology
everything inside a cell is
general chemistry
matter
examples of matter
chemistry
-matter and elements... -reactivity... -chemical bonds... ...
anything that takes up space
solids, liquid's, gasses
everything inside a cell is
chemistry
general chemistry
-matter and elements... -reactivity... -chemical bonds... ...
Physiology
reflex
motor neuron
sensory neuron
interneuron
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
a neuron that passes messages from the body to the CNS
a neuron that passes messages within the CNS
reflex
an involuntary response to a stimulus; happens very quickly b…
motor neuron
a neuron that passes messages from the CNS to the body
Physiology
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Ectomorph
Endomorph
'With oxygen. If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the…
'Without oxygen'. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts,…
A somatotype, individuals with narrow shoulders and narrow hi…
A somatotype, individuals with wide hips and narrow shoulders…
Aerobic
'With oxygen. If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the…
Anaerobic
'Without oxygen'. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts,…
Physiology
Animal
Cell
Experimental
General
look at animals and their bodily functions
how different cells function
how a part of your body functions (brain)
overall functions of the body
Animal
look at animals and their bodily functions
Cell
how different cells function
Physiology
Renal physiology
Neurophysiology
Cardiovascular physiology
Physiology
Concerns to kidney functions and urine productions
Explains the nervous system
Explains the operations of the heart and blood vessels
Reveals body's dynamics and functions.
Renal physiology
Concerns to kidney functions and urine productions
Neurophysiology
Explains the nervous system
132 terms
physiology
rhombencephalon
apneustic and pneumotaxic centers
locked-in syndrome
proprioceptors
hindbrain
the 2 respiratory control centers in the pons
damage to ventral pons... causes paralysis in all voluntary musc…
input to cerebellum
rhombencephalon
hindbrain
apneustic and pneumotaxic centers
the 2 respiratory control centers in the pons
26 terms
Physiology
Name all six types of tissue you
What are the four types of tissue
Epithelial lining ... Name the six functi…
Simple Squamous
1.connective... 2.skeletal... 3.epithelial... 4.nervous... 5. Cardiac... 6.…
1.connective... 2.epithelial... 3. Muscle... 4. Nervous
1.protection... 2.absorption... 3.secretion... 4.excretion... 5.surface t…
Lions blood vessels and air sacs of the lungs, permits exchan…
Name all six types of tissue you
1.connective... 2.skeletal... 3.epithelial... 4.nervous... 5. Cardiac... 6.…
What are the four types of tissue
1.connective... 2.epithelial... 3. Muscle... 4. Nervous
92 terms
Physiology
Inactivated is most like the OPEN stat…
Ligand
Agonist
Antagonist
Channel is still open, but small flap on the inner mouth is c…
Ligand that causes the activation of a receptor
Ligand that causes the activation of a receptor
Ligand that causes the inactivation of a receptor
Inactivated is most like the OPEN stat…
Channel is still open, but small flap on the inner mouth is c…
Ligand
Ligand that causes the activation of a receptor
143 terms
Physiology
Negative Feedback
Positive Feedback
Acute Response
Chronic Response
=opposes deviations from a set point
=reinforces deviations from a set point
=short terms, within minutes or hours
=long term, within a few days or more
Negative Feedback
=opposes deviations from a set point
Positive Feedback
=reinforces deviations from a set point
60 terms
Physiology
Hydra
Gastrovascular Cavity
Gizzard
Pepsin
A primitive aquatic animal with the most simplistic digestive…
A sack within primitive animals where nutrients are broken do…
A cavity within some animals in which nutrients are mechanica…
A digestive enzyme that is capable of breaking down most prot…
Hydra
A primitive aquatic animal with the most simplistic digestive…
Gastrovascular Cavity
A sack within primitive animals where nutrients are broken do…
5 terms
Physiology
cell transport
diffusion
hypertonic
hypotonic
The process of moving material in and out of cells.
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
cell transport
The process of moving material in and out of cells.
diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
31 terms
Physiology
Describe proteins of C.M ??
How many types of proteins are in C.M??
why many integral proteins provide str…
These proteins channels also have Sele…
Most of them are Glycoprotien
1- Integral proteins (protrude all the way through membrane…
through which water molecules... and water-soluble substances, e…
allow preferential diffusion of some substances over others
Describe proteins of C.M ??
Most of them are Glycoprotien
How many types of proteins are in C.M??
1- Integral proteins (protrude all the way through membrane…
18 terms
Physiology
physiological signals
two types of hormones
Cortisol Pathway
Cortisol stimulant
chemical and electrical
steroid and nonsteroid
Steroid ... CRH:Hypothalamus ... ACTH:Anterior Pituitary ... Cortisol:…
Stress... circadian rhythm
physiological signals
chemical and electrical
two types of hormones
steroid and nonsteroid
71 terms
Physiology
Essential Amino Acids
PVT TIM HALL
Pepsinogen
Trypsin
9 of them that we must metabolize through our diet... Histidine…
Way to remember essential amino acids... Phenylalanine... Valine... T…
Released from chief cells in the stomach (activated to pepsin…
Released from the pancreas into the small intestine.... Breaks…
Essential Amino Acids
9 of them that we must metabolize through our diet... Histidine…
PVT TIM HALL
Way to remember essential amino acids... Phenylalanine... Valine... T…
21 terms
Physiology
alcohol metabolism
Ethylene glycol(antifreeze that has sw…
Methanol(wood alcohol)
adrenal medulla
presents with oxolate crystals,oxolate kindey stones by produ…
treatment: Formepizol, Alcoholol
Zona granulosa-ALDOSTERONE(promotes na reuptake,rises in resp…
alcohol metabolism
Ethylene glycol(antifreeze that has sw…
presents with oxolate crystals,oxolate kindey stones by produ…
206 terms
Physiology
neural control
autonomic nervous system
sympathetic system
neural control , humoral control
autonomic nervous system, sympathetic system, parasympathetic
controls the heart rate by way of sympathetic and parasympath…
is responsible for an increase in heart rate. Neural response…
how is circulation controlled?
neural control
autonomic nervous system, sympathetic system, parasympathetic
autonomic nervous system
controls the heart rate by way of sympathetic and parasympath…
215 terms
Physiology
water molecule interactions
surface tension
surfactant
lung surfactant
electrostatic interactions; Hydrogen bonds
molecules at air-water interface have higher energy; ... G= gamm…
amphipathic molecule that lowers surface tension = "surface a…
water-air interface increases during lung expansion (breathin…
water molecule interactions
electrostatic interactions; Hydrogen bonds
surface tension
molecules at air-water interface have higher energy; ... G= gamm…
50 terms
Physiology
Vesiculobullous (blistering disease)
Pemphigoid (Vesiculobullous)
Pemphigus(Vesiculobullous)
Cicatrical pemphigoid (Vesiculobullous)
Autoimmune disease... pemphigoid Ab targets integrin or colla…
Autoimmune disease ... Lesions in boundary between epidermis an…
Autoimmune disease... Lesions show suprabasilar separation (*ac…
Fibrosis or scarring in conjunctiva, cornea and oral mucosa…
Vesiculobullous (blistering disease)
Autoimmune disease... pemphigoid Ab targets integrin or colla…
Pemphigoid (Vesiculobullous)
Autoimmune disease ... Lesions in boundary between epidermis an…
48 terms
physiology
body tissue
organ systems
integumentary
skin layers
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
muscular, skeletal
skin, nails, hair
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
body tissue
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
organ systems
muscular, skeletal
103 terms
physiology
homeostasis
axon
axon
axon terminal
keeps internal conditions constant despite changes happening…
carries impulses away from the cell body of a neutron
neurotransmitters get released
homeostasis
keeps internal conditions constant despite changes happening…
axon
carries impulses away from the cell body of a neutron
38 terms
Physiology
starch source
protein source
lipid source
starch monomers
- noodles, bread, potatoes
- beef, fish, tofu, sushi
- olive oil, lard, butter, fried food
- monosaccharide
starch source
- noodles, bread, potatoes
protein source
- beef, fish, tofu, sushi
61 terms
Physiology
Hyperthyroidism
IPF
AKI
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasias
Decreased SVR... Increase contractility... Tachycardia... Afib
Restrictive pattern... Decreased lung volume... Increased elastic r…
Cr > than 0.3 or 50% from baseline... <0.5mL/kg/hr
Multiple AVMs in pulmonary, hepatic, cerebral circulation ... Au…
Hyperthyroidism
Decreased SVR... Increase contractility... Tachycardia... Afib
IPF
Restrictive pattern... Decreased lung volume... Increased elastic r…
155 terms
Physiology
Define Physiology
Function of Physiology
Mechanism of Physiology
Homeostasis
How an organism works
why
how
remaining constant with in the body = reacts to change but ca…
Define Physiology
How an organism works
Function of Physiology
why
44 terms
Physiology
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
abdominal region
the point of the shoulder
forearm
anterior surface of the elbow
Abdominal
abdominal region
Acromial
the point of the shoulder
Physiology
leukocytosis
leukopenia
polycythemia and blood doping
leucopoiesis
"increase" in white cell count
decrease white cell count
excessive RBC numbers... injection of extra RBC
production of WBC
leukocytosis
"increase" in white cell count
leukopenia
decrease white cell count
Physiology
DB Dill
Otto Meyeroff
Glucose
Cells
Research director for the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory ... •Wrote…
Received the Nobel Peace Prize for his research on the metabo…
Most carbohydrates are converted to this in order to be absor…
What is the smallest unit of life in the body?
DB Dill
Research director for the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory ... •Wrote…
Otto Meyeroff
Received the Nobel Peace Prize for his research on the metabo…
9 terms
Physiology
matter
element
atom
chemical symbol
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
A one or two letter representation of an element
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
48 terms
physiology
sarcoplasmic reticulum
actin
myosin
hip adductors
organelle that stores ca
thin filament... transmit force ... rope
thick filament ... produces force ... pulling ... students
o: pelvic bone... i:medial femur... f:adducts rotates hips
sarcoplasmic reticulum
organelle that stores ca
actin
thin filament... transmit force ... rope
Physiology
Homeostasis
Negative Feedback
Differentiation
Membrane Potential
Maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
Sensor- Integrator- Effector- Compensatory response- normal-…
The process by which cells become specialized in structure to…
A difference in electrical potential or voltage that appears…
Homeostasis
Maintenance of optimal and constant internal environment need…
Negative Feedback
Sensor- Integrator- Effector- Compensatory response- normal-…
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