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Study sets matching "physiology"

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Study sets matching "physiology"

Physiology
efferent division of PNS
somatic motor control regions
events leading up to contraction
myosin ATPase cycle
autonomic... 1. sympathetic: fight or flight... 2. parasympathetic:…
motor cortex (motor neurons)... corticospinal tract... ventral horn…
1. ACh release by somatic motor neuron at neuromuscular junct…
1. tight binding in the rigor state. the crossbridge is at a…
efferent division of PNS
autonomic... 1. sympathetic: fight or flight... 2. parasympathetic:…
somatic motor control regions
motor cortex (motor neurons)... corticospinal tract... ventral horn…
25 terms
Physiology
Synsacrum
Alula
Carpometacarpus
Hallux
fused avian pelvis
small projection on anterior wing edge... -functions as slit and…
fused tip of the wing
hind toe
Synsacrum
fused avian pelvis
Alula
small projection on anterior wing edge... -functions as slit and…
Physiology
CSF Circulation Pressure
CSF Production
CSF Removal
Brain Barrier systems functions
(ependymal cilia, heartbeat pulsations)"
Choroid plexuses by ependymal cells
via dural venous sinuses (14.7)
1. selective barriers... 2. allows passage of nutrients (glucos…
CSF Circulation Pressure
(ependymal cilia, heartbeat pulsations)"
CSF Production
Choroid plexuses by ependymal cells
52 terms
Physiology
Fossicle
sarcolema
myofibrils
sarcoplasmic reticulum
bundles of fibers that make up muscle
surrounds muscles
organized bundles of contractile and elastic protein
long tubules (release) and terminal cisternae which sequester…
Fossicle
bundles of fibers that make up muscle
sarcolema
surrounds muscles
26 terms
Physiology
"A cutting open"... The study of internal…
Connective... Epithelial... muscle... Neural
Epithelial
The study of how living organisms perf…
What is Anatomy
What are the four basic tissue types?
Which tissue type shows layers of cells?
What is Physiology
"A cutting open"... The study of internal…
What is Anatomy
Connective... Epithelial... muscle... Neural
What are the four basic tissue types?
26 terms
Physiology
-Blasts
-Clasts
-Cytes
Stratified Squamous
Builders
Break down the matrix
Maintain the matrix
Many layers of flat cells, Protect against chemicals and abra…
-Blasts
Builders
-Clasts
Break down the matrix
17 terms
Physiology
Cervical Spine Flexion (chin to chest)…
Shoulder Flexion (in front of body)... Ex…
Elbow Flexion (lesser angle)... Extension…
Wrist Flexion (toward front in anatomi…
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Sagittal Plane
Cervical Spine Flexion (chin to chest)…
Sagittal Plane
Shoulder Flexion (in front of body)... Ex…
Sagittal Plane
85 terms
Physiology
Coagulation: Extrinsic Pathway
Coagulation: Intrinsic Pathway
Extrinsic Tenase Complex
Prothrombinase Complex
Clotting test used is Prothrombin Time (PT)... Tissue factor (T…
Clotting test used is Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)... Insi…
Extrinsic pathway... Calcium ... VIIa (7a)... Tissue Factor
Calcium... Xa (10a)... Negatively charged membrane (monocytes, plat…
Coagulation: Extrinsic Pathway
Clotting test used is Prothrombin Time (PT)... Tissue factor (T…
Coagulation: Intrinsic Pathway
Clotting test used is Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)... Insi…
198 terms
Physiology
Surfactants, lower, infant respiratory…
phospholipids
membranes
loosely, tightly
_________ are Amphiphilic molecules like phosphatidylcholine…
Membranes consist mostly of ?
_________ perform many functions:... -transport... -signal transd…
Membrane proteins in the lipid bilayer may be bound ________…
Surfactants, lower, infant respiratory…
_________ are Amphiphilic molecules like phosphatidylcholine…
phospholipids
Membranes consist mostly of ?
10 terms
Physiology
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Above. Close to head
Below. Close to feet
Towards front of body
Towards back of body
Superior
Above. Close to head
Inferior
Below. Close to feet
155 terms
Physiology
Dilators of Alveoli
Constrictors of Alveoli
Anatomic Dead Space (Vd)
Total Minute Ventilation (V.e)
- increase pressure of oxygen... - decrease CO2 pressure... - incre…
- decrease pressure of oxygen... - increase CO2 pressure... - decre…
The volume of gas during each cycle that remains in the condu…
In the amount of air inspired or expired per minute, which eq…
Dilators of Alveoli
- increase pressure of oxygen... - decrease CO2 pressure... - incre…
Constrictors of Alveoli
- decrease pressure of oxygen... - increase CO2 pressure... - decre…
125 terms
Physiology
Resting potential of slow response tis…
Resting potential of fast response tis…
Slow response tissues
Fast response tissues
(-65mV) - (-50mV)
(-95mV) - (-65mV)
SA node... AV node
Atrium... Ventricle
Resting potential of slow response tis…
(-65mV) - (-50mV)
Resting potential of fast response tis…
(-95mV) - (-65mV)
38 terms
Physiology
Circulatory
Digestive
Endo Craddick system
Mechanism approach
Transfer material between cells of the body think heart and b…
Convert food into particles that can be transported into the…
...
The ability to explain the mechanisms that underlie physiolog…
Circulatory
Transfer material between cells of the body think heart and b…
Digestive
Convert food into particles that can be transported into the…
51 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Equilibrium
Metabolism
Anabolic reaction
Any process that actively maintains a fairly stable environme…
when the outside and inside environments are unchanging and b…
All of the chemical reactions in one's body
creating covalent bonds- needs energy
Homeostasis
Any process that actively maintains a fairly stable environme…
Equilibrium
when the outside and inside environments are unchanging and b…
12 terms
Physiology
Homeostasis
Cholesterol in cell membrane
SGLT 1 protein
Crypts of Lieberkühn
The constancy of the internal environment to allow body syste…
Cholesterol gives cell membrane rigidity
Contransporter. Secondary active transport. Absorption of sod…
Small crevices in the small intestine where goblet cells secr…
Homeostasis
The constancy of the internal environment to allow body syste…
Cholesterol in cell membrane
Cholesterol gives cell membrane rigidity
53 terms
Physiology
Physiology
Levels of Structural Organization
Atom
Molecule
the study of the body functions
Chemical ➡️ molecular ➡️ cellular➡️ tissue➡️ organ➡️ organ sy…
Base of the chemical level of organization; building blocks o…
Made up of multiple cells
Physiology
the study of the body functions
Levels of Structural Organization
Chemical ➡️ molecular ➡️ cellular➡️ tissue➡️ organ➡️ organ sy…
6 terms
Physiology
homeostasis
direct exchange of materials
specialized cells
60%
maintenence of stable physical and biochemical candidates in…
single celled organisms & small, simple multicellular animal…
complex, multicelluar organisms
of our bodies are made up of water
homeostasis
maintenence of stable physical and biochemical candidates in…
direct exchange of materials
single celled organisms & small, simple multicellular animal…
32 terms
Physiology
Define physiology
Define homeostasis
Describe negative feedback systems
Negative Feedback System and its compo…
Physiology is the study of normal functioning of a living org…
Homeostasis is the ability of the body to maintain a relative…
If the body fails to control the growth of cells it can lead…
Variable and its set points, sensor, control center, and effe…
Define physiology
Physiology is the study of normal functioning of a living org…
Define homeostasis
Homeostasis is the ability of the body to maintain a relative…
46 terms
Physiology
Genital
Gluteal
Inguinal
Lumbar
External reproductive organs
Butt
Between abdomen and thigh (groin)
Lower back
Genital
External reproductive organs
Gluteal
Butt
34 terms
Physiology
physiology
mechanistic
teleologic
Dynamic Steady State
study of how the body works
how the system works
why the system works
range of where certain system wants to stay
physiology
study of how the body works
mechanistic
how the system works
111 terms
Physiology
Blood test for liver damage
OTC
CPSI
Fasted State
Elevated blood concentrations of aspartate transaminase (AS…
Issue with ornathine transcarbamylase... Most common urea cycle…
Defects in carbamoyl phosphate synthetase-I... Most severe urea…
In the liver, a lot of glutamate produced from:... - alanine co…
Blood test for liver damage
Elevated blood concentrations of aspartate transaminase (AS…
OTC
Issue with ornathine transcarbamylase... Most common urea cycle…
Physiology
receptive field
receptor potential
adaptation or accomodation
Tonic receptors
area or region where stimulus will produce a response in a si…
type of graded potential
if the stimulus is applied for a long time, there is a stop i…
always respond for however long a stimulus
receptive field
area or region where stimulus will produce a response in a si…
receptor potential
type of graded potential
139 terms
Physiology
What is the difference between Extrace…
What are the three types of ECF?
What is the most abundant cation found…
What are the main functions of ECF?
ECF is within the vessels and vasculature... ICF is within the c…
Plasma... Interstitial Fluid... Transcellular Fluid (Synovial, Dige…
Na+
Muscle contraction... Impulse transmission... Fluid and electrolyte…
What is the difference between Extrace…
ECF is within the vessels and vasculature... ICF is within the c…
What are the three types of ECF?
Plasma... Interstitial Fluid... Transcellular Fluid (Synovial, Dige…
81 terms
Physiology
Glucose
Glycogen
Glycogenolysis
Gluconeogenesis
Sugar that the body uses to create energy
Stored glucose (chains of glucose)
Turning glycogen back into glucose (breaking up of glycogen i…
Turning lipids or proteins into glucose
Glucose
Sugar that the body uses to create energy
Glycogen
Stored glucose (chains of glucose)
17 terms
physiology
P
QRS
T
pulmonary circulation
depolarization of atria
depolarization of ventricles
re-polarization of ventricle
right side of the heart, main function is to provide gas exch…
P
depolarization of atria
QRS
depolarization of ventricles
22 terms
Physiology
Physiology
nerve nets
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Agnathans 360 mya evolved
how organisms maintain homeostasis
-most ancient nervous systems, still occur today in sea aneno…
occur in bilaterally symmetrical animals
brain that has all the basic components of ours
Physiology
how organisms maintain homeostasis
nerve nets
-most ancient nervous systems, still occur today in sea aneno…
14 terms
Physiology
Coronal plane
Sagittal plane
Midsagittal plane
Transverse plane (axial)
Divides the body into anterior and posterior sides
Divides the body into right and left sides
Divides the body through the midline
Horizontal plane
Coronal plane
Divides the body into anterior and posterior sides
Sagittal plane
Divides the body into right and left sides
79 terms
Physiology
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebracial
Antecubital
Anterior
Point of shoulder
Upper limb between elbow and hand
Anterior surface of elbow
Abdominal
Anterior
Acromial
Point of shoulder
17 terms
Physiology
Coronary Arteries
Heart Murmur
Angina Pectoralis
Hypertension
Nourish the myocardium with blood
Mutation:... Irregular heart sounds. Can be an indication of val…
Aaaaooooch in my Pectoralis muscle:... When the myocardium is de…
Hyped up blood pressure:... Hypertension is the technical term f…
Coronary Arteries
Nourish the myocardium with blood
Heart Murmur
Mutation:... Irregular heart sounds. Can be an indication of val…
18 terms
Physiology
Hemoglobin
Red blood cells
Hematocrit
White blood cells
Protein involved in the transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide
Their primary function is the transport of oxygen and carbon…
A procedure performed to determine the percentage of blood ce…
Protect from various forms of diseases
Hemoglobin
Protein involved in the transfer of oxygen and carbon dioxide
Red blood cells
Their primary function is the transport of oxygen and carbon…
30 terms
Physiology
Suspensory ligament
Cerebrum
Cornea
Cerebellum
Controls shape Of the lens for focus and suspends lens behind…
Controls thought and memory, largest part of the brain
Transparent part of the eye that refracts light inward throug…
Part of the brain responsible for coordination, balance and e…
Suspensory ligament
Controls shape Of the lens for focus and suspends lens behind…
Cerebrum
Controls thought and memory, largest part of the brain
74 terms
Physiology
Tp wave
PR interval
QRS complex
QT interval
atrial muscle repolarization (same time as QRS)
0.12-0.2s (0.16s)... beginning of atrial depolarization to begin…
0.06-0.10s (0.08s)... total ventricular depolarization
0.36-0.43s (0.40s)... ventricular muscle activity
Tp wave
atrial muscle repolarization (same time as QRS)
PR interval
0.12-0.2s (0.16s)... beginning of atrial depolarization to begin…
136 terms
Physiology
Z band
M Line
I Band
H zone
The end of the sacromere where ACTIN is anchored
found in the middle of the sacromeres where MYOSIN is anchored
Composed of THIN filaments only
Composed of THICK filaments only
Z band
The end of the sacromere where ACTIN is anchored
M Line
found in the middle of the sacromeres where MYOSIN is anchored
74 terms
physiology
pulse rate is expected to increase aft…
the pulse rate and the persons heart r…
before exercise the blood flow was nor…
blood flow changed. it decreased becau…
What was your volunteer's pulse rate (pulses per minute) befo…
How does the pulse rate that you recorded relate to that pers…
What was blood flow through your volunteer's finger before an…
If the blood flow changed, what do you think the physiologica…
pulse rate is expected to increase aft…
What was your volunteer's pulse rate (pulses per minute) befo…
the pulse rate and the persons heart r…
How does the pulse rate that you recorded relate to that pers…
43 terms
Physiology
Acromial
Antebrachial
Antecubital
Axillary
Point of the shoulder
Forearm
Space in front of the elbow
Armpit
Acromial
Point of the shoulder
Antebrachial
Forearm
128 terms
physiology
what is physiology
***what are the levels of organization
***what are the 4 types of tissues
***what are the 11 organ systems of th…
the study of function and the nature of humans it deals with…
-Chemical: Simplest level; atoms combine to form molecules, w…
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous.
1. Integumentary system... 2. Skeletal system... 3. Muscular system…
what is physiology
the study of function and the nature of humans it deals with…
***what are the levels of organization
-Chemical: Simplest level; atoms combine to form molecules, w…
14 terms
Physiology
Meniscus
Osteoclasts
Osteoblast
Osteocyte
Fibrocartilage that separates articulating surface of knee bo…
Cells that erode bone
Bone-forming cell
Mature bone cell
Meniscus
Fibrocartilage that separates articulating surface of knee bo…
Osteoclasts
Cells that erode bone
16 terms
Physiology
adipocytes
osteocytes
osteoblasts
chondroblasts
(fat cells) predominate and account for 90% of tissue mass
mature bone cells, reside within the matrix they made
produce organic portion of the matrix, then bone salts are de…
Cartilage
adipocytes
(fat cells) predominate and account for 90% of tissue mass
osteocytes
mature bone cells, reside within the matrix they made
187 terms
Physiology
what are the 3 broad areas of the circ…
what are the 2 subdivisions of the cir…
what are the 4 chambers of the heart?
receives deoxygenated blood from the b…
1. transportation ... respiratory gases, nutrients, waste... 2. re…
cardiovascular system (heart and blood vessels) and lymphatic…
right atrium, left atrium, right ventricle and left ventricle
right atrium
what are the 3 broad areas of the circ…
1. transportation ... respiratory gases, nutrients, waste... 2. re…
what are the 2 subdivisions of the cir…
cardiovascular system (heart and blood vessels) and lymphatic…
260 terms
Physiology
Endocrine Glands
What are steroid hormones derived from?
What are the major endocrine organs in…
Where is glucagon produced?
glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream ra…
cholesterol
-Hypothalamus... -Pineal Gland... -Pituitary Gland... -Thyroid ... -Parat…
In the alpha cells of the islets in the pancreas
Endocrine Glands
glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream ra…
What are steroid hormones derived from?
cholesterol
787 terms
Physiology
urinary system
kidneys
ureters
urinary bladder
rids the body of waste materials & controls the volume & comp…
paired, bean-shaped organs of the urinary system that produce…
tubular structures that connect the kidneys with the urinary…
muscular reservoir located in the pelvic cavity that receives…
urinary system
rids the body of waste materials & controls the volume & comp…
kidneys
paired, bean-shaped organs of the urinary system that produce…
PHYSIOLOGY
Colour of stratified parakeratinized e…
Palatine glands
Mixed stage of dental eruption, which…
The maxillary Branch of the trigeminal…
Intense red
pure mucous glands
The first permanent molar
The inferior orbital fissure
Colour of stratified parakeratinized e…
Intense red
Palatine glands
pure mucous glands
10 terms
physiology
Gap junction
contact-dependent signaling
neurocrine molecules
Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs)
protein channels that create cytoplasmic bridges between adja…
Surface molecules on one cell membrane bind to a membrane pro…
Chemicals secreted by neurons
first known for their role in cell-to-cell adhesion, have now…
Gap junction
protein channels that create cytoplasmic bridges between adja…
contact-dependent signaling
Surface molecules on one cell membrane bind to a membrane pro…
133 terms
Physiology
Integration
Pathophysiology
Physiology
Plasma: Interstitial Fluid: Intracellu…
how parts of the body work together at various levels of inte…
diseased state of functioning in the body
the study of how living organisms function
7 % total body water: 26 %: 67%
Integration
how parts of the body work together at various levels of inte…
Pathophysiology
diseased state of functioning in the body
20 terms
Physiology
Newton's first law of motion, states t…
All matter has ________
Newtons Second law of motion. States t…
Newtons third law of motion. If a forc…
Law of inertia. Ex: pushing a ball, wheely chair, cruise cont…
inertia. Moving an object requires an outside force greater t…
Law of Acceleration. (objects with less mass takes less force…
Law of action-reaction. Ex: action= foot down. reaction= brin…
Newton's first law of motion, states t…
Law of inertia. Ex: pushing a ball, wheely chair, cruise cont…
All matter has ________
inertia. Moving an object requires an outside force greater t…
12 terms
Physiology
Facilitated diffusion
Factors that affect the rate of simple…
Factors that affect the rate of facili…
Properties of receptors
• Characteristics of a carrier... • Transmembrane protein... • Has…
• Magnitude of the driving force... • Membrane surface area... • Me…
• Rate of transport of each carrier... • Number of carriers in t…
Saturable, Competable, Specificity
Facilitated diffusion
• Characteristics of a carrier... • Transmembrane protein... • Has…
Factors that affect the rate of simple…
• Magnitude of the driving force... • Membrane surface area... • Me…
154 terms
Physiology
Primary force moving water molecules f…
Which of following is involved in regu…
Proteins secreted by cells are
Which of following directs directly on…
Water
Cytochrome c
Found in vesicles and secretory granules
Estradiol
Primary force moving water molecules f…
Water
Which of following is involved in regu…
Cytochrome c
Physiology
Diffusion
2 main parts to diffusion
If solute has a high concentration in…
What happens after sometime in diffusion
the process that includes the random mixing of particles due…
the solutes (dissolved substances) and solvents (liquids that…
low concentration.
particles become equally distributed throughout the solution.
Diffusion
the process that includes the random mixing of particles due…
2 main parts to diffusion
the solutes (dissolved substances) and solvents (liquids that…
72 terms
Physiology
Fascia
Tendon
Bone
Fascicle
Organ in the vertebral skeletonBand or sheet of connective ti…
Flexible, inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue at…
Organ in the vertebral skeleton
A bundle of skeletal muscle fibers
Fascia
Organ in the vertebral skeletonBand or sheet of connective ti…
Tendon
Flexible, inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue at…
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