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Study sets matching "planets chapter 8"

18 terms
Chapter 8: Jovian Planets
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
- Mainly H and He... - Mass compressed so denser than Saturn
- Mainly H and He... - Least dense ... - Large layers... - Fastest winds
- Mainly H compounds ... - No liquid/metallic layer
- Mainly H compounds ... - No liquid/metallic layer
Jupiter
- Mainly H and He... - Mass compressed so denser than Saturn
Saturn
- Mainly H and He... - Least dense ... - Large layers... - Fastest winds
18 terms
Chapter 8: Jovian Planets
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
- Mainly H and He... - Mass compressed so denser than Saturn
- Mainly H and He... - Least dense ... - Large layers... - Fastest winds
- Mainly H compounds ... - No liquid/metallic layer
- Mainly H compounds ... - No liquid/metallic layer
Jupiter
- Mainly H and He... - Mass compressed so denser than Saturn
Saturn
- Mainly H and He... - Least dense ... - Large layers... - Fastest winds
10 terms
Chapter 8 Science - Planets
Astronomical Units
Isaac Newton
geocentric theory
heliocentric theory
average distance between the Earth and the Sun
developed the universal law of gravitation
the idea that all objects in space travelled around the Earth
says the Sun is the center of the solar system and everything…
Astronomical Units
average distance between the Earth and the Sun
Isaac Newton
developed the universal law of gravitation
14 terms
Chapter 8: Planets, Moons, and Stars
Lunar Cycle
axis
Moon phases
star
How long it takes for the Moon to revolve around the Earth on…
An imaginary line that runs from the top of the Earth to the…
The different shapes of the Moon that we see from Earth.
ball of hot gas that gives off heat and light
Lunar Cycle
How long it takes for the Moon to revolve around the Earth on…
axis
An imaginary line that runs from the top of the Earth to the…
8 terms
Chapter 8 planets
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
First planet in the solar system; Smallest plamet in the sola…
Second planet; its surface is hidden by thick clouds of mostl…
Earth is the third planet; 70% of earth's surface is cover by…
The fourth planet; people call it the "red planet" the soil c…
Mercury
First planet in the solar system; Smallest plamet in the sola…
Venus
Second planet; its surface is hidden by thick clouds of mostl…
Chapter 8, Jovian Planets
Some of the ______ of the Jovian plan…
The mass of Saturn can be determined b…
Jupiter is ____ the only Jovian planet…
If Jupiter were ___ times more massive…
moons, atmospheres... Some of the moons of the Jovian planets…
Kepler's 3rd Law, single ice particle, rings... The mass of Sat…
NOT, large storms... Jupiter is the NOT only Jovian planet with…
10, smaller... If Jupiter were 10 times more massive, it would…
Some of the ______ of the Jovian plan…
moons, atmospheres... Some of the moons of the Jovian planets…
The mass of Saturn can be determined b…
Kepler's 3rd Law, single ice particle, rings... The mass of Sat…
41 terms
Human Planet: Chapter 8
The Tunguska Event
1. Asteroids... 2. meteoroids... 3. comets
asteroid belt
Oort Cloud
Case History: ... June 30, 1908: blue-white fireball exploded ov…
Periodic drama caused by continued impact of material form ou…
Meteoroids and asteroids come from the _______________ betwee…
comets come from the Kuiper belt or ________ _________
The Tunguska Event
Case History: ... June 30, 1908: blue-white fireball exploded ov…
1. Asteroids... 2. meteoroids... 3. comets
Periodic drama caused by continued impact of material form ou…
12 terms
Chapter 8: Planets, Moons, and Stars
rotate
revolve
phase
solar system
to spin
to move around another object
each shape of the Moon we see
a system made up of a star and the objects that move around it
rotate
to spin
revolve
to move around another object
40 terms
Chapter 8: Jovian Planets
composition
Timing
location
density order
jupiter & saturn: H/He gas... Uran & Nept: hydro compound, water…
earlier formation = capture more h/he, capture end with solar…
denser part of nebular, planets form first
highest neptune, uranus, saturn, jupiter, outer planets more…
composition
jupiter & saturn: H/He gas... Uran & Nept: hydro compound, water…
Timing
earlier formation = capture more h/he, capture end with solar…
30 terms
Chapter 8: The Jovian Planets
Great Red Spot
Tidal Heating
Orbital Resonance
Jupiter's Size
Large, high pressure storm on Jupiter that is twice the size…
A source of internal heating created by tidal friction (arise…
One object's orbital period is a simple ratio of another obje…
11 Earths
Great Red Spot
Large, high pressure storm on Jupiter that is twice the size…
Tidal Heating
A source of internal heating created by tidal friction (arise…
Science, Chapter 8; Planets, Moons, and Star
axis
crater
constellation
orbit
A line through the center of a spinning object
A hollow area, or pit, in the ground.
A group of stars that seems to form a picture
The regular path one object travels around another
axis
A line through the center of a spinning object
crater
A hollow area, or pit, in the ground.
8 terms
Planets, Moons, and Stars Chapter 8 (Grade 3)
rotate
axis
revolve
orbit
to spin
an imaginary line through the center of a spinning object
to move around another object
the path an object takes as it moves around another object
rotate
to spin
axis
an imaginary line through the center of a spinning object
18 terms
Chapter 8 Jovian Planets
The compositions of Uranus and Neptune…
Neptune and Uranus probably took longe…
You could fit roughly _____ Jupiters a…
Each season is 42 years long on Uranus…
B.) water ice
B.) not as dense
C.) 10; 10
B.) they change on the timescale of Uranus's orbital period
The compositions of Uranus and Neptune…
B.) water ice
Neptune and Uranus probably took longe…
B.) not as dense
12 terms
Science, Chapter 8; Planets, Moons, and Star
axis
crater
constellation
orbit
A line through the center of a spinning object
A hollow area, or pit, in the ground.
A group of stars that seems to form a picture
The regular path one object travels around another
axis
A line through the center of a spinning object
crater
A hollow area, or pit, in the ground.
45 terms
Third Planet Chapter 8
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
James Hutton
Law of Superposition
Landscape developed by catastrophes... - James Ussher, mid-1600s…
- Fundamental principle of geology ... - "The present is the key…
- Wrote "Theory of the Earth" (published in the late 1700s)
- Developed by Nicolaus Steno in 1669... - In an undeformed sequ…
Catastrophism
Landscape developed by catastrophes... - James Ussher, mid-1600s…
Uniformitarianism
- Fundamental principle of geology ... - "The present is the key…
75 terms
Digital Planet Chapter 8-10
Global Positioning System (GPS)[+ GPS…
Grid Computing*
Hotspot*
Instant Messaging (IM)~
GPS is the name given to the positioning system around the wo…
P2P except instead of sharing files, process power is shared…
Wireless access point.
AIM.
Global Positioning System (GPS)[+ GPS…
GPS is the name given to the positioning system around the wo…
Grid Computing*
P2P except instead of sharing files, process power is shared…
35 terms
Planet Earth Chapter 8
burial metamorphism
contact/thermal metamorphism
differential stress
dynamic metamorphism
Metamorphism due only to the consequences of very deep burial.
Metamorphism caused by heat conducted into country rock from…
A condition causing a material to experience a push or pull i…
Metamorphism that occurs as a consequence of shearing alone,…
burial metamorphism
Metamorphism due only to the consequences of very deep burial.
contact/thermal metamorphism
Metamorphism caused by heat conducted into country rock from…
28 terms
Planet Earth Chapter 8
Uniformitarianism
Actualism
Numerical Age
Relative Time
is the principle that is stated more succinctly as "the prese…
the term comes closer to conveying Hutton's principle that th…
(absolute age) the age given in years or some other unit of t…
the sequence in which events took place, rather than the numb…
Uniformitarianism
is the principle that is stated more succinctly as "the prese…
Actualism
the term comes closer to conveying Hutton's principle that th…
12 terms
Planets, Moons, and Stars Chapter 8
Crater
Planet
Phase
Axis
A hollow area, or pit, in the ground
A large body of rock or gas with a nearly round shape that re…
Each Shape of the Moon we see
A line through the center of a spinning object
Crater
A hollow area, or pit, in the ground
Planet
A large body of rock or gas with a nearly round shape that re…
16 terms
Chapter 8 Planets, Moons, and Stars - content
How many days does it take Earth to ma…
Orion is a _?_ that we can see in the…
What does the moon look like during a…
When does the Nothern Hemisphere begin…
365
Constellation
Looks complete
When it is tilted toward the sun
How many days does it take Earth to ma…
365
Orion is a _?_ that we can see in the…
Constellation
20 terms
Planet Earth & the Moon - Chapter 8
Half of the moon (we don't see the bac…
Taking astronauts into space
Different amounts of the lighted half…
The sun is lower in the sky in the mor…
When we see the moon from earth, how much of the moon are we…
Which of the following is not a contribution of the Hubble sp…
What causes the moon to appear differently over the course of…
Why are shadows longer in the morning than at noon?
Half of the moon (we don't see the bac…
When we see the moon from earth, how much of the moon are we…
Taking astronauts into space
Which of the following is not a contribution of the Hubble sp…
24 terms
Astronomy Chapter 8: The Outer Planets
List two characteristics that place Ju…
How many Earths could fit inside the G…
How long has the Great Red Spot existe…
Of what is Jupiter's core composed?
Largest and most massive
2
Since AD 1656 (Thanks Galileo)
Rock, Metal, and Ice (Size of Earth)
List two characteristics that place Ju…
Largest and most massive
How many Earths could fit inside the G…
2
17 terms
Planets - 4th Grade; Chapter 8
Asteroids
Axis
Constellation
Craters
Large chunks of rocks or metal in space
A real or imaginary line that an object spins around
A group of stars that make a pattern or a picture.
A hollow area or pit in the ground
Asteroids
Large chunks of rocks or metal in space
Axis
A real or imaginary line that an object spins around
23 terms
Chapter 8: The Dynamic Planet
Crust:
Moho:
Mantle:
Core:
Continental (granite)... Oceanic (basalt
Lithosphere
(80% of total volume)... Rigid (peridotite)... Asthenosphere ("plas…
(Fe, Ni)... Outer (liquid)... Inner (solid)
Crust:
Continental (granite)... Oceanic (basalt
Moho:
Lithosphere
63 terms
Planet Earth Chapter 8
Protolith
Metamorphism
Recrystallization
Phase Change
Rock that is metamorphosed
Process whereby a protolith is changed into a different type…
changes shape and size of a mineral grain without changing th…
polymorphic transformation (crystal structure changes)
Protolith
Rock that is metamorphosed
Metamorphism
Process whereby a protolith is changed into a different type…
75 terms
Digital Planet Chapter 8
Global Positioning System (GPS)[+ GPS…
Grid Computing*
Hotspot*
Instant Messaging (IM)~
GPS is the name given to the positioning system around the wo…
P2P except instead of sharing files, process power is shared…
Wireless access point.
AIM.
Global Positioning System (GPS)[+ GPS…
GPS is the name given to the positioning system around the wo…
Grid Computing*
P2P except instead of sharing files, process power is shared…
34 terms
Planet Earth Chapter 8
burial metamorphism
contact metamorphism
differential stress
dynamic metamorphism
metamorphism due only to the consequences of very deep burial
metamorphism caused by heat conducted into country rock from…
a condition causing a materials to experience a push or pull…
metamorphism that occurs as a consequence of shearing along,…
burial metamorphism
metamorphism due only to the consequences of very deep burial
contact metamorphism
metamorphism caused by heat conducted into country rock from…
Planet Earth: Chapter 8
burial metamorphism
contact metamorphism
differential stress
dynamic metamorphism
Metamorphism due to only the consequences of deep burial - i.…
Local metamorphism caused by igneous intrusion.
Stress that is not applied equally across a body.
Metamorphism due to shearing alone under metamorphic conditio…
burial metamorphism
Metamorphism due to only the consequences of deep burial - i.…
contact metamorphism
Local metamorphism caused by igneous intrusion.
40 terms
Leap Advanced, Level 6 - Chapter 8: Saving Planet Earth
amplifies (v.)
catalyst (n.)
chemically intensive (adj.)
contemplate (v.)
makes louder or stronger
something that brings about a change in something else
containing a lot of chemicals
To consider carefully and thoughtfully
amplifies (v.)
makes louder or stronger
catalyst (n.)
something that brings about a change in something else
Planet Earth Chapter 8
Weather
Climate
Important Factors to Weather
Meteorology
The short-term, day-to-day condition of the atmosphere
The long-term average (over decades) of weather conditions an…
Temperature, air pressure, relative humidity, wind speed and…
The scientific study of the atmosphere
Weather
The short-term, day-to-day condition of the atmosphere
Climate
The long-term average (over decades) of weather conditions an…
9 terms
Chapter 8 - Lesson 3 - Planets definitions
Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
Mercury
Venus
Saturn
_______ are the four planets closest to the Sun.
___________ planet closest to the sun. It is rocky and full o…
___________ hottest planet. It is covered with thick clouds t…
______ known for its beautiful rings made of bits of ice and…
Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
_______ are the four planets closest to the Sun.
Mercury
___________ planet closest to the sun. It is rocky and full o…
75 terms
Digital Planet Chapter 8
Global Positioning System (GPS)[+ GPS…
Grid Computing*
Hotspot*
Instant Messaging (IM)~
GPS is the name given to the positioning system around the wo…
P2P except instead of sharing files, process power is shared…
Wireless access point.
AIM.
Global Positioning System (GPS)[+ GPS…
GPS is the name given to the positioning system around the wo…
Grid Computing*
P2P except instead of sharing files, process power is shared…
10 terms
Chapter 8 Science Study Guide of phases of planets and the Moon
Axis
Constellation
craters
orbit
A real or imaginary line through the center of a spinning obj…
A pattern or a picture outlined by the stars
hollow area, or pit in the ground ( the moon is full of crate…
The regular path the earth travels on around the moon.
Axis
A real or imaginary line through the center of a spinning obj…
Constellation
A pattern or a picture outlined by the stars
7 terms
Chapter 8 A Family of Planets Sec 3 The Outer Planets
gas giant
dwarf planet
Jupiter
Saturn
a planet that has a deep, massive atmosphere, such as Jupiter…
any object that orbits the sun, is round because of its own g…
largest planet in our solar system, made mostly of hydrogen a…
second largest planet in our solar system, made mostly of hyd…
gas giant
a planet that has a deep, massive atmosphere, such as Jupiter…
dwarf planet
any object that orbits the sun, is round because of its own g…
26 terms
Planet Earth: Chapter 8
Placing a specific number of years of…
How old is the Earth?
Placing events in a sequence... based on…
How far can carbon dating reach to?
Absolute Date
4.56 Billion Years (obtained by meteorites)
Relative Dating
40,000 Years
Placing a specific number of years of…
Absolute Date
How old is the Earth?
4.56 Billion Years (obtained by meteorites)
8 terms
Chapter 8: Planet Earth and Its Moon
ellipse
rotation
eclipse
lunar eclipse
a shape that is like a circle stretched out in opposite direc…
spinning of a planet, moon, or star around its axis
event in which one abject in space gets between the sun and a…
event in which the moon passes through Earth's shadow
ellipse
a shape that is like a circle stretched out in opposite direc…
rotation
spinning of a planet, moon, or star around its axis
15 terms
Chapter 8 Origin Of the Solar System and Extrasolar Planets
Catastrophic Hypotheses
Evolutionary hypotheses
Solar nebula Theory
Terrestrial planets
the planets formed from a collision of the sun and another star
formed gradually and naturally as the sun formed
Planets formed in the rotating disks of gas and dust around y…
small, rocky, dense, Earth-like worlds
Catastrophic Hypotheses
the planets formed from a collision of the sun and another star
Evolutionary hypotheses
formed gradually and naturally as the sun formed
79 terms
science test chapter 8 (Planets)
How many moons does Jupiter have?
How many rings does Jupiter have?
Name at least 4 0f the spacecraft that…
Name the 4 notable moons on Jupiter
67
3
Pioneer 10, Cassini, Pioneer 11, Voyager 1, Voyager 2, Galile…
Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto
How many moons does Jupiter have?
67
How many rings does Jupiter have?
3
40 terms
Planet Earth Chapter 8 Metamorphism
Protolith
Metamorphism occurs when
How to tell if a rock is metamorphic
Recyrstallization
preexisting rock that metamorphic rocks form from
occurs between diagenesis and melting
texture- (grown in situ and interlock)... minerals - (distinct,…
changes shape and size of a mineral grain without changing th…
Protolith
preexisting rock that metamorphic rocks form from
Metamorphism occurs when
occurs between diagenesis and melting
10 terms
Chapter 8 Planet, Moons, and Stars - vocabulary
Axis
Constellation
Craters
Orbit
a line through the center of a spinning object
a group of stars that seem to form a picture
a hollow area, or pit, in the ground
the regular path one object travels around another
Axis
a line through the center of a spinning object
Constellation
a group of stars that seem to form a picture
8 terms
Chapter 8 A Family of Planets Section 2 The Inner Planets
terrestrial planet
prograde rotation
retrograde rotation
period of rotation
one of the highly dense planets nearest to the sun; Mercury,…
the counter-clockwise spin of a planet or moon as seen from a…
the clockwise spin of a planet or moon as seen from above the…
the amount of time that an object takes to rotate once
terrestrial planet
one of the highly dense planets nearest to the sun; Mercury,…
prograde rotation
the counter-clockwise spin of a planet or moon as seen from a…
21 terms
Science Chapter 8 Planet Earth and Its Moon
Rotation
Revolution
Orbit
Ellipse
The spinning of a planet, moon, or star around its axis
The movement of one object around another
The path an object follows as it revolves around another object
a shape that is like a circle stretched out in opposite direc…
Rotation
The spinning of a planet, moon, or star around its axis
Revolution
The movement of one object around another
21 terms
ASTR-01 - Chapter 8 - Jovian Planets
What is Jupiter and Saturn made of?
What is Uranus and Neptune made of?
Which two Jovian planets are denser an…
Are more massive stars bigger?
Mostly H/He and a little rock
Mostly hydrogen components such as Water, Methane, and Ammoni…
Uranus and Neptune because they have less H/He
No, because the gravity compresses it to about the same size.
What is Jupiter and Saturn made of?
Mostly H/He and a little rock
What is Uranus and Neptune made of?
Mostly hydrogen components such as Water, Methane, and Ammoni…
29 terms
Chapter 8: Jovian Planet Systems
Compared to Terrestrial planets, the J…
Terrestrial structure
Jovian structure
Jovian planet formation
• are much larger & more massive... • are composed mostly of H,…
Thin (or no) atmospheres surrounding rocky/metallic bodies.
Small cores surrounded by massive liquid mantles and thick at…
• Beyond the frost line,... planetesimals could accumulate ICE.…
Compared to Terrestrial planets, the J…
• are much larger & more massive... • are composed mostly of H,…
Terrestrial structure
Thin (or no) atmospheres surrounding rocky/metallic bodies.
30 terms
Geology Chapter 8-Nucleosynthesis/Chapter 9-Accretion of the Planets
Sun vs. meteorites
elements
how can diff. elements be formed
nuclear fission
abundance of elements in both, nearly a 1-to-1 correlation,
each element has a unique number of protons, (isotopes of tha…
nuclear fission, nuclear fusion
can happen spontaneously
Sun vs. meteorites
abundance of elements in both, nearly a 1-to-1 correlation,
elements
each element has a unique number of protons, (isotopes of tha…
30 terms
Chapter 8: Jovian Planet (JP) System
What are Jovian planets made of?
Differences in JP formation?
Which JP planets are more dense than t…
Why is Jupiter much more dense than Sa…
Jupiter and Saturn are made almost entirely of hydrogen and h…
Timing-The planet that forms earliest captures the most H and…
Uranus and Neptune are denser than Saturn because they have l…
Due to the Pillow effect, adding mass to JP compresses the un…
What are Jovian planets made of?
Jupiter and Saturn are made almost entirely of hydrogen and h…
Differences in JP formation?
Timing-The planet that forms earliest captures the most H and…
8 terms
Science Chapter 8: Planet Earth and its Moon- Vocabulary
rotation
revolution
orbit
ellipse
spinning of a planet, moon or star around its axis
movement of one object around another
path an object follows as it revolves around another object
a shape that is like a circle stretched out in opposite direc…
rotation
spinning of a planet, moon or star around its axis
revolution
movement of one object around another
75 terms
Digital Planet Chapter 8: Networking and Digital Communication
Global Positioning System (GPS)[+ GPS…
Grid Computing*
Hotspot*
Instant Messaging (IM)~
GPS is the name given to the positioning system around the wo…
P2P except instead of sharing files, process power is shared…
Wireless access point.
AIM.
Global Positioning System (GPS)[+ GPS…
GPS is the name given to the positioning system around the wo…
Grid Computing*
P2P except instead of sharing files, process power is shared…
58 terms
Chapter 8: Jovian Planet Systems
What are the jovian planets mostly mad…
What 2 planets are made almost entirel…
Why does Jupiter lack nuclear fusion?
What 2 planets are made primarily of h…
hydrogen, helium, and hydrogen compounds
Jupiter and Saturn
its gravity is too weak to compress its interior to the extre…
Uranus and Neptune
What are the jovian planets mostly mad…
hydrogen, helium, and hydrogen compounds
What 2 planets are made almost entirel…
Jupiter and Saturn
7 terms
Chapter 8 - Jovian Planet Systems
Which of the following best describes…
Overall, Jupiter's composition is most…
Jupiter's colors come in part from its…
How do typical wind speeds in Jupiter'…
Core of rock, metal, and hydrogen compounds; thick layer of m…
the Sun
clouds of sulfuric acid
They are much faster than hurricane winds on Earth.
Which of the following best describes…
Core of rock, metal, and hydrogen compounds; thick layer of m…
Overall, Jupiter's composition is most…
the Sun
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