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Study sets matching "plant chapter 23"

Chapter 23: Plant Anatomy
Leaf
Roots
Stem
Dermal Tissue
- Broad Shape... - Usually green (because of the chloroplast)... -…
- "Water Collector" of the plant... - the "anchor" of a plant
- the transport system of a plant... > water from roots to leav…
- the "skin" of a plant
Leaf
- Broad Shape... - Usually green (because of the chloroplast)... -…
Roots
- "Water Collector" of the plant... - the "anchor" of a plant
Chapter 23- Land Plants
Plants
how plant evolved
characteristics of plants
shared characteristics of green algae…
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes
- thought to have evolved from fresh water green algae about…
- stores excess carbohydrates as starch... - have cellulose in t…
- cellulose cell wall... - apical cells... - plasmodesmata... - placen…
Plants
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes
how plant evolved
- thought to have evolved from fresh water green algae about…
Biology, Chapter 23.1, Introduction to Plant Reproduction
vegetative reproduction
chemotaxis
protonema
prothallus
a form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from…
movement of cell or organism in response to a particular chem…
a small, threadlike structure that can develop into the gamet…
heart-shaped, tiny fern gametophyte
vegetative reproduction
a form of asexual reproduction in which new plants grow from…
chemotaxis
movement of cell or organism in response to a particular chem…
Chapter 23 Plant Vocabulary
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard Cells
Vascular Plant
The waxy layer on the outside of most plants
The pores in a leaf that allow for gas exchange
The cells that are on each side of a stomata
Plants that have tissues or vessels to transport food and wat…
Cuticle
The waxy layer on the outside of most plants
Stomata
The pores in a leaf that allow for gas exchange
Plant vocab chapter 23
adhesion
apical meristem
bark
blade
tendency of dissimilar particles or surfaces to cling to one…
tip of a plant shoot or root that causes the shoot or root to…
outermost layer of stems and roots of woody plants, outside t…
the flat surface of a leaf
adhesion
tendency of dissimilar particles or surfaces to cling to one…
apical meristem
tip of a plant shoot or root that causes the shoot or root to…
Chapter 23-plant nutrition and support
macronutrients
micronutrients
soil
litter
required in large amounts. Carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen are t…
required in much ... smaller amounts.
complex mixture of rock particles, organic matter, air, and w…
lying on soil surface;consists of decomposing leaves and stems
macronutrients
required in large amounts. Carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen are t…
micronutrients
required in much ... smaller amounts.
42 terms
Bio Plant Kingdom: Chapter 23
Xylem
Phloem
Epidermis
Companion Cells
• Operates as dead cells... • *One way flow, carries water and m…
• Living cells... • Cell walls are much thinner... • Move in any di…
In plants, a single layer of cells that makes up the dermal t…
in plants, the phloem cell that surrounds sieve tube elements…
Xylem
• Operates as dead cells... • *One way flow, carries water and m…
Phloem
• Living cells... • Cell walls are much thinner... • Move in any di…
15 terms
Biology - Chapter 23: Plant Structure
Plant Tissues
Xylem
Phloem
Roots
Dermal Tissue:... -Protective outer covering ... ex: Epidermis... Vasc…
Carries water up the stem from the roots
Carries sugars around the plant wherever they are needed
Serves as an anchor.... Absorbs water and nutrients.... Assists in…
Plant Tissues
Dermal Tissue:... -Protective outer covering ... ex: Epidermis... Vasc…
Xylem
Carries water up the stem from the roots
102 terms
Plant chapter 23
Meristems
Initials
Derivatice
Primary growth
Embryonic regions pr populations of cells retain thenpotentia…
The cells that maintain the meristem as a continuing source o…
New body cell
Vertical growth
Meristems
Embryonic regions pr populations of cells retain thenpotentia…
Initials
The cells that maintain the meristem as a continuing source o…
66 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
plants
how did plants adapt to land
what is the body of a charophyte compo…
what qualities did the plant take from…
multicellular eukaryotes whose evolution is marked by adaptat…
land plants protect all phases of reproduction from drying ou…
the body consists of a single line of cells anchored in the m…
1) Cellulose wall to stand up straight... 2) apical cells that a…
plants
multicellular eukaryotes whose evolution is marked by adaptat…
how did plants adapt to land
land plants protect all phases of reproduction from drying ou…
77 terms
Chapter 23: Introduction to Plants
Cuticle
Stomata
Guard Cell
Vascular System
a waxy layer that covers the nonwoody aboveground parts of mo…
pores that permit plants to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
a pair of specialized cells that border each stoma that contr…
a system of well-developed groups vascular tissues that distr…
Cuticle
a waxy layer that covers the nonwoody aboveground parts of mo…
Stomata
pores that permit plants to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
Plant Terms Chapter 23
What did land plants probably evolve f…
What prevents water loss in a plant?
What has pores and regulates carbon di…
How do land plants reproduce?
Multicellular algae
Cuticle
Stomata
Sexually
What did land plants probably evolve f…
Multicellular algae
What prevents water loss in a plant?
Cuticle
13 terms
Chapter 23 - Plant Diversity
lichen
desiccation
waxy cuticle
apical growth
symbiotic relationship between a fungus and an algae
drying out
lipid outermost layer of cells that protects plant tissues fr…
growth from the top or the tip
lichen
symbiotic relationship between a fungus and an algae
desiccation
drying out
Chapter 23: Plant Development
Germination
Apical
Basal
Cotyledon
the process by which a seed becomes a young plant
embryo; at the tip of a branch
suspensor; toward the root or at the base of the branch where…
the first leaf, or seed leaf, of a plant embryo; used for sto…
Germination
the process by which a seed becomes a young plant
Apical
embryo; at the tip of a branch
Plant Bio - Chapter 23
angiosperms
magnoliophyta
micro
mega
plants with seeds in a vessel (carpel)
250,000 different species of these flowering plants
male
female
angiosperms
plants with seeds in a vessel (carpel)
magnoliophyta
250,000 different species of these flowering plants
83 terms
Chapter 23 Study Guide: Plant Evolution and Diversity
Land plants, or simply "plants," are c…
The plant kingdom evolved from _______…
Plants & their closest Green Algal rel…
Despite their adaptations to land, mos…
plantae
green algae
streptophytes
F
Land plants, or simply "plants," are c…
plantae
The plant kingdom evolved from _______…
green algae
59 terms
Chapter 23: plant tissue
Found at the tips of all roots and ste…
This meristem is responsible for exten…
This meristem is responsible for exten…
These are the cells that divide into c…
apical meristems
shoot apical meristem
root apical meristem
intials
Found at the tips of all roots and ste…
apical meristems
This meristem is responsible for exten…
shoot apical meristem
9 terms
Chapter 23: Plant Reproduction
all vertebrates
diploid organisms:
diploid organisms' gametes
diploid zygote
diploid organisms
carry two sets of chromosomes in a vast majority of cells
only their single-celled eggs and sperm are haploid
haploid egg and a haploid sperm fuse, DNA from each plant con…
all vertebrates
diploid organisms
diploid organisms:
carry two sets of chromosomes in a vast majority of cells
44 terms
Plant Defense Chapter 23
Why is the world green?
What percent of medicines are based on…
Epidermis and cuticle
Stomata
Chemical defenses
30%
Prevents viruses and bacteria with thick wall and waxy cuticl…
natural entry point for bacteria, oomycetes, and fungi... Some b…
Why is the world green?
Chemical defenses
What percent of medicines are based on…
30%
16 terms
Chapter 23: Plant Reproduction
Double Fertilization
Cotyledons
Anther
Stamens
Fusing of three haploid cells to form a polyploid cell.
Leaf like structures that emerge first from a germinating see…
Pollen producing sac attached to the stamen.
The third whorl of a flower structure, produces the pollen.
Double Fertilization
Fusing of three haploid cells to form a polyploid cell.
Cotyledons
Leaf like structures that emerge first from a germinating see…
58 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Structure and Function
What are plant tissues?
Name the 3 types of plant tissues.
What characteristics do dermal tissues…
What are meristem tissues?
a group of cells that function together to perform an activity
-dermal tissues... -vascular tissues... -meristem tissues
-epidermis... -stomata... -guard cells... -trichomes
regions of actively dividing cells
What are plant tissues?
a group of cells that function together to perform an activity
Name the 3 types of plant tissues.
-dermal tissues... -vascular tissues... -meristem tissues
Chapter 23 - Plant Diversity
1. nonvascular ... 2. seedless vascular... 3…
diploid (2n) ; produces spores by meio…
What are the four main groups of plants?
With regard to the sporophyte generation:... is it haploid (n) o…
1. nonvascular ... 2. seedless vascular... 3…
What are the four main groups of plants?
diploid (2n) ; produces spores by meio…
With regard to the sporophyte generation:... is it haploid (n) o…
24 terms
Chapter 23 Plant Diversity
wet environments
osmosis
coiled young leaves of ferns
A plant embryo that is enclosed in a p…
What type of environment do mosses like to live in?
How do mosses and liverworts obtain water?
What are fiddleheads?
What is a seed?
wet environments
What type of environment do mosses like to live in?
osmosis
How do mosses and liverworts obtain water?
32 terms
Chapter 23 - Seed Plants
Epidermis
Meristems
1) Tap Root System... 2) Fibrous Root Sys…
Root Hairs
The single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue of the…
An area of unspecialized cells responsible for continuing gro…
Name the two types of root systems.
Small hairs on a root that produce a large surface area throu…
Epidermis
The single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue of the…
Meristems
An area of unspecialized cells responsible for continuing gro…
Biology, Chapter 23.3, Flowering Plants
polar nuclei
endosperm
seed coat
germination
in anthophytes, the 2 nuclei in the center of a megaspore
a tissue that provides nourishment to the developing embryo o…
protective tissue that forms from the hardening of the outsid…
when the embryo in a seed starts to grow
polar nuclei
in anthophytes, the 2 nuclei in the center of a megaspore
endosperm
a tissue that provides nourishment to the developing embryo o…
38 terms
Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
epidermis
lignin
vessel element
sieve tube element
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue;…
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
epidermis
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue;…
lignin
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
52 terms
Chapter 23 Plants
chemotaxis
heterosporous
megaspore
micropyle
movement of a cell or organism towards or away from a particu…
able to produce two types of spores-megaspores or microspores…
spore that develops into a female gametophyte and is produced…
opening of a conifer's ovule where pollen grain can be trappe…
chemotaxis
movement of a cell or organism towards or away from a particu…
heterosporous
able to produce two types of spores-megaspores or microspores…
Chapter 23 Plant Reproduction
A form of asexual reproduction in whic…
Strawberry plants produce horizontal s…
People take plant cuttings (from roots…
The life cycle of plants that alternat…
Vegetative reproduction
Naturally occurring
Directed
Alternation of generations
A form of asexual reproduction in whic…
Vegetative reproduction
Strawberry plants produce horizontal s…
Naturally occurring
44 terms
Biology Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
epidermis
lignin
vessel element
sieve tube elements
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
epidermis
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
lignin
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
Plant physiology Chapter 23
what are the two types of plant defense?
what are some lipid materials that pro…
what are some mechanical barriers
what drives mimosa to fold?
physical defenses and chemical defenses
cuticle (for above ground plants) and suberin (for below grou…
rose prickles from epidermis and cactus spines are modified l…
pulvinous at base of each leaf and leaflet act as a hinge
what are the two types of plant defense?
physical defenses and chemical defenses
what are some lipid materials that pro…
cuticle (for above ground plants) and suberin (for below grou…
Plant Form chapter 23
simple tissue ... Where is this found?
Complex tissue... Where is this found?
What is the function of ground tissue?…
What is the function of dermal tissue…
all cells are similar... -ground tissue
many different types of cells... -Vascular tissue and dermal
Storage, Support, Photosynthesis
Protection and gas exchange... -Epidermal, Guard cells, trichome
simple tissue ... Where is this found?
all cells are similar... -ground tissue
Complex tissue... Where is this found?
many different types of cells... -Vascular tissue and dermal
Biology Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
epidermis
vessel element
meristem
apical meristem
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
regions of unspecialized cells responsible for continuing gro…
group of unspecialized cells that divide to produce increased…
epidermis
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
vessel element
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
29 terms
Chapter 23: Plant Tissue
what are the 3 plant tissue systems?
what are epidermal cells
what is a cuticle?
what are trichomes?
Dermal, Vascular, Ground
a single layer of cells consisting of a thick, waxy layer tha…
thick waxy coating of the epidermal cells
epidermal cells that have tiny projections
what are the 3 plant tissue systems?
Dermal, Vascular, Ground
what are epidermal cells
a single layer of cells consisting of a thick, waxy layer tha…
20 terms
Chapter 23 - Plant Evolution and Biology Study Guide
All of the following are plant female…
Generation or life stage that produces…
Plant life cycle(s) include... A. the dip…
A leafy plant with no true roots, no s…
C. pollen cone
C. gametophyte
B. alternation of generations cycle only.
B. liverwort.
All of the following are plant female…
C. pollen cone
Generation or life stage that produces…
C. gametophyte
45 terms
Chapter 23: Plant Tissue
what are the 3 main plant tissues?
what are the epidermal cells?
what is the thick waxy coating of the…
what are trichomes and what is their f…
dermal, vascular, and ground
single layer of cells consisting of a thick waxy layer that p…
cuticle
epidermal cells that have tiny projections... protects the leaf…
what are the 3 main plant tissues?
dermal, vascular, and ground
what are the epidermal cells?
single layer of cells consisting of a thick waxy layer that p…
45 terms
Chapter 23-27: Plant Evolution and Biology
Plant Ancestry
Plants
Advantages of Land Environment
Adaptations to Land Environment
evolved from freshwater green algae; carophytes
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes adapted to land
- availability of light ... - more CO2 and O2 in air
- rhizoids or roots ... - waxy cuticles ... - stomata ... - vascular s…
Plant Ancestry
evolved from freshwater green algae; carophytes
Plants
multicellular photosynthetic eukaryotes adapted to land
Biology Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
epidermis
lignin
vessel element
sieve tube elements
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube throu…
continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arr…
epidermis
in plants, single layer of cells that makes up dermal tissue
lignin
substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid
14 terms
Cells and Tissues of the Plant Body (chapter 23)
Apical meristem primary meristems
Protoderm primary tissues
Ground Meristem
Ground Tissues
- Protoderm... - Ground Meristem... - Procambium
Epidermis (dermal tissue system)
Ground tissues
-Parenchyma... -Collenchyma... -Sclerenchyma
Apical meristem primary meristems
- Protoderm... - Ground Meristem... - Procambium
Protoderm primary tissues
Epidermis (dermal tissue system)
13 terms
Chapter 23;Plant Evolution and Diversity
Angiosperms
Gymnosperm
Cotyledon
Sepal
The flowering plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
The plant that produce seeds but no fruit
The part of the seed that includes the starch.
Modified leaves that protect the flower bud
Angiosperms
The flowering plant; the seeds are borne within a fruit
Gymnosperm
The plant that produce seeds but no fruit
52 terms
Biology Plant Definitions Chapter 23
Cuticle
Vascular Tissue
Moss
Rhizoids
Waxy, waterproof layer on the leaves
Tube-like structures for transporting materials in the plant
Simple, rootless plant with leaf-like growths in a spiral aro…
Root-like filaments that anchor the moss and are made up of a…
Cuticle
Waxy, waterproof layer on the leaves
Vascular Tissue
Tube-like structures for transporting materials in the plant
19 terms
Biology Plant Definitions Chapter 23
Gymnosperms
Angiosperm
Monocot
Dicot
Vascular plants that produces seed on the scales of female co…
Vascular plant with seeds that are enclosed in a fruit
Flowering plant whose seeds have one seed leaf or cotyledon
Flowering plant whose seeds have two leaves
Gymnosperms
Vascular plants that produces seed on the scales of female co…
Angiosperm
Vascular plant with seeds that are enclosed in a fruit
180 terms
Chapter 23: Plant Evolution & Diversity Plants
Plant Evolution & Diversity Plants
Advantages of life on land
Adaptation to desiccation (drying out)
Most successful land plants are those…
Plants are multicellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes... Their evo…
Greater amount of sunlight for photosynthesis (water filters…
On land there is the constant threat of drying out... Most succe…
(sperm, egg & embryo) from drying out and have an efficient m…
Plant Evolution & Diversity Plants
Plants are multicellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes... Their evo…
Advantages of life on land
Greater amount of sunlight for photosynthesis (water filters…
18 terms
Chapter 23 - Plant Nutrition and Transport
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Top soil (A horizon)
B horizon (below top soil)
Required in large amounts... Oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen ... Nit…
required in smaller amounts... Cl, Iron, Boron, Zinc
Supplies most of the plants water and nutrients ... Plant roots…
Less organic matter ... Minerals & clay
Macronutrients
Required in large amounts... Oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen ... Nit…
Micronutrients
required in smaller amounts... Cl, Iron, Boron, Zinc
54 terms
Chapter 23 - Plant Structure and Function
Epidermis
Lignin
Vessel Element
Sieve Tube Element
The plant hormone that stimulates fruits to ripen.
The substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid.
The type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube t…
The continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are…
Epidermis
The plant hormone that stimulates fruits to ripen.
Lignin
The substance in vascular plants that makes cell walls rigid.
Chapter 23 Plants
apical meristem
collenchyma
companion cell
cork cambrium
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
type of ground tissue cell with a strong, flexible cell wall;…
nucleated cells that help manage the transport of sugars and…
A cylinder of meristematic tissue in plants that produces cor…
apical meristem
Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds o…
collenchyma
type of ground tissue cell with a strong, flexible cell wall;…
Chapter 23 Plant Evolution and Diversity
alternation of generations
angiosperm
Antheridium
Apical
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
flowering plant
Sperm-producing structures, as in the moss life cycle.
Directional term that refers to the tip of a filament or bran…
alternation of generations
Life cycle, typical of land plants, in which a diploid sporop…
angiosperm
flowering plant
28 terms
chapter 23: Plant Evolution and Diversity
Plant
Adaptation to Land key points
The Ancestry of Plants key points
Charophytes
Multicellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes whose evolution is m…
1. Land environment requires adaptations, in particular to de…
...
green algae that are the closest relatives of land plants.... li…
Plant
Multicellular, photosynthetic eukaryotes whose evolution is m…
Adaptation to Land key points
1. Land environment requires adaptations, in particular to de…
51 terms
Biology Plant Definitions Chapter 23
Cuticle
Vascular Tissue
Moss
Rhizoids
Waxy, waterproof layer on the leaves
Tube-like structures for transporting materials in the plant
Simple, rootless plant with leaf-like growths in a spiral aro…
Root-like filaments that anchor the moss and are made up of a…
Cuticle
Waxy, waterproof layer on the leaves
Vascular Tissue
Tube-like structures for transporting materials in the plant
Chapter 23: Plant Structure and Function
epidermis
Sieve tube element
Companion cell
Vessel element
a single layer of cells that make up dermal tissue.
main phloem cells that arrange end to end to form sieve tubes…
surround the sieve tube elements. support the phloem and aid…
xylem cells, wider than trachieds. dead at maturity. openings…
epidermis
a single layer of cells that make up dermal tissue.
Sieve tube element
main phloem cells that arrange end to end to form sieve tubes…
Chapter 23-Plant Evolution and Diversity
streptophytes
tissues
apical meristems
alternation of generations
plants and their closest green algal relatives
bodies of land plants are composed of this, making it difficu…
thick robust bodies able to withstand drought
two types of multicellular bodies. Haploid generation (gameto…
streptophytes
plants and their closest green algal relatives
tissues
bodies of land plants are composed of this, making it difficu…
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