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Study sets matching "plant chapter 4"

22 terms
Chapter 4 Plant Vocab
fruit
Tropism
Cuticle
Stamen
forms from the ovary wall of the flower and includes and endo…
A plants growth response to an external stimulus
fatty or waxy coat covering the cell
male reproductive structure
fruit
forms from the ovary wall of the flower and includes and endo…
Tropism
A plants growth response to an external stimulus
47 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 4
Sieve Plate
simple pits
sieve-tube member(s)
(primary) meristem(s)
The connection between two sieve tube elements where there ar…
openings in the cell walls of fibers and lignified parenchyma…
A set of connected elements that move food (sugar) in the phl…
The still dividing tissues immediately behind the apical meri…
Sieve Plate
The connection between two sieve tube elements where there ar…
simple pits
openings in the cell walls of fibers and lignified parenchyma…
40 terms
From Bacteria to Plants: Chapter 4 The Plant Kingdom
photosynthesis
tissue
chloroplast
vacuole
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
tissue
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
15 terms
Science Chapter 4 Plant Reproduction
gametophyte stage
spore
sporophyte stage
rhizome
Male and female parts make gametes. The female gametophytes p…
tiny cells that can grow into a new organism
plant life-cycle stage that begins when an egg is fertilized…
a horizontal plant stem with shoots above and roots below ser…
gametophyte stage
Male and female parts make gametes. The female gametophytes p…
spore
tiny cells that can grow into a new organism
Science Chapter 4 Plant Processes
Photosynthesis
epidermis
palisade layer
cellular respiration
the process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
the outer layer of cells covering an organism, in particular.
a layer of parallel elongated cells below the epidermis of a…
cellular respiration
Photosynthesis
the process by which green plants and some other organisms us…
epidermis
the outer layer of cells covering an organism, in particular.
49 terms
Chapter 4: Plant Science
Water potential is defined as the:
The long-distance transport of sap in…
What is the water potential, expressed…
In the absence of other factors affect…
potential energy of water
pressure-driven bulk flow
0
low solute concentration; high solute concentration
Water potential is defined as the:
potential energy of water
The long-distance transport of sap in…
pressure-driven bulk flow
24 terms
From Bacteria to Plants: Chapter 4 The Plant Kingdom
photosynthesis
tissue
chloroplast
vacuole
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
tissue
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
22 terms
plant systematics chapter 4 #3
connation
distinct
adnation
free
fusion of like parts
unfused petals, totally distinct
fusion of unlike parts
unliked parts are not free
connation
fusion of like parts
distinct
unfused petals, totally distinct
100 terms
Plant systematics chapter 4 #2
Alternate leaves
Opposite leaves
Decussate
Whorled
borne singly and arranged in spiral patterns
borne in pairs members positioned on opposite sides
leaves of adjacent nodes are rotated 90 degrees
Three or more leaves are positioned at a node
Alternate leaves
borne singly and arranged in spiral patterns
Opposite leaves
borne in pairs members positioned on opposite sides
100 terms
Plant systematics Chapter 4 #1
Dicots
Monocots
Cotyledon
Dicots also named as
Flowers 4 + 5, two cotyledon
Flowers in 3, one cotyledon
Significant embryo, becomes first leaf often
Eudicots
Dicots
Flowers 4 + 5, two cotyledon
Monocots
Flowers in 3, one cotyledon
10 terms
Plant Reproduction Chapter 4
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Annuals
Biennials
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
A flowering plant that completes its entire life cycle in a s…
Angiosperms that complete their life cycle in two years
Sporophyte
Diploid, or spore-producing, phase of an organism
Gametophyte
Haploid, or gamete-producing, phase of an organism
20 terms
From Bacteria to Plants: Chapter 4 The Plant Kingdom
photosynthesis
tissue
chloroplast
vacuole
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
tissue
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
51 terms
chapter 4; plant reproduction
asexual reproduction
callous
chromosome
clone
plant reproduction using leaves, stems, or roots; no union of…
group of cells with no particular function formed in tissue c…
arrangement of genes; made of proteins and nucleic acid and c…
a genetic duplicate of a parent
asexual reproduction
plant reproduction using leaves, stems, or roots; no union of…
callous
group of cells with no particular function formed in tissue c…
35 terms
Chapter 4: Plant Tissues
roots, stem, leaves, flowers
roots
stem
leaves
four groups of plant organs
gather nutrients and anchor the plant
supports plant, transport
primary site of photosynthesis
roots, stem, leaves, flowers
four groups of plant organs
roots
gather nutrients and anchor the plant
20 terms
Plant - Chapter 4
Seed
Epicotyl
Hypocotyl
Radicle
a fertilized, mature ovule
the embryonic upper shoot system of a seed
the embryonic "stem"
the embryonic root system
Seed
a fertilized, mature ovule
Epicotyl
the embryonic upper shoot system of a seed
24 terms
From Bacteria to Plants: Chapter 4 Introduction to Plants
photosynthesis
tissue
chloroplast
vacuole
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
tissue
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
18 terms
Chapter 4 Plants
Species
Cuticle
Cellulose
Vascular Plant
Closely related organisms that share similar characteristics…
A waxy, protective layer secreted by cells onto the surface o…
Chemical compound made out of sugar; forms tangled fibers in…
Plant with tubelike structures that move minerals, water, and…
Species
Closely related organisms that share similar characteristics…
Cuticle
A waxy, protective layer secreted by cells onto the surface o…
Plant science chapter 4
herbaceous plants
woody plants
deciduous plants
evergreens
a plant that has a soft, not woody stem that dies back to the…
any shrub, tree, or certain vines which produce wood and have…
plants that lose their leaves during a portion of the year, u…
a plant that keeps their leaves year round
herbaceous plants
a plant that has a soft, not woody stem that dies back to the…
woody plants
any shrub, tree, or certain vines which produce wood and have…
31 terms
Plant Biology Chapter 4
Meristems
Apical Meristems
Primary Meristems
Lateral Meristems
Permanent regions of active cell division.
Found at the tops of roots and shoots.
Protoderm, Ground Meristem, Procambium.
Produce tissues that increase the girth of roots and stems.... S…
Meristems
Permanent regions of active cell division.
Apical Meristems
Found at the tops of roots and shoots.
12 terms
Chapter 4 Plant Cell
Central Vacuole
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
1.
2.
3.
4.
Central Vacuole
1.
Nucleus
2.
22 terms
Chapter 4 Plant Reproduction
spore
gametophyte stage
sporophyte stage
fertilization
haploid cells produced in the gametophyte stage that can divi…
plant life cycle stage that begins when cells in reproductive…
plant life stage that begins when an egg is fertilized by a s…
in sexual reproduction, the joining of a sperm and an egg
spore
haploid cells produced in the gametophyte stage that can divi…
gametophyte stage
plant life cycle stage that begins when cells in reproductive…
15 terms
Chapter 4 review plant cell
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Vacuole
Chloroplast
Cell membrane
Cell wall
25 terms
Chapter 4 Science "Plants" Vocabulary
pollen
pollination
photosynthesis
xylem
the yellow powder that is made in the tissue at the top of th…
when pollen is moved from the stamen to the pistil
the process that plants use to make sugar
tubes in a plant that carry materials to the leaves
pollen
the yellow powder that is made in the tissue at the top of th…
pollination
when pollen is moved from the stamen to the pistil
18 terms
Systems of Living Things - Chapter 4 Plant Processes
photosynthesis
epidermis
palisade layer
cellular respiration
the process by which plants make food
the outer layer of cells of a leaf
the layer of cells in a leaf where most photosynthesis occurs
the process by which cells release energy from food in order…
photosynthesis
the process by which plants make food
epidermis
the outer layer of cells of a leaf
17 terms
Chapter 4 Classifying Plant Groups
seed
fern
moss
vascular plant
A plant part that contain a beginning plant and stored food
a seedless vascular plant
a nonvascular plant that has simple parts
a plant that has tubelike cells
seed
A plant part that contain a beginning plant and stored food
fern
a seedless vascular plant
From Bacteria to Plants: Chapter 4 The Plant Kingdom
photosynthesis
tissue
chloroplast
vacuole
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
tissue
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
29 terms
Chapter 4: Plant Tissues
What is the primary body of a plant?
What are meristems?
Where in the plant do you find apical…
What are the functions of apical meris…
Roots, Stems and Leaves
A region of undifferentiated cells in which new cells arise
in the end of stems and root tips or shoots
Primary growth (tall and long)
What is the primary body of a plant?
Roots, Stems and Leaves
What are meristems?
A region of undifferentiated cells in which new cells arise
21 terms
Plant and Animal Chapter 4 Review
flowering or nonflowering
seeds
roots, stems, leaves
seedlings
Plants are classified as ___________ or _________
Flowering plants have __________ that grow flowers
3 plant structures: _____, _________, __________
The first sprouts from a seed are called ____________
flowering or nonflowering
Plants are classified as ___________ or _________
seeds
Flowering plants have __________ that grow flowers
18 terms
Charlie Science Chapter 4 Plants
embryo
photosynthesis
xylem
phloem
new plant. protected by a seed coat.
is the process that plants and some other organisms use to ma…
tissues are tubes that carry materials from the roots to the…
tissues are tubes that carry sugar away from the leaves. suga…
embryo
new plant. protected by a seed coat.
photosynthesis
is the process that plants and some other organisms use to ma…
23 terms
Plant- Chapter 4
seed
epicotyle
hypocotyl
radicle
fertilized, mature ovule (embryo (epicotyl, hypocotyl, radicl…
the embryonic upper shoot system of a seed
the embryonic "stem"
the embryonic root system
seed
fertilized, mature ovule (embryo (epicotyl, hypocotyl, radicl…
epicotyle
the embryonic upper shoot system of a seed
21 terms
Chapter 4: Classifying Plant Groups
angiosperm
conifer
dicot
embryo
a flowering seed plant
a major group of gymnosperms; they have cones
an angiosperm that has two seed leaves (cotyledons)
a beginning plant
angiosperm
a flowering seed plant
conifer
a major group of gymnosperms; they have cones
31 terms
Chapter 4 plant science terms
Gene
Transcription
Translation
Codon
sequence of DNA nucleotides that code for a specific protein
occurs in the nucleus, transfer of genetic information from a…
occurs in the Endoplasmic Reticulum uses genetic information…
3 nucleotide sequence in mRNA that odes for a specific amino…
Gene
sequence of DNA nucleotides that code for a specific protein
Transcription
occurs in the nucleus, transfer of genetic information from a…
13 terms
Chapter 4 Plant Reproduction
spore
gametophyte stage
sporophyte stage
fronds
haploid cells formed when reproductive cells undergo meiosis
a stage in the plant life cycle that has undergone meiosis an…
the joining of haploid sex cells forming diploid number of ch…
the leaf of a fern
spore
haploid cells formed when reproductive cells undergo meiosis
gametophyte stage
a stage in the plant life cycle that has undergone meiosis an…
28 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy of Plants
Cell
Cell Wall
Chloroplasts
Cytoplams
The basic structural and physiological unit of crop plants, w…
Structure surrounding a cell; gives the cell form and control…
A self-replicating organelle or organized cellular body that…
Cell contents other than the nucleus.
Cell
The basic structural and physiological unit of crop plants, w…
Cell Wall
Structure surrounding a cell; gives the cell form and control…
15 terms
Bacterial to plants - The Plant Kingdom(Chapter-4)
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
Cell walls
Tissues
Organisms that produce their own food.
Sunlight provide energy to plants , Plants uses carbon dioxid…
Plants cells that are enclosed .
Group of similar cells that perform a specific function in an…
Autotrophs
Organisms that produce their own food.
Photosynthesis
Sunlight provide energy to plants , Plants uses carbon dioxid…
12 terms
Chapter 4.3b - Plant Reproduction
Pollination
Fertilization
Embryo
Dispersal
The process where a pollen grain falls onto the stigma of a f…
Process where pollen enters the ovule in the ovary of a flower.
Baby plant inside of a seed
The scattering of seeds
Pollination
The process where a pollen grain falls onto the stigma of a f…
Fertilization
Process where pollen enters the ovule in the ovary of a flower.
35 terms
Plant Bio Chapter 4
bulk flow, diffusion, osmosis
bulk flow
potential energy
water potential
movement of water into and out of cells happens by 3 basic pr…
mass flow of water (or some liquid) from one place to another
stored energy of an object to do work
stored energy of water, defined as chemical potential/vol 1 m…
bulk flow, diffusion, osmosis
movement of water into and out of cells happens by 3 basic pr…
bulk flow
mass flow of water (or some liquid) from one place to another
50 terms
From Bacteria to Plants: Chapter 4 Intro to Plants 2
photosynthesis
tissue
chloroplast
vacuole
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
photosynthesis
A process used by plants and other autotrophs to capture ligh…
tissue
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular funct…
13 terms
Chapter 4 plant test
Plant kindom
Non-seed plants
Seed plants
Mosses
A group of living things that are multi cellular and that car…
Plants that reproduce without forming seeds like mosses
plants that reproduce by forming seeds
small, non-seed plants that lack true roots, stems, and leave…
Plant kindom
A group of living things that are multi cellular and that car…
Non-seed plants
Plants that reproduce without forming seeds like mosses
19 terms
Chapter 4: Classifying Plant Groups
angiosperm
conifer
cotyledon
dicot
a flowering plant
a cone-bearing gymnosperm
a structure in the seeds of angiosperms that contains food fo…
an angiosperm that has two seed leaves
angiosperm
a flowering plant
conifer
a cone-bearing gymnosperm
30 terms
SFA Plant Path Chapter 4 (Exam II) - Nematodes
avoidance
biological control
crop rotation
cryptobiosis
principle of plant disease management in which plants are gro…
exploitation by humans of the natural competition, parasitism…
the successive planting of different crop species; often used…
a state of suspended metabolic activity during unfavorable en…
avoidance
principle of plant disease management in which plants are gro…
biological control
exploitation by humans of the natural competition, parasitism…
18 terms
Chapter 4: Plants
epidermis
pores
carbon dioxide + water + sunlight/ener…
more sunlight = more ___________
helps protect the plant
tiny opening at the bottom of the leaf to let air in and out
sugar
sugar
epidermis
helps protect the plant
pores
tiny opening at the bottom of the leaf to let air in and out
21 terms
Plant and Animal Chapter 4 Review
flowering or nonflowering
seeds
roots, stems, leaves
seedlings
Plants are classified as ___________ or _________
Flowering plants have __________ that grow flowers
3 plant structures: _____, _________, __________
The first sprouts from a seed are called ____________
flowering or nonflowering
Plants are classified as ___________ or _________
seeds
Flowering plants have __________ that grow flowers
43 terms
Chapter 4 Plants
Chloroplast
Where does photosynthesis occur?
All green plants have _____ and carry…
This part of the plant has the most ch…
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
In the chloroplast
chloroplast photosynthesis
Green leaves
Chloroplast
A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
Where does photosynthesis occur?
In the chloroplast
Chapter 4 plant Study Guide
Leaves
Stoma
Epidermis
Photosynthesis
Plant organs
Tiny openinga on the bottom of leaf to let air out
Protects plants from outside. Similar to human skin
Takes place in the chloroplast inside the leaves, carbon diox…
Leaves
Plant organs
Stoma
Tiny openinga on the bottom of leaf to let air out
17 terms
Chapter 4 -- Plants
photosynthesis
xylem
phloem
pollen
process by which plants use light energy to make sugars
tubes in vascular plants that carry water and other materials
tubes in vascular plants that carry sugar away from the leaves
grainy yellow powder made at the top of the stamen of a flower
photosynthesis
process by which plants use light energy to make sugars
xylem
tubes in vascular plants that carry water and other materials
24 terms
Chapter 4 Plant equipment.
_____ moves liquid, hates gas.
____moves gas, hates liquid
a single stage _____ pump can function…
A _____ pump will break if blocked
pumps
compressor
Centrifugal
Dynamic
_____ moves liquid, hates gas.
pumps
____moves gas, hates liquid
compressor
17 terms
Chapter 4 Plants and Animals
Classify
vertebrates
invertebrates
sepal
arrange objects by characteristics
animals with backbones
animals without backbones
the leaf like part of a plant that covers the bud
Classify
arrange objects by characteristics
vertebrates
animals with backbones
12 terms
Chapter 4 Plant Growth
Organic Compounds
Hormones
Growth Regulators
Indolacetic Acid (IAA)
chemicals that contain carbon, that support life, includes pr…
Naturally occurring growth regulators
Substance other than fertilizer of food that alters the growt…
A compound that is an acetic acid derivative of indole, espec…
Organic Compounds
chemicals that contain carbon, that support life, includes pr…
Hormones
Naturally occurring growth regulators
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